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string-list API
The string_list API offers a data structure and functions to handle sorted
and unsorted string lists.
The 'string_list' struct used to be called 'path_list', but was renamed
because it is not specific to paths.
The caller:
. Allocates and clears a `struct string_list` variable.
. Initializes the members. You might want to set the flag `strdup_strings`
if the strings should be strdup()ed. For example, this is necessary
when you add something like git_path("..."), since that function returns
a static buffer that will change with the next call to git_path().
If you need something advanced, you can manually malloc() the `items`
member (you need this if you add things later) and you should set the
`nr` and `alloc` members in that case, too.
. Adds new items to the list, using `string_list_append` or
. Can check if a string is in the list using `string_list_has_string` or
`unsorted_string_list_has_string` and get it from the list using
`string_list_lookup` for sorted lists.
. Can sort an unsorted list using `sort_string_list`.
. Can remove individual items of an unsorted list using
. Finally it should free the list using `string_list_clear`.
struct string_list list;
int i;
memset(&list, 0, sizeof(struct string_list));
string_list_append(&list, "foo");
string_list_append(&list, "bar");
for (i = 0; i <; i++)
printf("%s\n", list.items[i].string)
NOTE: It is more efficient to build an unsorted list and sort it
afterwards, instead of building a sorted list (`O(n log n)` instead of
However, if you use the list to check if a certain string was added
already, you should not do that (using unsorted_string_list_has_string()),
because the complexity would be quadratic again (but with a worse factor).
* General ones (works with sorted and unsorted lists as well)
Dump a string_list to stdout, useful mainly for debugging purposes. It
can take an optional header argument and it writes out the
string-pointer pairs of the string_list, each one in its own line.
Free a string_list. The `string` pointer of the items will be freed in
case the `strdup_strings` member of the string_list is set. The second
parameter controls if the `util` pointer of the items should be freed
or not.
* Functions for sorted lists only
Determine if the string_list has a given string or not.
Insert a new element to the string_list. The returned pointer can be
handy if you want to write something to the `util` pointer of the
string_list_item containing the just added string.
Since this function uses xrealloc() (which die()s if it fails) if the
list needs to grow, it is safe not to check the pointer. I.e. you may
write `string_list_insert(...)->util = ...;`.
Look up a given string in the string_list, returning the containing
string_list_item. If the string is not found, NULL is returned.
* Functions for unsorted lists only
Append a new string to the end of the string_list.
Make an unsorted list sorted.
It's like `string_list_has_string()` but for unsorted lists.
It's like `string_list_lookup()` but for unsorted lists.
The above two functions need to look through all items, as opposed to their
counterpart for sorted lists, which performs a binary search.
Remove an item from a string_list. The `string` pointer of the items
will be freed in case the `strdup_strings` member of the string_list
is set. The third parameter controls if the `util` pointer of the
items should be freed or not.
Data structures
* `struct string_list_item`
Represents an item of the list. The `string` member is a pointer to the
string, and you may use the `util` member for any purpose, if you want.
* `struct string_list`
Represents the list itself.
. The array of items are available via the `items` member.
. The `nr` member contains the number of items stored in the list.
. The `alloc` member is used to avoid reallocating at every insertion.
You should not tamper with it.
. Setting the `strdup_strings` member to 1 will strdup() the strings
before adding them, see above.