|author||Jeff King <email@example.com>||Fri Nov 15 04:06:07 2019 -0500|
|committer||Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>||Mon Nov 18 10:46:56 2019 +0900|
gitweb: escape URLs generated by href() There's a cross-site scripting problem in gitweb, where it will print URLs generated by its href() helper without further quoting. This allows an attacker to point a victim to a specially crafted gitweb URL and inject arbitrary HTML into the resulting page (which the victim sees as coming from gitweb). The base of the URL comes from evaluate_uri(), which pulls the value of $REQUEST_URI via the CGI module. It tries to strip off $PATH_INFO, but fails to do so in some cases (including ones that contain special characters, like "+"). Most of the uses of the URL end up being passed to "$cgi->a(-href = href())", which will get quoted properly by the CGI module. But in a few places, we output them ourselves as part of manually-generated HTML, and whatever was in the original URL will appear unquoted in the output. Given that all of the nearby variables placed into this manual HTML _are_ quoted, it seems like the authors assumed that these URLs would not need quoting. So it's possible that the bug is actually in evaluate_uri(), which should be doing a more careful job of stripping $PATH_INFO. There's some discussion in a comment in that function, as well as the commit message in 81d3fe9f48 (gitweb: fix wrong base URL when non-root DirectoryIndex, 2009-02-15). But I'm not sure I understand it. Regardless, it's a good idea to quote these values at the point of insertion into the HTML output: 1. Even if there is a bug in evaluate_uri(), this would give us belt-and-suspenders protection. 2. evaluate_uri() is only handling the base. Some generated URLs will also mention arbitrary refs or filenames in the repositories, and these should be quoted anyway. 3. It should never _hurt_ to quote (and that's what all of the $cgi->a() calls are doing already). So there may be further work here, but this patch at least prevents the XSS vulnerability, and shouldn't make anything worse. The test here covers the calls in print_feed_meta(), but I manually audited every call to href() to see how its output was used, and quoted appropriately. Most of them are esc_attr(), as they're used in tag attributes, but I used esc_html() when the URLs were printed bare. The distinction is largely academic, as one is implemented as a wrapper for the other. Reported-by: NAKAYAMA DAISUKE <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <email@example.com>
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