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git-revert - Revert an existing commit
'git revert' [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>
Given one existing commit, revert the change the patch introduces, and record a
new commit that records it. This requires your working tree to be clean (no
modifications from the HEAD commit).
Note: 'git revert' is used to record a new commit to reverse the
effect of an earlier commit (often a faulty one). If you want to
throw away all uncommitted changes in your working directory, you
should see linkgit:git-reset[1], particularly the '--hard' option. If
you want to extract specific files as they were in another commit, you
should see linkgit:git-checkout[1], specifically the 'git checkout
<commit> -- <filename>' syntax. Take care with these alternatives as
both will discard uncommitted changes in your working directory.
Commit to revert.
For a more complete list of ways to spell commit names, see
"SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
With this option, 'git-revert' will let you edit the commit
message prior to committing the revert. This is the default if
you run the command from a terminal.
-m parent-number::
--mainline parent-number::
Usually you cannot revert a merge because you do not know which
side of the merge should be considered the mainline. This
option specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of
the mainline and allows revert to reverse the change
relative to the specified parent.
Reverting a merge commit declares that you will never want the tree changes
brought in by the merge. As a result, later merges will only bring in tree
changes introduced by commits that are not ancestors of the previously
reverted merge. This may or may not be what you want.
See the link:howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt[revert-a-faulty-merge How-To] for
more details.
With this option, 'git-revert' will not start the commit
message editor.
Usually the command automatically creates a commit with
a commit log message stating which commit was
reverted. This flag applies the change necessary
to revert the named commit to your working tree
and the index, but does not make the commit. In addition,
when this option is used, your index does not have to match
the HEAD commit. The revert is done against the
beginning state of your index.
This is useful when reverting more than one commits'
effect to your index in a row.
Add Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit message.
Written by Junio C Hamano <>
Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <>.
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite