|author||Jacob Keller <email@example.com>||Wed Sep 30 14:25:29 2020 -0700|
|committer||Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>||Wed Sep 30 14:52:00 2020 -0700|
refspec: add support for negative refspecs Both fetch and push support pattern refspecs which allow fetching or pushing references that match a specific pattern. Because these patterns are globs, they have somewhat limited ability to express more complex situations. For example, suppose you wish to fetch all branches from a remote except for a specific one. To allow this, you must setup a set of refspecs which match only the branches you want. Because refspecs are either explicit name matches, or simple globs, many patterns cannot be expressed. Add support for a new type of refspec, referred to as "negative" refspecs. These are prefixed with a '^' and mean "exclude any ref matching this refspec". They can only have one "side" which always refers to the source. During a fetch, this refers to the name of the ref on the remote. During a push, this refers to the name of the ref on the local side. With negative refspecs, users can express more complex patterns. For example: git fetch origin refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/* ^refs/heads/dontwant will fetch all branches on origin into remotes/origin, but will exclude fetching the branch named dontwant. Refspecs today are commutative, meaning that order doesn't expressly matter. Rather than forcing an implied order, negative refspecs will always be applied last. That is, in order to match, a ref must match at least one positive refspec, and match none of the negative refspecs. This is similar to how negative pathspecs work. Signed-off-by: Jacob Keller <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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