mm/page-writeback.c: avoid potential division by zero in wb_min_max_ratio()

Patch series "use div64_ul() instead of div_u64() if the divisor is
unsigned long".

We were first inspired by commit b0ab99e7736a ("sched: Fix possible divide
by zero in avg_atom () calculation"), then refer to the recently analyzed
mm code, we found this suspicious place.

 201                 if (min) {
 202                         min *= this_bw;
 203                         do_div(min, tot_bw);
 204                 }

And we also disassembled and confirmed it:

  /usr/src/debug/kernel-4.9.168-016.ali3000/linux-4.9.168-016.ali3000.alios7.x86_64/mm/page-writeback.c: 201
  0xffffffff811c37da <__wb_calc_thresh+234>:      xor    %r10d,%r10d
  0xffffffff811c37dd <__wb_calc_thresh+237>:      test   %rax,%rax
  0xffffffff811c37e0 <__wb_calc_thresh+240>:      je 0xffffffff811c3800 <__wb_calc_thresh+272>
  /usr/src/debug/kernel-4.9.168-016.ali3000/linux-4.9.168-016.ali3000.alios7.x86_64/mm/page-writeback.c: 202
  0xffffffff811c37e2 <__wb_calc_thresh+242>:      imul   %r8,%rax
  /usr/src/debug/kernel-4.9.168-016.ali3000/linux-4.9.168-016.ali3000.alios7.x86_64/mm/page-writeback.c: 203
  0xffffffff811c37e6 <__wb_calc_thresh+246>:      mov    %r9d,%r10d    ---> truncates it to 32 bits here
  0xffffffff811c37e9 <__wb_calc_thresh+249>:      xor    %edx,%edx
  0xffffffff811c37eb <__wb_calc_thresh+251>:      div    %r10
  0xffffffff811c37ee <__wb_calc_thresh+254>:      imul   %rbx,%rax
  0xffffffff811c37f2 <__wb_calc_thresh+258>:      shr    $0x2,%rax
  0xffffffff811c37f6 <__wb_calc_thresh+262>:      mul    %rcx
  0xffffffff811c37f9 <__wb_calc_thresh+265>:      shr    $0x2,%rdx
  0xffffffff811c37fd <__wb_calc_thresh+269>:      mov    %rdx,%r10

This series uses div64_ul() instead of div_u64() if the divisor is
unsigned long, to avoid truncation to 32-bit on 64-bit platforms.

This patch (of 3):

The variables 'min' and 'max' are unsigned long and do_div truncates
them to 32 bits, which means it can test non-zero and be truncated to
zero for division.  Fix this issue by using div64_ul() instead.

Fixes: 693108a8a667 ("writeback: make bdi->min/max_ratio handling cgroup writeback aware")
Signed-off-by: Wen Yang <>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <>
Cc: Qian Cai <>
Cc: Tejun Heo <>
Cc: Jens Axboe <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
1 file changed