blob: ce55aba0ce220a70551c027e4aac1733efbbca5a [file] [log] [blame]
Binding for Silicon Labs Si5340, Si5341 Si5342, Si5344 and Si5345 programmable
i2c clock generator.
[1] Si5341 Data Sheet
[2] Si5341 Reference Manual
[3] Si5345 Reference Manual
The Si5341 and Si5340 are programmable i2c clock generators with up to 10 output
clocks. The chip contains a PLL that sources 5 (or 4) multisynth clocks, which
in turn can be directed to any of the 10 (or 4) outputs through a divider.
The internal structure of the clock generators can be found in [2].
The Si5345 is similar to the Si5341 with the addition of fractional input
dividers and automatic input selection, as described in [3].
The Si5342 and Si5344 are smaller versions of the Si5345, with 2 or 4 outputs.
The driver can be used in "as is" mode, reading the current settings from the
chip at boot, in case you have a (pre-)programmed device. If the PLL is not
configured when the driver probes, it assumes the driver must fully initialize
The device type, speed grade and revision are determined runtime by probing.
The driver currently does not support any fancy input configurations. They can
still be programmed into the chip and the driver will leave them "as is".
==I2C device node==
Required properties:
- compatible: shall be one of the following:
"silabs,si5340" - Si5340 A/B/C/D
"silabs,si5341" - Si5341 A/B/C/D
"silabs,si5342" - Si5342 A/B/C/D
"silabs,si5344" - Si5344 A/B/C/D
"silabs,si5345" - Si5345 A/B/C/D
- reg: i2c device address, usually 0x74
- #clock-cells: from common clock binding; shall be set to 2.
The first value is "0" for outputs, "1" for synthesizers.
The second value is the output or synthesizer index.
- clocks: from common clock binding; list of parent clock handles,
corresponding to inputs. Use a fixed clock for the "xtal" input.
At least one must be present.
- clock-names: One of: "xtal", "in0", "in1", "in2"
Optional properties:
- vdd-supply: Regulator node for VDD
- vdda-supply: Regulator node for VDDA
- vdds-supply: Regulator node for VDDS
- silabs,pll-m-num, silabs,pll-m-den: Numerator and denominator for PLL
feedback divider. Must be such that the PLL output is in the valid range. For
example, to create 14GHz from a 48MHz xtal, use m-num=14000 and m-den=48. Only
the fraction matters, using 3500 and 12 will deliver the exact same result.
If these are not specified, and the PLL is not yet programmed when the driver
probes, the PLL will be set to 14GHz.
- silabs,reprogram: When present, the driver will always assume the device must
be initialized, and always performs the soft-reset routine. Since this will
temporarily stop all output clocks, don't do this if the chip is generating
the CPU clock for example.
- silabs,xaxb-ext-clk: When present, indicates that the XA/XB pins are used
in EXTCLK (external reference clock) rather than XTAL (crystal) mode.
- interrupts: Interrupt for INTRb pin.
- silabs,iovdd-33: When present, indicates that the I2C lines are using 3.3V
rather than 1.8V thresholds.
- vddoX-supply (where X is an output index): Regulator node for VDDO for the
specified output. The driver selects the output VDD_SEL setting based on this
- #address-cells: shall be set to 1.
- #size-cells: shall be set to 0.
== Child nodes: Outputs ==
The child nodes list the output clocks.
Each of the clock outputs can be overwritten individually by using a child node.
If a child node for a clock output is not set, the configuration remains
Required child node properties:
- reg: number of clock output.
Optional child node properties:
- silabs,format: Output format, one of:
1 = differential (defaults to LVDS levels)
2 = low-power (defaults to HCSL levels)
- silabs,common-mode: Manually override output common mode, see [2] for values
- silabs,amplitude: Manually override output amplitude, see [2] for values
- silabs,synth-master: boolean. If present, this output is allowed to change the
multisynth frequency dynamically.
- silabs,silabs,disable-high: boolean. If set, the clock output is driven HIGH
when disabled, otherwise it's driven LOW.
/* 48MHz reference crystal */
ref48: ref48M {
compatible = "fixed-clock";
#clock-cells = <0>;
clock-frequency = <48000000>;
i2c-master-node {
/* Programmable clock (for logic) */
si5341: clock-generator@74 {
reg = <0x74>;
compatible = "silabs,si5341";
#clock-cells = <2>;
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <0>;
clocks = <&ref48>;
clock-names = "xtal";
silabs,pll-m-num = <14000>; /* PLL at 14.0 GHz */
silabs,pll-m-den = <48>;
silabs,reprogram; /* Chips are not programmed, always reset */
out@0 {
reg = <0>;
silabs,format = <1>; /* LVDS 3v3 */
silabs,common-mode = <3>;
silabs,amplitude = <3>;
* Output 6 configuration:
* LVDS 1v8
out@6 {
reg = <6>;
silabs,format = <1>; /* LVDS 1v8 */
silabs,common-mode = <13>;
silabs,amplitude = <3>;
* Output 8 configuration:
* HCSL 3v3
out@8 {
reg = <8>;
silabs,format = <2>;
silabs,common-mode = <11>;
silabs,amplitude = <3>;
some-video-node {
/* Standard clock bindings */
clock-names = "pixel";
clocks = <&si5341 0 7>; /* Output 7 */
/* Set output 7 to use syntesizer 3 as its parent */
assigned-clocks = <&si5341 0 7>, <&si5341 1 3>;
assigned-clock-parents = <&si5341 1 3>;
/* Set output 7 to 148.5 MHz using a synth frequency of 594 MHz */
assigned-clock-rates = <148500000>, <594000000>;
some-audio-node {
clock-names = "i2s-clk";
clocks = <&si5341 0 0>;
* since output 0 is a synth-master, the synth will be automatically set
* to an appropriate frequency when the audio driver requests another
* frequency. We give control over synth 2 to this output here.
assigned-clocks = <&si5341 0 0>;
assigned-clock-parents = <&si5341 1 2>;