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MPC5200 Device Tree Bindings
(c) 2006-2009 Secret Lab Technologies Ltd
Grant Likely <>
Naming conventions
For mpc5200 on-chip devices, the format for each compatible value is
<chip>-<device>[-<mode>]. The OS should be able to match a device driver
to the device based solely on the compatible value. If two drivers
match on the compatible list; the 'most compatible' driver should be
The split between the MPC5200 and the MPC5200B leaves a bit of a
conundrum. How should the compatible property be set up to provide
maximum compatibility information; but still accurately describe the
chip? For the MPC5200; the answer is easy. Most of the SoC devices
originally appeared on the MPC5200. Since they didn't exist anywhere
else; the 5200 compatible properties will contain only one item;
The 5200B is almost the same as the 5200, but not quite. It fixes
silicon bugs and it adds a small number of enhancements. Most of the
devices either provide exactly the same interface as on the 5200. A few
devices have extra functions but still have a backwards compatible mode.
To express this information as completely as possible, 5200B device trees
should have two items in the compatible list:
compatible = "fsl,mpc5200b-<device>","fsl,mpc5200-<device>";
It is *strongly* recommended that 5200B device trees follow this convention
(instead of only listing the base mpc5200 item).
ie. ethernet on mpc5200: compatible = "fsl,mpc5200-fec";
ethernet on mpc5200b: compatible = "fsl,mpc5200b-fec", "fsl,mpc5200-fec";
Modal devices, like PSCs, also append the configured function to the
end of the compatible field. ie. A PSC in i2s mode would specify
"fsl,mpc5200-psc-i2s", not "fsl,mpc5200-i2s". This convention is chosen to
avoid naming conflicts with non-psc devices providing the same
function. For example, "fsl,mpc5200-spi" and "fsl,mpc5200-psc-spi" describe
the mpc5200 simple spi device and a PSC spi mode respectively.
At the time of writing, exact chip may be either 'fsl,mpc5200' or
The soc node
This node describes the on chip SOC peripherals. Every mpc5200 based
board will have this node, and as such there is a common naming
convention for SOC devices.
Required properties:
name description
---- -----------
ranges Memory range of the internal memory mapped registers.
Should be <0 [baseaddr] 0xc000>
reg Should be <[baseaddr] 0x100>
compatible mpc5200: "fsl,mpc5200-immr"
mpc5200b: "fsl,mpc5200b-immr"
system-frequency 'fsystem' frequency in Hz; XLB, IPB, USB and PCI
clocks are derived from the fsystem clock.
bus-frequency IPB bus frequency in Hz. Clock rate
used by most of the soc devices.
soc child nodes
Any on chip SOC devices available to Linux must appear as soc5200 child nodes.
Note: The tables below show the value for the mpc5200. A mpc5200b device
tree should use the "fsl,mpc5200b-<device>","fsl,mpc5200-<device>" form.
Required soc5200 child nodes:
name compatible Description
---- ---------- -----------
cdm@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-cdm Clock Distribution
interrupt-controller@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-pic need an interrupt
controller to boot
bestcomm@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-bestcomm Bestcomm DMA controller
Recommended soc5200 child nodes; populate as needed for your board
name compatible Description
---- ---------- -----------
timer@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-gpt General purpose timers
gpio@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-gpio MPC5200 simple gpio controller
gpio@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-gpio-wkup MPC5200 wakeup gpio controller
rtc@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-rtc Real time clock
mscan@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-mscan CAN bus controller
pci@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-pci PCI bridge
serial@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-psc-uart PSC in serial mode
i2s@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-psc-i2s PSC in i2s mode
ac97@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-psc-ac97 PSC in ac97 mode
spi@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-psc-spi PSC in spi mode
irda@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-psc-irda PSC in IrDA mode
spi@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-spi MPC5200 spi device
ethernet@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-fec MPC5200 ethernet device
ata@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-ata IDE ATA interface
i2c@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-i2c I2C controller
usb@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-ohci,ohci-be USB controller
xlb@<addr> fsl,mpc5200-xlb XLB arbitrator
fsl,mpc5200-gpt nodes
On the mpc5200 and 5200b, GPT0 has a watchdog timer function. If the board
design supports the internal wdt, then the device node for GPT0 should
include the empty property 'fsl,has-wdt'. Note that this does not activate
the watchdog. The timer will function as a GPT if the timer api is used, and
it will function as watchdog if the watchdog device is used. The watchdog
mode has priority over the gpt mode, i.e. if the watchdog is activated, any
gpt api call to this timer will fail with -EBUSY.
If you add the property
fsl,wdt-on-boot = <n>;
GPT0 will be marked as in-use watchdog, i.e. blocking every gpt access to it.
If n>0, the watchdog is started with a timeout of n seconds. If n=0, the
configuration of the watchdog is not touched. This is useful in two cases:
- just mark GPT0 as watchdog, blocking gpt accesses, and configure it later;
- do not touch a configuration assigned by the boot loader which supervises
the boot process itself.
The watchdog will respect the CONFIG_WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT option.
An mpc5200-gpt can be used as a single line GPIO controller. To do so,
add the following properties to the gpt node:
#gpio-cells = <2>;
When referencing the GPIO line from another node, the first cell must always
be zero and the second cell represents the gpio flags and described in the
gpio device tree binding.
An mpc5200-gpt can be used as a single line edge sensitive interrupt
controller. To do so, add the following properties to the gpt node:
#interrupt-cells = <1>;
When referencing the IRQ line from another node, the cell represents the
sense mode; 1 for edge rising, 2 for edge falling.
fsl,mpc5200-psc nodes
The PSCs should include a cell-index which is the index of the PSC in
hardware. cell-index is used to determine which shared SoC registers to
use when setting up PSC clocking. cell-index number starts at '0'. ie:
PSC1 has 'cell-index = <0>'
PSC4 has 'cell-index = <3>'
PSC in i2s mode: The mpc5200 and mpc5200b PSCs are not compatible when in
i2s mode. An 'mpc5200b-psc-i2s' node cannot include 'mpc5200-psc-i2s' in the
compatible field.
fsl,mpc5200-gpio and fsl,mpc5200-gpio-wkup nodes
Each GPIO controller node should have the empty property gpio-controller and
#gpio-cells set to 2. First cell is the GPIO number which is interpreted
according to the bit numbers in the GPIO control registers. The second cell
is for flags which is currently unused.
fsl,mpc5200-fec nodes
The FEC node can specify one of the following properties to configure
the MII link:
- fsl,7-wire-mode - An empty property that specifies the link uses 7-wire
mode instead of MII
- current-speed - Specifies that the MII should be configured for a fixed
speed. This property should contain two cells. The
first cell specifies the speed in Mbps and the second
should be '0' for half duplex and '1' for full duplex
- phy-handle - Contains a phandle to an Ethernet PHY.
Interrupt controller (fsl,mpc5200-pic) node
The mpc5200 pic binding splits hardware IRQ numbers into two levels. The
split reflects the layout of the PIC hardware itself, which groups
interrupts into one of three groups; CRIT, MAIN or PERP. Also, the
Bestcomm dma engine has it's own set of interrupt sources which are
cascaded off of peripheral interrupt 0, which the driver interprets as a
fourth group, SDMA.
The interrupts property for device nodes using the mpc5200 pic consists
of three cells; <L1 L2 level>
L1 := [CRIT=0, MAIN=1, PERP=2, SDMA=3]
L2 := interrupt number; directly mapped from the value in the
"ICTL PerStat, MainStat, CritStat Encoded Register"
For external IRQs, use the following interrupt property values (how to
specify external interrupts is a frequently asked question):
External interrupts:
external irq0: interrupts = <0 0 n>;
external irq1: interrupts = <1 1 n>;
external irq2: interrupts = <1 2 n>;
external irq3: interrupts = <1 3 n>;
'n' is sense (0: level high, 1: edge rising, 2: edge falling 3: level low)
fsl,mpc5200-mscan nodes
See file Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/fsl/mpc5200.txt