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***************************************************************************
*
* README.win32
*
***************************************************************************
This guide describes building with Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 and higher, with
the gcc compiler from MinGW / MSYS, and with the gcc compiler from Cygwin.
As developers build with other Win32 environments, their notes will be
included here.
The remainder of this guide has the following sections :
Status as of 28-May-2004 for Win32 platforms
Interactions with Other Vendor's Products
Co-existence with Microsoft SNMP services
Installing Platform SDK
Microsoft Visual C++ - Overview
Microsoft Visual C++ - Configure / nmake - Building
Microsoft Visual C++ - Workspace - Building
Microsoft Visual C++ - Workspace - Building the Perl SNMP modules
Microsoft Visual C++ - Workspace - Installing
Microsoft Visual C++ - Building with OpenSSL
Microsoft Visual C++ - Building with IPv6
Microsoft Visual C++ - Building your own applications with snmplib
Microsoft Visual C++ - Extending the Agent
GCC on Windows
Cygwin - Building
MinGW - Building
MinGW - Building with OpenSSL
Configuring Net-SNMP
How to Register the Net-SNMP Agent and Trap Daemon as Windows services
Notes on SET support for WIN32 ports
Notes on preprocessor defines for MSVC, MinGW and Cygwin
Acknowledgements
***************************************************************************
*
* Status as of 28-May-2004 for Win32 platforms
*
***************************************************************************
All applications build with Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0, Microsoft Development
Environment 2003 (MSVC 7.0/7.1), gcc under Cygwin, and gcc under MinGW.
- All of the applications work
(snmpwalk, snmpget, snmpset, snmptrap, etc...).
- The system, snmp, ip, tcp, udp, icmp mibgroups function
(when agent is built using the snmpdsdk project).
- The Net-SNMP agent runs as an AgentX master agent or as subagent.
- smux is working.
- The target, notification, disman/mte groups compile but are not tested.
- The TCP/IPv6 and UDP/IPv6 transports compile but are not tested.
- Extending the agent to support enterprise-specific MIBs works.
- Running the agent on a non-standard UDP or TCP port works.
- Snmpd can be registered as a Windows NT/2000/XP service.
- Snmptrapd can be registered as a Windows NT/2000/XP service.
- Some build environments allow long pathnames that contain
embedded spaces. As this is not true for Cygwin "configure",
the documented example scripts will refer to "c:/usr"
as the base directory for installed Net-SNMP software.
The next subsection relates to items that are built using Visual Studio
- All Visual Studio project (.dsp) files are cleaned, and
a) Generate code to use Multi-Threaded DLL (/MD) "C" run-time library;
b) Provide the same preprocesor defines (WIN32,_CONSOLE,_MBCS);
c) Remove unnecessary references to GDI, ODBC, and "C" libraries;
d) Debug versions build source browsing and debugging information;
e) Provide consistent include search paths.
- Building netsnmp.dll is only supported for compiling libagent,
libhelpers, libsnmp_dll, libnetsnmptrapd and netsnmpmibs for use with
the Perl module. Using netsnmp.dll for other components is not
supported as the DLL does not prevent corruption of dynamically changing
shared data.
- All Debug and Release targets linked with libsnmp project targets
build without errors, and are fully functional.
- Both the Workspace graphical environment and command line nmake is
supported for building under MSVC.
***************************************************************************
*
* Interactions with Other Vendor's Products
*
***************************************************************************
- Install scripts etc are written assuming Windows NT / 2000 or higher
- Running the Net-SNMP Agent or trap receiver on Windows 95 or Win3.1
is not supported.
- Running the Net-SNMP Agent or trap receiver as a service on Windows 95
or Windows 98 is not supported.
- The Net-SNMP agent and trap receiver will fail to start if either
cannot bind to their connect port (161 for agent, 162 for trap receiver).
Check the Services panel to be sure no other SNMP program conflicts. See
the section titled 'Co-existence with Microsoft SNMP services' below.
- Running the Net-SNMP agent instead of the MS supplied one works
(at the loss of most of the functionality). See the section titled
'Co-existence with Microsoft SNMP services' below.
- The Net-SNMP agent does not use the MS SNMP.dll, therefore it cannot
run as an extensible part of the MS agent. It is possible to use a third
party proxy agent for the MS agent to 'proxy' requests to the Net-SNMP
agent listening on a different UDP port on the same machine.
- Snmptrapd does not "share" nor multiplex traps with SNMPTRAP.EXE,
a program that is available from Microsoft or ACE#COMM.
***************************************************************************
*
* Co-existence with Microsoft SNMP services
*
***************************************************************************
If the Microsoft SNMP agent service (SNMP Service) is running, the Net-SNMP
agent (snmpd) will fail to start as it will not be able to bind to the default
TCP/IP port of 161.
If the Microsoft SNMP Trap Receiver service is running, the Net-SNMP trap
receiver (snmptrapd) will fail to start as it will not be able to bind to the
default TCP/IP port of 162.
It is not a requirement to install the Net-SNMP agent (snmpd) or trap receiver
(snmptrapd). All the command line utilties such as snmpget.exe, snmpset.exe
and the Perl modules will work without the Net-SNMP services. All the
utilities will work against any SNMP agent.
The main benefit of running the Microsoft SNMP agent instead of the Net-SNMP
agent is that many Windows applications such as Microsoft SQL Server,
Microsoft Exchange etc, extend the Microsoft agent. Net-SNMP is NOT a drop
in replacement for the Microsoft agent. Running Net-SNMP in place of the
Microsoft agent will prevent the other applications from working with SNMP.
Also, the Net-SNMP agent does not contain as many MIBs as the Microsoft agent.
For example, as of August 2005, the HOST-RESOURCES (host) MIB is not yet
implemented in Net-SNMP.
There are many benefits of running the Net-SNMP agent instead of the Microsoft
such as you can extend the agent using various features found in snmpd.conf
such as pass and pass_persist (support for others are being added), you can
use SNMP v3, and there is more granular access control.
To allow both the Microsoft and Net-SNMP agent / trap receiver to run at the
same time, the default TCP/IP port must be changed on either the Microsoft or
Net-SNMP version of the application.
The Net-SNMP ports for snmpd and snmptrapd can be modified via snmpd.conf and
snmptrapd.conf or by using a command line option with each program. See the
Net-SNMP Help file for instructions on changing the port number.
The Microsoft services use the 'snmp' and 'snmptrap' entries in the SERVICES
file (%SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\etc\services) to determine the port to bind
the service to when the service starts. Simply modify the entries and restart
the affected services.
Note: Changing the default port the service listens on will prevent it from
accepting requests or receiving traps from standard SNMP devices and
management stations unless they have also been reconfigured to use the
new port numbers.
It is possible to configure Net-SNMP agent to listen on the default UDP port
(161), have the Microsoft agent listen on another port such as 1161, and have
Net-SNMP proxy (forward) requests to the Microsoft agent. This will allow you
to use the advanced features of Net-SNMP while still being able to query
the Microsoft agent and subagents. To this, follow these steps:
1. Change the port that the Microsoft agent listens on.
2. Configure the Microsoft agent to only accept requests from localhost.
This can be set in the Security tab for the SNMP service in Windows 2000+.
This is recommended to prevent users from querying the Microsoft agent
directly.
3. Add a r/c community string to the Microsoft agent. This can be set in
the Security tab for the SNMP service in Windows 2000+. This will give
Net-SNMP full SNMP access. User access can be restricted by Net-SNMP
as explained below.
4. Restart the Microsoft SNMP service.
5. Configure Net-SNMP to proxy requests to the Microsoft agent. To have it
forward ALL requests to the Microsoft agent, add the following line to
snmpd.conf:
proxy -v 1 -c public localhost:1161 .1.3
To only forward a section of the MIB tree such as the host section, use:
proxy -v 1 -c public localhost:1161 host
6. Start the Net-SNMP agent.
Notes: If Net-SNMP has built in support for an OID and the proxy statement
is not for a specific OID, then it will respond instead of proxying
the request. For example, if you proxy the 'system' tree and issue
an snmpget for sysDescr.0, Net-SNMP will respond with it's own
version of sysDescr.0 instead of forwarding it. To prevent Net-SNMP
from doing this, you must prevent the system MIB from being
initialized when snmpd.exe is started by specifying what MIBS to
initialize using the -I switch.
If you are forwarding everything to the Microsoft agent (.1.3),
start snmpd.exe using:
snmpd.exe -Ivacm_conf,proxy,pass,pass_persist
The above will enable proxy, pass and pass_persist support. See the
snmpd man page for more information on the -I switch.
If you are forwarding a section of the tree that is not immplemented
in Net-SNMP such as 'host', you do not need to use the -I switch as
Net-SNMP will forward the request. This may cause issues in the
future if newer versions of Net-SNMP implement the section of the
tree you are forwarding, such as the HOST-RESOURCES MIB.
The pass and pass_persist commands will work even if the entire
tree is proxied to the Microsoft Agent.
7. Test the agent. If you have forwarded the entire tree, issue an snmpget
for sysDescr.0. For example:
snmpget -v 1 -c public localhost sysDescr.0
The Microsoft agent will respond in a format similar to:
Hardware: x86 Family 15 Model 12 Stepping 0 AT/AT COMPATIBLE - Software:
Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195 Uniprocessor Free)
The Net-SNMP agent would normally respond in a format similar to:
Windows host1 5.0.2195 Service Pack 4 2000 Server x86 Family 15 Model 12
Stepping 0
If you had previously configured the Microsoft agent with multiple community
strings to restrict who can read and write to the OID tree, the security
settings should be transferred to snmpd.conf. For example, if the Microsoft
agent was configured with:
Community Rights
---------------------------------
public read
S3cur39876 read/write
Sn0wb0ard345 read/create
Add the following to snmpd.conf:
rocommunity public
rwcommunity S3cur39876
rwcommunity Sn0wb0ard345
It is possible to add more granular security using Net-SNMP. For example, to
restrict the public community string to only read the system tree, use:
rocommunity public 0.0.0.0 system
See the snmpd.conf man page for more information on configuring security.
***************************************************************************
*
* Installing Platform SDK
*
***************************************************************************
If you are compiling using Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0, it is recommended that
you install the Core Platform SDK (PSDK). Without the PSDK, some functionality
will be disabled such as the core elements of the mibII group of the agent
which use the "IP Helper API" (IPHLPAPI).
To determine what code is disabled when the PSDK is not used, search the
source code for HAVE_WIN32_PLATFORM_SDK.
The PSDK can be downloaded from:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/downloads/
as follows:
- Using Internet Explorer (Netscape / Mozilla won't work), go to the
above URL
- From the menu at the left, Click "Downloads by Topic";
From the main window, Click "Platform SDK".
- From the new window that appears, select "Core SDK".
- The full Core SDK is ~240Mb (expanding to ~560Mb on installation).
In fact, the only portion that's required is the basic "Build
Environment" (36Mb) So it's safe to deselect the pre-release version,
documentation, sample code and 64-bit elements.
- Once this package has installed, from the Start Menu run
"Programs ->Microsoft Platform SDK... -> Visual Studio Registration
->Register PSDK Directories with Visual Studio"
If you are compiling using any of the following systems, the PSDK download
is not necessary, as the required parts of the PSDK are included with the
installation of the compiler:
- Microsoft Development Environment 2002 (MSVC 7.0)
- Microsoft Development Environment 2003 (MSVC 7.1)
- Cygwin (gcc)
- MinGW (gcc)
In order for the process part of the host resources MIB to work under Windows
NT you will need to obtain PSAPI.DLL. This is available under the download
section of www.microsoft.com. The DLL is included with Windows 2000 and XP,
and is also part of the VC++ distribution.
If you are building Net-SNMP using Cygwin, go now to "Cygwin - Building".
If you are building Net-SNMP using MinGW, go now to "MinGW - Building".
Otherwise, see the Building section below.
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Overview
*
***************************************************************************
There are two ways to build Net-SNMP using Microsoft Visual C++. The first
and easiest method is using Configure and nmake on the command line, and the
second is using the Workspace files with the graphical interface.
To use nmake on the command line, the Configure script is run first to create
the various make files. Once they are created, nmake is used to build the
applications. Perl is required to use this method, as the Configure script
is written in Perl. ActiveState ActivePerl is available at:
http://www.activestate.com/Products/ActivePerl/
The make file system is based on and uses the directory structure of the
projects contained in the Workspace files which are described below. It is
recommended that you read and understand how the workspaces are configured
even if you will only be using the command line Configure / nmake system.
For the graphical interface, there are two main Win32 workspaces
('win32.dsw' and 'win32sdk.dsw'), containing more or less the same set
of projects, plus 'libdll.dsw' which contains a minimal set of projects
for use with the Perl module only.
Win32.dsw is for developers who have not installed the Platform SDK from
Microsoft's MSDN SDK Update site when using Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0.
Win32sdk.dsw is for those who have or who are using the Microsoft Development
Environment 2002/2003 (MSVC 7.0/7.1), Cygwin (gcc) or MinGW (gcc).
Libdll.dsw compiles a DLL version of snmplib (netsnmp.dll) which should
only be used for the Perl module. Using netsnmp.dll for other components
is not supported as the DLL does not prevent corruption of dynamically
changing shared data. Although the same problems can occur using the Perl
modules, the Perl modules will not function correctly without a shared
snmplib library or DLL.
There is one core development library ('libsnmp'), together with a number
of utility projects for the individual executable commands ('snmpget',
'snmpwalk', etc...). All of these projects require the .lib created by
the libsnmp project.
The agent requires the core library plus the other three library projects
('libagent', libhelpers' and either 'netsnmpmibs' or 'netsnmpmibssdk'
depending on which workspace is being used) together with the main agent
project (either 'snmpd' or 'snmpdsdk').
The final application project is the trap handler 'snmptrapd'. This also
requires the agent libraries ('libagent', 'libhelpers' and 'netsnmpmibs')
as well as the core development library.
There is a Debug version and Release version for each subproject.
This is so the Debug and Release versions of an application can be built and
tested separately.
Both VC++ 6.0 and 7.1 have been tested. Building with earlier Microsoft
compiler versions is no longer supported.
Note: Compiling Net-SNMP using MSVC 2003 .NET (MSVC 7.1) will add a
dependency of MSVCR71.DLL for NETSNMP.DLL and all applications.
Search msdn.microsoft.com for msvcr71.dll for more information
on distributing applications compiled with MSVC 2003 .Net.
OpenSSL is required to support the encryption capabilities in SNMPv3,
or SHA authentication.
Since the MSVC build environment does not natively use "configure" nor "make"
to generate the various pathnames that the programs require, the header files
need to be manually modified when using the graphical build system, and an
install script is provided. When using the Perl Configure / nmake system,
the header files are automatically modified and require no manual editing.
The projects are arranged so that ALL of the usable products, the .exe files,
are written to the win32\bin directory. The win32\lib directory is used only
to build the the files in the win32\bin directory. Once building is
completed, there is no further use for the files in the win32\lib directory.
Debug Information
-----------------
Note that VC++ 6.0 has options for debugging information - the 'Program
Database'. This option is set in the Project settings, C/C++ tab, 'General'
category, and is turned on by default during the conversion of the project
files. This option is not for use with a library, as it embeds debug
information into the library that references an external file that will
not be available to the linking application. If you get an error message
along the lines of 'debugging information not available in file vc60.pdb,
make sure the library debug option is set to 'Program Database' or "/Zi".
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Configure / nmake - Building
*
***************************************************************************
There are two ways to build Net-SNMP using the Configure / nmake system.
The first and easiest method is by running the win32\build.bat script. The
second is manually running Configure and nmake.
Note: Perl is required to use this method as the Configure script is
written in Perl. ActiveState ActivePerl is available at:
http://www.activestate.com/Products/ActivePerl/
Win32\build.bat script
======================
The build.bat script is an easy menu driven system that allows you to select
how Net-SNMP should be built, and where it should be installed. Follow these
steps to build using build.bat:
1. Open a command prompt
2. Initialize the Visual Studio build environment by running VCVARS32.bat
which can be found in the bin folder of your Visual Studio install folder.
3. Run win32\build.bat
4. The following screen will appear:
Net-SNMP build and install options
==================================
1. OpenSSL support: disabled
2. Platform SDK support: disabled
3. Install path: c:/usr
4. Install after build: enabled
5. Perl modules: disabled
6. Install perl modules: disabled
7. Quiet build (logged): enabled
8. Debug mode: disabled
9. IPv6 transports: disabled
10. Install development files disabled
F. Finished - start build
Q. Quit - abort build
Select option to set / toggle:
5. Toggle the options on and off as desired by typing the line number
followed by <enter>.
To compile with OpenSSL, the OpenSSL library and header files must
already be installed. See the section 'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building
with OpenSSL' for details.
To compile with the Platform SDK, the Platform SDK must already be
installed. See the section 'Installing Platform SDK' for details.
To use the IPv6 transports, you must be using Windows 98 or later.
If Quiet mode is enabled, all build activity is stored in various *.out
files inside of the win32 folder.
When you are ready to build, type f <enter>
6. Building will begin. Following is a sample screen shot of a quiet build:
Building...
Deleting old log files...
Running Configure...
Cleaning...
Building main package...
Installing main package...
Running Configure for DLL...
Cleaning libraries...
Building DLL libraries...
Installing DLL libraries...
Cleaning Perl....
Building Perl modules...
Testing Perl modules...
Installing Perl modules...
See perlmake.out for Perl test results
Done!
7. If the folder that Net-SNMP was installed to is ever changed, modify the
system environment variables or registry keys as explained in the
'Configuration_Overview.html' file located in win32/dist/htmlhelp.
Manual build using Configure / nmake
====================================
To build using nmake on the command line, the make files need to be generated
first by the Configure script. Following are sample steps to:
-enable Platform SDK support
-enable OpenSSL support
-enable debug mode
-build Net-SNMP
-install to 'c:\usr'
-compile the Perl modules
-test the Perl modules
-install the Perl modules
1. Open a command prompt
2. Initialize the Visual Studio build environment by running VCVARS32.bat
which can be found in the bin folder of your Visual Studio install folder.
3. Type (all on one line):
perl Configure --with-sdk --with-ssl --config=debug
--prefix="c:/usr"
4. The make files will be generated, and a configuration summary will appear:
---------------------------------------------------------
Net-SNMP configuration summary:
---------------------------------------------------------
Config type: debug
SDK: enabled
Link type: static
Prefix / Destdir: c:/usr
OpenSSL: enabled
5. Type:
nmake clean
nmake
nmake install
perl Configure --with-sdk --with-ssl --config=debug --linktype=dynamic
--prefix="c:/usr"
nmake libs_clean
nmake libs
nmake install
nmake perl_clean
nmake perl
nmake perl_test
nmake perl_install
For a complete list of Configure options, run:
perl Configure --help
For a complete list of possible build targets, after generating the make files
using Configure, run:
nmake help
Note: The Configure option --linktype=static (or not specifying a linktype)
will result in libsnmp being compiled and all other components being
statically linked to it.
The Configure option --linktype=dynamic will result in libsnmp_dll
(netsnmp.dll) being compiled and all other components being dynamically
linked to it.
Building netsnmp.dll is only supported for compiling libagent,
libhelpers, libsnmp_dll, libnetsnmptrapd and netsnmpmibs for use with
the Perl module. Using netsnmp.dll for other components is not
supported as the DLL does not prevent corruption of dynamically changing
shared data.
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Workspace - Building
*
***************************************************************************
The win32sdk.dsw workspace will build the agent that provides mib-II objects
for network interface layers, and the IP, ICMP, TCP and UDP tables. This
workspace requires the Platform SDK to be installed. Use the win32.dsw
workspace if you don't have or don't need these features. Note: Other
features may be disabled if the Platform SDK is not used. See the section
'Installing Platform SDK' for more information.
1. If SNMPv3 encryption capabilities or SHA authentication is required,
install the OpenSSL DLL and library file as described in the section
'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building with OpenSSL" and then continue with
step 2.
2. The default installation path is c:\usr. This folder will contain all
the binaries, MIB files, configuration files etc. To change the location,
the win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h file needs to be modified by changing
the INSTALL_BASE variable.
Note:
All paths in net-snmp-config.h use the "/" UNIX pathname delimiter.
If a drive letter is not specified, the current drive letter is assumed.
For example: #define INSTALL_BASE "c:/usr".
3. If you are using win32sdk, the Platform SDK must be enabled. Edit the
the win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h file and *change*:
/* #undef HAVE_WIN32_PLATFORM_SDK */
to:
#define HAVE_WIN32_PLATFORM_SDK 1
4. Build the applications
MS VC++ 6.0:
------------
a. Open win32.dsw or win32sdk.dsw.
b. Click "Build->Batch Build..."
c. Set Release and/or Debug in 'Project configurations' to suit.
d. Click "ReBuild All".
e. When building is done, View the Output window, clip and
save to a text file if there is some information to share.
f. Click "File->Close Workspace".
MS VC++ 7.0+:
-------------
a. Open win32.dsw or win32sdk.dsw.
b. Click "Yes to All" to convert the workspace
c. Click "Build->Configuration Manager" and select either Release or Debug for
'Active Solution Configuration' and click "Close"
d. Right-click the "libagent" project, and select "Rebuild"
e. Right-click the "libhelpers" project, and select "Rebuild"
f. Right-click the "libnetsnmptrapd" project, and select "Rebuild"
g. Right-click the "snmplib" project, and select "Rebuild"
h. Right-click the "netsnmpmibs(sdk)" project, and select "Rebuild"
i. Click "Build->Batch Build..."
j. Set Release and/or Debug in 'Project configurations' to suit making
sure libagent, libhelpers, libnetsnmptrapd, snmplib and netsnmpmibs are
NOT selected.
k. Click "Rebuild".
l. When building is done, View the Output window, clip and
save to a text file if there is some information to share.
m. Click "File->Close Solution".
5. If the Perl modules are required, continue with the next section:
'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building the Perl SNMP modules'.
Otherwise, continue with the section:
'Microsoft Visual C++ - Installing'
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Workspace - Building the Perl SNMP modules
*
***************************************************************************
The Perl modules should be compiled against the DLL version of snmplib.
Compiling against a static version is possible, but each module will
load it's own copy of the MIB, and sharing data between modules will
not be possible. For example, the conf module tests will fail.
1. Complete the section 'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building'. This will build
the static version of the applications.
Note: SNMPD.EXE and SNMPTRAPD.EXE are required for running the tests
against the SNMP Perl module.
2. Make a backup of the existing net-snmp-config.h which contains settings
for a static build of Net-SNMP:
Copy win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h to
win32\net-snmp\static-config.h.
3. Open win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h using a text editor.
4. *Change* the following line which is located near the top of the file:
/* #undef NETSNMP_USE_DLL */
*to*
#define NETSNMP_USE_DLL 1
5. Make a backup of the new net-snmp-config.h which contains settings
for a DLL build of Net-SNMP:
Copy win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h to
win32\net-snmp\dll-config.h.
6. Build the DLL
MS VC++ 6.0:
------------
a. Open libsdll.dsw.
b. Click "Build->Batch Build..."
c. Set Release and/or Debug in 'Project configurations' to suit.
d. Click "Clean". ** Do NOT skip this step. **
e. Click "Build->Batch Build..."
f. Click "ReBuild All".
g. When building is done, View the Output window, clip and
save to a text file if there is some information to share.
h. Click "File->Close Workspace".
MS VC++ 7.0+:
-------------
a. Open libsdll.dsw.
b. Click "Yes to All" to convert the workspace
c. Click "Build->Batch Build..."
d. Set Release and/or Debug in 'Project configurations' to suit.
e. Click "Clean". ** Do NOT skip this step. **
f. Click "Build->Batch Build..."
g. Click "Rebuild".
h. When building is done, View the Output window, clip and
save to a text file if there is some information to share.
i. Click "File->Close Solution".
7. Install Net-SNMP as described in the 'Microsoft Visual C++ - Installing'
section to install the applications, the DLL and the .lib files.
8. Continue with the Win32 section of the Perl README file located in
perl\SNMP\README.
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Workspace - Installing
*
***************************************************************************
The install script "win32\install-net-snmp.bat" should be run after a
build is successful. It copies the programs, MIB files, and development
components to an install directory named in the INSTALL_BASE variable.
1. Complete the section 'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building'.
2. Open win32\install-net-snmp.bat using a text editor.
The INSTALL_BASE variable must match the INSTALL_BASE compile constant
defined in "win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h", using these rules:
a. All paths in install-net-snmp.bat use the "\" DOS pathname delimiter.
Example: set INSTALL_BASE="c:\usr".
b. All paths in net-snmp-config.h use the "/" UNIX pathname delimiter.
If a drive letter is not specified, the current drive letter is
assumed.
Example: #define INSTALL_BASE "c:/usr".
Note: You may also modify "install-net-snmp.bat" in order to not install
the linking libraries, or the header files.
3. Open a command prompt window.
4. Cd to the base directory where this file README.win32 is located.
5. Run win32\install-net-snmp.bat to install the programs.
## sample output from install-net-snmp.bat
NOTE: Directory already exist messages are normal. If you are
not building with OpenSSL, then DLL not found messages
are normal.
C:\net-snmp-5.1.1> win32\install-net-snmp
Remember to run this script from the base of the source directory.
Creating "c:\usr" sub-directories
A subdirectory or file c:\usr already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\bin already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\etc\snmp already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\share\snmp\snmpconf-data
already exists
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\share\snmp\snmpconf-data\
snmp-data already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\share\snmp\snmpconf-data\
snmpd-data already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\share\snmp\snmpconf-data\
snmptrapd-data already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\lib already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\mibs already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\include already exists.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\include\net-snmp already
exists
.
A subdirectory or file c:\usr\include\ucd-snmp already
exists
.
Copying MIB files to "c:\usr"\mibs
Copying compiled programs to "c:\usr"\bin
Copying snmpconf files to "c:\usr"\share\snmp\snmpconf-
data\snmp-data
Copying link libraries to "c:\usr"\lib
Copying header files to "c:\usr"\include
Deleting debugging files from "c:\usr"
Copying DLL files to "c:\usr"
The system cannot find the file specified.
Done copying files to "c:\usr"
C:\net-snmp-5.1.1>
## END sample output from install-net-snmp.bat
6. Add the bin folder (c:\usr\bin in the above example) to
your system path.
7. Test the installation. For a simple test to see if Net-SNMP is working,
open a _new_ command prompt window, and type:
snmptranslate -IR -Td linkDown
8. If the folder that Net-SNMP was installed to is ever changed, modify the
system environment variables or registry keys as explained in the
'Configuration_Overview.html' file located in win32/dist/htmlhelp.
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Building with OpenSSL
*
***************************************************************************
OpenSSL is required to support the encryption capabilities in SNMPv3
(or SHA authentication). The win32 version of OpenSSL can be built
from the sources or you can download a pre-compiled version.
Building from source:
=====================
1. Install an assembler. If you do not have the M$ assembler installed (MASM)
you can get a free one(NASM) from:
http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/devel/nasm
2. Obtain the OpenSSL source from the link below. Follow instructions in
INSTALL.W32
ftp://ftp.openssl.org/source/
3. Once the OpenSSL libraries are built, you must copy them to the the MSVC
directory:
a. Copy folder inc32\openssl to the include folder of MSVC++
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003\
Vc7\include\openssl\*.h"
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\
VC98\include\openssl\*.h"
b. Copy file out32dll\libeay32.lib to the lib folder of MSVC++
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003\
Vc7\lib\libeay32.lib"
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\
VC98\lib\libeay32.lib"
c. Copy file out32dll\libeay32.dll to your %windir%\system32 folder
Example: "C:\winnt\system32\libeay32.dll"
Using a pre-compiled version
============================
1. Obtain the latest OpenSSL binary from the link below.
http://www.slproweb.com/products/Win32OpenSSL.html
2. Install the package to c:\OpenSSL.
3. Copy the header and library files to the the MSVC directory:
a. Copy folder c:\OpenSSL\include\openssl to the include folder of
MSVC++.
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003\
Vc7\include\openssl\*.h"
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\
VC98\include\openssl\*.h"
b. Copy file c:\OpenSSL\lib\VC\libeay32.lib to the lib folder of MSVC++.
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003\
Vc7\lib\libeay32.lib"
Example: "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\
VC98\lib\libeay32.lib"
Project changes
===============
1. Edit the win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h header file. Add:
#define USE_OPENSSL 1
2. Open Visual Studio, add the link line to the Project Settings
for all the applications, and especially for the libsnmp_dll project,
for as you know, a .DLL is an application.
You MUST do this for libsdll.dsw, and either win32.dsw or win32sdk.dsw,
whichever you use.
MS VC++ 6.0:
------------
a. Click Project->Settings.
b. Highlight the names of all projects except libsnmp, libagent, libhelpers,
libnetsnmptrapd, netsnmpmibs, netsnmpmibssdk.
c. Select the Link section.
d. Add the next line to the 'Object/Library Modules' list for Debug and
Release versions:
libeay32.lib
MS VC++ 7.0+:
-------------
a. For each project (except libsnmp, libagent, libhelpers, libnetsnmptrapd,
netsnmpmibs, netsnmpmibssdk), click Project->Properties.
b. For Configuration, select 'Release'
c. Click Linker and then Input
d. Add to the 'Additional Dependencies' section:
libeay32.lib
e. For Configuration, select 'Debug'
f. Click Linker and then Input
g. Add to the 'Additional Dependencies' section:
libeay32.lib
3. Continue with the section 'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building"
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Building with IPv6
*
***************************************************************************
The default build configuration supports SNMP over IPv4-based transports.
However, Windows XP and Windows 2000 include an IPv6-capable stack, which
can be used to provide SNMP over IPv6. This requires the following
changes to the Net-SNMP win32 Visual C++ configuration:
Project changes
===============
1. Edit the win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h header file. Change
the single INET6 line from:
/* #undef INET6 */
to:
#define INET6 1
2. Edit the win32\libsnmp_dll\libsnmp.def file. All the IPv6 functions will
be commented out and will need to be enabled by removing ';IPv6' from the
beginning of each line.
For example, change:
;IPv6 netsnmp_udp6_parse_security
to:
netsnmp_udp6_parse_security
3. Continue with the section 'Microsoft Visual C++ - Building"
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Building your own applications with snmplib
*
***************************************************************************
Linking in an snmplib built to use the Multithreaded DLL runtime library to
an application configured for the Debug Multithreaded DLL runtime library
results in a link error along the lines of 'defaultlib "MSVCRT" conflicts
with use of other libs'. If you receive a similar message, check that the
projects settings between library and application match up.
To successfully build your existing project with Net-SNMP libraries,
change the project settings FOR YOUR APPLICATION ONLY as follows:
1. In the Link section, Select "Additional Libraries".
Add netsnmp.lib for Release version.
Add netsnmp_d.lib for Debug version.
2. Remove all references to these libraries:
libsnmp*.lib msvcrt*.lib libc*.lib oldnames.lib
3. In the C++ section, Select "Code Generation".
For Release, select /MD or "MultiThreaded DLL".
For Debug, select /MDd or "Debug MultiThreaded DLL".
4. Make sure "Ignore all default libraries" is NOT SET.
5. Make sure "_MBCS" is included in your pre-processor defines.
Note: Some users may have better results compiling other packages that use
the installed header files by removing the "mode_t" definition from
net-snmp-config.h file in the installed directories.
***************************************************************************
*
* Microsoft Visual C++ - Extending the Agent
*
***************************************************************************
Assuming that the MIB compiler generated the my.h and my.c files for the
custom MIB "my", the following changes are required to extend the agent
using VC++:
- Add the my.h and my.c files to your 'netsnmpmibs' project in VC++.
- Next edit the '<sourcedir>\win32\mib_module_includes.h' file to
add an include to your .h file.
#include "mibgroup/my.h"
- Next edit the '<sourcedir>\win32\mib_module_inits.h' file to add
code to call your initialize function.
if (should_init("my")) init_my();
That's all that is needed. Now go ahead and compile the 'netsnmpmibs'
and 'snmpd' project. And things should work just fine.
***************************************************************************
*
* GCC on Windows
*
***************************************************************************
There are two versions of GCC (the GNU Compiler Collection) in common use on
Microsoft Windows operating systems. This section will attempt to point the
user to the information required to choose the one to best suit their needs.
Cygwin
The Cygwin compiler and toolkit provides a Unix style shell and environment
for Windows based systems. The cygwin1.dll provides a POSIX emulation layer
that simplifies porting Unix / Linux applications to Windows. The Cygwin dlls
are required if an application is to be distributed. The dependency on the
Cygwin dlls can be eliminated with the --mno-cygwin compiler flag, which uses
MinGW to compile a native Windows binary, but the benefit of the POSIX emulation
is lost. The Cygwin tool chain and documentation can be found at:
http://sources.redhat.com/cygwin/
MinGW
The MinGW compiler is a Windows native version of gcc. The tool chain links
against existing Windows dlls found on most systems. Binaries compiled with MinGW
do not require additional libraries to be distributed. The MSyS environment
provides a shell (Bash) and tools to emulate a Unix style build environment on
Windows. The MinGW and MSyS tools and documentation can be found at:
http://www.mingw.org
***************************************************************************
*
* Cygwin - Building
*
***************************************************************************
An alternate way to build Net-SNMP for win32 is to use Cygnus's cygwin32
environment. Information on the Cygnus cygwin32 environment is available
on the web at: http://sources.redhat.com/cygwin/.
Cygwin allows you to compile almost the complete agent and applications.
The following configure options creates a working set of programs:
./configure \
--with-mib-modules="host agentx disman/event-mib examples/example" \
--with-out-mib-modules=host/hr_network --with-libs="-lws2_32" \
If you want to use SNMPv3 auth and privacy features, add:
--with-openssl="/usr" \
If you want to use IPv6 transports, add:
--enable-ipv6 --with-transports="TCPIPv6 UDPIPv6"
Note: The source code should *not* be in a folder that contains a space. For
example, compiling in your 'My Documents' or your Desktop (usually
c:\Documents and Settings\xxxx\Desktop) is not supported.
This has been tested for Windows 98 and Windows NT 4.0. In order for
the process part of the host resources MIB to work under NT you will need
to get hold of the PSAPI.DLL. This available under the download section
of www.microsoft.com. The DLL is included with Windows 2000 and XP,
and is also part of the VC++ distribution. The IPHLPAPI library is
part of the "Microsoft Platform SDK", which is also available from
www.microsoft.com. See the section "Installing Platform SDK" for details.
Earlier releases of Cygwin may need to use the configure flag
--with-libs="-lregex -libphlpapi"
but this regular expression support has since been incorporated
into the main Cygwin package, and it is no longer necessary to
include it separately.
If the folder that Net-SNMP was installed to is ever changed, modify the
system environment variables or registry keys as explained in the
'Configuration_Overview.html' file located in win32/dist/htmlhelp.
***************************************************************************
*
* MinGW - Building
*
***************************************************************************
Currently the tools and agent will compile on win32 platforms using the
MinGW tools with the MSyS environment. MinGW, MSyS and the associated
documentation can be downloaded from: http://www.mingw.org.
Compiling net-snmp with MinGW requires GNU regex. A GNU regex package that
builds under MinGW with MSyS is available at:
http://www.boedog.com/net-snmp/gnu_regex/regex-0-12-mingw-r2.tar.gz
Note: The source code should *not* be in a folder that contains a space. For
example, compiling in your 'My Documents' or your Desktop (usually
c:\Documents and Settings\xxxx\Desktop) is not supported.
1. Build and install GNU regex following the instructions in the
regex-0-12-mingw-r2 README.
2. If SNMPv3 encryption capabilities or SHA authentication is required,
install the OpenSSL DLL and library file as described in the section
'MinGW - Building with OpenSSL" and then continue with step 3.
3. Determine where you want the programs to be installed. Currently
you must use path segments no longer than 8 characters, and no
embedded spaces are allowed. Due to limitations with Makefiles,
you must also specify the MIBDIRS default that corresponds to
a particular subtree from the base directory.
Note: All paths use the "/" UNIX pathname delimiter.
Also note that embedded spaces will NOT currently work
with MinGW configure. Use the DOS 8.3 form of the path,
For example: Say that you want to install the programs in
the directory "C:\usr".
Use BASEDIR=c:/usr
4. Configure net-snmp using the configure flags as shown:
BASEDIR=c:/usr
./configure --prefix="$BASEDIR" \
--with-mibdirs="$BASEDIR/share/snmp/mibs" \
--with-mib-modules="agentx disman/event-mib examples/example" \
[Sorry. the host resources MIB is not supported by MinGW]
4.1. If you want to use IPv6 transports, add:
--enable-ipv6 --with-transports="TCPIPv6 UDPIPv6" \
5. Type "make" to compile the package.
6. Type "make install" to install the package.
7. If the folder that Net-SNMP was installed to is ever changed, modify the
system environment variables or registry keys as explained in the
'Configuration_Overview.html' file located in win32/dist/htmlhelp.
***************************************************************************
*
* MinGW - Building with OpenSSL
*
***************************************************************************
OpenSSL is required to support the encryption capabilities in SNMPv3
(or SHA authentication). A pre-compiled MinGW compatible version of
OpenSSL is available on the Internet.
Follow these steps to install OpenSSL:
1. Obtain the latest OpenSSL binary from the link below.
http://www.slproweb.com/products/Win32OpenSSL.html
2. Install the package to c:\OpenSSL
3. Copy the header and library files to the the MinGW directory:
a. Copy the c:\OpenSSL\include\openssl folder to the include folder in
MinGW.
Example: "C:\MinGW\include\openssl\*.h"
b. Copy c:\OpenSSL\lib\MinGW\libeay32.* to the lib folder in Mingw.
Example: "C:\MinGW\lib\libeay32.a"
Example: "C:\MinGW\lib\libeay32.def"
4. Continue with the section 'MinGW - Building"
***************************************************************************
*
* Configuring Net-SNMP
*
***************************************************************************
Online documentation is available from the Net-SNMP home page at:
http://www.net-snmp.org/docs/
All configuration files should be placed in the INSTALL_BASE\etc\snmp folder.
The INSTALL_BASE folder is defined in the win32\net-snmp\net-snmp-config.h
file. For example, c:\usr\etc\snmp.
Included is a Perl script called snmpconf which can be used to create
configuration files. Full documentation on using snmpconf is available from the
Net-SNMP web site at the above link.
To run snmpconf, first modify snmpconf.bat located in the bin folder where
Net-SNMP is installed. Modify the set MYPERLPROGRAM= line to contain the full
path to the snmpconf Perl script. For example:
set MYPERLPROGRAM=c:\usr\bin\snmpconf
You can now run snmpconf using the standard command line such as:
snmpconf -i
For detailed information on using environment variables and the registry to
configure Net-SNMP, see the 'Configuration_Overview.html' file in
win32/dist/htmlhelp.
***************************************************************************
*
* How to Register the Net-SNMP Agent and Trap Daemon as Windows services
*
***************************************************************************
The Agent (snmpd.exe) and trap daemon (snmptrapd.exe) can be run as a service
under Windows operating systems that have the Service Control Manager (SCM)
(Services Control Panel). This includes Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003.
Windows 9x/Me do not have the SCM.
To allow snmpd.exe or snmptrapd.exe to run as a service, the programs need
to be registered with the SCM. This is done by running the program once with
the -register command line switch from a command prompt.
The synopsis for registering snmpd as a Windows service is:
snmpd -register [OPTIONS] [LISTENING ADDRESSES]
The synopsis for registering snmptrapd as a Windows service is:
snmptrapd -register [OPTIONS] [LISTENING ADDRESSES]
After registration, the services 'Net-SNMP Agent' and 'Net-SNMP Trap Handler'
will be available in the SCM. The services can be started and stopped using
the SCM (Services Control Panel) or from the command prompt using:
net start "Net-SNMP Agent"
net start "Net-SNMP Trap Handler"
and
net stop "Net-SNMP Agent"
net stop "Net-SNMP Trap Handler"
If any command line options are specified after the -register option, they
will be included when the service starts. For example, to register the
snmptrapd daemon and enable logging of traps to c:\usr\log\snmptrapd.log,
enter the following command line:
snmptrapd -register -Lf c:/usr/log/snmptrapd.log
Note: Use Unix style slashes (/) for all paths.
For a complete list of command line options, consult the man pages, or use
the -h switch:
snmpd -h
snmptrapd -h
Notes: -H will display all available snmpd.conf, snmptrapd.conf and snmp.conf
configuration file options, not the command line options.
Like all Net-SNMP applications, snmpd and snmptrapd will use the
SNMPCONFPATH and SNMPSHAREPATH environment variables when run as a
service. The registry is the recommended method for defining these
variables due to a limitation in the Windows Service Control Manager
(SCM). When running as a service, if any system environment variables
are changed, the system will need to be rebooted to allow the services
to access the changed environment variables (see Microsoft knowledge
base article 821761). Therefore, when running snmpd or snmptrapd as
a service, if SNMPCONFPATH or SNMPSHAREPATH is changed, a reboot will
be required after setting the environment variables, otherwise the
services may fail to start. Using the registry to store the environment
variables eliminates this problem. See the 'Configuration_Overview.html'
file in win32/dist/htmlhelp for more information on using the registry.
Unregistering the services
--------------------------
To un-register the services, use the command line switch -unregister. For
example:
snmpd -unregister
snmptrapd -unregister
Note: Be sure to have all Service Control Panel windows closed when
unregistering, otherwise a reboot may be required to complete
the removal.
Modifying the services
----------------------
To change the parameters that the SCM passes to snmpd or snmptrapd, the
service must be unregistered, and then re-registered with the new options.
For example, to change the parameters that SCM passes to snmpd, open a
command prompt window, CD to the directory where the snmpd program is located
(unless it is already in your PATH), identify the full set of parameters you
desire, then type these two commands:
snmpd -unregister
snmpd -register [OPTIONS] [LISTENING ADDRESSES]
Note: Be sure to have all Service Control Panel windows closed when
unregistering, otherwise a reboot may be required to complete
the removal.
Registry Information
--------------------
Warning: Improper use of the registry editor can damage to your operating
system and should only be used by experienced users.
The following registry keys are used by snmpd and snmptrapd:
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Net-SNMP Agent
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Net-SNMP Trap Handler
Each command line option specified when regsitering the service will be added
to the Parameters registry subkey for the service as a ParamX REG_SZ value
where X starts at 1 and increments for each additional command line option.
For example, '-Lf c:/usr/log/snmptrapd.log' would be:
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\
Net-SNMP Trap Handler\Parameters\Param1 -Lf
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\
Net-SNMP Trap Handler\Parameters\Param2 c:/usr/log/snmptrapd.log
To add additional command line switches or modify the existing ones, it is
recommended to unregister and re-register the services with the new command
line options. It is also possible to directly add or modify the ParamX values
in the registry.
Note: The Parameters key is only created when there is at least one command
line option specified when registering the service so it may need to be
manually added if modifying using the registry editor.
***************************************************************************
*
* Notes on SET support for WIN32 ports
*
***************************************************************************
Requirements:
Windows NT/2000/XP or later: Requires Windows NT 4.0 SP4 or later.
Windows 95/98/Me: Requires Windows 98 or later.
Windows support for SET on following groups:
interfaces:
----------
ifAdminStatus is read-write. Status can be set with either 'up' or
'down'. (IE, 'testing' status is not supported.)
ip group:
--------
Scalar objects:
ipForwarding:Currently windows supports only ON->OFF (IE,
enable->disable). For any other value, it returns with failure.
ipDefaultTTL: Supports value greater than or equal to 0.
Table objects:
-------------
1. ipRouteTable:
------------
route_write.c implements this.
ipRouteDest: Setting this value, updates row with new ipRouteDest and all other
entries will be same as old row.
EX:
Consider there is an entry with ipRouteDest = 10.0.0.20
Request, snmpset localhost private ip.ipRouteTable.ipRouteEntry.ipRouteDest.10.0.0.20 -a 10.0.0.16
Updates that row with ipRouteDest = 10.0.0.16
ipRouteIfIndex:Write supported.
ipRouteMetric1: Supports value greater than or equal to -1
ipRouteMetric2, ipRouteMetric3, ipRouteMetric4, ipRouteMetric5: Even though
call returns with success, Windows doesn't change these (as
these are not used in Windows)
ipRouteNextHop: Write supported.
ipRouteType: Write Supported. If value is 2, IE 'invalid', it deletes the entry.
ipRouteAge: Whenever any row is updated this will be automatically reset.
ipRouteMask: Write Supported.
Creation of ipRouteTable row:
-----------------------------
snmpset request for non existent OID with ipRouteIfIndex, ipRouteMetric1,
ipRouteNextHop and ipRouteMask varbinds, creates a row.
snmpset with create option is not supported, as row creation requires
ipRouteIfIndex, ipRouteMetric1, ipRouteNextHop and ipRouteMask in a single
request.
Example to create a row:
-----------------------
Consider there is no entry for 10.0.0.18
snmpset localhost private ip.ipRouteTable.ipRouteEntry.ipRouteIfIndex.10.0.0.18 i 2 4.21.1.ipRouteMask.10.0.0.18 a 255.255.255.255 4.21.1.ipRouteNextHop.10.0.0.0 a 10.0.0.0 4.21.1.ipRouteMetric1.10.0.0.18 i 1
If ipRouteIfIndex is valid then creates row with:
ipRouteIfIndex = 2
ipRouteMask = 255.255.255.255
ipRouteNextHop = 10.0.0.0
ipRouteMetric1 = 1
2. ipNetToMediaTable:
--------------------
ipNetToMediaIfIndex: write supported
ipNetToMediaPhysAddress: write supported
ipNetToMediaNetAddress: write supported
ipNetToMediaType: write supported, setting with value 2, deletes the row.
Creation of row:
--------------------
snmpset request for non existent OID with ipNetToMediaPhysAddress varbind
creates a row.
snmpset with create option is not supported, as row creation requires
ipNetToMediaPhysAddress in a request
request.
Example to create a row:
-----------------------
Consider there is no entry for 10.0.0.32
snmpset localhost private ip.ipNetToMediaTable.ipNetToMediaEntry.ipNetToMediaPhysAddress.2.10.0.0.32 x efcd12130103
If ipNetToMediaIfIndex is valid then creates row with:
ipNetToMediaIfIndex = 2
ipNetToMediaPhysAddress = ef:cd:12:12:01:03
ipNetToMediaNetAddress = 10.0.0.32
ipNetToMediaType = 4
TCP:
---
tcpConnState of tcpConnTable is writable and the only value which may
be set by a management station is deleteTCB(12)
***************************************************************************
*
* Notes on preprocessor defines for MSVC, MinGW and Cygwin
*
***************************************************************************
When adding Windows specific code, one or more of the following defines should
be used:
Define: Description:
------- ------------
WIN32 Defined by MSVC & MinGW
_MSC_VER Defined by MSVC only (standard MSVC macro)
mingw32 Defined by MinGW only
cygwin Defined by Cygwin only
HAVE_WIN32_PLATFORM_SDK Should be defined if the Microsoft Platform SDK is
installed and registered with MSVC or enabled for
MinGW or Cygwin
MinGW and Cygwin do not require the Microsoft Platform SDK as they both should
contain most if not all of the functionality provided by the SDK. When adding
code that requires the PSDK under MSVC, the following can usually be used:
#if defined (HAVE_WIN32_PLATFORM_SDK) || defined (mingw32) || defined (cygwin)
As listed above, Cygwin does NOT define WIN32. When adding generic Windows
code that will work with MSVC, MinGW and Cygwin, the following should be used:
#if defined (WIN32) || defined (cygwin)
***************************************************************************
*
* Acknowledgements
*
***************************************************************************
These people are known to have contributed to one or more of
the Win32 platform ports. If you have, and your name is not here,
please accept our apologies, and tell us so we can add your name.
David Perkins, Joe Marzot, Wes Hardaker, Niels Baggesen, Dave Shield,
Robert Story, Suvrit Sra, Mike Slifcak, Latha Prabhu, Nikolai Devereaux,
Alex Burger, Bernhard Penz, and Andy Smith.