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git-status - Show the working tree status
'git status' [<options>...] [--] [<pathspec>...]
Displays paths that have differences between the index file and the
current HEAD commit, paths that have differences between the working
tree and the index file, and paths in the working tree that are not
tracked by git (and are not ignored by linkgit:gitignore[5]). The first
are what you _would_ commit by running `git commit`; the second and
third are what you _could_ commit by running 'git add' before running
`git commit`.
Give the output in the short-format.
Show the branch and tracking info even in short-format.
Give the output in a stable, easy-to-parse format for scripts.
Currently this is identical to --short output, but is guaranteed
not to change in the future, making it safe for scripts.
Show untracked files.
The mode parameter is optional (defaults to 'all'), and is used to
specify the handling of untracked files; when -u is not used, the
default is 'normal', i.e. show untracked files and directories.
The possible options are:
- 'no' - Show no untracked files
- 'normal' - Shows untracked files and directories
- 'all' - Also shows individual files in untracked directories.
The default can be changed using the status.showUntrackedFiles
configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
Ignore changes to submodules when looking for changes. <when> can be
either "none", "untracked", "dirty" or "all", which is the default.
Using "none" will consider the submodule modified when it either contains
untracked or modified files or its HEAD differs from the commit recorded
in the superproject and can be used to override any settings of the
'ignore' option in linkgit:git-config[1] or linkgit:gitmodules[5]. When
"untracked" is used submodules are not considered dirty when they only
contain untracked content (but they are still scanned for modified
content). Using "dirty" ignores all changes to the work tree of submodules,
only changes to the commits stored in the superproject are shown (this was
the behavior before 1.7.0). Using "all" hides all changes to submodules
(and suppresses the output of submodule summaries when the config option
`status.submodulesummary` is set).
Terminate entries with NUL, instead of LF. This implies
the `--porcelain` output format if no other format is given.
The output from this command is designed to be used as a commit
template comment, and all the output lines are prefixed with '#'.
The default, long format, is designed to be human readable,
verbose and descriptive. They are subject to change in any time.
The paths mentioned in the output, unlike many other git commands, are
made relative to the current directory if you are working in a
subdirectory (this is on purpose, to help cutting and pasting). See
the status.relativePaths config option below.
In short-format, the status of each path is shown as
where `PATH1` is the path in the `HEAD`, and ` -> PATH2` part is
shown only when `PATH1` corresponds to a different path in the
index/worktree (i.e. the file is renamed). The 'XY' is a two-letter
status code.
The fields (including the `->`) are separated from each other by a
single space. If a filename contains whitespace or other nonprintable
characters, that field will be quoted in the manner of a C string
literal: surrounded by ASCII double quote (34) characters, and with
interior special characters backslash-escaped.
For paths with merge conflicts, `X` and 'Y' show the modification
states of each side of the merge. For paths that do not have merge
conflicts, `X` shows the status of the index, and `Y` shows the status
of the work tree. For untracked paths, `XY` are `??`. Other status
codes can be interpreted as follows:
* ' ' = unmodified
* 'M' = modified
* 'A' = added
* 'D' = deleted
* 'R' = renamed
* 'C' = copied
* 'U' = updated but unmerged
Ignored files are not listed.
X Y Meaning
[MD] not updated
M [ MD] updated in index
A [ MD] added to index
D [ M] deleted from index
R [ MD] renamed in index
C [ MD] copied in index
[MARC] index and work tree matches
[ MARC] M work tree changed since index
[ MARC] D deleted in work tree
D D unmerged, both deleted
A U unmerged, added by us
U D unmerged, deleted by them
U A unmerged, added by them
D U unmerged, deleted by us
A A unmerged, both added
U U unmerged, both modified
? ? untracked
If -b is used the short-format status is preceded by a line
## branchname tracking info
There is an alternate -z format recommended for machine parsing. In
that format, the status field is the same, but some other things
change. First, the '->' is omitted from rename entries and the field
order is reversed (e.g 'from -> to' becomes 'to from'). Second, a NUL
(ASCII 0) follows each filename, replacing space as a field separator
and the terminating newline (but a space still separates the status
field from the first filename). Third, filenames containing special
characters are not specially formatted; no quoting or
backslash-escaping is performed. Fourth, there is no branch line.
The command honors `color.status` (or `status.color` -- they
mean the same thing and the latter is kept for backward
compatibility) and `color.status.<slot>` configuration variables
to colorize its output.
If the config variable `status.relativePaths` is set to false, then all
paths shown are relative to the repository root, not to the current
If `status.submodulesummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
to -1 or an unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled for
the long format and a summary of commits for modified submodules will be
shown (see --summary-limit option of linkgit:git-submodule[1]).
Written by Junio C Hamano <>.
Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <>.
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite