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git-restore - Restore working tree files
'git restore' [<options>] [--source=<tree>] [--staged] [--worktree] <pathspec>...
'git restore' (-p|--patch) [<options>] [--source=<tree>] [--staged] [--worktree] [<pathspec>...]
Restore specified paths in the working tree with some contents from a
restore source. If a path is tracked but does not exist in the restore
source, it will be removed to match the source.
The command can also be used to restore the content in the index with
`--staged`, or restore both the working tree and the index with
`--staged --worktree`.
By default, the restore sources for working tree and the index are the
index and `HEAD` respectively. `--source` could be used to specify a
commit as the restore source.
See "Reset, restore and revert" in linkgit:git[1] for the differences
between the three commands.
-s <tree>::
Restore the working tree files with the content from the given
tree. It is common to specify the source tree by naming a
commit, branch or tag associated with it.
If not specified, the default restore source for the working tree is
the index, and the default restore source for the index is
`HEAD`. When both `--staged` and `--worktree` are specified,
`--source` must also be specified.
Interactively select hunks in the difference between the
restore source and the restore location. See the ``Interactive
Mode'' section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate
the `--patch` mode.
Note that `--patch` can accept no pathspec and will prompt to restore
all modified paths.
Specify the restore location. If neither option is specified,
by default the working tree is restored. Specifying `--staged`
will only restore the index. Specifying both restores both.
Quiet, suppress feedback messages. Implies `--no-progress`.
Progress status is reported on the standard error stream
by default when it is attached to a terminal, unless `--quiet`
is specified. This flag enables progress reporting even if not
attached to a terminal, regardless of `--quiet`.
When restoring files in the working tree from the index, use
stage #2 ('ours') or #3 ('theirs') for unmerged paths.
Note that during `git rebase` and `git pull --rebase`, 'ours' and
'theirs' may appear swapped. See the explanation of the same options
in linkgit:git-checkout[1] for details.
When restoring files on the working tree from the index,
recreate the conflicted merge in the unmerged paths.
The same as `--merge` option above, but changes the way the
conflicting hunks are presented, overriding the
`merge.conflictStyle` configuration variable. Possible values
are "merge" (default) and "diff3" (in addition to what is
shown by "merge" style, shows the original contents).
When restoring files on the working tree from the index, do
not abort the operation if there are unmerged entries and
neither `--ours`, `--theirs`, `--merge` or `--conflict` is
specified. Unmerged paths on the working tree are left alone.
In sparse checkout mode, by default is to only update entries
matched by `<pathspec>` and sparse patterns in
$GIT_DIR/info/sparse-checkout. This option ignores the sparse
patterns and unconditionally restores any files in
In overlay mode, the command never removes files when
restoring. In no-overlay mode, tracked files that do not
appear in the `--source` tree are removed, to make them match
`<tree>` exactly. The default is no-overlay mode.
The following sequence switches to the `master` branch, reverts the
`Makefile` to two revisions back, deletes hello.c by mistake, and gets
it back from the index.
$ git switch master
$ git restore --source master~2 Makefile <1>
$ rm -f hello.c
$ git restore hello.c <2>
<1> take a file out of another commit
<2> restore hello.c from the index
If you want to restore _all_ C source files to match the version in
the index, you can say
$ git restore '*.c'
Note the quotes around `*.c`. The file `hello.c` will also be
restored, even though it is no longer in the working tree, because the
file globbing is used to match entries in the index (not in the
working tree by the shell).
To restore all files in the current directory
$ git restore .
or to restore all working tree files with 'top' pathspec magic (see
$ git restore :/
To restore a file in the index to match the version in `HEAD` (this is
the same as using linkgit:git-reset[1])
$ git restore --staged hello.c
or you can restore both the index and the working tree (this the same
as using linkgit:git-checkout[1])
$ git restore --source=HEAD --staged --worktree hello.c
or the short form which is more practical but less readable:
$ git restore -s@ -SW hello.c
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite