blob: 319ab4cb086874da5e2f153d69d8f9af1f18461e [file] [log] [blame]
git-cat-file - Provide content or type and size information for repository objects
'git cat-file' (-t [--allow-unknown-type]| -s [--allow-unknown-type]| -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) [--follow-symlinks] < <list-of-objects>
In its first form, the command provides the content or the type of an object in
the repository. The type is required unless '-t' or '-p' is used to find the
object type, or '-s' is used to find the object size, or '--textconv' is used
(which implies type "blob").
In the second form, a list of objects (separated by linefeeds) is provided on
stdin, and the SHA-1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout.
The name of the object to show.
For a more complete list of ways to spell object names, see
the "SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
Instead of the content, show the object type identified by
Instead of the content, show the object size identified by
Suppress all output; instead exit with zero status if <object>
exists and is a valid object.
Pretty-print the contents of <object> based on its type.
Typically this matches the real type of <object> but asking
for a type that can trivially be dereferenced from the given
<object> is also permitted. An example is to ask for a
"tree" with <object> being a commit object that contains it,
or to ask for a "blob" with <object> being a tag object that
points at it.
Show the content as transformed by a textconv filter. In this case,
<object> has be of the form <tree-ish>:<path>, or :<path> in order
to apply the filter to the content recorded in the index at <path>.
Print object information and contents for each object provided
on stdin. May not be combined with any other options or arguments.
See the section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
Print object information for each object provided on stdin. May
not be combined with any other options or arguments. See the
section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
Allow -s or -t to query broken/corrupt objects of unknown type.
With --batch or --batch-check, follow symlinks inside the
repository when requesting objects with extended SHA-1
expressions of the form tree-ish:path-in-tree. Instead of
providing output about the link itself, provide output about
the linked-to object. If a symlink points outside the
tree-ish (e.g. a link to /foo or a root-level link to ../foo),
the portion of the link which is outside the tree will be
This option does not (currently) work correctly when an object in the
index is specified (e.g. `:link` instead of `HEAD:link`) rather than
one in the tree.
This option cannot (currently) be used unless `--batch` or
`--batch-check` is used.
For example, consider a git repository containing:
f: a file containing "hello\n"
link: a symlink to f
dir/link: a symlink to ../f
plink: a symlink to ../f
alink: a symlink to /etc/passwd
For a regular file `f`, `echo HEAD:f | git cat-file --batch` would print
ce013625030ba8dba906f756967f9e9ca394464a blob 6
And `echo HEAD:link | git cat-file --batch --follow-symlinks` would
print the same thing, as would `HEAD:dir/link`, as they both point at
Without `--follow-symlinks`, these would print data about the symlink
itself. In the case of `HEAD:link`, you would see
4d1ae35ba2c8ec712fa2a379db44ad639ca277bd blob 1
Both `plink` and `alink` point outside the tree, so they would
respectively print:
symlink 4
symlink 11
If '-t' is specified, one of the <type>.
If '-s' is specified, the size of the <object> in bytes.
If '-e' is specified, no output.
If '-p' is specified, the contents of <object> are pretty-printed.
If <type> is specified, the raw (though uncompressed) contents of the <object>
will be returned.
If `--batch` or `--batch-check` is given, `cat-file` will read objects
from stdin, one per line, and print information about them. By default,
the whole line is considered as an object, as if it were fed to
You can specify the information shown for each object by using a custom
`<format>`. The `<format>` is copied literally to stdout for each
object, with placeholders of the form `%(atom)` expanded, followed by a
newline. The available atoms are:
The 40-hex object name of the object.
The type of of the object (the same as `cat-file -t` reports).
The size, in bytes, of the object (the same as `cat-file -s`
The size, in bytes, that the object takes up on disk. See the
note about on-disk sizes in the `CAVEATS` section below.
If the object is stored as a delta on-disk, this expands to the
40-hex sha1 of the delta base object. Otherwise, expands to the
null sha1 (40 zeroes). See `CAVEATS` below.
If this atom is used in the output string, input lines are split
at the first whitespace boundary. All characters before that
whitespace are considered to be the object name; characters
after that first run of whitespace (i.e., the "rest" of the
line) are output in place of the `%(rest)` atom.
If no format is specified, the default format is `%(objectname)
%(objecttype) %(objectsize)`.
If `--batch` is specified, the object information is followed by the
object contents (consisting of `%(objectsize)` bytes), followed by a
For example, `--batch` without a custom format would produce:
<sha1> SP <type> SP <size> LF
<contents> LF
Whereas `--batch-check='%(objectname) %(objecttype)'` would produce:
<sha1> SP <type> LF
If a name is specified on stdin that cannot be resolved to an object in
the repository, then `cat-file` will ignore any custom format and print:
<object> SP missing LF
If --follow-symlinks is used, and a symlink in the repository points
outside the repository, then `cat-file` will ignore any custom format
and print:
symlink SP <size> LF
<symlink> LF
The symlink will either be absolute (beginning with a /), or relative
to the tree root. For instance, if dir/link points to ../../foo, then
<symlink> will be ../foo. <size> is the size of the symlink in bytes.
If --follow-symlinks is used, the following error messages will be
<object> SP missing LF
is printed when the initial symlink requested does not exist.
dangling SP <size> LF
<object> LF
is printed when the initial symlink exists, but something that
it (transitive-of) points to does not.
loop SP <size> LF
<object> LF
is printed for symlink loops (or any symlinks that
require more than 40 link resolutions to resolve).
notdir SP <size> LF
<object> LF
is printed when, during symlink resolution, a file is used as a
directory name.
Note that the sizes of objects on disk are reported accurately, but care
should be taken in drawing conclusions about which refs or objects are
responsible for disk usage. The size of a packed non-delta object may be
much larger than the size of objects which delta against it, but the
choice of which object is the base and which is the delta is arbitrary
and is subject to change during a repack.
Note also that multiple copies of an object may be present in the object
database; in this case, it is undefined which copy's size or delta base
will be reported.
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite