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directory listing API
The directory listing API is used to enumerate paths in the work tree,
optionally taking `.git/info/exclude` and `.gitignore` files per
directory into account.
Data structure
`struct dir_struct` structure is used to pass directory traversal
options to the library and to record the paths discovered. A single
`struct dir_struct` is used regardless of whether or not the traversal
recursively descends into subdirectories.
The notable options are:
The name of the file to be read in each directory for excluded
files (typically `.gitignore`).
A bit-field of options:
Return just ignored files in `entries[]`, not untracked
files. This flag is mutually exclusive with
Similar to `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED`, but return ignored files in
`ignored[]` in addition to untracked files in
`entries[]`. This flag is mutually exclusive with
Only has meaning if `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO` is also set; if this is set, the
untracked contents of untracked directories are also returned in
Only has meaning if `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO` is also set; if
this is set, returns ignored files and directories that match
an exclude pattern. If a directory matches an exclude pattern,
then the directory is returned and the contained paths are
not. A directory that does not match an exclude pattern will
not be returned even if all of its contents are ignored. In
this case, the contents are returned as individual entries.
If this is set, files and directories that explicity match an ignore
pattern are reported. Implicity ignored directories (directories that
do not match an ignore pattern, but whose contents are all ignored)
are not reported, instead all of the contents are reported.
Special mode for git-add. Return ignored files in `ignored[]` and
untracked files in `entries[]`. Only returns ignored files that match
pathspec exactly (no wildcards). Does not recurse into ignored
Include a directory that is not tracked.
Do not include a directory that is not tracked and is empty.
If set, recurse into a directory that looks like a Git
directory. Otherwise it is shown as a directory.
The result of the enumeration is left in these fields:
An array of `struct dir_entry`, each element of which describes
a path.
The number of members in `entries[]` array.
Internal use; keeps track of allocation of `entries[]` array.
An array of `struct dir_entry`, used for ignored paths with the
The number of members in `ignored[]` array.
Calling sequence
Note: index may be looked at for .gitignore files that are CE_SKIP_WORKTREE
marked. If you to exclude files, make sure you have loaded index first.
* Prepare `struct dir_struct dir` and clear it with `memset(&dir, 0,
* To add single exclude pattern, call `add_exclude_list()` and then
* To add patterns from a file (e.g. `.git/info/exclude`), call
`add_excludes_from_file()` , and/or set `dir.exclude_per_dir`. A
short-hand function `setup_standard_excludes()` can be used to set
up the standard set of exclude settings.
* Set options described in the Data Structure section above.
* Call `read_directory()`.
* Use `dir.entries[]`.
* Call `clear_directory()` when none of the contained elements are no longer in use.