Merge branch 'maint-1.7.7' into maint

* maint-1.7.7:
  Git 1.7.7.6
  diff-index: enable recursive pathspec matching in unpack_trees

Conflicts:
	GIT-VERSION-GEN
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 5a340fd..304b31e 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -1,9 +1,9 @@
 MAN1_TXT= \
 	$(filter-out $(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
 		$(wildcard git-*.txt)) \
-	gitk.txt git.txt
+	gitk.txt gitweb.txt git.txt
 MAN5_TXT=gitattributes.txt gitignore.txt gitmodules.txt githooks.txt \
-	gitrepository-layout.txt
+	gitrepository-layout.txt gitweb.conf.txt
 MAN7_TXT=gitcli.txt gittutorial.txt gittutorial-2.txt \
 	gitcvs-migration.txt gitcore-tutorial.txt gitglossary.txt \
 	gitdiffcore.txt gitnamespaces.txt gitrevisions.txt gitworkflows.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..33dc948
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+Git v1.7.8.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8
+------------------
+
+ * In some codepaths (notably, checkout and merge), the ignore patterns
+   recorded in $GIT_DIR/info/exclude were not honored. They now are.
+
+ * "git apply --check" did not error out when given an empty input
+   without any patch.
+
+ * "git archive" mistakenly allowed remote clients to ask for commits
+   that are not at the tip of any ref.
+
+ * "git checkout" and "git merge" treated in-tree .gitignore and exclude
+   file in $GIT_DIR/info/ directory inconsistently when deciding which
+   untracked files are ignored and expendable.
+
+ * LF-to-CRLF streaming filter used when checking out a large-ish blob
+   fell into an infinite loop with a rare input.
+
+ * The function header pattern for files with "diff=cpp" attribute did
+   not consider "type *funcname(type param1,..." as the beginning of a
+   function.
+
+ * The error message from "git diff" and "git status" when they fail
+   to inspect changes in submodules did not report which submodule they
+   had trouble with.
+
+ * After fetching from a remote that has very long refname, the reporting
+   output could have corrupted by overrunning a static buffer.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" avoids creating cyclic dependencies among deltas
+   when seeing a broken packfile that records the same object in both
+   the deflated form and as a delta.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e74f4ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+Git v1.7.8.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Porcelain commands like "git reset" did not distinguish deletions
+   and type-changes from ordinary modification, and reported them with
+   the same 'M' moniker. They now use 'D' (for deletion) and 'T' (for
+   type-change) to match "git status -s" and "git diff --name-status".
+
+ * The configuration file parser used for sizes (e.g. bigFileThreshold)
+   did not correctly interpret 'g' suffix.
+
+ * The replacement implemention for snprintf used on platforms with
+   native snprintf that is broken did not use va_copy correctly.
+
+ * LF-to-CRLF streaming filter replaced all LF with CRLF, which might
+   be techinically correct but not friendly to people who are trying
+   to recover from earlier mistakes of using CRLF in the repository
+   data in the first place. It now refrains from doing so for LF that
+   follows a CR.
+
+ * git native connection going over TCP (not over SSH) did not set
+   SO_KEEPALIVE option which failed to receive link layer errors.
+
+ * "git branch -m <current branch> HEAD" is an obvious no-op but was not
+   allowed.
+
+ * "git checkout -m" did not recreate the conflicted state in a "both
+   sides added, without any common ancestor version" conflict
+   situation.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick $commit" (not a range) created an unnecessary
+   sequencer state and interfered with valid workflow to use the
+   command during a session to cherry-pick multiple commits.
+
+ * You could make "git commit" segfault by giving the "--no-message"
+   option.
+
+ * "fast-import" did not correctly update an existing notes tree,
+   possibly corrupting the fan-out.
+
+ * "git fetch-pack" accepted unqualified refs that do not begin with
+   refs/ by mistake and compensated it by matching the refspec with
+   tail-match, which was doubly wrong. This broke fetching from a
+   repository with a funny named ref "refs/foo/refs/heads/master" and a
+   'master' branch with "git fetch-pack refs/heads/master", as the
+   command incorrectly considered the former a "match".
+
+ * "git log --follow" did not honor the rename threshold score given
+   with the -M option (e.g. "-M50%").
+
+ * "git mv" gave suboptimal error/warning messages when it overwrites
+   target files. It also did not pay attention to "-v" option.
+
+ * Authenticated "git push" over dumb HTTP were broken with a recent
+   change and failed without asking for password when username is
+   given.
+
+ * "git push" to an empty repository over HTTP were broken with a
+   recent change to the ref handling.
+
+ * "git push -v" forgot how to be verbose by mistake. It now properly
+   becomes verbose when asked to.
+
+ * When a "reword" action in "git rebase -i" failed to run "commit --amend",
+   we did not give the control back to the user to resolve the situation, and
+   instead kept the original commit log message.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a92714c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+Git v1.7.8.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.2
+--------------------
+
+ * Attempt to fetch from an empty file pretending it to be a bundle did
+   not error out correctly.
+
+ * gitweb did not correctly fall back to configured $fallback_encoding
+   that is not 'latin1'.
+
+ * "git clone --depth $n" did not catch a non-number given as $n as an
+   error.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c21fc99
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+Git v1.7.8.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The code to look up attributes for paths reused entries from a wrong
+   directory when two paths in question are in adjacent directories and
+   the name of the one directory is a prefix of the other.
+
+ * When producing a "thin pack" (primarily used in bundles and smart
+   HTTP transfers) out of a fully packed repository, we unnecessarily
+   avoided sending recent objects as a delta against objects we know
+   the other side has.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not properly treat sendemail.multiedit as a
+   boolean (e.g. setting it to "false" did not turn it off).
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b4d90bb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,161 @@
+Git v1.7.8 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.7
+--------------------
+
+ * Some git-svn, git-gui, git-p4 (in contrib) and msysgit updates.
+
+ * Updates to bash completion scripts.
+
+ * The build procedure has been taught to take advantage of computed
+   dependency automatically when the complier supports it.
+
+ * The date parser now accepts timezone designators that lack minutes
+   part and also has a colon between "hh:mm".
+
+ * The contents of the /etc/mailname file, if exists, is used as the
+   default value of the hostname part of the committer/author e-mail.
+
+ * "git am" learned how to read from patches generated by Hg.
+
+ * "git archive" talking with a remote repository can report errors
+   from the remote side in a more informative way.
+
+ * "git branch" learned an explicit --list option to ask for branches
+   listed, optionally with a glob matching pattern to limit its output.
+
+ * "git check-attr" learned "--cached" option to look at .gitattributes
+   files from the index, not from the working tree.
+
+ * Variants of "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" that take multiple
+   commits learned to "--continue" and "--abort".
+
+ * "git daemon" gives more human readble error messages to clients
+   using ERR packets when appropriate.
+
+ * Errors at the network layer is logged by "git daemon".
+
+ * "git diff" learned "--minimal" option to spend extra cycles to come
+   up with a minimal patch output.
+
+ * "git diff" learned "--function-context" option to show the whole
+   function as context that was affected by a change.
+
+ * "git difftool" can be told to skip launching the tool for a path by
+   answering 'n' to its prompt.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned to honor transfer.fsckobjects configuration to
+   validate the objects that were received from the other end, just like
+   "git receive-pack" (the receiving end of "git push") does.
+
+ * "git fetch" makes sure that the set of objects it received from the
+   other end actually completes the history before updating the refs.
+   "git receive-pack" (the receiving end of "git push") learned to do the
+   same.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned that fetching/cloning from a regular file on the
+   filesystem is not necessarily a request to unpack a bundle file; the
+   file could be ".git" with "gitdir: <path>" in it.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" learned "%(contents:subject)", "%(contents:body)"
+   and "%(contents:signature)". The last one is useful for signed tags.
+
+ * "git grep" used to incorrectly pay attention to .gitignore files
+   scattered in the directory it was working in even when "--no-index"
+   option was used. It no longer does this. The "--exclude-standard"
+   option needs to be given to explicitly activate the ignore
+   mechanism.
+
+ * "git grep" learned "--untracked" option, where given patterns are
+    searched in untracked (but not ignored) files as well as tracked
+    files in the working tree, so that matches in new but not yet
+    added files do not get missed.
+
+ * The recursive merge backend no longer looks for meaningless
+   existing merges in submodules unless in the outermost merge.
+
+ * "git log" and friends learned "--children" option.
+
+ * "git ls-remote" learned to respond to "-h"(elp) requests.
+
+ * "mediawiki" remote helper can interact with (surprise!) MediaWiki
+   with "git fetch" & "git push".
+
+ * "git merge" learned the "--edit" option to allow users to edit the
+   merge commit log message.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" can be told to use special purpose editor suitable
+   only for its insn sheet via sequence.editor configuration variable.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned to respond to "-h"(elp) requests.
+
+ * "git send-email" allows the value given to sendemail.aliasfile to begin
+   with "~/" to refer to the $HOME directory.
+
+ * "git send-email" forces use of Authen::SASL::Perl to work around
+   issues between Authen::SASL::Cyrus and AUTH PLAIN/LOGIN.
+
+ * "git stash" learned "--include-untracked" option to stash away
+   untracked/ignored cruft from the working tree.
+
+ * "git submodule clone" does not leak an error message to the UI
+   level unnecessarily anymore.
+
+ * "git submodule update" learned to honor "none" as the value for
+   submodule.<name>.update to specify that the named submodule should
+   not be checked out by default.
+
+ * When populating a new submodule directory with "git submodule init",
+   the $GIT_DIR metainformation directory for submodules is created inside
+   $GIT_DIR/modules/<name>/ directory of the superproject and referenced
+   via the gitfile mechanism. This is to make it possible to switch
+   between commits in the superproject that has and does not have the
+   submodule in the tree without re-cloning.
+
+ * "gitweb" leaked unescaped control characters from syntax hiliter
+   outputs.
+
+ * "gitweb" can be told to give custom string at the end of the HTML
+   HEAD element.
+
+ * "gitweb" now has its own manual pages.
+
+
+Also contains other documentation updates and minor code cleanups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all fixes in the 1.7.7.X maintenance track are
+included in this release.
+
+ * HTTP transport did not use pushurl correctly, and also did not tell
+   what host it is trying to authenticate with when asking for
+   credentials.
+   (merge deba493 jk/http-auth later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" was aborted if started from an uncommitted content and
+   the path had the textconv filter in effect.
+   (merge 8518088 ss/blame-textconv-fake-working-tree later to maint).
+
+ * Adding many refs to the local repository in one go (e.g. "git fetch"
+   that fetches many tags) and looking up a ref by name in a repository
+   with too many refs were unnecessarily slow.
+   (merge 17d68a54d jp/get-ref-dir-unsorted later to maint).
+
+ * Report from "git commit" on untracked files was confused under
+   core.ignorecase option.
+   (merge 395c7356 jk/name-hash-dirent later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge" did not understand ":/<pattern>" as a way to name a commit.
+
+ " "git push" on the receiving end used to call post-receive and post-update
+   hooks for attempted removal of non-existing refs.
+   (merge 160b81ed ph/push-to-delete-nothing later to maint).
+
+ * Help text for "git remote set-url" and "git remote set-branches"
+   were misspelled.
+   (merge c49904e fc/remote-seturl-usage-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 656cdf0 jc/remote-setbranches-usage-fix later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index e76195a..d4a51da 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -117,5 +117,4 @@
 take effect.
 
 -h::
---help::
 	Show help message.
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 3bcf660..9fba453 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -45,9 +45,10 @@
 You can have `[section]` if you have `[section "subsection"]`, but you
 don't need to.
 
-There is also a case insensitive alternative `[section.subsection]` syntax.
-In this syntax, subsection names follow the same restrictions as for section
-names.
+There is also a deprecated `[section.subsection]` syntax. With this
+syntax, the subsection name is converted to lower-case and is also
+compared case sensitively. These subsection names follow the same
+restrictions as section names.
 
 All the other lines (and the remainder of the line after the section
 header) are recognized as setting variables, in the form
@@ -114,35 +115,32 @@
 porcelain configuration variables in the respective porcelain documentation.
 
 advice.*::
-	When set to 'true', display the given optional help message.
-	When set to 'false', do not display. The configuration variables
-	are:
+	These variables control various optional help messages designed to
+	aid new users. All 'advice.*' variables default to 'true', and you
+	can tell Git that you do not need help by setting these to 'false':
 +
 --
 	pushNonFastForward::
 		Advice shown when linkgit:git-push[1] refuses
-		non-fast-forward refs. Default: true.
+		non-fast-forward refs.
 	statusHints::
 		Directions on how to stage/unstage/add shown in the
 		output of linkgit:git-status[1] and the template shown
-		when writing commit messages. Default: true.
+		when writing commit messages.
 	commitBeforeMerge::
 		Advice shown when linkgit:git-merge[1] refuses to
 		merge to avoid overwriting local changes.
-		Default: true.
 	resolveConflict::
 		Advices shown by various commands when conflicts
 		prevent the operation from being performed.
-		Default: true.
 	implicitIdentity::
 		Advice on how to set your identity configuration when
 		your information is guessed from the system username and
-		domain name. Default: true.
-
+		domain name.
 	detachedHead::
-		Advice shown when you used linkgit::git-checkout[1] to
+		Advice shown when you used linkgit:git-checkout[1] to
 		move to the detach HEAD state, to instruct how to create
-		a local branch after the fact.  Default: true.
+		a local branch after the fact.
 --
 
 core.fileMode::
@@ -473,6 +471,12 @@
 	variable when it is set, and the environment variable
 	`GIT_EDITOR` is not set.  See linkgit:git-var[1].
 
+sequence.editor::
+	Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase insn file.
+	The value is meant to be interpreted by the shell when it is used.
+	It can be overridden by the `GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR` environment variable.
+	When not configured the default commit message editor is used instead.
+
 core.pager::
 	The command that git will use to paginate output.  Can
 	be overridden with the `GIT_PAGER` environment
@@ -857,6 +861,13 @@
 	when its superproject retrieves a commit that updates the submodule's
 	reference.
 
+fetch.fsckObjects::
+	If it is set to true, git-fetch-pack will check all fetched
+	objects. It will abort in the case of a malformed object or a
+	broken link. The result of an abort are only dangling objects.
+	Defaults to false. If not set, the value of `transfer.fsckObjects`
+	is used instead.
+
 fetch.unpackLimit::
 	If the number of objects fetched over the git native
 	transfer is below this
@@ -1064,6 +1075,23 @@
 is one of "ext" and "pserver") to make them apply only for the given
 access method.
 
+gitweb.category::
+gitweb.description::
+gitweb.owner::
+gitweb.url::
+	See linkgit:gitweb[1] for description.
+
+gitweb.avatar::
+gitweb.blame::
+gitweb.grep::
+gitweb.highlight::
+gitweb.patches::
+gitweb.pickaxe::
+gitweb.remote_heads::
+gitweb.showsizes::
+gitweb.snapshot::
+	See linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] for description.
+
 grep.lineNumber::
 	If set to true, enable '-n' option by default.
 
@@ -1596,7 +1624,8 @@
 	If it is set to true, git-receive-pack will check all received
 	objects. It will abort in the case of a malformed object or a
 	broken link. The result of an abort are only dangling objects.
-	Defaults to false.
+	Defaults to false. If not set, the value of `transfer.fsckObjects`
+	is used instead.
 
 receive.unpackLimit::
 	If the number of objects received in a push is below this
@@ -1832,6 +1861,11 @@
 	archiving user's umask will be used instead.  See umask(2) and
 	linkgit:git-archive[1].
 
+transfer.fsckObjects::
+	When `fetch.fsckObjects` or `receive.fsckObjects` are
+	not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
+	Defaults to false.
+
 transfer.unpackLimit::
 	When `fetch.unpackLimit` or `receive.unpackLimit` are
 	not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 66624a1..9f7cba2 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -408,6 +408,10 @@
 	Show the context between diff hunks, up to the specified number
 	of lines, thereby fusing hunks that are close to each other.
 
+-W::
+--function-context::
+	Show whole surrounding functions of changes.
+
 ifndef::git-format-patch[]
 ifndef::git-log[]
 --exit-code::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 507b8d0..f46013c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git branch' [--color[=<when>] | --no-color] [-r | -a]
-	[-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
-	[(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]]
+	[--list] [-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
+	[(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]] [<pattern>...]
 'git branch' [--set-upstream | --track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
 'git branch' (-m | -M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
 'git branch' (-d | -D) [-r] <branchname>...
@@ -20,7 +20,11 @@
 
 With no arguments, existing branches are listed and the current branch will
 be highlighted with an asterisk.  Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking
-branches to be listed, and option `-a` shows both.
+branches to be listed, and option `-a` shows both. This list mode is also
+activated by the `--list` option (see below).
+<pattern> restricts the output to matching branches, the pattern is a shell
+wildcard (i.e., matched using fnmatch(3))
+Multiple patterns may be given; if any of them matches, the tag is shown.
 
 With `--contains`, shows only the branches that contain the named commit
 (in other words, the branches whose tip commits are descendants of the
@@ -64,6 +68,7 @@
 OPTIONS
 -------
 -d::
+--delete::
 	Delete a branch. The branch must be fully merged in its
 	upstream branch, or in `HEAD` if no upstream was set with
 	`--track` or `--set-upstream`.
@@ -72,6 +77,7 @@
 	Delete a branch irrespective of its merged status.
 
 -l::
+--create-reflog::
 	Create the branch's reflog.  This activates recording of
 	all changes made to the branch ref, enabling use of date
 	based sha1 expressions such as "<branchname>@\{yesterday}".
@@ -84,6 +90,7 @@
 	already. Without `-f` 'git branch' refuses to change an existing branch.
 
 -m::
+--move::
 	Move/rename a branch and the corresponding reflog.
 
 -M::
@@ -100,14 +107,21 @@
 	Same as `--color=never`.
 
 -r::
+--remotes::
 	List or delete (if used with -d) the remote-tracking branches.
 
 -a::
+--all::
 	List both remote-tracking branches and local branches.
 
+--list::
+	Activate the list mode. `git branch <pattern>` would try to create a branch,
+	use `git branch --list <pattern>` to list matching branches.
+
 -v::
 --verbose::
-	Show sha1 and commit subject line for each head, along with
+	When in list mode,
+	show sha1 and commit subject line for each head, along with
 	relationship to upstream branch (if any). If given twice, print
 	the name of the upstream branch, as well.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
index 1f7312a..5abdbaa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
@@ -24,6 +24,9 @@
 	paths.  If this option is used, then 'unspecified' attributes
 	will not be included in the output.
 
+--cached::
+	Consider `.gitattributes` in the index only, ignoring the working tree.
+
 --stdin::
 	Read file names from stdin instead of from the command-line.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
index c9fdf84..103e7b1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
@@ -8,8 +8,9 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git check-ref-format' <refname>
-'git check-ref-format' --print <refname>
+'git check-ref-format' [--normalize]
+       [--[no-]allow-onelevel] [--refspec-pattern]
+       <refname>
 'git check-ref-format' --branch <branchname-shorthand>
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -28,22 +29,28 @@
 
 . They can include slash `/` for hierarchical (directory)
   grouping, but no slash-separated component can begin with a
-  dot `.`.
+  dot `.` or end with the sequence `.lock`.
 
 . They must contain at least one `/`. This enforces the presence of a
   category like `heads/`, `tags/` etc. but the actual names are not
-  restricted.
+  restricted.  If the `--allow-onelevel` option is used, this rule
+  is waived.
 
 . They cannot have two consecutive dots `..` anywhere.
 
 . They cannot have ASCII control characters (i.e. bytes whose
   values are lower than \040, or \177 `DEL`), space, tilde `~`,
-  caret `{caret}`, colon `:`, question-mark `?`, asterisk `*`,
-  or open bracket `[` anywhere.
+  caret `{caret}`, or colon `:` anywhere.
 
-. They cannot end with a slash `/` nor a dot `.`.
+. They cannot have question-mark `?`, asterisk `{asterisk}`, or open
+  bracket `[` anywhere.  See the `--refspec-pattern` option below for
+  an exception to this rule.
 
-. They cannot end with the sequence `.lock`.
+. They cannot begin or end with a slash `/` or contain multiple
+  consecutive slashes (see the `--normalize` option below for an
+  exception to this rule)
+
+. They cannot end with a dot `.`.
 
 . They cannot contain a sequence `@{`.
 
@@ -68,16 +75,36 @@
 
 . at-open-brace `@{` is used as a notation to access a reflog entry.
 
-With the `--print` option, if 'refname' is acceptable, it prints the
-canonicalized name of a hypothetical reference with that name.  That is,
-it prints 'refname' with any extra `/` characters removed.
-
 With the `--branch` option, it expands the ``previous branch syntax''
 `@{-n}`.  For example, `@{-1}` is a way to refer the last branch you
 were on.  This option should be used by porcelains to accept this
 syntax anywhere a branch name is expected, so they can act as if you
 typed the branch name.
 
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--allow-onelevel::
+--no-allow-onelevel::
+	Controls whether one-level refnames are accepted (i.e.,
+	refnames that do not contain multiple `/`-separated
+	components).  The default is `--no-allow-onelevel`.
+
+--refspec-pattern::
+	Interpret <refname> as a reference name pattern for a refspec
+	(as used with remote repositories).  If this option is
+	enabled, <refname> is allowed to contain a single `{asterisk}`
+	in place of a one full pathname component (e.g.,
+	`foo/{asterisk}/bar` but not `foo/bar{asterisk}`).
+
+--normalize::
+	Normalize 'refname' by removing any leading slash (`/`)
+	characters and collapsing runs of adjacent slashes between
+	name components into a single slash.  Iff the normalized
+	refname is valid then print it to standard output and exit
+	with a status of 0.  (`--print` is a deprecated way to spell
+	`--normalize`.)
+
+
 EXAMPLES
 --------
 
@@ -90,7 +117,7 @@
 * Determine the reference name to use for a new branch:
 +
 ------------
-$ ref=$(git check-ref-format --print "refs/heads/$newbranch") ||
+$ ref=$(git check-ref-format --normalize "refs/heads/$newbranch") ||
 die "we do not like '$newbranch' as a branch name."
 ------------
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 7cfa3d9..fed5097 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -9,6 +9,9 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git cherry-pick' [--edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-x] [--ff] <commit>...
+'git cherry-pick' --continue
+'git cherry-pick' --quit
+'git cherry-pick' --abort
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -110,6 +113,10 @@
 	Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the
 	merge strategy.  See linkgit:git-merge[1] for details.
 
+SEQUENCER SUBCOMMANDS
+---------------------
+include::sequencer.txt[]
+
 EXAMPLES
 --------
 `git cherry-pick master`::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index 0fdb82e..02133d5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -68,7 +68,9 @@
 
 In case (some of) these environment variables are not set, the information
 is taken from the configuration items user.name and user.email, or, if not
-present, system user name and fully qualified hostname.
+present, system user name and the hostname used for outgoing mail (taken
+from `/etc/mailname` and falling back to the fully qualified hostname when
+that file does not exist).
 
 A commit comment is read from stdin. If a changelog
 entry is not provided via "<" redirection, 'git commit-tree' will just wait
@@ -90,6 +92,10 @@
 
 include::i18n.txt[]
 
+FILES
+-----
+/etc/mailname
+
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:git-write-tree[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
index 69a1e4a..31b28fc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
@@ -161,6 +161,16 @@
 	repository configuration.  By default, all the services
 	are overridable.
 
+--informative-errors::
+--no-informative-errors::
+	When informative errors are turned on, git-daemon will report
+	more verbose errors to the client, differentiating conditions
+	like "no such repository" from "repository not exported". This
+	is more convenient for clients, but may leak information about
+	the existence of unexported repositories.  When informative
+	errors are not enabled, all errors report "access denied" to the
+	client. The default is --no-informative-errors.
+
 <directory>::
 	A directory to add to the whitelist of allowed directories. Unless
 	--strict-paths is specified this will also include subdirectories
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index 152e695..c872b88 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -101,9 +101,10 @@
 `committer`, and `tagger`) can be suffixed with `name`, `email`,
 and `date` to extract the named component.
 
-The first line of the message in a commit and tag object is
-`subject`, the remaining lines are `body`.  The whole message
-is `contents`.
+The complete message in a commit and tag object is `contents`.
+Its first line is `contents:subject`, the remaining lines
+are `contents:body` and the optional GPG signature
+is `contents:signature`.
 
 For sorting purposes, fields with numeric values sort in numeric
 order (`objectsize`, `authordate`, `committerdate`, `taggerdate`).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
index a2a508d..55b33d7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -72,30 +72,20 @@
 	a blob, the contents are written into the file, rather than
 	its object name.
 
-It tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking of
-the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
+DISCUSSION
+----------
+
+git-fsck tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
+of the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
 corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
-'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but
-that aren't reachable from any of the specified head nodes.
-
-So for example
-
-	git fsck --unreachable HEAD \
-		$(git for-each-ref --format="%(objectname)" refs/heads)
-
-will do quite a _lot_ of verification on the tree. There are a few
-extra validity tests to be added (make sure that tree objects are
-sorted properly etc), but on the whole if 'git fsck' is happy, you
-do have a valid tree.
+'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but that
+aren't reachable from any of the specified head nodes (or the default
+set, as mentioned above).
 
 Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
 (i.e., you can just remove them and do an 'rsync' with some other site in
 the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
 
-Of course, "valid tree" doesn't mean that it wasn't generated by some
-evil person, and the end result might be crap. git is a revision
-tracking system, not a quality assurance system ;)
-
 Extracted Diagnostics
 ---------------------
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index e44a498..15d6711 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@
 	   [-A <post-context>] [-B <pre-context>] [-C <context>]
 	   [-f <file>] [-e] <pattern>
 	   [--and|--or|--not|(|)|-e <pattern>...]
-	   [--cached | --no-index | <tree>...]
+	   [ [--exclude-standard] [--cached | --no-index | --untracked] | <tree>...]
 	   [--] [<pathspec>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -49,7 +49,20 @@
 	blobs registered in the index file.
 
 --no-index::
-	Search files in the current directory, not just those tracked by git.
+	Search files in the current directory that is not managed by git.
+
+--untracked::
+	In addition to searching in the tracked files in the working
+	tree, search also in untracked files.
+
+--no-exclude-standard::
+	Also search in ignored files by not honoring the `.gitignore`
+	mechanism. Only useful with `--untracked`.
+
+--exclude-standard::
+	Do not pay attention to ignored files specified via the	`.gitignore`
+	mechanism.  Only useful when searching files in the current directory
+	with `--no-index`.
 
 -a::
 --text::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
index ea95c90..f3eef51 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
@@ -84,6 +84,10 @@
 'web.browser' will be used instead if it is defined. See
 linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1] for more information about this.
 
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitweb[1]
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mv.txt b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
index b8db373..e3c8448 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mv.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
@@ -15,8 +15,8 @@
 -----------
 This script is used to move or rename a file, directory or symlink.
 
- git mv [-f] [-n] <source> <destination>
- git mv [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> ... <destination directory>
+ git mv [-v] [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> <destination>
+ git mv [-v] [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> ... <destination directory>
 
 In the first form, it renames <source>, which must exist and be either
 a file, symlink or directory, to <destination>.
@@ -40,6 +40,10 @@
 --dry-run::
 	Do nothing; only show what would happen
 
+-v::
+--verbose::
+	Report the names of files as they are moved.
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reset.txt b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
index b2832fc..b674866 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reset.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git reset' [-q] [<commit>] [--] <paths>...
-'git reset' [--patch|-p] [<commit>] [--] [<paths>...]
-'git reset' [--soft | --mixed | --hard | --merge | --keep] [-q] [<commit>]
+'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<commit>] [--] [<paths>...]
+'git reset' (--soft | --mixed | --hard | --merge | --keep) [-q] [<commit>]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
 can copy the contents of a path out of a commit to the index and to the
 working tree in one go.
 
-'git reset' --patch|-p [<commit>] [--] [<paths>...]::
+'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<commit>] [--] [<paths>...]::
 	Interactively select hunks in the difference between the index
 	and <commit> (defaults to HEAD).  The chosen hunks are applied
 	in reverse to the index.
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@
 you can use it to selectively reset hunks. See the ``Interactive Mode''
 section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `\--patch` mode.
 
-'git reset' [--<mode>] [<commit>]::
+'git reset' --<mode> [<commit>]::
 	This form resets the current branch head to <commit> and
 	possibly updates the index (resetting it to the tree of <commit>) and
 	the working tree depending on <mode>, which
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index 42c9676..8023dc0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -180,6 +180,10 @@
 <args>...::
 	Flags and parameters to be parsed.
 
+--resolve-git-dir <path>::
+	Check if <path> is a valid git-dir or a git-file pointing to a valid
+	git-dir. If <path> is a valid git-dir the resolved path to git-dir will
+	be printed.
 
 include::revisions.txt[]
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-revert.txt b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
index b311d59..b699a34 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-revert.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
@@ -9,6 +9,9 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git revert' [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>...
+'git revert' --continue
+'git revert' --quit
+'git revert' --abort
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -91,6 +94,10 @@
 	Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the
 	merge strategy.  See linkgit:git-merge[1] for details.
 
+SEQUENCER SUBCOMMANDS
+---------------------
+include::sequencer.txt[]
+
 EXAMPLES
 --------
 `git revert HEAD~3`::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
index a2f346c..5e5f1c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
@@ -68,6 +68,16 @@
 	cd_to_toplevel, which is impossible to do if there is no
 	working tree.
 
+require_clean_work_tree <action> [<hint>]::
+	checks that the working tree and index associated with the
+	repository have no uncommitted changes to tracked files.
+	Otherwise it emits an error message of the form `Cannot
+	<action>: <reason>. <hint>`, and dies.  Example:
++
+----------------
+require_clean_work_tree rebase "Please commit or stash them."
+----------------
+
 get_author_ident_from_commit::
 	outputs code for use with eval to set the GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
 	GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL and GIT_AUTHOR_DATE variables for a given commit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
index b78f031..a80d946 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
@@ -3,26 +3,83 @@
 
 NAME
 ----
-git-stripspace - Filter out empty lines
+git-stripspace - Remove unnecessary whitespace
 
 
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < <stream>
+'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < input
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
-Remove multiple empty lines, and empty lines at beginning and end.
+
+Clean the input in the manner used by 'git' for text such as commit
+messages, notes, tags and branch descriptions.
+
+With no arguments, this will:
+
+- remove trailing whitespace from all lines
+- collapse multiple consecutive empty lines into one empty line
+- remove empty lines from the beginning and end of the input
+- add a missing '\n' to the last line if necessary.
+
+In the case where the input consists entirely of whitespace characters, no
+output will be produced.
+
+*NOTE*: This is intended for cleaning metadata, prefer the `--whitespace=fix`
+mode of linkgit:git-apply[1] for correcting whitespace of patches or files in
+the repository.
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
 -s::
 --strip-comments::
-	In addition to empty lines, also strip lines starting with '#'.
+	Skip and remove all lines starting with '#'.
 
-<stream>::
-	Byte stream to act on.
+EXAMPLES
+--------
+
+Given the following noisy input with '$' indicating the end of a line:
+
+--------
+|A brief introduction   $
+|   $
+|$
+|A new paragraph$
+|# with a commented-out line    $
+|explaining lots of stuff.$
+|$
+|# An old paragraph, also commented-out. $
+|      $
+|The end.$
+|  $
+---------
+
+Use 'git stripspace' with no arguments to obtain:
+
+--------
+|A brief introduction$
+|$
+|A new paragraph$
+|# with a commented-out line$
+|explaining lots of stuff.$
+|$
+|# An old paragraph, also commented-out.$
+|$
+|The end.$
+---------
+
+Use 'git stripspace --strip-comments' to obtain:
+
+--------
+|A brief introduction$
+|$
+|A new paragraph$
+|explaining lots of stuff.$
+|$
+|The end.$
+---------
 
 GIT
 ---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index cd9c167..b729649 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -125,6 +125,8 @@
 init::
 	Initialize the submodules, i.e. register each submodule name
 	and url found in .gitmodules into .git/config.
+	It will also copy the value of `submodule.$name.update` into
+	.git/config.
 	The key used in .git/config is `submodule.$name.url`.
 	This command does not alter existing information in .git/config.
 	You can then customize the submodule clone URLs in .git/config
@@ -138,7 +140,7 @@
 	checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
 	This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
 	`--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
-	`rebase` or `merge`.
+	`rebase`, `merge` or `none`.
 +
 If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
 setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
@@ -146,6 +148,10 @@
 +
 If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
 registered submodules, and update any nested submodules within.
++
+If the configuration key `submodule.$name.update` is set to `none` the
+submodule with name `$name` will not be updated by default. This can be
+overriden by adding `--checkout` to the command.
 
 summary::
 	Show commit summary between the given commit (defaults to HEAD) and
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index f977e87..34ee785 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -234,6 +234,14 @@
 only be done when dcommitting non-fast-forward merges where all parents but the
 first have already been pushed into SVN.
 
+--interactive;;
+	Ask the user to confirm that a patch set should actually be sent to SVN.
+	For each patch, one may answer "yes" (accept this patch), "no" (discard this
+	patch), "all" (accept all patches), or "quit".
+	+
+	'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer if "no" or "quit", without
+	commiting anything to SVN.
+
 'branch'::
 	Create a branch in the SVN repository.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index fb1c0ac..c83cb13 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -43,12 +43,15 @@
 OPTIONS
 -------
 -a::
+--annotate::
 	Make an unsigned, annotated tag object
 
 -s::
+--sign::
 	Make a GPG-signed tag, using the default e-mail address's key
 
 -u <key-id>::
+--local-user=<key-id>::
 	Make a GPG-signed tag, using the given key
 
 -f::
@@ -56,9 +59,11 @@
 	Replace an existing tag with the given name (instead of failing)
 
 -d::
+--delete::
 	Delete existing tags with the given names.
 
 -v::
+--verify::
 	Verify the gpg signature of the given tag names.
 
 -n<num>::
@@ -69,6 +74,7 @@
 	If the tag is not annotated, the commit message is displayed instead.
 
 -l <pattern>::
+--list <pattern>::
 	List tags with names that match the given pattern (or all if no
 	pattern is given).  Running "git tag" without arguments also
 	lists all tags. The pattern is a shell wildcard (i.e., matched
@@ -79,6 +85,7 @@
 	Only list tags which contain the specified commit.
 
 -m <msg>::
+--message=<msg>::
 	Use the given tag message (instead of prompting).
 	If multiple `-m` options are given, their values are
 	concatenated as separate paragraphs.
@@ -86,6 +93,7 @@
 	is given.
 
 -F <file>::
+--file=<file>::
 	Take the tag message from the given file.  Use '-' to
 	read the message from the standard input.
 	Implies `-a` if none of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <key-id>`
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 5c313e5..8a77fa4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -44,6 +44,14 @@
 branch of the `git.git` repository.
 Documentation for older releases are available here:
 
+* link:v1.7.8.3/git.html[documentation for release 1.7.8.3]
+
+* release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt[1.7.8.3],
+  link:RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt[1.7.8.2],
+  link:RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt[1.7.8.1],
+  link:RelNotes/1.7.8.txt[1.7.8].
+
 * link:v1.7.7.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.7.7.5]
 
 * release notes for
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7aba497
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,889 @@
+gitweb.conf(5)
+==============
+
+NAME
+----
+gitweb.conf - Gitweb (git web interface) configuration file
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+/etc/gitweb.conf, /etc/gitweb-common.conf, $GITWEBDIR/gitweb_config.perl
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+The gitweb CGI script for viewing Git repositories over the web uses a
+perl script fragment as its configuration file.  You can set variables
+using "`our $variable = value`"; text from a "#" character until the
+end of a line is ignored.  See *perlsyn*(1) for details.
+
+An example:
+
+    # gitweb configuration file for http://git.example.org
+    #
+    our $projectroot = "/srv/git"; # FHS recommendation
+    our $site_name = 'Example.org >> Repos';
+
+
+The configuration file is used to override the default settings that
+were built into gitweb at the time the 'gitweb.cgi' script was generated.
+
+While one could just alter the configuration settings in the gitweb
+CGI itself, those changes would be lost upon upgrade.  Configuration
+settings might also be placed into a file in the same directory as the
+CGI script with the default name 'gitweb_config.perl' -- allowing
+one to have multiple gitweb instances with different configurations by
+the use of symlinks.
+
+Note that some configuration can be controlled on per-repository rather than
+gitweb-wide basis: see "Per-repository gitweb configuration" subsection on
+linkgit:gitweb[1] manpage.
+
+
+DISCUSSION
+----------
+Gitweb reads configuration data from the following sources in the
+following order:
+
+ * built-in values (some set during build stage),
+
+ * common system-wide configuration file (defaults to
+   '/etc/gitweb-common.conf'),
+
+ * either per-instance configuration file (defaults to 'gitweb_config.perl'
+   in the same directory as the installed gitweb), or if it does not exists
+   then fallback system-wide configuration file (defaults to '/etc/gitweb.conf').
+
+Values obtained in later configuration files override values obtained earlier
+in the above sequence.
+
+Locations of the common system-wide configuration file, the fallback
+system-wide configuration file and the per-instance configuration file
+are defined at compile time using build-time Makefile configuration
+variables, respectively `GITWEB_CONFIG_COMMON`, `GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM`
+and `GITWEB_CONFIG`.
+
+You can also override locations of gitweb configuration files during
+runtime by setting the following environment variables:
+`GITWEB_CONFIG_COMMON`, `GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM` and `GITWEB_CONFIG`
+to a non-empty value.
+
+
+The syntax of the configuration files is that of Perl, since these files are
+handled by sourcing them as fragments of Perl code (the language that
+gitweb itself is written in). Variables are typically set using the
+`our` qualifier (as in "`our $variable = <value>;`") to avoid syntax
+errors if a new version of gitweb no longer uses a variable and therefore
+stops declaring it.
+
+You can include other configuration file using read_config_file()
+subroutine.  For example, one might want to put gitweb configuration
+related to access control for viewing repositories via Gitolite (one
+of git repository management tools) in a separate file, e.g. in
+'/etc/gitweb-gitolite.conf'.  To include it, put
+
+--------------------------------------------------
+read_config_file("/etc/gitweb-gitolite.conf");
+--------------------------------------------------
+
+somewhere in gitweb configuration file used, e.g. in per-installation
+gitweb configuration file.  Note that read_config_file() checks itself
+that the file it reads exists, and does nothing if it is not found.
+It also handles errors in included file.
+
+
+The default configuration with no configuration file at all may work
+perfectly well for some installations.  Still, a configuration file is
+useful for customizing or tweaking the behavior of gitweb in many ways, and
+some optional features will not be present unless explicitly enabled using
+the configurable `%features` variable (see also "Configuring gitweb
+features" section below).
+
+
+CONFIGURATION VARIABLES
+-----------------------
+Some configuration variables have their default values (embedded in the CGI
+script) set during building gitweb -- if that is the case, this fact is put
+in their description.  See gitweb's 'INSTALL' file for instructions on building
+and installing gitweb.
+
+
+Location of repositories
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+The configuration variables described below control how gitweb finds
+git repositories, and how repositories are displayed and accessed.
+
+See also "Repositories" and later subsections in linkgit:gitweb[1] manpage.
+
+$projectroot::
+	Absolute filesystem path which will be prepended to project path;
+	the path to repository is `$projectroot/$project`.  Set to
+	`$GITWEB_PROJECTROOT` during installation.  This variable has to be
+	set correctly for gitweb to find repositories.
++
+For example, if `$projectroot` is set to "/srv/git" by putting the following
+in gitweb config file:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+our $projectroot = "/srv/git";
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+then
++
+------------------------------------------------
+http://git.example.com/gitweb.cgi?p=foo/bar.git
+------------------------------------------------
++
+and its path_info based equivalent
++
+------------------------------------------------
+http://git.example.com/gitweb.cgi/foo/bar.git
+------------------------------------------------
++
+will map to the path '/srv/git/foo/bar.git' on the filesystem.
+
+$projects_list::
+	Name of a plain text file listing projects, or a name of directory
+	to be scanned for projects.
++
+Project list files should list one project per line, with each line
+having the following format
++
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+<URI-encoded filesystem path to repository> SP <URI-encoded repository owner>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+The default value of this variable is determined by the `GITWEB_LIST`
+makefile variable at installation time.  If this variable is empty, gitweb
+will fall back to scanning the `$projectroot` directory for repositories.
+
+$project_maxdepth::
+	If `$projects_list` variable is unset, gitweb will recursively
+	scan filesystem for git repositories.  The `$project_maxdepth`
+	is used to limit traversing depth, relative to `$projectroot`
+	(starting point); it means that directories which are further
+	from `$projectroot` than `$project_maxdepth` will be skipped.
++
+It is purely performance optimization, originally intended for MacOS X,
+where recursive directory traversal is slow.  Gitweb follows symbolic
+links, but it detects cycles, ignoring any duplicate files and directories.
++
+The default value of this variable is determined by the build-time
+configuration variable `GITWEB_PROJECT_MAXDEPTH`, which defaults to
+2007.
+
+$export_ok::
+	Show repository only if this file exists (in repository).  Only
+	effective if this variable evaluates to true.  Can be set when
+	building gitweb by setting `GITWEB_EXPORT_OK`.  This path is
+	relative to `GIT_DIR`.  git-daemon[1] uses 'git-daemon-export-ok',
+	unless started with `--export-all`.  By default this variable is
+	not set, which means that this feature is turned off.
+
+$export_auth_hook::
+	Function used to determine which repositories should be shown.
+	This subroutine should take one parameter, the full path to
+	a project, and if it returns true, that project will be included
+	in the projects list and can be accessed through gitweb as long
+	as it fulfills the other requirements described by $export_ok,
+	$projects_list, and $projects_maxdepth.  Example:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+our $export_auth_hook = sub { return -e "$_[0]/git-daemon-export-ok"; };
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+though the above might be done by using `$export_ok` instead
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+our $export_ok = "git-daemon-export-ok";
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+If not set (default), it means that this feature is disabled.
++
+See also more involved example in "Controlling access to git repositories"
+subsection on linkgit:gitweb[1] manpage.
+
+$strict_export::
+	Only allow viewing of repositories also shown on the overview page.
+	This for example makes `$gitweb_export_ok` file decide if repository is
+	available and not only if it is shown.  If `$gitweb_list` points to
+	file with list of project, only those repositories listed would be
+	available for gitweb.  Can be set during building gitweb via
+	`GITWEB_STRICT_EXPORT`.  By default this variable is not set, which
+	means that you can directly access those repositories that are hidden
+	from projects list page (e.g. the are not listed in the $projects_list
+	file).
+
+
+Finding files
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+The following configuration variables tell gitweb where to find files.
+The values of these variables are paths on the filesystem.
+
+$GIT::
+	Core git executable to use.  By default set to `$GIT_BINDIR/git`, which
+	in turn is by default set to `$(bindir)/git`.  If you use git installed
+	from a binary package, you should usually set this to "/usr/bin/git".
+	This can just be "git" if your web server has a sensible PATH; from
+	security point of view it is better to use absolute path to git binary.
+	If you have multiple git versions installed it can be used to choose
+	which one to use.  Must be (correctly) set for gitweb to be able to
+	work.
+
+$mimetypes_file::
+	File to use for (filename extension based) guessing of MIME types before
+	trying '/etc/mime.types'.  *NOTE* that this path, if relative, is taken
+	as relative to the current git repository, not to CGI script.  If unset,
+	only '/etc/mime.types' is used (if present on filesystem).  If no mimetypes
+	file is found, mimetype guessing based on extension of file is disabled.
+	Unset by default.
+
+$highlight_bin::
+	Path to the highlight executable to use (it must be the one from
+	http://www.andre-simon.de[] due to assumptions about parameters and output).
+	By default set to 'highlight'; set it to full path to highlight
+	executable if it is not installed on your web server's PATH.
+	Note that 'highlight' feature must be set for gitweb to actually
+	use syntax hightlighting.
++
+*NOTE*: if you want to add support for new file type (supported by
+"highlight" but not used by gitweb), you need to modify `%highlight_ext`
+or `%highlight_basename`, depending on whether you detect type of file
+based on extension (for example "sh") or on its basename (for example
+"Makefile").  The keys of these hashes are extension and basename,
+respectively, and value for given key is name of syntax to be passed via
+`--syntax <syntax>` to highlighter.
++
+For example if repositories you are hosting use "phtml" extension for
+PHP files, and you want to have correct syntax-highlighting for those
+files, you can add the following to gitweb configuration:
++
+---------------------------------------------------------
+our %highlight_ext;
+$highlight_ext{'phtml'} = 'php';
+---------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Links and their targets
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+The configuration variables described below configure some of gitweb links:
+their target and their look (text or image), and where to find page
+prerequisites (stylesheet, favicon, images, scripts).  Usually they are left
+at their default values, with the possible exception of `@stylesheets`
+variable.
+
+@stylesheets::
+	List of URIs of stylesheets (relative to the base URI of a page). You
+	might specify more than one stylesheet, for example to use "gitweb.css"
+	as base with site specific modifications in a separate stylesheet
+	to make it easier to upgrade gitweb.  For example, you can add
+	a `site` stylesheet by putting
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+push @stylesheets, "gitweb-site.css";
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+in the gitweb config file.  Those values that are relative paths are
+relative to base URI of gitweb.
++
+This list should contain the URI of gitweb's standard stylesheet.  The default
+URI of gitweb stylesheet can be set at build time using the `GITWEB_CSS`
+makefile variable.  Its default value is 'static/gitweb.css'
+(or 'static/gitweb.min.css' if the `CSSMIN` variable is defined,
+i.e. if CSS minifier is used during build).
++
+*Note*: there is also a legacy `$stylesheet` configuration variable, which was
+used by older gitweb.  If `$stylesheet` variable is defined, only CSS stylesheet
+given by this variable is used by gitweb.
+
+$logo::
+	Points to the location where you put 'git-logo.png' on your web
+	server, or to be more the generic URI of logo, 72x27 size).  This image
+	is displayed in the top right corner of each gitweb page and used as
+	a logo for the Atom feed.  Relative to the base URI of gitweb (as a path).
+	Can be adjusted when building gitweb using `GITWEB_LOGO` variable
+	By default set to 'static/git-logo.png'.
+
+$favicon::
+	Points to the location where you put 'git-favicon.png' on your web
+	server, or to be more the generic URI of favicon, which will be served
+	as "image/png" type.  Web browsers that support favicons (website icons)
+	may display them in the browser's URL bar and next to the site name in
+	bookmarks.  Relative to the base URI of gitweb.  Can be adjusted at
+	build time using `GITWEB_FAVICON` variable.
+	By default set to 'static/git-favicon.png'.
+
+$javascript::
+	Points to the location where you put 'gitweb.js' on your web server,
+	or to be more generic the URI of JavaScript code used by gitweb.
+	Relative to the base URI of gitweb.  Can be set at build time using
+	the `GITWEB_JS` build-time configuration variable.
++
+The default value is either 'static/gitweb.js', or 'static/gitweb.min.js' if
+the `JSMIN` build variable was defined, i.e. if JavaScript minifier was used
+at build time.  *Note* that this single file is generated from multiple
+individual JavaScript "modules".
+
+$home_link::
+	Target of the home link on the top of all pages (the first part of view
+	"breadcrumbs").  By default it is set to the absolute URI of a current page
+	(to the value of `$my_uri` variable, or to "/" if `$my_uri` is undefined
+	or is an empty string).
+
+$home_link_str::
+	Label for the "home link" at the top of all pages, leading to `$home_link`
+	(usually the main gitweb page, which contains the projects list).  It is
+	used as the first component of gitweb's "breadcrumb trail":
+	`<home link> / <project> / <action>`.  Can be set at build time using
+	the `GITWEB_HOME_LINK_STR` variable.  By default it is set to "projects",
+	as this link leads to the list of projects.  Other popular choice it to
+	set it to the name of site.
+
+$logo_url::
+$logo_label::
+	URI and label (title) for the Git logo link (or your site logo,
+	if you chose to use different logo image). By default, these both
+	refer to git homepage, http://git-scm.com[]; in the past, they pointed
+	to git documentation at http://www.kernel.org[].
+
+
+Changing gitweb's look
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+You can adjust how pages generated by gitweb look using the variables described
+below.  You can change the site name, add common headers and footers for all
+pages, and add a description of this gitweb installation on its main page
+(which is the projects list page), etc.
+
+$site_name::
+	Name of your site or organization, to appear in page titles.  Set it
+	to something descriptive for clearer bookmarks etc.  If this variable
+	is not set or is, then gitweb uses the value of the `SERVER_NAME`
+	CGI environment variable, setting site name to "$SERVER_NAME Git",
+	or "Untitled Git" if this variable is not set (e.g. if running gitweb
+	as standalone script).
++
+Can be set using the `GITWEB_SITENAME` at build time.  Unset by default.
+
+$site_html_head_string::
+	HTML snippet to be included in the <head> section of each page.
+	Can be set using `GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING` at build time.
+	No default value.
+
+$site_header::
+	Name of a file with HTML to be included at the top of each page.
+	Relative to the directory containing the 'gitweb.cgi' script.
+	Can be set using `GITWEB_SITE_HEADER` at build time.  No default
+	value.
+
+$site_footer::
+	Name of a file with HTML to be included at the bottom of each page.
+	Relative to the directory containing the 'gitweb.cgi' script.
+	Can be set using `GITWEB_SITE_FOOTER` at build time.  No default
+	value.
+
+$home_text::
+	Name of a HTML file which, if it exists, is included on the
+	gitweb projects overview page ("projects_list" view).  Relative to
+	the directory containing the gitweb.cgi script.  Default value
+	can be adjusted during build time using `GITWEB_HOMETEXT` variable.
+	By default set to 'indextext.html'.
+
+$projects_list_description_width::
+	The width (in characters) of the "Description" column of the projects list.
+	Longer descriptions will be truncated (trying to cut at word boundary);
+	the full description is available in the 'title' attribute (usually shown on
+	mouseover).  The default is 25, which might be too small if you
+	use long project descriptions.
+
+$default_projects_order::
+	Default value of ordering of projects on projects list page, which
+	means the ordering used if you don't explicitly sort projects list
+	(if there is no "o" CGI query parameter in the URL).  Valid values
+	are "none" (unsorted), "project" (projects are by project name,
+	i.e. path to repository relative to `$projectroot`), "descr"
+	(project description), "owner", and "age" (by date of most current
+	commit).
++
+Default value is "project".  Unknown value means unsorted.
+
+
+Changing gitweb's behavior
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+These configuration variables control _internal_ gitweb behavior.
+
+$default_blob_plain_mimetype::
+	Default mimetype for the blob_plain (raw) view, if mimetype checking
+	doesn't result in some other type; by default "text/plain".
+	Gitweb guesses mimetype of a file to display based on extension
+	of its filename, using `$mimetypes_file` (if set and file exists)
+	and '/etc/mime.types' files (see *mime.types*(5) manpage; only
+	filename extension rules are supported by gitweb).
+
+$default_text_plain_charset::
+	Default charset for text files. If this is not set, the web server
+	configuration will be used.  Unset by default.
+
+$fallback_encoding::
+	Gitweb assumes this charset when a line contains non-UTF-8 characters.
+	The fallback decoding is used without error checking, so it can be even
+	"utf-8". The value must be a valid encoding; see the *Encoding::Supported*(3pm)
+	man page for a list. The default is "latin1", aka. "iso-8859-1".
+
+@diff_opts::
+	Rename detection options for git-diff and git-diff-tree. The default is
+	(\'-M'); set it to (\'-C') or (\'-C', \'-C') to also detect copies,
+	or set it to () i.e. empty list if you don't want to have renames
+	detection.
++
+*Note* that rename and especially copy detection can be quite
+CPU-intensive.  Note also that non git tools can have problems with
+patches generated with options mentioned above, especially when they
+involve file copies (\'-C') or criss-cross renames (\'-B').
+
+
+Some optional features and policies
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Most of features are configured via `%feature` hash; however some of extra
+gitweb features can be turned on and configured using variables described
+below.  This list beside configuration variables that control how gitweb
+looks does contain variables configuring administrative side of gitweb
+(e.g. cross-site scripting prevention; admittedly this as side effect
+affects how "summary" pages look like, or load limiting).
+
+@git_base_url_list::
+	List of git base URLs.  These URLs are used to generate URLs
+	describing from where to fetch a project, which are shown on
+	project summary page.  The full fetch URL is "`$git_base_url/$project`",
+	for each element of this list. You can set up multiple base URLs
+	(for example one for `git://` protocol, and one for `http://`
+	protocol).
++
+Note that per repository configuration can be set in '$GIT_DIR/cloneurl'
+file, or as values of multi-value `gitweb.url` configuration variable in
+project config.  Per-repository configuration takes precedence over value
+composed from `@git_base_url_list` elements and project name.
++
+You can setup one single value (single entry/item in this list) at build
+time by setting the `GITWEB_BASE_URL` built-time configuration variable.
+By default it is set to (), i.e. an empty list.  This means that gitweb
+would not try to create project URL (to fetch) from project name.
+
+$projects_list_group_categories::
+	Whether to enables the grouping of projects by category on the project
+	list page. The category of a project is determined by the
+	`$GIT_DIR/category` file or the `gitweb.category` variable in each
+	repository's configuration.  Disabled by default (set to 0).
+
+$project_list_default_category::
+	Default category for projects for which none is specified.  If this is
+	set to the empty string, such projects will remain uncategorized and
+	listed at the top, above categorized projects.  Used only if project
+	categories are enabled, which means if `$projects_list_group_categories`
+	is true.  By default set to "" (empty string).
+
+$prevent_xss::
+	If true, some gitweb features are disabled to prevent content in
+	repositories from launching cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.  Set this
+	to true if you don't trust the content of your repositories.
+	False by default (set to 0).
+
+$maxload::
+	Used to set the maximum load that we will still respond to gitweb queries.
+	If the server load exceeds this value then gitweb will return
+	"503 Service Unavailable" error.  The server load is taken to be 0
+	if gitweb cannot determine its value.  Currently it works only on Linux,
+	where it uses '/proc/loadavg'; the load there is the number of active
+	tasks on the system -- processes that are actually running -- averaged
+	over the last minute.
++
+Set `$maxload` to undefined value (`undef`) to turn this feature off.
+The default value is 300.
+
+$per_request_config::
+	If this is set to code reference, it will be run once for each request.
+	You can	set parts of configuration that change per session this way.
+	For example, one might use the following code in a gitweb configuration
+	file
++
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+our $per_request_config = sub {
+	$ENV{GL_USER} = $cgi->remote_user || "gitweb";
+};
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+If `$per_request_config` is not a code reference, it is interpreted as boolean
+value.  If it is true gitweb will process config files once per request,
+and if it is false gitweb will process config files only once, each time it
+is executed.  True by default (set to 1).
++
+*NOTE*: `$my_url`, `$my_uri`, and `$base_url` are overwritten with their default
+values before every request, so if you want to change them, be sure to set
+this variable to true or a code reference effecting the desired changes.
++
+This variable matters only when using persistent web environments that
+serve multiple requests using single gitweb instance, like mod_perl,
+FastCGI or Plackup.
+
+
+Other variables
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Usually you should not need to change (adjust) any of configuration
+variables described below; they should be automatically set by gitweb to
+correct value.
+
+
+$version::
+	Gitweb version, set automatically when creating gitweb.cgi from
+	gitweb.perl. You might want to modify it if you are running modified
+	gitweb, for example
++
+---------------------------------------------------
+our $version .= " with caching";
+---------------------------------------------------
++
+if you run modified version of gitweb with caching support.  This variable
+is purely informational, used e.g. in the "generator" meta header in HTML
+header.
+
+$my_url::
+$my_uri::
+	Full URL and absolute URL of the gitweb script;
+	in earlier versions of gitweb you might have need to set those
+	variables, but now there should be no need to do it.  See
+	`$per_request_config` if you need to set them still.
+
+$base_url::
+	Base URL for relative URLs in pages generated by gitweb,
+	(e.g. `$logo`, `$favicon`, `@stylesheets` if they are relative URLs),
+	needed and used '<base href="$base_url">' only for URLs with nonempty
+	PATH_INFO.  Usually gitweb sets its value correctly,
+	and there is no need to set this variable, e.g. to $my_uri or "/".
+	See `$per_request_config` if you need to override it anyway.
+
+
+CONFIGURING GITWEB FEATURES
+---------------------------
+Many gitweb features can be enabled (or disabled) and configured using the
+`%feature` hash.  Names of gitweb features are keys of this hash.
+
+Each `%feature` hash element is a hash reference and has the following
+structure:
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
+"<feature_name>" => {
+	"sub" => <feature-sub (subroutine)>,
+	"override" => <allow-override (boolean)>,
+	"default" => [ <options>... ]
+},
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
+Some features cannot be overridden per project.  For those
+features the structure of appropriate `%feature` hash element has a simpler
+form:
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
+"<feature_name>" => {
+	"override" => 0,
+	"default" => [ <options>... ]
+},
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
+As one can see it lacks the \'sub' element.
+
+The meaning of each part of feature configuration is described
+below:
+
+default::
+	List (array reference) of feature parameters (if there are any),
+	used also to toggle (enable or disable) given feature.
++
+Note that it is currently *always* an array reference, even if
+feature doesn't accept any configuration parameters, and \'default'
+is used only to turn it on or off.  In such case you turn feature on
+by setting this element to `[1]`, and torn it off by setting it to
+`[0]`.  See also the passage about the "blame" feature in the "Examples"
+section.
++
+To disable features that accept parameters (are configurable), you
+need to set this element to empty list i.e. `[]`.
+
+override::
+	If this field has a true value then the given feature is
+	overriddable, which means that it can be configured
+	(or enabled/disabled) on a per-repository basis.
++
+Usually given "<feature>" is configurable via the `gitweb.<feature>`
+config variable in the per-repository git configuration file.
++
+*Note* that no feature is overriddable by default.
+
+sub::
+	Internal detail of implementation.  What is important is that
+	if this field is not present then per-repository override for
+	given feature is not supported.
++
+You wouldn't need to ever change it in gitweb config file.
+
+
+Features in `%feature`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+The gitweb features that are configurable via `%feature` hash are listed
+below.  This should be a complete list, but ultimately the authoritative
+and complete list is in gitweb.cgi source code, with features described
+in the comments.
+
+blame::
+	Enable the "blame" and "blame_incremental" blob views, showing for
+	each line the last commit that modified it; see linkgit:git-blame[1].
+	This can be very CPU-intensive and is therefore disabled by default.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.blame` configuration variable (boolean).
+
+snapshot::
+	Enable and configure the "snapshot" action, which allows user to
+	download a compressed archive of any tree or commit, as produced
+	by linkgit:git-archive[1] and possibly additionally compressed.
+	This can potentially generate high traffic if you have large project.
++
+The value of \'default' is a list of names of snapshot formats,
+defined in `%known_snapshot_formats` hash, that you wish to offer.
+Supported formats include "tgz", "tbz2", "txz" (gzip/bzip2/xz
+compressed tar archive) and "zip"; please consult gitweb sources for
+a definitive list.  By default only "tgz" is offered.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.blame` configuration variable, which contains
+a comma separated list of formats or "none" to disable snapshots.
+Unknown values are ignored.
+
+grep::
+	Enable grep search, which lists the files in currently selected
+	tree (directory) containing the given string; see linkgit:git-grep[1].
+	This can be potentially CPU-intensive, of course.  Enabled by default.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.grep` configuration variable (boolean).
+
+pickaxe::
+	Enable the so called pickaxe search, which will list the commits
+	that introduced or removed a given string in a file.  This can be
+	practical and quite faster alternative to "blame" action, but it is
+	still potentially CPU-intensive.  Enabled by default.
++
+The pickaxe search is described in linkgit:git-log[1] (the
+description of `-S<string>` option, which refers to pickaxe entry in
+linkgit:gitdiffcore[7] for more details).
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis by setting
+repository's `gitweb.pickaxe` configuration variable (boolean).
+
+show-sizes::
+	Enable showing size of blobs (ordinary files) in a "tree" view, in a
+	separate column, similar to what `ls -l` does; see description of
+	`-l` option in linkgit:git-ls-tree[1] manpage.  This costs a bit of
+	I/O.  Enabled by default.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.showsizes` configuration variable (boolean).
+
+patches::
+	Enable and configure "patches" view, which displays list of commits in email
+	(plain text) output format; see also linkgit:git-format-patch[1].
+	The value is the maximum number of patches in a patchset generated
+	in "patches" view.  Set the 'default' field to a list containing single
+	item of or to an empty list to disable patch view, or to a list
+	containing a single negative number to remove any limit.
+	Default value is 16.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.patches` configuration variable (integer).
+
+avatar::
+	Avatar support.  When this feature is enabled, views such as
+	"shortlog" or "commit" will display an avatar associated with
+	the email of each committer and author.
++
+Currently available providers are *"gravatar"* and *"picon"*.
+Only one provider at a time can be selected ('default' is one element list).
+If an unknown provider is specified, the feature is disabled.
+*Note* that some providers might require extra Perl packages to be
+installed; see 'gitweb/INSTALL' for more details.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.avatar` configuration variable.
++
+See also `%avatar_size` with pixel sizes for icons and avatars
+("default" is used for one-line like "log" and "shortlog", "double"
+is used for two-line like "commit", "commitdiff" or "tag").  If the
+default font sizes or lineheights are changed (e.g. via adding extra
+CSS stylesheet in `@stylesheets`), it may be appropriate to change
+these values.
+
+highlight::
+	Server-side syntax highlight support in "blob" view.  It requires
+	`$highlight_bin` program to be available (see the description of
+	this variable in the "Configuration variables" section above),
+	and therefore is disabled by default.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.highlight` configuration variable (boolean).
+
+remote_heads::
+	Enable displaying remote heads (remote-tracking branches) in the "heads"
+	list.  In most cases the list of remote-tracking branches is an
+	unnecessary internal private detail, and this feature is therefore
+	disabled by default.  linkgit:git-instaweb[1], which is usually used
+	to browse local repositories, enables and uses this feature.
++
+This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
+repository's `gitweb.remote_heads` configuration variable (boolean).
+
+
+The remaining features cannot be overridden on a per project basis.
+
+search::
+	Enable text search, which will list the commits which match author,
+	committer or commit text to a given string; see the description of
+	`--author`, `--committer` and `--grep` options in linkgit:git-log[1]
+	manpage.  Enabled by default.
++
+Project specific override is not supported.
+
+forks::
+	If this feature is enabled, gitweb considers projects in
+	subdirectories of project root (basename) to be forks of existing
+	projects.  For each project `$projname.git`, projects in the
+	`$projname/` directory and its subdirectories will not be
+	shown in the main projects list.  Instead, a \'+' mark is shown
+	next to `$projname`, which links to a "forks" view that lists all
+	the forks (all projects in `$projname/` subdirectory).  Additionally
+	a "forks" view for a project is linked from project summary page.
++
+If the project list is taken from a file (`$projects_list` points to a
+file), forks are only recognized if they are listed after the main project
+in that file.
++
+Project specific override is not supported.
+
+actions::
+	Insert custom links to the action bar of all project pages.  This
+	allows you to link to third-party scripts integrating into gitweb.
++
+The "default" value consists of a list of triplets in the form
+`("<label>", "<link>", "<position>")` where "position" is the label
+after which to insert the link, "link" is a format string where `%n`
+expands to the project name, `%f` to the project path within the
+filesystem (i.e. "$projectroot/$project"), `%h` to the current hash
+(\'h' gitweb parameter) and `%b` to the current hash base
+(\'hb' gitweb parameter); `%%` expands to \'%'.
++
+For example, at the time this page was written, the http://repo.or.cz[]
+git hosting site set it to the following to enable graphical log
+(using the third party tool *git-browser*):
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
+$feature{'actions'}{'default'} =
+	[ ('graphiclog', '/git-browser/by-commit.html?r=%n', 'summary')];
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+This adds a link titled "graphiclog" after the "summary" link, leading to
+`git-browser` script, passing `r=<project>` as a query parameter.
++
+Project specific override is not supported.
+
+timed::
+	Enable displaying how much time and how many git commands it took to
+	generate and display each page in the page footer (at the bottom of
+	page).  For example the footer might contain: "This page took 6.53325
+	seconds and 13 git commands to generate."  Disabled by default.
++
+Project specific override is not supported.
+
+javascript-timezone::
+	Enable and configure the ability to change a common timezone for dates
+	in gitweb output via JavaScript.  Dates in gitweb output include
+	authordate and committerdate in "commit", "commitdiff" and "log"
+	views, and taggerdate in "tag" view.  Enabled by default.
++
+The value is a list of three values: a default timezone (for if the client
+hasn't selected some other timezone and saved it in a cookie), a name of cookie
+where to store selected timezone, and a CSS class used to mark up
+dates for manipulation.  If you want to turn this feature off, set "default"
+to empty list: `[]`.
++
+Typical gitweb config files will only change starting (default) timezone,
+and leave other elements at their default values:
++
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+$feature{'javascript-timezone'}{'default'}[0] = "utc";
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+The example configuration presented here is guaranteed to be backwards
+and forward compatible.
++
+Timezone values can be "local" (for local timezone that browser uses), "utc"
+(what gitweb uses when JavaScript or this feature is disabled), or numerical
+timezones in the form of "+/-HHMM", such as "+0200".
++
+Project specific override is not supported.
+
+
+EXAMPLES
+--------
+
+To enable blame, pickaxe search, and snapshot support (allowing "tar.gz" and
+"zip" snapshots), while allowing individual projects to turn them off, put
+the following in your GITWEB_CONFIG file:
+
+	$feature{'blame'}{'default'} = [1];
+	$feature{'blame'}{'override'} = 1;
+
+	$feature{'pickaxe'}{'default'} = [1];
+	$feature{'pickaxe'}{'override'} = 1;
+
+	$feature{'snapshot'}{'default'} = ['zip', 'tgz'];
+	$feature{'snapshot'}{'override'} = 1;
+
+If you allow overriding for the snapshot feature, you can specify which
+snapshot formats are globally disabled. You can also add any command line
+options you want (such as setting the compression level). For instance, you
+can disable Zip compressed snapshots and set *gzip*(1) to run at level 6 by
+adding the following lines to your gitweb configuration file:
+
+	$known_snapshot_formats{'zip'}{'disabled'} = 1;
+	$known_snapshot_formats{'tgz'}{'compressor'} = ['gzip','-6'];
+
+ENVIRONMENT
+-----------
+The location of per-instance and system-wide configuration files can be
+overridden using the following environment variables:
+
+GITWEB_CONFIG::
+	Sets location of per-instance configuration file.
+GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM::
+	Sets location of fallback system-wide configuration file.
+	This file is read only if per-instance one does not exist.
+GITWEB_CONFIG_COMMON::
+	Sets location of common system-wide configuration file.
+
+
+FILES
+-----
+gitweb_config.perl::
+	This is default name of per-instance configuration file.  The
+	format of this file is described above.
+/etc/gitweb.conf::
+	This is default name of fallback system-wide configuration
+	file.  This file is used only if per-instance configuration
+	variable is not found.
+/etc/gitweb-common.conf::
+	This is default name of common system-wide configuration
+	file.
+
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitweb[1], linkgit:git-instaweb[1]
+
+'gitweb/README', 'gitweb/INSTALL'
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..605a085
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,704 @@
+gitweb(1)
+=========
+
+NAME
+----
+gitweb - Git web interface (web frontend to Git repositories)
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+To get started with gitweb, run linkgit:git-instaweb[1] from a git repository.
+This would configure and start your web server, and run web browser pointing to
+gitweb.
+
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Gitweb provides a web interface to git repositories.  It's features include:
+
+* Viewing multiple Git repositories with common root.
+* Browsing every revision of the repository.
+* Viewing the contents of files in the repository at any revision.
+* Viewing the revision log of branches, history of files and directories,
+  see what was changed when, by who.
+* Viewing the blame/annotation details of any file (if enabled).
+* Generating RSS and Atom feeds of commits, for any branch.
+  The feeds are auto-discoverable in modern web browsers.
+* Viewing everything that was changed in a revision, and step through
+  revisions one at a time, viewing the history of the repository.
+* Finding commits which commit messages matches given search term.
+
+See http://git.kernel.org/?p=git/git.git;a=tree;f=gitweb[] or
+http://repo.or.cz/w/git.git/tree/HEAD:/gitweb/[] for gitweb source code,
+browsed using gitweb itself.
+
+
+CONFIGURATION
+-------------
+Various aspects of gitweb's behavior can be controlled through the configuration
+file 'gitweb_config.perl' or '/etc/gitweb.conf'.  See the linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]
+for details.
+
+Repositories
+~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Gitweb can show information from one or more Git repositories.  These
+repositories have to be all on local filesystem, and have to share common
+repository root, i.e. be all under a single parent repository (but see also
+"Advanced web server setup" section, "Webserver configuration with multiple
+projects' root" subsection).
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+our $projectroot = '/path/to/parent/directory';
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The default value for `$projectroot` is '/pub/git'.  You can change it during
+building gitweb via `GITWEB_PROJECTROOT` build configuration variable.
+
+By default all git repositories under `$projectroot` are visible and available
+to gitweb.  The list of projects is generated by default by scanning the
+`$projectroot` directory for git repositories (for object databases to be
+more exact; gitweb is not interested in a working area, and is best suited
+to showing "bare" repositories).
+
+The name of repository in gitweb is path to it's `$GIT_DIR` (it's object
+database) relative to `$projectroot`.  Therefore the repository $repo can be
+found at "$projectroot/$repo".
+
+
+Projects list file format
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Instead of having gitweb find repositories by scanning filesystem
+starting from $projectroot, you can provide a pre-generated list of
+visible projects by setting `$projects_list` to point to a plain text
+file with a list of projects (with some additional info).
+
+This file uses the following format:
+
+* One record (for project / repository) per line; does not support line
+continuation (newline escaping).
+
+* Leading and trailing whitespace are ignored.
+
+* Whitespace separated fields; any run of whitespace can be used as field
+separator (rules for Perl's "`split(" ", $line)`").
+
+* Fields use modified URI encoding, defined in RFC 3986, section 2.1
+(Percent-Encoding), or rather "Query string encoding" (see
+link:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_string#URL_encoding[]), the difference
+being that SP (" ") can be encoded as "{plus}" (and therefore "{plus}" has to be
+also percent-encoded).
++
+Reserved characters are: "%" (used for encoding), "{plus}" (can be used to
+encode SPACE), all whitespace characters as defined in Perl, including SP,
+TAB and LF, (used to separate fields in a record).
+
+* Currently recognized fields are:
+<repository path>::
+	path to repository GIT_DIR, relative to `$projectroot`
+<repository owner>::
+	displayed as repository owner, preferably full name, or email,
+	or both
+
+You can generate the projects list index file using the project_index action
+(the 'TXT' link on projects list page) directly from gitweb; see also
+"Generating projects list using gitweb" section below.
+
+Example contents:
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+foo.git       Joe+R+Hacker+<joe@example.com>
+foo/bar.git   O+W+Ner+<owner@example.org>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+By default this file controls only which projects are *visible* on projects
+list page (note that entries that do not point to correctly recognized git
+repositories won't be displayed by gitweb).  Even if a project is not
+visible on projects list page, you can view it nevertheless by hand-crafting
+a gitweb URL.  By setting `$strict_export` configuration variable (see
+linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]) to true value you can allow viewing only of
+repositories also shown on the overview page (i.e. only projects explicitly
+listed in projects list file will be accessible).
+
+
+Generating projects list using gitweb
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+We assume that GITWEB_CONFIG has its default Makefile value, namely
+'gitweb_config.perl'. Put the following in 'gitweb_make_index.perl' file:
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+read_config_file("gitweb_config.perl");
+$projects_list = $projectroot;
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Then create the following script to get list of project in the format
+suitable for GITWEB_LIST build configuration variable (or
+`$projects_list` variable in gitweb config):
+
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+#!/bin/sh
+
+export GITWEB_CONFIG="gitweb_make_index.perl"
+export GATEWAY_INTERFACE="CGI/1.1"
+export HTTP_ACCEPT="*/*"
+export REQUEST_METHOD="GET"
+export QUERY_STRING="a=project_index"
+
+perl -- /var/www/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Run this script and save its output to a file.  This file could then be used
+as projects list file, which means that you can set `$projects_list` to its
+filename.
+
+
+Controlling access to git repositories
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+By default all git repositories under `$projectroot` are visible and
+available to gitweb.  You can however configure how gitweb controls access
+to repositories.
+
+* As described in "Projects list file format" section, you can control which
+projects are *visible* by selectively including repositories in projects
+list file, and setting `$projects_list` gitweb configuration variable to
+point to it.  With `$strict_export` set, projects list file can be used to
+control which repositories are *available* as well.
+
+* You can configure gitweb to only list and allow viewing of the explicitly
+exported repositories, via `$export_ok` variable in gitweb config file; see
+linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] manpage.  If it evaluates to true, gitweb shows
+repositories only if this file named by `$export_ok` exists in its object
+database (if directory has the magic file named `$export_ok`).
++
+For example linkgit:git-daemon[1] by default (unless `--export-all` option
+is used) allows pulling only for those repositories that have
+'git-daemon-export-ok' file.  Adding
++
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+our $export_ok = "git-daemon-export-ok";
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+makes gitweb show and allow access only to those repositories that can be
+fetched from via `git://` protocol.
+
+* Finally, it is possible to specify an arbitrary perl subroutine that will
+be called for each repository to determine if it can be exported.  The
+subroutine receives an absolute path to the project (repository) as its only
+parameter (i.e. "$projectroot/$project").
++
+For example, if you use mod_perl to run the script, and have dumb
+HTTP protocol authentication configured for your repositories, you
+can use the following hook to allow access only if the user is
+authorized to read the files:
++
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+$export_auth_hook = sub {
+	use Apache2::SubRequest ();
+	use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(HTTP_OK);
+	my $path = "$_[0]/HEAD";
+	my $r    = Apache2::RequestUtil->request;
+	my $sub  = $r->lookup_file($path);
+	return $sub->filename eq $path
+	    && $sub->status == Apache2::Const::HTTP_OK;
+};
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Per-repository gitweb configuration
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+You can configure individual repositories shown in gitweb by creating file
+in the 'GIT_DIR' of git repository, or by setting some repo configuration
+variable (in 'GIT_DIR/config', see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+
+You can use the following files in repository:
+
+README.html::
+	A html file (HTML fragment) which is included on the gitweb project
+	"summary" page inside `<div>` block element. You can use it for longer
+	description of a project, to provide links (for example to project's
+	homepage), etc. This is recognized only if XSS prevention is off
+	(`$prevent_xss` is false, see linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]); a way to include
+	a README safely when XSS prevention is on may be worked out in the
+	future.
+
+description (or `gitweb.description`)::
+	Short (shortened to `$projects_list_description_width` in the projects
+	list page, which is 25 characters by default; see
+	linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]) single line description of a project (of a
+	repository).  Plain text file; HTML will be escaped.  By default set to
++
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+Unnamed repository; edit this file to name it for gitweb.
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+from the template during repository creation, usually installed in
+'/usr/share/git-core/templates/'.  You can use the `gitweb.description` repo
+configuration variable, but the file takes precedence.
+
+category (or `gitweb.category`)::
+	Singe line category of a project, used to group projects if
+	`$projects_list_group_categories` is enabled.  By default (file and
+	configuration variable absent), uncategorized projects are put in the
+	`$project_list_default_category` category.  You can use the
+	`gitweb.category` repo configuration variable, but the file takes
+	precedence.
++
+The configuration variables `$projects_list_group_categories` and
+`$project_list_default_category` are described in linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]
+
+cloneurl (or multiple-valued `gitweb.url`)::
+	File with repository URL (used for clone and fetch), one per line.
+	Displayed in the project summary page. You can use multiple-valued
+	`gitweb.url` repository configuration variable for that, but the file
+	takes precedence.
++
+This is per-repository enhancement / version of global prefix-based
+`@git_base_url_list` gitweb configuration variable (see
+linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]).
+
+gitweb.owner::
+	You can use the `gitweb.owner` repository configuration variable to set
+	repository's owner.  It is displayed in the project list and summary
+	page.
++
+If it's not set, filesystem directory's owner is used (via GECOS field,
+i.e. real name field from *getpwuid*(3)) if `$projects_list` is unset
+(gitweb scans `$projectroot` for repositories); if `$projects_list`
+points to file with list of repositories, then project owner defaults to
+value from this file for given repository.
+
+various `gitweb.*` config variables (in config)::
+	Read description of `%feature` hash for detailed list, and descriptions.
+	See also "Configuring gitweb features" section in linkgit:gitweb.conf[5]
+
+
+ACTIONS, AND URLS
+-----------------
+Gitweb can use path_info (component) based URLs, or it can pass all necessary
+information via query parameters.  The typical gitweb URLs are broken down in to
+five components:
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+.../gitweb.cgi/<repo>/<action>/<revision>:/<path>?<arguments>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+repo::
+	The repository the action will be performed on.
++
+All actions except for those that list all available projects,
+in whatever form, require this parameter.
+
+action::
+	The action that will be run.  Defaults to 'projects_list' if repo
+	is not set, and to 'summary' otherwise.
+
+revision::
+	Revision shown.  Defaults to HEAD.
+
+path::
+	The path within the <repository> that the action is performed on,
+	for those actions that require it.
+
+arguments::
+	Any arguments that control the behaviour of the action.
+
+Some actions require or allow to specify two revisions, and sometimes even two
+pathnames.  In most general form such path_info (component) based gitweb URL
+looks like this:
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+.../gitweb.cgi/<repo>/<action>/<revision_from>:/<path_from>..<revision_to>:/<path_to>?<arguments>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Each action is implemented as a subroutine, and must be present in %actions
+hash.  Some actions are disabled by default, and must be turned on via feature
+mechanism.  For example to enable 'blame' view add the following to gitweb
+configuration file:
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+$feature{'blame'}{'default'} = [1];
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Actions:
+~~~~~~~~
+The standard actions are:
+
+project_list::
+	Lists the available Git repositories.  This is the default command if no
+	repository is specified in the URL.
+
+summary::
+	Displays summary about given repository.  This is the default command if
+	no action is specified in URL, and only repository is specified.
+
+heads::
+remotes::
+	Lists all local or all remote-tracking branches in given repository.
++
+The latter is not available by default, unless configured.
+
+tags::
+	List all tags (lightweight and annotated) in given repository.
+
+blob::
+tree::
+	Shows the files and directories in a given repository path, at given
+	revision.  This is default command if no action is specified in the URL,
+	and path is given.
+
+blob_plain::
+	Returns the raw data for the file in given repository, at given path and
+	revision.  Links to this action are marked 'raw'.
+
+blobdiff::
+	Shows the difference between two revisions of the same file.
+
+blame::
+blame_incremental::
+	Shows the blame (also called annotation) information for a file. On a
+	per line basis it shows the revision in which that line was last changed
+	and the user that committed the change.  The incremental version (which
+	if configured is used automatically when JavaScript is enabled) uses
+	Ajax to incrementally add blame info to the contents of given file.
++
+This action is disabled by default for performance reasons.
+
+commit::
+commitdiff::
+	Shows information about a specific commit in a repository.  The 'commit'
+	view shows information about commit in more detail, the 'commitdiff'
+	action shows changeset for given commit.
+
+patch::
+	Returns the commit in plain text mail format, suitable for applying with
+	linkgit:git-am[1].
+
+tag::
+	Display specific annotated tag (tag object).
+
+log::
+shortlog::
+	Shows log information (commit message or just commit subject) for a
+	given branch (starting from given revision).
++
+The 'shortlog' view is more compact; it shows one commit per line.
+
+history::
+	Shows history of the file or directory in a given repository path,
+	starting from given revision (defaults to HEAD, i.e. default branch).
++
+This view is similar to 'shortlog' view.
+
+rss::
+atom::
+	Generates an RSS (or Atom) feed of changes to repository.
+
+
+WEBSERVER CONFIGURATION
+-----------------------
+This section explains how to configure some common webservers to run gitweb. In
+all cases, `/path/to/gitweb` in the examples is the directory you ran installed
+gitweb in, and contains `gitweb_config.perl`.
+
+If you've configured a web server that isn't listed here for gitweb, please send
+in the instructions so they can be included in a future release.
+
+Apache as CGI
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Apache must be configured to support CGI scripts in the directory in
+which gitweb is installed.  Let's assume that it is '/var/www/cgi-bin'
+directory.
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"
+
+<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
+    Options Indexes FollowSymlinks ExecCGI
+    AllowOverride None
+    Order allow,deny
+    Allow from all
+</Directory>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+With that configuration the full path to browse repositories would be:
+
+  http://server/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi
+
+Apache with mod_perl, via ModPerl::Registry
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+You can use mod_perl with gitweb.  You must install Apache::Registry
+(for mod_perl 1.x) or ModPerl::Registry (for mod_perl 2.x) to enable
+this support.
+
+Assuming that gitweb is installed to '/var/www/perl', the following
+Apache configuration (for mod_perl 2.x) is suitable.
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+Alias /perl "/var/www/perl"
+
+<Directory "/var/www/perl">
+    SetHandler perl-script
+    PerlResponseHandler ModPerl::Registry
+    PerlOptions +ParseHeaders
+    Options Indexes FollowSymlinks +ExecCGI
+    AllowOverride None
+    Order allow,deny
+    Allow from all
+</Directory>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+With that configuration the full path to browse repositories would be:
+
+  http://server/perl/gitweb.cgi
+
+Apache with FastCGI
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Gitweb works with Apache and FastCGI.  First you need to rename, copy
+or symlink gitweb.cgi to gitweb.fcgi.  Let's assume that gitweb is
+installed in '/usr/share/gitweb' directory.  The following Apache
+configuration is suitable (UNTESTED!)
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+FastCgiServer /usr/share/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
+ScriptAlias /gitweb /usr/share/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
+
+Alias /gitweb/static /usr/share/gitweb/static
+<Directory /usr/share/gitweb/static>
+    SetHandler default-handler
+</Directory>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+With that configuration the full path to browse repositories would be:
+
+  http://server/gitweb
+
+
+ADVANCED WEB SERVER SETUP
+-------------------------
+All of those examples use request rewriting, and need `mod_rewrite`
+(or equivalent; examples below are written for Apache).
+
+Single URL for gitweb and for fetching
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+If you want to have one URL for both gitweb and your `http://`
+repositories, you can configure Apache like this:
+
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+<VirtualHost *:80>
+    ServerName    git.example.org
+    DocumentRoot  /pub/git
+    SetEnv        GITWEB_CONFIG   /etc/gitweb.conf
+
+    # turning on mod rewrite
+    RewriteEngine on
+
+    # make the front page an internal rewrite to the gitweb script
+    RewriteRule ^/$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi
+
+    # make access for "dumb clients" work
+    RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ \
+		/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]
+</VirtualHost>
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The above configuration expects your public repositories to live under
+'/pub/git' and will serve them as `http://git.domain.org/dir-under-pub-git`,
+both as cloneable GIT URL and as browseable gitweb interface.  If you then
+start your linkgit:git-daemon[1] with `--base-path=/pub/git --export-all`
+then you can even use the `git://` URL with exactly the same path.
+
+Setting the environment variable `GITWEB_CONFIG` will tell gitweb to use the
+named file (i.e. in this example '/etc/gitweb.conf') as a configuration for
+gitweb.  You don't really need it in above example; it is required only if
+your configuration file is in different place than built-in (during
+compiling gitweb) 'gitweb_config.perl' or '/etc/gitweb.conf'.  See
+linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] for details, especially information about precedence
+rules.
+
+If you use the rewrite rules from the example you *might* also need
+something like the following in your gitweb configuration file
+('/etc/gitweb.conf' following example):
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+@stylesheets = ("/some/absolute/path/gitweb.css");
+$my_uri    = "/";
+$home_link = "/";
+$per_request_config = 1;
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+Nowadays though gitweb should create HTML base tag when needed (to set base
+URI for relative links), so it should work automatically.
+
+
+Webserver configuration with multiple projects' root
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+If you want to use gitweb with several project roots you can edit your
+Apache virtual host and gitweb configuration files in the following way.
+
+The virtual host configuration (in Apache configuration file) should look
+like this:
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+<VirtualHost *:80>
+    ServerName    git.example.org
+    DocumentRoot  /pub/git
+    SetEnv        GITWEB_CONFIG  /etc/gitweb.conf
+
+    # turning on mod rewrite
+    RewriteEngine on
+
+    # make the front page an internal rewrite to the gitweb script
+    RewriteRule ^/$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi  [QSA,L,PT]
+
+    # look for a public_git folder in unix users' home
+    # http://git.example.org/~<user>/
+    RewriteRule ^/\~([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
+		[QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]
+
+    # http://git.example.org/+<user>/
+    #RewriteRule ^/\+([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
+		 [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]
+
+    # http://git.example.org/user/<user>/
+    #RewriteRule ^/user/([^\/]+)/(gitweb.cgi)?$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
+		 [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]
+
+    # defined list of project roots
+    RewriteRule ^/scm(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
+		[QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/pub/scm/,L,PT]
+    RewriteRule ^/var(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
+		[QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/var/git/,L,PT]
+
+    # make access for "dumb clients" work
+    RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ \
+		/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]
+</VirtualHost>
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Here actual project root is passed to gitweb via `GITWEB_PROJECT_ROOT`
+environment variable from a web server, so you need to put the following
+line in gitweb configuration file ('/etc/gitweb.conf' in above example):
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+$projectroot = $ENV{'GITWEB_PROJECTROOT'} || "/pub/git";
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------
+*Note* that this requires to be set for each request, so either
+`$per_request_config` must be false, or the above must be put in code
+referenced by `$per_request_config`;
+
+These configurations enable two things. First, each unix user (`<user>`) of
+the server will be able to browse through gitweb git repositories found in
+'~/public_git/' with the following url:
+
+  http://git.example.org/~<user>/
+
+If you do not want this feature on your server just remove the second
+rewrite rule.
+
+If you already use `mod_userdir` in your virtual host or you don't want to
+use the \'~' as first character, just comment or remove the second rewrite
+rule, and uncomment one of the following according to what you want.
+
+Second, repositories found in '/pub/scm/' and '/var/git/' will be accessible
+through `http://git.example.org/scm/` and `http://git.example.org/var/`.
+You can add as many project roots as you want by adding rewrite rules like
+the third and the fourth.
+
+
+PATH_INFO usage
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+If you enable PATH_INFO usage in gitweb by putting
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+$feature{'pathinfo'}{'default'} = [1];
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+in your gitweb configuration file, it is possible to set up your server so
+that it consumes and produces URLs in the form
+
+  http://git.example.com/project.git/shortlog/sometag
+
+i.e. without 'gitweb.cgi' part, by using a configuration such as the
+following.  This configuration assumes that '/var/www/gitweb' is the
+DocumentRoot of your webserver, contains the gitweb.cgi script and
+complementary static files (stylesheet, favicon, JavaScript):
+
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+<VirtualHost *:80>
+	ServerAlias git.example.com
+
+	DocumentRoot /var/www/gitweb
+
+	<Directory /var/www/gitweb>
+		Options ExecCGI
+		AddHandler cgi-script cgi
+
+		DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
+
+		RewriteEngine On
+		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
+		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
+		RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]
+	</Directory>
+</VirtualHost>
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+The rewrite rule guarantees that existing static files will be properly
+served, whereas any other URL will be passed to gitweb as PATH_INFO
+parameter.
+
+*Notice* that in this case you don't need special settings for
+`@stylesheets`, `$my_uri` and `$home_link`, but you lose "dumb client"
+access to your project .git dirs (described in "Single URL for gitweb and
+for fetching" section).  A possible workaround for the latter is the
+following: in your project root dir (e.g. '/pub/git') have the projects
+named *without* a .git extension (e.g. '/pub/git/project' instead of
+'/pub/git/project.git') and configure Apache as follows:
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+<VirtualHost *:80>
+	ServerAlias git.example.com
+
+	DocumentRoot /var/www/gitweb
+
+	AliasMatch ^(/.*?)(\.git)(/.*)?$ /pub/git$1$3
+	<Directory /var/www/gitweb>
+		Options ExecCGI
+		AddHandler cgi-script cgi
+
+		DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
+
+		RewriteEngine On
+		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
+		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
+		RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]
+	</Directory>
+</VirtualHost>
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The additional AliasMatch makes it so that
+
+  http://git.example.com/project.git
+
+will give raw access to the project's git dir (so that the project can be
+cloned), while
+
+  http://git.example.com/project
+
+will provide human-friendly gitweb access.
+
+This solution is not 100% bulletproof, in the sense that if some project has
+a named ref (branch, tag) starting with 'git/', then paths such as
+
+  http://git.example.com/project/command/abranch..git/abranch
+
+will fail with a 404 error.
+
+
+BUGS
+----
+Please report any bugs or feature requests to git@vger.kernel.org,
+putting "gitweb" in the subject of email.
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitweb.conf[5], linkgit:git-instaweb[1]
+
+'gitweb/README', 'gitweb/INSTALL'
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-options.txt b/Documentation/merge-options.txt
index b613d4e..1a5c12e 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-options.txt
@@ -7,6 +7,11 @@
 failed and do not autocommit, to give the user a chance to
 inspect and further tweak the merge result before committing.
 
+--edit::
+-e::
+	Invoke editor before committing successful merge to further
+	edit the default merge message.
+
 --ff::
 --no-ff::
 	Do not generate a merge commit if the merge resolved as
diff --git a/Documentation/sequencer.txt b/Documentation/sequencer.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5747f44
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/sequencer.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+--continue::
+	Continue the operation in progress using the information in
+	'.git/sequencer'.  Can be used to continue after resolving
+	conflicts in a failed cherry-pick or revert.
+
+--quit::
+	Forget about the current operation in progress.  Can be used
+	to clear the sequencer state after a failed cherry-pick or
+	revert.
+
+--abort::
+	Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence state.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
index f6a4a36..4b92514 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
@@ -135,9 +135,14 @@
 	describes the group or an empty string.
 	Start the description with an upper-case letter.
 
-`OPT_BOOLEAN(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
-	Introduce a boolean option.
-	`int_var` is incremented on each use.
+`OPT_BOOL(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
+	Introduce a boolean option. `int_var` is set to one with
+	`--option` and set to zero with `--no-option`.
+
+`OPT_COUNTUP(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
+	Introduce a count-up option.
+	`int_var` is incremented on each use of `--option`, and
+	reset to zero with `--no-option`.
 
 `OPT_BIT(short, long, &int_var, description, mask)`::
 	Introduce a boolean option.
@@ -148,8 +153,9 @@
 	If used, `int_var` is bitwise-anded with the inverted `mask`.
 
 `OPT_SET_INT(short, long, &int_var, description, integer)`::
-	Introduce a boolean option.
-	If used, set `int_var` to `integer`.
+	Introduce an integer option.
+	`int_var` is set to `integer` with `--option`, and
+	reset to zero with `--no-option`.
 
 `OPT_SET_PTR(short, long, &ptr_var, description, ptr)`::
 	Introduce a boolean option.
@@ -198,6 +204,11 @@
 	"auto", set `int_var` to 1 if stdout is a tty or a pager,
 	0 otherwise.
 
+`OPT_NOOP_NOARG(short, long)`::
+	Introduce an option that has no effect and takes no arguments.
+	Use it to hide deprecated options that are still to be recognized
+	and ignored silently.
+
 
 The last element of the array must be `OPT_END()`.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
index a7004c6..546980c 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
@@ -60,6 +60,13 @@
      "0039git-upload-pack /schacon/gitbook.git\0host=example.com\0" |
      nc -v example.com 9418
 
+If the server refuses the request for some reasons, it could abort
+gracefully with an error message.
+
+----
+  error-line     =  PKT-LINE("ERR" SP explanation-text)
+----
+
 
 SSH Transport
 -------------
diff --git a/GIT-VERSION-GEN b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
index 2feae58..3d2a089 100755
--- a/GIT-VERSION-GEN
+++ b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 #!/bin/sh
 
 GVF=GIT-VERSION-FILE
-DEF_VER=v1.7.7.6
+DEF_VER=v1.7.8.3
 
 LF='
 '
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 5dbe4f7..b21d2f1 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -57,8 +57,8 @@
 #
 # Define NO_STRLCPY if you don't have strlcpy.
 #
-# Define NO_STRTOUMAX if you don't have strtoumax in the C library.
-# If your compiler also does not support long long or does not have
+# Define NO_STRTOUMAX if you don't have both strtoimax and strtoumax in the
+# C library. If your compiler also does not support long long or does not have
 # strtoull, define NO_STRTOULL.
 #
 # Define NO_SETENV if you don't have setenv in the C library.
@@ -250,9 +250,11 @@
 #   DEFAULT_EDITOR='$GIT_FALLBACK_EDITOR',
 #   DEFAULT_EDITOR='"C:\Program Files\Vim\gvim.exe" --nofork'
 #
-# Define COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES if your compiler supports the -MMD option
-# and you want to avoid rebuilding objects when an unrelated header file
-# changes.
+# Define COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES to "yes" if you want dependencies on
+# header files to be automatically computed, to avoid rebuilding objects when
+# an unrelated header file changes.  Define it to "no" to use the hard-coded
+# dependency rules.  The default is "auto", which means to use computed header
+# dependencies if your compiler is detected to support it.
 #
 # Define CHECK_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES to check for problems in the hard-coded
 # dependency rules.
@@ -519,8 +521,9 @@
 LIB_H += compat/obstack.h
 LIB_H += compat/win32/pthread.h
 LIB_H += compat/win32/syslog.h
-LIB_H += compat/win32/sys/poll.h
+LIB_H += compat/win32/poll.h
 LIB_H += compat/win32/dirent.h
+LIB_H += connected.h
 LIB_H += convert.h
 LIB_H += csum-file.h
 LIB_H += decorate.h
@@ -563,6 +566,7 @@
 LIB_H += resolve-undo.h
 LIB_H += revision.h
 LIB_H += run-command.h
+LIB_H += sequencer.h
 LIB_H += sha1-array.h
 LIB_H += sha1-lookup.h
 LIB_H += sideband.h
@@ -602,6 +606,7 @@
 LIB_OBJS += compat/obstack.o
 LIB_OBJS += config.o
 LIB_OBJS += connect.o
+LIB_OBJS += connected.o
 LIB_OBJS += convert.o
 LIB_OBJS += copy.o
 LIB_OBJS += csum-file.o
@@ -671,6 +676,7 @@
 LIB_OBJS += run-command.o
 LIB_OBJS += server-info.o
 LIB_OBJS += setup.o
+LIB_OBJS += sequencer.o
 LIB_OBJS += sha1-array.o
 LIB_OBJS += sha1-lookup.o
 LIB_OBJS += sha1_file.o
@@ -1089,6 +1095,7 @@
 	NO_PREAD = YesPlease
 	NEEDS_CRYPTO_WITH_SSL = YesPlease
 	NO_LIBGEN_H = YesPlease
+	NO_SYS_POLL_H = YesPlease
 	NO_SYMLINK_HEAD = YesPlease
 	NO_IPV6 = YesPlease
 	NO_SETENV = YesPlease
@@ -1127,7 +1134,7 @@
 	BASIC_CFLAGS = -nologo -I. -I../zlib -Icompat/vcbuild -Icompat/vcbuild/include -DWIN32 -D_CONSOLE -DHAVE_STRING_H -D_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS -D_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE
 	COMPAT_OBJS = compat/msvc.o compat/winansi.o \
 		compat/win32/pthread.o compat/win32/syslog.o \
-		compat/win32/sys/poll.o compat/win32/dirent.o
+		compat/win32/poll.o compat/win32/dirent.o
 	COMPAT_CFLAGS = -D__USE_MINGW_ACCESS -DNOGDI -DHAVE_STRING_H -DHAVE_ALLOCA_H -Icompat -Icompat/regex -Icompat/win32 -DSTRIP_EXTENSION=\".exe\"
 	BASIC_LDFLAGS = -IGNORE:4217 -IGNORE:4049 -NOLOGO -SUBSYSTEM:CONSOLE -NODEFAULTLIB:MSVCRT.lib
 	EXTLIBS = user32.lib advapi32.lib shell32.lib wininet.lib ws2_32.lib
@@ -1182,6 +1189,7 @@
 	NO_PREAD = YesPlease
 	NEEDS_CRYPTO_WITH_SSL = YesPlease
 	NO_LIBGEN_H = YesPlease
+	NO_SYS_POLL_H = YesPlease
 	NO_SYMLINK_HEAD = YesPlease
 	NO_SETENV = YesPlease
 	NO_UNSETENV = YesPlease
@@ -1215,7 +1223,7 @@
 	COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DSTRIP_EXTENSION=\".exe\"
 	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/mingw.o compat/winansi.o \
 		compat/win32/pthread.o compat/win32/syslog.o \
-		compat/win32/sys/poll.o compat/win32/dirent.o
+		compat/win32/poll.o compat/win32/dirent.o
 	EXTLIBS += -lws2_32
 	PTHREAD_LIBS =
 	X = .exe
@@ -1244,12 +1252,32 @@
 endif
 
 ifdef CHECK_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES
-COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES =
+COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES = no
 USE_COMPUTED_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES =
 endif
 
-ifdef COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES
+ifndef COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES
+COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES = auto
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES),auto)
+dep_check = $(shell $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) \
+	-c -MF /dev/null -MMD -MP -x c /dev/null -o /dev/null 2>&1; \
+	echo $$?)
+ifeq ($(dep_check),0)
+override COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES = yes
+else
+override COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES = no
+endif
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES),yes)
 USE_COMPUTED_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES = YesPlease
+else
+ifneq ($(COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES),no)
+$(error please set COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES to yes, no, or auto \
+(not "$(COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES)"))
+endif
 endif
 
 ifdef SANE_TOOL_PATH
@@ -1450,7 +1478,7 @@
 endif
 ifdef NO_STRTOUMAX
 	COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DNO_STRTOUMAX
-	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/strtoumax.o
+	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/strtoumax.o compat/strtoimax.o
 endif
 ifdef NO_STRTOULL
 	COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DNO_STRTOULL
@@ -1896,9 +1924,9 @@
 dep_files := $(foreach f,$(OBJECTS),$(dir $f).depend/$(notdir $f).d)
 dep_dirs := $(addsuffix .depend,$(sort $(dir $(OBJECTS))))
 
-ifdef COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES
+ifeq ($(COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES),yes)
 $(dep_dirs):
-	mkdir -p $@
+	@mkdir -p $@
 
 missing_dep_dirs := $(filter-out $(wildcard $(dep_dirs)),$(dep_dirs))
 dep_file = $(dir $@).depend/$(notdir $@).d
@@ -1909,7 +1937,7 @@
 endif
 endif
 
-ifndef COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES
+ifneq ($(COMPUTE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES),yes)
 ifndef CHECK_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES
 dep_dirs =
 missing_dep_dirs =
@@ -2119,17 +2147,21 @@
 
 pot: po/git.pot
 
+FIND_SOURCE_FILES = ( git ls-files '*.[hcS]' 2>/dev/null || \
+			$(FIND) . \( -name .git -type d -prune \) \
+				-o \( -name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print \) )
+
 $(ETAGS_TARGET): FORCE
 	$(RM) $(ETAGS_TARGET)
-	$(FIND) . -name '*.[hcS]' -print | xargs etags -a -o $(ETAGS_TARGET)
+	$(FIND_SOURCE_FILES) | xargs etags -a -o $(ETAGS_TARGET)
 
 tags: FORCE
 	$(RM) tags
-	$(FIND) . -name '*.[hcS]' -print | xargs ctags -a
+	$(FIND_SOURCE_FILES) | xargs ctags -a
 
 cscope:
 	$(RM) cscope*
-	$(FIND) . -name '*.[hcS]' -print | xargs cscope -b
+	$(FIND_SOURCE_FILES) | xargs cscope -b
 
 ### Detect prefix changes
 TRACK_CFLAGS = $(CC):$(subst ','\'',$(ALL_CFLAGS)):\
@@ -2284,8 +2316,7 @@
 	$(INSTALL) $(install_bindir_programs) '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(bindir_SQ)'
 	$(MAKE) -C templates DESTDIR='$(DESTDIR_SQ)' install
 	$(INSTALL) -d -m 755 '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(mergetools_instdir_SQ)'
-	(cd mergetools && $(TAR) cf - .) | \
-	(cd '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(mergetools_instdir_SQ)' && umask 022 && $(TAR) xof -)
+	$(INSTALL) -m 644 mergetools/* '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(mergetools_instdir_SQ)'
 ifndef NO_PERL
 	$(MAKE) -C perl prefix='$(prefix_SQ)' DESTDIR='$(DESTDIR_SQ)' install
 	$(MAKE) -C gitweb install
diff --git a/RelNotes b/RelNotes
index 472b958..5c6b14b 120000
--- a/RelNotes
+++ b/RelNotes
@@ -1 +1 @@
-Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.6.txt
\ No newline at end of file
+Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/advice.c b/advice.c
index 0be4b5f..e02e632 100644
--- a/advice.c
+++ b/advice.c
@@ -19,6 +19,15 @@
 	{ "detachedhead", &advice_detached_head },
 };
 
+void advise(const char *advice, ...)
+{
+	va_list params;
+
+	va_start(params, advice);
+	vreportf("hint: ", advice, params);
+	va_end(params);
+}
+
 int git_default_advice_config(const char *var, const char *value)
 {
 	const char *k = skip_prefix(var, "advice.");
@@ -34,16 +43,24 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-void NORETURN die_resolve_conflict(const char *me)
+int error_resolve_conflict(const char *me)
 {
-	if (advice_resolve_conflict)
+	error("'%s' is not possible because you have unmerged files.", me);
+	if (advice_resolve_conflict) {
 		/*
 		 * Message used both when 'git commit' fails and when
 		 * other commands doing a merge do.
 		 */
-		die("'%s' is not possible because you have unmerged files.\n"
-		    "Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as\n"
-		    "appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'.", me);
-	else
-		die("'%s' is not possible because you have unmerged files.", me);
+		advise("Fix them up in the work tree,");
+		advise("and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as");
+		advise("appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit,");
+		advise("or use 'git commit -a'.");
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+
+void NORETURN die_resolve_conflict(const char *me)
+{
+	error_resolve_conflict(me);
+	die("Exiting because of an unresolved conflict.");
 }
diff --git a/advice.h b/advice.h
index 3244ebb..e5d0af7 100644
--- a/advice.h
+++ b/advice.h
@@ -11,7 +11,8 @@
 extern int advice_detached_head;
 
 int git_default_advice_config(const char *var, const char *value);
-
+void advise(const char *advice, ...);
+int error_resolve_conflict(const char *me);
 extern void NORETURN die_resolve_conflict(const char *me);
 
 #endif /* ADVICE_H */
diff --git a/archive.c b/archive.c
index 3fd7f47..164bbd0 100644
--- a/archive.c
+++ b/archive.c
@@ -247,7 +247,8 @@
 }
 
 static void parse_treeish_arg(const char **argv,
-		struct archiver_args *ar_args, const char *prefix)
+		struct archiver_args *ar_args, const char *prefix,
+		int remote)
 {
 	const char *name = argv[0];
 	const unsigned char *commit_sha1;
@@ -256,8 +257,17 @@
 	const struct commit *commit;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 
-	if (get_sha1(name, sha1))
-		die("Not a valid object name");
+	/* Remotes are only allowed to fetch actual refs */
+	if (remote) {
+		char *ref = NULL;
+		if (!dwim_ref(name, strlen(name), sha1, &ref))
+			die("no such ref: %s", name);
+		free(ref);
+	}
+	else {
+		if (get_sha1(name, sha1))
+			die("Not a valid object name");
+	}
 
 	commit = lookup_commit_reference_gently(sha1, 1);
 	if (commit) {
@@ -318,7 +328,7 @@
 			"prepend prefix to each pathname in the archive"),
 		OPT_STRING('o', "output", &output, "file",
 			"write the archive to this file"),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "worktree-attributes", &worktree_attributes,
+		OPT_BOOL(0, "worktree-attributes", &worktree_attributes,
 			"read .gitattributes in working directory"),
 		OPT__VERBOSE(&verbose, "report archived files on stderr"),
 		OPT__COMPR('0', &compression_level, "store only", 0),
@@ -332,7 +342,7 @@
 		OPT__COMPR_HIDDEN('8', &compression_level, 8),
 		OPT__COMPR('9', &compression_level, "compress better", 9),
 		OPT_GROUP(""),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('l', "list", &list,
+		OPT_BOOL('l', "list", &list,
 			"list supported archive formats"),
 		OPT_GROUP(""),
 		OPT_STRING(0, "remote", &remote, "repo",
@@ -414,7 +424,7 @@
 		setup_git_directory();
 	}
 
-	parse_treeish_arg(argv, &args, prefix);
+	parse_treeish_arg(argv, &args, prefix, remote);
 	parse_pathspec_arg(argv + 1, &args);
 
 	return ar->write_archive(ar, &args);
diff --git a/bisect.c b/bisect.c
index de05bf8..6e186e2 100644
--- a/bisect.c
+++ b/bisect.c
@@ -800,25 +800,25 @@
 {
 	struct rev_info revs;
 	struct object_array pending_copy;
-	int i, res;
+	int res;
 
 	bisect_rev_setup(&revs, prefix, "^%s", "%s", 0);
 
 	/* Save pending objects, so they can be cleaned up later. */
-	memset(&pending_copy, 0, sizeof(pending_copy));
-	for (i = 0; i < revs.pending.nr; i++)
-		add_object_array(revs.pending.objects[i].item,
-				 revs.pending.objects[i].name,
-				 &pending_copy);
+	pending_copy = revs.pending;
+	revs.leak_pending = 1;
 
+	/*
+	 * bisect_common calls prepare_revision_walk right away, which
+	 * (together with .leak_pending = 1) makes us the sole owner of
+	 * the list of pending objects.
+	 */
 	bisect_common(&revs);
 	res = (revs.commits != NULL);
 
 	/* Clean up objects used, as they will be reused. */
-	for (i = 0; i < pending_copy.nr; i++) {
-		struct object *o = pending_copy.objects[i].item;
-		clear_commit_marks((struct commit *)o, ALL_REV_FLAGS);
-	}
+	clear_commit_marks_for_object_array(&pending_copy, ALL_REV_FLAGS);
+	free(pending_copy.objects);
 
 	return res;
 }
diff --git a/branch.c b/branch.c
index fecedd3..d7fd267 100644
--- a/branch.c
+++ b/branch.c
@@ -159,7 +159,8 @@
 
 void create_branch(const char *head,
 		   const char *name, const char *start_name,
-		   int force, int reflog, enum branch_track track)
+		   int force, int reflog, int clobber_head,
+		   enum branch_track track)
 {
 	struct ref_lock *lock = NULL;
 	struct commit *commit;
@@ -174,7 +175,8 @@
 		explicit_tracking = 1;
 
 	if (validate_new_branchname(name, &ref, force,
-				    track == BRANCH_TRACK_OVERRIDE)) {
+				    track == BRANCH_TRACK_OVERRIDE ||
+				    clobber_head)) {
 		if (!force)
 			dont_change_ref = 1;
 		else
@@ -240,6 +242,7 @@
 void remove_branch_state(void)
 {
 	unlink(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD"));
+	unlink(git_path("REVERT_HEAD"));
 	unlink(git_path("MERGE_HEAD"));
 	unlink(git_path("MERGE_RR"));
 	unlink(git_path("MERGE_MSG"));
diff --git a/branch.h b/branch.h
index 1285158..e125ff4 100644
--- a/branch.h
+++ b/branch.h
@@ -13,7 +13,8 @@
  * branch for (if any).
  */
 void create_branch(const char *head, const char *name, const char *start_name,
-		   int force, int reflog, enum branch_track track);
+		   int force, int reflog,
+		   int clobber_head, enum branch_track track);
 
 /*
  * Validates that the requested branch may be created, returning the
diff --git a/builtin/apply.c b/builtin/apply.c
index 082fe8f..c24dc54 100644
--- a/builtin/apply.c
+++ b/builtin/apply.c
@@ -3587,15 +3587,12 @@
 	return -1;
 }
 
-static int write_out_results(struct patch *list, int skipped_patch)
+static int write_out_results(struct patch *list)
 {
 	int phase;
 	int errs = 0;
 	struct patch *l;
 
-	if (!list && !skipped_patch)
-		return error("No changes");
-
 	for (phase = 0; phase < 2; phase++) {
 		l = list;
 		while (l) {
@@ -3721,6 +3718,9 @@
 		offset += nr;
 	}
 
+	if (!list && !skipped_patch)
+		die("unrecognized input");
+
 	if (whitespace_error && (ws_error_action == die_on_ws_error))
 		apply = 0;
 
@@ -3738,7 +3738,7 @@
 	    !apply_with_reject)
 		exit(1);
 
-	if (apply && write_out_results(list, skipped_patch))
+	if (apply && write_out_results(list))
 		exit(1);
 
 	if (fake_ancestor)
@@ -3838,7 +3838,6 @@
 	int i;
 	int errs = 0;
 	int is_not_gitdir = !startup_info->have_repository;
-	int binary;
 	int force_apply = 0;
 
 	const char *whitespace_option = NULL;
@@ -3857,12 +3856,8 @@
 			"ignore additions made by the patch"),
 		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "stat", &diffstat,
 			"instead of applying the patch, output diffstat for the input"),
-		{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 0, "allow-binary-replacement", &binary,
-		  NULL, "old option, now no-op",
-		  PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN | PARSE_OPT_NOARG },
-		{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 0, "binary", &binary,
-		  NULL, "old option, now no-op",
-		  PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN | PARSE_OPT_NOARG },
+		OPT_NOOP_NOARG(0, "allow-binary-replacement"),
+		OPT_NOOP_NOARG(0, "binary"),
 		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "numstat", &numstat,
 			"shows number of added and deleted lines in decimal notation"),
 		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "summary", &summary,
diff --git a/builtin/blame.c b/builtin/blame.c
index 3e1f7e1..5a67c20 100644
--- a/builtin/blame.c
+++ b/builtin/blame.c
@@ -2096,6 +2096,7 @@
 	if (!contents_from || strcmp("-", contents_from)) {
 		struct stat st;
 		const char *read_from;
+		char *buf_ptr;
 		unsigned long buf_len;
 
 		if (contents_from) {
@@ -2113,8 +2114,8 @@
 		switch (st.st_mode & S_IFMT) {
 		case S_IFREG:
 			if (DIFF_OPT_TST(opt, ALLOW_TEXTCONV) &&
-			    textconv_object(read_from, mode, null_sha1, &buf.buf, &buf_len))
-				buf.len = buf_len;
+			    textconv_object(read_from, mode, null_sha1, &buf_ptr, &buf_len))
+				strbuf_attach(&buf, buf_ptr, buf_len, buf_len + 1);
 			else if (strbuf_read_file(&buf, read_from, st.st_size) != st.st_size)
 				die_errno("cannot open or read '%s'", read_from);
 			break;
diff --git a/builtin/branch.c b/builtin/branch.c
index f49596f..df908ed 100644
--- a/builtin/branch.c
+++ b/builtin/branch.c
@@ -260,9 +260,22 @@
 
 struct append_ref_cb {
 	struct ref_list *ref_list;
+	const char **pattern;
 	int ret;
 };
 
+static int match_patterns(const char **pattern, const char *refname)
+{
+	if (!*pattern)
+		return 1; /* no pattern always matches */
+	while (*pattern) {
+		if (!fnmatch(*pattern, refname, 0))
+			return 1;
+		pattern++;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int append_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1, int flags, void *cb_data)
 {
 	struct append_ref_cb *cb = (struct append_ref_cb *)(cb_data);
@@ -297,6 +310,9 @@
 	if ((kind & ref_list->kinds) == 0)
 		return 0;
 
+	if (!match_patterns(cb->pattern, refname))
+		return 0;
+
 	commit = NULL;
 	if (ref_list->verbose || ref_list->with_commit || merge_filter != NO_FILTER) {
 		commit = lookup_commit_reference_gently(sha1, 1);
@@ -492,7 +508,7 @@
 	}
 }
 
-static int print_ref_list(int kinds, int detached, int verbose, int abbrev, struct commit_list *with_commit)
+static int print_ref_list(int kinds, int detached, int verbose, int abbrev, struct commit_list *with_commit, const char **pattern)
 {
 	int i;
 	struct append_ref_cb cb;
@@ -506,6 +522,7 @@
 	if (merge_filter != NO_FILTER)
 		init_revisions(&ref_list.revs, NULL);
 	cb.ref_list = &ref_list;
+	cb.pattern = pattern;
 	cb.ret = 0;
 	for_each_rawref(append_ref, &cb);
 	if (merge_filter != NO_FILTER) {
@@ -523,7 +540,7 @@
 	qsort(ref_list.list, ref_list.index, sizeof(struct ref_item), ref_cmp);
 
 	detached = (detached && (kinds & REF_LOCAL_BRANCH));
-	if (detached)
+	if (detached && match_patterns(pattern, "HEAD"))
 		show_detached(&ref_list);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < ref_list.index; i++) {
@@ -551,6 +568,7 @@
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	struct strbuf oldsection = STRBUF_INIT, newsection = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int recovery = 0;
+	int clobber_head_ok;
 
 	if (!oldname)
 		die(_("cannot rename the current branch while not on any."));
@@ -566,7 +584,13 @@
 			die(_("Invalid branch name: '%s'"), oldname);
 	}
 
-	validate_new_branchname(newname, &newref, force, 0);
+	/*
+	 * A command like "git branch -M currentbranch currentbranch" cannot
+	 * cause the worktree to become inconsistent with HEAD, so allow it.
+	 */
+	clobber_head_ok = !strcmp(oldname, newname);
+
+	validate_new_branchname(newname, &newref, force, clobber_head_ok);
 
 	strbuf_addf(&logmsg, "Branch: renamed %s to %s",
 		 oldref.buf, newref.buf);
@@ -608,7 +632,7 @@
 
 int cmd_branch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
-	int delete = 0, rename = 0, force_create = 0;
+	int delete = 0, rename = 0, force_create = 0, list = 0;
 	int verbose = 0, abbrev = -1, detached = 0;
 	int reflog = 0;
 	enum branch_track track;
@@ -624,7 +648,7 @@
 		OPT_SET_INT( 0, "set-upstream",  &track, "change upstream info",
 			BRANCH_TRACK_OVERRIDE),
 		OPT__COLOR(&branch_use_color, "use colored output"),
-		OPT_SET_INT('r', NULL,     &kinds, "act on remote-tracking branches",
+		OPT_SET_INT('r', "remotes",     &kinds, "act on remote-tracking branches",
 			REF_REMOTE_BRANCH),
 		{
 			OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "contains", &with_commit, "commit",
@@ -641,13 +665,14 @@
 		OPT__ABBREV(&abbrev),
 
 		OPT_GROUP("Specific git-branch actions:"),
-		OPT_SET_INT('a', NULL, &kinds, "list both remote-tracking and local branches",
+		OPT_SET_INT('a', "all", &kinds, "list both remote-tracking and local branches",
 			REF_REMOTE_BRANCH | REF_LOCAL_BRANCH),
-		OPT_BIT('d', NULL, &delete, "delete fully merged branch", 1),
+		OPT_BIT('d', "delete", &delete, "delete fully merged branch", 1),
 		OPT_BIT('D', NULL, &delete, "delete branch (even if not merged)", 2),
-		OPT_BIT('m', NULL, &rename, "move/rename a branch and its reflog", 1),
+		OPT_BIT('m', "move", &rename, "move/rename a branch and its reflog", 1),
 		OPT_BIT('M', NULL, &rename, "move/rename a branch, even if target exists", 2),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('l', NULL, &reflog, "create the branch's reflog"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "list", &list, "list branch names"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('l', "create-reflog", &reflog, "create the branch's reflog"),
 		OPT__FORCE(&force_create, "force creation (when already exists)"),
 		{
 			OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "no-merged", &merge_filter_ref,
@@ -686,7 +711,11 @@
 
 	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options, builtin_branch_usage,
 			     0);
-	if (!!delete + !!rename + !!force_create > 1)
+
+	if (!delete && !rename && argc == 0)
+		list = 1;
+
+	if (!!delete + !!rename + !!force_create + !!list > 1)
 		usage_with_options(builtin_branch_usage, options);
 
 	if (abbrev == -1)
@@ -694,17 +723,21 @@
 
 	if (delete)
 		return delete_branches(argc, argv, delete > 1, kinds);
-	else if (argc == 0)
-		return print_ref_list(kinds, detached, verbose, abbrev, with_commit);
-	else if (rename && (argc == 1))
-		rename_branch(head, argv[0], rename > 1);
-	else if (rename && (argc == 2))
-		rename_branch(argv[0], argv[1], rename > 1);
-	else if (argc <= 2) {
+	else if (list)
+		return print_ref_list(kinds, detached, verbose, abbrev,
+				      with_commit, argv);
+	else if (rename) {
+		if (argc == 1)
+			rename_branch(head, argv[0], rename > 1);
+		else if (argc == 2)
+			rename_branch(argv[0], argv[1], rename > 1);
+		else
+			usage_with_options(builtin_branch_usage, options);
+	} else if (argc > 0 && argc <= 2) {
 		if (kinds != REF_LOCAL_BRANCH)
 			die(_("-a and -r options to 'git branch' do not make sense with a branch name"));
 		create_branch(head, argv[0], (argc == 2) ? argv[1] : head,
-			      force_create, reflog, track);
+			      force_create, reflog, 0, track);
 	} else
 		usage_with_options(builtin_branch_usage, options);
 
diff --git a/builtin/check-attr.c b/builtin/check-attr.c
index abb1165..44c421e 100644
--- a/builtin/check-attr.c
+++ b/builtin/check-attr.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
 #include "parse-options.h"
 
 static int all_attrs;
+static int cached_attrs;
 static int stdin_paths;
 static const char * const check_attr_usage[] = {
 "git check-attr [-a | --all | attr...] [--] pathname...",
@@ -16,6 +17,7 @@
 
 static const struct option check_attr_options[] = {
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('a', "all", &all_attrs, "report all attributes set on file"),
+	OPT_BOOLEAN(0,  "cached", &cached_attrs, "use .gitattributes only from the index"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN(0 , "stdin", &stdin_paths, "read file names from stdin"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('z', NULL, &null_term_line,
 		"input paths are terminated by a null character"),
@@ -101,6 +103,9 @@
 		die("invalid cache");
 	}
 
+	if (cached_attrs)
+		git_attr_set_direction(GIT_ATTR_INDEX, NULL);
+
 	doubledash = -1;
 	for (i = 0; doubledash < 0 && i < argc; i++) {
 		if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--"))
diff --git a/builtin/check-ref-format.c b/builtin/check-ref-format.c
index 0723cf2..28a7320 100644
--- a/builtin/check-ref-format.c
+++ b/builtin/check-ref-format.c
@@ -8,29 +8,32 @@
 #include "strbuf.h"
 
 static const char builtin_check_ref_format_usage[] =
-"git check-ref-format [--print] <refname>\n"
+"git check-ref-format [--normalize] [options] <refname>\n"
 "   or: git check-ref-format --branch <branchname-shorthand>";
 
 /*
- * Remove leading slashes and replace each run of adjacent slashes in
- * src with a single slash, and write the result to dst.
+ * Return a copy of refname but with leading slashes removed and runs
+ * of adjacent slashes replaced with single slashes.
  *
  * This function is similar to normalize_path_copy(), but stripped down
  * to meet check_ref_format's simpler needs.
  */
-static void collapse_slashes(char *dst, const char *src)
+static char *collapse_slashes(const char *refname)
 {
+	char *ret = xmalloc(strlen(refname) + 1);
 	char ch;
 	char prev = '/';
+	char *cp = ret;
 
-	while ((ch = *src++) != '\0') {
+	while ((ch = *refname++) != '\0') {
 		if (prev == '/' && ch == prev)
 			continue;
 
-		*dst++ = ch;
+		*cp++ = ch;
 		prev = ch;
 	}
-	*dst = '\0';
+	*cp = '\0';
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int check_ref_format_branch(const char *arg)
@@ -45,27 +48,41 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int check_ref_format_print(const char *arg)
-{
-	char *refname = xmalloc(strlen(arg) + 1);
-
-	if (check_ref_format(arg))
-		return 1;
-	collapse_slashes(refname, arg);
-	printf("%s\n", refname);
-	return 0;
-}
-
 int cmd_check_ref_format(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
+	int i;
+	int normalize = 0;
+	int flags = 0;
+	const char *refname;
+
 	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h"))
 		usage(builtin_check_ref_format_usage);
 
 	if (argc == 3 && !strcmp(argv[1], "--branch"))
 		return check_ref_format_branch(argv[2]);
-	if (argc == 3 && !strcmp(argv[1], "--print"))
-		return check_ref_format_print(argv[2]);
-	if (argc != 2)
+
+	for (i = 1; i < argc && argv[i][0] == '-'; i++) {
+		if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--normalize") || !strcmp(argv[i], "--print"))
+			normalize = 1;
+		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--allow-onelevel"))
+			flags |= REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL;
+		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--no-allow-onelevel"))
+			flags &= ~REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL;
+		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--refspec-pattern"))
+			flags |= REFNAME_REFSPEC_PATTERN;
+		else
+			usage(builtin_check_ref_format_usage);
+	}
+	if (! (i == argc - 1))
 		usage(builtin_check_ref_format_usage);
-	return !!check_ref_format(argv[1]);
+
+	refname = argv[i];
+	if (normalize)
+		refname = collapse_slashes(refname);
+	if (check_refname_format(refname, flags))
+		return 1;
+	if (normalize)
+		printf("%s\n", refname);
+
+	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/checkout.c b/builtin/checkout.c
index 7ea9f29..e79003f 100644
--- a/builtin/checkout.c
+++ b/builtin/checkout.c
@@ -114,16 +114,21 @@
 		return error(_("path '%s' does not have their version"), ce->name);
 }
 
-static int check_all_stages(struct cache_entry *ce, int pos)
+static int check_stages(unsigned stages, struct cache_entry *ce, int pos)
 {
-	if (ce_stage(ce) != 1 ||
-	    active_nr <= pos + 2 ||
-	    strcmp(active_cache[pos+1]->name, ce->name) ||
-	    ce_stage(active_cache[pos+1]) != 2 ||
-	    strcmp(active_cache[pos+2]->name, ce->name) ||
-	    ce_stage(active_cache[pos+2]) != 3)
-		return error(_("path '%s' does not have all three versions"),
-			     ce->name);
+	unsigned seen = 0;
+	const char *name = ce->name;
+
+	while (pos < active_nr) {
+		ce = active_cache[pos];
+		if (strcmp(name, ce->name))
+			break;
+		seen |= (1 << ce_stage(ce));
+		pos++;
+	}
+	if ((stages & seen) != stages)
+		return error(_("path '%s' does not have all necessary versions"),
+			     name);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -150,18 +155,27 @@
 	int status;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	mmbuffer_t result_buf;
+	unsigned char threeway[3][20];
+	unsigned mode = 0;
 
-	if (ce_stage(ce) != 1 ||
-	    active_nr <= pos + 2 ||
-	    strcmp(active_cache[pos+1]->name, path) ||
-	    ce_stage(active_cache[pos+1]) != 2 ||
-	    strcmp(active_cache[pos+2]->name, path) ||
-	    ce_stage(active_cache[pos+2]) != 3)
-		return error(_("path '%s' does not have all 3 versions"), path);
+	memset(threeway, 0, sizeof(threeway));
+	while (pos < active_nr) {
+		int stage;
+		stage = ce_stage(ce);
+		if (!stage || strcmp(path, ce->name))
+			break;
+		hashcpy(threeway[stage - 1], ce->sha1);
+		if (stage == 2)
+			mode = create_ce_mode(ce->ce_mode);
+		pos++;
+		ce = active_cache[pos];
+	}
+	if (is_null_sha1(threeway[1]) || is_null_sha1(threeway[2]))
+		return error(_("path '%s' does not have necessary versions"), path);
 
-	read_mmblob(&ancestor, active_cache[pos]->sha1);
-	read_mmblob(&ours, active_cache[pos+1]->sha1);
-	read_mmblob(&theirs, active_cache[pos+2]->sha1);
+	read_mmblob(&ancestor, threeway[0]);
+	read_mmblob(&ours, threeway[1]);
+	read_mmblob(&theirs, threeway[2]);
 
 	/*
 	 * NEEDSWORK: re-create conflicts from merges with
@@ -192,9 +206,7 @@
 	if (write_sha1_file(result_buf.ptr, result_buf.size,
 			    blob_type, sha1))
 		die(_("Unable to add merge result for '%s'"), path);
-	ce = make_cache_entry(create_ce_mode(active_cache[pos+1]->ce_mode),
-			      sha1,
-			      path, 2, 0);
+	ce = make_cache_entry(mode, sha1, path, 2, 0);
 	if (!ce)
 		die(_("make_cache_entry failed for path '%s'"), path);
 	status = checkout_entry(ce, state, NULL);
@@ -252,7 +264,7 @@
 			} else if (stage) {
 				errs |= check_stage(stage, ce, pos);
 			} else if (opts->merge) {
-				errs |= check_all_stages(ce, pos);
+				errs |= check_stages((1<<2) | (1<<3), ce, pos);
 			} else {
 				errs = 1;
 				error(_("path '%s' is unmerged"), ce->name);
@@ -540,7 +552,9 @@
 		else
 			create_branch(old->name, opts->new_branch, new->name,
 				      opts->new_branch_force ? 1 : 0,
-				      opts->new_branch_log, opts->track);
+				      opts->new_branch_log,
+				      opts->new_branch_force ? 1 : 0,
+				      opts->track);
 		new->name = opts->new_branch;
 		setup_branch_path(new);
 	}
@@ -565,8 +579,12 @@
 		create_symref("HEAD", new->path, msg.buf);
 		if (!opts->quiet) {
 			if (old->path && !strcmp(new->path, old->path)) {
-				fprintf(stderr, _("Already on '%s'\n"),
-					new->name);
+				if (opts->new_branch_force)
+					fprintf(stderr, _("Reset branch '%s'\n"),
+						new->name);
+				else
+					fprintf(stderr, _("Already on '%s'\n"),
+						new->name);
 			} else if (opts->new_branch) {
 				if (opts->branch_exists)
 					fprintf(stderr, _("Switched to and reset branch '%s'\n"), new->name);
@@ -593,23 +611,11 @@
 		report_tracking(new);
 }
 
-static int add_one_ref_to_rev_list_arg(const char *refname,
-				       const unsigned char *sha1,
-				       int flags,
-				       void *cb_data)
+static int add_pending_uninteresting_ref(const char *refname,
+					 const unsigned char *sha1,
+					 int flags, void *cb_data)
 {
-	argv_array_push(cb_data, refname);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int clear_commit_marks_from_one_ref(const char *refname,
-				      const unsigned char *sha1,
-				      int flags,
-				      void *cb_data)
-{
-	struct commit *commit = lookup_commit_reference_gently(sha1, 1);
-	if (commit)
-		clear_commit_marks(commit, -1);
+	add_pending_sha1(cb_data, refname, sha1, flags | UNINTERESTING);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -678,18 +684,21 @@
  */
 static void orphaned_commit_warning(struct commit *commit)
 {
-	struct argv_array args = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
 	struct rev_info revs;
-
-	argv_array_push(&args, "(internal)");
-	argv_array_push(&args, sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
-	argv_array_push(&args, "--not");
-	for_each_ref(add_one_ref_to_rev_list_arg, &args);
-	argv_array_push(&args, "--");
+	struct object *object = &commit->object;
+	struct object_array refs;
 
 	init_revisions(&revs, NULL);
-	if (setup_revisions(args.argc - 1, args.argv, &revs, NULL) != 1)
-		die(_("internal error: only -- alone should have been left"));
+	setup_revisions(0, NULL, &revs, NULL);
+
+	object->flags &= ~UNINTERESTING;
+	add_pending_object(&revs, object, sha1_to_hex(object->sha1));
+
+	for_each_ref(add_pending_uninteresting_ref, &revs);
+
+	refs = revs.pending;
+	revs.leak_pending = 1;
+
 	if (prepare_revision_walk(&revs))
 		die(_("internal error in revision walk"));
 	if (!(commit->object.flags & UNINTERESTING))
@@ -697,9 +706,8 @@
 	else
 		describe_detached_head(_("Previous HEAD position was"), commit);
 
-	argv_array_clear(&args);
-	clear_commit_marks(commit, -1);
-	for_each_ref(clear_commit_marks_from_one_ref, NULL);
+	clear_commit_marks_for_object_array(&refs, ALL_REV_FLAGS);
+	free(refs.objects);
 }
 
 static int switch_branches(struct checkout_opts *opts, struct branch_info *new)
@@ -875,7 +883,7 @@
 	new->name = arg;
 	setup_branch_path(new);
 
-	if (check_ref_format(new->path) == CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK &&
+	if (!check_refname_format(new->path, 0) &&
 	    resolve_ref(new->path, branch_rev, 1, NULL))
 		hashcpy(rev, branch_rev);
 	else
@@ -1067,7 +1075,8 @@
 		struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 
 		opts.branch_exists = validate_new_branchname(opts.new_branch, &buf,
-							     !!opts.new_branch_force, 0);
+							     !!opts.new_branch_force,
+							     !!opts.new_branch_force);
 
 		strbuf_release(&buf);
 	}
diff --git a/builtin/clone.c b/builtin/clone.c
index efe8b6c..86db954 100644
--- a/builtin/clone.c
+++ b/builtin/clone.c
@@ -84,8 +84,8 @@
 		   "directory from which templates will be used"),
 	OPT_CALLBACK(0 , "reference", &option_reference, "repo",
 		     "reference repository", &opt_parse_reference),
-	OPT_STRING('o', "origin", &option_origin, "branch",
-		   "use <branch> instead of 'origin' to track upstream"),
+	OPT_STRING('o', "origin", &option_origin, "name",
+		   "use <name> instead of 'origin' to track upstream"),
 	OPT_STRING('b', "branch", &option_branch, "branch",
 		   "checkout <branch> instead of the remote's HEAD"),
 	OPT_STRING('u', "upload-pack", &option_upload_pack, "path",
diff --git a/builtin/commit.c b/builtin/commit.c
index 66ffe31..d8d6dd5 100644
--- a/builtin/commit.c
+++ b/builtin/commit.c
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@
 static int use_editor = 1, include_status = 1;
 static int show_ignored_in_status;
 static const char *only_include_assumed;
-static struct strbuf message;
+static struct strbuf message = STRBUF_INIT;
 
 static int null_termination;
 static enum {
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@
 	OPT_STRING('C', "reuse-message", &use_message, "commit", "reuse message from specified commit"),
 	OPT_STRING(0, "fixup", &fixup_message, "commit", "use autosquash formatted message to fixup specified commit"),
 	OPT_STRING(0, "squash", &squash_message, "commit", "use autosquash formatted message to squash specified commit"),
-	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "reset-author", &renew_authorship, "the commit is authored by me now (used with -C-c/--amend)"),
+	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "reset-author", &renew_authorship, "the commit is authored by me now (used with -C/-c/--amend)"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "signoff", &signoff, "add Signed-off-by:"),
 	OPT_FILENAME('t', "template", &template_file, "use specified template file"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('e', "edit", &edit_flag, "force edit of commit"),
@@ -255,8 +255,9 @@
 	m = xcalloc(1, i);
 
 	if (with_tree) {
-		const char *max_prefix = pathspec_prefix(prefix, pattern);
-		overlay_tree_on_cache(with_tree, max_prefix);
+		char *max_prefix = common_prefix(pattern);
+		overlay_tree_on_cache(with_tree, max_prefix ? max_prefix : prefix);
+		free(max_prefix);
 	}
 
 	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
@@ -1513,6 +1514,7 @@
 	}
 
 	unlink(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD"));
+	unlink(git_path("REVERT_HEAD"));
 	unlink(git_path("MERGE_HEAD"));
 	unlink(git_path("MERGE_MSG"));
 	unlink(git_path("MERGE_MODE"));
diff --git a/builtin/config.c b/builtin/config.c
index 0315ad7..d35c06a 100644
--- a/builtin/config.c
+++ b/builtin/config.c
@@ -444,7 +444,7 @@
 		ret = git_config_set(argv[0], value);
 		if (ret == CONFIG_NOTHING_SET)
 			error("cannot overwrite multiple values with a single value\n"
-			"       Use a regexp, --add or --set-all to change %s.", argv[0]);
+			"       Use a regexp, --add or --replace-all to change %s.", argv[0]);
 		return ret;
 	}
 	else if (actions == ACTION_SET_ALL) {
diff --git a/builtin/fetch-pack.c b/builtin/fetch-pack.c
index 412bd32..6207ecd 100644
--- a/builtin/fetch-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/fetch-pack.c
@@ -15,7 +15,9 @@
 static int fetch_unpack_limit = -1;
 static int unpack_limit = 100;
 static int prefer_ofs_delta = 1;
-static int no_done = 0;
+static int no_done;
+static int fetch_fsck_objects = -1;
+static int transfer_fsck_objects = -1;
 static struct fetch_pack_args args = {
 	/* .uploadpack = */ "git-upload-pack",
 };
@@ -544,7 +546,7 @@
 	for (ref = *refs; ref; ref = next) {
 		next = ref->next;
 		if (!memcmp(ref->name, "refs/", 5) &&
-		    check_ref_format(ref->name + 5))
+		    check_refname_format(ref->name + 5, 0))
 			; /* trash */
 		else if (args.fetch_all &&
 			 (!args.depth || prefixcmp(ref->name, "refs/tags/") )) {
@@ -554,11 +556,16 @@
 			continue;
 		}
 		else {
-			int order = path_match(ref->name, nr_match, match);
-			if (order) {
-				return_refs[order-1] = ref;
-				continue; /* we will link it later */
+			int i;
+			for (i = 0; i < nr_match; i++) {
+				if (!strcmp(ref->name, match[i])) {
+					match[i][0] = '\0';
+					return_refs[i] = ref;
+					break;
+				}
 			}
+			if (i < nr_match)
+				continue; /* we will link it later */
 		}
 		free(ref);
 	}
@@ -734,6 +741,12 @@
 	}
 	if (*hdr_arg)
 		*av++ = hdr_arg;
+	if (fetch_fsck_objects >= 0
+	    ? fetch_fsck_objects
+	    : transfer_fsck_objects >= 0
+	    ? transfer_fsck_objects
+	    : 0)
+		*av++ = "--strict";
 	*av++ = NULL;
 
 	cmd.in = demux.out;
@@ -853,6 +866,16 @@
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	if (!strcmp(var, "fetch.fsckobjects")) {
+		fetch_fsck_objects = git_config_bool(var, value);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (!strcmp(var, "transfer.fsckobjects")) {
+		transfer_fsck_objects = git_config_bool(var, value);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	return git_default_config(var, value, cb);
 }
 
@@ -958,7 +981,7 @@
 				   args.verbose ? CONNECT_VERBOSE : 0);
 	}
 
-	get_remote_heads(fd[0], &ref, 0, NULL, 0, NULL);
+	get_remote_heads(fd[0], &ref, 0, NULL);
 
 	ref = fetch_pack(&args, fd, conn, ref, dest,
 		nr_heads, heads, pack_lockfile_ptr);
diff --git a/builtin/fetch.c b/builtin/fetch.c
index 59dfba5..8761a33 100644
--- a/builtin/fetch.c
+++ b/builtin/fetch.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
 #include "sigchain.h"
 #include "transport.h"
 #include "submodule.h"
+#include "connected.h"
 
 static const char * const builtin_fetch_usage[] = {
 	"git fetch [<options>] [<repository> [<refspec>...]]",
@@ -354,6 +355,18 @@
 	}
 }
 
+static int iterate_ref_map(void *cb_data, unsigned char sha1[20])
+{
+	struct ref **rm = cb_data;
+	struct ref *ref = *rm;
+
+	if (!ref)
+		return -1; /* end of the list */
+	*rm = ref->next;
+	hashcpy(sha1, ref->old_sha1);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int store_updated_refs(const char *raw_url, const char *remote_name,
 		struct ref *ref_map)
 {
@@ -373,6 +386,13 @@
 		url = transport_anonymize_url(raw_url);
 	else
 		url = xstrdup("foreign");
+
+	rm = ref_map;
+	if (check_everything_connected(iterate_ref_map, 0, &rm)) {
+		rc = error(_("%s did not send all necessary objects\n"), url);
+		goto abort;
+	}
+
 	for (rm = ref_map; rm; rm = rm->next) {
 		struct ref *ref = NULL;
 
@@ -454,13 +474,16 @@
 				fprintf(stderr, " %s\n", note.buf);
 		}
 	}
-	free(url);
-	fclose(fp);
+
 	if (rc & STORE_REF_ERROR_DF_CONFLICT)
 		error(_("some local refs could not be updated; try running\n"
 		      " 'git remote prune %s' to remove any old, conflicting "
 		      "branches"), remote_name);
+
+ abort:
 	strbuf_release(&note);
+	free(url);
+	fclose(fp);
 	return rc;
 }
 
@@ -468,23 +491,10 @@
  * We would want to bypass the object transfer altogether if
  * everything we are going to fetch already exists and is connected
  * locally.
- *
- * The refs we are going to fetch are in ref_map.  If running
- *
- *  $ git rev-list --objects --stdin --not --all
- *
- * (feeding all the refs in ref_map on its standard input)
- * does not error out, that means everything reachable from the
- * refs we are going to fetch exists and is connected to some of
- * our existing refs.
  */
 static int quickfetch(struct ref *ref_map)
 {
-	struct child_process revlist;
-	struct ref *ref;
-	int err;
-	const char *argv[] = {"rev-list",
-		"--quiet", "--objects", "--stdin", "--not", "--all", NULL};
+	struct ref *rm = ref_map;
 
 	/*
 	 * If we are deepening a shallow clone we already have these
@@ -495,47 +505,7 @@
 	 */
 	if (depth)
 		return -1;
-
-	if (!ref_map)
-		return 0;
-
-	memset(&revlist, 0, sizeof(revlist));
-	revlist.argv = argv;
-	revlist.git_cmd = 1;
-	revlist.no_stdout = 1;
-	revlist.no_stderr = 1;
-	revlist.in = -1;
-
-	err = start_command(&revlist);
-	if (err) {
-		error(_("could not run rev-list"));
-		return err;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * If rev-list --stdin encounters an unknown commit, it terminates,
-	 * which will cause SIGPIPE in the write loop below.
-	 */
-	sigchain_push(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
-
-	for (ref = ref_map; ref; ref = ref->next) {
-		if (write_in_full(revlist.in, sha1_to_hex(ref->old_sha1), 40) < 0 ||
-		    write_str_in_full(revlist.in, "\n") < 0) {
-			if (errno != EPIPE && errno != EINVAL)
-				error(_("failed write to rev-list: %s"), strerror(errno));
-			err = -1;
-			break;
-		}
-	}
-
-	if (close(revlist.in)) {
-		error(_("failed to close rev-list's stdin: %s"), strerror(errno));
-		err = -1;
-	}
-
-	sigchain_pop(SIGPIPE);
-
-	return finish_command(&revlist) || err;
+	return check_everything_connected(iterate_ref_map, 1, &rm);
 }
 
 static int fetch_refs(struct transport *transport, struct ref *ref_map)
diff --git a/builtin/for-each-ref.c b/builtin/for-each-ref.c
index 89e75c6..d90e5d2 100644
--- a/builtin/for-each-ref.c
+++ b/builtin/for-each-ref.c
@@ -69,6 +69,9 @@
 	{ "subject" },
 	{ "body" },
 	{ "contents" },
+	{ "contents:subject" },
+	{ "contents:body" },
+	{ "contents:signature" },
 	{ "upstream" },
 	{ "symref" },
 	{ "flag" },
@@ -361,6 +364,18 @@
 	return xmemdupz(email, eoemail + 1 - email);
 }
 
+static char *copy_subject(const char *buf, unsigned long len)
+{
+	char *r = xmemdupz(buf, len);
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+		if (r[i] == '\n')
+			r[i] = ' ';
+
+	return r;
+}
+
 static void grab_date(const char *buf, struct atom_value *v, const char *atomname)
 {
 	const char *eoemail = strstr(buf, "> ");
@@ -458,38 +473,56 @@
 	}
 }
 
-static void find_subpos(const char *buf, unsigned long sz, const char **sub, const char **body)
+static void find_subpos(const char *buf, unsigned long sz,
+			const char **sub, unsigned long *sublen,
+			const char **body, unsigned long *bodylen,
+			unsigned long *nonsiglen,
+			const char **sig, unsigned long *siglen)
 {
-	while (*buf) {
-		const char *eol = strchr(buf, '\n');
-		if (!eol)
-			return;
-		if (eol[1] == '\n') {
-			buf = eol + 1;
-			break; /* found end of header */
-		}
-		buf = eol + 1;
+	const char *eol;
+	/* skip past header until we hit empty line */
+	while (*buf && *buf != '\n') {
+		eol = strchrnul(buf, '\n');
+		if (*eol)
+			eol++;
+		buf = eol;
 	}
+	/* skip any empty lines */
 	while (*buf == '\n')
 		buf++;
-	if (!*buf)
-		return;
-	*sub = buf; /* first non-empty line */
-	buf = strchr(buf, '\n');
-	if (!buf) {
-		*body = "";
-		return; /* no body */
+
+	/* parse signature first; we might not even have a subject line */
+	*sig = buf + parse_signature(buf, strlen(buf));
+	*siglen = strlen(*sig);
+
+	/* subject is first non-empty line */
+	*sub = buf;
+	/* subject goes to first empty line */
+	while (buf < *sig && *buf && *buf != '\n') {
+		eol = strchrnul(buf, '\n');
+		if (*eol)
+			eol++;
+		buf = eol;
 	}
+	*sublen = buf - *sub;
+	/* drop trailing newline, if present */
+	if (*sublen && (*sub)[*sublen - 1] == '\n')
+		*sublen -= 1;
+
+	/* skip any empty lines */
 	while (*buf == '\n')
-		buf++; /* skip blank between subject and body */
+		buf++;
 	*body = buf;
+	*bodylen = strlen(buf);
+	*nonsiglen = *sig - buf;
 }
 
 /* See grab_values */
 static void grab_sub_body_contents(struct atom_value *val, int deref, struct object *obj, void *buf, unsigned long sz)
 {
 	int i;
-	const char *subpos = NULL, *bodypos = NULL;
+	const char *subpos = NULL, *bodypos = NULL, *sigpos = NULL;
+	unsigned long sublen = 0, bodylen = 0, nonsiglen = 0, siglen = 0;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < used_atom_cnt; i++) {
 		const char *name = used_atom[i];
@@ -500,17 +533,27 @@
 			name++;
 		if (strcmp(name, "subject") &&
 		    strcmp(name, "body") &&
-		    strcmp(name, "contents"))
+		    strcmp(name, "contents") &&
+		    strcmp(name, "contents:subject") &&
+		    strcmp(name, "contents:body") &&
+		    strcmp(name, "contents:signature"))
 			continue;
 		if (!subpos)
-			find_subpos(buf, sz, &subpos, &bodypos);
-		if (!subpos)
-			return;
+			find_subpos(buf, sz,
+				    &subpos, &sublen,
+				    &bodypos, &bodylen, &nonsiglen,
+				    &sigpos, &siglen);
 
 		if (!strcmp(name, "subject"))
-			v->s = copy_line(subpos);
+			v->s = copy_subject(subpos, sublen);
+		else if (!strcmp(name, "contents:subject"))
+			v->s = copy_subject(subpos, sublen);
 		else if (!strcmp(name, "body"))
-			v->s = xstrdup(bodypos);
+			v->s = xmemdupz(bodypos, bodylen);
+		else if (!strcmp(name, "contents:body"))
+			v->s = xmemdupz(bodypos, nonsiglen);
+		else if (!strcmp(name, "contents:signature"))
+			v->s = xmemdupz(sigpos, siglen);
 		else if (!strcmp(name, "contents"))
 			v->s = xstrdup(subpos);
 	}
diff --git a/builtin/grep.c b/builtin/grep.c
index a286692..988ea1d 100644
--- a/builtin/grep.c
+++ b/builtin/grep.c
@@ -74,13 +74,32 @@
 /* This lock protects all the variables above. */
 static pthread_mutex_t grep_mutex;
 
+static inline void grep_lock(void)
+{
+	if (use_threads)
+		pthread_mutex_lock(&grep_mutex);
+}
+
+static inline void grep_unlock(void)
+{
+	if (use_threads)
+		pthread_mutex_unlock(&grep_mutex);
+}
+
 /* Used to serialize calls to read_sha1_file. */
 static pthread_mutex_t read_sha1_mutex;
 
-#define grep_lock() pthread_mutex_lock(&grep_mutex)
-#define grep_unlock() pthread_mutex_unlock(&grep_mutex)
-#define read_sha1_lock() pthread_mutex_lock(&read_sha1_mutex)
-#define read_sha1_unlock() pthread_mutex_unlock(&read_sha1_mutex)
+static inline void read_sha1_lock(void)
+{
+	if (use_threads)
+		pthread_mutex_lock(&read_sha1_mutex);
+}
+
+static inline void read_sha1_unlock(void)
+{
+	if (use_threads)
+		pthread_mutex_unlock(&read_sha1_mutex);
+}
 
 /* Signalled when a new work_item is added to todo. */
 static pthread_cond_t cond_add;
@@ -354,13 +373,9 @@
 {
 	void *data;
 
-	if (use_threads) {
-		read_sha1_lock();
-		data = read_sha1_file(sha1, type, size);
-		read_sha1_unlock();
-	} else {
-		data = read_sha1_file(sha1, type, size);
-	}
+	read_sha1_lock();
+	data = read_sha1_file(sha1, type, size);
+	read_sha1_unlock();
 	return data;
 }
 
@@ -542,18 +557,19 @@
 static int grep_tree(struct grep_opt *opt, const struct pathspec *pathspec,
 		     struct tree_desc *tree, struct strbuf *base, int tn_len)
 {
-	int hit = 0, match = 0;
+	int hit = 0;
+	enum interesting match = entry_not_interesting;
 	struct name_entry entry;
 	int old_baselen = base->len;
 
 	while (tree_entry(tree, &entry)) {
-		int te_len = tree_entry_len(entry.path, entry.sha1);
+		int te_len = tree_entry_len(&entry);
 
-		if (match != 2) {
+		if (match != all_entries_interesting) {
 			match = tree_entry_interesting(&entry, base, tn_len, pathspec);
-			if (match < 0)
+			if (match == all_entries_not_interesting)
 				break;
-			if (match == 0)
+			if (match == entry_not_interesting)
 				continue;
 		}
 
@@ -640,13 +656,15 @@
 	return hit;
 }
 
-static int grep_directory(struct grep_opt *opt, const struct pathspec *pathspec)
+static int grep_directory(struct grep_opt *opt, const struct pathspec *pathspec,
+			  int exc_std)
 {
 	struct dir_struct dir;
 	int i, hit = 0;
 
 	memset(&dir, 0, sizeof(dir));
-	setup_standard_excludes(&dir);
+	if (exc_std)
+		setup_standard_excludes(&dir);
 
 	fill_directory(&dir, pathspec->raw);
 	for (i = 0; i < dir.nr; i++) {
@@ -753,7 +771,7 @@
 int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
 	int hit = 0;
-	int cached = 0;
+	int cached = 0, untracked = 0, opt_exclude = -1;
 	int seen_dashdash = 0;
 	int external_grep_allowed__ignored;
 	const char *show_in_pager = NULL, *default_pager = "dummy";
@@ -777,8 +795,13 @@
 	struct option options[] = {
 		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "cached", &cached,
 			"search in index instead of in the work tree"),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "index", &use_index,
-			"--no-index finds in contents not managed by git"),
+		{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 0, "index", &use_index, NULL,
+			"finds in contents not managed by git",
+			PARSE_OPT_NOARG | PARSE_OPT_NEGHELP },
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "untracked", &untracked,
+			"search in both tracked and untracked files"),
+		OPT_SET_INT(0, "exclude-standard", &opt_exclude,
+			    "search also in ignored files", 1),
 		OPT_GROUP(""),
 		OPT_BOOLEAN('v', "invert-match", &opt.invert,
 			"show non-matching lines"),
@@ -1048,13 +1071,16 @@
 	if (!show_in_pager)
 		setup_pager();
 
+	if (!use_index && (untracked || cached))
+		die(_("--cached or --untracked cannot be used with --no-index."));
 
-	if (!use_index) {
-		if (cached)
-			die(_("--cached cannot be used with --no-index."));
+	if (!use_index || untracked) {
+		int use_exclude = (opt_exclude < 0) ? use_index : !!opt_exclude;
 		if (list.nr)
-			die(_("--no-index cannot be used with revs."));
-		hit = grep_directory(&opt, &pathspec);
+			die(_("--no-index or --untracked cannot be used with revs."));
+		hit = grep_directory(&opt, &pathspec, use_exclude);
+	} else if (0 <= opt_exclude) {
+		die(_("--[no-]exclude-standard cannot be used for tracked contents."));
 	} else if (!list.nr) {
 		if (!cached)
 			setup_work_tree();
diff --git a/builtin/index-pack.c b/builtin/index-pack.c
index 0945adb..98025da 100644
--- a/builtin/index-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/index-pack.c
@@ -1122,8 +1122,10 @@
 		if (!index_name)
 			die("--verify with no packfile name given");
 		read_idx_option(&opts, index_name);
-		opts.flags |= WRITE_IDX_VERIFY;
+		opts.flags |= WRITE_IDX_VERIFY | WRITE_IDX_STRICT;
 	}
+	if (strict)
+		opts.flags |= WRITE_IDX_STRICT;
 
 	curr_pack = open_pack_file(pack_name);
 	parse_pack_header();
diff --git a/builtin/init-db.c b/builtin/init-db.c
index d07554c..0dacb8b 100644
--- a/builtin/init-db.c
+++ b/builtin/init-db.c
@@ -351,7 +351,7 @@
 		else if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode))
 			src = git_link;
 		else
-			die(_("unable to handle file type %d"), st.st_mode);
+			die(_("unable to handle file type %d"), (int)st.st_mode);
 
 		if (rename(src, git_dir))
 			die_errno(_("unable to move %s to %s"), src, git_dir);
diff --git a/builtin/log.c b/builtin/log.c
index f5d4930..56bc555 100644
--- a/builtin/log.c
+++ b/builtin/log.c
@@ -72,8 +72,6 @@
 
 static void cmd_log_init_defaults(struct rev_info *rev)
 {
-	rev->abbrev = DEFAULT_ABBREV;
-	rev->commit_format = CMIT_FMT_DEFAULT;
 	if (fmt_pretty)
 		get_commit_format(fmt_pretty, rev);
 	rev->verbose_header = 1;
diff --git a/builtin/ls-files.c b/builtin/ls-files.c
index e8a800d..7cff175 100644
--- a/builtin/ls-files.c
+++ b/builtin/ls-files.c
@@ -545,7 +545,7 @@
 		strip_trailing_slash_from_submodules();
 
 	/* Find common prefix for all pathspec's */
-	max_prefix = pathspec_prefix(prefix, pathspec);
+	max_prefix = common_prefix(pathspec);
 	max_prefix_len = max_prefix ? strlen(max_prefix) : 0;
 
 	/* Treat unmatching pathspec elements as errors */
diff --git a/builtin/ls-remote.c b/builtin/ls-remote.c
index 1022309..41c88a9 100644
--- a/builtin/ls-remote.c
+++ b/builtin/ls-remote.c
@@ -43,6 +43,9 @@
 	struct transport *transport;
 	const struct ref *ref;
 
+	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp("-h", argv[1]))
+		usage(ls_remote_usage);
+
 	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
 		const char *arg = argv[i];
 
diff --git a/builtin/merge.c b/builtin/merge.c
index b22a842..7d92e20 100644
--- a/builtin/merge.c
+++ b/builtin/merge.c
@@ -46,9 +46,9 @@
 
 static int show_diffstat = 1, shortlog_len, squash;
 static int option_commit = 1, allow_fast_forward = 1;
-static int fast_forward_only;
+static int fast_forward_only, option_edit;
 static int allow_trivial = 1, have_message;
-static struct strbuf merge_msg;
+static struct strbuf merge_msg = STRBUF_INIT;
 static struct commit_list *remoteheads;
 static struct strategy **use_strategies;
 static size_t use_strategies_nr, use_strategies_alloc;
@@ -189,6 +189,8 @@
 		"create a single commit instead of doing a merge"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "commit", &option_commit,
 		"perform a commit if the merge succeeds (default)"),
+	OPT_BOOLEAN('e', "edit", &option_edit,
+		"edit message before committing"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "ff", &allow_fast_forward,
 		"allow fast-forward (default)"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "ff-only", &fast_forward_only,
@@ -314,13 +316,15 @@
 	struct rev_info rev;
 	struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct commit_list *j;
+	const char *filename;
 	int fd;
 	struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
 
 	printf(_("Squash commit -- not updating HEAD\n"));
-	fd = open(git_path("SQUASH_MSG"), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
+	filename = git_path("SQUASH_MSG");
+	fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
 	if (fd < 0)
-		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), git_path("SQUASH_MSG"));
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), filename);
 
 	init_revisions(&rev, NULL);
 	rev.ignore_merges = 1;
@@ -404,6 +408,16 @@
 	strbuf_release(&reflog_message);
 }
 
+static struct object *want_commit(const char *name)
+{
+	struct object *obj;
+	unsigned char sha1[20];
+	if (get_sha1(name, sha1))
+		return NULL;
+	obj = parse_object(sha1);
+	return peel_to_type(name, 0, obj, OBJ_COMMIT);
+}
+
 /* Get the name for the merge commit's message. */
 static void merge_name(const char *remote, struct strbuf *msg)
 {
@@ -419,7 +433,7 @@
 	remote = bname.buf;
 
 	memset(branch_head, 0, sizeof(branch_head));
-	remote_head = peel_to_type(remote, 0, NULL, OBJ_COMMIT);
+	remote_head = want_commit(remote);
 	if (!remote_head)
 		die(_("'%s' does not point to a commit"), remote);
 
@@ -480,14 +494,16 @@
 
 	if (!strcmp(remote, "FETCH_HEAD") &&
 			!access(git_path("FETCH_HEAD"), R_OK)) {
+		const char *filename;
 		FILE *fp;
 		struct strbuf line = STRBUF_INIT;
 		char *ptr;
 
-		fp = fopen(git_path("FETCH_HEAD"), "r");
+		filename = git_path("FETCH_HEAD");
+		fp = fopen(filename, "r");
 		if (!fp)
 			die_errno(_("could not open '%s' for reading"),
-				  git_path("FETCH_HEAD"));
+				  filename);
 		strbuf_getline(&line, fp, '\n');
 		fclose(fp);
 		ptr = strstr(line.buf, "\tnot-for-merge\t");
@@ -833,30 +849,56 @@
 
 }
 
-static void write_merge_msg(void)
+static void write_merge_msg(struct strbuf *msg)
 {
-	int fd = open(git_path("MERGE_MSG"), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
+	const char *filename = git_path("MERGE_MSG");
+	int fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
 	if (fd < 0)
 		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"),
-			  git_path("MERGE_MSG"));
-	if (write_in_full(fd, merge_msg.buf, merge_msg.len) != merge_msg.len)
-		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), git_path("MERGE_MSG"));
+			  filename);
+	if (write_in_full(fd, msg->buf, msg->len) != msg->len)
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), filename);
 	close(fd);
 }
 
-static void read_merge_msg(void)
+static void read_merge_msg(struct strbuf *msg)
 {
-	strbuf_reset(&merge_msg);
-	if (strbuf_read_file(&merge_msg, git_path("MERGE_MSG"), 0) < 0)
-		die_errno(_("Could not read from '%s'"), git_path("MERGE_MSG"));
+	const char *filename = git_path("MERGE_MSG");
+	strbuf_reset(msg);
+	if (strbuf_read_file(msg, filename, 0) < 0)
+		die_errno(_("Could not read from '%s'"), filename);
 }
 
-static void run_prepare_commit_msg(void)
+static void write_merge_state(void);
+static void abort_commit(const char *err_msg)
 {
-	write_merge_msg();
+	if (err_msg)
+		error("%s", err_msg);
+	fprintf(stderr,
+		_("Not committing merge; use 'git commit' to complete the merge.\n"));
+	write_merge_state();
+	exit(1);
+}
+
+static void prepare_to_commit(void)
+{
+	struct strbuf msg = STRBUF_INIT;
+	strbuf_addbuf(&msg, &merge_msg);
+	strbuf_addch(&msg, '\n');
+	write_merge_msg(&msg);
 	run_hook(get_index_file(), "prepare-commit-msg",
 		 git_path("MERGE_MSG"), "merge", NULL, NULL);
-	read_merge_msg();
+	if (option_edit) {
+		if (launch_editor(git_path("MERGE_MSG"), NULL, NULL))
+			abort_commit(NULL);
+	}
+	read_merge_msg(&msg);
+	stripspace(&msg, option_edit);
+	if (!msg.len)
+		abort_commit(_("Empty commit message."));
+	strbuf_release(&merge_msg);
+	strbuf_addbuf(&merge_msg, &msg);
+	strbuf_release(&msg);
 }
 
 static int merge_trivial(struct commit *head)
@@ -870,7 +912,7 @@
 	parent->next = xmalloc(sizeof(*parent->next));
 	parent->next->item = remoteheads->item;
 	parent->next->next = NULL;
-	run_prepare_commit_msg();
+	prepare_to_commit();
 	commit_tree(merge_msg.buf, result_tree, parent, result_commit, NULL);
 	finish(head, result_commit, "In-index merge");
 	drop_save();
@@ -899,9 +941,9 @@
 		for (j = remoteheads; j; j = j->next)
 			pptr = &commit_list_insert(j->item, pptr)->next;
 	}
-	free_commit_list(remoteheads);
 	strbuf_addch(&merge_msg, '\n');
-	run_prepare_commit_msg();
+	prepare_to_commit();
+	free_commit_list(remoteheads);
 	commit_tree(merge_msg.buf, result_tree, parents, result_commit, NULL);
 	strbuf_addf(&buf, "Merge made by the '%s' strategy.", wt_strategy);
 	finish(head, result_commit, buf.buf);
@@ -912,13 +954,14 @@
 
 static int suggest_conflicts(int renormalizing)
 {
+	const char *filename;
 	FILE *fp;
 	int pos;
 
-	fp = fopen(git_path("MERGE_MSG"), "a");
+	filename = git_path("MERGE_MSG");
+	fp = fopen(filename, "a");
 	if (!fp)
-		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"),
-			  git_path("MERGE_MSG"));
+		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"), filename);
 	fprintf(fp, "\nConflicts:\n");
 	for (pos = 0; pos < active_nr; pos++) {
 		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos];
@@ -1008,6 +1051,38 @@
 	return i;
 }
 
+static void write_merge_state(void)
+{
+	const char *filename;
+	int fd;
+	struct commit_list *j;
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+	for (j = remoteheads; j; j = j->next)
+		strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n",
+			sha1_to_hex(j->item->object.sha1));
+	filename = git_path("MERGE_HEAD");
+	fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"), filename);
+	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) != buf.len)
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), filename);
+	close(fd);
+	strbuf_addch(&merge_msg, '\n');
+	write_merge_msg(&merge_msg);
+
+	filename = git_path("MERGE_MODE");
+	fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0666);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"), filename);
+	strbuf_reset(&buf);
+	if (!allow_fast_forward)
+		strbuf_addf(&buf, "no-ff");
+	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) != buf.len)
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), filename);
+	close(fd);
+}
+
 int cmd_merge(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
 	unsigned char result_tree[20];
@@ -1133,7 +1208,7 @@
 		if (!allow_fast_forward)
 			die(_("Non-fast-forward commit does not make sense into "
 			    "an empty head"));
-		remote_head = peel_to_type(argv[0], 0, NULL, OBJ_COMMIT);
+		remote_head = want_commit(argv[0]);
 		if (!remote_head)
 			die(_("%s - not something we can merge"), argv[0]);
 		read_empty(remote_head->sha1, 0);
@@ -1179,7 +1254,7 @@
 		struct object *o;
 		struct commit *commit;
 
-		o = peel_to_type(argv[i], 0, NULL, OBJ_COMMIT);
+		o = want_commit(argv[i]);
 		if (!o)
 			die(_("%s - not something we can merge"), argv[i]);
 		commit = lookup_commit(o->sha1);
@@ -1246,8 +1321,7 @@
 		if (have_message)
 			strbuf_addstr(&msg,
 				" (no commit created; -m option ignored)");
-		o = peel_to_type(sha1_to_hex(remoteheads->item->object.sha1),
-			0, NULL, OBJ_COMMIT);
+		o = want_commit(sha1_to_hex(remoteheads->item->object.sha1));
 		if (!o)
 			return 1;
 
@@ -1414,33 +1488,8 @@
 
 	if (squash)
 		finish(head_commit, NULL, NULL);
-	else {
-		int fd;
-		struct commit_list *j;
-
-		for (j = remoteheads; j; j = j->next)
-			strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n",
-				sha1_to_hex(j->item->object.sha1));
-		fd = open(git_path("MERGE_HEAD"), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
-		if (fd < 0)
-			die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"),
-				  git_path("MERGE_HEAD"));
-		if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) != buf.len)
-			die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), git_path("MERGE_HEAD"));
-		close(fd);
-		strbuf_addch(&merge_msg, '\n');
-		write_merge_msg();
-		fd = open(git_path("MERGE_MODE"), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0666);
-		if (fd < 0)
-			die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"),
-				  git_path("MERGE_MODE"));
-		strbuf_reset(&buf);
-		if (!allow_fast_forward)
-			strbuf_addf(&buf, "no-ff");
-		if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) != buf.len)
-			die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), git_path("MERGE_MODE"));
-		close(fd);
-	}
+	else
+		write_merge_state();
 
 	if (merge_was_ok) {
 		fprintf(stderr, _("Automatic merge went well; "
diff --git a/builtin/mktree.c b/builtin/mktree.c
index 098395f..4ae1c41 100644
--- a/builtin/mktree.c
+++ b/builtin/mktree.c
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@
 	}
 
 	write_sha1_file(buf.buf, buf.len, tree_type, sha1);
+	strbuf_release(&buf);
 }
 
 static const char *mktree_usage[] = {
diff --git a/builtin/mv.c b/builtin/mv.c
index 5efe6c5..2a144b0 100644
--- a/builtin/mv.c
+++ b/builtin/mv.c
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@
 	int i, newfd;
 	int verbose = 0, show_only = 0, force = 0, ignore_errors = 0;
 	struct option builtin_mv_options[] = {
+		OPT__VERBOSE(&verbose, "be verbose"),
 		OPT__DRY_RUN(&show_only, "dry run"),
 		OPT__FORCE(&force, "force move/rename even if target exists"),
 		OPT_BOOLEAN('k', NULL, &ignore_errors, "skip move/rename errors"),
@@ -93,7 +94,7 @@
 		destination = copy_pathspec(dest_path[0], argv, argc, 1);
 	} else {
 		if (argc != 1)
-			usage_with_options(builtin_mv_usage, builtin_mv_options);
+			die("destination '%s' is not a directory", dest_path[0]);
 		destination = dest_path;
 	}
 
@@ -176,7 +177,8 @@
 				 * check both source and destination
 				 */
 				if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode) || S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) {
-					warning(_("%s; will overwrite!"), bad);
+					if (verbose)
+						warning(_("overwriting '%s'"), dst);
 					bad = NULL;
 				} else
 					bad = _("Cannot overwrite");
diff --git a/builtin/name-rev.c b/builtin/name-rev.c
index e8862b5..1b37458 100644
--- a/builtin/name-rev.c
+++ b/builtin/name-rev.c
@@ -172,7 +172,9 @@
 }
 
 static char const * const name_rev_usage[] = {
-	"git name-rev [options] ( --all | --stdin | <commit>... )",
+	"git name-rev [options] <commit>...",
+	"git name-rev [options] --all",
+	"git name-rev [options] --stdin",
 	NULL
 };
 
diff --git a/builtin/pack-objects.c b/builtin/pack-objects.c
index 638d43d..ef703df 100644
--- a/builtin/pack-objects.c
+++ b/builtin/pack-objects.c
@@ -409,25 +409,56 @@
 	return hdrlen + datalen;
 }
 
-static int write_one(struct sha1file *f,
-			       struct object_entry *e,
-			       off_t *offset)
+enum write_one_status {
+	WRITE_ONE_SKIP = -1, /* already written */
+	WRITE_ONE_BREAK = 0, /* writing this will bust the limit; not written */
+	WRITE_ONE_WRITTEN = 1, /* normal */
+	WRITE_ONE_RECURSIVE = 2 /* already scheduled to be written */
+};
+
+static enum write_one_status write_one(struct sha1file *f,
+				       struct object_entry *e,
+				       off_t *offset)
 {
 	unsigned long size;
+	int recursing;
 
-	/* offset is non zero if object is written already. */
-	if (e->idx.offset || e->preferred_base)
-		return -1;
+	/*
+	 * we set offset to 1 (which is an impossible value) to mark
+	 * the fact that this object is involved in "write its base
+	 * first before writing a deltified object" recursion.
+	 */
+	recursing = (e->idx.offset == 1);
+	if (recursing) {
+		warning("recursive delta detected for object %s",
+			sha1_to_hex(e->idx.sha1));
+		return WRITE_ONE_RECURSIVE;
+	} else if (e->idx.offset || e->preferred_base) {
+		/* offset is non zero if object is written already. */
+		return WRITE_ONE_SKIP;
+	}
 
 	/* if we are deltified, write out base object first. */
-	if (e->delta && !write_one(f, e->delta, offset))
-		return 0;
+	if (e->delta) {
+		e->idx.offset = 1; /* now recurse */
+		switch (write_one(f, e->delta, offset)) {
+		case WRITE_ONE_RECURSIVE:
+			/* we cannot depend on this one */
+			e->delta = NULL;
+			break;
+		default:
+			break;
+		case WRITE_ONE_BREAK:
+			e->idx.offset = recursing;
+			return WRITE_ONE_BREAK;
+		}
+	}
 
 	e->idx.offset = *offset;
 	size = write_object(f, e, *offset);
 	if (!size) {
-		e->idx.offset = 0;
-		return 0;
+		e->idx.offset = recursing;
+		return WRITE_ONE_BREAK;
 	}
 	written_list[nr_written++] = &e->idx;
 
@@ -435,7 +466,7 @@
 	if (signed_add_overflows(*offset, size))
 		die("pack too large for current definition of off_t");
 	*offset += size;
-	return 1;
+	return WRITE_ONE_WRITTEN;
 }
 
 static int mark_tagged(const char *path, const unsigned char *sha1, int flag,
@@ -640,7 +671,7 @@
 		nr_written = 0;
 		for (; i < nr_objects; i++) {
 			struct object_entry *e = write_order[i];
-			if (!write_one(f, e, &offset))
+			if (write_one(f, e, &offset) == WRITE_ONE_BREAK)
 				break;
 			display_progress(progress_state, written);
 		}
@@ -840,6 +871,10 @@
 		off_t offset = find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p);
 		if (offset) {
 			if (!found_pack) {
+				if (!is_pack_valid(p)) {
+					warning("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
+					continue;
+				}
 				found_offset = offset;
 				found_pack = p;
 			}
@@ -1011,7 +1046,7 @@
 	while (tree_entry(tree,&entry)) {
 		if (S_ISGITLINK(entry.mode))
 			continue;
-		cmp = tree_entry_len(entry.path, entry.sha1) != cmplen ? 1 :
+		cmp = tree_entry_len(&entry) != cmplen ? 1 :
 		      memcmp(name, entry.path, cmplen);
 		if (cmp > 0)
 			continue;
@@ -2114,7 +2149,9 @@
 	commit->object.flags |= OBJECT_ADDED;
 }
 
-static void show_object(struct object *obj, const struct name_path *path, const char *last)
+static void show_object(struct object *obj,
+			const struct name_path *path, const char *last,
+			void *data)
 {
 	char *name = path_name(path, last);
 
diff --git a/builtin/receive-pack.c b/builtin/receive-pack.c
index af429e1..7ec68a1 100644
--- a/builtin/receive-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/receive-pack.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
 #include "transport.h"
 #include "string-list.h"
 #include "sha1-array.h"
+#include "connected.h"
 
 static const char receive_pack_usage[] = "git receive-pack <git-dir>";
 
@@ -25,7 +26,8 @@
 static int deny_non_fast_forwards;
 static enum deny_action deny_current_branch = DENY_UNCONFIGURED;
 static enum deny_action deny_delete_current = DENY_UNCONFIGURED;
-static int receive_fsck_objects;
+static int receive_fsck_objects = -1;
+static int transfer_fsck_objects = -1;
 static int receive_unpack_limit = -1;
 static int transfer_unpack_limit = -1;
 static int unpack_limit = 100;
@@ -79,6 +81,11 @@
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	if (strcmp(var, "transfer.fsckobjects") == 0) {
+		transfer_fsck_objects = git_config_bool(var, value);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	if (!strcmp(var, "receive.denycurrentbranch")) {
 		deny_current_branch = parse_deny_action(var, value);
 		return 0;
@@ -147,7 +154,8 @@
 struct command {
 	struct command *next;
 	const char *error_string;
-	unsigned int skip_update;
+	unsigned int skip_update:1,
+		     did_not_exist:1;
 	unsigned char old_sha1[20];
 	unsigned char new_sha1[20];
 	char ref_name[FLEX_ARRAY]; /* more */
@@ -257,6 +265,7 @@
 
 struct receive_hook_feed_state {
 	struct command *cmd;
+	int skip_broken;
 	struct strbuf buf;
 };
 
@@ -265,7 +274,8 @@
 	struct receive_hook_feed_state *state = state_;
 	struct command *cmd = state->cmd;
 
-	while (cmd && cmd->error_string)
+	while (cmd &&
+	       state->skip_broken && (cmd->error_string || cmd->did_not_exist))
 		cmd = cmd->next;
 	if (!cmd)
 		return -1; /* EOF */
@@ -281,13 +291,15 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int run_receive_hook(struct command *commands, const char *hook_name)
+static int run_receive_hook(struct command *commands, const char *hook_name,
+			    int skip_broken)
 {
 	struct receive_hook_feed_state state;
 	int status;
 
 	strbuf_init(&state.buf, 0);
 	state.cmd = commands;
+	state.skip_broken = skip_broken;
 	if (feed_receive_hook(&state, NULL, NULL))
 		return 0;
 	state.cmd = commands;
@@ -389,7 +401,7 @@
 	struct ref_lock *lock;
 
 	/* only refs/... are allowed */
-	if (prefixcmp(name, "refs/") || check_ref_format(name + 5)) {
+	if (prefixcmp(name, "refs/") || check_refname_format(name + 5, 0)) {
 		rp_error("refusing to create funny ref '%s' remotely", name);
 		return "funny refname";
 	}
@@ -478,8 +490,13 @@
 
 	if (is_null_sha1(new_sha1)) {
 		if (!parse_object(old_sha1)) {
-			rp_warning("Allowing deletion of corrupt ref.");
 			old_sha1 = NULL;
+			if (ref_exists(name)) {
+				rp_warning("Allowing deletion of corrupt ref.");
+			} else {
+				rp_warning("Deleting a non-existent ref.");
+				cmd->did_not_exist = 1;
+			}
 		}
 		if (delete_ref(namespaced_name, old_sha1, 0)) {
 			rp_error("failed to delete %s", name);
@@ -510,7 +527,7 @@
 	struct child_process proc;
 
 	for (argc = 0, cmd = commands; cmd; cmd = cmd->next) {
-		if (cmd->error_string)
+		if (cmd->error_string || cmd->did_not_exist)
 			continue;
 		argc++;
 	}
@@ -521,7 +538,7 @@
 
 	for (argc = 1, cmd = commands; cmd; cmd = cmd->next) {
 		char *p;
-		if (cmd->error_string)
+		if (cmd->error_string || cmd->did_not_exist)
 			continue;
 		p = xmalloc(strlen(cmd->ref_name) + 1);
 		strcpy(p, cmd->ref_name);
@@ -612,6 +629,48 @@
 	string_list_clear(&ref_list, 0);
 }
 
+static int command_singleton_iterator(void *cb_data, unsigned char sha1[20])
+{
+	struct command **cmd_list = cb_data;
+	struct command *cmd = *cmd_list;
+
+	if (!cmd || is_null_sha1(cmd->new_sha1))
+		return -1; /* end of list */
+	*cmd_list = NULL; /* this returns only one */
+	hashcpy(sha1, cmd->new_sha1);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void set_connectivity_errors(struct command *commands)
+{
+	struct command *cmd;
+
+	for (cmd = commands; cmd; cmd = cmd->next) {
+		struct command *singleton = cmd;
+		if (!check_everything_connected(command_singleton_iterator,
+						0, &singleton))
+			continue;
+		cmd->error_string = "missing necessary objects";
+	}
+}
+
+static int iterate_receive_command_list(void *cb_data, unsigned char sha1[20])
+{
+	struct command **cmd_list = cb_data;
+	struct command *cmd = *cmd_list;
+
+	while (cmd) {
+		if (!is_null_sha1(cmd->new_sha1)) {
+			hashcpy(sha1, cmd->new_sha1);
+			*cmd_list = cmd->next;
+			return 0;
+		}
+		cmd = cmd->next;
+	}
+	*cmd_list = NULL;
+	return -1; /* end of list */
+}
+
 static void execute_commands(struct command *commands, const char *unpacker_error)
 {
 	struct command *cmd;
@@ -623,7 +682,12 @@
 		return;
 	}
 
-	if (run_receive_hook(commands, pre_receive_hook)) {
+	cmd = commands;
+	if (check_everything_connected(iterate_receive_command_list,
+				       0, &cmd))
+		set_connectivity_errors(commands);
+
+	if (run_receive_hook(commands, pre_receive_hook, 0)) {
 		for (cmd = commands; cmd; cmd = cmd->next)
 			cmd->error_string = "pre-receive hook declined";
 		return;
@@ -707,6 +771,11 @@
 	struct pack_header hdr;
 	const char *hdr_err;
 	char hdr_arg[38];
+	int fsck_objects = (receive_fsck_objects >= 0
+			    ? receive_fsck_objects
+			    : transfer_fsck_objects >= 0
+			    ? transfer_fsck_objects
+			    : 0);
 
 	hdr_err = parse_pack_header(&hdr);
 	if (hdr_err)
@@ -719,7 +788,7 @@
 		int code, i = 0;
 		const char *unpacker[4];
 		unpacker[i++] = "unpack-objects";
-		if (receive_fsck_objects)
+		if (fsck_objects)
 			unpacker[i++] = "--strict";
 		unpacker[i++] = hdr_arg;
 		unpacker[i++] = NULL;
@@ -739,7 +808,7 @@
 
 		keeper[i++] = "index-pack";
 		keeper[i++] = "--stdin";
-		if (receive_fsck_objects)
+		if (fsck_objects)
 			keeper[i++] = "--strict";
 		keeper[i++] = "--fix-thin";
 		keeper[i++] = hdr_arg;
@@ -886,7 +955,7 @@
 			unlink_or_warn(pack_lockfile);
 		if (report_status)
 			report(commands, unpack_status);
-		run_receive_hook(commands, post_receive_hook);
+		run_receive_hook(commands, post_receive_hook, 1);
 		run_update_post_hook(commands);
 		if (auto_gc) {
 			const char *argv_gc_auto[] = {
diff --git a/builtin/remote.c b/builtin/remote.c
index e1285be..c810643 100644
--- a/builtin/remote.c
+++ b/builtin/remote.c
@@ -390,8 +390,8 @@
 	local_refs = get_local_heads();
 	push_map = copy_ref_list(remote_refs);
 
-	match_refs(local_refs, &push_map, remote->push_refspec_nr,
-		   remote->push_refspec, MATCH_REFS_NONE);
+	match_push_refs(local_refs, &push_map, remote->push_refspec_nr,
+			remote->push_refspec, MATCH_REFS_NONE);
 
 	states->push.strdup_strings = 1;
 	for (ref = push_map; ref; ref = ref->next) {
@@ -1399,7 +1399,7 @@
 			     builtin_remote_setbranches_usage, 0);
 	if (argc == 0) {
 		error("no remote specified");
-		usage_with_options(builtin_remote_seturl_usage, options);
+		usage_with_options(builtin_remote_setbranches_usage, options);
 	}
 	argv[argc] = NULL;
 
@@ -1427,7 +1427,7 @@
 			    "delete URLs"),
 		OPT_END()
 	};
-	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, NULL, options, builtin_remote_update_usage,
+	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, NULL, options, builtin_remote_seturl_usage,
 			     PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0);
 
 	if (add_mode && delete_mode)
diff --git a/builtin/replace.c b/builtin/replace.c
index fe3a647..517fa10 100644
--- a/builtin/replace.c
+++ b/builtin/replace.c
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@
 		     "refs/replace/%s",
 		     sha1_to_hex(object)) > sizeof(ref) - 1)
 		die("replace ref name too long: %.*s...", 50, ref);
-	if (check_ref_format(ref))
+	if (check_refname_format(ref, 0))
 		die("'%s' is not a valid ref name.", ref);
 
 	if (!resolve_ref(ref, prev, 1, NULL))
diff --git a/builtin/rev-list.c b/builtin/rev-list.c
index 56727e8..ab3be7c 100644
--- a/builtin/rev-list.c
+++ b/builtin/rev-list.c
@@ -168,29 +168,24 @@
 	commit->buffer = NULL;
 }
 
-static void finish_object(struct object *obj, const struct name_path *path, const char *name)
+static void finish_object(struct object *obj,
+			  const struct name_path *path, const char *name,
+			  void *cb_data)
 {
 	if (obj->type == OBJ_BLOB && !has_sha1_file(obj->sha1))
 		die("missing blob object '%s'", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
 }
 
-static void show_object(struct object *obj, const struct name_path *path, const char *component)
+static void show_object(struct object *obj,
+			const struct name_path *path, const char *component,
+			void *cb_data)
 {
-	char *name = path_name(path, component);
-	/* An object with name "foo\n0000000..." can be used to
-	 * confuse downstream "git pack-objects" very badly.
-	 */
-	const char *ep = strchr(name, '\n');
+	struct rev_info *info = cb_data;
 
-	finish_object(obj, path, name);
-	if (ep) {
-		printf("%s %.*s\n", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1),
-		       (int) (ep - name),
-		       name);
-	}
-	else
-		printf("%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1), name);
-	free(name);
+	finish_object(obj, path, component, cb_data);
+	if (info->verify_objects && !obj->parsed && obj->type != OBJ_COMMIT)
+		parse_object(obj->sha1);
+	show_object_with_name(stdout, obj, path, component);
 }
 
 static void show_edge(struct commit *commit)
diff --git a/builtin/rev-parse.c b/builtin/rev-parse.c
index 4c19f84..98d1cbe 100644
--- a/builtin/rev-parse.c
+++ b/builtin/rev-parse.c
@@ -468,6 +468,14 @@
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	if (argc > 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "--resolve-git-dir")) {
+		const char *gitdir = resolve_gitdir(argv[2]);
+		if (!gitdir)
+			die("not a gitdir '%s'", argv[2]);
+		puts(gitdir);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	if (argc > 1 && !strcmp("-h", argv[1]))
 		usage(builtin_rev_parse_usage);
 
diff --git a/builtin/revert.c b/builtin/revert.c
index 3117776..028bcbc 100644
--- a/builtin/revert.c
+++ b/builtin/revert.c
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
 #include "rerere.h"
 #include "merge-recursive.h"
 #include "refs.h"
+#include "dir.h"
+#include "sequencer.h"
 
 /*
  * This implements the builtins revert and cherry-pick.
@@ -27,85 +29,212 @@
 
 static const char * const revert_usage[] = {
 	"git revert [options] <commit-ish>",
+	"git revert <subcommand>",
 	NULL
 };
 
 static const char * const cherry_pick_usage[] = {
 	"git cherry-pick [options] <commit-ish>",
+	"git cherry-pick <subcommand>",
 	NULL
 };
 
-static int edit, no_replay, no_commit, mainline, signoff, allow_ff;
-static enum { REVERT, CHERRY_PICK } action;
-static struct commit *commit;
-static int commit_argc;
-static const char **commit_argv;
-static int allow_rerere_auto;
+enum replay_action { REVERT, CHERRY_PICK };
+enum replay_subcommand {
+	REPLAY_NONE,
+	REPLAY_REMOVE_STATE,
+	REPLAY_CONTINUE,
+	REPLAY_ROLLBACK
+};
 
-static const char *me;
+struct replay_opts {
+	enum replay_action action;
+	enum replay_subcommand subcommand;
 
-/* Merge strategy. */
-static const char *strategy;
-static const char **xopts;
-static size_t xopts_nr, xopts_alloc;
+	/* Boolean options */
+	int edit;
+	int record_origin;
+	int no_commit;
+	int signoff;
+	int allow_ff;
+	int allow_rerere_auto;
+
+	int mainline;
+
+	/* Merge strategy */
+	const char *strategy;
+	const char **xopts;
+	size_t xopts_nr, xopts_alloc;
+
+	/* Only used by REPLAY_NONE */
+	struct rev_info *revs;
+};
 
 #define GIT_REFLOG_ACTION "GIT_REFLOG_ACTION"
 
+static const char *action_name(const struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	return opts->action == REVERT ? "revert" : "cherry-pick";
+}
+
 static char *get_encoding(const char *message);
 
-static const char * const *revert_or_cherry_pick_usage(void)
+static const char * const *revert_or_cherry_pick_usage(struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
-	return action == REVERT ? revert_usage : cherry_pick_usage;
+	return opts->action == REVERT ? revert_usage : cherry_pick_usage;
 }
 
 static int option_parse_x(const struct option *opt,
 			  const char *arg, int unset)
 {
+	struct replay_opts **opts_ptr = opt->value;
+	struct replay_opts *opts = *opts_ptr;
+
 	if (unset)
 		return 0;
 
-	ALLOC_GROW(xopts, xopts_nr + 1, xopts_alloc);
-	xopts[xopts_nr++] = xstrdup(arg);
+	ALLOC_GROW(opts->xopts, opts->xopts_nr + 1, opts->xopts_alloc);
+	opts->xopts[opts->xopts_nr++] = xstrdup(arg);
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void parse_args(int argc, const char **argv)
+static void verify_opt_compatible(const char *me, const char *base_opt, ...)
 {
-	const char * const * usage_str = revert_or_cherry_pick_usage();
-	int noop;
+	const char *this_opt;
+	va_list ap;
+
+	va_start(ap, base_opt);
+	while ((this_opt = va_arg(ap, const char *))) {
+		if (va_arg(ap, int))
+			break;
+	}
+	va_end(ap);
+
+	if (this_opt)
+		die(_("%s: %s cannot be used with %s"), me, this_opt, base_opt);
+}
+
+static void verify_opt_mutually_compatible(const char *me, ...)
+{
+	const char *opt1, *opt2 = NULL;
+	va_list ap;
+
+	va_start(ap, me);
+	while ((opt1 = va_arg(ap, const char *))) {
+		if (va_arg(ap, int))
+			break;
+	}
+	if (opt1) {
+		while ((opt2 = va_arg(ap, const char *))) {
+			if (va_arg(ap, int))
+				break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (opt1 && opt2)
+		die(_("%s: %s cannot be used with %s"),	me, opt1, opt2);
+}
+
+static void parse_args(int argc, const char **argv, struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	const char * const * usage_str = revert_or_cherry_pick_usage(opts);
+	const char *me = action_name(opts);
+	int remove_state = 0;
+	int contin = 0;
+	int rollback = 0;
 	struct option options[] = {
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "no-commit", &no_commit, "don't automatically commit"),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('e', "edit", &edit, "edit the commit message"),
-		{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 'r', NULL, &noop, NULL, "no-op (backward compatibility)",
-		  PARSE_OPT_NOARG | PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN, NULL, 0 },
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "signoff", &signoff, "add Signed-off-by:"),
-		OPT_INTEGER('m', "mainline", &mainline, "parent number"),
-		OPT_RERERE_AUTOUPDATE(&allow_rerere_auto),
-		OPT_STRING(0, "strategy", &strategy, "strategy", "merge strategy"),
-		OPT_CALLBACK('X', "strategy-option", &xopts, "option",
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "quit", &remove_state, "end revert or cherry-pick sequence"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "continue", &contin, "resume revert or cherry-pick sequence"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "abort", &rollback, "cancel revert or cherry-pick sequence"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "no-commit", &opts->no_commit, "don't automatically commit"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('e', "edit", &opts->edit, "edit the commit message"),
+		OPT_NOOP_NOARG('r', NULL),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "signoff", &opts->signoff, "add Signed-off-by:"),
+		OPT_INTEGER('m', "mainline", &opts->mainline, "parent number"),
+		OPT_RERERE_AUTOUPDATE(&opts->allow_rerere_auto),
+		OPT_STRING(0, "strategy", &opts->strategy, "strategy", "merge strategy"),
+		OPT_CALLBACK('X', "strategy-option", &opts, "option",
 			"option for merge strategy", option_parse_x),
 		OPT_END(),
 		OPT_END(),
 		OPT_END(),
 	};
 
-	if (action == CHERRY_PICK) {
+	if (opts->action == CHERRY_PICK) {
 		struct option cp_extra[] = {
-			OPT_BOOLEAN('x', NULL, &no_replay, "append commit name"),
-			OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "ff", &allow_ff, "allow fast-forward"),
+			OPT_BOOLEAN('x', NULL, &opts->record_origin, "append commit name"),
+			OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "ff", &opts->allow_ff, "allow fast-forward"),
 			OPT_END(),
 		};
 		if (parse_options_concat(options, ARRAY_SIZE(options), cp_extra))
 			die(_("program error"));
 	}
 
-	commit_argc = parse_options(argc, argv, NULL, options, usage_str,
-				    PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0 |
-				    PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN);
-	if (commit_argc < 2)
-		usage_with_options(usage_str, options);
+	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, NULL, options, usage_str,
+			PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0 |
+			PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN);
 
-	commit_argv = argv;
+	/* Check for incompatible subcommands */
+	verify_opt_mutually_compatible(me,
+				"--quit", remove_state,
+				"--continue", contin,
+				"--abort", rollback,
+				NULL);
+
+	/* Set the subcommand */
+	if (remove_state)
+		opts->subcommand = REPLAY_REMOVE_STATE;
+	else if (contin)
+		opts->subcommand = REPLAY_CONTINUE;
+	else if (rollback)
+		opts->subcommand = REPLAY_ROLLBACK;
+	else
+		opts->subcommand = REPLAY_NONE;
+
+	/* Check for incompatible command line arguments */
+	if (opts->subcommand != REPLAY_NONE) {
+		char *this_operation;
+		if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_REMOVE_STATE)
+			this_operation = "--quit";
+		else if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_CONTINUE)
+			this_operation = "--continue";
+		else {
+			assert(opts->subcommand == REPLAY_ROLLBACK);
+			this_operation = "--abort";
+		}
+
+		verify_opt_compatible(me, this_operation,
+				"--no-commit", opts->no_commit,
+				"--signoff", opts->signoff,
+				"--mainline", opts->mainline,
+				"--strategy", opts->strategy ? 1 : 0,
+				"--strategy-option", opts->xopts ? 1 : 0,
+				"-x", opts->record_origin,
+				"--ff", opts->allow_ff,
+				NULL);
+	}
+
+	if (opts->allow_ff)
+		verify_opt_compatible(me, "--ff",
+				"--signoff", opts->signoff,
+				"--no-commit", opts->no_commit,
+				"-x", opts->record_origin,
+				"--edit", opts->edit,
+				NULL);
+
+	if (opts->subcommand != REPLAY_NONE) {
+		opts->revs = NULL;
+	} else {
+		opts->revs = xmalloc(sizeof(*opts->revs));
+		init_revisions(opts->revs, NULL);
+		opts->revs->no_walk = 1;
+		if (argc < 2)
+			usage_with_options(usage_str, options);
+		argc = setup_revisions(argc, argv, opts->revs, NULL);
+	}
+
+	if (argc > 1)
+		usage_with_options(usage_str, options);
 }
 
 struct commit_message {
@@ -116,25 +245,25 @@
 	const char *message;
 };
 
-static int get_message(const char *raw_message, struct commit_message *out)
+static int get_message(struct commit *commit, struct commit_message *out)
 {
 	const char *encoding;
 	const char *abbrev, *subject;
 	int abbrev_len, subject_len;
 	char *q;
 
-	if (!raw_message)
+	if (!commit->buffer)
 		return -1;
-	encoding = get_encoding(raw_message);
+	encoding = get_encoding(commit->buffer);
 	if (!encoding)
 		encoding = "UTF-8";
 	if (!git_commit_encoding)
 		git_commit_encoding = "UTF-8";
 
 	out->reencoded_message = NULL;
-	out->message = raw_message;
+	out->message = commit->buffer;
 	if (strcmp(encoding, git_commit_encoding))
-		out->reencoded_message = reencode_string(raw_message,
+		out->reencoded_message = reencode_string(commit->buffer,
 					git_commit_encoding, encoding);
 	if (out->reencoded_message)
 		out->message = out->reencoded_message;
@@ -167,9 +296,6 @@
 {
 	const char *p = message, *eol;
 
-	if (!p)
-		die (_("Could not read commit message of %s"),
-				sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 	while (*p && *p != '\n') {
 		for (eol = p + 1; *eol && *eol != '\n'; eol++)
 			; /* do nothing */
@@ -185,45 +311,24 @@
 	return NULL;
 }
 
-static void add_message_to_msg(struct strbuf *msgbuf, const char *message)
+static void write_cherry_pick_head(struct commit *commit, const char *pseudoref)
 {
-	const char *p = message;
-	while (*p && (*p != '\n' || p[1] != '\n'))
-		p++;
-
-	if (!*p)
-		strbuf_addstr(msgbuf, sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
-
-	p += 2;
-	strbuf_addstr(msgbuf, p);
-}
-
-static void write_cherry_pick_head(void)
-{
+	const char *filename;
 	int fd;
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 
 	strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n", sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 
-	fd = open(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD"), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
+	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
+	fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
 	if (fd < 0)
-		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"),
-			  git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD"));
+		die_errno(_("Could not open '%s' for writing"), filename);
 	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) != buf.len || close(fd))
-		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD"));
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to '%s'"), filename);
 	strbuf_release(&buf);
 }
 
-static void advise(const char *advice, ...)
-{
-	va_list params;
-
-	va_start(params, advice);
-	vreportf("hint: ", advice, params);
-	va_end(params);
-}
-
-static void print_advice(void)
+static void print_advice(int show_hint)
 {
 	char *msg = getenv("GIT_CHERRY_PICK_HELP");
 
@@ -238,9 +343,11 @@
 		return;
 	}
 
-	advise("after resolving the conflicts, mark the corrected paths");
-	advise("with 'git add <paths>' or 'git rm <paths>'");
-	advise("and commit the result with 'git commit'");
+	if (show_hint) {
+		advise("after resolving the conflicts, mark the corrected paths");
+		advise("with 'git add <paths>' or 'git rm <paths>'");
+		advise("and commit the result with 'git commit'");
+	}
 }
 
 static void write_message(struct strbuf *msgbuf, const char *filename)
@@ -250,7 +357,7 @@
 	int msg_fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&msg_file, filename,
 					       LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
 	if (write_in_full(msg_fd, msgbuf->buf, msgbuf->len) < 0)
-		die_errno(_("Could not write to %s."), filename);
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to %s"), filename);
 	strbuf_release(msgbuf);
 	if (commit_lock_file(&msg_file) < 0)
 		die(_("Error wrapping up %s"), filename);
@@ -261,25 +368,20 @@
 	return lookup_tree((const unsigned char *)EMPTY_TREE_SHA1_BIN);
 }
 
-static NORETURN void die_dirty_index(const char *me)
+static int error_dirty_index(struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
-	if (read_cache_unmerged()) {
-		die_resolve_conflict(me);
-	} else {
-		if (advice_commit_before_merge) {
-			if (action == REVERT)
-				die(_("Your local changes would be overwritten by revert.\n"
-					  "Please, commit your changes or stash them to proceed."));
-			else
-				die(_("Your local changes would be overwritten by cherry-pick.\n"
-					  "Please, commit your changes or stash them to proceed."));
-		} else {
-			if (action == REVERT)
-				die(_("Your local changes would be overwritten by revert.\n"));
-			else
-				die(_("Your local changes would be overwritten by cherry-pick.\n"));
-		}
-	}
+	if (read_cache_unmerged())
+		return error_resolve_conflict(action_name(opts));
+
+	/* Different translation strings for cherry-pick and revert */
+	if (opts->action == CHERRY_PICK)
+		error(_("Your local changes would be overwritten by cherry-pick."));
+	else
+		error(_("Your local changes would be overwritten by revert."));
+
+	if (advice_commit_before_merge)
+		advise(_("Commit your changes or stash them to proceed."));
+	return -1;
 }
 
 static int fast_forward_to(const unsigned char *to, const unsigned char *from)
@@ -295,7 +397,8 @@
 
 static int do_recursive_merge(struct commit *base, struct commit *next,
 			      const char *base_label, const char *next_label,
-			      unsigned char *head, struct strbuf *msgbuf)
+			      unsigned char *head, struct strbuf *msgbuf,
+			      struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
 	struct merge_options o;
 	struct tree *result, *next_tree, *base_tree, *head_tree;
@@ -316,7 +419,7 @@
 	next_tree = next ? next->tree : empty_tree();
 	base_tree = base ? base->tree : empty_tree();
 
-	for (xopt = xopts; xopt != xopts + xopts_nr; xopt++)
+	for (xopt = opts->xopts; xopt != opts->xopts + opts->xopts_nr; xopt++)
 		parse_merge_opt(&o, *xopt);
 
 	clean = merge_trees(&o,
@@ -327,7 +430,7 @@
 	    (write_cache(index_fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
 	     commit_locked_index(&index_lock)))
 		/* TRANSLATORS: %s will be "revert" or "cherry-pick" */
-		die(_("%s: Unable to write new index file"), me);
+		die(_("%s: Unable to write new index file"), action_name(opts));
 	rollback_lock_file(&index_lock);
 
 	if (!clean) {
@@ -356,7 +459,7 @@
  * If we are revert, or if our cherry-pick results in a hand merge,
  * we had better say that the current user is responsible for that.
  */
-static int run_git_commit(const char *defmsg)
+static int run_git_commit(const char *defmsg, struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
 	/* 6 is max possible length of our args array including NULL */
 	const char *args[6];
@@ -364,9 +467,9 @@
 
 	args[i++] = "commit";
 	args[i++] = "-n";
-	if (signoff)
+	if (opts->signoff)
 		args[i++] = "-s";
-	if (!edit) {
+	if (!opts->edit) {
 		args[i++] = "-F";
 		args[i++] = defmsg;
 	}
@@ -375,7 +478,7 @@
 	return run_command_v_opt(args, RUN_GIT_CMD);
 }
 
-static int do_pick_commit(void)
+static int do_pick_commit(struct commit *commit, struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
 	unsigned char head[20];
 	struct commit *base, *next, *parent;
@@ -385,7 +488,7 @@
 	struct strbuf msgbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int res;
 
-	if (no_commit) {
+	if (opts->no_commit) {
 		/*
 		 * We do not intend to commit immediately.  We just want to
 		 * merge the differences in, so let's compute the tree
@@ -396,9 +499,9 @@
 			die (_("Your index file is unmerged."));
 	} else {
 		if (get_sha1("HEAD", head))
-			die (_("You do not have a valid HEAD"));
+			return error(_("You do not have a valid HEAD"));
 		if (index_differs_from("HEAD", 0))
-			die_dirty_index(me);
+			return error_dirty_index(opts);
 	}
 	discard_cache();
 
@@ -410,36 +513,36 @@
 		int cnt;
 		struct commit_list *p;
 
-		if (!mainline)
-			die(_("Commit %s is a merge but no -m option was given."),
-			    sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
+		if (!opts->mainline)
+			return error(_("Commit %s is a merge but no -m option was given."),
+				sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 
 		for (cnt = 1, p = commit->parents;
-		     cnt != mainline && p;
+		     cnt != opts->mainline && p;
 		     cnt++)
 			p = p->next;
-		if (cnt != mainline || !p)
-			die(_("Commit %s does not have parent %d"),
-			    sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1), mainline);
+		if (cnt != opts->mainline || !p)
+			return error(_("Commit %s does not have parent %d"),
+				sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1), opts->mainline);
 		parent = p->item;
-	} else if (0 < mainline)
-		die(_("Mainline was specified but commit %s is not a merge."),
-		    sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
+	} else if (0 < opts->mainline)
+		return error(_("Mainline was specified but commit %s is not a merge."),
+			sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 	else
 		parent = commit->parents->item;
 
-	if (allow_ff && parent && !hashcmp(parent->object.sha1, head))
+	if (opts->allow_ff && parent && !hashcmp(parent->object.sha1, head))
 		return fast_forward_to(commit->object.sha1, head);
 
 	if (parent && parse_commit(parent) < 0)
 		/* TRANSLATORS: The first %s will be "revert" or
 		   "cherry-pick", the second %s a SHA1 */
-		die(_("%s: cannot parse parent commit %s"),
-		    me, sha1_to_hex(parent->object.sha1));
+		return error(_("%s: cannot parse parent commit %s"),
+			action_name(opts), sha1_to_hex(parent->object.sha1));
 
-	if (get_message(commit->buffer, &msg) != 0)
-		die(_("Cannot get commit message for %s"),
-				sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
+	if (get_message(commit, &msg) != 0)
+		return error(_("Cannot get commit message for %s"),
+			sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 
 	/*
 	 * "commit" is an existing commit.  We would want to apply
@@ -450,7 +553,7 @@
 
 	defmsg = git_pathdup("MERGE_MSG");
 
-	if (action == REVERT) {
+	if (opts->action == REVERT) {
 		base = commit;
 		base_label = msg.label;
 		next = parent;
@@ -466,23 +569,34 @@
 		}
 		strbuf_addstr(&msgbuf, ".\n");
 	} else {
+		const char *p;
+
 		base = parent;
 		base_label = msg.parent_label;
 		next = commit;
 		next_label = msg.label;
-		add_message_to_msg(&msgbuf, msg.message);
-		if (no_replay) {
+
+		/*
+		 * Append the commit log message to msgbuf; it starts
+		 * after the tree, parent, author, committer
+		 * information followed by "\n\n".
+		 */
+		p = strstr(msg.message, "\n\n");
+		if (p) {
+			p += 2;
+			strbuf_addstr(&msgbuf, p);
+		}
+
+		if (opts->record_origin) {
 			strbuf_addstr(&msgbuf, "(cherry picked from commit ");
 			strbuf_addstr(&msgbuf, sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 			strbuf_addstr(&msgbuf, ")\n");
 		}
-		if (!no_commit)
-			write_cherry_pick_head();
 	}
 
-	if (!strategy || !strcmp(strategy, "recursive") || action == REVERT) {
+	if (!opts->strategy || !strcmp(opts->strategy, "recursive") || opts->action == REVERT) {
 		res = do_recursive_merge(base, next, base_label, next_label,
-					 head, &msgbuf);
+					 head, &msgbuf, opts);
 		write_message(&msgbuf, defmsg);
 	} else {
 		struct commit_list *common = NULL;
@@ -492,23 +606,34 @@
 
 		commit_list_insert(base, &common);
 		commit_list_insert(next, &remotes);
-		res = try_merge_command(strategy, xopts_nr, xopts, common,
-					sha1_to_hex(head), remotes);
+		res = try_merge_command(opts->strategy, opts->xopts_nr, opts->xopts,
+					common, sha1_to_hex(head), remotes);
 		free_commit_list(common);
 		free_commit_list(remotes);
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * If the merge was clean or if it failed due to conflict, we write
+	 * CHERRY_PICK_HEAD for the subsequent invocation of commit to use.
+	 * However, if the merge did not even start, then we don't want to
+	 * write it at all.
+	 */
+	if (opts->action == CHERRY_PICK && !opts->no_commit && (res == 0 || res == 1))
+		write_cherry_pick_head(commit, "CHERRY_PICK_HEAD");
+	if (opts->action == REVERT && ((opts->no_commit && res == 0) || res == 1))
+		write_cherry_pick_head(commit, "REVERT_HEAD");
+
 	if (res) {
-		error(action == REVERT
+		error(opts->action == REVERT
 		      ? _("could not revert %s... %s")
 		      : _("could not apply %s... %s"),
 		      find_unique_abbrev(commit->object.sha1, DEFAULT_ABBREV),
 		      msg.subject);
-		print_advice();
-		rerere(allow_rerere_auto);
+		print_advice(res == 1);
+		rerere(opts->allow_rerere_auto);
 	} else {
-		if (!no_commit)
-			res = run_git_commit(defmsg);
+		if (!opts->no_commit)
+			res = run_git_commit(defmsg, opts);
 	}
 
 	free_message(&msg);
@@ -517,84 +642,523 @@
 	return res;
 }
 
-static void prepare_revs(struct rev_info *revs)
+static void prepare_revs(struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
-	int argc;
+	if (opts->action != REVERT)
+		opts->revs->reverse ^= 1;
 
-	init_revisions(revs, NULL);
-	revs->no_walk = 1;
-	if (action != REVERT)
-		revs->reverse = 1;
-
-	argc = setup_revisions(commit_argc, commit_argv, revs, NULL);
-	if (argc > 1)
-		usage(*revert_or_cherry_pick_usage());
-
-	if (prepare_revision_walk(revs))
+	if (prepare_revision_walk(opts->revs))
 		die(_("revision walk setup failed"));
 
-	if (!revs->commits)
+	if (!opts->revs->commits)
 		die(_("empty commit set passed"));
 }
 
-static void read_and_refresh_cache(const char *me)
+static void read_and_refresh_cache(struct replay_opts *opts)
 {
 	static struct lock_file index_lock;
 	int index_fd = hold_locked_index(&index_lock, 0);
 	if (read_index_preload(&the_index, NULL) < 0)
-		die(_("git %s: failed to read the index"), me);
+		die(_("git %s: failed to read the index"), action_name(opts));
 	refresh_index(&the_index, REFRESH_QUIET|REFRESH_UNMERGED, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 	if (the_index.cache_changed) {
 		if (write_index(&the_index, index_fd) ||
 		    commit_locked_index(&index_lock))
-			die(_("git %s: failed to refresh the index"), me);
+			die(_("git %s: failed to refresh the index"), action_name(opts));
 	}
 	rollback_lock_file(&index_lock);
 }
 
-static int revert_or_cherry_pick(int argc, const char **argv)
+/*
+ * Append a commit to the end of the commit_list.
+ *
+ * next starts by pointing to the variable that holds the head of an
+ * empty commit_list, and is updated to point to the "next" field of
+ * the last item on the list as new commits are appended.
+ *
+ * Usage example:
+ *
+ *     struct commit_list *list;
+ *     struct commit_list **next = &list;
+ *
+ *     next = commit_list_append(c1, next);
+ *     next = commit_list_append(c2, next);
+ *     assert(commit_list_count(list) == 2);
+ *     return list;
+ */
+static struct commit_list **commit_list_append(struct commit *commit,
+					       struct commit_list **next)
 {
-	struct rev_info revs;
+	struct commit_list *new = xmalloc(sizeof(struct commit_list));
+	new->item = commit;
+	*next = new;
+	new->next = NULL;
+	return &new->next;
+}
 
-	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
-	me = action == REVERT ? "revert" : "cherry-pick";
-	setenv(GIT_REFLOG_ACTION, me, 0);
-	parse_args(argc, argv);
+static int format_todo(struct strbuf *buf, struct commit_list *todo_list,
+		struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct commit_list *cur = NULL;
+	struct commit_message msg = { NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL };
+	const char *sha1_abbrev = NULL;
+	const char *action_str = opts->action == REVERT ? "revert" : "pick";
 
-	if (allow_ff) {
-		if (signoff)
-			die(_("cherry-pick --ff cannot be used with --signoff"));
-		if (no_commit)
-			die(_("cherry-pick --ff cannot be used with --no-commit"));
-		if (no_replay)
-			die(_("cherry-pick --ff cannot be used with -x"));
-		if (edit)
-			die(_("cherry-pick --ff cannot be used with --edit"));
+	for (cur = todo_list; cur; cur = cur->next) {
+		sha1_abbrev = find_unique_abbrev(cur->item->object.sha1, DEFAULT_ABBREV);
+		if (get_message(cur->item, &msg))
+			return error(_("Cannot get commit message for %s"), sha1_abbrev);
+		strbuf_addf(buf, "%s %s %s\n", action_str, sha1_abbrev, msg.subject);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct commit *parse_insn_line(char *start, struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	unsigned char commit_sha1[20];
+	char sha1_abbrev[40];
+	enum replay_action action;
+	int insn_len = 0;
+	char *p, *q;
+
+	if (!prefixcmp(start, "pick ")) {
+		action = CHERRY_PICK;
+		insn_len = strlen("pick");
+		p = start + insn_len + 1;
+	} else if (!prefixcmp(start, "revert ")) {
+		action = REVERT;
+		insn_len = strlen("revert");
+		p = start + insn_len + 1;
+	} else
+		return NULL;
+
+	q = strchr(p, ' ');
+	if (!q)
+		return NULL;
+	q++;
+
+	strlcpy(sha1_abbrev, p, q - p);
+
+	/*
+	 * Verify that the action matches up with the one in
+	 * opts; we don't support arbitrary instructions
+	 */
+	if (action != opts->action) {
+		const char *action_str;
+		action_str = action == REVERT ? "revert" : "cherry-pick";
+		error(_("Cannot %s during a %s"), action_str, action_name(opts));
+		return NULL;
 	}
 
-	read_and_refresh_cache(me);
+	if (get_sha1(sha1_abbrev, commit_sha1) < 0)
+		return NULL;
 
-	prepare_revs(&revs);
+	return lookup_commit_reference(commit_sha1);
+}
 
-	while ((commit = get_revision(&revs))) {
-		int res = do_pick_commit();
-		if (res)
-			return res;
+static int parse_insn_buffer(char *buf, struct commit_list **todo_list,
+			struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct commit_list **next = todo_list;
+	struct commit *commit;
+	char *p = buf;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 1; *p; i++) {
+		commit = parse_insn_line(p, opts);
+		if (!commit)
+			return error(_("Could not parse line %d."), i);
+		next = commit_list_append(commit, next);
+		p = strchrnul(p, '\n');
+		if (*p)
+			p++;
 	}
+	if (!*todo_list)
+		return error(_("No commits parsed."));
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void read_populate_todo(struct commit_list **todo_list,
+			struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	const char *todo_file = git_path(SEQ_TODO_FILE);
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int fd, res;
+
+	fd = open(todo_file, O_RDONLY);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		die_errno(_("Could not open %s"), todo_file);
+	if (strbuf_read(&buf, fd, 0) < 0) {
+		close(fd);
+		strbuf_release(&buf);
+		die(_("Could not read %s."), todo_file);
+	}
+	close(fd);
+
+	res = parse_insn_buffer(buf.buf, todo_list, opts);
+	strbuf_release(&buf);
+	if (res)
+		die(_("Unusable instruction sheet: %s"), todo_file);
+}
+
+static int populate_opts_cb(const char *key, const char *value, void *data)
+{
+	struct replay_opts *opts = data;
+	int error_flag = 1;
+
+	if (!value)
+		error_flag = 0;
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.no-commit"))
+		opts->no_commit = git_config_bool_or_int(key, value, &error_flag);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.edit"))
+		opts->edit = git_config_bool_or_int(key, value, &error_flag);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.signoff"))
+		opts->signoff = git_config_bool_or_int(key, value, &error_flag);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.record-origin"))
+		opts->record_origin = git_config_bool_or_int(key, value, &error_flag);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.allow-ff"))
+		opts->allow_ff = git_config_bool_or_int(key, value, &error_flag);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.mainline"))
+		opts->mainline = git_config_int(key, value);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.strategy"))
+		git_config_string(&opts->strategy, key, value);
+	else if (!strcmp(key, "options.strategy-option")) {
+		ALLOC_GROW(opts->xopts, opts->xopts_nr + 1, opts->xopts_alloc);
+		opts->xopts[opts->xopts_nr++] = xstrdup(value);
+	} else
+		return error(_("Invalid key: %s"), key);
+
+	if (!error_flag)
+		return error(_("Invalid value for %s: %s"), key, value);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static void read_populate_opts(struct replay_opts **opts_ptr)
+{
+	const char *opts_file = git_path(SEQ_OPTS_FILE);
+
+	if (!file_exists(opts_file))
+		return;
+	if (git_config_from_file(populate_opts_cb, opts_file, *opts_ptr) < 0)
+		die(_("Malformed options sheet: %s"), opts_file);
+}
+
+static void walk_revs_populate_todo(struct commit_list **todo_list,
+				struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct commit *commit;
+	struct commit_list **next;
+
+	prepare_revs(opts);
+
+	next = todo_list;
+	while ((commit = get_revision(opts->revs)))
+		next = commit_list_append(commit, next);
+}
+
+static int create_seq_dir(void)
+{
+	const char *seq_dir = git_path(SEQ_DIR);
+
+	if (file_exists(seq_dir)) {
+		error(_("a cherry-pick or revert is already in progress"));
+		advise(_("try \"git cherry-pick (--continue | --quit | --abort)\""));
+		return -1;
+	}
+	else if (mkdir(seq_dir, 0777) < 0)
+		die_errno(_("Could not create sequencer directory %s"), seq_dir);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void save_head(const char *head)
+{
+	const char *head_file = git_path(SEQ_HEAD_FILE);
+	static struct lock_file head_lock;
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int fd;
+
+	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&head_lock, head_file, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+	strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n", head);
+	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) < 0)
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to %s"), head_file);
+	if (commit_lock_file(&head_lock) < 0)
+		die(_("Error wrapping up %s."), head_file);
+}
+
+static int reset_for_rollback(const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	const char *argv[4];	/* reset --merge <arg> + NULL */
+	argv[0] = "reset";
+	argv[1] = "--merge";
+	argv[2] = sha1_to_hex(sha1);
+	argv[3] = NULL;
+	return run_command_v_opt(argv, RUN_GIT_CMD);
+}
+
+static int rollback_single_pick(void)
+{
+	unsigned char head_sha1[20];
+
+	if (!file_exists(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD")) &&
+	    !file_exists(git_path("REVERT_HEAD")))
+		return error(_("no cherry-pick or revert in progress"));
+	if (!resolve_ref("HEAD", head_sha1, 0, NULL))
+		return error(_("cannot resolve HEAD"));
+	if (is_null_sha1(head_sha1))
+		return error(_("cannot abort from a branch yet to be born"));
+	return reset_for_rollback(head_sha1);
+}
+
+static int sequencer_rollback(struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	const char *filename;
+	FILE *f;
+	unsigned char sha1[20];
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+	filename = git_path(SEQ_HEAD_FILE);
+	f = fopen(filename, "r");
+	if (!f && errno == ENOENT) {
+		/*
+		 * There is no multiple-cherry-pick in progress.
+		 * If CHERRY_PICK_HEAD or REVERT_HEAD indicates
+		 * a single-cherry-pick in progress, abort that.
+		 */
+		return rollback_single_pick();
+	}
+	if (!f)
+		return error(_("cannot open %s: %s"), filename,
+						strerror(errno));
+	if (strbuf_getline(&buf, f, '\n')) {
+		error(_("cannot read %s: %s"), filename, ferror(f) ?
+			strerror(errno) : _("unexpected end of file"));
+		fclose(f);
+		goto fail;
+	}
+	fclose(f);
+	if (get_sha1_hex(buf.buf, sha1) || buf.buf[40] != '\0') {
+		error(_("stored pre-cherry-pick HEAD file '%s' is corrupt"),
+			filename);
+		goto fail;
+	}
+	if (reset_for_rollback(sha1))
+		goto fail;
+	remove_sequencer_state();
+	strbuf_release(&buf);
+	return 0;
+fail:
+	strbuf_release(&buf);
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static void save_todo(struct commit_list *todo_list, struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	const char *todo_file = git_path(SEQ_TODO_FILE);
+	static struct lock_file todo_lock;
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int fd;
+
+	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&todo_lock, todo_file, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+	if (format_todo(&buf, todo_list, opts) < 0)
+		die(_("Could not format %s."), todo_file);
+	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) < 0) {
+		strbuf_release(&buf);
+		die_errno(_("Could not write to %s"), todo_file);
+	}
+	if (commit_lock_file(&todo_lock) < 0) {
+		strbuf_release(&buf);
+		die(_("Error wrapping up %s."), todo_file);
+	}
+	strbuf_release(&buf);
+}
+
+static void save_opts(struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	const char *opts_file = git_path(SEQ_OPTS_FILE);
+
+	if (opts->no_commit)
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.no-commit", "true");
+	if (opts->edit)
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.edit", "true");
+	if (opts->signoff)
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.signoff", "true");
+	if (opts->record_origin)
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.record-origin", "true");
+	if (opts->allow_ff)
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.allow-ff", "true");
+	if (opts->mainline) {
+		struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+		strbuf_addf(&buf, "%d", opts->mainline);
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.mainline", buf.buf);
+		strbuf_release(&buf);
+	}
+	if (opts->strategy)
+		git_config_set_in_file(opts_file, "options.strategy", opts->strategy);
+	if (opts->xopts) {
+		int i;
+		for (i = 0; i < opts->xopts_nr; i++)
+			git_config_set_multivar_in_file(opts_file,
+							"options.strategy-option",
+							opts->xopts[i], "^$", 0);
+	}
+}
+
+static int pick_commits(struct commit_list *todo_list, struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct commit_list *cur;
+	int res;
+
+	setenv(GIT_REFLOG_ACTION, action_name(opts), 0);
+	if (opts->allow_ff)
+		assert(!(opts->signoff || opts->no_commit ||
+				opts->record_origin || opts->edit));
+	read_and_refresh_cache(opts);
+
+	for (cur = todo_list; cur; cur = cur->next) {
+		save_todo(cur, opts);
+		res = do_pick_commit(cur->item, opts);
+		if (res)
+			return res;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Sequence of picks finished successfully; cleanup by
+	 * removing the .git/sequencer directory
+	 */
+	remove_sequencer_state();
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int continue_single_pick(void)
+{
+	const char *argv[] = { "commit", NULL };
+
+	if (!file_exists(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD")) &&
+	    !file_exists(git_path("REVERT_HEAD")))
+		return error(_("no cherry-pick or revert in progress"));
+	return run_command_v_opt(argv, RUN_GIT_CMD);
+}
+
+static int sequencer_continue(struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct commit_list *todo_list = NULL;
+
+	if (!file_exists(git_path(SEQ_TODO_FILE)))
+		return continue_single_pick();
+	read_populate_opts(&opts);
+	read_populate_todo(&todo_list, opts);
+
+	/* Verify that the conflict has been resolved */
+	if (file_exists(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD")) ||
+	    file_exists(git_path("REVERT_HEAD"))) {
+		int ret = continue_single_pick();
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+	if (index_differs_from("HEAD", 0))
+		return error_dirty_index(opts);
+	todo_list = todo_list->next;
+	return pick_commits(todo_list, opts);
+}
+
+static int single_pick(struct commit *cmit, struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	setenv(GIT_REFLOG_ACTION, action_name(opts), 0);
+	return do_pick_commit(cmit, opts);
+}
+
+static int pick_revisions(struct replay_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct commit_list *todo_list = NULL;
+	unsigned char sha1[20];
+
+	if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_NONE)
+		assert(opts->revs);
+
+	read_and_refresh_cache(opts);
+
+	/*
+	 * Decide what to do depending on the arguments; a fresh
+	 * cherry-pick should be handled differently from an existing
+	 * one that is being continued
+	 */
+	if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_REMOVE_STATE) {
+		remove_sequencer_state();
+		return 0;
+	}
+	if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_ROLLBACK)
+		return sequencer_rollback(opts);
+	if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_CONTINUE)
+		return sequencer_continue(opts);
+
+	/*
+	 * If we were called as "git cherry-pick <commit>", just
+	 * cherry-pick/revert it, set CHERRY_PICK_HEAD /
+	 * REVERT_HEAD, and don't touch the sequencer state.
+	 * This means it is possible to cherry-pick in the middle
+	 * of a cherry-pick sequence.
+	 */
+	if (opts->revs->cmdline.nr == 1 &&
+	    opts->revs->cmdline.rev->whence == REV_CMD_REV &&
+	    opts->revs->no_walk &&
+	    !opts->revs->cmdline.rev->flags) {
+		struct commit *cmit;
+		if (prepare_revision_walk(opts->revs))
+			die(_("revision walk setup failed"));
+		cmit = get_revision(opts->revs);
+		if (!cmit || get_revision(opts->revs))
+			die("BUG: expected exactly one commit from walk");
+		return single_pick(cmit, opts);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Start a new cherry-pick/ revert sequence; but
+	 * first, make sure that an existing one isn't in
+	 * progress
+	 */
+
+	walk_revs_populate_todo(&todo_list, opts);
+	if (create_seq_dir() < 0)
+		return -1;
+	if (get_sha1("HEAD", sha1)) {
+		if (opts->action == REVERT)
+			return error(_("Can't revert as initial commit"));
+		return error(_("Can't cherry-pick into empty head"));
+	}
+	save_head(sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+	save_opts(opts);
+	return pick_commits(todo_list, opts);
+}
+
 int cmd_revert(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
+	struct replay_opts opts;
+	int res;
+
+	memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
 	if (isatty(0))
-		edit = 1;
-	action = REVERT;
-	return revert_or_cherry_pick(argc, argv);
+		opts.edit = 1;
+	opts.action = REVERT;
+	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
+	parse_args(argc, argv, &opts);
+	res = pick_revisions(&opts);
+	if (res < 0)
+		die(_("revert failed"));
+	return res;
 }
 
 int cmd_cherry_pick(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
-	action = CHERRY_PICK;
-	return revert_or_cherry_pick(argc, argv);
+	struct replay_opts opts;
+	int res;
+
+	memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
+	opts.action = CHERRY_PICK;
+	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
+	parse_args(argc, argv, &opts);
+	res = pick_revisions(&opts);
+	if (res < 0)
+		die(_("cherry-pick failed"));
+	return res;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/send-pack.c b/builtin/send-pack.c
index c1f6ddd..cd1115f 100644
--- a/builtin/send-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/send-pack.c
@@ -334,7 +334,7 @@
 		demux.data = fd;
 		demux.out = -1;
 		if (start_async(&demux))
-			die("receive-pack: unable to fork off sideband demultiplexer");
+			die("send-pack: unable to fork off sideband demultiplexer");
 		in = demux.out;
 	}
 
@@ -494,8 +494,7 @@
 
 	memset(&extra_have, 0, sizeof(extra_have));
 
-	get_remote_heads(fd[0], &remote_refs, 0, NULL, REF_NORMAL,
-			 &extra_have);
+	get_remote_heads(fd[0], &remote_refs, REF_NORMAL, &extra_have);
 
 	transport_verify_remote_names(nr_refspecs, refspecs);
 
@@ -509,7 +508,7 @@
 		flags |= MATCH_REFS_MIRROR;
 
 	/* match them up */
-	if (match_refs(local_refs, &remote_refs, nr_refspecs, refspecs, flags))
+	if (match_push_refs(local_refs, &remote_refs, nr_refspecs, refspecs, flags))
 		return -1;
 
 	set_ref_status_for_push(remote_refs, args.send_mirror,
diff --git a/builtin/show-ref.c b/builtin/show-ref.c
index 45f0340..fafb6dd 100644
--- a/builtin/show-ref.c
+++ b/builtin/show-ref.c
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@
 			if (strncmp(ref, match, matchlen))
 				continue;
 		}
-		if (check_ref_format(ref)) {
+		if (check_refname_format(ref, 0)) {
 			warning("ref '%s' ignored", ref);
 			continue;
 		}
diff --git a/builtin/stripspace.c b/builtin/stripspace.c
index 1288ffc..f16986c 100644
--- a/builtin/stripspace.c
+++ b/builtin/stripspace.c
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@
 				!strcmp(argv[1], "--strip-comments")))
 		strip_comments = 1;
 	else if (argc > 1)
-		usage("git stripspace [-s | --strip-comments] < <stream>");
+		usage("git stripspace [-s | --strip-comments] < input");
 
 	if (strbuf_read(&buf, 0, 1024) < 0)
 		die_errno("could not read the input");
diff --git a/builtin/tag.c b/builtin/tag.c
index 667515e..9b6fd95 100644
--- a/builtin/tag.c
+++ b/builtin/tag.c
@@ -407,12 +407,12 @@
 static int strbuf_check_tag_ref(struct strbuf *sb, const char *name)
 {
 	if (name[0] == '-')
-		return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
+		return -1;
 
 	strbuf_reset(sb);
 	strbuf_addf(sb, "refs/tags/%s", name);
 
-	return check_ref_format(sb->buf);
+	return check_refname_format(sb->buf, 0);
 }
 
 int cmd_tag(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
@@ -429,21 +429,21 @@
 	struct msg_arg msg = { 0, STRBUF_INIT };
 	struct commit_list *with_commit = NULL;
 	struct option options[] = {
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('l', NULL, &list, "list tag names"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('l', "list", &list, "list tag names"),
 		{ OPTION_INTEGER, 'n', NULL, &lines, "n",
 				"print <n> lines of each tag message",
 				PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, NULL, 1 },
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('d', NULL, &delete, "delete tags"),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('v', NULL, &verify, "verify tags"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('d', "delete", &delete, "delete tags"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('v', "verify", &verify, "verify tags"),
 
 		OPT_GROUP("Tag creation options"),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('a', NULL, &annotate,
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('a', "annotate", &annotate,
 					"annotated tag, needs a message"),
-		OPT_CALLBACK('m', NULL, &msg, "message",
+		OPT_CALLBACK('m', "message", &msg, "message",
 			     "tag message", parse_msg_arg),
-		OPT_FILENAME('F', NULL, &msgfile, "read message from file"),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('s', NULL, &sign, "annotated and GPG-signed tag"),
-		OPT_STRING('u', NULL, &keyid, "key-id",
+		OPT_FILENAME('F', "file", &msgfile, "read message from file"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "sign", &sign, "annotated and GPG-signed tag"),
+		OPT_STRING('u', "local-user", &keyid, "key-id",
 					"use another key to sign the tag"),
 		OPT__FORCE(&force, "replace the tag if exists"),
 
diff --git a/bundle.c b/bundle.c
index 6bf8497..8a1d53b 100644
--- a/bundle.c
+++ b/bundle.c
@@ -23,50 +23,102 @@
 	list->nr++;
 }
 
-/* returns an fd */
+/* Eventually this should go to strbuf.[ch] */
+static int strbuf_readline_fd(struct strbuf *sb, int fd)
+{
+	strbuf_reset(sb);
+
+	while (1) {
+		char ch;
+		ssize_t len = xread(fd, &ch, 1);
+		if (len <= 0)
+			return len;
+		strbuf_addch(sb, ch);
+		if (ch == '\n')
+			break;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse_bundle_header(int fd, struct bundle_header *header,
+			       const char *report_path)
+{
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int status = 0;
+
+	/* The bundle header begins with the signature */
+	if (strbuf_readline_fd(&buf, fd) ||
+	    strcmp(buf.buf, bundle_signature)) {
+		if (report_path)
+			error("'%s' does not look like a v2 bundle file",
+			      report_path);
+		status = -1;
+		goto abort;
+	}
+
+	/* The bundle header ends with an empty line */
+	while (!strbuf_readline_fd(&buf, fd) &&
+	       buf.len && buf.buf[0] != '\n') {
+		unsigned char sha1[20];
+		int is_prereq = 0;
+
+		if (*buf.buf == '-') {
+			is_prereq = 1;
+			strbuf_remove(&buf, 0, 1);
+		}
+		strbuf_rtrim(&buf);
+
+		/*
+		 * Tip lines have object name, SP, and refname.
+		 * Prerequisites have object name that is optionally
+		 * followed by SP and subject line.
+		 */
+		if (get_sha1_hex(buf.buf, sha1) ||
+		    (40 <= buf.len && !isspace(buf.buf[40])) ||
+		    (!is_prereq && buf.len <= 40)) {
+			if (report_path)
+				error("unrecognized header: %s%s (%d)",
+				      (is_prereq ? "-" : ""), buf.buf, (int)buf.len);
+			status = -1;
+			break;
+		} else {
+			if (is_prereq)
+				add_to_ref_list(sha1, "", &header->prerequisites);
+			else
+				add_to_ref_list(sha1, buf.buf + 41, &header->references);
+		}
+	}
+
+ abort:
+	if (status) {
+		close(fd);
+		fd = -1;
+	}
+	strbuf_release(&buf);
+	return fd;
+}
+
 int read_bundle_header(const char *path, struct bundle_header *header)
 {
-	char buffer[1024];
-	int fd;
-	long fpos;
-	FILE *ffd = fopen(path, "rb");
+	int fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
 
-	if (!ffd)
-		return error("could not open '%s'", path);
-	if (!fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), ffd) ||
-			strcmp(buffer, bundle_signature)) {
-		fclose(ffd);
-		return error("'%s' does not look like a v2 bundle file", path);
-	}
-	while (fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), ffd)
-			&& buffer[0] != '\n') {
-		int is_prereq = buffer[0] == '-';
-		int offset = is_prereq ? 1 : 0;
-		int len = strlen(buffer);
-		unsigned char sha1[20];
-		struct ref_list *list = is_prereq ? &header->prerequisites
-			: &header->references;
-		char delim;
-
-		if (len && buffer[len - 1] == '\n')
-			buffer[len - 1] = '\0';
-		if (get_sha1_hex(buffer + offset, sha1)) {
-			warning("unrecognized header: %s", buffer);
-			continue;
-		}
-		delim = buffer[40 + offset];
-		if (!isspace(delim) && (delim != '\0' || !is_prereq))
-			die ("invalid header: %s", buffer);
-		add_to_ref_list(sha1, isspace(delim) ?
-				buffer + 41 + offset : "", list);
-	}
-	fpos = ftell(ffd);
-	fclose(ffd);
-	fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
 	if (fd < 0)
 		return error("could not open '%s'", path);
-	lseek(fd, fpos, SEEK_SET);
-	return fd;
+	return parse_bundle_header(fd, header, path);
+}
+
+int is_bundle(const char *path, int quiet)
+{
+	struct bundle_header header;
+	int fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
+
+	if (fd < 0)
+		return 0;
+	memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
+	fd = parse_bundle_header(fd, &header, quiet ? NULL : path);
+	if (fd >= 0)
+		close(fd);
+	return (fd >= 0);
 }
 
 static int list_refs(struct ref_list *r, int argc, const char **argv)
@@ -122,11 +174,8 @@
 	req_nr = revs.pending.nr;
 	setup_revisions(2, argv, &revs, NULL);
 
-	memset(&refs, 0, sizeof(struct object_array));
-	for (i = 0; i < revs.pending.nr; i++) {
-		struct object_array_entry *e = revs.pending.objects + i;
-		add_object_array(e->item, e->name, &refs);
-	}
+	refs = revs.pending;
+	revs.leak_pending = 1;
 
 	if (prepare_revision_walk(&revs))
 		die("revision walk setup failed");
@@ -144,8 +193,8 @@
 				refs.objects[i].name);
 		}
 
-	for (i = 0; i < refs.nr; i++)
-		clear_commit_marks((struct commit *)refs.objects[i].item, -1);
+	clear_commit_marks_for_object_array(&refs, ALL_REV_FLAGS);
+	free(refs.objects);
 
 	if (verbose) {
 		struct ref_list *r;
diff --git a/bundle.h b/bundle.h
index c5a22c8..1584e4d 100644
--- a/bundle.h
+++ b/bundle.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 	struct ref_list references;
 };
 
+int is_bundle(const char *path, int quiet);
 int read_bundle_header(const char *path, struct bundle_header *header);
 int create_bundle(struct bundle_header *header, const char *path,
 		int argc, const char **argv);
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 8d95fb2..79c612f 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -168,6 +168,7 @@
 	unsigned int ce_flags;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	struct cache_entry *next;
+	struct cache_entry *dir_next;
 	char name[FLEX_ARRAY]; /* more */
 };
 
@@ -439,12 +440,12 @@
 extern const char *strip_namespace(const char *namespaced_ref);
 extern const char *get_git_work_tree(void);
 extern const char *read_gitfile(const char *path);
+extern const char *resolve_gitdir(const char *suspect);
 extern void set_git_work_tree(const char *tree);
 
 #define ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES"
 
 extern const char **get_pathspec(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec);
-extern const char *pathspec_prefix(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec);
 extern void setup_work_tree(void);
 extern const char *setup_git_directory_gently(int *);
 extern const char *setup_git_directory(void);
@@ -735,7 +736,7 @@
 int safe_create_leading_directories_const(const char *path);
 int mkdir_in_gitdir(const char *path);
 extern char *expand_user_path(const char *path);
-char *enter_repo(char *path, int strict);
+const char *enter_repo(const char *path, int strict);
 static inline int is_absolute_path(const char *path)
 {
 	return is_dir_sep(path[0]) || has_dos_drive_prefix(path);
@@ -820,10 +821,51 @@
 {
 	return get_sha1_with_context_1(str, sha1, orc, 0, NULL);
 }
+
+/*
+ * Try to read a SHA1 in hexadecimal format from the 40 characters
+ * starting at hex.  Write the 20-byte result to sha1 in binary form.
+ * Return 0 on success.  Reading stops if a NUL is encountered in the
+ * input, so it is safe to pass this function an arbitrary
+ * null-terminated string.
+ */
 extern int get_sha1_hex(const char *hex, unsigned char *sha1);
+
 extern char *sha1_to_hex(const unsigned char *sha1);	/* static buffer result! */
 extern int read_ref(const char *filename, unsigned char *sha1);
-extern const char *resolve_ref(const char *path, unsigned char *sha1, int, int *);
+
+/*
+ * Resolve a reference, recursively following symbolic refererences.
+ *
+ * Store the referred-to object's name in sha1 and return the name of
+ * the non-symbolic reference that ultimately pointed at it.  The
+ * return value, if not NULL, is a pointer into either a static buffer
+ * or the input ref.
+ *
+ * If the reference cannot be resolved to an object, the behavior
+ * depends on the "reading" argument:
+ *
+ * - If reading is set, return NULL.
+ *
+ * - If reading is not set, clear sha1 and return the name of the last
+ *   reference name in the chain, which will either be a non-symbolic
+ *   reference or an undefined reference.  If this is a prelude to
+ *   "writing" to the ref, the return value is the name of the ref
+ *   that will actually be created or changed.
+ *
+ * If flag is non-NULL, set the value that it points to the
+ * combination of REF_ISPACKED (if the reference was found among the
+ * packed references) and REF_ISSYMREF (if the initial reference was a
+ * symbolic reference).
+ *
+ * If ref is not a properly-formatted, normalized reference, return
+ * NULL.  If more than MAXDEPTH recursive symbolic lookups are needed,
+ * give up and return NULL.
+ *
+ * errno is sometimes set on errors, but not always.
+ */
+extern const char *resolve_ref(const char *ref, unsigned char *sha1, int reading, int *flag);
+
 extern int dwim_ref(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1, char **ref);
 extern int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1, char **ref);
 extern int interpret_branch_name(const char *str, struct strbuf *);
@@ -986,12 +1028,11 @@
 extern struct child_process *git_connect(int fd[2], const char *url, const char *prog, int flags);
 extern int finish_connect(struct child_process *conn);
 extern int git_connection_is_socket(struct child_process *conn);
-extern int path_match(const char *path, int nr, char **match);
 struct extra_have_objects {
 	int nr, alloc;
 	unsigned char (*array)[20];
 };
-extern struct ref **get_remote_heads(int in, struct ref **list, int nr_match, char **match, unsigned int flags, struct extra_have_objects *);
+extern struct ref **get_remote_heads(int in, struct ref **list, unsigned int flags, struct extra_have_objects *);
 extern int server_supports(const char *feature);
 
 extern struct packed_git *parse_pack_index(unsigned char *sha1, const char *idx_path);
@@ -1015,6 +1056,7 @@
 extern const unsigned char *nth_packed_object_sha1(struct packed_git *, uint32_t);
 extern off_t nth_packed_object_offset(const struct packed_git *, uint32_t);
 extern off_t find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *, struct packed_git *);
+extern int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *);
 extern void *unpack_entry(struct packed_git *, off_t, enum object_type *, unsigned long *);
 extern unsigned long unpack_object_header_buffer(const unsigned char *buf, unsigned long len, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep);
 extern unsigned long get_size_from_delta(struct packed_git *, struct pack_window **, off_t);
@@ -1077,9 +1119,11 @@
 extern int git_config_maybe_bool(const char *, const char *);
 extern int git_config_string(const char **, const char *, const char *);
 extern int git_config_pathname(const char **, const char *, const char *);
+extern int git_config_set_in_file(const char *, const char *, const char *);
 extern int git_config_set(const char *, const char *);
 extern int git_config_parse_key(const char *, char **, int *);
 extern int git_config_set_multivar(const char *, const char *, const char *, int);
+extern int git_config_set_multivar_in_file(const char *, const char *, const char *, const char *, int);
 extern int git_config_rename_section(const char *, const char *);
 extern const char *git_etc_gitconfig(void);
 extern int check_repository_format_version(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb);
diff --git a/command-list.txt b/command-list.txt
index 95bf18c..a36ee9b 100644
--- a/command-list.txt
+++ b/command-list.txt
@@ -130,5 +130,6 @@
 git-var                                 plumbinginterrogators
 git-verify-pack                         plumbinginterrogators
 git-verify-tag                          ancillaryinterrogators
+gitweb                                  ancillaryinterrogators
 git-whatchanged                         ancillaryinterrogators
 git-write-tree                          plumbingmanipulators
diff --git a/commit.c b/commit.c
index 9f4cc63..73b7e00 100644
--- a/commit.c
+++ b/commit.c
@@ -442,6 +442,20 @@
 	}
 }
 
+void clear_commit_marks_for_object_array(struct object_array *a, unsigned mark)
+{
+	struct object *object;
+	struct commit *commit;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < a->nr; i++) {
+		object = a->objects[i].item;
+		commit = lookup_commit_reference_gently(object->sha1, 1);
+		if (commit)
+			clear_commit_marks(commit, mark);
+	}
+}
+
 struct commit *pop_commit(struct commit_list **stack)
 {
 	struct commit_list *top = *stack;
diff --git a/commit.h b/commit.h
index 14f6a5a..009b113 100644
--- a/commit.h
+++ b/commit.h
@@ -133,6 +133,7 @@
 struct commit *pop_commit(struct commit_list **stack);
 
 void clear_commit_marks(struct commit *commit, unsigned int mark);
+void clear_commit_marks_for_object_array(struct object_array *a, unsigned mark);
 
 /*
  * Performs an in-place topological sort of list supplied.
diff --git a/compat/inet_ntop.c b/compat/inet_ntop.c
index ea249c6..60b5a1d 100644
--- a/compat/inet_ntop.c
+++ b/compat/inet_ntop.c
@@ -98,7 +98,9 @@
 	for (i = 0; i < NS_IN6ADDRSZ; i++)
 		words[i / 2] |= (src[i] << ((1 - (i % 2)) << 3));
 	best.base = -1;
+	best.len = 0;
 	cur.base = -1;
+	cur.len = 0;
 	for (i = 0; i < (NS_IN6ADDRSZ / NS_INT16SZ); i++) {
 		if (words[i] == 0) {
 			if (cur.base == -1)
diff --git a/compat/mingw.c b/compat/mingw.c
index f899bf0..a0ac487 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.c
+++ b/compat/mingw.c
@@ -1321,6 +1321,13 @@
 	initialized = 1;
 }
 
+#undef gethostname
+int mingw_gethostname(char *name, int namelen)
+{
+    ensure_socket_initialization();
+    return gethostname(name, namelen);
+}
+
 #undef gethostbyname
 struct hostent *mingw_gethostbyname(const char *host)
 {
diff --git a/compat/mingw.h b/compat/mingw.h
index 43e42f4..0ff1e04 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.h
+++ b/compat/mingw.h
@@ -190,6 +190,9 @@
 char *mingw_getenv(const char *name);
 #define getenv mingw_getenv
 
+int mingw_gethostname(char *host, int namelen);
+#define gethostname mingw_gethostname
+
 struct hostent *mingw_gethostbyname(const char *host);
 #define gethostbyname mingw_gethostbyname
 
diff --git a/compat/obstack.c b/compat/obstack.c
index a89ab5b..e276ccd 100644
--- a/compat/obstack.c
+++ b/compat/obstack.c
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@
 					       alignment - 1);
   h->chunk_limit = chunk->limit
     = (char *) chunk + h->chunk_size;
-  chunk->prev = 0;
+  chunk->prev = NULL;
   /* The initial chunk now contains no empty object.  */
   h->maybe_empty_object = 0;
   h->alloc_failed = 0;
@@ -221,7 +221,7 @@
 					       alignment - 1);
   h->chunk_limit = chunk->limit
     = (char *) chunk + h->chunk_size;
-  chunk->prev = 0;
+  chunk->prev = NULL;
   /* The initial chunk now contains no empty object.  */
   h->maybe_empty_object = 0;
   h->alloc_failed = 0;
@@ -321,12 +321,12 @@
   /* We use >= rather than > since the object cannot be exactly at
      the beginning of the chunk but might be an empty object exactly
      at the end of an adjacent chunk.  */
-  while (lp != 0 && ((void *) lp >= obj || (void *) (lp)->limit < obj))
+  while (lp != NULL && ((void *) lp >= obj || (void *) (lp)->limit < obj))
     {
       plp = lp->prev;
       lp = plp;
     }
-  return lp != 0;
+  return lp != NULL;
 }
 
 /* Free objects in obstack H, including OBJ and everything allocate
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@
   /* We use >= because there cannot be an object at the beginning of a chunk.
      But there can be an empty object at that address
      at the end of another chunk.  */
-  while (lp != 0 && ((void *) lp >= obj || (void *) (lp)->limit < obj))
+  while (lp != NULL && ((void *) lp >= obj || (void *) (lp)->limit < obj))
     {
       plp = lp->prev;
       CALL_FREEFUN (h, lp);
@@ -359,7 +359,7 @@
       h->chunk_limit = lp->limit;
       h->chunk = lp;
     }
-  else if (obj != 0)
+  else if (obj != NULL)
     /* obj is not in any of the chunks! */
     abort ();
 }
@@ -376,7 +376,7 @@
   register struct _obstack_chunk* lp;
   register int nbytes = 0;
 
-  for (lp = h->chunk; lp != 0; lp = lp->prev)
+  for (lp = h->chunk; lp != NULL; lp = lp->prev)
     {
       nbytes += lp->limit - (char *) lp;
     }
@@ -395,7 +395,6 @@
 # endif
 
 static void
-__attribute__ ((noreturn))
 print_and_abort (void)
 {
   /* Don't change any of these strings.  Yes, it would be possible to add
diff --git a/compat/setenv.c b/compat/setenv.c
index 3a22ea7..fc1439a 100644
--- a/compat/setenv.c
+++ b/compat/setenv.c
@@ -6,7 +6,10 @@
 	size_t namelen, valuelen;
 	char *envstr;
 
-	if (!name || !value) return -1;
+	if (!name || strchr(name, '=') || !value) {
+		errno = EINVAL;
+		return -1;
+	}
 	if (!replace) {
 		char *oldval = NULL;
 		oldval = getenv(name);
@@ -16,7 +19,10 @@
 	namelen = strlen(name);
 	valuelen = strlen(value);
 	envstr = malloc((namelen + valuelen + 2));
-	if (!envstr) return -1;
+	if (!envstr) {
+		errno = ENOMEM;
+		return -1;
+	}
 
 	memcpy(envstr, name, namelen);
 	envstr[namelen] = '=';
diff --git a/compat/snprintf.c b/compat/snprintf.c
index e1e0e75..42ea1ac 100644
--- a/compat/snprintf.c
+++ b/compat/snprintf.c
@@ -19,11 +19,14 @@
 #undef vsnprintf
 int git_vsnprintf(char *str, size_t maxsize, const char *format, va_list ap)
 {
+	va_list cp;
 	char *s;
 	int ret = -1;
 
 	if (maxsize > 0) {
-		ret = vsnprintf(str, maxsize-SNPRINTF_SIZE_CORR, format, ap);
+		va_copy(cp, ap);
+		ret = vsnprintf(str, maxsize-SNPRINTF_SIZE_CORR, format, cp);
+		va_end(cp);
 		if (ret == maxsize-1)
 			ret = -1;
 		/* Windows does not NUL-terminate if result fills buffer */
@@ -42,7 +45,9 @@
 		if (! str)
 			break;
 		s = str;
-		ret = vsnprintf(str, maxsize-SNPRINTF_SIZE_CORR, format, ap);
+		va_copy(cp, ap);
+		ret = vsnprintf(str, maxsize-SNPRINTF_SIZE_CORR, format, cp);
+		va_end(cp);
 		if (ret == maxsize-1)
 			ret = -1;
 	}
diff --git a/compat/strtoimax.c b/compat/strtoimax.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ac09ed8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/compat/strtoimax.c
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+#include "../git-compat-util.h"
+
+intmax_t gitstrtoimax (const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base)
+{
+#if defined(NO_STRTOULL)
+	return strtol(nptr, endptr, base);
+#else
+	return strtoll(nptr, endptr, base);
+#endif
+}
diff --git a/compat/win32/sys/poll.c b/compat/win32/poll.c
similarity index 98%
rename from compat/win32/sys/poll.c
rename to compat/win32/poll.c
index 708a6c9..403eaa7 100644
--- a/compat/win32/sys/poll.c
+++ b/compat/win32/poll.c
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 /* Emulation for poll(2)
    Contributed by Paolo Bonzini.
 
-   Copyright 2001-2003, 2006-2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   Copyright 2001-2003, 2006-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 
    This file is part of gnulib.
 
@@ -27,7 +27,10 @@
 #include <malloc.h>
 
 #include <sys/types.h>
-#include "poll.h"
+
+/* Specification.  */
+#include <poll.h>
+
 #include <errno.h>
 #include <limits.h>
 #include <assert.h>
@@ -314,10 +317,7 @@
 #endif /* !MinGW */
 
 int
-poll (pfd, nfd, timeout)
-     struct pollfd *pfd;
-     nfds_t nfd;
-     int timeout;
+poll (struct pollfd *pfd, nfds_t nfd, int timeout)
 {
 #ifndef WIN32_NATIVE
   fd_set rfds, wfds, efds;
@@ -454,6 +454,7 @@
   if (!hEvent)
     hEvent = CreateEvent (NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
 
+restart:
   handle_array[0] = hEvent;
   nhandles = 1;
   FD_ZERO (&rfds);
@@ -594,6 +595,12 @@
 	rc++;
     }
 
+  if (!rc && timeout == INFTIM)
+    {
+      SwitchToThread();
+      goto restart;
+    }
+
   return rc;
 #endif
 }
diff --git a/compat/win32/sys/poll.h b/compat/win32/poll.h
similarity index 100%
rename from compat/win32/sys/poll.h
rename to compat/win32/poll.h
diff --git a/compat/win32/syslog.c b/compat/win32/syslog.c
index 42b95a9..d015e43 100644
--- a/compat/win32/syslog.c
+++ b/compat/win32/syslog.c
@@ -1,5 +1,4 @@
 #include "../../git-compat-util.h"
-#include "../../strbuf.h"
 
 static HANDLE ms_eventlog;
 
@@ -16,13 +15,8 @@
 
 void syslog(int priority, const char *fmt, ...)
 {
-	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
-	struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry dict[] = {
-		{"1", "% 1"},
-		{NULL, NULL}
-	};
 	WORD logtype;
-	char *str;
+	char *str, *pos;
 	int str_len;
 	va_list ap;
 
@@ -39,11 +33,24 @@
 	}
 
 	str = malloc(str_len + 1);
+	if (!str) {
+		warning("malloc failed: '%s'", strerror(errno));
+		return;
+	}
+
 	va_start(ap, fmt);
 	vsnprintf(str, str_len + 1, fmt, ap);
 	va_end(ap);
-	strbuf_expand(&sb, str, strbuf_expand_dict_cb, &dict);
-	free(str);
+
+	while ((pos = strstr(str, "%1")) != NULL) {
+		str = realloc(str, ++str_len + 1);
+		if (!str) {
+			warning("realloc failed: '%s'", strerror(errno));
+			return;
+		}
+		memmove(pos + 2, pos + 1, strlen(pos));
+		pos[1] = ' ';
+	}
 
 	switch (priority) {
 	case LOG_EMERG:
@@ -66,7 +73,6 @@
 	}
 
 	ReportEventA(ms_eventlog, logtype, 0, 0, NULL, 1, 0,
-	    (const char **)&sb.buf, NULL);
-
-	strbuf_release(&sb);
+	    (const char **)&str, NULL);
+	free(str);
 }
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index d3bcaa0..5ea101f 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -333,7 +333,7 @@
 	die("bad config file line %d in %s", cf->linenr, cf->name);
 }
 
-static int parse_unit_factor(const char *end, unsigned long *val)
+static int parse_unit_factor(const char *end, uintmax_t *val)
 {
 	if (!*end)
 		return 1;
@@ -356,11 +356,23 @@
 {
 	if (value && *value) {
 		char *end;
-		long val = strtol(value, &end, 0);
-		unsigned long factor = 1;
+		intmax_t val;
+		uintmax_t uval;
+		uintmax_t factor = 1;
+
+		errno = 0;
+		val = strtoimax(value, &end, 0);
+		if (errno == ERANGE)
+			return 0;
 		if (!parse_unit_factor(end, &factor))
 			return 0;
-		*ret = val * factor;
+		uval = abs(val);
+		uval *= factor;
+		if ((uval > maximum_signed_value_of_type(long)) ||
+		    (abs(val) > uval))
+			return 0;
+		val *= factor;
+		*ret = val;
 		return 1;
 	}
 	return 0;
@@ -370,9 +382,19 @@
 {
 	if (value && *value) {
 		char *end;
-		unsigned long val = strtoul(value, &end, 0);
+		uintmax_t val;
+		uintmax_t oldval;
+
+		errno = 0;
+		val = strtoumax(value, &end, 0);
+		if (errno == ERANGE)
+			return 0;
+		oldval = val;
 		if (!parse_unit_factor(end, &val))
 			return 0;
+		if ((val > maximum_unsigned_value_of_type(long)) ||
+		    (oldval > val))
+			return 0;
 		*ret = val;
 		return 1;
 	}
@@ -553,7 +575,7 @@
 
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.packedgitwindowsize")) {
 		int pgsz_x2 = getpagesize() * 2;
-		packed_git_window_size = git_config_int(var, value);
+		packed_git_window_size = git_config_ulong(var, value);
 
 		/* This value must be multiple of (pagesize * 2) */
 		packed_git_window_size /= pgsz_x2;
@@ -564,18 +586,17 @@
 	}
 
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.bigfilethreshold")) {
-		long n = git_config_int(var, value);
-		big_file_threshold = 0 < n ? n : 0;
+		big_file_threshold = git_config_ulong(var, value);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.packedgitlimit")) {
-		packed_git_limit = git_config_int(var, value);
+		packed_git_limit = git_config_ulong(var, value);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.deltabasecachelimit")) {
-		delta_base_cache_limit = git_config_int(var, value);
+		delta_base_cache_limit = git_config_ulong(var, value);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
@@ -865,12 +886,12 @@
 
 	home = getenv("HOME");
 	if (home) {
-		char *user_config = xstrdup(mkpath("%s/.gitconfig", home));
+		char buf[PATH_MAX];
+		char *user_config = mksnpath(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s/.gitconfig", home);
 		if (!access(user_config, R_OK)) {
 			ret += git_config_from_file(fn, user_config, data);
 			found += 1;
 		}
-		free(user_config);
 	}
 
 	if (repo_config && !access(repo_config, R_OK)) {
@@ -1098,6 +1119,12 @@
 	return offset;
 }
 
+int git_config_set_in_file(const char *config_filename,
+			const char *key, const char *value)
+{
+	return git_config_set_multivar_in_file(config_filename, key, value, NULL, 0);
+}
+
 int git_config_set(const char *key, const char *value)
 {
 	return git_config_set_multivar(key, value, NULL, 0);
@@ -1195,19 +1222,14 @@
  * - the config file is removed and the lock file rename()d to it.
  *
  */
-int git_config_set_multivar(const char *key, const char *value,
-	const char *value_regex, int multi_replace)
+int git_config_set_multivar_in_file(const char *config_filename,
+				const char *key, const char *value,
+				const char *value_regex, int multi_replace)
 {
 	int fd = -1, in_fd;
 	int ret;
-	char *config_filename;
 	struct lock_file *lock = NULL;
 
-	if (config_exclusive_filename)
-		config_filename = xstrdup(config_exclusive_filename);
-	else
-		config_filename = git_pathdup("config");
-
 	/* parse-key returns negative; flip the sign to feed exit(3) */
 	ret = 0 - git_config_parse_key(key, &store.key, &store.baselen);
 	if (ret)
@@ -1384,7 +1406,6 @@
 out_free:
 	if (lock)
 		rollback_lock_file(lock);
-	free(config_filename);
 	return ret;
 
 write_err_out:
@@ -1393,6 +1414,24 @@
 
 }
 
+int git_config_set_multivar(const char *key, const char *value,
+			const char *value_regex, int multi_replace)
+{
+	const char *config_filename;
+	char *buf = NULL;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (config_exclusive_filename)
+		config_filename = config_exclusive_filename;
+	else
+		config_filename = buf = git_pathdup("config");
+
+	ret = git_config_set_multivar_in_file(config_filename, key, value,
+					value_regex, multi_replace);
+	free(buf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int section_name_match (const char *buf, const char *name)
 {
 	int i = 0, j = 0, dot = 0;
diff --git a/connect.c b/connect.c
index ee1d4b4..c8d0ea5 100644
--- a/connect.c
+++ b/connect.c
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
 	len -= 5;
 
 	/* REF_NORMAL means that we don't want the magic fake tag refs */
-	if ((flags & REF_NORMAL) && check_ref_format(name) < 0)
+	if ((flags & REF_NORMAL) && check_refname_format(name, 0))
 		return 0;
 
 	/* REF_HEADS means that we want regular branch heads */
@@ -53,7 +53,6 @@
  * Read all the refs from the other end
  */
 struct ref **get_remote_heads(int in, struct ref **list,
-			      int nr_match, char **match,
 			      unsigned int flags,
 			      struct extra_have_objects *extra_have)
 {
@@ -92,8 +91,6 @@
 
 		if (!check_ref(name, name_len, flags))
 			continue;
-		if (nr_match && !path_match(name, nr_match, match))
-			continue;
 		ref = alloc_ref(buffer + 41);
 		hashcpy(ref->old_sha1, old_sha1);
 		*list = ref;
@@ -108,27 +105,6 @@
 		strstr(server_capabilities, feature) != NULL;
 }
 
-int path_match(const char *path, int nr, char **match)
-{
-	int i;
-	int pathlen = strlen(path);
-
-	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
-		char *s = match[i];
-		int len = strlen(s);
-
-		if (!len || len > pathlen)
-			continue;
-		if (memcmp(path + pathlen - len, s, len))
-			continue;
-		if (pathlen > len && path[pathlen - len - 1] != '/')
-			continue;
-		*s = 0;
-		return (i + 1);
-	}
-	return 0;
-}
-
 enum protocol {
 	PROTO_LOCAL = 1,
 	PROTO_SSH,
@@ -175,6 +151,15 @@
 	}
 }
 
+static void enable_keepalive(int sockfd)
+{
+	int ka = 1;
+
+	if (setsockopt(sockfd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_KEEPALIVE, &ka, sizeof(ka)) < 0)
+		fprintf(stderr, "unable to set SO_KEEPALIVE on socket: %s\n",
+			strerror(errno));
+}
+
 #ifndef NO_IPV6
 
 static const char *ai_name(const struct addrinfo *ai)
@@ -239,6 +224,8 @@
 	if (sockfd < 0)
 		die("unable to connect to %s:\n%s", host, error_message.buf);
 
+	enable_keepalive(sockfd);
+
 	if (flags & CONNECT_VERBOSE)
 		fprintf(stderr, "done.\n");
 
@@ -312,6 +299,8 @@
 	if (sockfd < 0)
 		die("unable to connect to %s:\n%s", host, error_message.buf);
 
+	enable_keepalive(sockfd);
+
 	if (flags & CONNECT_VERBOSE)
 		fprintf(stderr, "done.\n");
 
diff --git a/connected.c b/connected.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d762423
--- /dev/null
+++ b/connected.c
@@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "run-command.h"
+#include "sigchain.h"
+#include "connected.h"
+
+/*
+ * If we feed all the commits we want to verify to this command
+ *
+ *  $ git rev-list --verify-objects --stdin --not --all
+ *
+ * and if it does not error out, that means everything reachable from
+ * these commits locally exists and is connected to some of our
+ * existing refs.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if everything is connected, non-zero otherwise.
+ */
+int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn fn, int quiet, void *cb_data)
+{
+	struct child_process rev_list;
+	const char *argv[] = {"rev-list", "--verify-objects",
+			      "--stdin", "--not", "--all", NULL, NULL};
+	char commit[41];
+	unsigned char sha1[20];
+	int err = 0;
+
+	if (fn(cb_data, sha1))
+		return err;
+
+	if (quiet)
+		argv[5] = "--quiet";
+
+	memset(&rev_list, 0, sizeof(rev_list));
+	rev_list.argv = argv;
+	rev_list.git_cmd = 1;
+	rev_list.in = -1;
+	rev_list.no_stdout = 1;
+	rev_list.no_stderr = quiet;
+	if (start_command(&rev_list))
+		return error(_("Could not run 'git rev-list'"));
+
+	sigchain_push(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
+
+	commit[40] = '\n';
+	do {
+		memcpy(commit, sha1_to_hex(sha1), 40);
+		if (write_in_full(rev_list.in, commit, 41) < 0) {
+			if (errno != EPIPE && errno != EINVAL)
+				error(_("failed write to rev-list: %s"),
+				      strerror(errno));
+			err = -1;
+			break;
+		}
+	} while (!fn(cb_data, sha1));
+
+	if (close(rev_list.in)) {
+		error(_("failed to close rev-list's stdin: %s"), strerror(errno));
+		err = -1;
+	}
+
+	sigchain_pop(SIGPIPE);
+	return finish_command(&rev_list) || err;
+}
diff --git a/connected.h b/connected.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7e4585a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/connected.h
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+#ifndef CONNECTED_H
+#define CONNECTED_H
+
+/*
+ * Take callback data, and return next object name in the buffer.
+ * When called after returning the name for the last object, return -1
+ * to signal EOF, otherwise return 0.
+ */
+typedef int (*sha1_iterate_fn)(void *, unsigned char [20]);
+
+/*
+ * Make sure that our object store has all the commits necessary to
+ * connect the ancestry chain to some of our existing refs, and all
+ * the trees and blobs that these commits use.
+ *
+ * Return 0 if Ok, non zero otherwise (i.e. some missing objects)
+ */
+extern int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn, int quiet, void *cb_data);
+
+#endif /* CONNECTED_H */
diff --git a/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash b/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
index 8648a36..b7c1edf 100755
--- a/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
+++ b/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
@@ -110,6 +110,7 @@
 	local upstream=git legacy="" verbose=""
 
 	# get some config options from git-config
+	local output="$(git config -z --get-regexp '^(svn-remote\..*\.url|bash\.showupstream)$' 2>/dev/null | tr '\0\n' '\n ')"
 	while read key value; do
 		case "$key" in
 		bash.showupstream)
@@ -125,7 +126,7 @@
 			upstream=svn+git # default upstream is SVN if available, else git
 			;;
 		esac
-	done < <(git config -z --get-regexp '^(svn-remote\..*\.url|bash\.showupstream)$' 2>/dev/null | tr '\0\n' '\n ')
+	done <<< "$output"
 
 	# parse configuration values
 	for option in ${GIT_PS1_SHOWUPSTREAM}; do
@@ -1259,12 +1260,9 @@
 			" "" "${cur##--cleanup=}"
 		return
 		;;
-	--reuse-message=*)
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "" "${cur##--reuse-message=}"
-		return
-		;;
-	--reedit-message=*)
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "" "${cur##--reedit-message=}"
+	--reuse-message=*|--reedit-message=*|\
+	--fixup=*|--squash=*)
+		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "" "${cur#*=}"
 		return
 		;;
 	--untracked-files=*)
@@ -1278,7 +1276,7 @@
 			--dry-run --reuse-message= --reedit-message=
 			--reset-author --file= --message= --template=
 			--cleanup= --untracked-files --untracked-files=
-			--verbose --quiet
+			--verbose --quiet --fixup= --squash=
 			"
 		return
 	esac
@@ -1432,6 +1430,10 @@
 	_gitk
 }
 
+__git_match_ctag() {
+	awk "/^${1////\\/}/ { print \$1 }" "$2"
+}
+
 _git_grep ()
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
@@ -1454,6 +1456,15 @@
 		;;
 	esac
 
+	case "$cword,$prev" in
+	2,*|*,-*)
+		if test -r tags; then
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_match_ctag "$cur" tags)"
+			return
+		fi
+		;;
+	esac
+
 	__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)"
 }
 
@@ -1556,14 +1567,9 @@
 		merge="--merge"
 	fi
 	case "$cur" in
-	--pretty=*)
+	--pretty=*|--format=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_log_pretty_formats $(__git_pretty_aliases)
-			" "" "${cur##--pretty=}"
-		return
-		;;
-	--format=*)
-		__gitcomp "$__git_log_pretty_formats $(__git_pretty_aliases)
-			" "" "${cur##--format=}"
+			" "" "${cur#*=}"
 		return
 		;;
 	--date=*)
@@ -1671,11 +1677,9 @@
 			;;
 		esac
 		;;
-	add,--reuse-message=*|append,--reuse-message=*)
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "" "${cur##--reuse-message=}"
-		;;
+	add,--reuse-message=*|append,--reuse-message=*|\
 	add,--reedit-message=*|append,--reedit-message=*)
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "" "${cur##--reedit-message=}"
+		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "" "${cur#*=}"
 		;;
 	add,--*|append,--*)
 		__gitcomp '--file= --message= --reedit-message=
@@ -1733,7 +1737,7 @@
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
 			--all --mirror --tags --dry-run --force --verbose
-			--receive-pack= --repo=
+			--receive-pack= --repo= --set-upstream
 		"
 		return
 		;;
@@ -2370,14 +2374,9 @@
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
 	case "$cur" in
-	--pretty=*)
+	--pretty=*|--format=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_log_pretty_formats $(__git_pretty_aliases)
-			" "" "${cur##--pretty=}"
-		return
-		;;
-	--format=*)
-		__gitcomp "$__git_log_pretty_formats $(__git_pretty_aliases)
-			" "" "${cur##--format=}"
+			" "" "${cur#*=}"
 		return
 		;;
 	--*)
diff --git a/contrib/diff-highlight/README b/contrib/diff-highlight/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1b7b6df
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/diff-highlight/README
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
+diff-highlight
+==============
+
+Line oriented diffs are great for reviewing code, because for most
+hunks, you want to see the old and the new segments of code next to each
+other. Sometimes, though, when an old line and a new line are very
+similar, it's hard to immediately see the difference.
+
+You can use "--color-words" to highlight only the changed portions of
+lines. However, this can often be hard to read for code, as it loses
+the line structure, and you end up with oddly formatted bits.
+
+Instead, this script post-processes the line-oriented diff, finds pairs
+of lines, and highlights the differing segments.  It's currently very
+simple and stupid about doing these tasks. In particular:
+
+  1. It will only highlight a pair of lines if they are the only two
+     lines in a hunk.  It could instead try to match up "before" and
+     "after" lines for a given hunk into pairs of similar lines.
+     However, this may end up visually distracting, as the paired
+     lines would have other highlighted lines in between them. And in
+     practice, the lines which most need attention called to their
+     small, hard-to-see changes are touching only a single line.
+
+  2. It will find the common prefix and suffix of two lines, and
+     consider everything in the middle to be "different". It could
+     instead do a real diff of the characters between the two lines and
+     find common subsequences. However, the point of the highlight is to
+     call attention to a certain area. Even if some small subset of the
+     highlighted area actually didn't change, that's OK. In practice it
+     ends up being more readable to just have a single blob on the line
+     showing the interesting bit.
+
+The goal of the script is therefore not to be exact about highlighting
+changes, but to call attention to areas of interest without being
+visually distracting.  Non-diff lines and existing diff coloration is
+preserved; the intent is that the output should look exactly the same as
+the input, except for the occasional highlight.
+
+Use
+---
+
+You can try out the diff-highlight program with:
+
+---------------------------------------------
+git log -p --color | /path/to/diff-highlight
+---------------------------------------------
+
+If you want to use it all the time, drop it in your $PATH and put the
+following in your git configuration:
+
+---------------------------------------------
+[pager]
+	log = diff-highlight | less
+	show = diff-highlight | less
+	diff = diff-highlight | less
+---------------------------------------------
diff --git a/contrib/diff-highlight/diff-highlight b/contrib/diff-highlight/diff-highlight
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..d893898
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/diff-highlight/diff-highlight
@@ -0,0 +1,124 @@
+#!/usr/bin/perl
+
+# Highlight by reversing foreground and background. You could do
+# other things like bold or underline if you prefer.
+my $HIGHLIGHT   = "\x1b[7m";
+my $UNHIGHLIGHT = "\x1b[27m";
+my $COLOR = qr/\x1b\[[0-9;]*m/;
+
+my @window;
+
+while (<>) {
+	# We highlight only single-line changes, so we need
+	# a 4-line window to make a decision on whether
+	# to highlight.
+	push @window, $_;
+	next if @window < 4;
+	if ($window[0] =~ /^$COLOR*(\@| )/ &&
+	    $window[1] =~ /^$COLOR*-/ &&
+	    $window[2] =~ /^$COLOR*\+/ &&
+	    $window[3] !~ /^$COLOR*\+/) {
+		print shift @window;
+		show_pair(shift @window, shift @window);
+	}
+	else {
+		print shift @window;
+	}
+
+	# Most of the time there is enough output to keep things streaming,
+	# but for something like "git log -Sfoo", you can get one early
+	# commit and then many seconds of nothing. We want to show
+	# that one commit as soon as possible.
+	#
+	# Since we can receive arbitrary input, there's no optimal
+	# place to flush. Flushing on a blank line is a heuristic that
+	# happens to match git-log output.
+	if (!length) {
+		local $| = 1;
+	}
+}
+
+# Special case a single-line hunk at the end of file.
+if (@window == 3 &&
+    $window[0] =~ /^$COLOR*(\@| )/ &&
+    $window[1] =~ /^$COLOR*-/ &&
+    $window[2] =~ /^$COLOR*\+/) {
+	print shift @window;
+	show_pair(shift @window, shift @window);
+}
+
+# And then flush any remaining lines.
+while (@window) {
+	print shift @window;
+}
+
+exit 0;
+
+sub show_pair {
+	my @a = split_line(shift);
+	my @b = split_line(shift);
+
+	# Find common prefix, taking care to skip any ansi
+	# color codes.
+	my $seen_plusminus;
+	my ($pa, $pb) = (0, 0);
+	while ($pa < @a && $pb < @b) {
+		if ($a[$pa] =~ /$COLOR/) {
+			$pa++;
+		}
+		elsif ($b[$pb] =~ /$COLOR/) {
+			$pb++;
+		}
+		elsif ($a[$pa] eq $b[$pb]) {
+			$pa++;
+			$pb++;
+		}
+		elsif (!$seen_plusminus && $a[$pa] eq '-' && $b[$pb] eq '+') {
+			$seen_plusminus = 1;
+			$pa++;
+			$pb++;
+		}
+		else {
+			last;
+		}
+	}
+
+	# Find common suffix, ignoring colors.
+	my ($sa, $sb) = ($#a, $#b);
+	while ($sa >= $pa && $sb >= $pb) {
+		if ($a[$sa] =~ /$COLOR/) {
+			$sa--;
+		}
+		elsif ($b[$sb] =~ /$COLOR/) {
+			$sb--;
+		}
+		elsif ($a[$sa] eq $b[$sb]) {
+			$sa--;
+			$sb--;
+		}
+		else {
+			last;
+		}
+	}
+
+	print highlight(\@a, $pa, $sa);
+	print highlight(\@b, $pb, $sb);
+}
+
+sub split_line {
+	local $_ = shift;
+	return map { /$COLOR/ ? $_ : (split //) }
+	       split /($COLOR*)/;
+}
+
+sub highlight {
+	my ($line, $prefix, $suffix) = @_;
+
+	return join('',
+		@{$line}[0..($prefix-1)],
+		$HIGHLIGHT,
+		@{$line}[$prefix..$suffix],
+		$UNHIGHLIGHT,
+		@{$line}[($suffix+1)..$#$line]
+	);
+}
diff --git a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4 b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4
index 2f7b270..b975d67 100755
--- a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4
+++ b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4
@@ -22,36 +22,39 @@
     location. It means that hooking into the environment, or other configuration
     can be done more easily.
     """
-    real_cmd = "%s " % "p4"
+    real_cmd = ["p4"]
 
     user = gitConfig("git-p4.user")
     if len(user) > 0:
-        real_cmd += "-u %s " % user
+        real_cmd += ["-u",user]
 
     password = gitConfig("git-p4.password")
     if len(password) > 0:
-        real_cmd += "-P %s " % password
+        real_cmd += ["-P", password]
 
     port = gitConfig("git-p4.port")
     if len(port) > 0:
-        real_cmd += "-p %s " % port
+        real_cmd += ["-p", port]
 
     host = gitConfig("git-p4.host")
     if len(host) > 0:
-        real_cmd += "-h %s " % host
+        real_cmd += ["-h", host]
 
     client = gitConfig("git-p4.client")
     if len(client) > 0:
-        real_cmd += "-c %s " % client
+        real_cmd += ["-c", client]
 
-    real_cmd += "%s" % (cmd)
-    if verbose:
-        print real_cmd
+
+    if isinstance(cmd,basestring):
+        real_cmd = ' '.join(real_cmd) + ' ' + cmd
+    else:
+        real_cmd += cmd
     return real_cmd
 
 def chdir(dir):
-    if os.name == 'nt':
-        os.environ['PWD']=dir
+    # P4 uses the PWD environment variable rather than getcwd(). Since we're
+    # not using the shell, we have to set it ourselves.
+    os.environ['PWD']=dir
     os.chdir(dir)
 
 def die(msg):
@@ -61,29 +64,34 @@
         sys.stderr.write(msg + "\n")
         sys.exit(1)
 
-def write_pipe(c, str):
+def write_pipe(c, stdin):
     if verbose:
-        sys.stderr.write('Writing pipe: %s\n' % c)
+        sys.stderr.write('Writing pipe: %s\n' % str(c))
 
-    pipe = os.popen(c, 'w')
-    val = pipe.write(str)
-    if pipe.close():
-        die('Command failed: %s' % c)
+    expand = isinstance(c,basestring)
+    p = subprocess.Popen(c, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, shell=expand)
+    pipe = p.stdin
+    val = pipe.write(stdin)
+    pipe.close()
+    if p.wait():
+        die('Command failed: %s' % str(c))
 
     return val
 
-def p4_write_pipe(c, str):
+def p4_write_pipe(c, stdin):
     real_cmd = p4_build_cmd(c)
-    return write_pipe(real_cmd, str)
+    return write_pipe(real_cmd, stdin)
 
 def read_pipe(c, ignore_error=False):
     if verbose:
-        sys.stderr.write('Reading pipe: %s\n' % c)
+        sys.stderr.write('Reading pipe: %s\n' % str(c))
 
-    pipe = os.popen(c, 'rb')
+    expand = isinstance(c,basestring)
+    p = subprocess.Popen(c, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, shell=expand)
+    pipe = p.stdout
     val = pipe.read()
-    if pipe.close() and not ignore_error:
-        die('Command failed: %s' % c)
+    if p.wait() and not ignore_error:
+        die('Command failed: %s' % str(c))
 
     return val
 
@@ -93,12 +101,14 @@
 
 def read_pipe_lines(c):
     if verbose:
-        sys.stderr.write('Reading pipe: %s\n' % c)
-    ## todo: check return status
-    pipe = os.popen(c, 'rb')
+        sys.stderr.write('Reading pipe: %s\n' % str(c))
+
+    expand = isinstance(c, basestring)
+    p = subprocess.Popen(c, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, shell=expand)
+    pipe = p.stdout
     val = pipe.readlines()
-    if pipe.close():
-        die('Command failed: %s' % c)
+    if pipe.close() or p.wait():
+        die('Command failed: %s' % str(c))
 
     return val
 
@@ -108,23 +118,73 @@
     return read_pipe_lines(real_cmd)
 
 def system(cmd):
+    expand = isinstance(cmd,basestring)
     if verbose:
-        sys.stderr.write("executing %s\n" % cmd)
-    if os.system(cmd) != 0:
-        die("command failed: %s" % cmd)
+        sys.stderr.write("executing %s\n" % str(cmd))
+    subprocess.check_call(cmd, shell=expand)
 
 def p4_system(cmd):
     """Specifically invoke p4 as the system command. """
     real_cmd = p4_build_cmd(cmd)
-    return system(real_cmd)
+    expand = isinstance(real_cmd, basestring)
+    subprocess.check_call(real_cmd, shell=expand)
 
-def isP4Exec(kind):
-    """Determine if a Perforce 'kind' should have execute permission
+def p4_integrate(src, dest):
+    p4_system(["integrate", "-Dt", src, dest])
 
-    'p4 help filetypes' gives a list of the types.  If it starts with 'x',
-    or x follows one of a few letters.  Otherwise, if there is an 'x' after
-    a plus sign, it is also executable"""
-    return (re.search(r"(^[cku]?x)|\+.*x", kind) != None)
+def p4_sync(path):
+    p4_system(["sync", path])
+
+def p4_add(f):
+    p4_system(["add", f])
+
+def p4_delete(f):
+    p4_system(["delete", f])
+
+def p4_edit(f):
+    p4_system(["edit", f])
+
+def p4_revert(f):
+    p4_system(["revert", f])
+
+def p4_reopen(type, file):
+    p4_system(["reopen", "-t", type, file])
+
+#
+# Canonicalize the p4 type and return a tuple of the
+# base type, plus any modifiers.  See "p4 help filetypes"
+# for a list and explanation.
+#
+def split_p4_type(p4type):
+
+    p4_filetypes_historical = {
+        "ctempobj": "binary+Sw",
+        "ctext": "text+C",
+        "cxtext": "text+Cx",
+        "ktext": "text+k",
+        "kxtext": "text+kx",
+        "ltext": "text+F",
+        "tempobj": "binary+FSw",
+        "ubinary": "binary+F",
+        "uresource": "resource+F",
+        "uxbinary": "binary+Fx",
+        "xbinary": "binary+x",
+        "xltext": "text+Fx",
+        "xtempobj": "binary+Swx",
+        "xtext": "text+x",
+        "xunicode": "unicode+x",
+        "xutf16": "utf16+x",
+    }
+    if p4type in p4_filetypes_historical:
+        p4type = p4_filetypes_historical[p4type]
+    mods = ""
+    s = p4type.split("+")
+    base = s[0]
+    mods = ""
+    if len(s) > 1:
+        mods = s[1]
+    return (base, mods)
+
 
 def setP4ExecBit(file, mode):
     # Reopens an already open file and changes the execute bit to match
@@ -139,12 +199,12 @@
         if p4Type[-1] == "+":
             p4Type = p4Type[0:-1]
 
-    p4_system("reopen -t %s %s" % (p4Type, file))
+    p4_reopen(p4Type, file)
 
 def getP4OpenedType(file):
     # Returns the perforce file type for the given file.
 
-    result = p4_read_pipe("opened %s" % file)
+    result = p4_read_pipe(["opened", file])
     match = re.match(".*\((.+)\)\r?$", result)
     if match:
         return match.group(1)
@@ -200,9 +260,17 @@
     return isModeExec(src_mode) != isModeExec(dst_mode)
 
 def p4CmdList(cmd, stdin=None, stdin_mode='w+b', cb=None):
-    cmd = p4_build_cmd("-G %s" % (cmd))
+
+    if isinstance(cmd,basestring):
+        cmd = "-G " + cmd
+        expand = True
+    else:
+        cmd = ["-G"] + cmd
+        expand = False
+
+    cmd = p4_build_cmd(cmd)
     if verbose:
-        sys.stderr.write("Opening pipe: %s\n" % cmd)
+        sys.stderr.write("Opening pipe: %s\n" % str(cmd))
 
     # Use a temporary file to avoid deadlocks without
     # subprocess.communicate(), which would put another copy
@@ -210,11 +278,16 @@
     stdin_file = None
     if stdin is not None:
         stdin_file = tempfile.TemporaryFile(prefix='p4-stdin', mode=stdin_mode)
-        stdin_file.write(stdin)
+        if isinstance(stdin,basestring):
+            stdin_file.write(stdin)
+        else:
+            for i in stdin:
+                stdin_file.write(i + '\n')
         stdin_file.flush()
         stdin_file.seek(0)
 
-    p4 = subprocess.Popen(cmd, shell=True,
+    p4 = subprocess.Popen(cmd,
+                          shell=expand,
                           stdin=stdin_file,
                           stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
 
@@ -247,7 +320,7 @@
     if not depotPath.endswith("/"):
         depotPath += "/"
     depotPath = depotPath + "..."
-    outputList = p4CmdList("where %s" % depotPath)
+    outputList = p4CmdList(["where", depotPath])
     output = None
     for entry in outputList:
         if "depotFile" in entry:
@@ -449,8 +522,10 @@
 
 def p4ChangesForPaths(depotPaths, changeRange):
     assert depotPaths
-    output = p4_read_pipe_lines("changes " + ' '.join (["%s...%s" % (p, changeRange)
-                                                        for p in depotPaths]))
+    cmd = ['changes']
+    for p in depotPaths:
+        cmd += ["%s...%s" % (p, changeRange)]
+    output = p4_read_pipe_lines(cmd)
 
     changes = {}
     for line in output:
@@ -533,7 +608,7 @@
 
     def run(self, args):
         j = 0
-        for output in p4CmdList(" ".join(args)):
+        for output in p4CmdList(args):
             print 'Element: %d' % j
             j += 1
             print output
@@ -687,7 +762,7 @@
                 break
         if not client:
             die("could not get client spec")
-        results = p4CmdList("changes -c %s -m 1" % client)
+        results = p4CmdList(["changes", "-c", client, "-m", "1"])
         for r in results:
             if r.has_key('change'):
                 return r['change']
@@ -750,7 +825,7 @@
         # remove lines in the Files section that show changes to files outside the depot path we're committing into
         template = ""
         inFilesSection = False
-        for line in p4_read_pipe_lines("change -o"):
+        for line in p4_read_pipe_lines(['change', '-o']):
             if line.endswith("\r\n"):
                 line = line[:-2] + "\n"
             if inFilesSection:
@@ -807,7 +882,7 @@
             modifier = diff['status']
             path = diff['src']
             if modifier == "M":
-                p4_system("edit \"%s\"" % path)
+                p4_edit(path)
                 if isModeExecChanged(diff['src_mode'], diff['dst_mode']):
                     filesToChangeExecBit[path] = diff['dst_mode']
                 editedFiles.add(path)
@@ -822,21 +897,21 @@
                     filesToAdd.remove(path)
             elif modifier == "C":
                 src, dest = diff['src'], diff['dst']
-                p4_system("integrate -Dt \"%s\" \"%s\"" % (src, dest))
+                p4_integrate(src, dest)
                 if diff['src_sha1'] != diff['dst_sha1']:
-                    p4_system("edit \"%s\"" % (dest))
+                    p4_edit(dest)
                 if isModeExecChanged(diff['src_mode'], diff['dst_mode']):
-                    p4_system("edit \"%s\"" % (dest))
+                    p4_edit(dest)
                     filesToChangeExecBit[dest] = diff['dst_mode']
                 os.unlink(dest)
                 editedFiles.add(dest)
             elif modifier == "R":
                 src, dest = diff['src'], diff['dst']
-                p4_system("integrate -Dt \"%s\" \"%s\"" % (src, dest))
+                p4_integrate(src, dest)
                 if diff['src_sha1'] != diff['dst_sha1']:
-                    p4_system("edit \"%s\"" % (dest))
+                    p4_edit(dest)
                 if isModeExecChanged(diff['src_mode'], diff['dst_mode']):
-                    p4_system("edit \"%s\"" % (dest))
+                    p4_edit(dest)
                     filesToChangeExecBit[dest] = diff['dst_mode']
                 os.unlink(dest)
                 editedFiles.add(dest)
@@ -859,9 +934,9 @@
             if response == "s":
                 print "Skipping! Good luck with the next patches..."
                 for f in editedFiles:
-                    p4_system("revert \"%s\"" % f);
+                    p4_revert(f)
                 for f in filesToAdd:
-                    system("rm %s" %f)
+                    os.remove(f)
                 return
             elif response == "a":
                 os.system(applyPatchCmd)
@@ -882,10 +957,10 @@
         system(applyPatchCmd)
 
         for f in filesToAdd:
-            p4_system("add \"%s\"" % f)
+            p4_add(f)
         for f in filesToDelete:
-            p4_system("revert \"%s\"" % f)
-            p4_system("delete \"%s\"" % f)
+            p4_revert(f)
+            p4_delete(f)
 
         # Set/clear executable bits
         for f in filesToChangeExecBit.keys():
@@ -907,7 +982,7 @@
                 del(os.environ["P4DIFF"])
             diff = ""
             for editedFile in editedFiles:
-                diff += p4_read_pipe("diff -du %r" % editedFile)
+                diff += p4_read_pipe(['diff', '-du', editedFile])
 
             newdiff = ""
             for newFile in filesToAdd:
@@ -959,7 +1034,7 @@
                 submitTemplate = message[:message.index(separatorLine)]
                 if self.isWindows:
                     submitTemplate = submitTemplate.replace("\r\n", "\n")
-                p4_write_pipe("submit -i", submitTemplate)
+                p4_write_pipe(['submit', '-i'], submitTemplate)
 
                 if self.preserveUser:
                     if p4User:
@@ -970,10 +1045,10 @@
 
             else:
                 for f in editedFiles:
-                    p4_system("revert \"%s\"" % f);
+                    p4_revert(f)
                 for f in filesToAdd:
-                    p4_system("revert \"%s\"" % f);
-                    system("rm %s" %f)
+                    p4_revert(f)
+                    os.remove(f)
 
             os.remove(fileName)
         else:
@@ -1026,8 +1101,7 @@
 
         chdir(self.clientPath)
         print "Synchronizing p4 checkout..."
-        p4_system("sync ...")
-
+        p4_sync("...")
         self.check()
 
         commits = []
@@ -1219,38 +1293,66 @@
     # - helper for streamP4Files
 
     def streamOneP4File(self, file, contents):
-        if file["type"] == "apple":
-            print "\nfile %s is a strange apple file that forks. Ignoring" % \
-                file['depotFile']
-            return
-
         relPath = self.stripRepoPath(file['depotFile'], self.branchPrefixes)
         relPath = self.wildcard_decode(relPath)
         if verbose:
             sys.stderr.write("%s\n" % relPath)
 
-        mode = "644"
-        if isP4Exec(file["type"]):
-            mode = "755"
-        elif file["type"] == "symlink":
-            mode = "120000"
-            # p4 print on a symlink contains "target\n", so strip it off
+        (type_base, type_mods) = split_p4_type(file["type"])
+
+        git_mode = "100644"
+        if "x" in type_mods:
+            git_mode = "100755"
+        if type_base == "symlink":
+            git_mode = "120000"
+            # p4 print on a symlink contains "target\n"; remove the newline
             data = ''.join(contents)
             contents = [data[:-1]]
 
-        if self.isWindows and file["type"].endswith("text"):
+        if type_base == "utf16":
+            # p4 delivers different text in the python output to -G
+            # than it does when using "print -o", or normal p4 client
+            # operations.  utf16 is converted to ascii or utf8, perhaps.
+            # But ascii text saved as -t utf16 is completely mangled.
+            # Invoke print -o to get the real contents.
+            text = p4_read_pipe(['print', '-q', '-o', '-', file['depotFile']])
+            contents = [ text ]
+
+        if type_base == "apple":
+            # Apple filetype files will be streamed as a concatenation of
+            # its appledouble header and the contents.  This is useless
+            # on both macs and non-macs.  If using "print -q -o xx", it
+            # will create "xx" with the data, and "%xx" with the header.
+            # This is also not very useful.
+            #
+            # Ideally, someday, this script can learn how to generate
+            # appledouble files directly and import those to git, but
+            # non-mac machines can never find a use for apple filetype.
+            print "\nIgnoring apple filetype file %s" % file['depotFile']
+            return
+
+        # Perhaps windows wants unicode, utf16 newlines translated too;
+        # but this is not doing it.
+        if self.isWindows and type_base == "text":
             mangled = []
             for data in contents:
                 data = data.replace("\r\n", "\n")
                 mangled.append(data)
             contents = mangled
 
-        if file['type'] in ('text+ko', 'unicode+ko', 'binary+ko'):
-            contents = map(lambda text: re.sub(r'(?i)\$(Id|Header):[^$]*\$',r'$\1$', text), contents)
-        elif file['type'] in ('text+k', 'ktext', 'kxtext', 'unicode+k', 'binary+k'):
-            contents = map(lambda text: re.sub(r'\$(Id|Header|Author|Date|DateTime|Change|File|Revision):[^$\n]*\$',r'$\1$', text), contents)
+        # Note that we do not try to de-mangle keywords on utf16 files,
+        # even though in theory somebody may want that.
+        if type_base in ("text", "unicode", "binary"):
+            if "ko" in type_mods:
+                text = ''.join(contents)
+                text = re.sub(r'\$(Id|Header):[^$]*\$', r'$\1$', text)
+                contents = [ text ]
+            elif "k" in type_mods:
+                text = ''.join(contents)
+                text = re.sub(r'\$(Id|Header|Author|Date|DateTime|Change|File|Revision):[^$]*\$', r'$\1$', text)
+                contents = [ text ]
 
-        self.gitStream.write("M %s inline %s\n" % (mode, relPath))
+        self.gitStream.write("M %s inline %s\n" % (git_mode, relPath))
 
         # total length...
         length = 0
@@ -1322,10 +1424,11 @@
             def streamP4FilesCbSelf(entry):
                 self.streamP4FilesCb(entry)
 
-            p4CmdList("-x - print",
-                '\n'.join(['%s#%s' % (f['path'], f['rev'])
-                                                  for f in filesToRead]),
-                cb=streamP4FilesCbSelf)
+            fileArgs = ['%s#%s' % (f['path'], f['rev']) for f in filesToRead]
+
+            p4CmdList(["-x", "-", "print"],
+                      stdin=fileArgs,
+                      cb=streamP4FilesCbSelf)
 
             # do the last chunk
             if self.stream_file.has_key('depotFile'):
@@ -1386,8 +1489,8 @@
             if self.verbose:
                 print "Change %s is labelled %s" % (change, labelDetails)
 
-            files = p4CmdList("files " + ' '.join (["%s...@%s" % (p, change)
-                                                    for p in branchPrefixes]))
+            files = p4CmdList(["files"] + ["%s...@%s" % (p, change)
+                                                    for p in branchPrefixes])
 
             if len(files) == len(labelRevisions):
 
@@ -1435,9 +1538,9 @@
             newestChange = 0
             if self.verbose:
                 print "Querying files for label %s" % label
-            for file in p4CmdList("files "
-                                  +  ' '.join (["%s...@%s" % (p, label)
-                                                for p in self.depotPaths])):
+            for file in p4CmdList(["files"] +
+                                      ["%s...@%s" % (p, label)
+                                          for p in self.depotPaths]):
                 revisions[file["depotFile"]] = file["rev"]
                 change = int(file["change"])
                 if change > newestChange:
@@ -1692,10 +1795,9 @@
         newestRevision = 0
 
         fileCnt = 0
-        for info in p4CmdList("files "
-                              +  ' '.join(["%s...%s"
-                                           % (p, revision)
-                                           for p in self.depotPaths])):
+        fileArgs = ["%s...%s" % (p,revision) for p in self.depotPaths]
+
+        for info in p4CmdList(["files"] + fileArgs):
 
             if 'code' in info and info['code'] == 'error':
                 sys.stderr.write("p4 returned an error: %s\n"
diff --git a/contrib/git-jump/README b/contrib/git-jump/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1cebc32
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/git-jump/README
@@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
+git-jump
+========
+
+Git-jump is a script for helping you jump to "interesting" parts of your
+project in your editor. It works by outputting a set of interesting
+spots in the "quickfix" format, which editors like vim can use as a
+queue of places to visit (this feature is usually used to jump to errors
+produced by a compiler). For example, given a diff like this:
+
+------------------------------------
+diff --git a/foo.c b/foo.c
+index a655540..5a59044 100644
+--- a/foo.c
++++ b/foo.c
+@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
+ int main(void) {
+-  printf("hello word!\n");
++  printf("hello world!\n");
+ }
+-----------------------------------
+
+git-jump will feed this to the editor:
+
+-----------------------------------
+foo.c:2: printf("hello word!\n");
+-----------------------------------
+
+Obviously this trivial case isn't that interesting; you could just open
+`foo.c` yourself. But when you have many changes scattered across a
+project, you can use the editor's support to "jump" from point to point.
+
+Git-jump can generate three types of interesting lists:
+
+  1. The beginning of any diff hunks.
+
+  2. The beginning of any merge conflict markers.
+
+  3. Any grep matches.
+
+
+Using git-jump
+--------------
+
+To use it, just drop git-jump in your PATH, and then invoke it like
+this:
+
+--------------------------------------------------
+# jump to changes not yet staged for commit
+git jump diff
+
+# jump to changes that are staged for commit; you can give
+# arbitrary diff options
+git jump diff --cached
+
+# jump to merge conflicts
+git jump merge
+
+# jump to all instances of foo_bar
+git jump grep foo_bar
+
+# same as above, but case-insensitive; you can give
+# arbitrary grep options
+git jump grep -i foo_bar
+--------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Related Programs
+----------------
+
+You can accomplish some of the same things with individual tools. For
+example, you can use `git mergetool` to start vimdiff on each unmerged
+file. `git jump merge` is for the vim-wielding luddite who just wants to
+jump straight to the conflict text with no fanfare.
+
+As of git v1.7.2, `git grep` knows the `--open-files-in-pager` option,
+which does something similar to `git jump grep`. However, it is limited
+to positioning the cursor to the correct line in only the first file,
+leaving you to locate subsequent hits in that file or other files using
+the editor or pager. By contrast, git-jump provides the editor with a
+complete list of files and line numbers for each match.
+
+
+Limitations
+-----------
+
+This scripts was written and tested with vim. Given that the quickfix
+format is the same as what gcc produces, I expect emacs users have a
+similar feature for iterating through the list, but I know nothing about
+how to activate it.
+
+The shell snippets to generate the quickfix lines will almost certainly
+choke on filenames with exotic characters (like newlines).
diff --git a/contrib/git-jump/git-jump b/contrib/git-jump/git-jump
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..a33674e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/git-jump/git-jump
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+usage() {
+	cat <<\EOF
+usage: git jump <mode> [<args>]
+
+Jump to interesting elements in an editor.
+The <mode> parameter is one of:
+
+diff: elements are diff hunks. Arguments are given to diff.
+
+merge: elements are merge conflicts. Arguments are ignored.
+
+grep: elements are grep hits. Arguments are given to grep.
+EOF
+}
+
+open_editor() {
+	editor=`git var GIT_EDITOR`
+	eval "$editor -q \$1"
+}
+
+mode_diff() {
+	git diff --relative "$@" |
+	perl -ne '
+	if (m{^\+\+\+ b/(.*)}) { $file = $1; next }
+	defined($file) or next;
+	if (m/^@@ .*\+(\d+)/) { $line = $1; next }
+	defined($line) or next;
+	if (/^ /) { $line++; next }
+	if (/^[-+]\s*(.*)/) {
+		print "$file:$line: $1\n";
+		$line = undef;
+	}
+	'
+}
+
+mode_merge() {
+	git ls-files -u |
+	perl -pe 's/^.*?\t//' |
+	sort -u |
+	while IFS= read fn; do
+		grep -Hn '^<<<<<<<' "$fn"
+	done
+}
+
+# Grep -n generates nice quickfix-looking lines by itself,
+# but let's clean up extra whitespace, so they look better if the
+# editor shows them to us in the status bar.
+mode_grep() {
+	git grep -n "$@" |
+	perl -pe '
+	s/[ \t]+/ /g;
+	s/^ *//;
+	'
+}
+
+if test $# -lt 1; then
+	usage >&2
+	exit 1
+fi
+mode=$1; shift
+
+trap 'rm -f "$tmp"' 0 1 2 3 15
+tmp=`mktemp -t git-jump.XXXXXX` || exit 1
+type "mode_$mode" >/dev/null 2>&1 || { usage >&2; exit 1; }
+"mode_$mode" "$@" >"$tmp"
+test -s "$tmp" || exit 0
+open_editor "$tmp"
diff --git a/contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki b/contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..c18bfa1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki
@@ -0,0 +1,827 @@
+#! /usr/bin/perl
+
+# Copyright (C) 2011
+#     Jérémie Nikaes <jeremie.nikaes@ensimag.imag.fr>
+#     Arnaud Lacurie <arnaud.lacurie@ensimag.imag.fr>
+#     Claire Fousse <claire.fousse@ensimag.imag.fr>
+#     David Amouyal <david.amouyal@ensimag.imag.fr>
+#     Matthieu Moy <matthieu.moy@grenoble-inp.fr>
+# License: GPL v2 or later
+
+# Gateway between Git and MediaWiki.
+#   https://github.com/Bibzball/Git-Mediawiki/wiki
+#
+# Known limitations:
+#
+# - Only wiki pages are managed, no support for [[File:...]]
+#   attachments.
+#
+# - Poor performance in the best case: it takes forever to check
+#   whether we're up-to-date (on fetch or push) or to fetch a few
+#   revisions from a large wiki, because we use exclusively a
+#   page-based synchronization. We could switch to a wiki-wide
+#   synchronization when the synchronization involves few revisions
+#   but the wiki is large.
+#
+# - Git renames could be turned into MediaWiki renames (see TODO
+#   below)
+#
+# - login/password support requires the user to write the password
+#   cleartext in a file (see TODO below).
+#
+# - No way to import "one page, and all pages included in it"
+#
+# - Multiple remote MediaWikis have not been very well tested.
+
+use strict;
+use MediaWiki::API;
+use DateTime::Format::ISO8601;
+use encoding 'utf8';
+
+# use encoding 'utf8' doesn't change STDERROR
+# but we're going to output UTF-8 filenames to STDERR
+binmode STDERR, ":utf8";
+
+use URI::Escape;
+use warnings;
+
+# Mediawiki filenames can contain forward slashes. This variable decides by which pattern they should be replaced
+use constant SLASH_REPLACEMENT => "%2F";
+
+# It's not always possible to delete pages (may require some
+# priviledges). Deleted pages are replaced with this content.
+use constant DELETED_CONTENT => "[[Category:Deleted]]\n";
+
+# It's not possible to create empty pages. New empty files in Git are
+# sent with this content instead.
+use constant EMPTY_CONTENT => "<!-- empty page -->\n";
+
+# used to reflect file creation or deletion in diff.
+use constant NULL_SHA1 => "0000000000000000000000000000000000000000";
+
+my $remotename = $ARGV[0];
+my $url = $ARGV[1];
+
+# Accept both space-separated and multiple keys in config file.
+# Spaces should be written as _ anyway because we'll use chomp.
+my @tracked_pages = split(/[ \n]/, run_git("config --get-all remote.". $remotename .".pages"));
+chomp(@tracked_pages);
+
+# Just like @tracked_pages, but for MediaWiki categories.
+my @tracked_categories = split(/[ \n]/, run_git("config --get-all remote.". $remotename .".categories"));
+chomp(@tracked_categories);
+
+my $wiki_login = run_git("config --get remote.". $remotename .".mwLogin");
+# TODO: ideally, this should be able to read from keyboard, but we're
+# inside a remote helper, so our stdin is connect to git, not to a
+# terminal.
+my $wiki_passwd = run_git("config --get remote.". $remotename .".mwPassword");
+my $wiki_domain = run_git("config --get remote.". $remotename .".mwDomain");
+chomp($wiki_login);
+chomp($wiki_passwd);
+chomp($wiki_domain);
+
+# Import only last revisions (both for clone and fetch)
+my $shallow_import = run_git("config --get --bool remote.". $remotename .".shallow");
+chomp($shallow_import);
+$shallow_import = ($shallow_import eq "true");
+
+# Dumb push: don't update notes and mediawiki ref to reflect the last push.
+#
+# Configurable with mediawiki.dumbPush, or per-remote with
+# remote.<remotename>.dumbPush.
+#
+# This means the user will have to re-import the just-pushed
+# revisions. On the other hand, this means that the Git revisions
+# corresponding to MediaWiki revisions are all imported from the wiki,
+# regardless of whether they were initially created in Git or from the
+# web interface, hence all users will get the same history (i.e. if
+# the push from Git to MediaWiki loses some information, everybody
+# will get the history with information lost). If the import is
+# deterministic, this means everybody gets the same sha1 for each
+# MediaWiki revision.
+my $dumb_push = run_git("config --get --bool remote.$remotename.dumbPush");
+unless ($dumb_push) {
+	$dumb_push = run_git("config --get --bool mediawiki.dumbPush");
+}
+chomp($dumb_push);
+$dumb_push = ($dumb_push eq "true");
+
+my $wiki_name = $url;
+$wiki_name =~ s/[^\/]*:\/\///;
+# If URL is like http://user:password@example.com/, we clearly don't
+# want the password in $wiki_name. While we're there, also remove user
+# and '@' sign, to avoid author like MWUser@HTTPUser@host.com
+$wiki_name =~ s/^.*@//;
+
+# Commands parser
+my $entry;
+my @cmd;
+while (<STDIN>) {
+	chomp;
+	@cmd = split(/ /);
+	if (defined($cmd[0])) {
+		# Line not blank
+		if ($cmd[0] eq "capabilities") {
+			die("Too many arguments for capabilities") unless (!defined($cmd[1]));
+			mw_capabilities();
+		} elsif ($cmd[0] eq "list") {
+			die("Too many arguments for list") unless (!defined($cmd[2]));
+			mw_list($cmd[1]);
+		} elsif ($cmd[0] eq "import") {
+			die("Invalid arguments for import") unless ($cmd[1] ne "" && !defined($cmd[2]));
+			mw_import($cmd[1]);
+		} elsif ($cmd[0] eq "option") {
+			die("Too many arguments for option") unless ($cmd[1] ne "" && $cmd[2] ne "" && !defined($cmd[3]));
+			mw_option($cmd[1],$cmd[2]);
+		} elsif ($cmd[0] eq "push") {
+			mw_push($cmd[1]);
+		} else {
+			print STDERR "Unknown command. Aborting...\n";
+			last;
+		}
+	} else {
+		# blank line: we should terminate
+		last;
+	}
+
+	BEGIN { $| = 1 } # flush STDOUT, to make sure the previous
+			 # command is fully processed.
+}
+
+########################## Functions ##############################
+
+# MediaWiki API instance, created lazily.
+my $mediawiki;
+
+sub mw_connect_maybe {
+	if ($mediawiki) {
+	    return;
+	}
+	$mediawiki = MediaWiki::API->new;
+	$mediawiki->{config}->{api_url} = "$url/api.php";
+	if ($wiki_login) {
+		if (!$mediawiki->login({
+			lgname => $wiki_login,
+			lgpassword => $wiki_passwd,
+			lgdomain => $wiki_domain,
+		})) {
+			print STDERR "Failed to log in mediawiki user \"$wiki_login\" on $url\n";
+			print STDERR "(error " .
+			    $mediawiki->{error}->{code} . ': ' .
+			    $mediawiki->{error}->{details} . ")\n";
+			exit 1;
+		} else {
+			print STDERR "Logged in with user \"$wiki_login\".\n";
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+sub get_mw_first_pages {
+	my $some_pages = shift;
+	my @some_pages = @{$some_pages};
+
+	my $pages = shift;
+
+	# pattern 'page1|page2|...' required by the API
+	my $titles = join('|', @some_pages);
+
+	my $mw_pages = $mediawiki->api({
+		action => 'query',
+		titles => $titles,
+	});
+	if (!defined($mw_pages)) {
+		print STDERR "fatal: could not query the list of wiki pages.\n";
+		print STDERR "fatal: '$url' does not appear to be a mediawiki\n";
+		print STDERR "fatal: make sure '$url/api.php' is a valid page.\n";
+		exit 1;
+	}
+	while (my ($id, $page) = each(%{$mw_pages->{query}->{pages}})) {
+		if ($id < 0) {
+			print STDERR "Warning: page $page->{title} not found on wiki\n";
+		} else {
+			$pages->{$page->{title}} = $page;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+sub get_mw_pages {
+	mw_connect_maybe();
+
+	my %pages; # hash on page titles to avoid duplicates
+	my $user_defined;
+	if (@tracked_pages) {
+		$user_defined = 1;
+		# The user provided a list of pages titles, but we
+		# still need to query the API to get the page IDs.
+
+		my @some_pages = @tracked_pages;
+		while (@some_pages) {
+			my $last = 50;
+			if ($#some_pages < $last) {
+				$last = $#some_pages;
+			}
+			my @slice = @some_pages[0..$last];
+			get_mw_first_pages(\@slice, \%pages);
+			@some_pages = @some_pages[51..$#some_pages];
+		}
+	}
+	if (@tracked_categories) {
+		$user_defined = 1;
+		foreach my $category (@tracked_categories) {
+			if (index($category, ':') < 0) {
+				# Mediawiki requires the Category
+				# prefix, but let's not force the user
+				# to specify it.
+				$category = "Category:" . $category;
+			}
+			my $mw_pages = $mediawiki->list( {
+				action => 'query',
+				list => 'categorymembers',
+				cmtitle => $category,
+				cmlimit => 'max' } )
+			    || die $mediawiki->{error}->{code} . ': ' . $mediawiki->{error}->{details};
+			foreach my $page (@{$mw_pages}) {
+				$pages{$page->{title}} = $page;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+	if (!$user_defined) {
+		# No user-provided list, get the list of pages from
+		# the API.
+		my $mw_pages = $mediawiki->list({
+			action => 'query',
+			list => 'allpages',
+			aplimit => 500,
+		});
+		if (!defined($mw_pages)) {
+			print STDERR "fatal: could not get the list of wiki pages.\n";
+			print STDERR "fatal: '$url' does not appear to be a mediawiki\n";
+			print STDERR "fatal: make sure '$url/api.php' is a valid page.\n";
+			exit 1;
+		}
+		foreach my $page (@{$mw_pages}) {
+			$pages{$page->{title}} = $page;
+		}
+	}
+	return values(%pages);
+}
+
+sub run_git {
+	open(my $git, "-|:encoding(UTF-8)", "git " . $_[0]);
+	my $res = do { local $/; <$git> };
+	close($git);
+
+	return $res;
+}
+
+
+sub get_last_local_revision {
+	# Get note regarding last mediawiki revision
+	my $note = run_git("notes --ref=$remotename/mediawiki show refs/mediawiki/$remotename/master 2>/dev/null");
+	my @note_info = split(/ /, $note);
+
+	my $lastrevision_number;
+	if (!(defined($note_info[0]) && $note_info[0] eq "mediawiki_revision:")) {
+		print STDERR "No previous mediawiki revision found";
+		$lastrevision_number = 0;
+	} else {
+		# Notes are formatted : mediawiki_revision: #number
+		$lastrevision_number = $note_info[1];
+		chomp($lastrevision_number);
+		print STDERR "Last local mediawiki revision found is $lastrevision_number";
+	}
+	return $lastrevision_number;
+}
+
+# Remember the timestamp corresponding to a revision id.
+my %basetimestamps;
+
+sub get_last_remote_revision {
+	mw_connect_maybe();
+
+	my @pages = get_mw_pages();
+
+	my $max_rev_num = 0;
+
+	foreach my $page (@pages) {
+		my $id = $page->{pageid};
+
+		my $query = {
+			action => 'query',
+			prop => 'revisions',
+			rvprop => 'ids|timestamp',
+			pageids => $id,
+		};
+
+		my $result = $mediawiki->api($query);
+
+		my $lastrev = pop(@{$result->{query}->{pages}->{$id}->{revisions}});
+
+		$basetimestamps{$lastrev->{revid}} = $lastrev->{timestamp};
+
+		$max_rev_num = ($lastrev->{revid} > $max_rev_num ? $lastrev->{revid} : $max_rev_num);
+	}
+
+	print STDERR "Last remote revision found is $max_rev_num.\n";
+	return $max_rev_num;
+}
+
+# Clean content before sending it to MediaWiki
+sub mediawiki_clean {
+	my $string = shift;
+	my $page_created = shift;
+	# Mediawiki does not allow blank space at the end of a page and ends with a single \n.
+	# This function right trims a string and adds a \n at the end to follow this rule
+	$string =~ s/\s+$//;
+	if ($string eq "" && $page_created) {
+		# Creating empty pages is forbidden.
+		$string = EMPTY_CONTENT;
+	}
+	return $string."\n";
+}
+
+# Filter applied on MediaWiki data before adding them to Git
+sub mediawiki_smudge {
+	my $string = shift;
+	if ($string eq EMPTY_CONTENT) {
+		$string = "";
+	}
+	# This \n is important. This is due to mediawiki's way to handle end of files.
+	return $string."\n";
+}
+
+sub mediawiki_clean_filename {
+	my $filename = shift;
+	$filename =~ s/@{[SLASH_REPLACEMENT]}/\//g;
+	# [, ], |, {, and } are forbidden by MediaWiki, even URL-encoded.
+	# Do a variant of URL-encoding, i.e. looks like URL-encoding,
+	# but with _ added to prevent MediaWiki from thinking this is
+	# an actual special character.
+	$filename =~ s/[\[\]\{\}\|]/sprintf("_%%_%x", ord($&))/ge;
+	# If we use the uri escape before
+	# we should unescape here, before anything
+
+	return $filename;
+}
+
+sub mediawiki_smudge_filename {
+	my $filename = shift;
+	$filename =~ s/\//@{[SLASH_REPLACEMENT]}/g;
+	$filename =~ s/ /_/g;
+	# Decode forbidden characters encoded in mediawiki_clean_filename
+	$filename =~ s/_%_([0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F])/sprintf("%c", hex($1))/ge;
+	return $filename;
+}
+
+sub literal_data {
+	my ($content) = @_;
+	print STDOUT "data ", bytes::length($content), "\n", $content;
+}
+
+sub mw_capabilities {
+	# Revisions are imported to the private namespace
+	# refs/mediawiki/$remotename/ by the helper and fetched into
+	# refs/remotes/$remotename later by fetch.
+	print STDOUT "refspec refs/heads/*:refs/mediawiki/$remotename/*\n";
+	print STDOUT "import\n";
+	print STDOUT "list\n";
+	print STDOUT "push\n";
+	print STDOUT "\n";
+}
+
+sub mw_list {
+	# MediaWiki do not have branches, we consider one branch arbitrarily
+	# called master, and HEAD pointing to it.
+	print STDOUT "? refs/heads/master\n";
+	print STDOUT "\@refs/heads/master HEAD\n";
+	print STDOUT "\n";
+}
+
+sub mw_option {
+	print STDERR "remote-helper command 'option $_[0]' not yet implemented\n";
+	print STDOUT "unsupported\n";
+}
+
+sub fetch_mw_revisions_for_page {
+	my $page = shift;
+	my $id = shift;
+	my $fetch_from = shift;
+	my @page_revs = ();
+	my $query = {
+		action => 'query',
+		prop => 'revisions',
+		rvprop => 'ids',
+		rvdir => 'newer',
+		rvstartid => $fetch_from,
+		rvlimit => 500,
+		pageids => $id,
+	};
+
+	my $revnum = 0;
+	# Get 500 revisions at a time due to the mediawiki api limit
+	while (1) {
+		my $result = $mediawiki->api($query);
+
+		# Parse each of those 500 revisions
+		foreach my $revision (@{$result->{query}->{pages}->{$id}->{revisions}}) {
+			my $page_rev_ids;
+			$page_rev_ids->{pageid} = $page->{pageid};
+			$page_rev_ids->{revid} = $revision->{revid};
+			push(@page_revs, $page_rev_ids);
+			$revnum++;
+		}
+		last unless $result->{'query-continue'};
+		$query->{rvstartid} = $result->{'query-continue'}->{revisions}->{rvstartid};
+	}
+	if ($shallow_import && @page_revs) {
+		print STDERR "  Found 1 revision (shallow import).\n";
+		@page_revs = sort {$b->{revid} <=> $a->{revid}} (@page_revs);
+		return $page_revs[0];
+	}
+	print STDERR "  Found ", $revnum, " revision(s).\n";
+	return @page_revs;
+}
+
+sub fetch_mw_revisions {
+	my $pages = shift; my @pages = @{$pages};
+	my $fetch_from = shift;
+
+	my @revisions = ();
+	my $n = 1;
+	foreach my $page (@pages) {
+		my $id = $page->{pageid};
+
+		print STDERR "page $n/", scalar(@pages), ": ". $page->{title} ."\n";
+		$n++;
+		my @page_revs = fetch_mw_revisions_for_page($page, $id, $fetch_from);
+		@revisions = (@page_revs, @revisions);
+	}
+
+	return ($n, @revisions);
+}
+
+sub import_file_revision {
+	my $commit = shift;
+	my %commit = %{$commit};
+	my $full_import = shift;
+	my $n = shift;
+
+	my $title = $commit{title};
+	my $comment = $commit{comment};
+	my $content = $commit{content};
+	my $author = $commit{author};
+	my $date = $commit{date};
+
+	print STDOUT "commit refs/mediawiki/$remotename/master\n";
+	print STDOUT "mark :$n\n";
+	print STDOUT "committer $author <$author\@$wiki_name> ", $date->epoch, " +0000\n";
+	literal_data($comment);
+
+	# If it's not a clone, we need to know where to start from
+	if (!$full_import && $n == 1) {
+		print STDOUT "from refs/mediawiki/$remotename/master^0\n";
+	}
+	if ($content ne DELETED_CONTENT) {
+		print STDOUT "M 644 inline $title.mw\n";
+		literal_data($content);
+		print STDOUT "\n\n";
+	} else {
+		print STDOUT "D $title.mw\n";
+	}
+
+	# mediawiki revision number in the git note
+	if ($full_import && $n == 1) {
+		print STDOUT "reset refs/notes/$remotename/mediawiki\n";
+	}
+	print STDOUT "commit refs/notes/$remotename/mediawiki\n";
+	print STDOUT "committer $author <$author\@$wiki_name> ", $date->epoch, " +0000\n";
+	literal_data("Note added by git-mediawiki during import");
+	if (!$full_import && $n == 1) {
+		print STDOUT "from refs/notes/$remotename/mediawiki^0\n";
+	}
+	print STDOUT "N inline :$n\n";
+	literal_data("mediawiki_revision: " . $commit{mw_revision});
+	print STDOUT "\n\n";
+}
+
+# parse a sequence of
+# <cmd> <arg1>
+# <cmd> <arg2>
+# \n
+# (like batch sequence of import and sequence of push statements)
+sub get_more_refs {
+	my $cmd = shift;
+	my @refs;
+	while (1) {
+		my $line = <STDIN>;
+		if ($line =~ m/^$cmd (.*)$/) {
+			push(@refs, $1);
+		} elsif ($line eq "\n") {
+			return @refs;
+		} else {
+			die("Invalid command in a '$cmd' batch: ". $_);
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+sub mw_import {
+	# multiple import commands can follow each other.
+	my @refs = (shift, get_more_refs("import"));
+	foreach my $ref (@refs) {
+		mw_import_ref($ref);
+	}
+	print STDOUT "done\n";
+}
+
+sub mw_import_ref {
+	my $ref = shift;
+	# The remote helper will call "import HEAD" and
+	# "import refs/heads/master".
+	# Since HEAD is a symbolic ref to master (by convention,
+	# followed by the output of the command "list" that we gave),
+	# we don't need to do anything in this case.
+	if ($ref eq "HEAD") {
+		return;
+	}
+
+	mw_connect_maybe();
+
+	my @pages = get_mw_pages();
+
+	print STDERR "Searching revisions...\n";
+	my $last_local = get_last_local_revision();
+	my $fetch_from = $last_local + 1;
+	if ($fetch_from == 1) {
+		print STDERR ", fetching from beginning.\n";
+	} else {
+		print STDERR ", fetching from here.\n";
+	}
+	my ($n, @revisions) = fetch_mw_revisions(\@pages, $fetch_from);
+
+	# Creation of the fast-import stream
+	print STDERR "Fetching & writing export data...\n";
+
+	$n = 0;
+	my $last_timestamp = 0; # Placeholer in case $rev->timestamp is undefined
+
+	foreach my $pagerevid (sort {$a->{revid} <=> $b->{revid}} @revisions) {
+		# fetch the content of the pages
+		my $query = {
+			action => 'query',
+			prop => 'revisions',
+			rvprop => 'content|timestamp|comment|user|ids',
+			revids => $pagerevid->{revid},
+		};
+
+		my $result = $mediawiki->api($query);
+
+		my $rev = pop(@{$result->{query}->{pages}->{$pagerevid->{pageid}}->{revisions}});
+
+		$n++;
+
+		my %commit;
+		$commit{author} = $rev->{user} || 'Anonymous';
+		$commit{comment} = $rev->{comment} || '*Empty MediaWiki Message*';
+		$commit{title} = mediawiki_smudge_filename(
+			$result->{query}->{pages}->{$pagerevid->{pageid}}->{title}
+		    );
+		$commit{mw_revision} = $pagerevid->{revid};
+		$commit{content} = mediawiki_smudge($rev->{'*'});
+
+		if (!defined($rev->{timestamp})) {
+			$last_timestamp++;
+		} else {
+			$last_timestamp = $rev->{timestamp};
+		}
+		$commit{date} = DateTime::Format::ISO8601->parse_datetime($last_timestamp);
+
+		print STDERR "$n/", scalar(@revisions), ": Revision #$pagerevid->{revid} of $commit{title}\n";
+
+		import_file_revision(\%commit, ($fetch_from == 1), $n);
+	}
+
+	if ($fetch_from == 1 && $n == 0) {
+		print STDERR "You appear to have cloned an empty MediaWiki.\n";
+		# Something has to be done remote-helper side. If nothing is done, an error is
+		# thrown saying that HEAD is refering to unknown object 0000000000000000000
+		# and the clone fails.
+	}
+}
+
+sub error_non_fast_forward {
+	my $advice = run_git("config --bool advice.pushNonFastForward");
+	chomp($advice);
+	if ($advice ne "false") {
+		# Native git-push would show this after the summary.
+		# We can't ask it to display it cleanly, so print it
+		# ourselves before.
+		print STDERR "To prevent you from losing history, non-fast-forward updates were rejected\n";
+		print STDERR "Merge the remote changes (e.g. 'git pull') before pushing again. See the\n";
+		print STDERR "'Note about fast-forwards' section of 'git push --help' for details.\n";
+	}
+	print STDOUT "error $_[0] \"non-fast-forward\"\n";
+	return 0;
+}
+
+sub mw_push_file {
+	my $diff_info = shift;
+	# $diff_info contains a string in this format:
+	# 100644 100644 <sha1_of_blob_before_commit> <sha1_of_blob_now> <status>
+	my @diff_info_split = split(/[ \t]/, $diff_info);
+
+	# Filename, including .mw extension
+	my $complete_file_name = shift;
+	# Commit message
+	my $summary = shift;
+	# MediaWiki revision number. Keep the previous one by default,
+	# in case there's no edit to perform.
+	my $newrevid = shift;
+
+	my $new_sha1 = $diff_info_split[3];
+	my $old_sha1 = $diff_info_split[2];
+	my $page_created = ($old_sha1 eq NULL_SHA1);
+	my $page_deleted = ($new_sha1 eq NULL_SHA1);
+	$complete_file_name = mediawiki_clean_filename($complete_file_name);
+
+	if (substr($complete_file_name,-3) eq ".mw") {
+		my $title = substr($complete_file_name,0,-3);
+
+		my $file_content;
+		if ($page_deleted) {
+			# Deleting a page usually requires
+			# special priviledges. A common
+			# convention is to replace the page
+			# with this content instead:
+			$file_content = DELETED_CONTENT;
+		} else {
+			$file_content = run_git("cat-file blob $new_sha1");
+		}
+
+		mw_connect_maybe();
+
+		my $result = $mediawiki->edit( {
+			action => 'edit',
+			summary => $summary,
+			title => $title,
+			basetimestamp => $basetimestamps{$newrevid},
+			text => mediawiki_clean($file_content, $page_created),
+				  }, {
+					  skip_encoding => 1 # Helps with names with accentuated characters
+				  });
+		if (!$result) {
+			if ($mediawiki->{error}->{code} == 3) {
+				# edit conflicts, considered as non-fast-forward
+				print STDERR 'Warning: Error ' .
+				    $mediawiki->{error}->{code} .
+				    ' from mediwiki: ' . $mediawiki->{error}->{details} .
+				    ".\n";
+				return ($newrevid, "non-fast-forward");
+			} else {
+				# Other errors. Shouldn't happen => just die()
+				die 'Fatal: Error ' .
+				    $mediawiki->{error}->{code} .
+				    ' from mediwiki: ' . $mediawiki->{error}->{details};
+			}
+		}
+		$newrevid = $result->{edit}->{newrevid};
+		print STDERR "Pushed file: $new_sha1 - $title\n";
+	} else {
+		print STDERR "$complete_file_name not a mediawiki file (Not pushable on this version of git-remote-mediawiki).\n"
+	}
+	return ($newrevid, "ok");
+}
+
+sub mw_push {
+	# multiple push statements can follow each other
+	my @refsspecs = (shift, get_more_refs("push"));
+	my $pushed;
+	for my $refspec (@refsspecs) {
+		my ($force, $local, $remote) = $refspec =~ /^(\+)?([^:]*):([^:]*)$/
+		    or die("Invalid refspec for push. Expected <src>:<dst> or +<src>:<dst>");
+		if ($force) {
+			print STDERR "Warning: forced push not allowed on a MediaWiki.\n";
+		}
+		if ($local eq "") {
+			print STDERR "Cannot delete remote branch on a MediaWiki\n";
+			print STDOUT "error $remote cannot delete\n";
+			next;
+		}
+		if ($remote ne "refs/heads/master") {
+			print STDERR "Only push to the branch 'master' is supported on a MediaWiki\n";
+			print STDOUT "error $remote only master allowed\n";
+			next;
+		}
+		if (mw_push_revision($local, $remote)) {
+			$pushed = 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	# Notify Git that the push is done
+	print STDOUT "\n";
+
+	if ($pushed && $dumb_push) {
+		print STDERR "Just pushed some revisions to MediaWiki.\n";
+		print STDERR "The pushed revisions now have to be re-imported, and your current branch\n";
+		print STDERR "needs to be updated with these re-imported commits. You can do this with\n";
+		print STDERR "\n";
+		print STDERR "  git pull --rebase\n";
+		print STDERR "\n";
+	}
+}
+
+sub mw_push_revision {
+	my $local = shift;
+	my $remote = shift; # actually, this has to be "refs/heads/master" at this point.
+	my $last_local_revid = get_last_local_revision();
+	print STDERR ".\n"; # Finish sentence started by get_last_local_revision()
+	my $last_remote_revid = get_last_remote_revision();
+	my $mw_revision = $last_remote_revid;
+
+	# Get sha1 of commit pointed by local HEAD
+	my $HEAD_sha1 = run_git("rev-parse $local 2>/dev/null"); chomp($HEAD_sha1);
+	# Get sha1 of commit pointed by remotes/$remotename/master
+	my $remoteorigin_sha1 = run_git("rev-parse refs/remotes/$remotename/master 2>/dev/null");
+	chomp($remoteorigin_sha1);
+
+	if ($last_local_revid > 0 &&
+	    $last_local_revid < $last_remote_revid) {
+		return error_non_fast_forward($remote);
+	}
+
+	if ($HEAD_sha1 eq $remoteorigin_sha1) {
+		# nothing to push
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	# Get every commit in between HEAD and refs/remotes/origin/master,
+	# including HEAD and refs/remotes/origin/master
+	my @commit_pairs = ();
+	if ($last_local_revid > 0) {
+		my $parsed_sha1 = $remoteorigin_sha1;
+		# Find a path from last MediaWiki commit to pushed commit
+		while ($parsed_sha1 ne $HEAD_sha1) {
+			my @commit_info =  grep(/^$parsed_sha1/, split(/\n/, run_git("rev-list --children $local")));
+			if (!@commit_info) {
+				return error_non_fast_forward($remote);
+			}
+			my @commit_info_split = split(/ |\n/, $commit_info[0]);
+			# $commit_info_split[1] is the sha1 of the commit to export
+			# $commit_info_split[0] is the sha1 of its direct child
+			push(@commit_pairs, \@commit_info_split);
+			$parsed_sha1 = $commit_info_split[1];
+		}
+	} else {
+		# No remote mediawiki revision. Export the whole
+		# history (linearized with --first-parent)
+		print STDERR "Warning: no common ancestor, pushing complete history\n";
+		my $history = run_git("rev-list --first-parent --children $local");
+		my @history = split('\n', $history);
+		@history = @history[1..$#history];
+		foreach my $line (reverse @history) {
+			my @commit_info_split = split(/ |\n/, $line);
+			push(@commit_pairs, \@commit_info_split);
+		}
+	}
+
+	foreach my $commit_info_split (@commit_pairs) {
+		my $sha1_child = @{$commit_info_split}[0];
+		my $sha1_commit = @{$commit_info_split}[1];
+		my $diff_infos = run_git("diff-tree -r --raw -z $sha1_child $sha1_commit");
+		# TODO: we could detect rename, and encode them with a #redirect on the wiki.
+		# TODO: for now, it's just a delete+add
+		my @diff_info_list = split(/\0/, $diff_infos);
+		# Keep the first line of the commit message as mediawiki comment for the revision
+		my $commit_msg = (split(/\n/, run_git("show --pretty=format:\"%s\" $sha1_commit")))[0];
+		chomp($commit_msg);
+		# Push every blob
+		while (@diff_info_list) {
+			my $status;
+			# git diff-tree -z gives an output like
+			# <metadata>\0<filename1>\0
+			# <metadata>\0<filename2>\0
+			# and we've split on \0.
+			my $info = shift(@diff_info_list);
+			my $file = shift(@diff_info_list);
+			($mw_revision, $status) = mw_push_file($info, $file, $commit_msg, $mw_revision);
+			if ($status eq "non-fast-forward") {
+				# we may already have sent part of the
+				# commit to MediaWiki, but it's too
+				# late to cancel it. Stop the push in
+				# the middle, but still give an
+				# accurate error message.
+				return error_non_fast_forward($remote);
+			}
+			if ($status ne "ok") {
+				die("Unknown error from mw_push_file()");
+			}
+		}
+		unless ($dumb_push) {
+			run_git("notes --ref=$remotename/mediawiki add -m \"mediawiki_revision: $mw_revision\" $sha1_commit");
+			run_git("update-ref -m \"Git-MediaWiki push\" refs/mediawiki/$remotename/master $sha1_commit $sha1_child");
+		}
+	}
+
+	print STDOUT "ok $remote\n";
+	return 1;
+}
diff --git a/contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.txt b/contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4d211f5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+Git-Mediawiki is a project which aims the creation of a gate
+between git and mediawiki, allowing git users to push and pull
+objects from mediawiki just as one would do with a classic git
+repository thanks to remote-helpers.
+
+For more information, visit the wiki at
+https://github.com/Bibzball/Git-Mediawiki/wiki
diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index 3bb5a4d..12868ed 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -641,7 +641,7 @@
 	return 1;
 }
 
-static int git_path_check_crlf(const char *path, struct git_attr_check *check)
+static enum crlf_action git_path_check_crlf(const char *path, struct git_attr_check *check)
 {
 	const char *value = check->value;
 
@@ -658,7 +658,7 @@
 	return CRLF_GUESS;
 }
 
-static int git_path_check_eol(const char *path, struct git_attr_check *check)
+static enum eol git_path_check_eol(const char *path, struct git_attr_check *check)
 {
 	const char *value = check->value;
 
@@ -811,7 +811,7 @@
 		src = dst->buf;
 		len = dst->len;
 	}
-	return ret | convert_to_git(path, src, len, dst, 0);
+	return ret | convert_to_git(path, src, len, dst, SAFE_CRLF_FALSE);
 }
 
 /*****************************************************************
@@ -876,43 +876,109 @@
 /*
  * LF-to-CRLF filter
  */
+
+struct lf_to_crlf_filter {
+	struct stream_filter filter;
+	unsigned has_held:1;
+	char held;
+};
+
 static int lf_to_crlf_filter_fn(struct stream_filter *filter,
 				const char *input, size_t *isize_p,
 				char *output, size_t *osize_p)
 {
-	size_t count;
+	size_t count, o = 0;
+	struct lf_to_crlf_filter *lf_to_crlf = (struct lf_to_crlf_filter *)filter;
 
-	if (!input)
-		return 0; /* we do not keep any states */
+	/*
+	 * We may be holding onto the CR to see if it is followed by a
+	 * LF, in which case we would need to go to the main loop.
+	 * Otherwise, just emit it to the output stream.
+	 */
+	if (lf_to_crlf->has_held && (lf_to_crlf->held != '\r' || !input)) {
+		output[o++] = lf_to_crlf->held;
+		lf_to_crlf->has_held = 0;
+	}
+
+	/* We are told to drain */
+	if (!input) {
+		*osize_p -= o;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	count = *isize_p;
-	if (count) {
-		size_t i, o;
-		for (i = o = 0; o < *osize_p && i < count; i++) {
+	if (count || lf_to_crlf->has_held) {
+		size_t i;
+		int was_cr = 0;
+
+		if (lf_to_crlf->has_held) {
+			was_cr = 1;
+			lf_to_crlf->has_held = 0;
+		}
+
+		for (i = 0; o < *osize_p && i < count; i++) {
 			char ch = input[i];
+
 			if (ch == '\n') {
-				if (o + 1 < *osize_p)
-					output[o++] = '\r';
-				else
-					break;
+				output[o++] = '\r';
+			} else if (was_cr) {
+				/*
+				 * Previous round saw CR and it is not followed
+				 * by a LF; emit the CR before processing the
+				 * current character.
+				 */
+				output[o++] = '\r';
 			}
+
+			/*
+			 * We may have consumed the last output slot,
+			 * in which case we need to break out of this
+			 * loop; hold the current character before
+			 * returning.
+			 */
+			if (*osize_p <= o) {
+				lf_to_crlf->has_held = 1;
+				lf_to_crlf->held = ch;
+				continue; /* break but increment i */
+			}
+
+			if (ch == '\r') {
+				was_cr = 1;
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			was_cr = 0;
 			output[o++] = ch;
 		}
 
 		*osize_p -= o;
 		*isize_p -= i;
+
+		if (!lf_to_crlf->has_held && was_cr) {
+			lf_to_crlf->has_held = 1;
+			lf_to_crlf->held = '\r';
+		}
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static void lf_to_crlf_free_fn(struct stream_filter *filter)
+{
+	free(filter);
+}
+
 static struct stream_filter_vtbl lf_to_crlf_vtbl = {
 	lf_to_crlf_filter_fn,
-	null_free_fn,
+	lf_to_crlf_free_fn,
 };
 
-static struct stream_filter lf_to_crlf_filter_singleton = {
-	&lf_to_crlf_vtbl,
-};
+static struct stream_filter *lf_to_crlf_filter(void)
+{
+	struct lf_to_crlf_filter *lf_to_crlf = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*lf_to_crlf));
 
+	lf_to_crlf->filter.vtbl = &lf_to_crlf_vtbl;
+	return (struct stream_filter *)lf_to_crlf;
+}
 
 /*
  * Cascade filter
@@ -1194,7 +1260,7 @@
 
 	else if (output_eol(crlf_action) == EOL_CRLF &&
 		 !(crlf_action == CRLF_AUTO || crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS))
-		filter = cascade_filter(filter, &lf_to_crlf_filter_singleton);
+		filter = cascade_filter(filter, lf_to_crlf_filter());
 
 	return filter;
 }
diff --git a/daemon.c b/daemon.c
index 4c8346d..fa28300 100644
--- a/daemon.c
+++ b/daemon.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 static int log_syslog;
 static int verbose;
 static int reuseaddr;
+static int informative_errors;
 
 static const char daemon_usage[] =
 "git daemon [--verbose] [--syslog] [--export-all]\n"
@@ -108,11 +109,11 @@
 	exit(1);
 }
 
-static char *path_ok(char *directory)
+static const char *path_ok(char *directory)
 {
 	static char rpath[PATH_MAX];
 	static char interp_path[PATH_MAX];
-	char *path;
+	const char *path;
 	char *dir;
 
 	dir = directory;
@@ -247,6 +248,14 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int daemon_error(const char *dir, const char *msg)
+{
+	if (!informative_errors)
+		msg = "access denied or repository not exported";
+	packet_write(1, "ERR %s: %s", msg, dir);
+	return -1;
+}
+
 static int run_service(char *dir, struct daemon_service *service)
 {
 	const char *path;
@@ -257,11 +266,11 @@
 	if (!enabled && !service->overridable) {
 		logerror("'%s': service not enabled.", service->name);
 		errno = EACCES;
-		return -1;
+		return daemon_error(dir, "service not enabled");
 	}
 
 	if (!(path = path_ok(dir)))
-		return -1;
+		return daemon_error(dir, "no such repository");
 
 	/*
 	 * Security on the cheap.
@@ -277,7 +286,7 @@
 	if (!export_all_trees && access("git-daemon-export-ok", F_OK)) {
 		logerror("'%s': repository not exported.", path);
 		errno = EACCES;
-		return -1;
+		return daemon_error(dir, "repository not exported");
 	}
 
 	if (service->overridable) {
@@ -291,7 +300,7 @@
 		logerror("'%s': service not enabled for '%s'",
 			 service->name, path);
 		errno = EACCES;
-		return -1;
+		return daemon_error(dir, "service not enabled");
 	}
 
 	/*
@@ -734,6 +743,29 @@
 	size_t alloc;
 };
 
+static const char *ip2str(int family, struct sockaddr *sin, socklen_t len)
+{
+#ifdef NO_IPV6
+	static char ip[INET_ADDRSTRLEN];
+#else
+	static char ip[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN];
+#endif
+
+	switch (family) {
+#ifndef NO_IPV6
+	case AF_INET6:
+		inet_ntop(family, &((struct sockaddr_in6*)sin)->sin6_addr, ip, len);
+		break;
+#endif
+	case AF_INET:
+		inet_ntop(family, &((struct sockaddr_in*)sin)->sin_addr, ip, len);
+		break;
+	default:
+		strcpy(ip, "<unknown>");
+	}
+	return ip;
+}
+
 #ifndef NO_IPV6
 
 static int setup_named_sock(char *listen_addr, int listen_port, struct socketlist *socklist)
@@ -780,15 +812,22 @@
 #endif
 
 		if (set_reuse_addr(sockfd)) {
+			logerror("Could not set SO_REUSEADDR: %s", strerror(errno));
 			close(sockfd);
 			continue;
 		}
 
 		if (bind(sockfd, ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen) < 0) {
+			logerror("Could not bind to %s: %s",
+				 ip2str(ai->ai_family, ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen),
+				 strerror(errno));
 			close(sockfd);
 			continue;	/* not fatal */
 		}
 		if (listen(sockfd, 5) < 0) {
+			logerror("Could not listen to %s: %s",
+				 ip2str(ai->ai_family, ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen),
+				 strerror(errno));
 			close(sockfd);
 			continue;	/* not fatal */
 		}
@@ -835,16 +874,23 @@
 		return 0;
 
 	if (set_reuse_addr(sockfd)) {
+		logerror("Could not set SO_REUSEADDR: %s", strerror(errno));
 		close(sockfd);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
 	if ( bind(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof sin) < 0 ) {
+		logerror("Could not listen to %s: %s",
+			 ip2str(AF_INET, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)),
+			 strerror(errno));
 		close(sockfd);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
 	if (listen(sockfd, 5) < 0) {
+		logerror("Could not listen to %s: %s",
+			 ip2str(AF_INET, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)),
+			 strerror(errno));
 		close(sockfd);
 		return 0;
 	}
@@ -1167,6 +1213,14 @@
 			make_service_overridable(arg + 18, 0);
 			continue;
 		}
+		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--informative-errors")) {
+			informative_errors = 1;
+			continue;
+		}
+		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--no-informative-errors")) {
+			informative_errors = 0;
+			continue;
+		}
 		if (!strcmp(arg, "--")) {
 			ok_paths = &argv[i+1];
 			break;
diff --git a/diff.c b/diff.c
index d922b77..374ecf3 100644
--- a/diff.c
+++ b/diff.c
@@ -2169,6 +2169,8 @@
 		xecfg.ctxlen = o->context;
 		xecfg.interhunkctxlen = o->interhunkcontext;
 		xecfg.flags = XDL_EMIT_FUNCNAMES;
+		if (DIFF_OPT_TST(o, FUNCCONTEXT))
+			xecfg.flags |= XDL_EMIT_FUNCCONTEXT;
 		if (pe)
 			xdiff_set_find_func(&xecfg, pe->pattern, pe->cflags);
 		if (!diffopts)
@@ -3536,6 +3538,12 @@
 	else if (opt_arg(arg, '\0', "inter-hunk-context",
 			 &options->interhunkcontext))
 		;
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "-W"))
+		DIFF_OPT_SET(options, FUNCCONTEXT);
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--function-context"))
+		DIFF_OPT_SET(options, FUNCCONTEXT);
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-function-context"))
+		DIFF_OPT_CLR(options, FUNCCONTEXT);
 	else if ((argcount = parse_long_opt("output", av, &optarg))) {
 		options->file = fopen(optarg, "w");
 		if (!options->file)
diff --git a/diff.h b/diff.h
index 8c66b59..0c51724 100644
--- a/diff.h
+++ b/diff.h
@@ -79,6 +79,7 @@
 #define DIFF_OPT_IGNORE_DIRTY_SUBMODULES (1 << 26)
 #define DIFF_OPT_OVERRIDE_SUBMODULE_CONFIG (1 << 27)
 #define DIFF_OPT_DIRSTAT_BY_LINE     (1 << 28)
+#define DIFF_OPT_FUNCCONTEXT         (1 << 29)
 
 #define DIFF_OPT_TST(opts, flag)    ((opts)->flags & DIFF_OPT_##flag)
 #define DIFF_OPT_SET(opts, flag)    ((opts)->flags |= DIFF_OPT_##flag)
diff --git a/diffcore-pickaxe.c b/diffcore-pickaxe.c
index c3760cf..380a837 100644
--- a/diffcore-pickaxe.c
+++ b/diffcore-pickaxe.c
@@ -8,6 +8,46 @@
 #include "xdiff-interface.h"
 #include "kwset.h"
 
+typedef int (*pickaxe_fn)(struct diff_filepair *p, struct diff_options *o, regex_t *regexp, kwset_t kws);
+
+static void pickaxe(struct diff_queue_struct *q, struct diff_options *o,
+		    regex_t *regexp, kwset_t kws, pickaxe_fn fn)
+{
+	int i;
+	struct diff_queue_struct outq;
+
+	DIFF_QUEUE_CLEAR(&outq);
+
+	if (o->pickaxe_opts & DIFF_PICKAXE_ALL) {
+		/* Showing the whole changeset if needle exists */
+		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++) {
+			struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
+			if (fn(p, o, regexp, kws))
+				return; /* do not munge the queue */
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * Otherwise we will clear the whole queue by copying
+		 * the empty outq at the end of this function, but
+		 * first clear the current entries in the queue.
+		 */
+		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++)
+			diff_free_filepair(q->queue[i]);
+	} else {
+		/* Showing only the filepairs that has the needle */
+		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++) {
+			struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
+			if (fn(p, o, regexp, kws))
+				diff_q(&outq, p);
+			else
+				diff_free_filepair(p);
+		}
+	}
+
+	free(q->queue);
+	*q = outq;
+}
+
 struct diffgrep_cb {
 	regex_t *regexp;
 	int hit;
@@ -45,7 +85,8 @@
 	}
 }
 
-static int diff_grep(struct diff_filepair *p, regex_t *regexp, struct diff_options *o)
+static int diff_grep(struct diff_filepair *p, struct diff_options *o,
+		     regex_t *regexp, kwset_t kws)
 {
 	regmatch_t regmatch;
 	struct userdiff_driver *textconv_one = NULL;
@@ -95,12 +136,8 @@
 
 static void diffcore_pickaxe_grep(struct diff_options *o)
 {
-	struct diff_queue_struct *q = &diff_queued_diff;
-	int i, has_changes, err;
+	int err;
 	regex_t regex;
-	struct diff_queue_struct outq;
-	outq.queue = NULL;
-	outq.nr = outq.alloc = 0;
 
 	err = regcomp(&regex, o->pickaxe, REG_EXTENDED | REG_NEWLINE);
 	if (err) {
@@ -110,51 +147,21 @@
 		die("invalid log-grep regex: %s", errbuf);
 	}
 
-	if (o->pickaxe_opts & DIFF_PICKAXE_ALL) {
-		/* Showing the whole changeset if needle exists */
-		for (i = has_changes = 0; !has_changes && i < q->nr; i++) {
-			struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
-			if (diff_grep(p, &regex, o))
-				has_changes++;
-		}
-		if (has_changes)
-			return; /* do not munge the queue */
-
-		/*
-		 * Otherwise we will clear the whole queue by copying
-		 * the empty outq at the end of this function, but
-		 * first clear the current entries in the queue.
-		 */
-		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++)
-			diff_free_filepair(q->queue[i]);
-	} else {
-		/* Showing only the filepairs that has the needle */
-		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++) {
-			struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
-			if (diff_grep(p, &regex, o))
-				diff_q(&outq, p);
-			else
-				diff_free_filepair(p);
-		}
-	}
+	pickaxe(&diff_queued_diff, o, &regex, NULL, diff_grep);
 
 	regfree(&regex);
-
-	free(q->queue);
-	*q = outq;
 	return;
 }
 
-static unsigned int contains(struct diff_filespec *one,
-			     const char *needle, unsigned long len,
+static unsigned int contains(struct diff_filespec *one, struct diff_options *o,
 			     regex_t *regexp, kwset_t kws)
 {
 	unsigned int cnt;
 	unsigned long sz;
 	const char *data;
-	if (diff_populate_filespec(one, 0))
+	if (!o->pickaxe[0])
 		return 0;
-	if (!len)
+	if (diff_populate_filespec(one, 0))
 		return 0;
 
 	sz = one->size;
@@ -176,14 +183,15 @@
 
 	} else { /* Classic exact string match */
 		while (sz) {
-			size_t offset = kwsexec(kws, data, sz, NULL);
+			struct kwsmatch kwsm;
+			size_t offset = kwsexec(kws, data, sz, &kwsm);
 			const char *found;
 			if (offset == -1)
 				break;
 			else
 				found = data + offset;
-			sz -= found - data + len;
-			data = found + len;
+			sz -= found - data + kwsm.size[0];
+			data = found + kwsm.size[0];
 			cnt++;
 		}
 	}
@@ -191,17 +199,31 @@
 	return cnt;
 }
 
+static int has_changes(struct diff_filepair *p, struct diff_options *o,
+		       regex_t *regexp, kwset_t kws)
+{
+	if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->one)) {
+		if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->two))
+			return 0; /* ignore unmerged */
+		/* created */
+		return contains(p->two, o, regexp, kws) != 0;
+	}
+	if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->two))
+		return contains(p->one, o, regexp, kws) != 0;
+	if (!diff_unmodified_pair(p)) {
+		return contains(p->one, o, regexp, kws) !=
+		       contains(p->two, o, regexp, kws);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static void diffcore_pickaxe_count(struct diff_options *o)
 {
 	const char *needle = o->pickaxe;
 	int opts = o->pickaxe_opts;
-	struct diff_queue_struct *q = &diff_queued_diff;
 	unsigned long len = strlen(needle);
-	int i, has_changes;
 	regex_t regex, *regexp = NULL;
 	kwset_t kws = NULL;
-	struct diff_queue_struct outq;
-	DIFF_QUEUE_CLEAR(&outq);
 
 	if (opts & DIFF_PICKAXE_REGEX) {
 		int err;
@@ -220,72 +242,12 @@
 		kwsprep(kws);
 	}
 
-	if (opts & DIFF_PICKAXE_ALL) {
-		/* Showing the whole changeset if needle exists */
-		for (i = has_changes = 0; !has_changes && i < q->nr; i++) {
-			struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
-			if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->one)) {
-				if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->two))
-					continue; /* ignore unmerged */
-				/* created */
-				if (contains(p->two, needle, len, regexp, kws))
-					has_changes++;
-			}
-			else if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->two)) {
-				if (contains(p->one, needle, len, regexp, kws))
-					has_changes++;
-			}
-			else if (!diff_unmodified_pair(p) &&
-				 contains(p->one, needle, len, regexp, kws) !=
-				 contains(p->two, needle, len, regexp, kws))
-				has_changes++;
-		}
-		if (has_changes)
-			return; /* not munge the queue */
-
-		/* otherwise we will clear the whole queue
-		 * by copying the empty outq at the end of this
-		 * function, but first clear the current entries
-		 * in the queue.
-		 */
-		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++)
-			diff_free_filepair(q->queue[i]);
-	}
-	else
-		/* Showing only the filepairs that has the needle */
-		for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++) {
-			struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
-			has_changes = 0;
-			if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->one)) {
-				if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->two))
-					; /* ignore unmerged */
-				/* created */
-				else if (contains(p->two, needle, len, regexp,
-						  kws))
-					has_changes = 1;
-			}
-			else if (!DIFF_FILE_VALID(p->two)) {
-				if (contains(p->one, needle, len, regexp, kws))
-					has_changes = 1;
-			}
-			else if (!diff_unmodified_pair(p) &&
-				 contains(p->one, needle, len, regexp, kws) !=
-				 contains(p->two, needle, len, regexp, kws))
-				has_changes = 1;
-
-			if (has_changes)
-				diff_q(&outq, p);
-			else
-				diff_free_filepair(p);
-		}
+	pickaxe(&diff_queued_diff, o, regexp, kws, has_changes);
 
 	if (opts & DIFF_PICKAXE_REGEX)
 		regfree(&regex);
 	else
 		kwsfree(kws);
-
-	free(q->queue);
-	*q = outq;
 	return;
 }
 
diff --git a/dir.c b/dir.c
index 08281d2..0a78d00 100644
--- a/dir.c
+++ b/dir.c
@@ -34,49 +34,54 @@
 	return fnmatch(pattern, string, flags | (ignore_case ? FNM_CASEFOLD : 0));
 }
 
-static int common_prefix(const char **pathspec)
+static size_t common_prefix_len(const char **pathspec)
 {
-	const char *path, *slash, *next;
-	int prefix;
+	const char *n, *first;
+	size_t max = 0;
 
 	if (!pathspec)
-		return 0;
+		return max;
 
-	path = *pathspec;
-	slash = strrchr(path, '/');
-	if (!slash)
-		return 0;
-
-	/*
-	 * The first 'prefix' characters of 'path' are common leading
-	 * path components among the pathspecs we have seen so far,
-	 * including the trailing slash.
-	 */
-	prefix = slash - path + 1;
-	while ((next = *++pathspec) != NULL) {
-		int len, last_matching_slash = -1;
-		for (len = 0; len < prefix && next[len] == path[len]; len++)
-			if (next[len] == '/')
-				last_matching_slash = len;
-		if (len == prefix)
-			continue;
-		if (last_matching_slash < 0)
-			return 0;
-		prefix = last_matching_slash + 1;
+	first = *pathspec;
+	while ((n = *pathspec++)) {
+		size_t i, len = 0;
+		for (i = 0; first == n || i < max; i++) {
+			char c = n[i];
+			if (!c || c != first[i] || is_glob_special(c))
+				break;
+			if (c == '/')
+				len = i + 1;
+		}
+		if (first == n || len < max) {
+			max = len;
+			if (!max)
+				break;
+		}
 	}
-	return prefix;
+	return max;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Returns a copy of the longest leading path common among all
+ * pathspecs.
+ */
+char *common_prefix(const char **pathspec)
+{
+	unsigned long len = common_prefix_len(pathspec);
+
+	return len ? xmemdupz(*pathspec, len) : NULL;
 }
 
 int fill_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char **pathspec)
 {
 	const char *path;
-	int len;
+	size_t len;
 
 	/*
 	 * Calculate common prefix for the pathspec, and
 	 * use that to optimize the directory walk
 	 */
-	len = common_prefix(pathspec);
+	len = common_prefix_len(pathspec);
 	path = "";
 
 	if (len)
@@ -84,6 +89,8 @@
 
 	/* Read the directory and prune it */
 	read_directory(dir, path, len, pathspec);
+	if (*path)
+		free((char *)path);
 	return len;
 }
 
@@ -961,34 +968,34 @@
 {
 	DIR *fdir = opendir(*base ? base : ".");
 	int contents = 0;
+	struct dirent *de;
+	char path[PATH_MAX + 1];
 
-	if (fdir) {
-		struct dirent *de;
-		char path[PATH_MAX + 1];
-		memcpy(path, base, baselen);
+	if (!fdir)
+		return 0;
 
-		while ((de = readdir(fdir)) != NULL) {
-			int len;
-			switch (treat_path(dir, de, path, sizeof(path),
-					   baselen, simplify, &len)) {
-			case path_recurse:
-				contents += read_directory_recursive
-					(dir, path, len, 0, simplify);
-				continue;
-			case path_ignored:
-				continue;
-			case path_handled:
-				break;
-			}
-			contents++;
-			if (check_only)
-				goto exit_early;
-			else
-				dir_add_name(dir, path, len);
+	memcpy(path, base, baselen);
+
+	while ((de = readdir(fdir)) != NULL) {
+		int len;
+		switch (treat_path(dir, de, path, sizeof(path),
+				   baselen, simplify, &len)) {
+		case path_recurse:
+			contents += read_directory_recursive(dir, path, len, 0, simplify);
+			continue;
+		case path_ignored:
+			continue;
+		case path_handled:
+			break;
 		}
-exit_early:
-		closedir(fdir);
+		contents++;
+		if (check_only)
+			goto exit_early;
+		else
+			dir_add_name(dir, path, len);
 	}
+exit_early:
+	closedir(fdir);
 
 	return contents;
 }
diff --git a/dir.h b/dir.h
index 433b5b4..dd6947e 100644
--- a/dir.h
+++ b/dir.h
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@
 #define MATCHED_RECURSIVELY 1
 #define MATCHED_FNMATCH 2
 #define MATCHED_EXACTLY 3
+extern char *common_prefix(const char **pathspec);
 extern int match_pathspec(const char **pathspec, const char *name, int namelen, int prefix, char *seen);
 extern int match_pathspec_depth(const struct pathspec *pathspec,
 				const char *name, int namelen,
diff --git a/environment.c b/environment.c
index d60b73f..0bee6a7 100644
--- a/environment.c
+++ b/environment.c
@@ -107,7 +107,7 @@
 		if (strcmp((*c)->buf, "/") != 0)
 			strbuf_addf(&buf, "refs/namespaces/%s", (*c)->buf);
 	strbuf_list_free(components);
-	if (check_ref_format(buf.buf) != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK)
+	if (check_refname_format(buf.buf, 0))
 		die("bad git namespace path \"%s\"", raw_namespace);
 	strbuf_addch(&buf, '/');
 	return strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
diff --git a/fast-import.c b/fast-import.c
index 742e7da..f4bfe0f 100644
--- a/fast-import.c
+++ b/fast-import.c
@@ -722,13 +722,8 @@
 
 	if (b)
 		die("Invalid attempt to create duplicate branch: %s", name);
-	switch (check_ref_format(name)) {
-	case 0: break; /* its valid */
-	case CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL:
-		break; /* valid, but too few '/', allow anyway */
-	default:
+	if (check_refname_format(name, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
 		die("Branch name doesn't conform to GIT standards: %s", name);
-	}
 
 	b = pool_calloc(1, sizeof(struct branch));
 	b->name = pool_strdup(name);
@@ -2178,6 +2173,11 @@
 
 		if (tmp_hex_sha1_len == 40 && !get_sha1_hex(hex_sha1, sha1)) {
 			/* This is a note entry */
+			if (fanout == 0xff) {
+				/* Counting mode, no rename */
+				num_notes++;
+				continue;
+			}
 			construct_path_with_fanout(hex_sha1, fanout, realpath);
 			if (!strcmp(fullpath, realpath)) {
 				/* Note entry is in correct location */
@@ -2384,7 +2384,7 @@
 		leaf.tree);
 }
 
-static void note_change_n(struct branch *b, unsigned char old_fanout)
+static void note_change_n(struct branch *b, unsigned char *old_fanout)
 {
 	const char *p = command_buf.buf + 2;
 	static struct strbuf uq = STRBUF_INIT;
@@ -2395,6 +2395,23 @@
 	uint16_t inline_data = 0;
 	unsigned char new_fanout;
 
+	/*
+	 * When loading a branch, we don't traverse its tree to count the real
+	 * number of notes (too expensive to do this for all non-note refs).
+	 * This means that recently loaded notes refs might incorrectly have
+	 * b->num_notes == 0, and consequently, old_fanout might be wrong.
+	 *
+	 * Fix this by traversing the tree and counting the number of notes
+	 * when b->num_notes == 0. If the notes tree is truly empty, the
+	 * calculation should not take long.
+	 */
+	if (b->num_notes == 0 && *old_fanout == 0) {
+		/* Invoke change_note_fanout() in "counting mode". */
+		b->num_notes = change_note_fanout(&b->branch_tree, 0xff);
+		*old_fanout = convert_num_notes_to_fanout(b->num_notes);
+	}
+
+	/* Now parse the notemodify command. */
 	/* <dataref> or 'inline' */
 	if (*p == ':') {
 		char *x;
@@ -2416,6 +2433,8 @@
 	/* <committish> */
 	s = lookup_branch(p);
 	if (s) {
+		if (is_null_sha1(s->sha1))
+			die("Can't add a note on empty branch.");
 		hashcpy(commit_sha1, s->sha1);
 	} else if (*p == ':') {
 		uintmax_t commit_mark = strtoumax(p + 1, NULL, 10);
@@ -2453,7 +2472,7 @@
 			    typename(type), command_buf.buf);
 	}
 
-	construct_path_with_fanout(sha1_to_hex(commit_sha1), old_fanout, path);
+	construct_path_with_fanout(sha1_to_hex(commit_sha1), *old_fanout, path);
 	if (tree_content_remove(&b->branch_tree, path, NULL))
 		b->num_notes--;
 
@@ -2640,7 +2659,7 @@
 		else if (!prefixcmp(command_buf.buf, "C "))
 			file_change_cr(b, 0);
 		else if (!prefixcmp(command_buf.buf, "N "))
-			note_change_n(b, prev_fanout);
+			note_change_n(b, &prev_fanout);
 		else if (!strcmp("deleteall", command_buf.buf))
 			file_change_deleteall(b);
 		else if (!prefixcmp(command_buf.buf, "ls "))
@@ -2717,6 +2736,8 @@
 	from = strchr(command_buf.buf, ' ') + 1;
 	s = lookup_branch(from);
 	if (s) {
+		if (is_null_sha1(s->sha1))
+			die("Can't tag an empty branch.");
 		hashcpy(sha1, s->sha1);
 		type = OBJ_COMMIT;
 	} else if (*from == ':') {
diff --git a/git-am.sh b/git-am.sh
index 94f853f..1c13b13 100755
--- a/git-am.sh
+++ b/git-am.sh
@@ -311,6 +311,40 @@
 		this=
 		msgnum=
 		;;
+	hg)
+		this=0
+		for hg in "$@"
+		do
+			this=$(( $this + 1 ))
+			msgnum=$(printf "%0${prec}d" $this)
+			# hg stores changeset metadata in #-commented lines preceding
+			# the commit message and diff(s). The only metadata we care about
+			# are the User and Date (Node ID and Parent are hashes which are
+			# only relevant to the hg repository and thus not useful to us)
+			# Since we cannot guarantee that the commit message is in
+			# git-friendly format, we put no Subject: line and just consume
+			# all of the message as the body
+			perl -M'POSIX qw(strftime)' -ne 'BEGIN { $subject = 0 }
+				if ($subject) { print ; }
+				elsif (/^\# User /) { s/\# User/From:/ ; print ; }
+				elsif (/^\# Date /) {
+					my ($hashsign, $str, $time, $tz) = split ;
+					$tz = sprintf "%+05d", (0-$tz)/36;
+					print "Date: " .
+					      strftime("%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S ",
+						       localtime($time))
+					      . "$tz\n";
+				} elsif (/^\# /) { next ; }
+				else {
+					print "\n", $_ ;
+					$subject = 1;
+				}
+			' <"$hg" >"$dotest/$msgnum" || clean_abort
+		done
+		echo "$this" >"$dotest/last"
+		this=
+		msgnum=
+		;;
 	*)
 		if test -n "$patch_format"
 		then
diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index 5ef8ff7..230e198 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@
 #define find_last_dir_sep(path) strrchr(path, '/')
 #endif
 
-#if __HP_cc >= 61000
+#if defined(__HP_cc) && (__HP_cc >= 61000)
 #define NORETURN __attribute__((noreturn))
 #define NORETURN_PTR
 #elif defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(NO_NORETURN)
@@ -351,6 +351,8 @@
 #ifdef NO_STRTOUMAX
 #define strtoumax gitstrtoumax
 extern uintmax_t gitstrtoumax(const char *, char **, int);
+#define strtoimax gitstrtoimax
+extern intmax_t gitstrtoimax(const char *, char **, int);
 #endif
 
 #ifdef NO_STRTOK_R
diff --git a/git-cvsserver.perl b/git-cvsserver.perl
index 1b8bff2..b8eddab 100755
--- a/git-cvsserver.perl
+++ b/git-cvsserver.perl
@@ -109,14 +109,14 @@
     "    --strict-paths      : Don't allow recursing into subdirectories\n".
     "    --export-all        : Don't check for gitcvs.enabled in config\n".
     "    --version, -V       : Print version information and exit\n".
-    "    --help, -h, -H      : Print usage information and exit\n".
+    "    -h, -H              : Print usage information and exit\n".
     "\n".
     "<directory> ... is a list of allowed directories. If no directories\n".
     "are given, all are allowed. This is an additional restriction, gitcvs\n".
     "access still needs to be enabled by the gitcvs.enabled config option.\n".
     "Alternately, one directory may be specified in GIT_CVSSERVER_ROOT.\n";
 
-my @opts = ( 'help|h|H', 'version|V',
+my @opts = ( 'h|H', 'version|V',
 	     'base-path=s', 'strict-paths', 'export-all' );
 GetOptions( $state, @opts )
     or die $usage;
diff --git a/git-difftool--helper.sh b/git-difftool--helper.sh
index 8452890..e6558d1 100755
--- a/git-difftool--helper.sh
+++ b/git-difftool--helper.sh
@@ -43,12 +43,15 @@
 		printf "\nViewing: '$MERGED'\n"
 		if use_ext_cmd
 		then
-			printf "Hit return to launch '%s': " \
+			printf "Launch '%s' [Y/n]: " \
 				"$GIT_DIFFTOOL_EXTCMD"
 		else
-			printf "Hit return to launch '%s': " "$merge_tool"
+			printf "Launch '%s' [Y/n]: " "$merge_tool"
 		fi
-		read ans
+		if read ans && test "$ans" = n
+		then
+			return
+		fi
 	fi
 
 	if use_ext_cmd
diff --git a/git-difftool.perl b/git-difftool.perl
index ced1615..09b65f1 100755
--- a/git-difftool.perl
+++ b/git-difftool.perl
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@
 			$prompt = 'yes';
 			next;
 		}
-		if ($arg eq '-h' || $arg eq '--help') {
+		if ($arg eq '-h') {
 			usage();
 		}
 		push @command, $arg;
diff --git a/git-gui/git-gui.sh b/git-gui/git-gui.sh
index fd6a43d..f897160 100755
--- a/git-gui/git-gui.sh
+++ b/git-gui/git-gui.sh
@@ -854,6 +854,7 @@
 # TODO: this option should be added to the git-config documentation
 set default_config(gui.maxfilesdisplayed) 5000
 set default_config(gui.usettk) 1
+set default_config(gui.warndetachedcommit) 1
 set font_descs {
 	{fontui   font_ui   {mc "Main Font"}}
 	{fontdiff font_diff {mc "Diff/Console Font"}}
@@ -1526,7 +1527,7 @@
 
 	# prepare-commit-msg requires PREPARE_COMMIT_MSG exist.  From git-gui
 	# it will be .git/MERGE_MSG (merge), .git/SQUASH_MSG (squash), or an
-	# empty file but existant file.
+	# empty file but existent file.
 
 	set fd_pcm [open [gitdir PREPARE_COMMIT_MSG] a]
 
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/blame.tcl b/git-gui/lib/blame.tcl
index 61e358f..691941e 100644
--- a/git-gui/lib/blame.tcl
+++ b/git-gui/lib/blame.tcl
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
 field w_file     ; # text column: actual file data
 field w_cviewer  ; # pane showing commit message
 field finder     ; # find mini-dialog frame
+field gotoline   ; # line goto mini-dialog frame
 field status     ; # status mega-widget instance
 field old_height ; # last known height of $w.file_pane
 
@@ -231,6 +232,11 @@
 		-column [expr {[llength $w_columns] - 1}] \
 		]
 
+	set gotoline [::linebar::new \
+		$w.file_pane.out.lf $w_file \
+		-column [expr {[llength $w_columns] - 1}] \
+		]
+
 	set w_cviewer $w.file_pane.cm.t
 	text $w_cviewer \
 		-background white \
@@ -274,7 +280,11 @@
 	$w.ctxm add command \
 		-label [mc "Find Text..."] \
 		-accelerator F7 \
-		-command [list searchbar::show $finder]
+		-command [cb _show_finder]
+	$w.ctxm add command \
+		-label [mc "Goto Line..."] \
+		-accelerator "Ctrl-G" \
+		-command [cb _show_linebar]
 	menu $w.ctxm.enc
 	build_encoding_menu $w.ctxm.enc [cb _setencoding]
 	$w.ctxm add cascade \
@@ -341,10 +351,13 @@
 	bind $w_cviewer <Tab>       "[list focus $w_file];break"
 	bind $w_cviewer <Button-1>   [list focus $w_cviewer]
 	bind $w_file    <Visibility> [cb _focus_search $w_file]
-	bind $top       <F7>         [list searchbar::show $finder]
+	bind $top       <F7>         [cb _show_finder]
+	bind $top       <Key-slash>  [cb _show_finder]
+	bind $top    <Control-Key-s> [cb _show_finder]
 	bind $top       <Escape>     [list searchbar::hide $finder]
 	bind $top       <F3>         [list searchbar::find_next $finder]
 	bind $top       <Shift-F3>   [list searchbar::find_prev $finder]
+	bind $top    <Control-Key-g> [cb _show_linebar]
 	catch { bind $top <Shift-Key-XF86_Switch_VT_3> [list searchbar::find_prev $finder] }
 
 	grid configure $w.header -sticky ew
@@ -1298,9 +1311,9 @@
 	set pos_y [expr {[winfo pointery .] + 10}]
 
 	set g "${req_w}x${req_h}"
-	if {$pos_x >= 0} {append g +}
+	if {[tk windowingsystem] eq "win32" || $pos_x >= 0} {append g +}
 	append g $pos_x
-	if {$pos_y >= 0} {append g +}
+	if {[tk windowingsystem] eq "win32" || $pos_y >= 0} {append g +}
 	append g $pos_y
 
 	wm geometry $tooltip_wm $g
@@ -1336,4 +1349,14 @@
 	set old_height $new_height
 }
 
+method _show_finder {} {
+	linebar::hide $gotoline
+	searchbar::show $finder
+}
+
+method _show_linebar {} {
+	searchbar::hide $finder
+	linebar::show $gotoline
+}
+
 }
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/choose_rev.tcl b/git-gui/lib/choose_rev.tcl
index c12d5e1..54c7957 100644
--- a/git-gui/lib/choose_rev.tcl
+++ b/git-gui/lib/choose_rev.tcl
@@ -610,9 +610,9 @@
 	set pos_y [expr {[winfo pointery .] + 10}]
 
 	set g "${req_w}x${req_h}"
-	if {$pos_x >= 0} {append g +}
+	if {[tk windowingsystem] eq "win32" || $pos_x >= 0} {append g +}
 	append g $pos_x
-	if {$pos_y >= 0} {append g +}
+	if {[tk windowingsystem] eq "win32" || $pos_y >= 0} {append g +}
 	append g $pos_y
 
 	wm geometry $tooltip_wm $g
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/commit.tcl b/git-gui/lib/commit.tcl
index 5ce4687..372bed9 100644
--- a/git-gui/lib/commit.tcl
+++ b/git-gui/lib/commit.tcl
@@ -260,8 +260,23 @@
 }
 
 proc commit_commitmsg {curHEAD msg_p} {
+	global is_detached repo_config
 	global pch_error
 
+	if {$is_detached && $repo_config(gui.warndetachedcommit)} {
+		set msg [mc "You are about to commit on a detached head.\
+This is a potentially dangerous thing to do because if you switch\
+to another branch you will loose your changes and it can be difficult\
+to retrieve them later from the reflog. You should probably cancel this\
+commit and create a new branch to continue.\n\
+\n\
+Do you really want to proceed with your Commit?"]
+		if {[ask_popup $msg] ne yes} {
+			unlock_index
+			return
+		}
+	}
+
 	# -- Run the commit-msg hook.
 	#
 	set fd_ph [githook_read commit-msg $msg_p]
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/index.tcl b/git-gui/lib/index.tcl
index 5d7bbf2..e38b647 100644
--- a/git-gui/lib/index.tcl
+++ b/git-gui/lib/index.tcl
@@ -356,12 +356,21 @@
 	global file_states
 
 	set paths [list]
+	set unknown_paths [list]
 	foreach path [array names file_states] {
 		switch -glob -- [lindex $file_states($path) 0] {
 		U? {continue}
 		?M -
 		?T -
 		?D {lappend paths $path}
+		?O {lappend unknown_paths $path}
+		}
+	}
+	if {[llength $unknown_paths]} {
+		set reply [ask_popup [mc "There are unknown files do you also want
+to stage those?"]]
+		if {$reply} {
+			set paths [concat $paths $unknown_paths]
 		}
 	}
 	add_helper {Adding all changed files} $paths
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/line.tcl b/git-gui/lib/line.tcl
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c160012
--- /dev/null
+++ b/git-gui/lib/line.tcl
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
+# goto line number
+# based on code from gitk, Copyright (C) Paul Mackerras
+
+class linebar {
+
+field w
+field ctext
+
+field linenum   {}
+
+constructor new {i_w i_text args} {
+	global use_ttk NS
+	set w      $i_w
+	set ctext  $i_text
+
+	${NS}::frame  $w
+	${NS}::label  $w.l       -text [mc "Goto Line:"]
+	entry  $w.ent \
+		-textvariable ${__this}::linenum \
+		-background lightgreen \
+		-validate key \
+		-validatecommand [cb _validate %P]
+	${NS}::button $w.bn      -text [mc Go] -command [cb _goto]
+
+	pack   $w.l   -side left
+	pack   $w.bn  -side right
+	pack   $w.ent -side left -expand 1 -fill x
+
+	eval grid conf $w -sticky we $args
+	grid remove $w
+
+	trace add variable linenum write [cb _goto_cb]
+	bind $w.ent <Return> [cb _goto]
+	bind $w.ent <Escape> [cb hide]
+
+	bind $w <Destroy> [list delete_this $this]
+	return $this
+}
+
+method show {} {
+	if {![visible $this]} {
+		grid $w
+	}
+	focus -force $w.ent
+}
+
+method hide {} {
+	if {[visible $this]} {
+		$w.ent delete 0 end
+		focus $ctext
+		grid remove $w
+	}
+}
+
+method visible {} {
+	return [winfo ismapped $w]
+}
+
+method editor {} {
+	return $w.ent
+}
+
+method _validate {P} {
+	# only accept numbers as input
+	string is integer $P
+}
+
+method _goto_cb {name ix op} {
+	after idle [cb _goto 1]
+}
+
+method _goto {{nohide {0}}} {
+	if {$linenum ne {}} {
+		$ctext see $linenum.0
+		if {!$nohide} {
+			hide $this
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+}
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/search.tcl b/git-gui/lib/search.tcl
index 7fdbf87..ef3486f 100644
--- a/git-gui/lib/search.tcl
+++ b/git-gui/lib/search.tcl
@@ -35,6 +35,8 @@
 	grid remove $w
 
 	trace add variable searchstring write [cb _incrsearch_cb]
+	bind $w.ent <Return> [cb find_next]
+	bind $w.ent <Shift-Return> [cb find_prev]
 	
 	bind $w <Destroy> [list delete_this $this]
 	return $this
@@ -196,4 +198,4 @@
 	}
 }
 
-}
\ No newline at end of file
+}
diff --git a/git-gui/po/README b/git-gui/po/README
index 595bbf5..0f5837d 100644
--- a/git-gui/po/README
+++ b/git-gui/po/README
@@ -18,28 +18,23 @@
 poedit, GTranslator --- any of them would work well).  Please install
 them.
 
-You would then need to clone the git-gui internationalization project
-repository, so that you can work on it:
+You would then need to clone the git-gui project repository and create
+a feature branch to begin working:
 
-	$ git clone mob@repo.or.cz:/srv/git/git-gui/git-gui-i18n.git/
-	$ cd git-gui-i18n
-	$ git checkout --track -b mob origin/mob
-	$ git config remote.origin.push mob
+	$ git clone git://repo.or.cz/git-gui.git
+	$ cd git-gui.git
+	$ git checkout -b my-translation
 
-The "git checkout" command creates a 'mob' branch from upstream's
-corresponding branch and makes it your current branch.  You will be
-working on this branch.
-
-The "git config" command records in your repository configuration file
-that you would push "mob" branch to the upstream when you say "git
-push".
+The "git checkout" command creates a new branch to keep your work
+isolated and to make it simple to post your patch series when
+completed.  You will be working on this branch.
 
 
 2. Starting a new language.
 
-In the git-gui-i18n directory is a po/ subdirectory.  It has a
-handful files whose names end with ".po".  Is there a file that has
-messages in your language?
+In the git-gui directory is a po/ subdirectory.  It has a handful of
+files whose names end with ".po".  Is there a file that has messages
+in your language?
 
 If you do not know what your language should be named, you need to find
 it.  This currently follows ISO 639-1 two letter codes:
@@ -149,15 +144,18 @@
 	$ make
 	$ LANG=af ./git-gui.sh
 
-When you are satisfied with your translation, commit your changes, and
-push it back to the 'mob' branch:
+When you are satisfied with your translation, commit your changes then submit
+your patch series to the maintainer and the Git mailing list:
 
 	$ edit po/af.po
 	... be sure to update Last-Translator: and
 	... PO-Revision-Date: lines.
 	$ git add po/af.po
-	$ git commit -m 'Started Afrikaans translation.'
-	$ git push
+	$ git commit -s -m 'git-gui: added Afrikaans translation.'
+	$ git send-email --to 'git@vger.kernel.org' \
+	   --cc 'Pat Thoyts <patthoyts@users.sourceforge.net>' \
+	   --subject 'git-gui: Afrikaans translation' \
+	   master..
 
 
 3. Updating your translation.
@@ -169,6 +167,7 @@
 
 In any case, make sure you are up-to-date before starting your work:
 
+	$ git checkout master
 	$ git pull
 
 In the former case, you will edit po/af.po (again, replace "af" with
diff --git a/git-gui/po/sv.po b/git-gui/po/sv.po
index 8bd3c5d..24cc4e3 100644
--- a/git-gui/po/sv.po
+++ b/git-gui/po/sv.po
@@ -1714,7 +1714,7 @@
 
 #: lib/index.tcl:30
 msgid "Continue"
-msgstr "Forstätt"
+msgstr "Fortsätt"
 
 #: lib/index.tcl:33
 msgid "Unlock Index"
diff --git a/git-pull.sh b/git-pull.sh
index 902fc4a..9868a0b 100755
--- a/git-pull.sh
+++ b/git-pull.sh
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@
 	--d|--dr|--dry|--dry-|--dry-r|--dry-ru|--dry-run)
 		dry_run=--dry-run
 		;;
-	-h|--h|--he|--hel|--help|--help-|--help-a|--help-al|--help-all)
+	-h|--help-all)
 		usage
 		;;
 	*)
diff --git a/git-rebase--interactive.sh b/git-rebase--interactive.sh
index 94f36c2..5812222 100644
--- a/git-rebase--interactive.sh
+++ b/git-rebase--interactive.sh
@@ -143,6 +143,21 @@
 	die "$2"
 }
 
+exit_with_patch () {
+	echo "$1" > "$state_dir"/stopped-sha
+	make_patch $1
+	git rev-parse --verify HEAD > "$amend"
+	warn "You can amend the commit now, with"
+	warn
+	warn "	git commit --amend"
+	warn
+	warn "Once you are satisfied with your changes, run"
+	warn
+	warn "	git rebase --continue"
+	warn
+	exit $2
+}
+
 die_abort () {
 	rm -rf "$state_dir"
 	die "$1"
@@ -161,6 +176,19 @@
 	)
 }
 
+git_sequence_editor () {
+	if test -z "$GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR"
+	then
+		GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR="$(git config sequence.editor)"
+		if [ -z "$GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR" ]
+		then
+			GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR="$(git var GIT_EDITOR)" || return $?
+		fi
+	fi
+
+	eval "$GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR" '"$@"'
+}
+
 pick_one () {
 	ff=--ff
 	case "$1" in -n) sha1=$2; ff= ;; *) sha1=$1 ;; esac
@@ -395,7 +423,13 @@
 		mark_action_done
 		pick_one $sha1 ||
 			die_with_patch $sha1 "Could not apply $sha1... $rest"
-		git commit --amend --no-post-rewrite
+		git commit --amend --no-post-rewrite || {
+			warn "Could not amend commit after successfully picking $sha1... $rest"
+			warn "This is most likely due to an empty commit message, or the pre-commit hook"
+			warn "failed. If the pre-commit hook failed, you may need to resolve the issue before"
+			warn "you are able to reword the commit."
+			exit_with_patch $sha1 1
+		}
 		record_in_rewritten $sha1
 		;;
 	edit|e)
@@ -404,19 +438,8 @@
 		mark_action_done
 		pick_one $sha1 ||
 			die_with_patch $sha1 "Could not apply $sha1... $rest"
-		echo "$sha1" > "$state_dir"/stopped-sha
-		make_patch $sha1
-		git rev-parse --verify HEAD > "$amend"
 		warn "Stopped at $sha1... $rest"
-		warn "You can amend the commit now, with"
-		warn
-		warn "	git commit --amend"
-		warn
-		warn "Once you are satisfied with your changes, run"
-		warn
-		warn "	git rebase --continue"
-		warn
-		exit 0
+		exit_with_patch $sha1 0
 		;;
 	squash|s|fixup|f)
 		case "$command" in
@@ -832,7 +855,7 @@
 	die_abort "Nothing to do"
 
 cp "$todo" "$todo".backup
-git_editor "$todo" ||
+git_sequence_editor "$todo" ||
 	die_abort "Could not execute editor"
 
 has_action "$todo" ||
diff --git a/git-send-email.perl b/git-send-email.perl
index 5790744..ef30c55 100755
--- a/git-send-email.perl
+++ b/git-send-email.perl
@@ -210,6 +210,7 @@
     "signedoffbycc" => [\$signed_off_by_cc, undef],
     "signedoffcc" => [\$signed_off_by_cc, undef],      # Deprecated
     "validate" => [\$validate, 1],
+    "multiedit" => [\$multiedit, undef]
 );
 
 my %config_settings = (
@@ -225,15 +226,17 @@
     "cccmd" => \$cc_cmd,
     "aliasfiletype" => \$aliasfiletype,
     "bcc" => \@bcclist,
-    "aliasesfile" => \@alias_files,
     "suppresscc" => \@suppress_cc,
     "envelopesender" => \$envelope_sender,
-    "multiedit" => \$multiedit,
     "confirm"   => \$confirm,
     "from" => \$sender,
     "assume8bitencoding" => \$auto_8bit_encoding,
 );
 
+my %config_path_settings = (
+    "aliasesfile" => \@alias_files,
+);
+
 # Help users prepare for 1.7.0
 sub chain_reply_to {
 	if (defined $chain_reply_to &&
@@ -275,7 +278,9 @@
 # Begin by accumulating all the variables (defined above), that we will end up
 # needing, first, from the command line:
 
-my $rc = GetOptions("sender|from=s" => \$sender,
+my $help;
+my $rc = GetOptions("h" => \$help,
+		    "sender|from=s" => \$sender,
                     "in-reply-to=s" => \$initial_reply_to,
 		    "subject=s" => \$initial_subject,
 		    "to=s" => \@initial_to,
@@ -313,6 +318,7 @@
 		    "force" => \$force,
 	 );
 
+usage() if $help;
 unless ($rc) {
     usage();
 }
@@ -330,6 +336,19 @@
 		$$target = Git::config_bool(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
 	}
 
+	foreach my $setting (keys %config_path_settings) {
+		my $target = $config_path_settings{$setting};
+		if (ref($target) eq "ARRAY") {
+			unless (@$target) {
+				my @values = Git::config_path(@repo, "$prefix.$setting");
+				@$target = @values if (@values && defined $values[0]);
+			}
+		}
+		else {
+			$$target = Git::config_path(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
+		}
+	}
+
 	foreach my $setting (keys %config_settings) {
 		my $target = $config_settings{$setting};
 		next if $setting eq "to" and defined $no_to;
@@ -1095,6 +1114,12 @@
 		}
 
 		if (defined $smtp_authuser) {
+			# Workaround AUTH PLAIN/LOGIN interaction defect
+			# with Authen::SASL::Cyrus
+			eval {
+				require Authen::SASL;
+				Authen::SASL->import(qw(Perl));
+			};
 
 			if (!defined $smtp_authpass) {
 
diff --git a/git-sh-setup.sh b/git-sh-setup.sh
index 8e427da..1fba6c2 100644
--- a/git-sh-setup.sh
+++ b/git-sh-setup.sh
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@
 	fi
 
 	case "$1" in
-		-h|--h|--he|--hel|--help)
+		-h)
 		echo "$LONG_USAGE"
 		exit
 	esac
diff --git a/git-stash.sh b/git-stash.sh
index 31dec0a..c766692 100755
--- a/git-stash.sh
+++ b/git-stash.sh
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@
 
 	if test -n "$patch_mode" && test -n "$untracked"
 	then
-	    die "Can't use --patch and ---include-untracked or --all at the same time"
+	    die "Can't use --patch and --include-untracked or --all at the same time"
 	fi
 
 	stash_msg="$*"
@@ -240,7 +240,7 @@
 		test "$untracked" = "all" && CLEAN_X_OPTION=-x || CLEAN_X_OPTION=
 		if test -n "$untracked"
 		then
-			git clean --force --quiet $CLEAN_X_OPTION
+			git clean --force --quiet -d $CLEAN_X_OPTION
 		fi
 
 		if test "$keep_index" = "t" && test -n $i_tree
diff --git a/git-submodule.sh b/git-submodule.sh
index 814d0d9..3adab93 100755
--- a/git-submodule.sh
+++ b/git-submodule.sh
@@ -104,9 +104,9 @@
 	re=$(printf '%s\n' "$1" | sed -e 's/[].[^$\\*]/\\&/g')
 	name=$( git config -f .gitmodules --get-regexp '^submodule\..*\.path$' |
 		sed -n -e 's|^submodule\.\(.*\)\.path '"$re"'$|\1|p' )
-       test -z "$name" &&
-       die "$(eval_gettext "No submodule mapping found in .gitmodules for path '\$path'")"
-       echo "$name"
+	test -z "$name" &&
+	die "$(eval_gettext "No submodule mapping found in .gitmodules for path '\$path'")"
+	echo "$name"
 }
 
 #
@@ -128,13 +128,49 @@
 		quiet=-q
 	fi
 
-	if test -n "$reference"
+	gitdir=
+	gitdir_base=
+	name=$(module_name "$path" 2>/dev/null)
+	base_path=$(dirname "$path")
+
+	gitdir=$(git rev-parse --git-dir)
+	gitdir_base="$gitdir/modules/$base_path"
+	gitdir="$gitdir/modules/$path"
+
+	case $gitdir in
+	/*)
+		a="$(cd_to_toplevel && pwd)/"
+		b=$gitdir
+		while [ "$b" ] && [ "${a%%/*}" = "${b%%/*}" ]
+		do
+			a=${a#*/} b=${b#*/};
+		done
+
+		rel="$a$name"
+		rel=`echo $rel | sed -e 's|[^/]*|..|g'`
+		rel_gitdir="$rel/$b"
+		;;
+	*)
+		rel=`echo $name | sed -e 's|[^/]*|..|g'`
+		rel_gitdir="$rel/$gitdir"
+		;;
+	esac
+
+	if test -d "$gitdir"
 	then
-		git-clone $quiet "$reference" -n "$url" "$path"
+		mkdir -p "$path"
+		echo "gitdir: $rel_gitdir" >"$path/.git"
+		rm -f "$gitdir/index"
 	else
-		git-clone $quiet -n "$url" "$path"
-	fi ||
-	die "$(eval_gettext "Clone of '\$url' into submodule path '\$path' failed")"
+		mkdir -p "$gitdir_base"
+		if test -n "$reference"
+		then
+			git-clone $quiet "$reference" -n "$url" "$path" --separate-git-dir "$gitdir"
+		else
+			git-clone $quiet -n "$url" "$path" --separate-git-dir "$gitdir"
+		fi ||
+		die "$(eval_gettext "Clone of '\$url' into submodule path '\$path' failed")"
+	fi
 }
 
 #
@@ -426,6 +462,9 @@
 		--recursive)
 			recursive=1
 			;;
+		--checkout)
+			update="checkout"
+			;;
 		--)
 			shift
 			break
@@ -458,7 +497,19 @@
 		fi
 		name=$(module_name "$path") || exit
 		url=$(git config submodule."$name".url)
-		update_module=$(git config submodule."$name".update)
+		if ! test -z "$update"
+		then
+			update_module=$update
+		else
+			update_module=$(git config submodule."$name".update)
+		fi
+
+		if test "$update_module" = "none"
+		then
+			echo "Skipping submodule '$path'"
+			continue
+		fi
+
 		if test -z "$url"
 		then
 			# Only mention uninitialized submodules when its
@@ -480,11 +531,6 @@
 			die "$(eval_gettext "Unable to find current revision in submodule path '\$path'")"
 		fi
 
-		if ! test -z "$update"
-		then
-			update_module=$update
-		fi
-
 		if test "$subsha1" != "$sha1"
 		then
 			subforce=$force
diff --git a/git-svn.perl b/git-svn.perl
index 351e743..e30df22 100755
--- a/git-svn.perl
+++ b/git-svn.perl
@@ -22,14 +22,13 @@
 $Git::SVN::Ra::_log_window_size = 100;
 $Git::SVN::_minimize_url = 'unset';
 
-if (! exists $ENV{SVN_SSH}) {
-	if (exists $ENV{GIT_SSH}) {
-		$ENV{SVN_SSH} = $ENV{GIT_SSH};
-		if ($^O eq 'msys') {
-			$ENV{SVN_SSH} =~ s/\\/\\\\/g;
-			$ENV{SVN_SSH} =~ s/(.*)/"$1"/;
-		}
-	}
+if (! exists $ENV{SVN_SSH} && exists $ENV{GIT_SSH}) {
+	$ENV{SVN_SSH} = $ENV{GIT_SSH};
+}
+
+if (exists $ENV{SVN_SSH} && $^O eq 'msys') {
+	$ENV{SVN_SSH} =~ s/\\/\\\\/g;
+	$ENV{SVN_SSH} =~ s/(.*)/"$1"/;
 }
 
 $Git::SVN::Log::TZ = $ENV{TZ};
@@ -87,14 +86,15 @@
 	$_version, $_fetch_all, $_no_rebase, $_fetch_parent,
 	$_merge, $_strategy, $_dry_run, $_local,
 	$_prefix, $_no_checkout, $_url, $_verbose,
-	$_git_format, $_commit_url, $_tag, $_merge_info);
+	$_git_format, $_commit_url, $_tag, $_merge_info, $_interactive);
 $Git::SVN::_follow_parent = 1;
 $SVN::Git::Fetcher::_placeholder_filename = ".gitignore";
 $_q ||= 0;
 my %remote_opts = ( 'username=s' => \$Git::SVN::Prompt::_username,
                     'config-dir=s' => \$Git::SVN::Ra::config_dir,
                     'no-auth-cache' => \$Git::SVN::Prompt::_no_auth_cache,
-                    'ignore-paths=s' => \$SVN::Git::Fetcher::_ignore_regex );
+                    'ignore-paths=s' => \$SVN::Git::Fetcher::_ignore_regex,
+                    'ignore-refs=s' => \$Git::SVN::Ra::_ignore_refs_regex );
 my %fc_opts = ( 'follow-parent|follow!' => \$Git::SVN::_follow_parent,
 		'authors-file|A=s' => \$_authors,
 		'authors-prog=s' => \$_authors_prog,
@@ -163,6 +163,7 @@
 			  'revision|r=i' => \$_revision,
 			  'no-rebase' => \$_no_rebase,
 			  'mergeinfo=s' => \$_merge_info,
+			  'interactive|i' => \$_interactive,
 			%cmt_opts, %fc_opts } ],
 	branch => [ \&cmd_branch,
 	            'Create a branch in the SVN repository',
@@ -256,6 +257,27 @@
 		{} ],
 );
 
+use Term::ReadLine;
+package FakeTerm;
+sub new {
+	my ($class, $reason) = @_;
+	return bless \$reason, shift;
+}
+sub readline {
+	my $self = shift;
+	die "Cannot use readline on FakeTerm: $$self";
+}
+package main;
+
+my $term = eval {
+	$ENV{"GIT_SVN_NOTTY"}
+		? new Term::ReadLine 'git-svn', \*STDIN, \*STDOUT
+		: new Term::ReadLine 'git-svn';
+};
+if ($@) {
+	$term = new FakeTerm "$@: going non-interactive";
+}
+
 my $cmd;
 for (my $i = 0; $i < @ARGV; $i++) {
 	if (defined $cmd{$ARGV[$i]}) {
@@ -299,7 +321,7 @@
 if ($cmd && ($cmd eq 'log' || $cmd eq 'blame')) {
 	Getopt::Long::Configure('pass_through');
 }
-my $rv = GetOptions(%opts, 'help|H|h' => \$_help, 'version|V' => \$_version,
+my $rv = GetOptions(%opts, 'h|H' => \$_help, 'version|V' => \$_version,
                     'minimize-connections' => \$Git::SVN::Migration::_minimize,
                     'id|i=s' => \$Git::SVN::default_ref_id,
                     'svn-remote|remote|R=s' => sub {
@@ -366,6 +388,36 @@
 	exit 0;
 }
 
+sub ask {
+	my ($prompt, %arg) = @_;
+	my $valid_re = $arg{valid_re};
+	my $default = $arg{default};
+	my $resp;
+	my $i = 0;
+
+	if ( !( defined($term->IN)
+            && defined( fileno($term->IN) )
+            && defined( $term->OUT )
+            && defined( fileno($term->OUT) ) ) ){
+		return defined($default) ? $default : undef;
+	}
+
+	while ($i++ < 10) {
+		$resp = $term->readline($prompt);
+		if (!defined $resp) { # EOF
+			print "\n";
+			return defined $default ? $default : undef;
+		}
+		if ($resp eq '' and defined $default) {
+			return $default;
+		}
+		if (!defined $valid_re or $resp =~ /$valid_re/) {
+			return $resp;
+		}
+	}
+	return undef;
+}
+
 sub do_git_init_db {
 	unless (-d $ENV{GIT_DIR}) {
 		my @init_db = ('init');
@@ -388,9 +440,12 @@
 		command_noisy('config', "$pfx.$i", $icv{$i});
 		$set = $i;
 	}
-	my $ignore_regex = \$SVN::Git::Fetcher::_ignore_regex;
-	command_noisy('config', "$pfx.ignore-paths", $$ignore_regex)
-		if defined $$ignore_regex;
+	my $ignore_paths_regex = \$SVN::Git::Fetcher::_ignore_regex;
+	command_noisy('config', "$pfx.ignore-paths", $$ignore_paths_regex)
+		if defined $$ignore_paths_regex;
+	my $ignore_refs_regex = \$Git::SVN::Ra::_ignore_refs_regex;
+	command_noisy('config', "$pfx.ignore-refs", $$ignore_refs_regex)
+		if defined $$ignore_refs_regex;
 
 	if (defined $SVN::Git::Fetcher::_preserve_empty_dirs) {
 		my $fname = \$SVN::Git::Fetcher::_placeholder_filename;
@@ -629,7 +684,7 @@
 				fatal "merge commit $d has ancestor $parent, but that change "
                      ."does not have git-svn metadata!";
 			}
-			unless ($branchurl =~ /^$rooturl(.*)/) {
+			unless ($branchurl =~ /^\Q$rooturl\E(.*)/) {
 				fatal "commit $parent git-svn metadata changed mid-run!";
 			}
 			my $branchpath = $1;
@@ -746,6 +801,27 @@
 		     "If these changes depend on each other, re-running ",
 		     "without --no-rebase may be required."
 	}
+
+	if (defined $_interactive){
+		my $ask_default = "y";
+		foreach my $d (@$linear_refs){
+			my ($fh, $ctx) = command_output_pipe(qw(show --summary), "$d");
+			while (<$fh>){
+				print $_;
+			}
+			command_close_pipe($fh, $ctx);
+			$_ = ask("Commit this patch to SVN? ([y]es (default)|[n]o|[q]uit|[a]ll): ",
+			         valid_re => qr/^(?:yes|y|no|n|quit|q|all|a)/i,
+			         default => $ask_default);
+			die "Commit this patch reply required" unless defined $_;
+			if (/^[nq]/i) {
+				exit(0);
+			} elsif (/^a/i) {
+				last;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
 	my $expect_url = $url;
 
 	my $push_merge_info = eval {
@@ -791,7 +867,7 @@
 							 ."has uuid $uuid!";
 					}
 
-					unless ($branchurl =~ /^$rooturl(.*)/) {
+					unless ($branchurl =~ /^\Q$rooturl\E(.*)/) {
 						# This branch is very strange indeed.
 						fatal "merge parent $parent for $d is on branch "
 							 ."$branchurl, which is not under the "
@@ -2119,6 +2195,8 @@
 			$r->{$1}->{url} = $2;
 		} elsif (m!^(.+)\.pushurl=\s*(.*)\s*$!) {
 			$r->{$1}->{pushurl} = $2;
+		} elsif (m!^(.+)\.ignore-refs=\s*(.*)\s*$!) {
+			$r->{$1}->{ignore_refs_regex} = $2;
 		} elsif (m!^(.+)\.(branches|tags)=$svn_refspec$!) {
 			my ($remote, $t, $local_ref, $remote_ref) =
 			                                     ($1, $2, $3, $4);
@@ -2155,6 +2233,16 @@
 		}
 	} keys %$r;
 
+	foreach my $remote (keys %$r) {
+		foreach ( grep { defined $_ }
+			  map { $r->{$remote}->{$_} } qw(branches tags) ) {
+			foreach my $rs ( @$_ ) {
+				$rs->{ignore_refs_regex} =
+				    $r->{$remote}->{ignore_refs_regex};
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
 	$r;
 }
 
@@ -5310,7 +5398,7 @@
 }
 
 package Git::SVN::Ra;
-use vars qw/@ISA $config_dir $_log_window_size/;
+use vars qw/@ISA $config_dir $_ignore_refs_regex $_log_window_size/;
 use strict;
 use warnings;
 my ($ra_invalid, $can_do_switch, %ignored_err, $RA);
@@ -5768,6 +5856,17 @@
 	@finalents;
 }
 
+# return value: 0 -- don't ignore, 1 -- ignore
+sub is_ref_ignored {
+	my ($g, $p) = @_;
+	my $refname = $g->{ref}->full_path($p);
+	return 1 if defined($g->{ignore_refs_regex}) &&
+	            $refname =~ m!$g->{ignore_refs_regex}!;
+	return 0 unless defined($_ignore_refs_regex);
+	return 1 if $refname =~ m!$_ignore_refs_regex!o;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 sub match_globs {
 	my ($self, $exists, $paths, $globs, $r) = @_;
 
@@ -5804,6 +5903,7 @@
 			next unless /$g->{path}->{regex}/;
 			my $p = $1;
 			my $pathname = $g->{path}->full_path($p);
+			next if is_ref_ignored($g, $p);
 			next if $exists->{$pathname};
 			next if ($self->check_path($pathname, $r) !=
 			         $SVN::Node::dir);
diff --git a/git-web--browse.sh b/git-web--browse.sh
index e9de241..1e82726 100755
--- a/git-web--browse.sh
+++ b/git-web--browse.sh
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@
 	;;
 google-chrome|chrome|chromium|chromium-browser)
 	# No need to specify newTab. It's default in chromium
-	eval "$browser_path" "$@" &
+	"$browser_path" "$@" &
 	;;
 konqueror)
 	case "$(basename "$browser_path")" in
@@ -164,10 +164,10 @@
 		# It's simpler to use kfmclient to open a new tab in konqueror.
 		browser_path="$(echo "$browser_path" | sed -e 's/konqueror$/kfmclient/')"
 		type "$browser_path" > /dev/null 2>&1 || die "No '$browser_path' found."
-		eval "$browser_path" newTab "$@"
+		"$browser_path" newTab "$@" &
 		;;
 	kfmclient)
-		eval "$browser_path" newTab "$@"
+		"$browser_path" newTab "$@" &
 		;;
 	*)
 		"$browser_path" "$@" &
@@ -175,7 +175,7 @@
 	esac
 	;;
 w3m|elinks|links|lynx|open)
-	eval "$browser_path" "$@"
+	"$browser_path" "$@"
 	;;
 start)
 	exec "$browser_path" '"web-browse"' "$@"
@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@
 	;;
 *)
 	if test -n "$browser_cmd"; then
-		( eval $browser_cmd "$@" )
+		( eval "$browser_cmd \"\$@\"" )
 	fi
 	;;
 esac
diff --git a/git.spec.in b/git.spec.in
index 91c8462..c562c62 100644
--- a/git.spec.in
+++ b/git.spec.in
@@ -199,7 +199,11 @@
 
 %files -n gitweb
 %defattr(-,root,root)
+%doc gitweb/README gitweb/INSTALL Documentation/*gitweb*.txt
 %{_datadir}/gitweb
+%{!?_without_docs: %{_mandir}/man1/*gitweb*.1*}
+%{!?_without_docs: %{_mandir}/man5/*gitweb*.5*}
+%{!?_without_docs: %doc Documentation/*gitweb*.html }
 
 %files -n perl-Git -f perl-files
 %defattr(-,root,root)
@@ -208,6 +212,9 @@
 # No files for you!
 
 %changelog
+* Sun Sep 18 2011 Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+- Add gitweb manpages to 'gitweb' subpackage
+
 * Wed Jun 30 2010 Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
 - Add 'gitweb' subpackage.
 
diff --git a/git_remote_helpers/git/git.py b/git_remote_helpers/git/git.py
index a383e6c..007a1bf 100644
--- a/git_remote_helpers/git/git.py
+++ b/git_remote_helpers/git/git.py
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@
     # The following is a reimplementation of the git check-ref-format
     # command.  The rules were derived from the git check-ref-format(1)
     # manual page.  This code should be replaced by a call to
-    # check_ref_format() in the git library, when such is available.
+    # check_refname_format() in the git library, when such is available.
     if ref_name.endswith('/') or \
        ref_name.startswith('.') or \
        ref_name.count('/.') or \
diff --git a/gitweb/INSTALL b/gitweb/INSTALL
index f5efe74..6d45406 100644
--- a/gitweb/INSTALL
+++ b/gitweb/INSTALL
@@ -130,6 +130,8 @@
    Points to an .html file which is included on the gitweb project
    overview page ('projects_list' view), if it exists.  Relative to
    gitweb.cgi script.  [Default: indextext.html]
+ * GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING
+   html snippet to include in the <head> section of each page. [No default]
  * GITWEB_SITE_HEADER
    Filename of html text to include at top of each page.  Relative to
    gitweb.cgi script.  [No default]
@@ -229,7 +231,7 @@
 ------------------
 
 See also "Runtime gitweb configuration" section in README file
-for gitweb (in gitweb/README).
+for gitweb (in gitweb/README), and gitweb.conf(5) manpage.
 
 - You can configure gitweb further using the per-instance gitweb configuration file;
   by default this is a file named gitweb_config.perl in the same place as
@@ -287,97 +289,19 @@
 Gitweb repositories
 -------------------
 
-- By default all git repositories under projectroot are visible and
-  available to gitweb. The list of projects is generated by default by
-  scanning the projectroot directory for git repositories (for object
-  databases to be more exact).
+By default gitweb shows all git repositories under single common repository
+root on a local filesystem; see description of GITWEB_PROJECTROOT build-time
+configuration variable above (and also of GITWEB_LIST).
 
-  You can provide a pre-generated list of [visible] repositories,
-  together with information about their owners (the project ownership
-  defaults to the owner of the repository directory otherwise), by setting
-  the GITWEB_LIST build configuration variable (or the $projects_list
-  variable in the gitweb config file) to point to a plain file.
-
-  Each line of the projects list file should consist of the url-encoded path
-  to the project repository database (relative to projectroot), followed
-  by the url-encoded project owner on the same line (separated by a space).
-  Spaces in both project path and project owner have to be encoded as either
-  '%20' or '+'.
-
-  Other characters that have to be url-encoded, i.e. replaced by '%'
-  followed by two-digit character number in octal, are: other whitespace
-  characters (because they are field separator in a record), plus sign '+'
-  (because it can be used as replacement for spaces), and percent sign '%'
-  (which is used for encoding / escaping).
-
-  You can generate the projects list index file using the project_index
-  action (the 'TXT' link on projects list page) directly from gitweb.
-
-- By default, even if a project is not visible on projects list page, you
-  can view it nevertheless by hand-crafting a gitweb URL. You can set the
-  GITWEB_STRICT_EXPORT build configuration variable (or the $strict_export
-  variable in the gitweb config file) to only allow viewing of
-  repositories also shown on the overview page.
-
-- Alternatively, you can configure gitweb to only list and allow
-  viewing of the explicitly exported repositories, via the
-  GITWEB_EXPORT_OK build configuration variable (or the $export_ok
-  variable in gitweb config file). If it evaluates to true, gitweb
-  shows repositories only if this file exists in its object database
-  (if directory has the magic file named $export_ok).
-
-- Finally, it is possible to specify an arbitrary perl subroutine that
-  will be called for each project to determine if it can be exported.
-  The subroutine receives an absolute path to the project as its only
-  parameter.
-
-  For example, if you use mod_perl to run the script, and have dumb
-  http protocol authentication configured for your repositories, you
-  can use the following hook to allow access only if the user is
-  authorized to read the files:
-
-    $export_auth_hook = sub {
-        use Apache2::SubRequest ();
-        use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(HTTP_OK);
-        my $path = "$_[0]/HEAD";
-        my $r    = Apache2::RequestUtil->request;
-        my $sub  = $r->lookup_file($path);
-        return $sub->filename eq $path
-            && $sub->status == Apache2::Const::HTTP_OK;
-    };
-
-
-Generating projects list using gitweb
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-We assume that GITWEB_CONFIG has its default Makefile value, namely
-gitweb_config.perl. Put the following in gitweb_make_index.perl file:
-
-	$GITWEB_CONFIG = "gitweb_config.perl";
-	do $GITWEB_CONFIG if -e $GITWEB_CONFIG;
-
-	$projects_list = $projectroot;
-
-Then create the following script to get list of project in the format
-suitable for GITWEB_LIST build configuration variable (or
-$projects_list variable in gitweb config):
-
-	#!/bin/sh
-
-	export GITWEB_CONFIG="gitweb_make_index.perl"
-	export GATEWAY_INTERFACE="CGI/1.1"
-	export HTTP_ACCEPT="*/*"
-	export REQUEST_METHOD="GET"
-	export QUERY_STRING="a=project_index"
-
-	perl -- /var/www/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi
+More advanced usage, like limiting access or visibility of repositories and
+managing multiple roots are described on gitweb manpage.
 
 
 Example web server configuration
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-See also "Webserver configuration" section in README file for gitweb
-(in gitweb/README).
+See also "Webserver configuration" and "Advanced web server setup" sections
+in gitweb(1) manpage.
 
 
 - Apache2, gitweb installed as CGI script,
diff --git a/gitweb/Makefile b/gitweb/Makefile
index 1c85b5f..cd194d0 100644
--- a/gitweb/Makefile
+++ b/gitweb/Makefile
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
 GITWEB_LOGO = static/git-logo.png
 GITWEB_FAVICON = static/git-favicon.png
 GITWEB_JS = static/gitweb.js
+GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING =
 GITWEB_SITE_HEADER =
 GITWEB_SITE_FOOTER =
 HIGHLIGHT_BIN = highlight
@@ -144,6 +145,7 @@
 	-e 's|++GITWEB_LOGO++|$(GITWEB_LOGO)|g' \
 	-e 's|++GITWEB_FAVICON++|$(GITWEB_FAVICON)|g' \
 	-e 's|++GITWEB_JS++|$(GITWEB_JS)|g' \
+	-e 's|++GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING++|$(GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING)|g' \
 	-e 's|++GITWEB_SITE_HEADER++|$(GITWEB_SITE_HEADER)|g' \
 	-e 's|++GITWEB_SITE_FOOTER++|$(GITWEB_SITE_FOOTER)|g' \
 	-e 's|++HIGHLIGHT_BIN++|$(HIGHLIGHT_BIN)|g'
@@ -185,7 +187,9 @@
 ### Cleaning rules
 
 clean:
-	$(RM) gitweb.cgi static/gitweb.min.js static/gitweb.min.css GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
+	$(RM) gitweb.cgi static/gitweb.js \
+		static/gitweb.min.js static/gitweb.min.css \
+		GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
 
 .PHONY: all clean install test test-installed .FORCE-GIT-VERSION-FILE FORCE
 
diff --git a/gitweb/README b/gitweb/README
index a998820..6da4778 100644
--- a/gitweb/README
+++ b/gitweb/README
@@ -7,9 +7,18 @@
 From the git version 1.4.0 gitweb is bundled with git.
 
 
+Build time gitweb configuration
+-------------------------------
+There are many configuration variables which affect building gitweb (among
+others creating gitweb.cgi out of gitweb.perl by replacing placeholders such
+as `++GIT_BINDIR++` by their build-time values).
+
+Building and installing gitweb is described in gitweb's INSTALL file
+(in 'gitweb/INSTALL').
+
+
 Runtime gitweb configuration
 ----------------------------
-
 Gitweb obtains configuration data from the following sources in the
 following order:
 
@@ -41,400 +50,22 @@
 in your `GITWEB_CONFIG` or per-project in `project.git/config` can be found
 as comments inside 'gitweb.cgi'.
 
-See also the "Gitweb config file" (with an example of config file), and
-the "Gitweb repositories" sections in INSTALL file for gitweb.
+See also gitweb.conf(5) manpage.
 
 
-The gitweb config file is a fragment of perl code. You can set variables
-using "our $variable = value"; text from "#" character until the end
-of a line is ignored. See perlsyn(1) man page for details.
+Web server configuration
+------------------------
+Gitweb can be run as CGI script, as legacy mod_perl application (using
+ModPerl::Registry), and as FastCGI script.  You can find some simple examples
+in "Example web server configuration" section in INSTALL file for gitweb (in
+gitweb/INSTALL).
 
-Below is the list of variables which you might want to set in gitweb config.
-See the top of 'gitweb.cgi' for the full list of variables and their
-descriptions.
+See "Webserver configuration" and "Advanced web server setup" sections in
+gitweb(1) manpage.
 
-Gitweb config file variables
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-You can set, among others, the following variables in gitweb config files
-(with the exception of $projectroot and $projects_list this list does
-not include variables usually directly set during build):
- * $GIT
-   Core git executable to use.  By default set to "$GIT_BINDIR/git", which
-   in turn is by default set to "$(bindir)/git".  If you use git from binary
-   package, set this to "/usr/bin/git".  This can just be "git" if your
-   webserver has a sensible PATH.  If you have multiple git versions
-   installed it can be used to choose which one to use.
- * $version
-   Gitweb version, set automatically when creating gitweb.cgi from
-   gitweb.perl. You might want to modify it if you are running modified
-   gitweb.
- * $projectroot
-   Absolute filesystem path which will be prepended to project path;
-   the path to repository is $projectroot/$project.  Set to
-   $GITWEB_PROJECTROOT during installation.  This variable have to be
-   set correctly for gitweb to find repositories.
- * $projects_list
-   Source of projects list, either directory to scan, or text file
-   with list of repositories (in the "<URI-encoded repository path> SP
-   <URI-encoded repository owner>" line format; actually there can be
-   any sequence of whitespace in place of space (SP)).  Set to
-   $GITWEB_LIST during installation.  If empty, $projectroot is used
-   to scan for repositories.
- * $my_url, $my_uri
-   Full URL and absolute URL of gitweb script;
-   in earlier versions of gitweb you might have need to set those
-   variables, now there should be no need to do it.  See
-   $per_request_config if you need to set them still.
- * $base_url
-   Base URL for relative URLs in pages generated by gitweb,
-   (e.g. $logo, $favicon, @stylesheets if they are relative URLs),
-   needed and used only for URLs with nonempty PATH_INFO via
-   <base href="$base_url">.  Usually gitweb sets its value correctly,
-   and there is no need to set this variable, e.g. to $my_uri or "/".
-   See $per_request_config if you need to set it anyway.
- * $home_link
-   Target of the home link on top of all pages (the first part of view
-   "breadcrumbs").  By default set to absolute URI of a page ($my_uri).
- * @stylesheets
-   List of URIs of stylesheets (relative to base URI of a page). You
-   might specify more than one stylesheet, for example use gitweb.css
-   as base, with site specific modifications in separate stylesheet
-   to make it easier to upgrade gitweb. You can add 'site' stylesheet
-   for example by using
-      push @stylesheets, "gitweb-site.css";
-   in the gitweb config file.
- * $logo_url, $logo_label
-   URI and label (title) of GIT logo link (or your site logo, if you choose
-   to use different logo image). By default they point to git homepage;
-   in the past they pointed to git documentation at www.kernel.org.
- * $projects_list_description_width
-   The width (in characters) of the projects list "Description" column.
-   Longer descriptions will be cut (trying to cut at word boundary);
-   full description is available as 'title' attribute (usually shown on
-   mouseover).  By default set to 25, which might be too small if you
-   use long project descriptions.
- * $projects_list_group_categories
-   Enables the grouping of projects by category on the project list page.
-   The category of a project is determined by the $GIT_DIR/category
-   file or the 'gitweb.category' variable in its repository configuration.
-   Disabled by default.
- * $project_list_default_category
-   Default category for projects for which none is specified.  If set
-   to the empty string, such projects will remain uncategorized and
-   listed at the top, above categorized projects.
- * @git_base_url_list
-   List of git base URLs used for URL to where fetch project from, shown
-   in project summary page.  Full URL is "$git_base_url/$project".
-   You can setup multiple base URLs (for example one for  git:// protocol
-   access, and one for http:// "dumb" protocol access).  Note that per
-   repository configuration in 'cloneurl' file, or as values of gitweb.url
-   project config.
- * $default_blob_plain_mimetype
-   Default mimetype for blob_plain (raw) view, if mimetype checking
-   doesn't result in some other type; by default 'text/plain'.
- * $default_text_plain_charset
-   Default charset for text files. If not set, web server configuration
-   would be used.
- * $mimetypes_file
-   File to use for (filename extension based) guessing of MIME types before
-   trying /etc/mime.types. Path, if relative, is taken currently as
-   relative to the current git repository.
- * $fallback_encoding
-   Gitweb assumes this charset if line contains non-UTF-8 characters.
-   Fallback decoding is used without error checking, so it can be even
-   'utf-8'. Value must be valid encoding; see Encoding::Supported(3pm) man
-   page for a list.   By default 'latin1', aka. 'iso-8859-1'.
- * @diff_opts
-   Rename detection options for git-diff and git-diff-tree. By default
-   ('-M'); set it to ('-C') or ('-C', '-C') to also detect copies, or
-   set it to () if you don't want to have renames detection.
- * $prevent_xss
-   If true, some gitweb features are disabled to prevent content in
-   repositories from launching cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.  Set this
-   to true if you don't trust the content of your repositories. The default
-   is false.
- * $maxload
-   Used to set the maximum load that we will still respond to gitweb queries.
-   If server load exceed this value then return "503 Service Unavailable" error.
-   Server load is taken to be 0 if gitweb cannot determine its value.  Set it to
-   undefined value to turn it off.  The default is 300.
- * $highlight_bin
-   Path to the highlight executable to use (must be the one from
-   http://www.andre-simon.de due to assumptions about parameters and output).
-   Useful if highlight is not installed on your webserver's PATH.
-   [Default: highlight]
- * $per_request_config
-   If set to code reference, it would be run once per each request.  You can
-   set parts of configuration that change per session, e.g. by setting it to
-     sub { $ENV{GL_USER} = $cgi->remote_user || "gitweb"; }
-   Otherwise it is treated as boolean value: if true gitweb would process
-   config file once per request, if false it would process config file only
-   once.  Note: $my_url, $my_uri, and $base_url are overwritten with
-   their default values before every request, so if you want to change
-   them, be sure to set this variable to true or a code reference effecting
-   the desired changes.  The default is true.
-
-Projects list file format
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-Instead of having gitweb find repositories by scanning filesystem starting
-from $projectroot (or $projects_list, if it points to directory), you can
-provide list of projects by setting $projects_list to a text file with list
-of projects (and some additional info).  This file uses the following
-format:
-
-One record (for project / repository) per line, whitespace separated fields;
-does not support (at least for now) lines continuation (newline escaping).
-Leading and trailing whitespace are ignored, any run of whitespace can be
-used as field separator (rules for Perl's "split(' ', $line)").  Keyed by
-the first field, which is project name, i.e. path to repository GIT_DIR
-relative to $projectroot.  Fields use modified URI encoding, defined in
-RFC 3986, section 2.1 (Percent-Encoding), or rather "Query string encoding"
-(see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_string#URL_encoding), the difference
-being that SP (' ') can be encoded as '+' (and therefore '+' has to be also
-percent-encoded).  Reserved characters are: '%' (used for encoding), '+'
-(can be used to encode SPACE), all whitespace characters as defined in Perl,
-including SP, TAB and LF, (used to separate fields in a record).
-
-Currently list of fields is
- * <repository path>  - path to repository GIT_DIR, relative to $projectroot
- * <repository owner> - displayed as repository owner, preferably full name,
-                        or email, or both
-
-You can additionally use $projects_list file to limit which repositories
-are visible, and together with $strict_export to limit access to
-repositories (see "Gitweb repositories" section in gitweb/INSTALL).
-
-
-Per-repository gitweb configuration
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-You can also configure individual repositories shown in gitweb by creating
-file in the GIT_DIR of git repository, or by setting some repo configuration
-variable (in GIT_DIR/config).
-
-You can use the following files in repository:
- * README.html
-   A .html file (HTML fragment) which is included on the gitweb project
-   summary page inside <div> block element. You can use it for longer
-   description of a project, to provide links (for example to project's
-   homepage), etc. This is recognized only if XSS prevention is off
-   ($prevent_xss is false); a way to include a readme safely when XSS
-   prevention is on may be worked out in the future.
- * description (or gitweb.description)
-   Short (shortened by default to 25 characters in the projects list page)
-   single line description of a project (of a repository). Plain text file;
-   HTML will be escaped. By default set to
-     Unnamed repository; edit this file to name it for gitweb.
-   from the template during repository creation. You can use the
-   gitweb.description repo configuration variable, but the file takes
-   precedence.
- * category (or gitweb.category)
-   Singe line category of a project, used to group projects if
-   $projects_list_group_categories is enabled. By default (file and
-   configuration variable absent), uncategorized projects are put in
-   the $project_list_default_category category. You can use the
-   gitweb.category repo configuration variable, but the file takes
-   precedence.
- * cloneurl (or multiple-valued gitweb.url)
-   File with repository URL (used for clone and fetch), one per line.
-   Displayed in the project summary page. You can use multiple-valued
-   gitweb.url repository configuration variable for that, but the file
-   takes precedence.
- * gitweb.owner
-   You can use the gitweb.owner repository configuration variable to set
-   repository's owner. It is displayed in the project list and summary
-   page. If it's not set, filesystem directory's owner is used
-   (via GECOS field / real name field from getpwiud(3)).
- * various gitweb.* config variables (in config)
-   Read description of %feature hash for detailed list, and some
-   descriptions.
-
-
-Webserver configuration
------------------------
-
-If you want to have one URL for both gitweb and your http://
-repositories, you can configure apache like this:
-
-<VirtualHost *:80>
-    ServerName		git.example.org
-    DocumentRoot	/pub/git
-    SetEnv			GITWEB_CONFIG	/etc/gitweb.conf
-
-    # turning on mod rewrite
-    RewriteEngine on
-
-    # make the front page an internal rewrite to the gitweb script
-    RewriteRule ^/$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi
-
-    # make access for "dumb clients" work
-    RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]
-</VirtualHost>
-
-The above configuration expects your public repositories to live under
-/pub/git and will serve them as http://git.domain.org/dir-under-pub-git,
-both as cloneable GIT URL and as browseable gitweb interface.
-If you then start your git-daemon with --base-path=/pub/git --export-all
-then you can even use the git:// URL with exactly the same path.
-
-Setting the environment variable GITWEB_CONFIG will tell gitweb to use
-the named file (i.e. in this example /etc/gitweb.conf) as a
-configuration for gitweb.  Perl variables defined in here will
-override the defaults given at the head of the gitweb.perl (or
-gitweb.cgi).  Look at the comments in that file for information on
-which variables and what they mean.
-
-If you use the rewrite rules from the example you'll likely also need
-something like the following in your gitweb.conf (or gitweb_config.perl) file:
-
-  @stylesheets = ("/some/absolute/path/gitweb.css");
-  $my_uri = "/";
-  $home_link = "/";
-
-
-Webserver configuration with multiple projects' root
-----------------------------------------------------
-
-If you want to use gitweb with several project roots you can edit your apache
-virtual host and gitweb.conf configuration files like this :
-
-virtual host configuration :
-
-<VirtualHost *:80>
-    ServerName			git.example.org
-    DocumentRoot		/pub/git
-    SetEnv				GITWEB_CONFIG	/etc/gitweb.conf
-
-    # turning on mod rewrite
-    RewriteEngine on
-
-    # make the front page an internal rewrite to the gitweb script
-    RewriteRule ^/$ 		/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi [QSA,L,PT]
-
-    # look for a public_git folder in unix users' home
-    # http://git.example.org/~<user>/
-    RewriteRule ^/\~([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]
-
-    # http://git.example.org/+<user>/
-    #RewriteRule ^/\+([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]
-
-    # http://git.example.org/user/<user>/
-    #RewriteRule ^/user/([^\/]+)/(gitweb.cgi)?$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]
-
-    # defined list of project roots
-    RewriteRule ^/scm(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$		/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/pub/scm/,L,PT]
-    RewriteRule ^/var(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$		/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/var/git/,L,PT]
-
-    # make access for "dumb clients" work
-    RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]
-</VirtualHost>
-
-gitweb.conf configuration :
-
-$projectroot = $ENV{'GITWEB_PROJECTROOT'} || "/pub/git";
-
-These configurations enable two things. First, each unix user (<user>) of the
-server will be able to browse through gitweb git repositories found in
-~/public_git/ with the following url : http://git.example.org/~<user>/
-
-If you do not want this feature on your server just remove the second rewrite rule.
-
-If you already use mod_userdir in your virtual host or you don't want to use
-the '~' as first character just comment or remove the second rewrite rule and
-uncomment one of the following according to what you want.
-
-Second, repositories found in /pub/scm/ and /var/git/ will be accesible
-through http://git.example.org/scm/ and http://git.example.org/var/.
-You can add as many project roots as you want by adding rewrite rules like the
-third and the fourth.
-
-
-PATH_INFO usage
------------------------
-If you enable PATH_INFO usage in gitweb by putting
-
-   $feature{'pathinfo'}{'default'} = [1];
-
-in your gitweb.conf, it is possible to set up your server so that it
-consumes and produces URLs in the form
-
-http://git.example.com/project.git/shortlog/sometag
-
-by using a configuration such as the following, that assumes that
-/var/www/gitweb is the DocumentRoot of your webserver, and that it
-contains the gitweb.cgi script and complementary static files
-(stylesheet, favicon):
-
-<VirtualHost *:80>
-	ServerAlias git.example.com
-
-	DocumentRoot /var/www/gitweb
-
-	<Directory /var/www/gitweb>
-		Options ExecCGI
-		AddHandler cgi-script cgi
-
-		DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
-
-		RewriteEngine On
-		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
-		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
-		RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]
-	</Directory>
-</VirtualHost>
-
-The rewrite rule guarantees that existing static files will be properly
-served, whereas any other URL will be passed to gitweb as PATH_INFO
-parameter.
-
-Notice that in this case you don't need special settings for
-@stylesheets, $my_uri and $home_link, but you lose "dumb client" access
-to your project .git dirs. A possible workaround for the latter is the
-following: in your project root dir (e.g. /pub/git) have the projects
-named without a .git extension (e.g. /pub/git/project instead of
-/pub/git/project.git) and configure Apache as follows:
-
-<VirtualHost *:80>
-	ServerAlias git.example.com
-
-	DocumentRoot /var/www/gitweb
-
-	AliasMatch ^(/.*?)(\.git)(/.*)?$ /pub/git$1$3
-	<Directory /var/www/gitweb>
-		Options ExecCGI
-		AddHandler cgi-script cgi
-
-		DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
-
-		RewriteEngine On
-		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
-		RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
-		RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]
-	</Directory>
-</VirtualHost>
-
-The additional AliasMatch makes it so that
-
-http://git.example.com/project.git
-
-will give raw access to the project's git dir (so that the project can
-be cloned), while
-
-http://git.example.com/project
-
-will provide human-friendly gitweb access.
-
-This solution is not 100% bulletproof, in the sense that if some project
-has a named ref (branch, tag) starting with 'git/', then paths such as
-
-http://git.example.com/project/command/abranch..git/abranch
-
-will fail with a 404 error.
-
-
-
+AUTHORS
+-------
 Originally written by:
   Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
 
diff --git a/gitweb/gitweb.perl b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
index a95226e..874023a 100755
--- a/gitweb/gitweb.perl
+++ b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
@@ -85,6 +85,8 @@
 our $site_name = "++GITWEB_SITENAME++"
                  || ($ENV{'SERVER_NAME'} || "Untitled") . " Git";
 
+# html snippet to include in the <head> section of each page
+our $site_html_head_string = "++GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING++";
 # filename of html text to include at top of each page
 our $site_header = "++GITWEB_SITE_HEADER++";
 # html text to include at home page
@@ -1440,8 +1442,8 @@
 sub to_utf8 {
 	my $str = shift;
 	return undef unless defined $str;
-	if (utf8::valid($str)) {
-		utf8::decode($str);
+
+	if (utf8::is_utf8($str) || utf8::decode($str)) {
 		return $str;
 	} else {
 		return decode($fallback_encoding, $str, Encode::FB_DEFAULT);
@@ -1693,6 +1695,7 @@
 	my ($str) = @_;
 
 	my $chopped = chop_str(@_);
+	$str = to_utf8($str);
 	if ($chopped eq $str) {
 		return esc_html($chopped);
 	} else {
@@ -3879,6 +3882,11 @@
 		print "<base href=\"".esc_url($base_url)."\" />\n";
 	}
 	print_header_links($status);
+
+	if (defined $site_html_head_string) {
+		print to_utf8($site_html_head_string);
+	}
+
 	print "</head>\n" .
 	      "<body>\n";
 
@@ -6100,7 +6108,9 @@
 			-type=>"text/plain", -charset => "utf-8",
 			-status=> "200 OK");
 		local $| = 1; # output autoflush
-		print while <$fd>;
+		while (my $line = <$fd>) {
+			print to_utf8($line);
+		}
 		close $fd
 			or print "ERROR $!\n";
 
@@ -7692,11 +7702,12 @@
 		-charset => 'utf-8',
 		-content_disposition => 'inline; filename="opml.xml"');
 
+	my $title = esc_html($site_name);
 	print <<XML;
 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 <opml version="1.0">
 <head>
-  <title>$site_name OPML Export</title>
+  <title>$title OPML Export</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <outline text="git RSS feeds">
diff --git a/hex.c b/hex.c
index bb402fb..9ebc050 100644
--- a/hex.c
+++ b/hex.c
@@ -39,7 +39,15 @@
 {
 	int i;
 	for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
-		unsigned int val = (hexval(hex[0]) << 4) | hexval(hex[1]);
+		unsigned int val;
+		/*
+		 * hex[1]=='\0' is caught when val is checked below,
+		 * but if hex[0] is NUL we have to avoid reading
+		 * past the end of the string:
+		 */
+		if (!hex[0])
+			return -1;
+		val = (hexval(hex[0]) << 4) | hexval(hex[1]);
 		if (val & ~0xff)
 			return -1;
 		*sha1++ = val;
diff --git a/http-fetch.c b/http-fetch.c
index 8c4c5d2..94d47cb 100644
--- a/http-fetch.c
+++ b/http-fetch.c
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@
 
 	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
 
-	http_init(NULL);
+	http_init(NULL, url, 0);
 	walker = get_http_walker(url);
 	walker->get_tree = get_tree;
 	walker->get_history = get_history;
diff --git a/http-push.c b/http-push.c
index 44f814c..cdfdd4f 100644
--- a/http-push.c
+++ b/http-push.c
@@ -1747,7 +1747,6 @@
 	int i;
 	int new_refs;
 	struct ref *ref, *local_refs;
-	struct remote *remote;
 
 	git_extract_argv0_path(argv[0]);
 
@@ -1821,14 +1820,7 @@
 
 	memset(remote_dir_exists, -1, 256);
 
-	/*
-	 * Create a minimum remote by hand to give to http_init(),
-	 * primarily to allow it to look at the URL.
-	 */
-	remote = xcalloc(sizeof(*remote), 1);
-	ALLOC_GROW(remote->url, remote->url_nr + 1, remote->url_alloc);
-	remote->url[remote->url_nr++] = repo->url;
-	http_init(remote);
+	http_init(NULL, repo->url, 1);
 
 #ifdef USE_CURL_MULTI
 	is_running_queue = 0;
@@ -1877,8 +1869,8 @@
 	}
 
 	/* match them up */
-	if (match_refs(local_refs, &remote_refs,
-		       nr_refspec, (const char **) refspec, push_all)) {
+	if (match_push_refs(local_refs, &remote_refs,
+			    nr_refspec, (const char **) refspec, push_all)) {
 		rc = -1;
 		goto cleanup;
 	}
diff --git a/http.c b/http.c
index fb3465f..5a10473 100644
--- a/http.c
+++ b/http.c
@@ -4,7 +4,6 @@
 #include "run-command.h"
 #include "url.h"
 
-int data_received;
 int active_requests;
 int http_is_verbose;
 size_t http_post_buffer = 16 * LARGE_PACKET_MAX;
@@ -42,7 +41,8 @@
 static int curl_ftp_no_epsv;
 static const char *curl_http_proxy;
 static const char *curl_cookie_file;
-static char *user_name, *user_pass;
+static char *user_name, *user_pass, *description;
+static int http_proactive_auth;
 static const char *user_agent;
 
 #if LIBCURL_VERSION_NUM >= 0x071700
@@ -99,13 +99,11 @@
 	struct strbuf *buffer = buffer_;
 
 	strbuf_add(buffer, ptr, size);
-	data_received++;
 	return size;
 }
 
 size_t fwrite_null(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf)
 {
-	data_received++;
 	return eltsize * nmemb;
 }
 
@@ -139,6 +137,27 @@
 }
 #endif
 
+static char *git_getpass_with_description(const char *what, const char *desc)
+{
+	struct strbuf prompt = STRBUF_INIT;
+	char *r;
+
+	if (desc)
+		strbuf_addf(&prompt, "%s for '%s': ", what, desc);
+	else
+		strbuf_addf(&prompt, "%s: ", what);
+	/*
+	 * NEEDSWORK: for usernames, we should do something less magical that
+	 * actually echoes the characters. However, we need to read from
+	 * /dev/tty and not stdio, which is not portable (but getpass will do
+	 * it for us). http.c uses the same workaround.
+	 */
+	r = git_getpass(prompt.buf);
+
+	strbuf_release(&prompt);
+	return xstrdup(r);
+}
+
 static int http_options(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
 {
 	if (!strcmp("http.sslverify", var)) {
@@ -214,7 +233,7 @@
 	if (user_name) {
 		struct strbuf up = STRBUF_INIT;
 		if (!user_pass)
-			user_pass = xstrdup(git_getpass("Password: "));
+			user_pass = xstrdup(git_getpass_with_description("Password", description));
 		strbuf_addf(&up, "%s:%s", user_name, user_pass);
 		curl_easy_setopt(result, CURLOPT_USERPWD,
 				 strbuf_detach(&up, NULL));
@@ -229,7 +248,7 @@
 		return 0;
 	/* Only prompt the user once. */
 	ssl_cert_password_required = -1;
-	ssl_cert_password = git_getpass("Certificate Password: ");
+	ssl_cert_password = git_getpass_with_description("Certificate Password", description);
 	if (ssl_cert_password != NULL) {
 		ssl_cert_password = xstrdup(ssl_cert_password);
 		return 1;
@@ -258,7 +277,8 @@
 	curl_easy_setopt(result, CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH, CURLAUTH_ANY);
 #endif
 
-	init_curl_http_auth(result);
+	if (http_proactive_auth)
+		init_curl_http_auth(result);
 
 	if (ssl_cert != NULL)
 		curl_easy_setopt(result, CURLOPT_SSLCERT, ssl_cert);
@@ -307,8 +327,7 @@
 
 static void http_auth_init(const char *url)
 {
-	char *at, *colon, *cp, *slash, *decoded;
-	int len;
+	const char *at, *colon, *cp, *slash, *host;
 
 	cp = strstr(url, "://");
 	if (!cp)
@@ -324,34 +343,22 @@
 	at = strchr(cp, '@');
 	colon = strchr(cp, ':');
 	slash = strchrnul(cp, '/');
-	if (!at || slash <= at)
-		return; /* No credentials */
-	if (!colon || at <= colon) {
-		/* Only username */
-		len = at - cp;
-		user_name = xmalloc(len + 1);
-		memcpy(user_name, cp, len);
-		user_name[len] = '\0';
-		decoded = url_decode(user_name);
-		free(user_name);
-		user_name = decoded;
-		user_pass = NULL;
-	} else {
-		len = colon - cp;
-		user_name = xmalloc(len + 1);
-		memcpy(user_name, cp, len);
-		user_name[len] = '\0';
-		decoded = url_decode(user_name);
-		free(user_name);
-		user_name = decoded;
-		len = at - (colon + 1);
-		user_pass = xmalloc(len + 1);
-		memcpy(user_pass, colon + 1, len);
-		user_pass[len] = '\0';
-		decoded = url_decode(user_pass);
-		free(user_pass);
-		user_pass = decoded;
+	if (!at || slash <= at) {
+		/* No credentials, but we may have to ask for some later */
+		host = cp;
 	}
+	else if (!colon || at <= colon) {
+		/* Only username */
+		user_name = url_decode_mem(cp, at - cp);
+		user_pass = NULL;
+		host = at + 1;
+	} else {
+		user_name = url_decode_mem(cp, colon - cp);
+		user_pass = url_decode_mem(colon + 1, at - (colon + 1));
+		host = at + 1;
+	}
+
+	description = url_decode_mem(host, slash - host);
 }
 
 static void set_from_env(const char **var, const char *envname)
@@ -361,7 +368,7 @@
 		*var = val;
 }
 
-void http_init(struct remote *remote)
+void http_init(struct remote *remote, const char *url, int proactive_auth)
 {
 	char *low_speed_limit;
 	char *low_speed_time;
@@ -372,6 +379,8 @@
 
 	curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);
 
+	http_proactive_auth = proactive_auth;
+
 	if (remote && remote->http_proxy)
 		curl_http_proxy = xstrdup(remote->http_proxy);
 
@@ -425,11 +434,11 @@
 	if (getenv("GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV"))
 		curl_ftp_no_epsv = 1;
 
-	if (remote && remote->url && remote->url[0]) {
-		http_auth_init(remote->url[0]);
+	if (url) {
+		http_auth_init(url);
 		if (!ssl_cert_password_required &&
 		    getenv("GIT_SSL_CERT_PASSWORD_PROTECTED") &&
-		    !prefixcmp(remote->url[0], "https://"))
+		    !prefixcmp(url, "https://"))
 			ssl_cert_password_required = 1;
 	}
 
@@ -530,7 +539,6 @@
 
 	active_requests++;
 	slot->in_use = 1;
-	slot->local = NULL;
 	slot->results = NULL;
 	slot->finished = NULL;
 	slot->callback_data = NULL;
@@ -634,8 +642,6 @@
 void run_active_slot(struct active_request_slot *slot)
 {
 #ifdef USE_CURL_MULTI
-	long last_pos = 0;
-	long current_pos;
 	fd_set readfds;
 	fd_set writefds;
 	fd_set excfds;
@@ -645,25 +651,33 @@
 
 	slot->finished = &finished;
 	while (!finished) {
-		data_received = 0;
 		step_active_slots();
 
-		if (!data_received && slot->local != NULL) {
-			current_pos = ftell(slot->local);
-			if (current_pos > last_pos)
-				data_received++;
-			last_pos = current_pos;
-		}
+		if (slot->in_use) {
+#if LIBCURL_VERSION_NUM >= 0x070f04
+			long curl_timeout;
+			curl_multi_timeout(curlm, &curl_timeout);
+			if (curl_timeout == 0) {
+				continue;
+			} else if (curl_timeout == -1) {
+				select_timeout.tv_sec  = 0;
+				select_timeout.tv_usec = 50000;
+			} else {
+				select_timeout.tv_sec  =  curl_timeout / 1000;
+				select_timeout.tv_usec = (curl_timeout % 1000) * 1000;
+			}
+#else
+			select_timeout.tv_sec  = 0;
+			select_timeout.tv_usec = 50000;
+#endif
 
-		if (slot->in_use && !data_received) {
-			max_fd = 0;
+			max_fd = -1;
 			FD_ZERO(&readfds);
 			FD_ZERO(&writefds);
 			FD_ZERO(&excfds);
-			select_timeout.tv_sec = 0;
-			select_timeout.tv_usec = 50000;
-			select(max_fd, &readfds, &writefds,
-			       &excfds, &select_timeout);
+			curl_multi_fdset(curlm, &readfds, &writefds, &excfds, &max_fd);
+
+			select(max_fd+1, &readfds, &writefds, &excfds, &select_timeout);
 		}
 	}
 #else
@@ -741,14 +755,6 @@
 	return 1;
 }
 
-static inline int hex(int v)
-{
-	if (v < 10)
-		return '0' + v;
-	else
-		return 'A' + v - 10;
-}
-
 static char *quote_ref_url(const char *base, const char *ref)
 {
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
@@ -816,7 +822,6 @@
 				headers = curl_slist_append(headers, buf.buf);
 				strbuf_reset(&buf);
 			}
-			slot->local = result;
 		} else
 			curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION,
 					 fwrite_buffer);
@@ -838,7 +843,7 @@
 		else if (missing_target(&results))
 			ret = HTTP_MISSING_TARGET;
 		else if (results.http_code == 401) {
-			if (user_name) {
+			if (user_name && user_pass) {
 				ret = HTTP_NOAUTH;
 			} else {
 				/*
@@ -847,7 +852,8 @@
 				 * but that is non-portable.  Using git_getpass() can at least be stubbed
 				 * on other platforms with a different implementation if/when necessary.
 				 */
-				user_name = xstrdup(git_getpass("Username: "));
+				if (!user_name)
+					user_name = xstrdup(git_getpass_with_description("Username", description));
 				init_curl_http_auth(slot->curl);
 				ret = HTTP_REAUTH;
 			}
@@ -863,20 +869,24 @@
 		ret = HTTP_START_FAILED;
 	}
 
-	slot->local = NULL;
 	curl_slist_free_all(headers);
 	strbuf_release(&buf);
 
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int http_request_reauth(const char *url, void *result, int target,
+			       int options)
+{
+	int ret = http_request(url, result, target, options);
+	if (ret != HTTP_REAUTH)
+		return ret;
+	return http_request(url, result, target, options);
+}
+
 int http_get_strbuf(const char *url, struct strbuf *result, int options)
 {
-	int http_ret = http_request(url, result, HTTP_REQUEST_STRBUF, options);
-	if (http_ret == HTTP_REAUTH) {
-		http_ret = http_request(url, result, HTTP_REQUEST_STRBUF, options);
-	}
-	return http_ret;
+	return http_request_reauth(url, result, HTTP_REQUEST_STRBUF, options);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -899,7 +909,7 @@
 		goto cleanup;
 	}
 
-	ret = http_request(url, result, HTTP_REQUEST_FILE, options);
+	ret = http_request_reauth(url, result, HTTP_REQUEST_FILE, options);
 	fclose(result);
 
 	if ((ret == HTTP_OK) && move_temp_to_file(tmpfile.buf, filename))
@@ -1053,7 +1063,6 @@
 	if (preq->packfile != NULL) {
 		fclose(preq->packfile);
 		preq->packfile = NULL;
-		preq->slot->local = NULL;
 	}
 	if (preq->range_header != NULL) {
 		curl_slist_free_all(preq->range_header);
@@ -1075,7 +1084,6 @@
 
 	fclose(preq->packfile);
 	preq->packfile = NULL;
-	preq->slot->local = NULL;
 
 	lst = preq->lst;
 	while (*lst != p)
@@ -1144,7 +1152,6 @@
 	}
 
 	preq->slot = get_active_slot();
-	preq->slot->local = preq->packfile;
 	curl_easy_setopt(preq->slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, preq->packfile);
 	curl_easy_setopt(preq->slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite);
 	curl_easy_setopt(preq->slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, preq->url);
@@ -1201,7 +1208,6 @@
 		git_SHA1_Update(&freq->c, expn,
 				sizeof(expn) - freq->stream.avail_out);
 	} while (freq->stream.avail_in && freq->zret == Z_OK);
-	data_received++;
 	return size;
 }
 
diff --git a/http.h b/http.h
index 0bf8592..0b61653 100644
--- a/http.h
+++ b/http.h
@@ -49,7 +49,6 @@
 
 struct active_request_slot {
 	CURL *curl;
-	FILE *local;
 	int in_use;
 	CURLcode curl_result;
 	long http_code;
@@ -86,10 +85,10 @@
 extern void step_active_slots(void);
 #endif
 
-extern void http_init(struct remote *remote);
+extern void http_init(struct remote *remote, const char *url,
+		      int proactive_auth);
 extern void http_cleanup(void);
 
-extern int data_received;
 extern int active_requests;
 extern int http_is_verbose;
 extern size_t http_post_buffer;
diff --git a/ident.c b/ident.c
index 35a6f26..f619619 100644
--- a/ident.c
+++ b/ident.c
@@ -50,6 +50,54 @@
 
 }
 
+static int add_mailname_host(char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	FILE *mailname;
+
+	mailname = fopen("/etc/mailname", "r");
+	if (!mailname) {
+		if (errno != ENOENT)
+			warning("cannot open /etc/mailname: %s",
+				strerror(errno));
+		return -1;
+	}
+	if (!fgets(buf, len, mailname)) {
+		if (ferror(mailname))
+			warning("cannot read /etc/mailname: %s",
+				strerror(errno));
+		fclose(mailname);
+		return -1;
+	}
+	/* success! */
+	fclose(mailname);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void add_domainname(char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	struct hostent *he;
+	size_t namelen;
+	const char *domainname;
+
+	if (gethostname(buf, len)) {
+		warning("cannot get host name: %s", strerror(errno));
+		strlcpy(buf, "(none)", len);
+		return;
+	}
+	namelen = strlen(buf);
+	if (memchr(buf, '.', namelen))
+		return;
+
+	he = gethostbyname(buf);
+	buf[namelen++] = '.';
+	buf += namelen;
+	len -= namelen;
+	if (he && (domainname = strchr(he->h_name, '.')))
+		strlcpy(buf, domainname + 1, len);
+	else
+		strlcpy(buf, "(none)", len);
+}
+
 static void copy_email(const struct passwd *pw)
 {
 	/*
@@ -61,35 +109,29 @@
 		die("Your sysadmin must hate you!");
 	memcpy(git_default_email, pw->pw_name, len);
 	git_default_email[len++] = '@';
-	gethostname(git_default_email + len, sizeof(git_default_email) - len);
-	if (!strchr(git_default_email+len, '.')) {
-		struct hostent *he = gethostbyname(git_default_email + len);
-		char *domainname;
 
-		len = strlen(git_default_email);
-		git_default_email[len++] = '.';
-		if (he && (domainname = strchr(he->h_name, '.')))
-			strlcpy(git_default_email + len, domainname + 1,
-				sizeof(git_default_email) - len);
-		else
-			strlcpy(git_default_email + len, "(none)",
-				sizeof(git_default_email) - len);
-	}
+	if (!add_mailname_host(git_default_email + len,
+				sizeof(git_default_email) - len))
+		return;	/* read from "/etc/mailname" (Debian) */
+	add_domainname(git_default_email + len,
+			sizeof(git_default_email) - len);
 }
 
-static void setup_ident(void)
+static void setup_ident(const char **name, const char **emailp)
 {
 	struct passwd *pw = NULL;
 
 	/* Get the name ("gecos") */
-	if (!git_default_name[0]) {
+	if (!*name && !git_default_name[0]) {
 		pw = getpwuid(getuid());
 		if (!pw)
 			die("You don't exist. Go away!");
 		copy_gecos(pw, git_default_name, sizeof(git_default_name));
 	}
+	if (!*name)
+		*name = git_default_name;
 
-	if (!git_default_email[0]) {
+	if (!*emailp && !git_default_email[0]) {
 		const char *email = getenv("EMAIL");
 
 		if (email && email[0]) {
@@ -104,6 +146,8 @@
 			copy_email(pw);
 		}
 	}
+	if (!*emailp)
+		*emailp = git_default_email;
 
 	/* And set the default date */
 	if (!git_default_date[0])
@@ -199,11 +243,7 @@
 	int warn_on_no_name = (flag & IDENT_WARN_ON_NO_NAME);
 	int name_addr_only = (flag & IDENT_NO_DATE);
 
-	setup_ident();
-	if (!name)
-		name = git_default_name;
-	if (!email)
-		email = git_default_email;
+	setup_ident(&name, &email);
 
 	if (!*name) {
 		struct passwd *pw;
diff --git a/imap-send.c b/imap-send.c
index e1ad1a4..80e0e8c 100644
--- a/imap-send.c
+++ b/imap-send.c
@@ -161,7 +161,6 @@
 struct imap_store_conf {
 	struct store_conf gen;
 	struct imap_server_conf *server;
-	unsigned use_namespace:1;
 };
 
 #define NIL	(void *)0x1
diff --git a/kwset.c b/kwset.c
index 956ae72..51b2ab6 100644
--- a/kwset.c
+++ b/kwset.c
@@ -674,7 +674,7 @@
      copy of the preceding main search loops. */
   if (lim - mch > kwset->maxd)
     lim = mch + kwset->maxd;
-  lmch = 0;
+  lmch = NULL;
   d = 1;
   while (lim - end >= d)
     {
diff --git a/list-objects.c b/list-objects.c
index 0fb44e7..3dd4a96 100644
--- a/list-objects.c
+++ b/list-objects.c
@@ -12,7 +12,8 @@
 			 struct blob *blob,
 			 show_object_fn show,
 			 struct name_path *path,
-			 const char *name)
+			 const char *name,
+			 void *cb_data)
 {
 	struct object *obj = &blob->object;
 
@@ -23,7 +24,7 @@
 	if (obj->flags & (UNINTERESTING | SEEN))
 		return;
 	obj->flags |= SEEN;
-	show(obj, path, name);
+	show(obj, path, name, cb_data);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -52,7 +53,8 @@
 			    const unsigned char *sha1,
 			    show_object_fn show,
 			    struct name_path *path,
-			    const char *name)
+			    const char *name,
+			    void *cb_data)
 {
 	/* Nothing to do */
 }
@@ -62,13 +64,15 @@
 			 show_object_fn show,
 			 struct name_path *path,
 			 struct strbuf *base,
-			 const char *name)
+			 const char *name,
+			 void *cb_data)
 {
 	struct object *obj = &tree->object;
 	struct tree_desc desc;
 	struct name_entry entry;
 	struct name_path me;
-	int match = revs->diffopt.pathspec.nr == 0 ? 2 : 0;
+	enum interesting match = revs->diffopt.pathspec.nr == 0 ?
+		all_entries_interesting: entry_not_interesting;
 	int baselen = base->len;
 
 	if (!revs->tree_objects)
@@ -80,7 +84,7 @@
 	if (parse_tree(tree) < 0)
 		die("bad tree object %s", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
 	obj->flags |= SEEN;
-	show(obj, path, name);
+	show(obj, path, name, cb_data);
 	me.up = path;
 	me.elem = name;
 	me.elem_len = strlen(name);
@@ -94,26 +98,29 @@
 	init_tree_desc(&desc, tree->buffer, tree->size);
 
 	while (tree_entry(&desc, &entry)) {
-		if (match != 2) {
+		if (match != all_entries_interesting) {
 			match = tree_entry_interesting(&entry, base, 0,
 						       &revs->diffopt.pathspec);
-			if (match < 0)
+			if (match == all_entries_not_interesting)
 				break;
-			if (match == 0)
+			if (match == entry_not_interesting)
 				continue;
 		}
 
 		if (S_ISDIR(entry.mode))
 			process_tree(revs,
 				     lookup_tree(entry.sha1),
-				     show, &me, base, entry.path);
+				     show, &me, base, entry.path,
+				     cb_data);
 		else if (S_ISGITLINK(entry.mode))
 			process_gitlink(revs, entry.sha1,
-					show, &me, entry.path);
+					show, &me, entry.path,
+					cb_data);
 		else
 			process_blob(revs,
 				     lookup_blob(entry.sha1),
-				     show, &me, entry.path);
+				     show, &me, entry.path,
+				     cb_data);
 	}
 	strbuf_setlen(base, baselen);
 	free(tree->buffer);
@@ -185,17 +192,17 @@
 			continue;
 		if (obj->type == OBJ_TAG) {
 			obj->flags |= SEEN;
-			show_object(obj, NULL, name);
+			show_object(obj, NULL, name, data);
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (obj->type == OBJ_TREE) {
 			process_tree(revs, (struct tree *)obj, show_object,
-				     NULL, &base, name);
+				     NULL, &base, name, data);
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (obj->type == OBJ_BLOB) {
 			process_blob(revs, (struct blob *)obj, show_object,
-				     NULL, name);
+				     NULL, name, data);
 			continue;
 		}
 		die("unknown pending object %s (%s)",
diff --git a/list-objects.h b/list-objects.h
index d65dbf0..3db7bb6 100644
--- a/list-objects.h
+++ b/list-objects.h
@@ -2,11 +2,10 @@
 #define LIST_OBJECTS_H
 
 typedef void (*show_commit_fn)(struct commit *, void *);
-typedef void (*show_object_fn)(struct object *, const struct name_path *, const char *);
-typedef void (*show_edge_fn)(struct commit *);
-
+typedef void (*show_object_fn)(struct object *, const struct name_path *, const char *, void *);
 void traverse_commit_list(struct rev_info *, show_commit_fn, show_object_fn, void *);
 
+typedef void (*show_edge_fn)(struct commit *);
 void mark_edges_uninteresting(struct commit_list *, struct rev_info *, show_edge_fn);
 
 #endif
diff --git a/log-tree.c b/log-tree.c
index 24c295e..e7694a3 100644
--- a/log-tree.c
+++ b/log-tree.c
@@ -165,6 +165,14 @@
 	}
 }
 
+static void show_children(struct rev_info *opt, struct commit *commit, int abbrev)
+{
+	struct commit_list *p = lookup_decoration(&opt->children, &commit->object);
+	for ( ; p; p = p->next) {
+		printf(" %s", find_unique_abbrev(p->item->object.sha1, abbrev));
+	}
+}
+
 void show_decorations(struct rev_info *opt, struct commit *commit)
 {
 	const char *prefix;
@@ -414,6 +422,8 @@
 		fputs(find_unique_abbrev(commit->object.sha1, abbrev_commit), stdout);
 		if (opt->print_parents)
 			show_parents(commit, abbrev_commit);
+		if (opt->children.name)
+			show_children(opt, commit, abbrev_commit);
 		show_decorations(opt, commit);
 		if (opt->graph && !graph_is_commit_finished(opt->graph)) {
 			putchar('\n');
@@ -473,6 +483,8 @@
 		      stdout);
 		if (opt->print_parents)
 			show_parents(commit, abbrev_commit);
+		if (opt->children.name)
+			show_children(opt, commit, abbrev_commit);
 		if (parent)
 			printf(" (from %s)",
 			       find_unique_abbrev(parent->object.sha1,
diff --git a/merge-recursive.c b/merge-recursive.c
index c34a4f1..cc664c3 100644
--- a/merge-recursive.c
+++ b/merge-recursive.c
@@ -946,8 +946,10 @@
 			free(result_buf.ptr);
 			result.clean = (merge_status == 0);
 		} else if (S_ISGITLINK(a->mode)) {
-			result.clean = merge_submodule(result.sha, one->path, one->sha1,
-						       a->sha1, b->sha1);
+			result.clean = merge_submodule(result.sha,
+						       one->path, one->sha1,
+						       a->sha1, b->sha1,
+						       !o->call_depth);
 		} else if (S_ISLNK(a->mode)) {
 			hashcpy(result.sha, a->sha1);
 
diff --git a/mergetools/bc3 b/mergetools/bc3
index 27b3dd4..b6319d2 100644
--- a/mergetools/bc3
+++ b/mergetools/bc3
@@ -16,5 +16,10 @@
 }
 
 translate_merge_tool_path() {
-	echo bcompare
+	if type bcomp >/dev/null 2>/dev/null
+	then
+		echo bcomp
+	else
+		echo bcompare
+	fi
 }
diff --git a/name-hash.c b/name-hash.c
index c6b6a3f..d8d25c2 100644
--- a/name-hash.c
+++ b/name-hash.c
@@ -57,12 +57,10 @@
 		if (*ptr == '/') {
 			++ptr;
 			hash = hash_name(ce->name, ptr - ce->name);
-			if (!lookup_hash(hash, &istate->name_hash)) {
-				pos = insert_hash(hash, ce, &istate->name_hash);
-				if (pos) {
-					ce->next = *pos;
-					*pos = ce;
-				}
+			pos = insert_hash(hash, ce, &istate->name_hash);
+			if (pos) {
+				ce->dir_next = *pos;
+				*pos = ce;
 			}
 		}
 	}
@@ -76,7 +74,7 @@
 	if (ce->ce_flags & CE_HASHED)
 		return;
 	ce->ce_flags |= CE_HASHED;
-	ce->next = NULL;
+	ce->next = ce->dir_next = NULL;
 	hash = hash_name(ce->name, ce_namelen(ce));
 	pos = insert_hash(hash, ce, &istate->name_hash);
 	if (pos) {
@@ -166,7 +164,10 @@
 			if (same_name(ce, name, namelen, icase))
 				return ce;
 		}
-		ce = ce->next;
+		if (icase && name[namelen - 1] == '/')
+			ce = ce->dir_next;
+		else
+			ce = ce->next;
 	}
 
 	/*
diff --git a/notes-merge.c b/notes-merge.c
index d0e5034..ce10aac 100644
--- a/notes-merge.c
+++ b/notes-merge.c
@@ -575,7 +575,8 @@
 	/* Dereference o->local_ref into local_sha1 */
 	if (!resolve_ref(o->local_ref, local_sha1, 0, NULL))
 		die("Failed to resolve local notes ref '%s'", o->local_ref);
-	else if (!check_ref_format(o->local_ref) && is_null_sha1(local_sha1))
+	else if (!check_refname_format(o->local_ref, 0) &&
+		is_null_sha1(local_sha1))
 		local = NULL; /* local_sha1 == null_sha1 indicates unborn ref */
 	else if (!(local = lookup_commit_reference(local_sha1)))
 		die("Could not parse local commit %s (%s)",
@@ -588,7 +589,7 @@
 		 * Failed to get remote_sha1. If o->remote_ref looks like an
 		 * unborn ref, perform the merge using an empty notes tree.
 		 */
-		if (!check_ref_format(o->remote_ref)) {
+		if (!check_refname_format(o->remote_ref, 0)) {
 			hashclr(remote_sha1);
 			remote = NULL;
 		} else {
diff --git a/object.c b/object.c
index 31976b5..d8d09f9 100644
--- a/object.c
+++ b/object.c
@@ -149,6 +149,8 @@
 		struct tree *tree = lookup_tree(sha1);
 		if (tree) {
 			obj = &tree->object;
+			if (!tree->buffer)
+				tree->object.parsed = 0;
 			if (!tree->object.parsed) {
 				if (parse_tree_buffer(tree, buffer, size))
 					return NULL;
diff --git a/pack-refs.c b/pack-refs.c
index 1290570..23bbd00 100644
--- a/pack-refs.c
+++ b/pack-refs.c
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@
 	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) { /* refs/{heads,tags,...}/ */
 		while (*p && *p != '/')
 			p++;
-		/* tolerate duplicate slashes; see check_ref_format() */
+		/* tolerate duplicate slashes; see check_refname_format() */
 		while (*p == '/')
 			p++;
 	}
diff --git a/pack-write.c b/pack-write.c
index 9cd3bfb..f84adde 100644
--- a/pack-write.c
+++ b/pack-write.c
@@ -129,6 +129,10 @@
 		}
 		sha1write(f, obj->sha1, 20);
 		git_SHA1_Update(&ctx, obj->sha1, 20);
+		if ((opts->flags & WRITE_IDX_STRICT) &&
+		    (i && !hashcmp(list[-2]->sha1, obj->sha1)))
+			die("The same object %s appears twice in the pack",
+			    sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
 	}
 
 	if (index_version >= 2) {
diff --git a/pack.h b/pack.h
index 722a54e..aca4739 100644
--- a/pack.h
+++ b/pack.h
@@ -37,7 +37,8 @@
 struct pack_idx_option {
 	unsigned flags;
 	/* flag bits */
-#define WRITE_IDX_VERIFY 01
+#define WRITE_IDX_VERIFY 01 /* verify only, do not write the idx file */
+#define WRITE_IDX_STRICT 02
 
 	uint32_t version;
 	uint32_t off32_limit;
diff --git a/parse-options-cb.c b/parse-options-cb.c
index 6db0921..0de5fb1 100644
--- a/parse-options-cb.c
+++ b/parse-options-cb.c
@@ -123,3 +123,8 @@
 	string_list_append(v, xstrdup(arg));
 	return 0;
 }
+
+int parse_opt_noop_cb(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/parse-options.c b/parse-options.c
index 503ab5d..f0098eb 100644
--- a/parse-options.c
+++ b/parse-options.c
@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@
 			*(int *)opt->value &= ~opt->defval;
 		return 0;
 
-	case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
+	case OPTION_COUNTUP:
 		*(int *)opt->value = unset ? 0 : *(int *)opt->value + 1;
 		return 0;
 
@@ -319,7 +319,7 @@
 			err |= optbug(opts, "uses feature "
 					"not supported for dashless options");
 		switch (opts->type) {
-		case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
+		case OPTION_COUNTUP:
 		case OPTION_BIT:
 		case OPTION_NEGBIT:
 		case OPTION_SET_INT:
diff --git a/parse-options.h b/parse-options.h
index 59e0b52..2e811dc 100644
--- a/parse-options.h
+++ b/parse-options.h
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
 	/* options with no arguments */
 	OPTION_BIT,
 	OPTION_NEGBIT,
-	OPTION_BOOLEAN, /* _INCR would have been a better name */
+	OPTION_COUNTUP,
 	OPTION_SET_INT,
 	OPTION_SET_PTR,
 	/* options with arguments (usually) */
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@
 	OPTION_FILENAME
 };
 
+/* Deprecated synonym */
+#define OPTION_BOOLEAN OPTION_COUNTUP
+
 enum parse_opt_flags {
 	PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH = 1,
 	PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION = 2,
@@ -122,10 +125,11 @@
 				      PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (b) }
 #define OPT_NEGBIT(s, l, v, h, b)   { OPTION_NEGBIT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
 				      (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (b) }
-#define OPT_BOOLEAN(s, l, v, h)     { OPTION_BOOLEAN, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
+#define OPT_COUNTUP(s, l, v, h)     { OPTION_COUNTUP, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
 				      (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG }
 #define OPT_SET_INT(s, l, v, h, i)  { OPTION_SET_INT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
 				      (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (i) }
+#define OPT_BOOL(s, l, v, h)        OPT_SET_INT(s, l, v, h, 1)
 #define OPT_SET_PTR(s, l, v, h, p)  { OPTION_SET_PTR, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
 				      (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (p) }
 #define OPT_INTEGER(s, l, v, h)     { OPTION_INTEGER, (s), (l), (v), "n", (h) }
@@ -149,6 +153,13 @@
 	{ OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), "when", (h), PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, \
 		parse_opt_color_flag_cb, (intptr_t)"always" }
 
+#define OPT_NOOP_NOARG(s, l) \
+	{ OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), NULL, NULL, \
+	  "no-op (backward compatibility)", \
+	  PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN | PARSE_OPT_NOARG, parse_opt_noop_cb }
+
+/* Deprecated synonym */
+#define OPT_BOOLEAN OPT_COUNTUP
 
 /* parse_options() will filter out the processed options and leave the
  * non-option arguments in argv[].
@@ -210,6 +221,7 @@
 extern int parse_opt_with_commit(const struct option *, const char *, int);
 extern int parse_opt_tertiary(const struct option *, const char *, int);
 extern int parse_opt_string_list(const struct option *, const char *, int);
+extern int parse_opt_noop_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
 
 #define OPT__VERBOSE(var, h)  OPT_BOOLEAN('v', "verbose", (var), (h))
 #define OPT__QUIET(var, h)    OPT_BOOLEAN('q', "quiet",   (var), (h))
diff --git a/path.c b/path.c
index 6f3f5d5..b6f71d1 100644
--- a/path.c
+++ b/path.c
@@ -283,7 +283,7 @@
  * links.  User relative paths are also returned as they are given,
  * except DWIM suffixing.
  */
-char *enter_repo(char *path, int strict)
+const char *enter_repo(const char *path, int strict)
 {
 	static char used_path[PATH_MAX];
 	static char validated_path[PATH_MAX];
@@ -295,16 +295,19 @@
 		static const char *suffix[] = {
 			".git/.git", "/.git", ".git", "", NULL,
 		};
+		const char *gitfile;
 		int len = strlen(path);
 		int i;
-		while ((1 < len) && (path[len-1] == '/')) {
-			path[len-1] = 0;
+		while ((1 < len) && (path[len-1] == '/'))
 			len--;
-		}
+
 		if (PATH_MAX <= len)
 			return NULL;
-		if (path[0] == '~') {
-			char *newpath = expand_user_path(path);
+		strncpy(used_path, path, len); used_path[len] = 0 ;
+		strcpy(validated_path, used_path);
+
+		if (used_path[0] == '~') {
+			char *newpath = expand_user_path(used_path);
 			if (!newpath || (PATH_MAX - 10 < strlen(newpath))) {
 				free(newpath);
 				return NULL;
@@ -316,24 +319,23 @@
 			 * anyway.
 			 */
 			strcpy(used_path, newpath); free(newpath);
-			strcpy(validated_path, path);
-			path = used_path;
 		}
 		else if (PATH_MAX - 10 < len)
 			return NULL;
-		else {
-			path = strcpy(used_path, path);
-			strcpy(validated_path, path);
-		}
-		len = strlen(path);
+		len = strlen(used_path);
 		for (i = 0; suffix[i]; i++) {
-			strcpy(path + len, suffix[i]);
-			if (!access(path, F_OK)) {
+			strcpy(used_path + len, suffix[i]);
+			if (!access(used_path, F_OK)) {
 				strcat(validated_path, suffix[i]);
 				break;
 			}
 		}
-		if (!suffix[i] || chdir(path))
+		if (!suffix[i])
+			return NULL;
+		gitfile = read_gitfile(used_path) ;
+		if (gitfile)
+			strcpy(used_path, gitfile);
+		if (chdir(used_path))
 			return NULL;
 		path = validated_path;
 	}
diff --git a/perl/Git.pm b/perl/Git.pm
index a86ab70..f7ce511 100644
--- a/perl/Git.pm
+++ b/perl/Git.pm
@@ -570,15 +570,68 @@
 (exception is thrown otherwise), in array context returns allows the
 variable to be set multiple times and returns all the values.
 
-This currently wraps command('config') so it is not so fast.
-
 =cut
 
 sub config {
+	return _config_common({}, @_);
+}
+
+
+=item config_bool ( VARIABLE )
+
+Retrieve the bool configuration C<VARIABLE>. The return value
+is usable as a boolean in perl (and C<undef> if it's not defined,
+of course).
+
+=cut
+
+sub config_bool {
+	my $val = scalar _config_common({'kind' => '--bool'}, @_);
+
+	# Do not rewrite this as return (defined $val && $val eq 'true')
+	# as some callers do care what kind of falsehood they receive.
+	if (!defined $val) {
+		return undef;
+	} else {
+		return $val eq 'true';
+	}
+}
+
+
+=item config_path ( VARIABLE )
+
+Retrieve the path configuration C<VARIABLE>. The return value
+is an expanded path or C<undef> if it's not defined.
+
+=cut
+
+sub config_path {
+	return _config_common({'kind' => '--path'}, @_);
+}
+
+
+=item config_int ( VARIABLE )
+
+Retrieve the integer configuration C<VARIABLE>. The return value
+is simple decimal number.  An optional value suffix of 'k', 'm',
+or 'g' in the config file will cause the value to be multiplied
+by 1024, 1048576 (1024^2), or 1073741824 (1024^3) prior to output.
+It would return C<undef> if configuration variable is not defined,
+
+=cut
+
+sub config_int {
+	return scalar _config_common({'kind' => '--int'}, @_);
+}
+
+# Common subroutine to implement bulk of what the config* family of methods
+# do. This curently wraps command('config') so it is not so fast.
+sub _config_common {
+	my ($opts) = shift @_;
 	my ($self, $var) = _maybe_self(@_);
 
 	try {
-		my @cmd = ('config');
+		my @cmd = ('config', $opts->{'kind'} ? $opts->{'kind'} : ());
 		unshift @cmd, $self if $self;
 		if (wantarray) {
 			return command(@cmd, '--get-all', $var);
@@ -596,67 +649,6 @@
 	};
 }
 
-
-=item config_bool ( VARIABLE )
-
-Retrieve the bool configuration C<VARIABLE>. The return value
-is usable as a boolean in perl (and C<undef> if it's not defined,
-of course).
-
-This currently wraps command('config') so it is not so fast.
-
-=cut
-
-sub config_bool {
-	my ($self, $var) = _maybe_self(@_);
-
-	try {
-		my @cmd = ('config', '--bool', '--get', $var);
-		unshift @cmd, $self if $self;
-		my $val = command_oneline(@cmd);
-		return undef unless defined $val;
-		return $val eq 'true';
-	} catch Git::Error::Command with {
-		my $E = shift;
-		if ($E->value() == 1) {
-			# Key not found.
-			return undef;
-		} else {
-			throw $E;
-		}
-	};
-}
-
-=item config_int ( VARIABLE )
-
-Retrieve the integer configuration C<VARIABLE>. The return value
-is simple decimal number.  An optional value suffix of 'k', 'm',
-or 'g' in the config file will cause the value to be multiplied
-by 1024, 1048576 (1024^2), or 1073741824 (1024^3) prior to output.
-It would return C<undef> if configuration variable is not defined,
-
-This currently wraps command('config') so it is not so fast.
-
-=cut
-
-sub config_int {
-	my ($self, $var) = _maybe_self(@_);
-
-	try {
-		my @cmd = ('config', '--int', '--get', $var);
-		unshift @cmd, $self if $self;
-		return command_oneline(@cmd);
-	} catch Git::Error::Command with {
-		my $E = shift;
-		if ($E->value() == 1) {
-			# Key not found.
-			return undef;
-		} else {
-			throw $E;
-		}
-	};
-}
-
 =item get_colorbool ( NAME )
 
 Finds if color should be used for NAMEd operation from the configuration,
diff --git a/pretty.c b/pretty.c
index f45eb54..230fe1c 100644
--- a/pretty.c
+++ b/pretty.c
@@ -1094,7 +1094,6 @@
 {
 	struct format_commit_context context;
 	static const char utf8[] = "UTF-8";
-	const char *enc;
 	const char *output_enc = pretty_ctx->output_encoding;
 
 	memset(&context, 0, sizeof(context));
@@ -1103,10 +1102,13 @@
 	context.wrap_start = sb->len;
 	context.message = commit->buffer;
 	if (output_enc) {
-		enc = get_header(commit, "encoding");
-		enc = enc ? enc : utf8;
-		if (strcmp(enc, output_enc))
+		char *enc = get_header(commit, "encoding");
+		if (strcmp(enc ? enc : utf8, output_enc)) {
 			context.message = logmsg_reencode(commit, output_enc);
+			if (!context.message)
+				context.message = commit->buffer;
+		}
+		free(enc);
 	}
 
 	strbuf_expand(sb, format, format_commit_item, &context);
diff --git a/read-cache.c b/read-cache.c
index 5790a91..27e9fc6 100644
--- a/read-cache.c
+++ b/read-cache.c
@@ -1001,7 +1001,8 @@
  */
 static struct cache_entry *refresh_cache_ent(struct index_state *istate,
 					     struct cache_entry *ce,
-					     unsigned int options, int *err)
+					     unsigned int options, int *err,
+					     int *changed_ret)
 {
 	struct stat st;
 	struct cache_entry *updated;
@@ -1033,6 +1034,8 @@
 	}
 
 	changed = ie_match_stat(istate, ce, &st, options);
+	if (changed_ret)
+		*changed_ret = changed;
 	if (!changed) {
 		/*
 		 * The path is unchanged.  If we were told to ignore
@@ -1102,14 +1105,21 @@
 	int first = 1;
 	int in_porcelain = (flags & REFRESH_IN_PORCELAIN);
 	unsigned int options = really ? CE_MATCH_IGNORE_VALID : 0;
-	const char *needs_update_fmt;
-	const char *needs_merge_fmt;
+	const char *modified_fmt;
+	const char *deleted_fmt;
+	const char *typechange_fmt;
+	const char *added_fmt;
+	const char *unmerged_fmt;
 
-	needs_update_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "M\t%s\n" : "%s: needs update\n");
-	needs_merge_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "U\t%s\n" : "%s: needs merge\n");
+	modified_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "M\t%s\n" : "%s: needs update\n");
+	deleted_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "D\t%s\n" : "%s: needs update\n");
+	typechange_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "T\t%s\n" : "%s needs update\n");
+	added_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "A\t%s\n" : "%s needs update\n");
+	unmerged_fmt = (in_porcelain ? "U\t%s\n" : "%s: needs merge\n");
 	for (i = 0; i < istate->cache_nr; i++) {
 		struct cache_entry *ce, *new;
 		int cache_errno = 0;
+		int changed = 0;
 
 		ce = istate->cache[i];
 		if (ignore_submodules && S_ISGITLINK(ce->ce_mode))
@@ -1122,7 +1132,7 @@
 			i--;
 			if (allow_unmerged)
 				continue;
-			show_file(needs_merge_fmt, ce->name, in_porcelain, &first, header_msg);
+			show_file(unmerged_fmt, ce->name, in_porcelain, &first, header_msg);
 			has_errors = 1;
 			continue;
 		}
@@ -1130,10 +1140,12 @@
 		if (pathspec && !match_pathspec(pathspec, ce->name, strlen(ce->name), 0, seen))
 			continue;
 
-		new = refresh_cache_ent(istate, ce, options, &cache_errno);
+		new = refresh_cache_ent(istate, ce, options, &cache_errno, &changed);
 		if (new == ce)
 			continue;
 		if (!new) {
+			const char *fmt;
+
 			if (not_new && cache_errno == ENOENT)
 				continue;
 			if (really && cache_errno == EINVAL) {
@@ -1145,7 +1157,17 @@
 			}
 			if (quiet)
 				continue;
-			show_file(needs_update_fmt, ce->name, in_porcelain, &first, header_msg);
+
+			if (cache_errno == ENOENT)
+				fmt = deleted_fmt;
+			else if (ce->ce_flags & CE_INTENT_TO_ADD)
+				fmt = added_fmt; /* must be before other checks */
+			else if (changed & TYPE_CHANGED)
+				fmt = typechange_fmt;
+			else
+				fmt = modified_fmt;
+			show_file(fmt,
+				  ce->name, in_porcelain, &first, header_msg);
 			has_errors = 1;
 			continue;
 		}
@@ -1157,7 +1179,7 @@
 
 static struct cache_entry *refresh_cache_entry(struct cache_entry *ce, int really)
 {
-	return refresh_cache_ent(&the_index, ce, really, NULL);
+	return refresh_cache_ent(&the_index, ce, really, NULL, NULL);
 }
 
 static int verify_hdr(struct cache_header *hdr, unsigned long size)
diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index fb258ea..e7843eb 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -4,18 +4,21 @@
 #include "tag.h"
 #include "dir.h"
 
-/* ISSYMREF=01 and ISPACKED=02 are public interfaces */
-#define REF_KNOWS_PEELED 04
-#define REF_BROKEN 010
+/* ISSYMREF=0x01, ISPACKED=0x02 and ISBROKEN=0x04 are public interfaces */
+#define REF_KNOWS_PEELED 0x10
 
-struct ref_list {
-	struct ref_list *next;
+struct ref_entry {
 	unsigned char flag; /* ISSYMREF? ISPACKED? */
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	unsigned char peeled[20];
 	char name[FLEX_ARRAY];
 };
 
+struct ref_array {
+	int nr, alloc;
+	struct ref_entry **refs;
+};
+
 static const char *parse_ref_line(char *line, unsigned char *sha1)
 {
 	/*
@@ -44,149 +47,176 @@
 	return line;
 }
 
-static struct ref_list *add_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1,
-				int flag, struct ref_list *list,
-				struct ref_list **new_entry)
+static void add_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1,
+		    int flag, int check_name, struct ref_array *refs,
+		    struct ref_entry **new_entry)
 {
 	int len;
-	struct ref_list *entry;
+	struct ref_entry *entry;
 
 	/* Allocate it and add it in.. */
 	len = strlen(name) + 1;
-	entry = xmalloc(sizeof(struct ref_list) + len);
+	entry = xmalloc(sizeof(struct ref_entry) + len);
 	hashcpy(entry->sha1, sha1);
 	hashclr(entry->peeled);
+	if (check_name &&
+	    check_refname_format(name, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL|REFNAME_DOT_COMPONENT))
+		die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", name);
 	memcpy(entry->name, name, len);
 	entry->flag = flag;
-	entry->next = list;
 	if (new_entry)
 		*new_entry = entry;
-	return entry;
+	ALLOC_GROW(refs->refs, refs->nr + 1, refs->alloc);
+	refs->refs[refs->nr++] = entry;
 }
 
-/* merge sort the ref list */
-static struct ref_list *sort_ref_list(struct ref_list *list)
+static int ref_entry_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
 {
-	int psize, qsize, last_merge_count, cmp;
-	struct ref_list *p, *q, *l, *e;
-	struct ref_list *new_list = list;
-	int k = 1;
-	int merge_count = 0;
+	struct ref_entry *one = *(struct ref_entry **)a;
+	struct ref_entry *two = *(struct ref_entry **)b;
+	return strcmp(one->name, two->name);
+}
 
-	if (!list)
-		return list;
+static void sort_ref_array(struct ref_array *array)
+{
+	int i = 0, j = 1;
 
-	do {
-		last_merge_count = merge_count;
-		merge_count = 0;
+	/* Nothing to sort unless there are at least two entries */
+	if (array->nr < 2)
+		return;
 
-		psize = 0;
+	qsort(array->refs, array->nr, sizeof(*array->refs), ref_entry_cmp);
 
-		p = new_list;
-		q = new_list;
-		new_list = NULL;
-		l = NULL;
+	/* Remove any duplicates from the ref_array */
+	for (; j < array->nr; j++) {
+		struct ref_entry *a = array->refs[i];
+		struct ref_entry *b = array->refs[j];
+		if (!strcmp(a->name, b->name)) {
+			if (hashcmp(a->sha1, b->sha1))
+				die("Duplicated ref, and SHA1s don't match: %s",
+				    a->name);
+			warning("Duplicated ref: %s", a->name);
+			free(b);
+			continue;
+		}
+		i++;
+		array->refs[i] = array->refs[j];
+	}
+	array->nr = i + 1;
+}
 
-		while (p) {
-			merge_count++;
+static struct ref_entry *search_ref_array(struct ref_array *array, const char *name)
+{
+	struct ref_entry *e, **r;
+	int len;
 
-			while (psize < k && q->next) {
-				q = q->next;
-				psize++;
-			}
-			qsize = k;
+	if (name == NULL)
+		return NULL;
 
-			while ((psize > 0) || (qsize > 0 && q)) {
-				if (qsize == 0 || !q) {
-					e = p;
-					p = p->next;
-					psize--;
-				} else if (psize == 0) {
-					e = q;
-					q = q->next;
-					qsize--;
-				} else {
-					cmp = strcmp(q->name, p->name);
-					if (cmp < 0) {
-						e = q;
-						q = q->next;
-						qsize--;
-					} else if (cmp > 0) {
-						e = p;
-						p = p->next;
-						psize--;
-					} else {
-						if (hashcmp(q->sha1, p->sha1))
-							die("Duplicated ref, and SHA1s don't match: %s",
-							    q->name);
-						warning("Duplicated ref: %s", q->name);
-						e = q;
-						q = q->next;
-						qsize--;
-						free(e);
-						e = p;
-						p = p->next;
-						psize--;
-					}
-				}
+	if (!array->nr)
+		return NULL;
 
-				e->next = NULL;
+	len = strlen(name) + 1;
+	e = xmalloc(sizeof(struct ref_entry) + len);
+	memcpy(e->name, name, len);
 
-				if (l)
-					l->next = e;
-				if (!new_list)
-					new_list = e;
-				l = e;
-			}
+	r = bsearch(&e, array->refs, array->nr, sizeof(*array->refs), ref_entry_cmp);
 
-			p = q;
-		};
+	free(e);
 
-		k = k * 2;
-	} while ((last_merge_count != merge_count) || (last_merge_count != 1));
+	if (r == NULL)
+		return NULL;
 
-	return new_list;
+	return *r;
 }
 
 /*
  * Future: need to be in "struct repository"
  * when doing a full libification.
  */
-static struct cached_refs {
+static struct ref_cache {
+	struct ref_cache *next;
 	char did_loose;
 	char did_packed;
-	struct ref_list *loose;
-	struct ref_list *packed;
-} cached_refs, submodule_refs;
-static struct ref_list *current_ref;
+	struct ref_array loose;
+	struct ref_array packed;
+	/* The submodule name, or "" for the main repo. */
+	char name[FLEX_ARRAY];
+} *ref_cache;
 
-static struct ref_list *extra_refs;
+static struct ref_entry *current_ref;
 
-static void free_ref_list(struct ref_list *list)
+static struct ref_array extra_refs;
+
+static void free_ref_array(struct ref_array *array)
 {
-	struct ref_list *next;
-	for ( ; list; list = next) {
-		next = list->next;
-		free(list);
+	int i;
+	for (i = 0; i < array->nr; i++)
+		free(array->refs[i]);
+	free(array->refs);
+	array->nr = array->alloc = 0;
+	array->refs = NULL;
+}
+
+static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct ref_cache *refs)
+{
+	if (refs->did_packed)
+		free_ref_array(&refs->packed);
+	refs->did_packed = 0;
+}
+
+static void clear_loose_ref_cache(struct ref_cache *refs)
+{
+	if (refs->did_loose)
+		free_ref_array(&refs->loose);
+	refs->did_loose = 0;
+}
+
+static struct ref_cache *create_ref_cache(const char *submodule)
+{
+	int len;
+	struct ref_cache *refs;
+	if (!submodule)
+		submodule = "";
+	len = strlen(submodule) + 1;
+	refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct ref_cache) + len);
+	memcpy(refs->name, submodule, len);
+	return refs;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return a pointer to a ref_cache for the specified submodule. For
+ * the main repository, use submodule==NULL. The returned structure
+ * will be allocated and initialized but not necessarily populated; it
+ * should not be freed.
+ */
+static struct ref_cache *get_ref_cache(const char *submodule)
+{
+	struct ref_cache *refs = ref_cache;
+	if (!submodule)
+		submodule = "";
+	while (refs) {
+		if (!strcmp(submodule, refs->name))
+			return refs;
+		refs = refs->next;
 	}
+
+	refs = create_ref_cache(submodule);
+	refs->next = ref_cache;
+	ref_cache = refs;
+	return refs;
 }
 
-static void invalidate_cached_refs(void)
+void invalidate_ref_cache(const char *submodule)
 {
-	struct cached_refs *ca = &cached_refs;
-
-	if (ca->did_loose && ca->loose)
-		free_ref_list(ca->loose);
-	if (ca->did_packed && ca->packed)
-		free_ref_list(ca->packed);
-	ca->loose = ca->packed = NULL;
-	ca->did_loose = ca->did_packed = 0;
+	struct ref_cache *refs = get_ref_cache(submodule);
+	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	clear_loose_ref_cache(refs);
 }
 
-static void read_packed_refs(FILE *f, struct cached_refs *cached_refs)
+static void read_packed_refs(FILE *f, struct ref_array *array)
 {
-	struct ref_list *list = NULL;
-	struct ref_list *last = NULL;
+	struct ref_entry *last = NULL;
 	char refline[PATH_MAX];
 	int flag = REF_ISPACKED;
 
@@ -205,7 +235,7 @@
 
 		name = parse_ref_line(refline, sha1);
 		if (name) {
-			list = add_ref(name, sha1, flag, list, &last);
+			add_ref(name, sha1, flag, 1, array, &last);
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (last &&
@@ -215,48 +245,43 @@
 		    !get_sha1_hex(refline + 1, sha1))
 			hashcpy(last->peeled, sha1);
 	}
-	cached_refs->packed = sort_ref_list(list);
+	sort_ref_array(array);
 }
 
 void add_extra_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1, int flag)
 {
-	extra_refs = add_ref(name, sha1, flag, extra_refs, NULL);
+	add_ref(name, sha1, flag, 0, &extra_refs, NULL);
 }
 
 void clear_extra_refs(void)
 {
-	free_ref_list(extra_refs);
-	extra_refs = NULL;
+	free_ref_array(&extra_refs);
 }
 
-static struct ref_list *get_packed_refs(const char *submodule)
+static struct ref_array *get_packed_refs(const char *submodule)
 {
-	const char *packed_refs_file;
-	struct cached_refs *refs;
+	struct ref_cache *refs = get_ref_cache(submodule);
 
-	if (submodule) {
-		packed_refs_file = git_path_submodule(submodule, "packed-refs");
-		refs = &submodule_refs;
-		free_ref_list(refs->packed);
-	} else {
-		packed_refs_file = git_path("packed-refs");
-		refs = &cached_refs;
-	}
+	if (!refs->did_packed) {
+		const char *packed_refs_file;
+		FILE *f;
 
-	if (!refs->did_packed || submodule) {
-		FILE *f = fopen(packed_refs_file, "r");
-		refs->packed = NULL;
+		if (submodule)
+			packed_refs_file = git_path_submodule(submodule, "packed-refs");
+		else
+			packed_refs_file = git_path("packed-refs");
+		f = fopen(packed_refs_file, "r");
 		if (f) {
-			read_packed_refs(f, refs);
+			read_packed_refs(f, &refs->packed);
 			fclose(f);
 		}
 		refs->did_packed = 1;
 	}
-	return refs->packed;
+	return &refs->packed;
 }
 
-static struct ref_list *get_ref_dir(const char *submodule, const char *base,
-				    struct ref_list *list)
+static void get_ref_dir(const char *submodule, const char *base,
+			struct ref_array *array)
 {
 	DIR *dir;
 	const char *path;
@@ -299,7 +324,7 @@
 			if (stat(refdir, &st) < 0)
 				continue;
 			if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
-				list = get_ref_dir(submodule, ref, list);
+				get_ref_dir(submodule, ref, array);
 				continue;
 			}
 			if (submodule) {
@@ -307,19 +332,17 @@
 				flag = 0;
 				if (resolve_gitlink_ref(submodule, ref, sha1) < 0) {
 					hashclr(sha1);
-					flag |= REF_BROKEN;
+					flag |= REF_ISBROKEN;
 				}
-			} else
-				if (!resolve_ref(ref, sha1, 1, &flag)) {
-					hashclr(sha1);
-					flag |= REF_BROKEN;
-				}
-			list = add_ref(ref, sha1, flag, list, NULL);
+			} else if (!resolve_ref(ref, sha1, 1, &flag)) {
+				hashclr(sha1);
+				flag |= REF_ISBROKEN;
+			}
+			add_ref(ref, sha1, flag, 1, array, NULL);
 		}
 		free(ref);
 		closedir(dir);
 	}
-	return sort_ref_list(list);
 }
 
 struct warn_if_dangling_data {
@@ -356,49 +379,43 @@
 	for_each_rawref(warn_if_dangling_symref, &data);
 }
 
-static struct ref_list *get_loose_refs(const char *submodule)
+static struct ref_array *get_loose_refs(const char *submodule)
 {
-	if (submodule) {
-		free_ref_list(submodule_refs.loose);
-		submodule_refs.loose = get_ref_dir(submodule, "refs", NULL);
-		return submodule_refs.loose;
-	}
+	struct ref_cache *refs = get_ref_cache(submodule);
 
-	if (!cached_refs.did_loose) {
-		cached_refs.loose = get_ref_dir(NULL, "refs", NULL);
-		cached_refs.did_loose = 1;
+	if (!refs->did_loose) {
+		get_ref_dir(submodule, "refs", &refs->loose);
+		sort_ref_array(&refs->loose);
+		refs->did_loose = 1;
 	}
-	return cached_refs.loose;
+	return &refs->loose;
 }
 
 /* We allow "recursive" symbolic refs. Only within reason, though */
 #define MAXDEPTH 5
 #define MAXREFLEN (1024)
 
+/*
+ * Called by resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive() after it failed to read
+ * from "name", which is "module/.git/<refname>". Find <refname> in
+ * the packed-refs file for the submodule.
+ */
 static int resolve_gitlink_packed_ref(char *name, int pathlen, const char *refname, unsigned char *result)
 {
-	FILE *f;
-	struct cached_refs refs;
-	struct ref_list *ref;
-	int retval;
+	int retval = -1;
+	struct ref_entry *ref;
+	struct ref_array *array;
 
-	strcpy(name + pathlen, "packed-refs");
-	f = fopen(name, "r");
-	if (!f)
-		return -1;
-	read_packed_refs(f, &refs);
-	fclose(f);
-	ref = refs.packed;
-	retval = -1;
-	while (ref) {
-		if (!strcmp(ref->name, refname)) {
-			retval = 0;
-			memcpy(result, ref->sha1, 20);
-			break;
-		}
-		ref = ref->next;
+	/* being defensive: resolve_gitlink_ref() did this for us */
+	if (pathlen < 6 || memcmp(name + pathlen - 6, "/.git/", 6))
+		die("Oops");
+	name[pathlen - 6] = '\0'; /* make it path to the submodule */
+	array = get_packed_refs(name);
+	ref = search_ref_array(array, refname);
+	if (ref != NULL) {
+		memcpy(result, ref->sha1, 20);
+		retval = 0;
 	}
-	free_ref_list(refs.packed);
 	return retval;
 }
 
@@ -466,17 +483,20 @@
 }
 
 /*
- * If the "reading" argument is set, this function finds out what _object_
- * the ref points at by "reading" the ref.  The ref, if it is not symbolic,
- * has to exist, and if it is symbolic, it has to point at an existing ref,
- * because the "read" goes through the symref to the ref it points at.
- *
- * The access that is not "reading" may often be "writing", but does not
- * have to; it can be merely checking _where it leads to_. If it is a
- * prelude to "writing" to the ref, a write to a symref that points at
- * yet-to-be-born ref will create the real ref pointed by the symref.
- * reading=0 allows the caller to check where such a symref leads to.
+ * Try to read ref from the packed references.  On success, set sha1
+ * and return 0; otherwise, return -1.
  */
+static int get_packed_ref(const char *ref, unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	struct ref_array *packed = get_packed_refs(NULL);
+	struct ref_entry *entry = search_ref_array(packed, ref);
+	if (entry) {
+		hashcpy(sha1, entry->sha1);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+
 const char *resolve_ref(const char *ref, unsigned char *sha1, int reading, int *flag)
 {
 	int depth = MAXDEPTH;
@@ -487,6 +507,9 @@
 	if (flag)
 		*flag = 0;
 
+	if (check_refname_format(ref, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
+		return NULL;
+
 	for (;;) {
 		char path[PATH_MAX];
 		struct stat st;
@@ -497,29 +520,36 @@
 			return NULL;
 
 		git_snpath(path, sizeof(path), "%s", ref);
-		/* Special case: non-existing file. */
+
 		if (lstat(path, &st) < 0) {
-			struct ref_list *list = get_packed_refs(NULL);
-			while (list) {
-				if (!strcmp(ref, list->name)) {
-					hashcpy(sha1, list->sha1);
-					if (flag)
-						*flag |= REF_ISPACKED;
-					return ref;
-				}
-				list = list->next;
-			}
-			if (reading || errno != ENOENT)
+			if (errno != ENOENT)
 				return NULL;
-			hashclr(sha1);
-			return ref;
+			/*
+			 * The loose reference file does not exist;
+			 * check for a packed reference.
+			 */
+			if (!get_packed_ref(ref, sha1)) {
+				if (flag)
+					*flag |= REF_ISPACKED;
+				return ref;
+			}
+			/* The reference is not a packed reference, either. */
+			if (reading) {
+				return NULL;
+			} else {
+				hashclr(sha1);
+				return ref;
+			}
 		}
 
 		/* Follow "normalized" - ie "refs/.." symlinks by hand */
 		if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) {
 			len = readlink(path, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
-			if (len >= 5 && !memcmp("refs/", buffer, 5)) {
-				buffer[len] = 0;
+			if (len < 0)
+				return NULL;
+			buffer[len] = 0;
+			if (!prefixcmp(buffer, "refs/") &&
+					!check_refname_format(buffer, 0)) {
 				strcpy(ref_buffer, buffer);
 				ref = ref_buffer;
 				if (flag)
@@ -543,26 +573,35 @@
 			return NULL;
 		len = read_in_full(fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
 		close(fd);
+		if (len < 0)
+			return NULL;
+		while (len && isspace(buffer[len-1]))
+			len--;
+		buffer[len] = '\0';
 
 		/*
 		 * Is it a symbolic ref?
 		 */
-		if (len < 4 || memcmp("ref:", buffer, 4))
+		if (prefixcmp(buffer, "ref:"))
 			break;
-		buf = buffer + 4;
-		len -= 4;
-		while (len && isspace(*buf))
-			buf++, len--;
-		while (len && isspace(buf[len-1]))
-			len--;
-		buf[len] = 0;
-		memcpy(ref_buffer, buf, len + 1);
-		ref = ref_buffer;
 		if (flag)
 			*flag |= REF_ISSYMREF;
+		buf = buffer + 4;
+		while (isspace(*buf))
+			buf++;
+		if (check_refname_format(buf, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL)) {
+			if (flag)
+				*flag |= REF_ISBROKEN;
+			return NULL;
+		}
+		ref = strcpy(ref_buffer, buf);
 	}
-	if (len < 40 || get_sha1_hex(buffer, sha1))
+	/* Please note that FETCH_HEAD has a second line containing other data. */
+	if (get_sha1_hex(buffer, sha1) || (buffer[40] != '\0' && !isspace(buffer[40]))) {
+		if (flag)
+			*flag |= REF_ISBROKEN;
 		return NULL;
+	}
 	return ref;
 }
 
@@ -582,14 +621,14 @@
 
 #define DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN 01
 static int do_one_ref(const char *base, each_ref_fn fn, int trim,
-		      int flags, void *cb_data, struct ref_list *entry)
+		      int flags, void *cb_data, struct ref_entry *entry)
 {
 	if (prefixcmp(entry->name, base))
 		return 0;
 
 	if (!(flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN)) {
-		if (entry->flag & REF_BROKEN)
-			return 0; /* ignore dangling symref */
+		if (entry->flag & REF_ISBROKEN)
+			return 0; /* ignore broken refs e.g. dangling symref */
 		if (!has_sha1_file(entry->sha1)) {
 			error("%s does not point to a valid object!", entry->name);
 			return 0;
@@ -628,18 +667,12 @@
 		return -1;
 
 	if ((flag & REF_ISPACKED)) {
-		struct ref_list *list = get_packed_refs(NULL);
+		struct ref_array *array = get_packed_refs(NULL);
+		struct ref_entry *r = search_ref_array(array, ref);
 
-		while (list) {
-			if (!strcmp(list->name, ref)) {
-				if (list->flag & REF_KNOWS_PEELED) {
-					hashcpy(sha1, list->peeled);
-					return 0;
-				}
-				/* older pack-refs did not leave peeled ones */
-				break;
-			}
-			list = list->next;
+		if (r != NULL && r->flag & REF_KNOWS_PEELED) {
+			hashcpy(sha1, r->peeled);
+			return 0;
 		}
 	}
 
@@ -658,36 +691,39 @@
 static int do_for_each_ref(const char *submodule, const char *base, each_ref_fn fn,
 			   int trim, int flags, void *cb_data)
 {
-	int retval = 0;
-	struct ref_list *packed = get_packed_refs(submodule);
-	struct ref_list *loose = get_loose_refs(submodule);
+	int retval = 0, i, p = 0, l = 0;
+	struct ref_array *packed = get_packed_refs(submodule);
+	struct ref_array *loose = get_loose_refs(submodule);
 
-	struct ref_list *extra;
+	struct ref_array *extra = &extra_refs;
 
-	for (extra = extra_refs; extra; extra = extra->next)
-		retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, extra);
+	for (i = 0; i < extra->nr; i++)
+		retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, extra->refs[i]);
 
-	while (packed && loose) {
-		struct ref_list *entry;
-		int cmp = strcmp(packed->name, loose->name);
+	while (p < packed->nr && l < loose->nr) {
+		struct ref_entry *entry;
+		int cmp = strcmp(packed->refs[p]->name, loose->refs[l]->name);
 		if (!cmp) {
-			packed = packed->next;
+			p++;
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (cmp > 0) {
-			entry = loose;
-			loose = loose->next;
+			entry = loose->refs[l++];
 		} else {
-			entry = packed;
-			packed = packed->next;
+			entry = packed->refs[p++];
 		}
 		retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, entry);
 		if (retval)
 			goto end_each;
 	}
 
-	for (packed = packed ? packed : loose; packed; packed = packed->next) {
-		retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, packed);
+	if (l < loose->nr) {
+		p = l;
+		packed = loose;
+	}
+
+	for (; p < packed->nr; p++) {
+		retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, packed->refs[p]);
 		if (retval)
 			goto end_each;
 	}
@@ -860,70 +896,87 @@
  * - it contains a "\" (backslash)
  */
 
+/* Return true iff ch is not allowed in reference names. */
 static inline int bad_ref_char(int ch)
 {
 	if (((unsigned) ch) <= ' ' || ch == 0x7f ||
 	    ch == '~' || ch == '^' || ch == ':' || ch == '\\')
 		return 1;
 	/* 2.13 Pattern Matching Notation */
-	if (ch == '?' || ch == '[') /* Unsupported */
+	if (ch == '*' || ch == '?' || ch == '[') /* Unsupported */
 		return 1;
-	if (ch == '*') /* Supported at the end */
-		return 2;
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int check_ref_format(const char *ref)
+/*
+ * Try to read one refname component from the front of ref.  Return
+ * the length of the component found, or -1 if the component is not
+ * legal.
+ */
+static int check_refname_component(const char *ref, int flags)
 {
-	int ch, level, bad_type, last;
-	int ret = CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK;
-	const char *cp = ref;
+	const char *cp;
+	char last = '\0';
 
-	level = 0;
-	while (1) {
-		while ((ch = *cp++) == '/')
-			; /* tolerate duplicated slashes */
-		if (!ch)
-			/* should not end with slashes */
-			return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-
-		/* we are at the beginning of the path component */
-		if (ch == '.')
-			return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-		bad_type = bad_ref_char(ch);
-		if (bad_type) {
-			if (bad_type == 2 && (!*cp || *cp == '/') &&
-			    ret == CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK)
-				ret = CHECK_REF_FORMAT_WILDCARD;
-			else
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-		}
-
+	for (cp = ref; ; cp++) {
+		char ch = *cp;
+		if (ch == '\0' || ch == '/')
+			break;
+		if (bad_ref_char(ch))
+			return -1; /* Illegal character in refname. */
+		if (last == '.' && ch == '.')
+			return -1; /* Refname contains "..". */
+		if (last == '@' && ch == '{')
+			return -1; /* Refname contains "@{". */
 		last = ch;
-		/* scan the rest of the path component */
-		while ((ch = *cp++) != 0) {
-			bad_type = bad_ref_char(ch);
-			if (bad_type)
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-			if (ch == '/')
-				break;
-			if (last == '.' && ch == '.')
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-			if (last == '@' && ch == '{')
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-			last = ch;
-		}
-		level++;
-		if (!ch) {
-			if (ref <= cp - 2 && cp[-2] == '.')
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-			if (level < 2)
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL;
-			if (has_extension(ref, ".lock"))
-				return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
-			return ret;
-		}
 	}
+	if (cp == ref)
+		return -1; /* Component has zero length. */
+	if (ref[0] == '.') {
+		if (!(flags & REFNAME_DOT_COMPONENT))
+			return -1; /* Component starts with '.'. */
+		/*
+		 * Even if leading dots are allowed, don't allow "."
+		 * as a component (".." is prevented by a rule above).
+		 */
+		if (ref[1] == '\0')
+			return -1; /* Component equals ".". */
+	}
+	if (cp - ref >= 5 && !memcmp(cp - 5, ".lock", 5))
+		return -1; /* Refname ends with ".lock". */
+	return cp - ref;
+}
+
+int check_refname_format(const char *ref, int flags)
+{
+	int component_len, component_count = 0;
+
+	while (1) {
+		/* We are at the start of a path component. */
+		component_len = check_refname_component(ref, flags);
+		if (component_len < 0) {
+			if ((flags & REFNAME_REFSPEC_PATTERN) &&
+					ref[0] == '*' &&
+					(ref[1] == '\0' || ref[1] == '/')) {
+				/* Accept one wildcard as a full refname component. */
+				flags &= ~REFNAME_REFSPEC_PATTERN;
+				component_len = 1;
+			} else {
+				return -1;
+			}
+		}
+		component_count++;
+		if (ref[component_len] == '\0')
+			break;
+		/* Skip to next component. */
+		ref += component_len + 1;
+	}
+
+	if (ref[component_len - 1] == '.')
+		return -1; /* Refname ends with '.'. */
+	if (!(flags & REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL) && component_count < 2)
+		return -1; /* Refname has only one component. */
+	return 0;
 }
 
 const char *prettify_refname(const char *name)
@@ -1003,28 +1056,116 @@
 }
 
 static int is_refname_available(const char *ref, const char *oldref,
-				struct ref_list *list, int quiet)
+				struct ref_array *array, int quiet)
 {
-	int namlen = strlen(ref); /* e.g. 'foo/bar' */
-	while (list) {
-		/* list->name could be 'foo' or 'foo/bar/baz' */
-		if (!oldref || strcmp(oldref, list->name)) {
-			int len = strlen(list->name);
+	int i, namlen = strlen(ref); /* e.g. 'foo/bar' */
+	for (i = 0; i < array->nr; i++ ) {
+		struct ref_entry *entry = array->refs[i];
+		/* entry->name could be 'foo' or 'foo/bar/baz' */
+		if (!oldref || strcmp(oldref, entry->name)) {
+			int len = strlen(entry->name);
 			int cmplen = (namlen < len) ? namlen : len;
-			const char *lead = (namlen < len) ? list->name : ref;
-			if (!strncmp(ref, list->name, cmplen) &&
+			const char *lead = (namlen < len) ? entry->name : ref;
+			if (!strncmp(ref, entry->name, cmplen) &&
 			    lead[cmplen] == '/') {
 				if (!quiet)
 					error("'%s' exists; cannot create '%s'",
-					      list->name, ref);
+					      entry->name, ref);
 				return 0;
 			}
 		}
-		list = list->next;
 	}
 	return 1;
 }
 
+/*
+ * *string and *len will only be substituted, and *string returned (for
+ * later free()ing) if the string passed in is a magic short-hand form
+ * to name a branch.
+ */
+static char *substitute_branch_name(const char **string, int *len)
+{
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int ret = interpret_branch_name(*string, &buf);
+
+	if (ret == *len) {
+		size_t size;
+		*string = strbuf_detach(&buf, &size);
+		*len = size;
+		return (char *)*string;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+int dwim_ref(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1, char **ref)
+{
+	char *last_branch = substitute_branch_name(&str, &len);
+	const char **p, *r;
+	int refs_found = 0;
+
+	*ref = NULL;
+	for (p = ref_rev_parse_rules; *p; p++) {
+		char fullref[PATH_MAX];
+		unsigned char sha1_from_ref[20];
+		unsigned char *this_result;
+		int flag;
+
+		this_result = refs_found ? sha1_from_ref : sha1;
+		mksnpath(fullref, sizeof(fullref), *p, len, str);
+		r = resolve_ref(fullref, this_result, 1, &flag);
+		if (r) {
+			if (!refs_found++)
+				*ref = xstrdup(r);
+			if (!warn_ambiguous_refs)
+				break;
+		} else if ((flag & REF_ISSYMREF) && strcmp(fullref, "HEAD")) {
+			warning("ignoring dangling symref %s.", fullref);
+		} else if ((flag & REF_ISBROKEN) && strchr(fullref, '/')) {
+			warning("ignoring broken ref %s.", fullref);
+		}
+	}
+	free(last_branch);
+	return refs_found;
+}
+
+int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1, char **log)
+{
+	char *last_branch = substitute_branch_name(&str, &len);
+	const char **p;
+	int logs_found = 0;
+
+	*log = NULL;
+	for (p = ref_rev_parse_rules; *p; p++) {
+		struct stat st;
+		unsigned char hash[20];
+		char path[PATH_MAX];
+		const char *ref, *it;
+
+		mksnpath(path, sizeof(path), *p, len, str);
+		ref = resolve_ref(path, hash, 1, NULL);
+		if (!ref)
+			continue;
+		if (!stat(git_path("logs/%s", path), &st) &&
+		    S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
+			it = path;
+		else if (strcmp(ref, path) &&
+			 !stat(git_path("logs/%s", ref), &st) &&
+			 S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
+			it = ref;
+		else
+			continue;
+		if (!logs_found++) {
+			*log = xstrdup(it);
+			hashcpy(sha1, hash);
+		}
+		if (!warn_ambiguous_refs)
+			break;
+	}
+	free(last_branch);
+	return logs_found;
+}
+
 static struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1_basic(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1, int flags, int *type_p)
 {
 	char *ref_file;
@@ -1106,7 +1247,7 @@
 struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1)
 {
 	char refpath[PATH_MAX];
-	if (check_ref_format(ref))
+	if (check_refname_format(ref, 0))
 		return NULL;
 	strcpy(refpath, mkpath("refs/%s", ref));
 	return lock_ref_sha1_basic(refpath, old_sha1, 0, NULL);
@@ -1114,31 +1255,22 @@
 
 struct ref_lock *lock_any_ref_for_update(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1, int flags)
 {
-	switch (check_ref_format(ref)) {
-	default:
+	if (check_refname_format(ref, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
 		return NULL;
-	case 0:
-	case CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL:
-		return lock_ref_sha1_basic(ref, old_sha1, flags, NULL);
-	}
+	return lock_ref_sha1_basic(ref, old_sha1, flags, NULL);
 }
 
 static struct lock_file packlock;
 
 static int repack_without_ref(const char *refname)
 {
-	struct ref_list *list, *packed_ref_list;
-	int fd;
-	int found = 0;
+	struct ref_array *packed;
+	struct ref_entry *ref;
+	int fd, i;
 
-	packed_ref_list = get_packed_refs(NULL);
-	for (list = packed_ref_list; list; list = list->next) {
-		if (!strcmp(refname, list->name)) {
-			found = 1;
-			break;
-		}
-	}
-	if (!found)
+	packed = get_packed_refs(NULL);
+	ref = search_ref_array(packed, refname);
+	if (ref == NULL)
 		return 0;
 	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&packlock, git_path("packed-refs"), 0);
 	if (fd < 0) {
@@ -1146,17 +1278,19 @@
 		return error("cannot delete '%s' from packed refs", refname);
 	}
 
-	for (list = packed_ref_list; list; list = list->next) {
+	for (i = 0; i < packed->nr; i++) {
 		char line[PATH_MAX + 100];
 		int len;
 
-		if (!strcmp(refname, list->name))
+		ref = packed->refs[i];
+
+		if (!strcmp(refname, ref->name))
 			continue;
 		len = snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "%s %s\n",
-			       sha1_to_hex(list->sha1), list->name);
+			       sha1_to_hex(ref->sha1), ref->name);
 		/* this should not happen but just being defensive */
 		if (len > sizeof(line))
-			die("too long a refname '%s'", list->name);
+			die("too long a refname '%s'", ref->name);
 		write_or_die(fd, line, len);
 	}
 	return commit_lock_file(&packlock);
@@ -1195,7 +1329,7 @@
 	ret |= repack_without_ref(refname);
 
 	unlink_or_warn(git_path("logs/%s", lock->ref_name));
-	invalidate_cached_refs();
+	invalidate_ref_cache(NULL);
 	unlock_ref(lock);
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -1486,7 +1620,7 @@
 		unlock_ref(lock);
 		return -1;
 	}
-	invalidate_cached_refs();
+	clear_loose_ref_cache(get_ref_cache(NULL));
 	if (log_ref_write(lock->ref_name, lock->old_sha1, sha1, logmsg) < 0 ||
 	    (strcmp(lock->ref_name, lock->orig_ref_name) &&
 	     log_ref_write(lock->orig_ref_name, lock->old_sha1, sha1, logmsg) < 0)) {
@@ -1843,7 +1977,7 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int ref_exists(char *refname)
+int ref_exists(const char *refname)
 {
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	return !!resolve_ref(refname, sha1, 1, NULL);
diff --git a/refs.h b/refs.h
index dfb086e..3fd5536 100644
--- a/refs.h
+++ b/refs.h
@@ -10,8 +10,9 @@
 	int force_write;
 };
 
-#define REF_ISSYMREF 01
-#define REF_ISPACKED 02
+#define REF_ISSYMREF 0x01
+#define REF_ISPACKED 0x02
+#define REF_ISBROKEN 0x04
 
 /*
  * Calls the specified function for each ref file until it returns nonzero,
@@ -57,7 +58,7 @@
  */
 extern void add_extra_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1, int flags);
 extern void clear_extra_refs(void);
-extern int ref_exists(char *);
+extern int ref_exists(const char *);
 
 extern int peel_ref(const char *, unsigned char *);
 
@@ -80,6 +81,14 @@
 /** Writes sha1 into the ref specified by the lock. **/
 extern int write_ref_sha1(struct ref_lock *lock, const unsigned char *sha1, const char *msg);
 
+/*
+ * Invalidate the reference cache for the specified submodule.  Use
+ * submodule=NULL to invalidate the cache for the main module.  This
+ * function must be called if references are changed via a mechanism
+ * other than the refs API.
+ */
+extern void invalidate_ref_cache(const char *submodule);
+
 /** Setup reflog before using. **/
 int log_ref_setup(const char *ref_name, char *logfile, int bufsize);
 
@@ -97,11 +106,22 @@
  */
 extern int for_each_reflog(each_ref_fn, void *);
 
-#define CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK 0
-#define CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR (-1)
-#define CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL (-2)
-#define CHECK_REF_FORMAT_WILDCARD (-3)
-extern int check_ref_format(const char *target);
+#define REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL 1
+#define REFNAME_REFSPEC_PATTERN 2
+#define REFNAME_DOT_COMPONENT 4
+
+/*
+ * Return 0 iff ref has the correct format for a refname according to
+ * the rules described in Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt.  If
+ * REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL is set in flags, then accept one-level
+ * reference names.  If REFNAME_REFSPEC_PATTERN is set in flags, then
+ * allow a "*" wildcard character in place of one of the name
+ * components.  No leading or repeated slashes are accepted.  If
+ * REFNAME_DOT_COMPONENT is set in flags, then allow refname
+ * components to start with "." (but not a whole component equal to
+ * "." or "..").
+ */
+extern int check_refname_format(const char *ref, int flags);
 
 extern const char *prettify_refname(const char *refname);
 extern char *shorten_unambiguous_ref(const char *ref, int strict);
diff --git a/remote-curl.c b/remote-curl.c
index 0aa4bfe..48c20b8 100644
--- a/remote-curl.c
+++ b/remote-curl.c
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@
 	http_ret = http_get_strbuf(refs_url, &buffer, HTTP_NO_CACHE);
 
 	/* try again with "plain" url (no ? or & appended) */
-	if (http_ret != HTTP_OK) {
+	if (http_ret != HTTP_OK && http_ret != HTTP_NOAUTH) {
 		free(refs_url);
 		strbuf_reset(&buffer);
 
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@
 	return err;
 }
 
-static struct ref *parse_git_refs(struct discovery *heads)
+static struct ref *parse_git_refs(struct discovery *heads, int for_push)
 {
 	struct ref *list = NULL;
 	struct async async;
@@ -200,7 +200,8 @@
 
 	if (start_async(&async))
 		die("cannot start thread to parse advertised refs");
-	get_remote_heads(async.out, &list, 0, NULL, 0, NULL);
+	get_remote_heads(async.out, &list,
+			for_push ? REF_NORMAL : 0, NULL);
 	close(async.out);
 	if (finish_async(&async))
 		die("ref parsing thread failed");
@@ -268,7 +269,7 @@
 		heads = discover_refs("git-upload-pack");
 
 	if (heads->proto_git)
-		return parse_git_refs(heads);
+		return parse_git_refs(heads, for_push);
 	return parse_info_refs(heads);
 }
 
@@ -859,7 +860,7 @@
 
 	url = strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
 
-	http_init(remote);
+	http_init(remote, url, 0);
 
 	do {
 		if (strbuf_getline(&buf, stdin, '\n') == EOF) {
diff --git a/remote.c b/remote.c
index 6ececc4..e2ef991 100644
--- a/remote.c
+++ b/remote.c
@@ -493,23 +493,6 @@
 }
 
 /*
- * We need to make sure the remote-tracking branches are well formed, but a
- * wildcard refspec in "struct refspec" must have a trailing slash. We
- * temporarily drop the trailing '/' while calling check_ref_format(),
- * and put it back.  The caller knows that a CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL
- * error return is Ok for a wildcard refspec.
- */
-static int verify_refname(char *name, int is_glob)
-{
-	int result;
-
-	result = check_ref_format(name);
-	if (is_glob && result == CHECK_REF_FORMAT_WILDCARD)
-		result = CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK;
-	return result;
-}
-
-/*
  * This function frees a refspec array.
  * Warning: code paths should be checked to ensure that the src
  *          and dst pointers are always freeable pointers as well
@@ -532,13 +515,13 @@
 static struct refspec *parse_refspec_internal(int nr_refspec, const char **refspec, int fetch, int verify)
 {
 	int i;
-	int st;
 	struct refspec *rs = xcalloc(sizeof(*rs), nr_refspec);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < nr_refspec; i++) {
 		size_t llen;
 		int is_glob;
 		const char *lhs, *rhs;
+		int flags;
 
 		is_glob = 0;
 
@@ -576,6 +559,7 @@
 
 		rs[i].pattern = is_glob;
 		rs[i].src = xstrndup(lhs, llen);
+		flags = REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL | (is_glob ? REFNAME_REFSPEC_PATTERN : 0);
 
 		if (fetch) {
 			/*
@@ -585,26 +569,20 @@
 			 */
 			if (!*rs[i].src)
 				; /* empty is ok */
-			else {
-				st = verify_refname(rs[i].src, is_glob);
-				if (st && st != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL)
-					goto invalid;
-			}
+			else if (check_refname_format(rs[i].src, flags))
+				goto invalid;
 			/*
 			 * RHS
 			 * - missing is ok, and is same as empty.
 			 * - empty is ok; it means not to store.
 			 * - otherwise it must be a valid looking ref.
 			 */
-			if (!rs[i].dst) {
+			if (!rs[i].dst)
 				; /* ok */
-			} else if (!*rs[i].dst) {
+			else if (!*rs[i].dst)
 				; /* ok */
-			} else {
-				st = verify_refname(rs[i].dst, is_glob);
-				if (st && st != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL)
-					goto invalid;
-			}
+			else if (check_refname_format(rs[i].dst, flags))
+				goto invalid;
 		} else {
 			/*
 			 * LHS
@@ -616,8 +594,7 @@
 			if (!*rs[i].src)
 				; /* empty is ok */
 			else if (is_glob) {
-				st = verify_refname(rs[i].src, is_glob);
-				if (st && st != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL)
+				if (check_refname_format(rs[i].src, flags))
 					goto invalid;
 			}
 			else
@@ -630,14 +607,12 @@
 			 * - otherwise it must be a valid looking ref.
 			 */
 			if (!rs[i].dst) {
-				st = verify_refname(rs[i].src, is_glob);
-				if (st && st != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL)
+				if (check_refname_format(rs[i].src, flags))
 					goto invalid;
 			} else if (!*rs[i].dst) {
 				goto invalid;
 			} else {
-				st = verify_refname(rs[i].dst, is_glob);
-				if (st && st != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL)
+				if (check_refname_format(rs[i].dst, flags))
 					goto invalid;
 			}
 		}
@@ -1167,12 +1142,15 @@
 }
 
 /*
- * Note. This is used only by "push"; refspec matching rules for
- * push and fetch are subtly different, so do not try to reuse it
- * without thinking.
+ * Given the set of refs the local repository has, the set of refs the
+ * remote repository has, and the refspec used for push, determine
+ * what remote refs we will update and with what value by setting
+ * peer_ref (which object is being pushed) and force (if the push is
+ * forced) in elements of "dst". The function may add new elements to
+ * dst (e.g. pushing to a new branch, done in match_explicit_refs).
  */
-int match_refs(struct ref *src, struct ref **dst,
-	       int nr_refspec, const char **refspec, int flags)
+int match_push_refs(struct ref *src, struct ref **dst,
+		    int nr_refspec, const char **refspec, int flags)
 {
 	struct refspec *rs;
 	int send_all = flags & MATCH_REFS_ALL;
@@ -1424,8 +1402,8 @@
 
 	for (rmp = &ref_map; *rmp; ) {
 		if ((*rmp)->peer_ref) {
-			int st = check_ref_format((*rmp)->peer_ref->name + 5);
-			if (st && st != CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL) {
+			if (check_refname_format((*rmp)->peer_ref->name + 5,
+				REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL)) {
 				struct ref *ignore = *rmp;
 				error("* Ignoring funny ref '%s' locally",
 				      (*rmp)->peer_ref->name);
@@ -1617,7 +1595,7 @@
 	int len;
 
 	/* we already know it starts with refs/ to get here */
-	if (check_ref_format(refname + 5))
+	if (check_refname_format(refname + 5, 0))
 		return 0;
 
 	len = strlen(refname) + 1;
diff --git a/remote.h b/remote.h
index f2541b5..b395598 100644
--- a/remote.h
+++ b/remote.h
@@ -96,8 +96,8 @@
 char *apply_refspecs(struct refspec *refspecs, int nr_refspec,
 		     const char *name);
 
-int match_refs(struct ref *src, struct ref **dst,
-	       int nr_refspec, const char **refspec, int all);
+int match_push_refs(struct ref *src, struct ref **dst,
+		    int nr_refspec, const char **refspec, int all);
 void set_ref_status_for_push(struct ref *remote_refs, int send_mirror,
 	int force_update);
 
diff --git a/revision.c b/revision.c
index 3d2deed..8764dde 100644
--- a/revision.c
+++ b/revision.c
@@ -40,6 +40,47 @@
 	return n;
 }
 
+static int show_path_component_truncated(FILE *out, const char *name, int len)
+{
+	int cnt;
+	for (cnt = 0; cnt < len; cnt++) {
+		int ch = name[cnt];
+		if (!ch || ch == '\n')
+			return -1;
+		fputc(ch, out);
+	}
+	return len;
+}
+
+static int show_path_truncated(FILE *out, const struct name_path *path)
+{
+	int emitted, ours;
+
+	if (!path)
+		return 0;
+	emitted = show_path_truncated(out, path->up);
+	if (emitted < 0)
+		return emitted;
+	if (emitted)
+		fputc('/', out);
+	ours = show_path_component_truncated(out, path->elem, path->elem_len);
+	if (ours < 0)
+		return ours;
+	return ours || emitted;
+}
+
+void show_object_with_name(FILE *out, struct object *obj, const struct name_path *path, const char *component)
+{
+	struct name_path leaf;
+	leaf.up = (struct name_path *)path;
+	leaf.elem = component;
+	leaf.elem_len = strlen(component);
+
+	fprintf(out, "%s ", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
+	show_path_truncated(out, &leaf);
+	fputc('\n', out);
+}
+
 void add_object(struct object *obj,
 		struct object_array *p,
 		struct name_path *path,
@@ -185,6 +226,13 @@
 	return object;
 }
 
+void add_pending_sha1(struct rev_info *revs, const char *name,
+		      const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	struct object *object = get_reference(revs, name, sha1, flags);
+	add_pending_object(revs, object, name);
+}
+
 static struct commit *handle_commit(struct rev_info *revs, struct object *object, const char *name)
 {
 	unsigned long flags = object->flags;
@@ -856,7 +904,7 @@
 	struct object *object = get_reference(cb->all_revs, path, sha1,
 					      cb->all_flags);
 	add_rev_cmdline(cb->all_revs, object, path, REV_CMD_REF, cb->all_flags);
-	add_pending_object(cb->all_revs, object, path);
+	add_pending_sha1(cb->all_revs, path, sha1, cb->all_flags);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1377,6 +1425,11 @@
 		revs->tree_objects = 1;
 		revs->blob_objects = 1;
 		revs->edge_hint = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--verify-objects")) {
+		revs->tag_objects = 1;
+		revs->tree_objects = 1;
+		revs->blob_objects = 1;
+		revs->verify_objects = 1;
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--unpacked")) {
 		revs->unpacked = 1;
 	} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--unpacked=")) {
@@ -2004,7 +2057,8 @@
 		}
 		e++;
 	}
-	free(list);
+	if (!revs->leak_pending)
+		free(list);
 
 	if (revs->no_walk)
 		return 0;
diff --git a/revision.h b/revision.h
index 93d3155..6aa53d1 100644
--- a/revision.h
+++ b/revision.h
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@
 			tag_objects:1,
 			tree_objects:1,
 			blob_objects:1,
+			verify_objects:1,
 			edge_hint:1,
 			limited:1,
 			unpacked:1,
@@ -117,6 +118,7 @@
 			date_mode_explicit:1,
 			preserve_subject:1;
 	unsigned int	disable_stdin:1;
+	unsigned int	leak_pending:1;
 
 	enum date_mode date_mode;
 
@@ -205,12 +207,15 @@
 
 char *path_name(const struct name_path *path, const char *name);
 
+extern void show_object_with_name(FILE *, struct object *, const struct name_path *, const char *);
+
 extern void add_object(struct object *obj,
 		       struct object_array *p,
 		       struct name_path *path,
 		       const char *name);
 
 extern void add_pending_object(struct rev_info *revs, struct object *obj, const char *name);
+extern void add_pending_sha1(struct rev_info *revs, const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned int flags);
 
 extern void add_head_to_pending(struct rev_info *);
 
diff --git a/sequencer.c b/sequencer.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d1f28a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sequencer.c
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "sequencer.h"
+#include "strbuf.h"
+#include "dir.h"
+
+void remove_sequencer_state(void)
+{
+	struct strbuf seq_dir = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+	strbuf_addf(&seq_dir, "%s", git_path(SEQ_DIR));
+	remove_dir_recursively(&seq_dir, 0);
+	strbuf_release(&seq_dir);
+}
diff --git a/sequencer.h b/sequencer.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2d4528f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sequencer.h
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+#ifndef SEQUENCER_H
+#define SEQUENCER_H
+
+#define SEQ_DIR		"sequencer"
+#define SEQ_HEAD_FILE	"sequencer/head"
+#define SEQ_TODO_FILE	"sequencer/todo"
+#define SEQ_OPTS_FILE	"sequencer/opts"
+
+/* Removes SEQ_DIR. */
+extern void remove_sequencer_state(void);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/setup.c b/setup.c
index 27c1d47..61c22e6 100644
--- a/setup.c
+++ b/setup.c
@@ -236,38 +236,6 @@
 	return pathspec;
 }
 
-const char *pathspec_prefix(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec)
-{
-	const char **p, *n, *prev;
-	unsigned long max;
-
-	if (!pathspec)
-		return prefix ? xmemdupz(prefix, strlen(prefix)) : NULL;
-
-	prev = NULL;
-	max = PATH_MAX;
-	for (p = pathspec; (n = *p) != NULL; p++) {
-		int i, len = 0;
-		for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
-			char c = n[i];
-			if (prev && prev[i] != c)
-				break;
-			if (!c || c == '*' || c == '?')
-				break;
-			if (c == '/')
-				len = i+1;
-		}
-		prev = n;
-		if (len < max) {
-			max = len;
-			if (!max)
-				break;
-		}
-	}
-
-	return max ? xmemdupz(prev, max) : NULL;
-}
-
 /*
  * Test if it looks like we're at a git directory.
  * We want to see:
@@ -812,3 +780,10 @@
 {
 	return setup_git_directory_gently(NULL);
 }
+
+const char *resolve_gitdir(const char *suspect)
+{
+	if (is_git_directory(suspect))
+		return suspect;
+	return read_gitfile(suspect);
+}
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index e002056..956422b 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -248,27 +248,30 @@
 	const char *objdir = get_object_directory();
 	struct alternate_object_database *ent;
 	struct alternate_object_database *alt;
-	/* 43 = 40-byte + 2 '/' + terminating NUL */
-	int pfxlen = len;
-	int entlen = pfxlen + 43;
-	int base_len = -1;
+	int pfxlen, entlen;
+	struct strbuf pathbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
 
 	if (!is_absolute_path(entry) && relative_base) {
-		/* Relative alt-odb */
-		if (base_len < 0)
-			base_len = strlen(relative_base) + 1;
-		entlen += base_len;
-		pfxlen += base_len;
+		strbuf_addstr(&pathbuf, real_path(relative_base));
+		strbuf_addch(&pathbuf, '/');
 	}
+	strbuf_add(&pathbuf, entry, len);
+
+	normalize_path_copy(pathbuf.buf, pathbuf.buf);
+
+	pfxlen = strlen(pathbuf.buf);
+
+	/*
+	 * The trailing slash after the directory name is given by
+	 * this function at the end. Remove duplicates.
+	 */
+	while (pfxlen && pathbuf.buf[pfxlen-1] == '/')
+		pfxlen -= 1;
+
+	entlen = pfxlen + 43; /* '/' + 2 hex + '/' + 38 hex + NUL */
 	ent = xmalloc(sizeof(*ent) + entlen);
-
-	if (!is_absolute_path(entry) && relative_base) {
-		memcpy(ent->base, relative_base, base_len - 1);
-		ent->base[base_len - 1] = '/';
-		memcpy(ent->base + base_len, entry, len);
-	}
-	else
-		memcpy(ent->base, entry, pfxlen);
+	memcpy(ent->base, pathbuf.buf, pfxlen);
+	strbuf_release(&pathbuf);
 
 	ent->name = ent->base + pfxlen + 1;
 	ent->base[pfxlen + 3] = '/';
@@ -1264,7 +1267,8 @@
 	while (c & 0x80) {
 		if (len <= used || bitsizeof(long) <= shift) {
 			error("bad object header");
-			return 0;
+			size = used = 0;
+			break;
 		}
 		c = buf[used++];
 		size += (c & 0x7f) << shift;
@@ -1984,7 +1988,7 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *p)
+int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *p)
 {
 	/* An already open pack is known to be valid. */
 	if (p->pack_fd != -1)
@@ -2035,7 +2039,7 @@
 			 * was loaded!
 			 */
 			if (!is_pack_valid(p)) {
-				error("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);