Merge branch 'jk/pending-keep-tag-name' into maint

History traversal with "git log --source" that starts with an
annotated tag failed to report the tag as "source", due to an
old regression in the command line parser back in v2.2 days.

* jk/pending-keep-tag-name:
  revision.c: propagate tag names from pending array
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 5bfb234..4fd81ba 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@
 /git-index-pack
 /git-init
 /git-init-db
+/git-interpret-trailers
 /git-instaweb
 /git-log
 /git-ls-files
@@ -170,6 +171,7 @@
 /git-verify-tag
 /git-web--browse
 /git-whatchanged
+/git-worktree
 /git-write-tree
 /git-core-*/?*
 /gitweb/GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
@@ -183,6 +185,7 @@
 /test-delta
 /test-dump-cache-tree
 /test-dump-split-index
+/test-dump-untracked-cache
 /test-scrap-cache-tree
 /test-genrandom
 /test-hashmap
@@ -199,8 +202,10 @@
 /test-revision-walking
 /test-run-command
 /test-sha1
+/test-sha1-array
 /test-sigchain
 /test-string-list
+/test-submodule-config
 /test-subprocess
 /test-svn-fe
 /test-urlmatch-normalization
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index 8aefb5a..e5b4126 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
 Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@steel.home>
 Alex Vandiver <alex@chmrr.net> <alexmv@MIT.EDU>
 Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
+Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>
 Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <zapped@mail.ru>
 Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <Alex.Crezoff@gmail.com>
 Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@ksplice.com>
@@ -185,7 +186,7 @@
 Philipp A. Hartmann <pah@qo.cx> <ph@sorgh.de>
 Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
 Ralf Thielow <ralf.thielow@gmail.com> <ralf.thielow@googlemail.com>
-Ramsay Allan Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
+Ramsay Jones <ramsay@ramsayjones.plus.com> <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
 René Scharfe <l.s.r@web.de> <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
 Robert Fitzsimons <robfitz@273k.net>
 Robert Shearman <robertshearman@gmail.com> <rob@codeweavers.com>
@@ -205,6 +206,7 @@
 Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <simon@lst.de>
 Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <shausman@trolltech.com>
 Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <stefanbeller@googlemail.com>
+Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <sbeller@google.com>
 Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@atlas-elektronik.com>
 Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@googlemail.com>
 Stefan Sperling <stsp@elego.de> <stsp@stsp.name>
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 894546d..c6e536f 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 Like other projects, we also have some guidelines to keep to the
-code.  For Git in general, three rough rules are:
+code.  For Git in general, a few rough rules are:
 
  - Most importantly, we never say "It's in POSIX; we'll happily
    ignore your needs should your system not conform to it."
@@ -328,9 +328,14 @@
 
  - When you come up with an API, document it.
 
- - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific
-   compat/ implementations, should be git-compat-util.h or another
-   header file that includes it, such as cache.h or builtin.h.
+ - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific compat/
+   implementations, must be either "git-compat-util.h", "cache.h" or
+   "builtin.h".  You do not have to include more than one of these.
+
+ - A C file must directly include the header files that declare the
+   functions and the types it uses, except for the functions and types
+   that are made available to it by including one of the header files
+   it must include by the previous rule.
 
  - If you are planning a new command, consider writing it in shell
    or perl first, so that changes in semantics can be easily
@@ -413,6 +418,29 @@
  - Say what the error is first ("cannot open %s", not "%s: cannot open")
 
 
+Externally Visible Names
+
+ - For configuration variable names, follow the existing convention:
+
+   . The section name indicates the affected subsystem.
+
+   . The subsection name, if any, indicates which of an unbounded set
+     of things to set the value for.
+
+   . The variable name describes the effect of tweaking this knob.
+
+   The section and variable names that consist of multiple words are
+   formed by concatenating the words without punctuations (e.g. `-`),
+   and are broken using bumpyCaps in documentation as a hint to the
+   reader.
+
+   When choosing the variable namespace, do not use variable name for
+   specifying possibly unbounded set of things, most notably anything
+   an end user can freely come up with (e.g. branch names).  Instead,
+   use subsection names or variable values, like the existing variable
+   branch.<name>.description does.
+
+
 Writing Documentation:
 
  Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
@@ -441,6 +469,10 @@
    --sort=<key>
    --abbrev[=<n>]
 
+ If a placeholder has multiple words, they are separated by dashes:
+   <new-branch-name>
+   --template=<template-directory>
+
  Possibility of multiple occurrences is indicated by three dots:
    <file>...
    (One or more of <file>.)
@@ -457,12 +489,12 @@
    (Zero or more of <patch>.  Note that the dots are inside, not
    outside the brackets.)
 
- Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bar:
+ Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bars:
    [-q | --quiet]
    [--utf8 | --no-utf8]
 
  Parentheses are used for grouping:
-   [(<rev>|<range>)...]
+   [(<rev> | <range>)...]
    (Any number of either <rev> or <range>.  Parens are needed to make
    it clear that "..." pertains to both <rev> and <range>.)
 
@@ -494,7 +526,7 @@
  `backticks around word phrases`, do so.
    `--pretty=oneline`
    `git rev-list`
-   `remote.pushdefault`
+   `remote.pushDefault`
 
  Word phrases enclosed in `backtick characters` are rendered literally
  and will not be further expanded. The use of `backticks` to achieve the
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index cea0e7a..3e39e28 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
 TECH_DOCS =
 ARTICLES =
 SP_ARTICLES =
+OBSOLETE_HTML =
 
 MAN1_TXT += $(filter-out \
 		$(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
@@ -26,6 +27,7 @@
 MAN7_TXT += gitcredentials.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gitcvs-migration.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gitdiffcore.txt
+MAN7_TXT += giteveryday.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gitglossary.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gitnamespaces.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gitrevisions.txt
@@ -37,11 +39,11 @@
 MAN_XML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
 MAN_HTML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
 
-OBSOLETE_HTML = git-remote-helpers.html
+OBSOLETE_HTML += everyday.html
+OBSOLETE_HTML += git-remote-helpers.html
 DOC_HTML = $(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
 
 ARTICLES += howto-index
-ARTICLES += everyday
 ARTICLES += git-tools
 ARTICLES += git-bisect-lk2009
 # with their own formatting rules.
@@ -97,6 +99,13 @@
 
 ASCIIDOC = asciidoc
 ASCIIDOC_EXTRA =
+ASCIIDOC_HTML = xhtml11
+ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK = docbook
+ASCIIDOC_CONF = -f asciidoc.conf
+ASCIIDOC_COMMON = $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) $(ASCIIDOC_CONF) \
+		-agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION)
+TXT_TO_HTML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_HTML)
+TXT_TO_XML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK)
 MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
 XMLTO = xmlto
 XMLTO_EXTRA =
@@ -304,14 +313,12 @@
 
 $(MAN_HTML): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
 	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
-	$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
-		$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+	$(TXT_TO_HTML) -d manpage -o $@+ $< && \
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 $(OBSOLETE_HTML): %.html : %.txto asciidoc.conf
 	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
-	$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
-		$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+	$(TXT_TO_HTML) -o $@+ $< && \
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
@@ -323,13 +330,12 @@
 
 %.xml : %.txt asciidoc.conf
 	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
-	$(ASCIIDOC) -b docbook -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
-		$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+	$(TXT_TO_XML) -d manpage -o $@+ $< && \
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 user-manual.xml: user-manual.txt user-manual.conf
 	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
-	$(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b docbook -d article -o $@+ $< && \
+	$(TXT_TO_XML) -d article -o $@+ $< && \
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
@@ -338,8 +344,7 @@
 
 technical/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
 $(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index $(TECH_DOCS)): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
-	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
-		$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) $*.txt
+	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(TXT_TO_HTML) $*.txt
 
 XSLT = docbook.xsl
 XSLTOPTS = --xinclude --stringparam html.stylesheet docbook-xsl.css
@@ -386,14 +391,15 @@
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES)) : %.html : %.txt
-	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 $*.txt
+	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(TXT_TO_HTML) $*.txt
 
 WEBDOC_DEST = /pub/software/scm/git/docs
 
 howto/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
 $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(wildcard howto/*.txt)): %.html : %.txt
 	$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
-	sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 - >$@+ && \
+	sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | \
+	$(TXT_TO_HTML) - >$@+ && \
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 install-webdoc : html
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt
index 7655ccc..6eff128 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@
    logic used by "git diff" to determine the hunk header.
 
  * Invoking the low-level "git http-fetch" without "-a" option (which
-   git itself never did---normal users should not have to worry about
+   git itself never did--normal users should not have to worry about
    this) is now deprecated.
 
  * The "--decorate" option to "git log" and its family learned to
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
index fc3ea18..986637b 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 Git v1.8.3.1 Release Notes
-========================
+==========================
 
 Fixes since v1.8.3
 ------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.1.txt
index 3aa25a2..96090ef 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.1.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 Git v1.8.4.1 Release Notes
-========================
+==========================
 
 Fixes since v1.8.4
 ------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.2.txt
index 9adccb1..bf6fb1a 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.2.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 Git v1.8.4.2 Release Notes
-========================
+==========================
 
 Fixes since v1.8.4.1
 --------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.3.txt
index 03f3d17..267a1b3 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.3.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.3.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 Git v1.8.4.3 Release Notes
-========================
+==========================
 
 Fixes since v1.8.4.2
 --------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.4.txt
index 7bc4c5dc..a7c1ce1 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.4.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 Git v1.8.4.4 Release Notes
-========================
+==========================
 
 Fixes since v1.8.4.3
 --------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92ff92b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.8.5.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.5.5
+--------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+   running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+   such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+   would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+   the user would have expected.  Git now prevents you from tracking
+   a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+   are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+   ".git/config".  HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+   codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+   it were ".git/config".  Pathnames with these potential issues are
+   rejected on the affected systems.  Git on systems that are not
+   affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+   reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+   projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+   be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+   set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+   rejected.  Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+   filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+   insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.0.txt
index 752d791..4e4b88a 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.0.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.0.txt
@@ -177,7 +177,7 @@
  * The naming convention of the packfiles has been updated; it used to
    be based on the enumeration of names of the objects that are
    contained in the pack, but now it also depends on how the packed
-   result is represented---packing the same set of objects using
+   result is represented--packing the same set of objects using
    different settings (or delta order) would produce a pack with
    different name.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8d6ac0c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.9.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v1.9.4
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+   running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+   such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+   would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+   the user would have expected.  Git now prevents you from tracking
+   a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+   are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+   ".git/config".  HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+   codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+   it were ".git/config".  Pathnames with these potential issues are
+   rejected on the affected systems.  Git on systems that are not
+   affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+   reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+   projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+   be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+   set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+   rejected.  Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+   filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+   insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3a16f69
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.0.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.0.4
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+   running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+   such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+   would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+   the user would have expected.  Git now prevents you from tracking
+   a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+   are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+   ".git/config".  HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+   codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+   it were ".git/config".  Pathnames with these potential issues are
+   rejected on the affected systems.  Git on systems that are not
+   affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+   reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+   projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+   be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+   set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+   rejected.  Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+   filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+   insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..acc9ebb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+Git v2.1.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+ * Some MUAs mangled a line in a message that begins with "From " to
+   ">From " when writing to a mailbox file and feeding such an input to
+   "git am" used to lose such a line.
+
+ * "git daemon" (with NO_IPV6 build configuration) used to incorrectly
+   use the hostname even when gethostbyname() reported that the given
+   hostname is not found.
+
+ * Newer versions of 'meld' breaks the auto-detection we use to see if
+   they are new enough to support the `--output` option.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" forgot to disable the codepath to generate
+   object recheability bitmap when it needs to split the resulting
+   pack.
+
+ * "gitweb" used deprecated CGI::startfrom, which was removed from
+   CGI.pm as of 4.04; use CGI::start_from instead.
+
+ * "git log" documentation had an example section marked up not
+   quite correctly, which passed AsciiDoc but failed with
+   AsciiDoctor.
+
+Also contains some documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d16e5f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.1.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.1.3
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+   running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+   such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+   would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+   the user would have expected.  Git now prevents you from tracking
+   a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+   are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+   ".git/config".  HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+   codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+   it were ".git/config".  Pathnames with these potential issues are
+   rejected on the affected systems.  Git on systems that are not
+   affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+   reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+   projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+   be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+   set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+   rejected.  Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+   filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+   insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
index 5f0c421..e98ecbc 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
@@ -9,44 +9,72 @@
  * Building on older MacOS X systems automatically sets
    the necessary NO_APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO build-time option.
 
+ * Building with NO_PTHREADS has been resurrected.
+
+ * Compilation options have been updated a bit to better support the
+   z/OS port.
+
 
 UI, Workflows & Features
 
- * "git archive" learned to filter what gets archived with pathspec.
+ * "git archive" learned to filter what gets archived with a pathspec.
 
  * "git config --edit --global" starts from a skeletal per-user
    configuration file contents, instead of a total blank, when the
-   user does not already have any.  This immediately reduces the
-   need for a later "Have you forgotten setting core.user?" and we
-   can add more to the template as we gain more experience.
+   user does not already have any global config.  This immediately
+   reduces the need to later ask "Have you forgotten to set
+   core.user?", and we can add more to the template as we gain
+   more experience.
 
  * "git stash list -p" used to be almost always a no-op because each
    stash entry is represented as a merge commit.  It learned to show
    the difference between the base commit version and the working tree
-   version, which is in line with what "git show" gives.
+   version, which is in line with what "git stash show" gives.
 
  * Sometimes users want to report a bug they experience on their
    repository, but they are not at liberty to share the contents of
    the repository.  "fast-export" was taught an "--anonymize" option
-   to replace blob contents, names of people and paths and log
+   to replace blob contents, names of people, paths and log
    messages with bland and simple strings to help them.
 
- * "log --date=iso" uses a slight variant of ISO 8601 format that is
-   made more human readable.  A new "--date=iso-strict" option gives
-   datetime output that is more strictly conformant.
+ * "git difftool" learned an option to stop feeding paths to the
+   diff backend when it exits with a non-zero status.
+
+ * "git grep" learned to paint (or not paint) partial matches on
+   context lines when showing "grep -C<num>" output in color.
+
+ * "log --date=iso" uses a slight variant of the ISO 8601 format that is
+   more human readable.  A new "--date=iso-strict" option gives
+   datetime output that conforms more strictly.
+
+ * The logic "git prune" uses is more resilient against various corner
+   cases.
 
  * A broken reimplementation of Git could write an invalid index that
-   records both stage #0 and higher stage entries for the same path.
+   records both stage #0 and higher-stage entries for the same path.
    We now notice and reject such an index, as there is no sensible
    fallback (we do not know if the broken tool wanted to resolve and
-   forgot to remove higher stage entries, or if it wanted to unresolve
-   and forgot to remove the stage#0 entry).
+   forgot to remove the higher-stage entries, or if it wanted to unresolve
+   and forgot to remove the stage #0 entry).
+
+ * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses are renamed to avoid too
+   many dots in them (e.g. a temporary file for "hello.c" used to be
+   named e.g. "hello.BASE.4321.c" but now uses underscore instead,
+   e.g. "hello_BASE_4321.c", to allow us to have multiple variants).
+
+ * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses can be placed in a newly
+   created temporary directory, instead of the current directory, by
+   setting the mergetool.writeToTemp configuration variable.
+
+ * "git mergetool" understands "--tool bc" now, as version 4 of
+   BeyondCompare can be driven the same way as its version 3 and it
+   feels awkward to say "--tool bc3" to run version 4.
 
  * The "pre-receive" and "post-receive" hooks are no longer required
    to consume their input fully (not following this requirement used
    to result in intermittent errors in "git push").
 
- * The pretty-format specifier "%d", which expanded to " (tagname)"
+ * The pretty-format specifier "%d", which expands to " (tagname)"
    for a tagged commit, gained a cousin "%D" that just gives the
    "tagname" without frills.
 
@@ -58,42 +86,55 @@
    public repository really point the commits the pusher wanted to,
    without having to "trust" the server.
 
-Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+ * "git interpret-trailers" is a new filter to programmatically edit
+   the tail end of the commit log messages, e.g. "Signed-off-by:".
 
- * The API to manipulate the "refs" is currently undergoing a revamp
-   to make it more transactional, with the eventual goal to allow
-   all-or-none atomic updates and migrating the storage to something
-   other than the traditional filesystem based one (e.g. databases).
+ * "git help everyday" shows the "Everyday Git in 20 commands or so"
+   document, whose contents have been updated to match more modern
+   Git practice.
+
+ * On the "git svn" front, work progresses to reduce memory consumption and
+   to improve handling of mergeinfo.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The API to manipulate the "refs" has been restructured to make it
+   more transactional, with the eventual goal to allow all-or-none
+   atomic updates and migrating the storage to something other than
+   the traditional filesystem based one (e.g. databases).
+
+ * The lockfile API and its users have been cleaned up.
 
  * We no longer attempt to keep track of individual dependencies to
-   the header files in the build procedure, relying on automated
+   the header files in the build procedure, relying instead on automated
    dependency generation support from modern compilers.
 
  * In tests, we have been using NOT_{MINGW,CYGWIN} test prerequisites
    long before negated prerequisites e.g. !MINGW were invented.
    The former has been converted to the latter to avoid confusion.
 
- * Looking up remotes configuration in a repository with very many
-   remotes defined has been optimized.
+ * Optimized looking up a remote's configuration in a repository with very many
+   remotes defined.
 
  * There are cases where you lock and open to write a file, close it
-   to show the updated contents to external processes, and then have
-   to update the file again while still holding the lock, but the
-   lockfile API lacked support for such an access pattern.
+   to show the updated contents to an external processes, and then have
+   to update the file again while still holding the lock; now the
+   lockfile API has support for such an access pattern.
 
  * The API to allocate the structure to keep track of commit
    decoration has been updated to make it less cumbersome to use.
 
  * An in-core caching layer to let us avoid reading the same
-   configuration files number of times has been added.  A few commands
+   configuration files several times has been added.  A few commands
    have been converted to use this subsystem.
 
  * Various code paths have been cleaned up and simplified by using
-   "strbuf", "starts_with()", and "skip_prefix()" APIs more.
+   the "strbuf", "starts_with()", and "skip_prefix()" APIs more.
 
  * A few codepaths that died when large blobs that would not fit in
    core are involved in their operation have been taught to punt
-   instead, by e.g. marking too large a blob as not to be diffed.
+   instead, by e.g. marking a too-large blob as not to be diffed.
 
  * A few more code paths in "commit" and "checkout" have been taught
    to repopulate the cache-tree in the index, to help speed up later
@@ -101,7 +142,7 @@
    "status").
 
  * A common programming mistake to assign the same short option name
-   to two separate options is detected by parse_options() API to help
+   to two separate options is detected by the parse_options() API to help
    developers.
 
  * The code path to write out the packed-refs file has been optimized,
@@ -113,7 +154,7 @@
    especially matters in a repository with a large number of existing
    refs.
 
- * "git fsck" was taught to check contents of tag objects a bit more.
+ * "git fsck" was taught to check the contents of tag objects a bit more.
 
  * "git hash-object" was taught a "--literally" option to help
    debugging.
@@ -122,6 +163,19 @@
    original before feeding the filter.  Instead, stream the file
    contents directly to the filter and process its output.
 
+ * The scripts in the test suite can be run with the "-x" option to show
+   a shell-trace of each command they run.
+
+ * The "run-command" API learned to manage the argv and environment
+   arrays for child process, alleviating the need for the callers to
+   allocate and deallocate them.
+
+ * Some people use AsciiDoctor, instead of AsciiDoc, to format our
+   documentation set; the documentation has been adjusted to be usable
+   by both, as AsciiDoctor is pickier than AsciiDoc about its input
+   mark-up.
+
+
 Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
 
 
@@ -136,27 +190,22 @@
    mean the more obvious "No output whatsoever" but "Use default
    format", which was counterintuitive.
 
- * Implementations of "tar" that do not understand an extended pax
-   header would extract the contents of it in a regular file; make
-   sure the permission bits of this file follows the same tar.umask
-   configuration setting.
-
  * "git -c section.var command" and "git -c section.var= command"
-   should pass the configuration differently (the former should be a
+   should pass the configuration value differently (the former should be a
    boolean true, the latter should be an empty string).
 
  * Applying a patch not generated by Git in a subdirectory used to
-   check the whitespace breakage using the attributes for incorrect
+   check for whitespace breakage using the attributes of incorrect
    paths. Also whitespace checks were performed even for paths
-   excluded via "git apply --exclude=<path>" mechanism.
+   excluded via the "git apply --exclude=<path>" mechanism.
 
- * "git bundle create" with date-range specification were meant to
+ * "git bundle create" with a date-range specification was meant to
    exclude tags outside the range, but it didn't.
 
- * "git add x" where x that used to be a directory has become a
+ * "git add x" where x used to be a directory and is now a
    symbolic link to a directory misbehaved.
 
- * The prompt script checked $GIT_DIR/ref/stash file to see if there
+ * The prompt script checked the $GIT_DIR/ref/stash file to see if there
    is a stash, which was a no-no.
 
  * Pack-protocol documentation had a minor typo.
@@ -164,8 +213,13 @@
  * "git checkout -m" did not switch to another branch while carrying
    the local changes forward when a path was deleted from the index.
 
+ * "git daemon" (with NO_IPV6 build configuration) used to incorrectly
+   use the hostname even when gethostbyname() reported that the given
+   hostname is not found.
+   (merge 107efbe rs/daemon-fixes later to maint).
+
  * With sufficiently long refnames, "git fast-import" could have
-   overflown an on-stack buffer.
+   overflowed an on-stack buffer.
 
  * After "pack-refs --prune" packed refs at the top-level, it failed
    to prune them.
@@ -180,8 +234,8 @@
    to first check out <branch>.
    (merge 95c6826 so/rebase-doc later to maint).
 
- * "git push" over HTTP transport had an artificial limit on number of
-   refs that can be pushed imposed by the command line length.
+ * "git push" over HTTP transport had an artificial limit on the number of
+   refs that can be pushed, imposed by the command line length.
    (merge 26be19b jk/send-pack-many-refspecs later to maint).
 
  * When receiving an invalid pack stream that records the same object
@@ -196,22 +250,64 @@
    detached HEAD as a starting point to traverse objects still in use.
    (merge c40fdd0 mk/reachable-protect-detached-head later to maint).
 
- * "git config --add section.var val" used to lose existing
-   section.var whose value was an empty string.
+ * "git config --add section.var val" when section.var already has an
+   empty-string value used to lose the empty-string value.
    (merge c1063be ta/config-add-to-empty-or-true-fix later to maint).
 
  * "git fsck" failed to report that it found corrupt objects via its
    exit status in some cases.
    (merge 30d1038 jk/fsck-exit-code-fix later to maint).
 
- * Use of "--verbose" option used to break "git branch --merged".
+ * Use of the "--verbose" option used to break "git branch --merged".
    (merge 12994dd jk/maint-branch-verbose-merged later to maint).
 
- * Some MUAs mangled a line in a message that begins with "From " to
-   ">From " when writing to a mailbox file and feeding such an input
+ * Some MUAs mangle a line in a message that begins with "From " to
+   ">From " when writing to a mailbox file, and feeding such an input
    to "git am" used to lose such a line.
    (merge 85de86a jk/mbox-from-line later to maint).
 
  * "rev-parse --verify --quiet $name" is meant to quietly exit with a
    non-zero status when $name is not a valid object name, but still
    gave error messages in some cases.
+
+ * A handful of C source files have been updated to include
+   "git-compat-util.h" as the first thing, to conform better to our
+   coding guidelines.
+   (merge 1c4b660 da/include-compat-util-first-in-c later to maint).
+
+ * The t7004 test, which tried to run Git with small stack space, has been
+   updated to use a bit larger stack to avoid false breakage on some
+   platforms.
+   (merge b9a1907 sk/tag-contains-wo-recursion later to maint).
+
+ * A few documentation pages had example sections marked up not quite
+   correctly, which passed AsciiDoc but failed with AsciiDoctor.
+   (merge c30c43c bc/asciidoc-pretty-formats-fix later to maint).
+   (merge f8a48af bc/asciidoc later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" used deprecated CGI::startfrom, which was removed from
+   CGI.pm as of 4.04; use CGI::start_from instead.
+   (merge 4750f4b rm/gitweb-start-form later to maint).
+
+ * Newer versions of 'meld' break the auto-detection we use to see if
+   they are new enough to support the `--output` option.
+   (merge b12d045 da/mergetool-meld later to maint).
+
+ * "git pack-objects" forgot to disable the codepath to generate the
+   object reachability bitmap when it needs to split the resulting
+   pack.
+   (merge 2113471 jk/pack-objects-no-bitmap-when-splitting later to maint).
+
+ * The code to use cache-tree trusted the on-disk data too much and
+   fell into an infinite loop upon seeing an incorrectly recorded
+   index file.
+   (merge 729dbbd jk/cache-tree-protect-from-broken-libgit2 later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" into a repository where branch B was deleted earlier,
+   back when it had reflog enabled, and then branch B/C is fetched
+   into it without reflog enabled, which is arguably an unlikely
+   corner case, unnecessarily failed.
+   (merge aae828b jk/fetch-reflog-df-conflict later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --first-parent -L..." used to crash.
+   (merge a8787c5 tm/line-log-first-parent later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d5a3cd9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.2.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+   running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+   such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+   would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+   the user would have expected.  Git now prevents you from tracking
+   a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+   are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+   ".git/config".  HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+   codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+   it were ".git/config".  Pathnames with these potential issues are
+   rejected on the affected systems.  Git on systems that are not
+   affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+   reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+   projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+   be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+   set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+   rejected.  Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+   filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+   insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b19a35d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v2.2.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2.1
+------------------
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+   working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+   still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+   carefully.
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+   an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+   long integers.
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+   configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+   "git push", but it didn't.
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+   when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+   did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+   read them correctly.
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+   option, which it does not.
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+   the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+   used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+   is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+   This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+   dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+   future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+    (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+    (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+   Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+   and mm/dd/yy, though.
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+   has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+   give a file that did not exist.
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+   file.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5bfffa4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+Git v2.2.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2.2
+------------------
+
+ * A handful of codepaths that used to use fixed-sized arrays to hold
+   pathnames have been corrected to use strbuf and other mechanisms to
+   allow longer pathnames without fearing overflows.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e3c639c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,300 @@
+Git v2.3 Release Notes
+======================
+
+This one ended up to be a release with lots of small corrections and
+improvements without big uncomfortably exciting features.  The recent
+security fix that went to 2.2.1 and older maintenance tracks is also
+contained in this update.
+
+
+Updates since v2.2
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Recent gcc toolchain on Cygwin started throwing compilation warning,
+   which has been squelched.
+
+ * A few updates to build on platforms that lack tv_nsec,
+   clock_gettime, CLOCK_MONOTONIC and HMAC_CTX_cleanup (e.g. older
+   RHEL) have been added.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * It was cumbersome to use "GIT_SSH" mechanism when the user wanted
+   to pass an extra set of arguments to the underlying ssh.  A new
+   environment variable GIT_SSH_COMMAND can be used for this.
+
+ * A request to store an empty note via "git notes" meant to remove
+   note from the object but with --allow-empty we will store a
+   (surprise!)  note that is empty.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" learned to properly handle the
+   "Conflicts:" block at the end.
+
+ * "git am" learned "--message-id" option to copy the message ID of
+   the incoming e-mail to the log message of resulting commit.
+
+ * "git clone --reference=<over there>" learned the "--dissociate"
+   option to go with it; it borrows objects from the reference object
+   store while cloning only to reduce network traffic and then
+   dissociates the resulting clone from the reference by performing
+   local copies of borrowed objects.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned "--transfer-encoding" option to force a
+   non-fault Content-Transfer-Encoding header (e.g. base64).
+
+ * "git send-email" normally identifies itself via X-Mailer: header in
+   the message it sends out.  A new command line flag --no-xmailer
+   allows the user to squelch the header.
+
+ * "git push" into a repository with a working tree normally refuses
+   to modify the branch that is checked out.  The command learned to
+   optionally do an equivalent of "git reset --hard" only when there
+   is no change to the working tree and the index instead, which would
+   be useful to "deploy" by pushing into a repository.
+
+ * "git new-workdir" (in contrib/) can be used to populate an empty
+   and existing directory now.
+
+ * Credential helpers are asked in turn until one of them give
+   positive response, which is cumbersome to turn off when you need to
+   run Git in an automated setting.  The credential helper interface
+   learned to allow a helper to say "stop, don't ask other helpers."
+   Also GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT environment can be set to false to disable
+   our built-in prompt mechanism for passwords.
+
+ * "git branch -d" (delete) and "git branch -m" (move) learned to
+   honor "-f" (force) flag; unlike many other subcommands, the way to
+   force these have been with separate "-D/-M" options, which was
+   inconsistent.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" filter (in contrib/) allows its color output to be
+   customized via configuration variables.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to take "-v" (verbose) and "-q" (quiet)
+   command line options.
+
+ * "git remote add $name $URL" is now allowed when "url.$URL.insteadOf"
+   is already defined.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now can be built to use cURL library to talk to
+   IMAP servers (if the library is recent enough, of course).
+   This allows you to use authenticate method other than CRAM-MD5,
+   among other things.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now allows GIT_CURL_VERBOSE environment variable to
+   control the verbosity when talking via the cURL library.
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) learned to optionally hide prompt
+   when in an ignored directory by setting GIT_PS1_HIDE_IF_PWD_IGNORED
+   shell variable.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Earlier we made "rev-list --object-edge" more aggressively list the
+   objects at the edge commits, in order to reduce number of objects 
+   fetched into a shallow repository, but the change affected cases
+   other than "fetching into a shallow repository" and made it
+   unusably slow (e.g. fetching into a normal repository should not
+   have to suffer the overhead from extra processing).  Limit it to a
+   more specific case by introducing --objects-edge-aggressive, a new
+   option to rev-list.
+
+ * Squelched useless compiler warnings on Mac OS X regarding the
+   crypto API.
+
+ * The procedure to generate unicode table has been simplified.
+
+ * Some filesystems assign filemodes in a strange way, fooling then
+   automatic "filemode trustability" check done during a new
+   repository creation.  The initialization codepath has been hardened
+   against this issue.
+
+ * The codepath in "git remote update --prune" to drop many refs has
+   been optimized.
+
+ * The API into get_merge_bases*() family of functions was easy to
+   misuse, which has been corrected to make it harder to do so.
+
+ * Long overdue departure from the assumption that S_IFMT is shared by
+   everybody made in 2005, which was necessary to port to z/OS.
+
+ * "git push" and "git fetch" did not communicate an overlong refname
+   correctly.  Now it uses 64kB sideband to accommodate longer ones.
+
+ * Recent GPG changes the keyring format and drops support for RFC1991
+   formatted signatures, breaking our existing tests.
+
+ * "git-prompt" (in contrib/) used a variable from the global scope,
+   possibly contaminating end-user's namespace.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.2 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git http-push" over WebDAV (aka dumb http-push) was broken in
+   v2.2.2 when parsing a symbolic ref, resulting in a bogus request
+   that gets rejected by recent versions of cURL library.
+   (merge f6786c8 jk/http-push-symref-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The logic in "git bisect bad HEAD" etc. to avoid forcing the test
+   of the common ancestor of bad and good commits was broken.
+   (merge 07913d5 cc/bisect-rev-parsing later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout-index --temp=$target $path" did not work correctly
+   for paths outside the current subdirectory in the project.
+   (merge 74c4de5 es/checkout-index-temp later to maint).
+
+ * The report from "git checkout" on a branch that builds on another
+   local branch by setting its branch.*.merge to branch name (not a
+   full refname) incorrectly said that the upstream is gone.
+   (merge 05e7368 jc/checkout-local-track-report later to maint).
+
+ * With The git-prompt support (in contrib/), using the exit status of
+   the last command in the prompt, e.g.  PS1='$(__git_ps1) $? ', did
+   not work well, because the helper function stomped on the exit
+   status.
+   (merge 6babe76 tf/prompt-preserve-exit-status later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update to "git commit" broke amending an existing commit
+   with bogus author/committer lines without a valid e-mail address.
+   (merge c83a509 jk/commit-date-approxidate later to maint).
+
+ * The lockfile API used to get confused which file to clean up when
+   the process moved the $cwd after creating a lockfile.
+   (merge fa137f6 nd/lockfile-absolute later to maint).
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+   the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+   used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+   is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+   This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+   dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+   future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+    (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+    (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+   Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+   and mm/dd/yy, though.
+   (merge d372395 jk/approxidate-avoid-y-d-m-over-future-dates later to maint).
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+   file.
+   (merge ea41783 jk/read-packed-refs-without-path-max later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+   option, which it does not.
+   (merge 0cef4e7 rw/apply-does-not-take-ignore-date later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -i" did not notice when the interactive command input
+   stream went away and kept asking the same question.
+   (merge a8bec7a jk/add-i-read-error later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-email" did not handle RFC 2047 encoded headers quite
+   right.
+   (merge ab47e2a rd/send-email-2047-fix later to maint).
+
+ * New tag object format validation added in 2.2 showed garbage after
+   a tagname it reported in its error message.
+   (merge a1e920a js/fsck-tag-validation later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+   did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+   read them correctly.
+   (merge 69216bf jk/for-each-reflog-ent-reverse later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -B -M" after making a new copy B out of an existing file
+   A and then editing A extensively ought to report that B was created
+   by copying A and A was modified, which is what "git diff -C"
+   reports, but it instead said A was renamed to B and A was edited
+   heavily in place.  This was not just incoherent but also failed to
+   apply with "git apply".  The report has been corrected to match what
+   "git diff -C" produces for this case.
+   (merge 6936b58 jc/diff-b-m later to maint).
+
+ * In files we pre-populate for the user to edit with commented hints,
+   a line of hint that is indented with a tab used to show as '#' (or
+   any comment char), ' ' (space), and then the hint text that began
+   with the tab, which some editors flag as an indentation error (tab
+   following space).  We now omit the space after the comment char in
+   such a case.
+   (merge d55aeb7 jc/strbuf-add-lines-avoid-sp-ht-sequence later to maint).
+
+ * "git ls-tree" does not support path selection based on negative
+   pathspecs, but did not error out when negative pathspecs are given.
+   (merge f1f6224 nd/ls-tree-pathspec later to maint).
+
+ * The function sometimes returned a non-freeable memory and some
+   other times returned a piece of memory that must be freed, leading
+   to inevitable leaks.
+   (merge 59362e5 jc/exec-cmd-system-path-leak-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+   has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+   (merge 61e704e mh/find-uniq-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+   give a file that did not exist.
+   (merge 1d31e5a mg/add-ignore-errors later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+   working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+   still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+   (merge c5326bd jk/checkout-from-tree later to maint).
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+   carefully.
+   (merge cb35722 jk/colors-fix later to maint).
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+   an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+   (merge ba6fad0 js/windows-open-eisdir-error later to maint).
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+   long integers.
+   (merge 83915ba rs/maint-config-use-labs later to maint).
+   (merge 31a8aa1 rs/receive-pack-use-labs later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+   (merge 13dbf46 jk/gitweb-with-newer-cgi-multi-param later to maint).
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+   configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+   (merge 1f32ecf mh/config-flip-xbit-back-after-checking later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update in Git 2.2 started creating objects/info/packs and
+   info/refs files with permission bits tighter than user's umask.
+   (merge d91175b jk/prune-packed-server-info later to maint).
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+   "git push", but it didn't.
+   (merge 00a6fa0 jk/push-simple later to maint).
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+   (merge 366c8d4 po/everyday-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A few test fixes.
+   (merge 880ef58 jk/no-perl-tests later to maint).
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+   when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+   (merge ca2051d jk/rebuild-perl-scripts-with-no-perl-seting-change later to maint).
+
+ * The usage string of "git log" command was marked incorrectly for
+   l10n.
+   (merge e66dc0c km/log-usage-string-i18n later to maint).
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" mishandled --format="%(upstream:track)" when a
+   branch is marked to have forked from a non-existing branch.
+   (merge b6160d9 rc/for-each-ref-tracking later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cf96186
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+Git v2.3.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+   interface "add -i" used showed and prompted to the user even when
+   the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice" the
+   user could have made was to choose nothing.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate the memory
+   when the fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+   to the "log" command.
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+   name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+   reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+   dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+   side.
+
+ * The documentation incorrectly said that C(opy) and R(ename) are the
+   only ones that can be followed by the score number in the output in
+   the --raw format.
+
+ * Fix a misspelled conditional that is always true.
+
+ * Code to read branch name from various files in .git/ directory
+   would have misbehaved if the code to write them left an empty file.
+
+ * The "git push" documentation made the "--repo=<there>" option
+   easily misunderstood.
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication
+   (e.g. kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password based
+   Basic authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+   broken patches.
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+   not correctly signal errors when told to update the working tree
+   files and failed to do so for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+   tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9d425d8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+Git v2.3.10 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.9
+------------------
+
+ * xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
+   extremely large files.  It uses "int" in many places, which can
+   overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
+   our input files, for example.  Cap the input size to soemwhere
+   around 1GB for now.
+
+ * Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
+   found in the URL.  The URLs that submodules use may come from
+   arbitrary sources (e.g., .gitmodules files in a remote
+   repository), and can hurt those who blindly enable recursive
+   fetch.  Restrict the allowed protocols to well known and safe
+   ones.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..93462e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+Git v2.3.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.1
+------------------
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak when an entry cannot be
+   refreshed for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+   conclude the resulting packfile cleanly.
+
+ * "git blame" died, trying to free an uninitialized piece of memory.
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly in a subdirectory.
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+   "path/to/submodule".
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+   borrows from an alternate object store.
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+   "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+   from the compiler on Mac OSX unnecessarily set minimum required
+   version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+   for other reasons.
+
+ * Longstanding configuration variable naming rules has been added to
+   the documentation.
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+   a user name with an at-sign in it.
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+   material we prepare for the tests to use.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+   "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+   via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+
+ * Reading configuration from a blob object, when it ends with a lone
+   CR, use to confuse the configuration parser.
+
+ * We didn't format an integer that wouldn't fit in "int" but in
+   "uintmax_t" correctly.
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+   the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to "list"
+   command could not fetch from a symbolic reference e.g. HEAD.
+
+ * The insn sheet "git rebase -i" creates did not fully honor
+   core.abbrev settings.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that file becomes unreadable after
+   running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure it
+   is not run as root, we used "can we write into the / directory?" as
+   a cheap substitute, but on some platforms that is not a good
+   heuristics.  The tests and their prerequisites have been updated to
+   check what they really require.
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+   discover in the documentation.
+
+ * Correct a breakage to git-svn around v2.2 era that triggers
+   premature closing of FileHandle.
+
+ * Even though we officially haven't dropped Perl 5.8 support, the
+   Getopt::Long package that came with it does not support "--no-"
+   prefix to negate a boolean option; manually add support to help
+   people with older Getopt::Long package.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ef1264
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git v2.3.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.2
+------------------
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used cause us to segfault.
+
+ * The borrowed code in kwset API did not follow our usual convention
+   to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from 0-255.
+
+ * Description given by "grep -h" for its --exclude-standard option
+   was phrased poorly.
+
+ * Documentaton for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and
+   "--no-tags" and it was not clear that fetch from the remote in
+   the future will use the default behaviour when neither is given
+   to override it.
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat --dirstat=changes" showed a dirstat based on
+   lines that was never asked by the end user in addition to the
+   dirstat that the user asked for.
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+   submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+   updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+   --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+   replacement for GNU patch).
+
+ * "git daemon" looked up the hostname even when "%CH" and "%IP"
+   interpolations are not requested, which was unnecessary.
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+   client declared on the "host=" capability request without checking.
+   Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS name.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..094c7b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+Git v2.3.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.3
+------------------
+
+ * The 'color.status.unmerged' configuration was not described.
+
+ * "git log --decorate" did not reset colors correctly around the
+   branch names.
+
+ * "git -C '' subcmd" refused to work in the current directory, unlike
+   "cd ''" which silently behaves as a no-op.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to optionally talk with an IMAP server via
+   libcURL; because there is no other option when Git is built with
+   NO_OPENSSL option, use that codepath by default under such
+   configuration.
+
+ * A workaround for certain build of GPG that triggered false breakage
+   in a test has been added.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" recently started to include the number of
+   commits in the insn sheet to be processed, but on a platform
+   that prepends leading whitespaces to "wc -l" output, the numbers
+   are shown with extra whitespaces that aren't necessary.
+
+ * We did not parse username followed by literal IPv6 address in SSH
+   transport URLs, e.g. ssh://user@[2001:db8::1]:22/repo.git
+   correctly.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5b309db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+Git v2.3.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.4
+------------------
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) did not show the untracked sign
+   when working in a subdirectory without any untracked files.
+
+ * Even though "git grep --quiet" is run merely to ask for the exit
+   status, we spawned the pager regardless.  Stop doing that.
+
+ * Recommend format-patch and send-email for those who want to submit
+   patches to this project.
+
+ * An failure early in the "git clone" that started creating the
+   working tree and repository could have resulted in some directories
+   and files left without getting cleaned up.
+
+ * "git fetch" that fetches a commit using the allow-tip-sha1-in-want
+   extension could have failed to fetch all the requested refs.
+
+ * The split-index mode introduced at v2.3.0-rc0~41 was broken in the
+   codepath to protect us against a broken reimplementation of Git
+   that writes an invalid index with duplicated index entries, etc.
+
+ * "git prune" used to largely ignore broken refs when deciding which
+   objects are still being used, which could spread an existing small
+   damage and make it a larger one.
+
+ * "git tag -h" used to show the "--column" and "--sort" options
+   that are about listing in a wrong section.
+
+ * The transfer.hiderefs support did not quite work for smart-http
+   transport.
+
+ * The code that reads from the ctags file in the completion script
+   (in contrib/) did not spell ${param/pattern/string} substitution
+   correctly, which happened to work with bash but not with zsh.
+
+ * The explanation on "rebase --preserve-merges", "pull --rebase=preserve",
+   and "push --force-with-lease" in the documentation was unclear.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..432f770
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+Git v2.3.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.5
+------------------
+
+ * "diff-highlight" (in contrib/) used to show byte-by-byte
+   differences, which meant that multi-byte characters can be chopped
+   in the middle.  It learned to pay attention to character boundaries
+   (assuming the UTF-8 payload).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc95812
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+Git v2.3.7 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.6
+------------------
+
+ * An earlier update to the parser that disects a URL broke an
+   address, followed by a colon, followed by an empty string (instead
+   of the port number), e.g. ssh://example.com:/path/to/repo.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) contaminated global namespace
+   and clobbered on a shell variable $x.
+
+ * The "git push --signed" protocol extension did not limit what the
+   "nonce" that is a server-chosen string can contain or how long it
+   can be, which was unnecessarily lax.  Limit both the length and the
+   alphabet to a reasonably small space that can still have enough
+   entropy.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0b67268
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+Git v2.3.8 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.7
+------------------
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+   showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+   directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work.  Also,
+   when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+   and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+   directory, instead of refusing to run.
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+   that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+   entries in it.
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+   the daylight-saving-time offset.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.9.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.9.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1a2ad32
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.9.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+Git v2.3.9 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.8
+------------------
+
+ * A handful of codepaths that used to use fixed-sized arrays to hold
+   pathnames have been corrected to use strbuf and other mechanisms to
+   allow longer pathnames without fearing overflows.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cde64be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,514 @@
+Git 2.4 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Backward compatibility warning(s)
+---------------------------------
+
+This release has a few changes in the user-visible output from
+Porcelain commands. These are not meant to be parsed by scripts, but
+users still may want to be aware of the changes:
+
+ * The output from "git log --decorate" (and, more generally, the "%d"
+   format specifier used in the "--format=<string>" parameter to the
+   "git log" family of commands) has changed. It used to list "HEAD"
+   just like other branches; e.g.,
+
+     $ git log --decorate -1 master
+     commit bdb0f6788fa5e3cacc4315e9ff318a27b2676ff4 (HEAD, master)
+     ...
+
+   This release changes the output slightly when HEAD refers to a
+   branch whose name is also shown in the output. The above is now
+   shown as:
+
+     $ git log --decorate -1 master
+     commit bdb0f6788fa5e3cacc4315e9ff318a27b2676ff4 (HEAD -> master)
+     ...
+
+ * The phrasing "git branch" uses to describe a detached HEAD has been
+   updated to agree with the phrasing used by "git status":
+
+    - When HEAD is at the same commit as when it was originally
+      detached, they now both show "detached at <commit object name>".
+
+    - When HEAD has moved since it was originally detached, they now
+      both show "detached from <commit object name>".
+
+   Previously, "git branch" always used "from".
+
+
+Updates since v2.3
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Our default I/O size (8 MiB) for large files was too large for some
+   platforms with smaller SSIZE_MAX, leading to read(2)/write(2)
+   failures.
+
+ * We did not check the curl library version before using the
+   CURLOPT_PROXYAUTH feature, which did not exist in older versions of
+   the library.
+
+ * We now detect number of CPUs on older BSD-derived systems.
+
+ * Portability fixes and workarounds for shell scripts have been added
+   to help BSD-derived systems.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The command usage info strings given by "git cmd -h" and in
+   documentation have been tweaked for consistency.
+
+ * The "sync" subcommand of "git p4" now allows users to exclude
+   subdirectories like its "clone" subcommand does.
+
+ * "git log --invert-grep --grep=WIP" will show only commits that do
+   not have the string "WIP" in their messages.
+
+ * "git push" has been taught an "--atomic" option that makes a push
+   that updates more than one ref an "all-or-none" affair.
+
+ * Extending the "push to deploy" feature that was added in 2.3, the
+   behaviour of "git push" when updating the branch that is checked
+   out can now be tweaked by a "push-to-checkout" hook.
+
+ * HTTP-based transports now send Accept-Language when making
+   requests. The languages to accept are inferred from environment
+   variables on the client side (LANGUAGE, etc).
+
+ * "git send-email" used to accept a mistaken "y" (or "yes") as an
+   answer to "What encoding do you want to use [UTF-8]?" without
+   questioning. Now it asks for confirmation when the answer looks too
+   short to be a valid encoding name.
+
+ * When "git apply --whitespace=fix" fixed whitespace errors in the
+   common context lines, the command reports that it did so.
+
+ * "git status" now allows the "-v" option to be given twice, in which
+   case it also shows the differences in the working tree that are not
+   staged to be committed.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" used to clean up the log message even when it is
+   merely replaying an existing commit. It now replays the message
+   verbatim unless you are editing the message of the resulting
+   commit.
+
+ * "git archive" can now be told to set the 'text' attribute in the
+   resulting zip archive.
+
+ * Output from "git log --decorate" now distinguishes between a
+   detached HEAD vs. a HEAD that points at a branch.
+
+   This is a potentially backward-incompatible change; see above for
+   more information.
+
+ * When HEAD was detached when at commit xyz and hasn't been moved
+   since it was detached, "git status" would report "detached at xyz"
+   whereas "git branch" would report "detached from xyz". Now the
+   output of "git branch" agrees with that of "git status".
+
+   This is a potentially backward-incompatible change; see above for
+   more information.
+
+ * "git -C '' subcmd" now works in the current directory (analogously
+   to "cd ''") rather than dying with an error message.
+   (merge 6a536e2 kn/git-cd-to-empty later to maint).
+
+ * The versionsort.prereleaseSuffix configuration variable can be used
+   to specify that, for example, v1.0-pre1 comes before v1.0.
+
+ * A new "push.followTags" configuration turns the "--follow-tags"
+   option on by default for the "git push" command.
+
+ * "git log --graph --no-walk A B..." is a nonsensical combination of
+   options: "--no-walk" requests discrete points in the history, while
+   "--graph" asks to draw connections between these discrete points.
+   Forbid the use of these options together.
+
+ * "git rev-list --bisect --first-parent" does not work (yet) and can
+   even cause SEGV; forbid it. "git log --bisect --first-parent" would
+   not be useful until "git bisect --first-parent" materializes, so
+   also forbid it for now.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Slightly change the implementation of the N_() macro to help us
+   detect mistakes.
+
+ * Restructure the implementation of "reflog expire" to fit better
+   with the recently updated reference API.
+
+ * The transport-helper did not pass transport options such as
+   verbosity, progress, cloning, etc. to import and export based
+   helpers, like it did for fetch and push based helpers, robbing them
+   of the chance to honor the wish of the end-users better.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that a file becomes unreadable after
+   running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure
+   that they are not run as root, used "can we write into the /
+   directory?" as a cheap substitute. But on some platforms that is
+   not a good heuristic. The tests and their prerequisites have been
+   updated to check what they really require.
+   (merge f400e51 jk/sanity later to maint).
+
+ * Various issues around "reflog expire", e.g. using --updateref when
+   expiring a reflog for a symbolic reference, have been corrected
+   and/or made saner.
+
+ * The documentation for the strbuf API had been split between the API
+   documentation and the header file. Consolidate the documentation in
+   strbuf.h.
+
+ * The error handling functions and conventions are now documented in
+   the API manual (in api-error-handling.txt).
+
+ * Optimize gitattribute look-up, mostly useful in "git grep" on a
+   project that does not use many attributes, by avoiding it when we
+   (should) know that the attributes are not defined in the first
+   place.
+
+ * Typofix in comments.
+   (merge ef2956a ak/git-pm-typofix later to maint).
+
+ * Code clean-up.
+   (merge 0b868f0 sb/hex-object-name-is-at-most-41-bytes-long later to maint).
+   (merge 5d30851 dp/remove-duplicated-header-inclusion later to maint).
+
+ * Simplify the ref transaction API for verifying that "the ref should
+   be pointing at this object".
+
+ * Simplify the code in "git daemon" that parses out and holds
+   hostnames used in request interpolation.
+
+ * Restructure the "git push" codepath to make it easier to add new
+   configuration bits.
+
+ * The run-command interface made it easy to make a pipe for us to
+   read from a process, wait for the process to finish, and then
+   attempt to read its output. But this pattern can lead to deadlock.
+   So introduce a helper to do this correctly (i.e., first read, and
+   then wait the process to finish) and also add code to prevent such
+   abuse in the run-command helper.
+
+ * People often forget to chain the commands in their test together
+   with &&, letting a failure from an earlier command in the test go
+   unnoticed. The new GIT_TEST_CHAIN_LINT mechanism allows you to
+   catch such a mistake more easily.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.3 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+   tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+   (merge a46442f jk/blame-commit-label later to maint).
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+   not correctly signal errors when it attempted to update the working
+   tree files but failed for whatever reason.
+   (merge 89ea903 jn/rerere-fail-on-auto-update-failure later to maint).
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+   broken patches.
+   (merge 339de50 dk/format-patch-ignore-diff-submodule later to maint).
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication (e.g.,
+   Kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password-based Basic
+   authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+   (merge 4dbe664 bc/http-fallback-to-password-after-krb-fails later to maint).
+
+ * The "git push" documentation for the "--repo=<there>" option was
+   easily misunderstood.
+   (merge 57b92a7 mg/push-repo-option-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Code to read a branch name from various files in the .git/
+   directory would have overrun array limits if asked to read an empty
+   file.
+   (merge 66ec904 jk/status-read-branch-name-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Remove a superfluous conditional that is always true.
+   (merge 94ee8e2 jk/remote-curl-an-array-in-struct-cannot-be-null later to maint).
+
+ * The "git diff --raw" documentation incorrectly implied that C(opy)
+   and R(ename) are the only statuses that can be followed by a score
+   number.
+   (merge ac1c2d9 jc/diff-format-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+   dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+   side.
+   (merge 8b9c2dd jk/dumb-http-idx-fetch-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+   name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+   reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+   (merge 1044b1f mg/commit-author-no-match-malformed-message later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+   to the "log" command.
+   (merge 3cab02d jc/doc-log-rev-list-options later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate memory when the
+   fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+   (merge 407a792 jc/apply-ws-fix-expands later to maint).
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+   interface used by "git add -i" unnecessarily prompted the user even
+   when the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice"
+   the user could have made was to choose nothing.
+   (merge a9c4641 ak/add-i-empty-candidates later to maint).
+
+ * The todo list created by "git rebase -i" did not fully honor
+   core.abbrev settings.
+   (merge edb72d5 ks/rebase-i-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to the "list"
+   command could not fetch from a symbolic reference (e.g., HEAD).
+   (merge 33cae54 mh/deref-symref-over-helper-transport later to maint).
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+   the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * The "git push --signed" protocol extension did not limit what the
+   "nonce" (a server-chosen string) could contain nor how long it
+   could be, which was unnecessarily lax. Limit both the length and
+   the alphabet to a reasonably small space that can still have enough
+   entropy.
+   (merge afcb6ee jc/push-cert later to maint).
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) clobbered the shell variable $x
+   in the global shell namespace.
+   (merge 852ff1c ma/bash-completion-leaking-x later to maint).
+
+ * We incorrectly formatted a "uintmax_t" integer that doesn't fit in
+   "int".
+   (merge d306f3d jk/decimal-width-for-uintmax later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration parser used to be confused when reading
+   configuration from a blob object that ends with a lone CR.
+   (merge 1d0655c jk/config-no-ungetc-eof later to maint).
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+   (merge bd4e882 jk/pack-bitmap later to maint).
+
+ * The documentation wasn't clear that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+   "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+   via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+   (merge 697f652 jc/remote-set-url-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+   material we prepare for the tests to use.
+   (merge 1f985d6 ch/new-gpg-drops-rfc-1991 later to maint).
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+   user names that contain an at-sign.
+   (merge 13d261e av/wincred-with-at-in-username-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "diff-highlight" (in contrib/) used to show byte-by-byte
+   differences, which could cause multi-byte characters to be chopped
+   in the middle. It learned to pay attention to character boundaries
+   (assuming UTF-8).
+   (merge 8d00662 jk/colors later to maint).
+
+ * Document longstanding configuration variable naming rules in
+   CodingGuidelines.
+   (merge 35840a3 jc/conf-var-doc later to maint).
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+   from the compiler on OS X unnecessarily set a minimum required
+   version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+   for other reasons.
+   (merge 88c03eb es/squelch-openssl-warnings-on-macosx later to maint).
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+   "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+   (merge 3af6792 tc/curl-vernum-output-broken-in-7.11 later to maint).
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+   borrows from an alternate object store.
+   (merge b0a4264 jk/prune-mtime later to maint).
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+   "path/to/submodule".
+   (merge 8196e72 ps/submodule-sanitize-path-upon-add later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly when invoked in a
+   subdirectory.
+   (merge 204a8ff ab/merge-file-prefix later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" could die trying to free an uninitialized piece of
+   memory.
+   (merge e600592 es/blame-commit-info-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+   finalize the resulting packfile cleanly.
+   (merge 5e915f3 jk/fast-import-die-nicely-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak memory when an entry could
+   not be refreshed for whatever reason.
+   (merge bc1c2ca sb/plug-leak-in-make-cache-entry later to maint).
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+   the client declared on the "host=" capability request without
+   checking. Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS
+   name.
+   (merge b485373 jk/daemon-interpolate later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" unnecessarily looked up the hostname even when "%CH"
+   and "%IP" interpolations were not requested.
+   (merge dc8edc8 rs/daemon-interpolate later to maint).
+
+ * We relied on "--no-" prefix handling in Perl's Getopt::Long
+   package, even though that support didn't exist in Perl 5.8 (which
+   we still support). Manually add support to help people with older
+   Getopt::Long packages.
+   (merge f471494 km/send-email-getopt-long-workarounds later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+   updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+   --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+   replacement for GNU patch).
+   (merge e0d201b jc/apply-beyond-symlink later to maint).
+
+ * Correct a breakage in git-svn, introduced around the v2.2 era, that
+   can cause FileHandles to be closed prematurely.
+   (merge e426311 ew/svn-maint-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * We did not parse usernames followed by literal IPv6 addresses
+   correctly in SSH transport URLs; e.g.,
+   ssh://user@[2001:db8::1]:22/repo.git.
+   (merge 6b6c5f7 tb/connect-ipv6-parse-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+   discover in the documentation.
+   (merge afb5de7 mm/am-c-doc later to maint).
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+   submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+   (merge 5c31acf ms/submodule-update-config-doc later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat" used together with "--dirstat=changes" or
+   "--dirstat=files" incorrectly output dirstat information twice.
+   (merge ab27389 mk/diff-shortstat-dirstat-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The manpage for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and "--no-tags"
+   but did not explain what happens if neither option is provided.
+   (merge aaba0ab mg/doc-remote-tags-or-not later to maint).
+
+ * The description of "--exclude-standard option" in the output of
+   "git grep -h" was phrased poorly.
+   (merge 77fdb8a nd/grep-exclude-standard-help-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" recently started to include the number of commits
+   in the todo list, but that output included extraneous whitespace on
+   a platform that prepends leading whitespaces to its "wc -l" output.
+   (merge 2185d3b es/rebase-i-count-todo later to maint).
+
+ * The borrowed code in the kwset API did not follow our usual
+   convention to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from
+   0-255.
+   (merge 189c860 bw/kwset-use-unsigned later to maint).
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used to cause it to segfault.
+   (merge 4d6be03 jk/diffcore-rename-duplicate later to maint).
+
+ * Certain builds of GPG triggered false breakages in a test.
+   (merge 3f88c1b mg/verify-commit later to maint).
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to optionally talk with an IMAP server via
+   libcURL. Because there is no other option when Git is built with
+   the NO_OPENSSL option, use libcURL by default in that case.
+   (merge dcd01ea km/imap-send-libcurl-options later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --decorate" did not reset colors correctly around the
+   branch names.
+   (merge 5ee8758 jc/decorate-leaky-separator-color later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads from the ctags file in the completion script
+   (in contrib/) did not spell ${param/pattern/string} substitution
+   correctly, which happened to work with bash but not with zsh.
+   (merge db8d750 js/completion-ctags-pattern-substitution-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The transfer.hiderefs support did not quite work for smart-http
+   transport.
+   (merge 8ddf3ca jk/smart-http-hide-refs later to maint).
+
+ * In the "git tag -h" output, move the documentation for the
+   "--column" and "--sort" options to the "Tag listing options"
+   section.
+   (merge dd059c6 jk/tag-h-column-is-a-listing-option later to maint).
+
+ * "git prune" used to largely ignore broken refs when deciding which
+   objects are still being used, which could cause reference
+   corruption to lead to object loss.
+   (merge ea56c4e jk/prune-with-corrupt-refs later to maint).
+
+ * The split-index mode introduced in v2.3.0-rc0~41 was broken in the
+   codepath to protect us against a broken reimplementation of Git
+   that writes an invalid index with duplicated index entries, etc.
+   (merge 03f15a7 tg/fix-check-order-with-split-index later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch", when fetching a commit using the
+   allow-tip-sha1-in-want extension, could have failed to fetch all of
+   the requested refs.
+   (merge 32d0462 jk/fetch-pack later to maint).
+
+ * An failure early in the "git clone" that started creating the
+   working tree and repository could have resulted in the failure to
+   clean up some directories and files.
+   (merge 16eff6c jk/cleanup-failed-clone later to maint).
+
+ * Recommend format-patch and send-email for those who want to submit
+   patches to this project.
+   (merge b25c469 jc/submitting-patches-mention-send-email later to maint).
+
+ * Do not spawn the pager when "git grep" is run with "--quiet".
+   (merge c2048f0 ws/grep-quiet-no-pager later to maint).
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) did not show the untracked sign
+   when working in a subdirectory without any untracked files.
+   (merge 9bdc517 ct/prompt-untracked-fix later to maint).
+
+ * An earlier update to the URL parser broke an address that contains
+   a colon but an empty string for the port number, like
+   ssh://example.com:/path/to/repo.
+   (merge 6b6c5f7 tb/connect-ipv6-parse-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+   (merge 2ce63e9 rs/simple-cleanups later to maint).
+   (merge 33baa69 rj/no-xopen-source-for-cygwin later to maint).
+   (merge 817d03e jc/diff-test-updates later to maint).
+   (merge eb32c66 ak/t5516-typofix later to maint).
+   (merge bcd57cb mr/doc-clean-f-f later to maint).
+   (merge 0d6accc mg/doc-status-color-slot later to maint).
+   (merge 53e53c7 sg/completion-remote later to maint).
+   (merge 8fa7975 ak/git-done-help-cleanup later to maint).
+   (merge 9a6f128 rs/deflate-init-cleanup later to maint).
+   (merge 6f75d45 rs/use-isxdigit later to maint).
+   (merge 376e4b3 jk/test-annoyances later to maint).
+   (merge 7032054 nd/doc-git-index-version later to maint).
+   (merge e869c5e tg/test-index-v4 later to maint).
+   (merge 599d223 jk/simplify-csum-file-sha1fd-check later to maint).
+   (merge 260d585 sg/completion-gitcomp-nl-for-refs later to maint).
+   (merge 777c55a jc/report-path-error-to-dir later to maint).
+   (merge fddfaf8 ph/push-doc-cas later to maint).
+   (merge d50d31e ss/pull-rebase-preserve later to maint).
+   (merge c8c3f1d pt/enter-repo-comment-fix later to maint).
+   (merge d7bfb9e jz/gitweb-conf-doc-fix later to maint).
+   (merge f907282 jk/cherry-pick-docfix later to maint).
+   (merge d3c0811 iu/fix-parse-options-h-comment later to maint).
+   (merge 6c3b2af jg/cguide-we-cannot-count later to maint).
+   (merge 2b8bd44 jk/pack-corruption-post-mortem later to maint).
+   (merge 9585cb8 jn/doc-fast-import-no-16-octopus-limit later to maint).
+   (merge 5dcd1b1 ps/grep-help-all-callback-arg later to maint).
+   (merge f1f4c84 va/fix-git-p4-tests later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a65a6c5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Git v2.4.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4
+----------------
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+   showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+   directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work.  Also,
+   when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+   and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+   directory, instead of refusing to run.
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+   that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+   entries in it.
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+   the daylight-saving-time offset.
+
+ * "git cat-file bl $blob" failed to barf even though there is no
+   object type that is "bl".
+
+ * Teach the codepaths that read .gitignore and .gitattributes files
+   that these files encoded in UTF-8 may have UTF-8 BOM marker at the
+   beginning; this makes it in line with what we do for configuration
+   files already.
+
+ * Access to objects in repositories that borrow from another one on a
+   slow NFS server unnecessarily got more expensive due to recent code
+   becoming more cautious in a naive way not to lose objects to pruning.
+
+ * We avoid setting core.worktree when the repository location is the
+   ".git" directory directly at the top level of the working tree, but
+   the code misdetected the case in which the working tree is at the
+   root level of the filesystem (which arguably is a silly thing to
+   do, but still valid).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8621199
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+Git v2.4.10 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.9
+------------------
+
+ * xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
+   extremely large files.  It uses "int" in many places, which can
+   overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
+   our input files, for example.  Cap the input size to soemwhere
+   around 1GB for now.
+
+ * Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
+   found in the URL.  The URLs that submodules use may come from
+   arbitrary sources (e.g., .gitmodules files in a remote
+   repository), and can hurt those who blindly enable recursive
+   fetch.  Restrict the allowed protocols to well known and safe
+   ones.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..250cdc4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+Git v2.4.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.1
+------------------
+
+ * "git rev-list --objects $old --not --all" to see if everything that
+   is reachable from $old is already connected to the existing refs
+   was very inefficient.
+
+ * "hash-object --literally" introduced in v2.2 was not prepared to
+   take a really long object type name.
+
+ * "git rebase --quiet" was not quite quiet when there is nothing to
+   do.
+
+ * The completion for "log --decorate=" parameter value was incorrect.
+
+ * "filter-branch" corrupted commit log message that ends with an
+   incomplete line on platforms with some "sed" implementations that
+   munge such a line.  Work it around by avoiding to use "sed".
+
+ * "git daemon" fails to build from the source under NO_IPV6
+   configuration (regression in 2.4).
+
+ * "git stash pop/apply" forgot to make sure that not just the working
+   tree is clean but also the index is clean. The latter is important
+   as a stash application can conflict and the index will be used for
+   conflict resolution.
+
+ * We have prepended $GIT_EXEC_PATH and the path "git" is installed in
+   (typically "/usr/bin") to $PATH when invoking subprograms and hooks
+   for almost eternity, but the original use case the latter tried to
+   support was semi-bogus (i.e. install git to /opt/foo/git and run it
+   without having /opt/foo on $PATH), and more importantly it has
+   become less and less relevant as Git grew more mainstream (i.e. the
+   users would _want_ to have it on their $PATH).  Stop prepending the
+   path in which "git" is installed to users' $PATH, as that would
+   interfere the command search order people depend on (e.g. they may
+   not like versions of programs that are unrelated to Git in /usr/bin
+   and want to override them by having different ones in /usr/local/bin
+   and have the latter directory earlier in their $PATH).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..914d2c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+Git v2.4.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.3
+------------------
+
+ * Error messages from "git branch" called remote-tracking branches as
+   "remote branches".
+
+ * "git rerere forget" in a repository without rerere enabled gave a
+   cryptic error message; it should be a silent no-op instead.
+
+ * "git pull --log" and "git pull --no-log" worked as expected, but
+   "git pull --log=20" did not.
+
+ * The pull.ff configuration was supposed to override the merge.ff
+   configuration, but it didn't.
+
+ * The code to read pack-bitmap wanted to allocate a few hundred
+   pointers to a structure, but by mistake allocated and leaked memory
+   enough to hold that many actual structures.  Correct the allocation
+   size and also have it on stack, as it is small enough.
+
+ * Various documentation mark-up fixes to make the output more
+   consistent in general and also make AsciiDoctor (an alternative
+   formatter) happier.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not diagnose extra parameters on the
+   command line.
+
+ * Multi-ref transaction support we merged a few releases ago
+   unnecessarily kept many file descriptors open, risking to fail with
+   resource exhaustion.
+
+ * The ref API did not handle cases where 'refs/heads/xyzzy/frotz' is
+   removed at the same time as 'refs/heads/xyzzy' is added (or vice
+   versa) very well.
+
+ * The "log --decorate" enhancement in Git 2.4 that shows the commit
+   at the tip of the current branch e.g. "HEAD -> master", did not
+   work with --decorate=full.
+
+ * There was a commented-out (instead of being marked to expect
+   failure) test that documented a breakage that was fixed since the
+   test was written; turn it into a proper test.
+
+ * core.excludesfile (defaulting to $XDG_HOME/git/ignore) is supposed
+   to be overridden by repository-specific .git/info/exclude file, but
+   the order was swapped from the beginning. This belatedly fixes it.
+
+ * The connection initiation code for "ssh" transport tried to absorb
+   differences between the stock "ssh" and Putty-supplied "plink" and
+   its derivatives, but the logic to tell that we are using "plink"
+   variants were too loose and falsely triggered when "plink" appeared
+   anywhere in the path (e.g. "/home/me/bin/uplink/ssh").
+
+ * "git rebase -i" moved the "current" command from "todo" to "done" a
+   bit too prematurely, losing a step when a "pick" did not even start.
+
+ * "git add -e" did not allow the user to abort the operation by
+   killing the editor.
+
+ * Git 2.4 broke setting verbosity and progress levels on "git clone"
+   with native transports.
+
+ * Some time ago, "git blame" (incorrectly) lost the convert_to_git()
+   call when synthesizing a fake "tip" commit that represents the
+   state in the working tree, which broke folks who record the history
+   with LF line ending to make their project portabile across
+   platforms while terminating lines in their working tree files with
+   CRLF for their platform.
+
+ * Code clean-up for xdg configuration path support.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f1ccd00
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+Git v2.4.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.3
+------------------
+
+ * l10n updates for German.
+
+ * An earlier leakfix to bitmap testing code was incomplete.
+
+ * "git clean pathspec..." tried to lstat(2) and complain even for
+   paths outside the given pathspec.
+
+ * Communication between the HTTP server and http_backend process can
+   lead to a dead-lock when relaying a large ref negotiation request.
+   Diagnose the situation better, and mitigate it by reading such a
+   request first into core (to a reasonable limit).
+
+ * The clean/smudge interface did not work well when filtering an
+   empty contents (failed and then passed the empty input through).
+   It can be argued that a filter that produces anything but empty for
+   an empty input is nonsense, but if the user wants to do strange
+   things, then why not?
+
+ * Make "git stash something --help" error out, so that users can
+   safely say "git stash drop --help".
+
+ * Clarify that "log --raw" and "log --format=raw" are unrelated
+   concepts.
+
+ * Catch a programmer mistake to feed a pointer not an array to
+   ARRAY_SIZE() macro, by using a couple of GCC extensions.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..568297c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+Git v2.4.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.4
+------------------
+
+ * The setup code used to die when core.bare and core.worktree are set
+   inconsistently, even for commands that do not need working tree.
+
+ * There was a dead code that used to handle "git pull --tags" and
+   show special-cased error message, which was made irrelevant when
+   the semantics of the option changed back in Git 1.9 days.
+
+ * "color.diff.plain" was a misnomer; give it 'color.diff.context' as
+   a more logical synonym.
+
+ * The configuration reader/writer uses mmap(2) interface to access
+   the files; when we find a directory, it barfed with "Out of memory?".
+
+ * Recent "git prune" traverses young unreachable objects to safekeep
+   old objects in the reachability chain from them, which sometimes
+   showed unnecessary error messages that are alarming.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" fired post-rewrite hook when it shouldn't (namely,
+   when it was told to stop sequencing with 'exec' insn).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b53f353
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+Git v2.4.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.5
+------------------
+
+ * "git fetch --depth=<depth>" and "git clone --depth=<depth>" issued
+   a shallow transfer request even to an upload-pack that does not
+   support the capability.
+
+ * "git fsck" used to ignore missing or invalid objects recorded in reflog.
+
+ * The tcsh completion writes a bash scriptlet but that would have
+   failed for users with noclobber set.
+
+ * Recent Mac OS X updates breaks the logic to detect that the machine
+   is on the AC power in the sample pre-auto-gc script.
+
+ * "git format-patch --ignore-if-upstream A..B" did not like to be fed
+   tags as boundary commits.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b3ac412
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+Git v2.4.7 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.6
+------------------
+
+ * A minor regression to "git fsck" in v2.2 era was fixed; it
+   complained about a body-less tag object when it lacked a
+   separator empty line after its header to separate it with a
+   non-existent body.
+
+ * We used to ask libCURL to use the most secure authentication method
+   available when talking to an HTTP proxy only when we were told to
+   talk to one via configuration variables.  We now ask libCURL to
+   always use the most secure authentication method, because the user
+   can tell libCURL to use an HTTP proxy via an environment variable
+   without using configuration variables.
+
+ * When you say "!<ENTER>" while running say "git log", you'd confuse
+   yourself in the resulting shell, that may look as if you took
+   control back to the original shell you spawned "git log" from but
+   that isn't what is happening.  To that new shell, we leaked
+   GIT_PAGER_IN_USE environment variable that was meant as a local
+   communication between the original "Git" and subprocesses that was
+   spawned by it after we launched the pager, which caused many
+   "interesting" things to happen, e.g. "git diff | cat" still paints
+   its output in color by default.
+
+   Stop leaking that environment variable to the pager's half of the
+   fork; we only need it on "Git" side when we spawn the pager.
+
+ * Avoid possible ssize_t to int truncation.
+
+ * "git config" failed to update the configuration file when the
+   underlying filesystem is incapable of renaming a file that is still
+   open.
+
+ * A minor bugfix when pack bitmap is used with "rev-list --count".
+
+ * An ancient test framework enhancement to allow color was not
+   entirely correct; this makes it work even when tput needs to read
+   from the ~/.terminfo under the user's real HOME directory.
+
+ * Fix a small bug in our use of umask() return value.
+
+ * "git rebase" did not exit with failure when format-patch it invoked
+   failed for whatever reason.
+
+ * Disable "have we lost a race with competing repack?" check while
+   receiving a huge object transfer that runs index-pack.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.8.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ad946b2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.8.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+Git v2.4.8 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.7
+------------------
+
+ * Abandoning an already applied change in "git rebase -i" with
+   "--continue" left CHERRY_PICK_HEAD and confused later steps.
+
+ * Various fixes around "git am" that applies a patch to a history
+   that is not there yet.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" reported "missing object" for 0{40} when it
+   encounters a broken ref.  The lack of object whose name is 0{40} is
+   not the problem; the ref being broken is.
+
+ * "git commit --cleanup=scissors" was not careful enough to protect
+   against getting fooled by a line that looked like scissors.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.9.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.9.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..09af9dd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.9.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+Git v2.4.9 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.9
+------------------
+
+ * A handful of codepaths that used to use fixed-sized arrays to hold
+   pathnames have been corrected to use strbuf and other mechanisms to
+   allow longer pathnames without fearing overflows.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8704450
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,563 @@
+Git 2.5 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Updates since v2.4
+------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The bash completion script (in contrib/) learned a few options that
+   "git revert" takes.
+
+ * Whitespace breakages in deleted and context lines can also be
+   painted in the output of "git diff" and friends with the new
+   --ws-error-highlight option.
+
+ * List of commands shown by "git help" are grouped along the workflow
+   elements to help early learners.
+
+ * "git p4" now detects the filetype (e.g. binary) correctly even when
+   the files are opened exclusively.
+
+ * git p4 attempts to better handle branches in Perforce.
+
+ * "git p4" learned "--changes-block-size <n>" to read the changes in
+   chunks from Perforce, instead of making one call to "p4 changes"
+   that may trigger "too many rows scanned" error from Perforce.
+
+ * More workaround for Perforce's row number limit in "git p4".
+
+ * Unlike "$EDITOR" and "$GIT_EDITOR" that can hold the path to the
+   command and initial options (e.g. "/path/to/emacs -nw"), 'git p4'
+   did not let the shell interpolate the contents of the environment
+   variable that name the editor "$P4EDITOR" (and "$EDITOR", too).
+   This release makes it in line with the rest of Git, as well as with
+   Perforce.
+
+ * A new short-hand <branch>@{push} denotes the remote-tracking branch
+   that tracks the branch at the remote the <branch> would be pushed
+   to.
+
+ * "git show-branch --topics HEAD" (with no other arguments) did not
+   do anything interesting.  Instead, contrast the given revision
+   against all the local branches by default.
+
+ * A replacement for contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir that does not
+   rely on symbolic links and make sharing of objects and refs safer
+   by making the borrowee and borrowers aware of each other.
+
+   Consider this as still an experimental feature; its UI is still
+   likely to change.
+
+ * Tweak the sample "store" backend of the credential helper to honor
+   XDG configuration file locations when specified.
+
+ * A heuristic we use to catch mistyped paths on the command line
+   "git <cmd> <revs> <pathspec>" is to make sure that all the non-rev
+   parameters in the later part of the command line are names of the
+   files in the working tree, but that means "git grep $str -- \*.c"
+   must always be disambiguated with "--", because nobody sane will
+   create a file whose name literally is asterisk-dot-see.  Loosen the
+   heuristic to declare that with a wildcard string the user likely
+   meant to give us a pathspec.
+
+ * "git merge FETCH_HEAD" learned that the previous "git fetch" could
+   be to create an Octopus merge, i.e. recording multiple branches
+   that are not marked as "not-for-merge"; this allows us to lose an
+   old style invocation "git merge <msg> HEAD $commits..." in the
+   implementation of "git pull" script; the old style syntax can now
+   be deprecated (but not removed yet).
+
+ * Filter scripts were run with SIGPIPE disabled on the Git side,
+   expecting that they may not read what Git feeds them to filter.
+   We however treated a filter that does not read its input fully
+   before exiting as an error.  We no longer do and ignore EPIPE
+   when writing to feed the filter scripts.
+
+   This changes semantics, but arguably in a good way.  If a filter
+   can produce its output without fully consuming its input using
+   whatever magic, we now let it do so, instead of diagnosing it
+   as a programming error.
+
+ * Instead of dying immediately upon failing to obtain a lock, the
+   locking (of refs etc) retries after a short while with backoff.
+
+ * Introduce http.<url>.SSLCipherList configuration variable to tweak
+   the list of cipher suite to be used with libcURL when talking with
+   https:// sites.
+
+ * "git subtree" script (in contrib/) used "echo -n" to produce
+   progress messages in a non-portable way.
+
+ * "git subtree" script (in contrib/) does not have --squash option
+   when pushing, but the documentation and help text pretended as if
+   it did.
+
+ * The Git subcommand completion (in contrib/) no longer lists credential
+   helpers among candidates; they are not something the end user would
+   invoke interactively.
+
+ * The index file can be taught with "update-index --untracked-cache"
+   to optionally remember already seen untracked files, in order to
+   speed up "git status" in a working tree with tons of cruft.
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to drive WinMerge as a backend.
+
+ * "git upload-pack" that serves "git fetch" can be told to serve
+   commits that are not at the tip of any ref, as long as they are
+   reachable from a ref, with uploadpack.allowReachableSHA1InWant
+   configuration variable.
+
+ * "git cat-file --batch(-check)" learned the "--follow-symlinks"
+   option that follows an in-tree symbolic link when asked about an
+   object via extended SHA-1 syntax, e.g. HEAD:RelNotes that points at
+   Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt.  With the new option, the command
+   behaves as if HEAD:Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt was given as
+   input instead.
+
+   Consider this as still an experimental and incomplete feature:
+
+    - We may want to do the same for in-index objects, e.g.
+      asking for :RelNotes with this option should give
+      :Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt, too
+
+    - "git cat-file --follow-symlinks blob HEAD:RelNotes"
+      may also be something we want to allow in the future.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned the alias file format used by the sendmail
+   program (in a simplified form; we obviously do not feed pipes).
+
+ * Traditionally, external low-level 3-way merge drivers are expected
+   to produce their results based solely on the contents of the three
+   variants given in temporary files named by %O, %A and %B on their
+   command line.  Additionally allow them to look at the final path
+   (given by %P).
+
+ * "git blame" learned blame.showEmail configuration variable.
+
+ * "git apply" cannot diagnose a patch corruption when the breakage is
+   to mark the length of the hunk shorter than it really is on the
+   hunk header line "@@ -l,k +m,n @@"; one special case it could is
+   when the hunk becomes no-op (e.g. k == n == 2 for two-line context
+   patch output), and it learned to do so in this special case.
+
+ * Add the "--allow-unknown-type" option to "cat-file" to allow
+   inspecting loose objects of an experimental or a broken type.
+
+ * Many long-running operations show progress eye-candy, even when
+   they are later backgrounded.  Hide the eye-candy when the process
+   is sent to the background instead.
+   (merge a4fb76c lm/squelch-bg-progress later to maint).
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * "unsigned char [20]" used throughout the code to represent object
+   names are being converted into a semi-opaque "struct object_id".
+   This effort is expected to interfere with other topics in flight,
+   but hopefully will give us one extra level of abstraction in the
+   end, when completed.
+
+ * for_each_ref() callback functions were taught to name the objects
+   not with "unsigned char sha1[20]" but with "struct object_id".
+
+ * Catch a programmer mistake to feed a pointer not an array to
+   ARRAY_SIZE() macro, by using a couple of GCC extensions.
+
+ * Some error messages in "git config" were emitted without calling
+   the usual error() facility.
+
+ * When "add--interactive" splits a hunk into two overlapping hunks
+   and then let the user choose only one, it sometimes feeds an
+   incorrect patch text to "git apply".  Add tests to demonstrate
+   this.
+
+   I have a slight suspicion that this may be $gmane/87202 coming back
+   and biting us (I seem to have said "let's run with this and see
+   what happens" back then).
+
+ * More line-ending tests.
+
+ * An earlier rewrite to use strbuf_getwholeline() instead of fgets(3)
+   to read packed-refs file revealed that the former is unacceptably
+   inefficient.  It has been optimized by using getdelim(3) when
+   available.
+
+ * The refs API uses ref_lock struct which had its own "int fd", even
+   though the same file descriptor was in the lock struct it contains.
+   Clean-up the code to lose this redundant field.
+
+ * There was a dead code that used to handle "git pull --tags" and
+   show special-cased error message, which was made irrelevant when
+   the semantics of the option changed back in Git 1.9 days.
+   (merge 19d122b pt/pull-tags-error-diag later to maint).
+
+ * Help us to find broken test script that splits the body part of the
+   test by mistaken use of wrong kind of quotes.
+   (merge d93d5d5 jc/test-prereq-validate later to maint).
+
+ * Developer support to automatically detect broken &&-chain in the
+   test scripts is now turned on by default.
+   (merge 92b269f jk/test-chain-lint later to maint).
+
+ * Error reporting mechanism used in "refs" API has been made more
+   consistent.
+
+ * "git pull" has more test coverage now.
+
+ * "git pull" has become more aware of the options meant for
+   underlying "git fetch" and then learned to use parse-options
+   parser.
+
+ * Clarify in the Makefile a guideline to decide use of USE_NSEC.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.4
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.4 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * Git 2.4 broke setting verbosity and progress levels on "git clone"
+   with native transports.
+   (merge 822f0c4 mh/clone-verbosity-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -e" did not allow the user to abort the operation by
+   killing the editor.
+   (merge cb64800 jk/add-e-kill-editor later to maint).
+
+ * Memory usage of "git index-pack" has been trimmed by tens of
+   per-cent.
+   (merge f0e7f11 nd/slim-index-pack-memory-usage later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-list --objects $old --not --all" to see if everything that
+   is reachable from $old is already connected to the existing refs
+   was very inefficient.
+   (merge b6e8a3b jk/still-interesting later to maint).
+
+ * "hash-object --literally" introduced in v2.2 was not prepared to
+   take a really long object type name.
+   (merge 1427a7f jc/hash-object later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase --quiet" was not quite quiet when there is nothing to
+   do.
+   (merge 22946a9 jk/rebase-quiet-noop later to maint).
+
+ * The completion for "log --decorate=" parameter value was incorrect.
+   (merge af16bda sg/complete-decorate-full-not-long later to maint).
+
+ * "filter-branch" corrupted commit log message that ends with an
+   incomplete line on platforms with some "sed" implementations that
+   munge such a line.  Work it around by avoiding to use "sed".
+   (merge df06201 jk/filter-branch-use-of-sed-on-incomplete-line later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" fails to build from the source under NO_IPV6
+   configuration (regression in 2.4).
+   (merge d358f77 jc/daemon-no-ipv6-for-2.4.1 later to maint).
+
+ * Some time ago, "git blame" (incorrectly) lost the convert_to_git()
+   call when synthesizing a fake "tip" commit that represents the
+   state in the working tree, which broke folks who record the history
+   with LF line ending to make their project portable across platforms
+   while terminating lines in their working tree files with CRLF for
+   their platform.
+   (merge 4bf256d tb/blame-resurrect-convert-to-git later to maint).
+
+ * We avoid setting core.worktree when the repository location is the
+   ".git" directory directly at the top level of the working tree, but
+   the code misdetected the case in which the working tree is at the
+   root level of the filesystem (which arguably is a silly thing to
+   do, but still valid).
+   (merge 84ccad8 jk/init-core-worktree-at-root later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+   the daylight-saving-time offset.
+   (merge f6e6362 jc/epochtime-wo-tz later to maint).
+
+ * Access to objects in repositories that borrow from another one on a
+   slow NFS server unnecessarily got more expensive due to recent code
+   becoming more cautious in a naive way not to lose objects to pruning.
+   (merge ee1c6c3 jk/prune-mtime later to maint).
+
+ * The codepaths that read .gitignore and .gitattributes files have been
+   taught that these files encoded in UTF-8 may have UTF-8 BOM marker at
+   the beginning; this makes it in line with what we do for configuration
+   files already.
+   (merge 27547e5 cn/bom-in-gitignore later to maint).
+
+ * a few helper scripts in the test suite did not report errors
+   correctly.
+   (merge de248e9 ep/fix-test-lib-functions-report later to maint).
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+   that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+   entries in it.
+   (merge 7e11052 oh/fix-config-default-user-name-section later to maint).
+
+ * "git cat-file bl $blob" failed to barf even though there is no
+   object type that is "bl".
+   (merge b7994af jk/type-from-string-gently later to maint).
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+   showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+   directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work.  Also,
+   when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+   and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+   directory, instead of refusing to run.
+   (merge 0615173 jc/diff-no-index-d-f later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" moved the "current" command from "todo" to "done" a
+   bit too prematurely, losing a step when a "pick" did not even start.
+   (merge 8cbc57c ph/rebase-i-redo later to maint).
+
+ * The connection initiation code for "ssh" transport tried to absorb
+   differences between the stock "ssh" and Putty-supplied "plink" and
+   its derivatives, but the logic to tell that we are using "plink"
+   variants were too loose and falsely triggered when "plink" appeared
+   anywhere in the path (e.g. "/home/me/bin/uplink/ssh").
+   (merge baaf233 bc/connect-plink later to maint).
+
+ * We have prepended $GIT_EXEC_PATH and the path "git" is installed in
+   (typically "/usr/bin") to $PATH when invoking subprograms and hooks
+   for almost eternity, but the original use case the latter tried to
+   support was semi-bogus (i.e. install git to /opt/foo/git and run it
+   without having /opt/foo on $PATH), and more importantly it has
+   become less and less relevant as Git grew more mainstream (i.e. the
+   users would _want_ to have it on their $PATH).  Stop prepending the
+   path in which "git" is installed to users' $PATH, as that would
+   interfere the command search order people depend on (e.g. they may
+   not like versions of programs that are unrelated to Git in /usr/bin
+   and want to override them by having different ones in /usr/local/bin
+   and have the latter directory earlier in their $PATH).
+   (merge a0b4507 jk/git-no-more-argv0-path-munging later to maint).
+
+ * core.excludesfile (defaulting to $XDG_HOME/git/ignore) is supposed
+   to be overridden by repository-specific .git/info/exclude file, but
+   the order was swapped from the beginning. This belatedly fixes it.
+   (merge 099d2d8 jc/gitignore-precedence later to maint).
+
+ * There was a commented-out (instead of being marked to expect
+   failure) test that documented a breakage that was fixed since the
+   test was written; turn it into a proper test.
+   (merge 66d2e04 sb/t1020-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * The "log --decorate" enhancement in Git 2.4 that shows the commit
+   at the tip of the current branch e.g. "HEAD -> master", did not
+   work with --decorate=full.
+   (merge 429ad20 mg/log-decorate-HEAD later to maint).
+
+ * The ref API did not handle cases where 'refs/heads/xyzzy/frotz' is
+   removed at the same time as 'refs/heads/xyzzy' is added (or vice
+   versa) very well.
+   (merge c628edf mh/ref-directory-file later to maint).
+
+ * Multi-ref transaction support we merged a few releases ago
+   unnecessarily kept many file descriptors open, risking to fail with
+   resource exhaustion.  This is for 2.4.x track.
+   (merge 185ce3a mh/write-refs-sooner-2.4 later to maint).
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not diagnose extra parameters on the
+   command line.
+   (merge 7886cfa ps/bundle-verify-arg later to maint).
+
+ * Various documentation mark-up fixes to make the output more
+   consistent in general and also make AsciiDoctor (an alternative
+   formatter) happier.
+   (merge d0258b9 jk/asciidoc-markup-fix later to maint).
+   (merge ad3967a jk/stripspace-asciidoctor-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 975e382 ja/tutorial-asciidoctor-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The code to read pack-bitmap wanted to allocate a few hundred
+   pointers to a structure, but by mistake allocated and leaked memory
+   enough to hold that many actual structures.  Correct the allocation
+   size and also have it on stack, as it is small enough.
+   (merge 599dc76 rs/plug-leak-in-pack-bitmaps later to maint).
+
+ * The pull.ff configuration was supposed to override the merge.ff
+   configuration, but it didn't.
+   (merge db9bb28 pt/pull-ff-vs-merge-ff later to maint).
+
+ * "git pull --log" and "git pull --no-log" worked as expected, but
+   "git pull --log=20" did not.
+   (merge 5061a44 pt/pull-log-n later to maint).
+
+ * "git rerere forget" in a repository without rerere enabled gave a
+   cryptic error message; it should be a silent no-op instead.
+   (merge 0544574 jk/rerere-forget-check-enabled later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" fired post-rewrite hook when it shouldn't (namely,
+   when it was told to stop sequencing with 'exec' insn).
+   (merge 141ff8f mm/rebase-i-post-rewrite-exec later to maint).
+
+ * Clarify that "log --raw" and "log --format=raw" are unrelated
+   concepts.
+   (merge 92de921 mm/log-format-raw-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Make "git stash something --help" error out, so that users can
+   safely say "git stash drop --help".
+   (merge 5ba2831 jk/stash-options later to maint).
+
+ * The clean/smudge interface did not work well when filtering an
+   empty contents (failed and then passed the empty input through).
+   It can be argued that a filter that produces anything but empty for
+   an empty input is nonsense, but if the user wants to do strange
+   things, then why not?
+   (merge f6a1e1e jh/filter-empty-contents later to maint).
+
+ * Communication between the HTTP server and http_backend process can
+   lead to a dead-lock when relaying a large ref negotiation request.
+   Diagnose the situation better, and mitigate it by reading such a
+   request first into core (to a reasonable limit).
+   (merge 636614f jk/http-backend-deadlock later to maint).
+
+ * "git clean pathspec..." tried to lstat(2) and complain even for
+   paths outside the given pathspec.
+   (merge 838d6a9 dt/clean-pathspec-filter-then-lstat later to maint).
+
+ * Recent "git prune" traverses young unreachable objects to safekeep
+   old objects in the reachability chain from them, which sometimes
+   caused error messages that are unnecessarily alarming.
+   (merge ce4e7b2 jk/squelch-missing-link-warning-for-unreachable later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration reader/writer uses mmap(2) interface to access
+   the files; when we find a directory, it barfed with "Out of memory?".
+   (merge 9ca0aaf jk/diagnose-config-mmap-failure later to maint).
+
+ * "color.diff.plain" was a misnomer; give it 'color.diff.context' as
+   a more logical synonym.
+   (merge 8dbf3eb jk/color-diff-plain-is-context later to maint).
+
+ * The setup code used to die when core.bare and core.worktree are set
+   inconsistently, even for commands that do not need working tree.
+   (merge fada767 jk/die-on-bogus-worktree-late later to maint).
+
+ * Recent Mac OS X updates breaks the logic to detect that the machine
+   is on the AC power in the sample pre-auto-gc script.
+   (merge c54c7b3 pa/auto-gc-mac-osx later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --cleanup=scissors" was not careful enough to protect
+   against getting fooled by a line that looked like scissors.
+   (merge fbfa097 sg/commit-cleanup-scissors later to maint).
+
+ * "Have we lost a race with competing repack?" check was too
+   expensive, especially while receiving a huge object transfer
+   that runs index-pack (e.g. "clone" or "fetch").
+   (merge 0eeb077 jk/index-pack-reduce-recheck later to maint).
+
+ * The tcsh completion writes a bash scriptlet but that would have
+   failed for users with noclobber set.
+   (merge 0b1f688 af/tcsh-completion-noclobber later to maint).
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" reported "missing object" for 0{40} when it
+   encounters a broken ref.  The lack of object whose name is 0{40} is
+   not the problem; the ref being broken is.
+   (merge 501cf47 mh/reporting-broken-refs-from-for-each-ref later to maint).
+
+ * Various fixes around "git am" that applies a patch to a history
+   that is not there yet.
+   (merge 6ea3b67 pt/am-abort-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fsck" used to ignore missing or invalid objects recorded in reflog.
+   (merge 19bf6c9 mh/fsck-reflog-entries later to maint).
+
+ * "git format-patch --ignore-if-upstream A..B" did not like to be fed
+   tags as boundary commits.
+   (merge 9b7a61d jc/do-not-feed-tags-to-clear-commit-marks later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch --depth=<depth>" and "git clone --depth=<depth>" issued
+   a shallow transfer request even to an upload-pack that does not
+   support the capability.
+   (merge eb86a50 me/fetch-into-shallow-safety later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase" did not exit with failure when format-patch it invoked
+   failed for whatever reason.
+   (merge 60d708b cb/rebase-am-exit-code later to maint).
+
+ * Fix a small bug in our use of umask() return value.
+   (merge 3096b2e jk/fix-refresh-utime later to maint).
+
+ * An ancient test framework enhancement to allow color was not
+   entirely correct; this makes it work even when tput needs to read
+   from the ~/.terminfo under the user's real HOME directory.
+   (merge d5c1b7c rh/test-color-avoid-terminfo-in-original-home later to maint).
+
+ * A minor bugfix when pack bitmap is used with "rev-list --count".
+   (merge c8a70d3 jk/rev-list-no-bitmap-while-pruning later to maint).
+
+ * "git config" failed to update the configuration file when the
+   underlying filesystem is incapable of renaming a file that is still
+   open.
+   (merge 7a64592 kb/config-unmap-before-renaming later to maint).
+
+ * Avoid possible ssize_t to int truncation.
+   (merge 6c8afe4 mh/strbuf-read-file-returns-ssize-t later to maint).
+
+ * When you say "!<ENTER>" while running say "git log", you'd confuse
+   yourself in the resulting shell, that may look as if you took
+   control back to the original shell you spawned "git log" from but
+   that isn't what is happening.  To that new shell, we leaked
+   GIT_PAGER_IN_USE environment variable that was meant as a local
+   communication between the original "Git" and subprocesses that was
+   spawned by it after we launched the pager, which caused many
+   "interesting" things to happen, e.g. "git diff | cat" still paints
+   its output in color by default.
+
+   Stop leaking that environment variable to the pager's half of the
+   fork; we only need it on "Git" side when we spawn the pager.
+   (merge 124b519 jc/unexport-git-pager-in-use-in-pager later to maint).
+
+ * Abandoning an already applied change in "git rebase -i" with
+   "--continue" left CHERRY_PICK_HEAD and confused later steps.
+   (merge 0e0aff4 js/rebase-i-clean-up-upon-continue-to-skip later to maint).
+
+ * We used to ask libCURL to use the most secure authentication method
+   available when talking to an HTTP proxy only when we were told to
+   talk to one via configuration variables.  We now ask libCURL to
+   always use the most secure authentication method, because the user
+   can tell libCURL to use an HTTP proxy via an environment variable
+   without using configuration variables.
+   (merge 5841520 et/http-proxyauth later to maint).
+
+ * A fix to a minor regression to "git fsck" in v2.2 era that started
+   complaining about a body-less tag object when it lacks a separator
+   empty line after its header to separate it with a non-existent body.
+   (merge 84d18c0 jc/fsck-retire-require-eoh later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+   (merge 0269f96 mm/usage-log-l-can-take-regex later to maint).
+   (merge 64f2589 nd/t1509-chroot-test later to maint).
+   (merge d201a1e sb/test-bitmap-free-at-end later to maint).
+   (merge 05bfc7d sb/line-log-plug-pairdiff-leak later to maint).
+   (merge 846e5df pt/xdg-config-path later to maint).
+   (merge 1154aa4 jc/plug-fmt-merge-msg-leak later to maint).
+   (merge 319b678 jk/sha1-file-reduce-useless-warnings later to maint).
+   (merge 9a35c14 fg/document-commit-message-stripping later to maint).
+   (merge bbf431c ps/doc-packfile-vs-pack-file later to maint).
+   (merge 309a9e3 jk/skip-http-tests-under-no-curl later to maint).
+   (merge ccd593c dl/branch-error-message later to maint).
+   (merge 22570b6 rs/janitorial later to maint).
+   (merge 5c2a581 mc/commit-doc-grammofix later to maint).
+   (merge ce41720 ah/usage-strings later to maint).
+   (merge e6a268c sb/glossary-submodule later to maint).
+   (merge ec48a76 sb/submodule-doc-intro later to maint).
+   (merge 14f8b9b jk/clone-dissociate later to maint).
+   (merge 055c7e9 sb/pack-protocol-mention-smart-http later to maint).
+   (merge 7c37a5d jk/make-fix-dependencies later to maint).
+   (merge fc0aa39 sg/merge-summary-config later to maint).
+   (merge 329af6c pt/t0302-needs-sanity later to maint).
+   (merge d614f07 fk/doc-format-patch-vn later to maint).
+   (merge 72dbb36 sg/completion-commit-cleanup later to maint).
+   (merge e654eb2 es/utf8-stupid-compiler-workaround later to maint).
+   (merge 34b935c es/osx-header-pollutes-mask-macro later to maint).
+   (merge ab7fade jc/prompt-document-ps1-state-separator later to maint).
+   (merge 25f600e mm/describe-doc later to maint).
+   (merge 83fe167 mm/branch-doc-updates later to maint).
+   (merge 75d2e5a ls/hint-rev-list-count later to maint).
+   (merge edc8f71 cb/subtree-tests-update later to maint).
+   (merge 5330e6e sb/p5310-and-chain later to maint).
+   (merge c4ac525 tb/checkout-doc later to maint).
+   (merge e479c5f jk/pretty-encoding-doc later to maint).
+   (merge 7e837c6 ss/clone-guess-dir-name-simplify later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b705533
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
+Git v2.5.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.5
+----------------
+
+ * Running an aliased command from a subdirectory when the .git thing
+   in the working tree is a gitfile pointing elsewhere did not work.
+
+ * Often a fast-import stream builds a new commit on top of the
+   previous commit it built, and it often unconditionally emits a
+   "from" command to specify the first parent, which can be omitted in
+   such a case.  This caused fast-import to forget the tree of the
+   previous commit and then re-read it from scratch, which was
+   inefficient.  Optimize for this common case.
+
+ * The "rev-parse --parseopt" mode parsed the option specification
+   and the argument hint in a strange way to allow '=' and other
+   special characters in the option name while forbidding them from
+   the argument hint.  This made it impossible to define an option
+   like "--pair <key>=<value>" with "pair=key=value" specification,
+   which instead would have defined a "--pair=key <value>" option.
+
+ * A "rebase" replays changes of the local branch on top of something
+   else, as such they are placed in stage #3 and referred to as
+   "theirs", while the changes in the new base, typically a foreign
+   work, are placed in stage #2 and referred to as "ours".  Clarify
+   the "checkout --ours/--theirs".
+
+ * An experimental "untracked cache" feature used uname(2) in a
+   slightly unportable way.
+
+ * "sparse checkout" misbehaved for a path that is excluded from the
+   checkout when switching between branches that differ at the path.
+
+ * The low-level "git send-pack" did not honor 'user.signingkey'
+   configuration variable when sending a signed-push.
+
+ * An attempt to delete a ref by pushing into a repository whose HEAD
+   symbolic reference points at an unborn branch that cannot be
+   created due to ref D/F conflict (e.g. refs/heads/a/b exists, HEAD
+   points at refs/heads/a) failed.
+
+ * "git subtree" (in contrib/) depended on "git log" output to be
+   stable, which was a no-no.  Apply a workaround to force a
+   particular date format.
+
+ * "git clone $URL" in recent releases of Git contains a regression in
+   the code that invents a new repository name incorrectly based on
+   the $URL.  This has been corrected.
+   (merge db2e220 jk/guess-repo-name-regression-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Running tests with the "-x" option to make them verbose had some
+   unpleasant interactions with other features of the test suite.
+   (merge 9b5fe78 jk/test-with-x later to maint).
+
+ * "git pull" in recent releases of Git has a regression in the code
+   that allows custom path to the --upload-pack=<program>.  This has
+   been corrected.
+
+ * pipe() emulation used in Git for Windows looked at a wrong variable
+   when checking for an error from an _open_osfhandle() call.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f74939
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v2.5.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.5.1
+------------------
+
+ * "git init empty && git -C empty log" said "bad default revision 'HEAD'",
+   which was found to be a bit confusing to new users.
+
+ * The "interpret-trailers" helper mistook a multi-paragraph title of
+   a commit log message with a colon in it as the end of the trailer
+   block.
+
+ * When re-priming the cache-tree opportunistically while committing
+   the in-core index as-is, we mistakenly invalidated the in-core
+   index too aggressively, causing the experimental split-index code
+   to unnecessarily rewrite the on-disk index file(s).
+
+ * "git archive" did not use zip64 extension when creating an archive
+   with more than 64k entries, which nobody should need, right ;-)?
+
+ * The code in "multiple-worktree" support that attempted to recover
+   from an inconsistent state updated an incorrect file.
+
+ * "git rev-list" does not take "--notes" option, but did not complain
+   when one is given.
+
+ * Because the configuration system does not allow "alias.0foo" and
+   "pager.0foo" as the configuration key, the user cannot use '0foo'
+   as a custom command name anyway, but "git 0foo" tried to look these
+   keys up and emitted useless warnings before saying '0foo is not a
+   git command'.  These warning messages have been squelched.
+
+ * We recently rewrote one of the build scripts in Perl, which made it
+   necessary to have Perl to build Git.  Reduced Perl dependency by
+   rewriting it again using sed.
+
+ * t1509 test that requires a dedicated VM environment had some
+   bitrot, which has been corrected.
+
+ * strbuf_read() used to have one extra iteration (and an unnecessary
+   strbuf_grow() of 8kB), which was eliminated.
+
+ * The codepath to produce error messages had a hard-coded limit to
+   the size of the message, primarily to avoid memory allocation while
+   calling die().
+
+ * When trying to see that an object does not exist, a state errno
+   leaked from our "first try to open a packfile with O_NOATIME and
+   then if it fails retry without it" logic on a system that refuses
+   O_NOATIME.  This confused us and caused us to die, saying that the
+   packfile is unreadable, when we should have just reported that the
+   object does not exist in that packfile to the caller.
+
+ * An off-by-one error made "git remote" to mishandle a remote with a
+   single letter nickname.
+
+ * A handful of codepaths that used to use fixed-sized arrays to hold
+   pathnames have been corrected to use strbuf and other mechanisms to
+   allow longer pathnames without fearing overflows.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d143685
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+Git v2.5.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.5.2
+------------------
+
+ * The experimental untracked-cache feature were buggy when paths with
+   a few levels of subdirectories are involved.
+
+ * Recent versions of scripted "git am" has a performance regression
+   in "git am --skip" codepath, which no longer exists in the
+   built-in version on the 'master' front.  Fix the regression in
+   the last scripted version that appear in 2.5.x maintenance track
+   and older.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a5e8477
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+Git v2.5.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.5.4
+------------------
+
+ * xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
+   extremely large files.  It uses "int" in many places, which can
+   overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
+   our input files, for example.  Cap the input size to soemwhere
+   around 1GB for now.
+
+ * Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
+   found in the URL.  The URLs that submodules use may come from
+   arbitrary sources (e.g., .gitmodules files in a remote
+   repository), and can hurt those who blindly enable recursive
+   fetch.  Restrict the allowed protocols to well known and safe
+   ones.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7288aaf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,370 @@
+Git 2.6 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Updates since v2.5
+------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * An asterisk as a substring (as opposed to the entirety) of a path
+   component for both side of a refspec, e.g.
+   "refs/heads/o*:refs/remotes/heads/i*", is now allowed.
+
+ * New userdiff pattern definition for fountain screenwriting markup
+   format has been added.
+
+ * "git log" and friends learned a new "--date=format:..." option to
+   format timestamps using system's strftime(3).
+
+ * "git fast-import" learned to respond to the get-mark command via
+   its cat-blob-fd interface.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned "drop commit-object-name subject" command
+   as another way to skip replaying of a commit.
+
+ * A new configuration variable can enable "--follow" automatically
+   when "git log" is run with one pathspec argument.
+
+ * "git status" learned to show a more detailed information regarding
+   the "rebase -i" session in progress.
+
+ * "git cat-file" learned "--batch-all-objects" option to enumerate all
+   available objects in the repository more quickly than "rev-list
+   --all --objects" (the output includes unreachable objects, though).
+
+ * "git fsck" learned to ignore errors on a set of known-to-be-bad
+   objects, and also allows the warning levels of various kinds of
+   non-critical breakages to be tweaked.
+
+ * "git rebase -i"'s list of todo is made configurable.
+
+ * "git send-email" now performs alias-expansion on names that are
+   given via --cccmd, etc.
+
+ * An environment variable GIT_REPLACE_REF_BASE tells Git to look into
+   refs hierarchy other than refs/replace/ for the object replacement
+   data.
+
+ * Allow untracked cache (experimental) to be used when sparse
+   checkout (experimental) is also in use.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" has been taught to pay attention to
+   rebase.autostash configuration.
+
+ * The command-line completion script (in contrib/) has been updated.
+
+ * A negative !ref entry in multi-value transfer.hideRefs
+   configuration can be used to say "don't hide this one".
+
+ * After "git am" without "-3" stops, running "git am -3" pays attention
+   to "-3" only for the patch that caused the original invocation
+   to stop.
+
+ * When linked worktree is used, simultaneous "notes merge" instances
+   for the same ref in refs/notes/* are prevented from stomping on
+   each other.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned a new option --smtp-auth to limit the SMTP
+   AUTH mechanisms to be used to a subset of what the system library
+   supports.
+
+ * A new configuration variable http.sslVersion can be used to specify
+   what specific version of SSL/TLS to use to make a connection.
+
+ * "git notes merge" can be told with "--strategy=<how>" option how to
+   automatically handle conflicts; this can now be configured by
+   setting notes.mergeStrategy configuration variable.
+
+ * "git log --cc" did not show any patch, even though most of the time
+   the user meant "git log --cc -p -m" to see patch output for commits
+   with a single parent, and combined diff for merge commits.  The
+   command is taught to DWIM "--cc" (without "--raw" and other forms
+   of output specification) to "--cc -p -m".
+
+ * "git config --list" output was hard to parse when values consist of
+   multiple lines.  "--name-only" option is added to help this.
+
+ * A handful of usability & cosmetic fixes to gitk and l10n updates.
+
+ * A completely empty e-mail address <> is now allowed in the authors
+   file used by git-svn, to match the way it accepts the output from
+   authors-prog.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * In preparation for allowing different "backends" to store the refs
+   in a way different from the traditional "one ref per file in
+   $GIT_DIR or in a $GIT_DIR/packed-refs file" filesystem storage,
+   direct filesystem access to ref-like things like CHERRY_PICK_HEAD
+   from scripts and programs has been reduced.
+
+ * Computation of untracked status indicator by bash prompt
+   script (in contrib/) has been optimized.
+
+ * Memory use reduction when commit-slab facility is used to annotate
+   sparsely (which is not recommended in the first place).
+
+ * Clean up refs API and make "git clone" less intimate with the
+   implementation detail.
+
+ * "git pull" was reimplemented in C.
+
+ * The packet tracing machinery allows to capture an incoming pack
+   data to a file for debugging.
+
+ * Move machinery to parse human-readable scaled numbers like 1k, 4M,
+   and 2G as an option parameter's value from pack-objects to
+   parse-options API, to make it available to other codepaths.
+
+ * "git verify-tag" and "git verify-commit" have been taught to share
+   more code, and then learned to optionally show the verification
+   message from the underlying GPG implementation.
+
+ * Various enhancements around "git am" reading patches generated by
+   foreign SCM have been made.
+
+ * Ref listing by "git branch -l" and "git tag -l" commands has
+   started to be rebuilt, based on the for-each-ref machinery.
+
+ * The code to perform multi-tree merges has been taught to repopulate
+   the cache-tree upon a successful merge into the index, so that
+   subsequent "diff-index --cached" (hence "status") and "write-tree"
+   (hence "commit") will go faster.
+
+   The same logic in "git checkout" may now be removed, but that is a
+   separate issue.
+
+ * Tests that assume how reflogs are represented on the filesystem too
+   much have been corrected.
+
+ * "git am" has been rewritten in "C".
+
+ * git_path() and mkpath() are handy helper functions but it is easy
+   to misuse, as the callers need to be careful to keep the number of
+   active results below 4.  Their uses have been reduced.
+
+ * The "lockfile" API has been rebuilt on top of a new "tempfile" API.
+
+ * To prepare for allowing a different "ref" backend to be plugged in
+   to the system, update_ref()/delete_ref() have been taught about
+   ref-like things like MERGE_HEAD that are per-worktree (they will
+   always be written to the filesystem inside $GIT_DIR).
+
+ * The gitmodules API that is accessed from the C code learned to
+   cache stuff lazily.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.5
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.5 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git subtree" (in contrib/) depended on "git log" output to be
+   stable, which was a no-no.  Apply a workaround to force a
+   particular date format.
+   (merge e7aac44 da/subtree-date-confusion later to maint).
+
+ * An attempt to delete a ref by pushing into a repository whose HEAD
+   symbolic reference points at an unborn branch that cannot be
+   created due to ref D/F conflict (e.g. refs/heads/a/b exists, HEAD
+   points at refs/heads/a) failed.
+   (merge b112b14 jx/do-not-crash-receive-pack-wo-head later to maint).
+
+ * The low-level "git send-pack" did not honor 'user.signingkey'
+   configuration variable when sending a signed-push.
+   (merge d830d39 db/send-pack-user-signingkey later to maint).
+
+ * "sparse checkout" misbehaved for a path that is excluded from the
+   checkout when switching between branches that differ at the path.
+   (merge 7d78241 as/sparse-checkout-removal later to maint).
+
+ * An experimental "untracked cache" feature used uname(2) in a
+   slightly unportable way.
+   (merge 100e433 cb/uname-in-untracked later to maint).
+
+ * A "rebase" replays changes of the local branch on top of something
+   else, as such they are placed in stage #3 and referred to as
+   "theirs", while the changes in the new base, typically a foreign
+   work, are placed in stage #2 and referred to as "ours".  Clarify
+   the "checkout --ours/--theirs".
+   (merge f303016 se/doc-checkout-ours-theirs later to maint).
+
+ * The "rev-parse --parseopt" mode parsed the option specification
+   and the argument hint in a strange way to allow '=' and other
+   special characters in the option name while forbidding them from
+   the argument hint.  This made it impossible to define an option
+   like "--pair <key>=<value>" with "pair=key=value" specification,
+   which instead would have defined a "--pair=key <value>" option.
+   (merge 2d893df ib/scripted-parse-opt-better-hint-string later to maint).
+
+ * Often a fast-import stream builds a new commit on top of the
+   previous commit it built, and it often unconditionally emits a
+   "from" command to specify the first parent, which can be omitted in
+   such a case.  This caused fast-import to forget the tree of the
+   previous commit and then re-read it from scratch, which was
+   inefficient.  Optimize for this common case.
+   (merge 0df3245 mh/fast-import-optimize-current-from later to maint).
+
+ * Running an aliased command from a subdirectory when the .git thing
+   in the working tree is a gitfile pointing elsewhere did not work.
+   (merge d95138e nd/export-worktree later to maint).
+
+ * "Is this subdirectory a separate repository that should not be
+   touched?" check "git clean" was inefficient.  This was replaced
+   with a more optimized check.
+   (merge fbf2fec ee/clean-remove-dirs later to maint).
+
+ * The "new-worktree-mode" hack in "checkout" that was added in
+   nd/multiple-work-trees topic has been removed by updating the
+   implementation of new "worktree add".
+   (merge 65f9b75 es/worktree-add-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * Remove remaining cruft from  "git checkout --to", which
+   transitioned to "git worktree add".
+   (merge 114ff88 es/worktree-add later to maint).
+
+ * An off-by-one error made "git remote" to mishandle a remote with a
+   single letter nickname.
+   (merge bc598c3 mh/get-remote-group-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git clone $URL", when cloning from a site whose sole purpose is to
+   host a single repository (hence, no path after <scheme>://<site>/),
+   tried to use the site name as the new repository name, but did not
+   remove username or password when <site> part was of the form
+   <user>@<pass>:<host>.  The code is taught to redact these.
+   (merge adef956 ps/guess-repo-name-at-root later to maint).
+
+ * Running tests with the "-x" option to make them verbose had some
+   unpleasant interactions with other features of the test suite.
+   (merge 9b5fe78 jk/test-with-x later to maint).
+
+ * t1509 test that requires a dedicated VM environment had some
+   bitrot, which has been corrected.
+   (merge faacc5a ps/t1509-chroot-test-fixup later to maint).
+
+ * "git pull" in recent releases of Git has a regression in the code
+   that allows custom path to the --upload-pack=<program>.  This has
+   been corrected.
+
+   Note that this is irrelevant for 'master' with "git pull" rewritten
+   in C.
+   (merge 13e0e28 mm/pull-upload-pack later to maint).
+
+ * When trying to see that an object does not exist, a state errno
+   leaked from our "first try to open a packfile with O_NOATIME and
+   then if it fails retry without it" logic on a system that refuses
+   O_NOATIME.  This confused us and caused us to die, saying that the
+   packfile is unreadable, when we should have just reported that the
+   object does not exist in that packfile to the caller.
+   (merge dff6f28 cb/open-noatime-clear-errno later to maint).
+
+ * The codepath to produce error messages had a hard-coded limit to
+   the size of the message, primarily to avoid memory allocation while
+   calling die().
+   (merge f4c3edc jk/long-error-messages later to maint).
+
+ * strbuf_read() used to have one extra iteration (and an unnecessary
+   strbuf_grow() of 8kB), which was eliminated.
+   (merge 3ebbd00 jh/strbuf-read-use-read-in-full later to maint).
+
+ * We rewrote one of the build scripts in Perl but this reimplements
+   in Bourne shell.
+   (merge 57cee8a sg/help-group later to maint).
+
+ * The experimental untracked-cache feature were buggy when paths with
+   a few levels of subdirectories are involved.
+   (merge 73f9145 dt/untracked-subdir later to maint).
+
+ * "interpret-trailers" helper mistook a single-liner log message that
+   has a colon as the end of existing trailer.
+
+ * The "interpret-trailers" helper mistook a multi-paragraph title of
+   a commit log message with a colon in it as the end of the trailer
+   block.
+   (merge 5c99995 cc/trailers-corner-case-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git describe" without argument defaulted to describe the HEAD
+   commit, but "git describe --contains" didn't.  Arguably, in a
+   repository used for active development, such defaulting would not
+   be very useful as the tip of branch is typically not tagged, but it
+   is better to be consistent.
+   (merge 2bd0706 sg/describe-contains later to maint).
+
+ * The client side codepaths in "git push" have been cleaned up
+   and the user can request to perform an optional "signed push",
+   i.e. sign only when the other end accepts signed push.
+   (merge 68c757f db/push-sign-if-asked later to maint).
+
+ * Because the configuration system does not allow "alias.0foo" and
+   "pager.0foo" as the configuration key, the user cannot use '0foo'
+   as a custom command name anyway, but "git 0foo" tried to look these
+   keys up and emitted useless warnings before saying '0foo is not a
+   git command'.  These warning messages have been squelched.
+   (merge 9e9de18 jk/fix-alias-pager-config-key-warnings later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-list" does not take "--notes" option, but did not complain
+   when one is given.
+   (merge 2aea7a5 jk/rev-list-has-no-notes later to maint).
+
+ * When re-priming the cache-tree opportunistically while committing
+   the in-core index as-is, we mistakenly invalidated the in-core
+   index too aggressively, causing the experimental split-index code
+   to unnecessarily rewrite the on-disk index file(s).
+   (merge 475a344 dt/commit-preserve-base-index-upon-opportunistic-cache-tree-update later to maint).
+
+ * "git archive" did not use zip64 extension when creating an archive
+   with more than 64k entries, which nobody should need, right ;-)?
+   (merge 88329ca rs/archive-zip-many later to maint).
+
+ * The code in "multiple-worktree" support that attempted to recover
+   from an inconsistent state updated an incorrect file.
+   (merge 82fde87 nd/fixup-linked-gitdir later to maint).
+
+ * On case insensitive systems, "git p4" did not work well with client
+   specs.
+
+ * "git init empty && git -C empty log" said "bad default revision 'HEAD'",
+   which was found to be a bit confusing to new users.
+   (merge ce11360 jk/log-missing-default-HEAD later to maint).
+
+ * Recent versions of scripted "git am" has a performance regression in
+   "git am --skip" codepath, which no longer exists in the built-in
+   version on the 'master' front.  Fix the regression in the last
+   scripted version that appear in 2.5.x maintenance track and older.
+   (merge b9d6689 js/maint-am-skip-performance-regression later to maint).
+
+ * The branch descriptions that are set with "git branch --edit-description"
+   option were used in many places but they weren't clearly documented.
+   (merge 561d2b7 po/doc-branch-desc later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+   (merge 1c601af es/doc-clean-outdated-tools later to maint).
+   (merge 3581304 kn/tag-doc-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 3a59e59 kb/i18n-doc later to maint).
+   (merge 45abdee sb/remove-unused-var-from-builtin-add later to maint).
+   (merge 14691e3 sb/parse-options-codeformat later to maint).
+   (merge 4a6ada3 ad/bisect-cleanup later to maint).
+   (merge da4c5ad ta/docfix-index-format-tech later to maint).
+   (merge ae25fd3 sb/check-return-from-read-ref later to maint).
+   (merge b3325df nd/dwim-wildcards-as-pathspecs later to maint).
+   (merge 7aa9b9b sg/wt-status-header-inclusion later to maint).
+   (merge f04c690 as/docfix-reflog-expire-unreachable later to maint).
+   (merge 1269847 sg/t3020-typofix later to maint).
+   (merge 8b54c23 jc/calloc-pathspec later to maint).
+   (merge a6926b8 po/po-readme later to maint).
+   (merge 54d160e ss/fix-config-fd-leak later to maint).
+   (merge b80fa84 ah/submodule-typofix-in-error later to maint).
+   (merge 99885bc ah/reflog-typofix-in-error later to maint).
+   (merge 9476c2c ah/read-tree-usage-string later to maint).
+   (merge b8c1d27 ah/pack-objects-usage-strings later to maint).
+   (merge 486e1e1 br/svn-doc-include-paths-config later to maint).
+   (merge 1733ed3 ee/clean-test-fixes later to maint).
+   (merge 5fcadc3 gb/apply-comment-typofix later to maint).
+   (merge b894d3e mp/t7060-diff-index-test later to maint).
+   (merge d238710 as/config-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1e51363
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+Git v2.6.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.6
+----------------
+
+ * xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
+   extremely large files.  It uses "int" in many places, which can
+   overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
+   our input files, for example.  Cap the input size to soemwhere
+   around 1GB for now.
+
+ * Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
+   found in the URL.  The URLs that submodules use may come from
+   arbitrary sources (e.g., .gitmodules files in a remote
+   repository), and can hurt those who blindly enable recursive
+   fetch.  Restrict the allowed protocols to well known and safe
+   ones.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5b65e35
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
+Git v2.6.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.6.1
+------------------
+
+ * There were some classes of errors that "git fsck" diagnosed to its
+   standard error that did not cause it to exit with non-zero status.
+
+ * A test script for the HTTP service had a timing dependent bug,
+   which was fixed.
+
+ * Performance-measurement tests did not work without an installed Git.
+
+ * On a case insensitive filesystems, setting GIT_WORK_TREE variable
+   using a random cases that does not agree with what the filesystem
+   thinks confused Git that it wasn't inside the working tree.
+
+ * When "git am" was rewritten as a built-in, it stopped paying
+   attention to user.signingkey, which was fixed.
+
+ * After "git checkout --detach", "git status" reported a fairly
+   useless "HEAD detached at HEAD", instead of saying at which exact
+   commit.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" had a minor regression recently, which stopped
+   considering a line that begins with an indented '#' in its insn
+   sheet not a comment, which is now fixed.
+
+ * Description of the "log.follow" configuration variable in "git log"
+   documentation is now also copied to "git config" documentation.
+
+ * Allocation related functions and stdio are unsafe things to call
+   inside a signal handler, and indeed killing the pager can cause
+   glibc to deadlock waiting on allocation mutex as our signal handler
+   tries to free() some data structures in wait_for_pager().  Reduce
+   these unsafe calls.
+
+ * The way how --ref/--notes to specify the notes tree reference are
+   DWIMmed was not clearly documented.
+
+ * Customization to change the behaviour with "make -w" and "make -s"
+   in our Makefile was broken when they were used together.
+
+ * The Makefile always runs the library archiver with hardcoded "crs"
+   options, which was inconvenient for exotic platforms on which
+   people want to use programs with totally different set of command
+   line options.
+
+ * The ssh transport, just like any other transport over the network,
+   did not clear GIT_* environment variables, but it is possible to
+   use SendEnv and AcceptEnv to leak them to the remote invocation of
+   Git, which is not a good idea at all.  Explicitly clear them just
+   like we do for the local transport.
+
+ * "git blame --first-parent v1.0..v2.0" was not rejected but did not
+   limit the blame to commits on the first parent chain.
+
+ * Very small number of options take a parameter that is optional
+   (which is not a great UI element as they can only appear at the end
+   of the command line).  Add notice to documentation of each and
+   every one of them.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc6fe17
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,111 @@
+Git v2.6.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.6.2
+------------------
+
+ * The error message from "git blame --contents --reverse" incorrectly
+   talked about "--contents --children".
+
+ * "git merge-file" tried to signal how many conflicts it found, which
+   obviously would not work well when there are too many of them.
+
+ * The name-hash subsystem that is used to cope with case insensitive
+   filesystems keeps track of directories and their on-filesystem
+   cases for all the paths in the index by holding a pointer to a
+   randomly chosen cache entry that is inside the directory (for its
+   ce->ce_name component).  This pointer was not updated even when the
+   cache entry was removed from the index, leading to use after free.
+   This was fixed by recording the path for each directory instead of
+   borrowing cache entries and restructuring the API somewhat.
+
+ * When the "git am" command was reimplemented in C, "git am -3" had a
+   small regression where it is aborted in its error handling codepath
+   when underlying merge-recursive failed in some ways.
+
+ * The synopsis text and the usage string of subcommands that read
+   list of things from the standard input are often shown as if they
+   only take input from a file on a filesystem, which was misleading.
+
+ * A couple of commands still showed "[options]" in their usage string
+   to note where options should come on their command line, but we
+   spell that "[<options>]" in most places these days.
+
+ * The submodule code has been taught to work better with separate
+   work trees created via "git worktree add".
+
+ * When "git gc --auto" is backgrounded, its diagnosis message is
+   lost.  It now is saved to a file in $GIT_DIR and is shown next time
+   the "gc --auto" is run.
+
+ * Work around "git p4" failing when the P4 depot records the contents
+   in UTF-16 without UTF-16 BOM.
+
+ * Recent update to "rebase -i" that tries to sanity check the edited
+   insn sheet before it uses it has become too picky on Windows where
+   CRLF left by the editor is turned into a trailing CR on the line
+   read via the "read" built-in command.
+
+ * "git clone --dissociate" runs a big "git repack" process at the
+   end, and it helps to close file descriptors that are open on the
+   packs and their idx files before doing so on filesystems that
+   cannot remove a file that is still open.
+
+ * Correct "git p4 --detect-labels" so that it does not fail to create
+   a tag that points at a commit that is also being imported.
+
+ * The internal stripspace() function has been moved to where it
+   logically belongs to, i.e. strbuf API, and the command line parser
+   of "git stripspace" has been updated to use the parse_options API.
+
+ * Prepare for Git on-disk repository representation to undergo
+   backward incompatible changes by introducing a new repository
+   format version "1", with an extension mechanism.
+
+ * "git gc" used to barf when a symbolic ref has gone dangling
+   (e.g. the branch that used to be your upstream's default when you
+   cloned from it is now gone, and you did "fetch --prune").
+
+ * The normalize_ceiling_entry() function does not muck with the end
+   of the path it accepts, and the real world callers do rely on that,
+   but a test insisted that the function drops a trailing slash.
+
+ * "git gc" is safe to run anytime only because it has the built-in
+   grace period to protect young objects.  In order to run with no
+   grace period, the user must make sure that the repository is
+   quiescent.
+
+ * A recent "filter-branch --msg-filter" broke skipping of the commit
+   object header, which is fixed.
+
+ * "git --literal-pathspecs add -u/-A" without any command line
+   argument misbehaved ever since Git 2.0.
+
+ * Merging a branch that removes a path and another that changes the
+   mode bits on the same path should have conflicted at the path, but
+   it didn't and silently favoured the removal.
+
+ * "git imap-send" did not compile well with older version of cURL library.
+
+ * The linkage order of libraries was wrong in places around libcurl.
+
+ * It was not possible to use a repository-lookalike created by "git
+   worktree add" as a local source of "git clone".
+
+ * When "git send-email" wanted to talk over Net::SMTP::SSL,
+   Net::Cmd::datasend() did not like to be fed too many bytes at the
+   same time and failed to send messages.  Send the payload one line
+   at a time to work around the problem.
+
+ * We peek objects from submodule's object store by linking it to the
+   list of alternate object databases, but the code to do so forgot to
+   correctly initialize the list.
+
+ * "git status --branch --short" accessed beyond the constant string
+   "HEAD", which has been corrected.
+
+ * "git daemon" uses "run_command()" without "finish_command()", so it
+   needs to release resources itself, which it forgot to do.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b0256a2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v2.6.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.6.3
+------------------
+
+ * The "configure" script did not test for -lpthread correctly, which
+   upset some linkers.
+
+ * Add support for talking http/https over socks proxy.
+
+ * Portability fix for Windows, which may rewrite $SHELL variable using
+   non-POSIX paths.
+
+ * We now consistently allow all hooks to ignore their standard input,
+   rather than having git complain of SIGPIPE.
+
+ * Fix shell quoting in contrib script.
+
+ * Test portability fix for a topic in v2.6.1.
+
+ * Allow tilde-expansion in some http config variables.
+
+ * Give a useful special case "diff/show --word-diff-regex=." as an
+   example in the documentation.
+
+ * Fix for a corner case in filter-branch.
+
+ * Make git-p4 work on a detached head.
+
+ * Documentation clarification for "check-ignore" without "--verbose".
+
+ * Just like the working tree is cleaned up when the user cancelled
+   submission in P4Submit.applyCommit(), clean up the mess if "p4
+   submit" fails.
+
+ * Having a leftover .idx file without corresponding .pack file in
+   the repository hurts performance; "git gc" learned to prune them.
+
+ * The code to prepare the working tree side of temporary directory
+   for the "dir-diff" feature forgot that symbolic links need not be
+   copied (or symlinked) to the temporary area, as the code already
+   special cases and overwrites them.  Besides, it was wrong to try
+   computing the object name of the target of symbolic link, which may
+   not even exist or may be a directory.
+
+ * There was no way to defeat a configured rebase.autostash variable
+   from the command line, as "git rebase --no-autostash" was missing.
+
+ * Allow "git interpret-trailers" to run outside of a Git repository.
+
+ * Produce correct "dirty" marker for shell prompts, even when we
+   are on an orphan or an unborn branch.
+
+ * Some corner cases have been fixed in string-matching done in "git
+   status".
+
+ * Apple's common crypto implementation of SHA1_Update() does not take
+   more than 4GB at a time, and we now have a compile-time workaround
+   for it.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3e6331d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git v2.6.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.6.4
+------------------
+
+ * Because "test_when_finished" in our test framework queues the
+   clean-up tasks to be done in a shell variable, it should not be
+   used inside a subshell.  Add a mechanism to allow 'bash' to catch
+   such uses, and fix the ones that were found.
+
+ * Update "git subtree" (in contrib/) so that it can take whitespaces
+   in the pathnames, not only in the in-tree pathname but the name of
+   the directory that the repository is in.
+
+ * Cosmetic improvement to lock-file error messages.
+
+ * mark_tree_uninteresting() has code to handle the case where it gets
+   passed a NULL pointer in its 'tree' parameter, but the function had
+   'object = &tree->object' assignment before checking if tree is
+   NULL.  This gives a compiler an excuse to declare that tree will
+   never be NULL and apply a wrong optimization.  Avoid it.
+
+ * The helper used to iterate over loose object directories to prune
+   stale objects did not closedir() immediately when it is done with a
+   directory--a callback such as the one used for "git prune" may want
+   to do rmdir(), but it would fail on open directory on platforms
+   such as WinXP.
+
+ * "git p4" used to import Perforce CLs that touch only paths outside
+   the client spec as empty commits.  It has been corrected to ignore
+   them instead, with a new configuration git-p4.keepEmptyCommits as a
+   backward compatibility knob.
+
+ * The exit code of git-fsck did not reflect some types of errors
+   found in packed objects, which has been corrected.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index e6d46ed..98fc4cc 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -57,7 +57,8 @@
 differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
 to have.
 
-Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.
+Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.  See
+t/README for guidance.
 
 When adding a new feature, make sure that you have new tests to show
 the feature triggers the new behaviour when it should, and to show the
@@ -135,6 +136,11 @@
 
 (4) Sending your patches.
 
+Learn to use format-patch and send-email if possible.  These commands
+are optimized for the workflow of sending patches, avoiding many ways
+your existing e-mail client that is optimized for "multipart/*" mime
+type e-mails to corrupt and render your patches unusable.
+
 People on the Git mailing list need to be able to read and
 comment on the changes you are submitting.  It is important for
 a developer to be able to "quote" your changes, using standard
@@ -175,8 +181,11 @@
 
 You often want to add additional explanation about the patch,
 other than the commit message itself.  Place such "cover letter"
-material between the three dash lines and the diffstat. Git-notes
-can also be inserted using the `--notes` option.
+material between the three-dash line and the diffstat.  For
+patches requiring multiple iterations of review and discussion,
+an explanation of changes between each iteration can be kept in
+Git-notes and inserted automatically following the three-dash
+line via `git format-patch --notes`.
 
 Do not attach the patch as a MIME attachment, compressed or not.
 Do not let your e-mail client send quoted-printable.  Do not let
@@ -254,15 +263,15 @@
             person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
             it.
 
-	(d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
-	    are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
-	    personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
-	    maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
-	    this project or the open source license(s) involved.
+        (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
+            are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
+            personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
+            maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
+            this project or the open source license(s) involved.
 
 then you just add a line saying
 
-	Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
+        Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
 
 This line can be automatically added by Git if you run the git-commit
 command with the -s option.
@@ -337,7 +346,7 @@
      spend their time to improve your patch.  Go back to step (2).
 
  (4) The list forms consensus that the last round of your patch is
-     good.  Send it to the list and cc the maintainer.
+     good.  Send it to the maintainer and cc the list.
 
  (5) A topic branch is created with the patch and is merged to 'next',
      and cooked further and eventually graduates to 'master'.
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index 0cebc4f..a09969b 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -4,13 +4,13 @@
 
 --root::
 	Do not treat root commits as boundaries.  This can also be
-	controlled via the `blame.showroot` config option.
+	controlled via the `blame.showRoot` config option.
 
 --show-stats::
 	Include additional statistics at the end of blame output.
 
 -L <start>,<end>::
--L :<regex>::
+-L :<funcname>::
 	Annotate only the given line range. May be specified multiple times.
 	Overlapping ranges are allowed.
 +
diff --git a/Documentation/cmd-list.perl b/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
index 04f9977..5aa73cf 100755
--- a/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
+++ b/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
@@ -38,6 +38,10 @@
 	}
 }
 
+while (<>) {
+	last if /^### command list/;
+}
+
 my %cmds = ();
 for (sort <>) {
 	next if /^#/;
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 04a1e2f..fec0dea 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,8 @@
 dot-separated segment and the section name is everything before the last
 dot. The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric
 characters and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character.  Some
-variables may appear multiple times.
+variables may appear multiple times; we say then that the variable is
+multivalued.
 
 Syntax
 ~~~~~~
@@ -25,7 +26,7 @@
 
 The file consists of sections and variables.  A section begins with
 the name of the section in square brackets and continues until the next
-section begins.  Section names are not case sensitive.  Only alphanumeric
+section begins.  Section names are case-insensitive.  Only alphanumeric
 characters, `-` and `.` are allowed in section names.  Each variable
 must belong to some section, which means that there must be a section
 header before the first setting of a variable.
@@ -40,8 +41,8 @@
 --------
 
 Subsection names are case sensitive and can contain any characters except
-newline (doublequote `"` and backslash have to be escaped as `\"` and `\\`,
-respectively).  Section headers cannot span multiple
+newline (doublequote `"` and backslash can be included by escaping them
+as `\"` and `\\`, respectively).  Section headers cannot span multiple
 lines.  Variables may belong directly to a section or to a given subsection.
 You can have `[section]` if you have `[section "subsection"]`, but you
 don't need to.
@@ -53,38 +54,27 @@
 
 All the other lines (and the remainder of the line after the section
 header) are recognized as setting variables, in the form
-'name = value'.  If there is no equal sign on the line, the entire line
-is taken as 'name' and the variable is recognized as boolean "true".
+'name = value' (or just 'name', which is a short-hand to say that
+the variable is the boolean "true").
 The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric characters
-and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character.  There can be more
-than one value for a given variable; we say then that the variable is
-multivalued.
+and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character.
 
-Leading and trailing whitespace in a variable value is discarded.
-Internal whitespace within a variable value is retained verbatim.
+A line that defines a value can be continued to the next line by
+ending it with a `\`; the backquote and the end-of-line are
+stripped.  Leading whitespaces after 'name =', the remainder of the
+line after the first comment character '#' or ';', and trailing
+whitespaces of the line are discarded unless they are enclosed in
+double quotes.  Internal whitespaces within the value are retained
+verbatim.
 
-The values following the equals sign in variable assign are all either
-a string, an integer, or a boolean.  Boolean values may be given as yes/no,
-1/0, true/false or on/off.  Case is not significant in boolean values, when
-converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type specifier;
-'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
-
-String values may be entirely or partially enclosed in double quotes.
-You need to enclose variable values in double quotes if you want to
-preserve leading or trailing whitespace, or if the variable value contains
-comment characters (i.e. it contains '#' or ';').
-Double quote `"` and backslash `\` characters in variable values must
-be escaped: use `\"` for `"` and `\\` for `\`.
+Inside double quotes, double quote `"` and backslash `\` characters
+must be escaped: use `\"` for `"` and `\\` for `\`.
 
 The following escape sequences (beside `\"` and `\\`) are recognized:
 `\n` for newline character (NL), `\t` for horizontal tabulation (HT, TAB)
 and `\b` for backspace (BS).  Other char escape sequences (including octal
 escape sequences) are invalid.
 
-Variable values ending in a `\` are continued on the next line in the
-customary UNIX fashion.
-
-Some variables may require a special value format.
 
 Includes
 ~~~~~~~~
@@ -126,6 +116,60 @@
 		path = foo ; expand "foo" relative to the current file
 		path = ~/foo ; expand "foo" in your $HOME directory
 
+
+Values
+~~~~~~
+
+Values of many variables are treated as a simple string, but there
+are variables that take values of specific types and there are rules
+as to how to spell them.
+
+boolean::
+
+       When a variable is said to take a boolean value, many
+       synonyms are accepted for 'true' and 'false'; these are all
+       case-insensitive.
+
+       true;; Boolean true can be spelled as `yes`, `on`, `true`,
+		or `1`.  Also, a variable defined without `= <value>`
+		is taken as true.
+
+       false;; Boolean false can be spelled as `no`, `off`,
+		`false`, or `0`.
++
+When converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type
+specifier; 'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or
+"false" (spelled in lowercase).
+
+integer::
+       The value for many variables that specify various sizes can
+       be suffixed with `k`, `M`,... to mean "scale the number by
+       1024", "by 1024x1024", etc.
+
+color::
+       The value for a variables that takes a color is a list of
+       colors (at most two) and attributes (at most one), separated
+       by spaces.  The colors accepted are `normal`, `black`,
+       `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`, `magenta`, `cyan` and
+       `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`, `blink` and
+       `reverse`.  The first color given is the foreground; the
+       second is the background.  The position of the attribute, if
+       any, doesn't matter. Attributes may be turned off specifically
+       by prefixing them with `no` (e.g., `noreverse`, `noul`, etc).
++
+Colors (foreground and background) may also be given as numbers between
+0 and 255; these use ANSI 256-color mode (but note that not all
+terminals may support this).  If your terminal supports it, you may also
+specify 24-bit RGB values as hex, like `#ff0ab3`.
++
+The attributes are meant to be reset at the beginning of each item
+in the colored output, so setting color.decorate.branch to `black`
+will paint that branch name in a plain `black`, even if the previous
+thing on the same output line (e.g. opening parenthesis before the
+list of branch names in `log --decorate` output) is set to be
+painted with `bold` or some other attribute.
+
+
 Variables
 ~~~~~~~~~
 
@@ -204,15 +248,28 @@
 --
 
 core.fileMode::
-	If false, the executable bit differences between the index and
-	the working tree are ignored; useful on broken filesystems like FAT.
-	See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+	Tells Git if the executable bit of files in the working tree
+	is to be honored.
 +
-The default is true, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
-will probe and set core.fileMode false if appropriate when the
-repository is created.
+Some filesystems lose the executable bit when a file that is
+marked as executable is checked out, or checks out an
+non-executable file with executable bit on.
+linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1] probe the filesystem
+to see if it handles the executable bit correctly
+and this variable is automatically set as necessary.
++
+A repository, however, may be on a filesystem that handles
+the filemode correctly, and this variable is set to 'true'
+when created, but later may be made accessible from another
+environment that loses the filemode (e.g. exporting ext4 via
+CIFS mount, visiting a Cygwin created repository with
+Git for Windows or Eclipse).
+In such a case it may be necessary to set this variable to 'false'.
+See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
++
+The default is true (when core.filemode is not specified in the config file).
 
-core.ignorecase::
+core.ignoreCase::
 	If true, this option enables various workarounds to enable
 	Git to work better on filesystems that are not case sensitive,
 	like FAT. For example, if a directory listing finds
@@ -221,18 +278,29 @@
 	"Makefile".
 +
 The default is false, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
-will probe and set core.ignorecase true if appropriate when the repository
+will probe and set core.ignoreCase true if appropriate when the repository
 is created.
 
-core.precomposeunicode::
+core.precomposeUnicode::
 	This option is only used by Mac OS implementation of Git.
-	When core.precomposeunicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
+	When core.precomposeUnicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
 	of filenames done by Mac OS. This is useful when sharing a repository
 	between Mac OS and Linux or Windows.
 	(Git for Windows 1.7.10 or higher is needed, or Git under cygwin 1.7).
 	When false, file names are handled fully transparent by Git,
 	which is backward compatible with older versions of Git.
 
+core.protectHFS::
+	If set to true, do not allow checkout of paths that would
+	be considered equivalent to `.git` on an HFS+ filesystem.
+	Defaults to `true` on Mac OS, and `false` elsewhere.
+
+core.protectNTFS::
+	If set to true, do not allow checkout of paths that would
+	cause problems with the NTFS filesystem, e.g. conflict with
+	8.3 "short" names.
+	Defaults to `true` on Windows, and `false` elsewhere.
+
 core.trustctime::
 	If false, the ctime differences between the index and the
 	working tree are ignored; useful when the inode change time
@@ -240,13 +308,13 @@
 	crawlers and some backup systems).
 	See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
 
-core.checkstat::
+core.checkStat::
 	Determines which stat fields to match between the index
 	and work tree. The user can set this to 'default' or
 	'minimal'. Default (or explicitly 'default'), is to check
 	all fields, including the sub-second part of mtime and ctime.
 
-core.quotepath::
+core.quotePath::
 	The commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files',
 	'diff'), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
 	"unusual" characters in the pathname by enclosing the
@@ -351,14 +419,19 @@
 proxy use, while defaulting to a common proxy for external domains.
 
 core.ignoreStat::
-	If true, commands which modify both the working tree and the index
-	will mark the updated paths with the "assume unchanged" bit in the
-	index. These marked files are then assumed to stay unchanged in the
-	working tree, until you mark them otherwise manually - Git will not
-	detect the file changes	by lstat() calls. This is useful on systems
-	where those are very slow, such as Microsoft Windows.
-	See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
-	False by default.
+	If true, Git will avoid using lstat() calls to detect if files have
+	changed by setting the "assume-unchanged" bit for those tracked files
+	which it has updated identically in both the index and working tree.
++
+When files are modified outside of Git, the user will need to stage
+the modified files explicitly (e.g. see 'Examples' section in
+linkgit:git-update-index[1]).
+Git will not normally detect changes to those files.
++
+This is useful on systems where lstat() calls are very slow, such as
+CIFS/Microsoft Windows.
++
+False by default.
 
 core.preferSymlinkRefs::
 	Instead of the default "symref" format for HEAD
@@ -380,6 +453,8 @@
 
 core.worktree::
 	Set the path to the root of the working tree.
+	If GIT_COMMON_DIR environment variable is set, core.worktree
+	is ignored and not used for determining the root of working tree.
 	This can be overridden by the GIT_WORK_TREE environment
 	variable and the '--work-tree' command-line option.
 	The value can be an absolute path or relative to the path to
@@ -445,9 +520,9 @@
 	-1 is the zlib default. 0 means no compression,
 	and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being slowest.
 	If set, this provides a default to other compression variables,
-	such as 'core.loosecompression' and 'pack.compression'.
+	such as 'core.looseCompression' and 'pack.compression'.
 
-core.loosecompression::
+core.looseCompression::
 	An integer -1..9, indicating the compression level for objects that
 	are not in a pack file. -1 is the zlib default. 0 means no
 	compression, and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being
@@ -508,7 +583,7 @@
 +
 Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are supported.
 
-core.excludesfile::
+core.excludesFile::
 	In addition to '.gitignore' (per-directory) and
 	'.git/info/exclude', Git looks into this file for patterns
 	of files which are not meant to be tracked.  "`~/`" is expanded
@@ -517,7 +592,7 @@
 	If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore
 	is used instead. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
 
-core.askpass::
+core.askPass::
 	Some commands (e.g. svn and http interfaces) that interactively
 	ask for a password can be told to use an external program given
 	via the value of this variable. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_ASKPASS'
@@ -526,11 +601,11 @@
 	prompt. The external program shall be given a suitable prompt as
 	command-line argument and write the password on its STDOUT.
 
-core.attributesfile::
+core.attributesFile::
 	In addition to '.gitattributes' (per-directory) and
 	'.git/info/attributes', Git looks into this file for attributes
 	(see linkgit:gitattributes[5]). Path expansions are made the same
-	way as for `core.excludesfile`. Its default value is
+	way as for `core.excludesFile`. Its default value is
 	$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not
 	set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
 
@@ -540,7 +615,7 @@
 	variable when it is set, and the environment variable
 	`GIT_EDITOR` is not set.  See linkgit:git-var[1].
 
-core.commentchar::
+core.commentChar::
 	Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
 	messages consider a line that begins with this character
 	commented, and removes them after the editor returns
@@ -549,6 +624,12 @@
 If set to "auto", `git-commit` would select a character that is not
 the beginning character of any line in existing commit messages.
 
+core.packedRefsTimeout::
+	The length of time, in milliseconds, to retry when trying to
+	lock the `packed-refs` file. Value 0 means not to retry at
+	all; -1 means to try indefinitely. Default is 1000 (i.e.,
+	retry for 1 second).
+
 sequence.editor::
 	Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase instruction file.
 	The value is meant to be interpreted by the shell when it is used.
@@ -609,7 +690,7 @@
   is relevant for `indent-with-non-tab` and when Git fixes `tab-in-indent`
   errors. The default tab width is 8. Allowed values are 1 to 63.
 
-core.fsyncobjectfiles::
+core.fsyncObjectFiles::
 	This boolean will enable 'fsync()' when writing object files.
 +
 This is a total waste of time and effort on a filesystem that orders
@@ -617,7 +698,7 @@
 journalling (traditional UNIX filesystems) or that only journal metadata
 and not file contents (OS X's HFS+, or Linux ext3 with "data=writeback").
 
-core.preloadindex::
+core.preloadIndex::
 	Enable parallel index preload for operations like 'git diff'
 +
 This can speed up operations like 'git diff' and 'git status' especially
@@ -654,14 +735,13 @@
 	for abbreviated object names to stay unique for sufficiently long
 	time.
 
-add.ignore-errors::
 add.ignoreErrors::
+add.ignore-errors (deprecated)::
 	Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
 	added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the '--ignore-errors'
-	option of linkgit:git-add[1].  Older versions of Git accept only
-	`add.ignore-errors`, which does not follow the usual naming
-	convention for configuration variables.  Newer versions of Git
-	honor `add.ignoreErrors` as well.
+	option of linkgit:git-add[1].  `add.ignore-errors` is deprecated,
+	as it does not follow the usual naming convention for configuration
+	variables.
 
 alias.*::
 	Command aliases for the linkgit:git[1] command wrapper - e.g.
@@ -670,7 +750,7 @@
 	confusion and troubles with script usage, aliases that
 	hide existing Git commands are ignored. Arguments are split by
 	spaces, the usual shell quoting and escaping is supported.
-	quote pair and a backslash can be used to quote them.
+	A quote pair or a backslash can be used to quote them.
 +
 If the alias expansion is prefixed with an exclamation point,
 it will be treated as a shell command.  For example, defining
@@ -689,7 +769,15 @@
 	by giving '--no-keep-cr' from the command line.
 	See linkgit:git-am[1], linkgit:git-mailsplit[1].
 
-apply.ignorewhitespace::
+am.threeWay::
+	By default, `git am` will fail if the patch does not apply cleanly. When
+	set to true, this setting tells `git am` to fall back on 3-way merge if
+	the patch records the identity of blobs it is supposed to apply to and
+	we have those blobs available locally (equivalent to giving the `--3way`
+	option from the command line). Defaults to `false`.
+	See linkgit:git-am[1].
+
+apply.ignoreWhitespace::
 	When set to 'change', tells 'git apply' to ignore changes in
 	whitespace, in the same way as the '--ignore-space-change'
 	option.
@@ -701,7 +789,7 @@
 	Tells 'git apply' how to handle whitespaces, in the same way
 	as the '--whitespace' option. See linkgit:git-apply[1].
 
-branch.autosetupmerge::
+branch.autoSetupMerge::
 	Tells 'git branch' and 'git checkout' to set up new branches
 	so that linkgit:git-pull[1] will appropriately merge from the
 	starting point branch. Note that even if this option is not set,
@@ -713,7 +801,7 @@
 	local branch or remote-tracking
 	branch. This option defaults to true.
 
-branch.autosetuprebase::
+branch.autoSetupRebase::
 	When a new branch is created with 'git branch' or 'git checkout'
 	that tracks another branch, this variable tells Git to set
 	up pull to rebase instead of merge (see "branch.<name>.rebase").
@@ -724,27 +812,27 @@
 	remote-tracking branches.
 	When `always`, rebase will be set to true for all tracking
 	branches.
-	See "branch.autosetupmerge" for details on how to set up a
+	See "branch.autoSetupMerge" for details on how to set up a
 	branch to track another branch.
 	This option defaults to never.
 
 branch.<name>.remote::
 	When on branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push'
 	which remote to fetch from/push to.  The remote to push to
-	may be overridden with `remote.pushdefault` (for all branches).
+	may be overridden with `remote.pushDefault` (for all branches).
 	The remote to push to, for the current branch, may be further
-	overridden by `branch.<name>.pushremote`.  If no remote is
+	overridden by `branch.<name>.pushRemote`.  If no remote is
 	configured, or if you are not on any branch, it defaults to
-	`origin` for fetching and `remote.pushdefault` for pushing.
+	`origin` for fetching and `remote.pushDefault` for pushing.
 	Additionally, `.` (a period) is the current local repository
 	(a dot-repository), see `branch.<name>.merge`'s final note below.
 
-branch.<name>.pushremote::
+branch.<name>.pushRemote::
 	When on branch <name>, it overrides `branch.<name>.remote` for
-	pushing.  It also overrides `remote.pushdefault` for pushing
+	pushing.  It also overrides `remote.pushDefault` for pushing
 	from branch <name>.  When you pull from one place (e.g. your
 	upstream) and push to another place (e.g. your own publishing
-	repository), you would want to set `remote.pushdefault` to
+	repository), you would want to set `remote.pushDefault` to
 	specify the remote to push to for all branches, and use this
 	option to override it for a specific branch.
 
@@ -766,7 +854,7 @@
 	branch.<name>.merge to the desired branch, and use the relative path
 	setting `.` (a period) for branch.<name>.remote.
 
-branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
+branch.<name>.mergeOptions::
 	Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
 	supported options are the same as those of linkgit:git-merge[1], but
 	option values containing whitespace characters are currently not
@@ -778,9 +866,9 @@
 	"git pull" is run. See "pull.rebase" for doing this in a non
 	branch-specific manner.
 +
-	When preserve, also pass `--preserve-merges` along to 'git rebase'
-	so that locally committed merge commits will not be flattened
-	by running 'git pull'.
+When preserve, also pass `--preserve-merges` along to 'git rebase'
+so that locally committed merge commits will not be flattened
+by running 'git pull'.
 +
 *NOTE*: this is a possibly dangerous operation; do *not* use
 it unless you understand the implications (see linkgit:git-rebase[1]
@@ -818,14 +906,6 @@
 	`remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/),
 	`upstream` (upstream tracking branch), `plain` (other
 	refs).
-+
-The value for these configuration variables is a list of colors (at most
-two) and attributes (at most one), separated by spaces.  The colors
-accepted are `normal`, `black`, `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`,
-`magenta`, `cyan` and `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`,
-`blink` and `reverse`.  The first color given is the foreground; the
-second is the background.  The position of the attribute, if any,
-doesn't matter.
 
 color.diff::
 	Whether to use ANSI escape sequences to add color to patches.
@@ -842,11 +922,11 @@
 color.diff.<slot>::
 	Use customized color for diff colorization.  `<slot>` specifies
 	which part of the patch to use the specified color, and is one
-	of `plain` (context text), `meta` (metainformation), `frag`
+	of `context` (context text - `plain` is a historical synonym),
+	`meta` (metainformation), `frag`
 	(hunk header), 'func' (function in hunk header), `old` (removed lines),
 	`new` (added lines), `commit` (commit headers), or `whitespace`
-	(highlighting whitespace errors). The values of these variables may be
-	specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+	(highlighting whitespace errors).
 
 color.decorate.<slot>::
 	Use customized color for 'git log --decorate' output.  `<slot>` is one
@@ -872,15 +952,17 @@
 `linenumber`;;
 	line number prefix (when using `-n`)
 `match`;;
-	matching text
+	matching text (same as setting `matchContext` and `matchSelected`)
+`matchContext`;;
+	matching text in context lines
+`matchSelected`;;
+	matching text in selected lines
 `selected`;;
 	non-matching text in selected lines
 `separator`;;
 	separators between fields on a line (`:`, `-`, and `=`)
 	and between hunks (`--`)
 --
-+
-The values of these variables may be specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
 
 color.interactive::
 	When set to `always`, always use colors for interactive prompts
@@ -893,14 +975,13 @@
 	Use customized color for 'git add --interactive' and 'git clean
 	--interactive' output. `<slot>` may be `prompt`, `header`, `help`
 	or `error`, for four distinct types of normal output from
-	interactive commands.  The values of these variables may be
-	specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+	interactive commands.
 
 color.pager::
 	A boolean to enable/disable colored output when the pager is in
 	use (default is true).
 
-color.showbranch::
+color.showBranch::
 	A boolean to enable/disable color in the output of
 	linkgit:git-show-branch[1]. May be set to `always`,
 	`false` (or `never`) or `auto` (or `true`), in which case colors are used
@@ -918,10 +999,10 @@
 	`added` or `updated` (files which are added but not committed),
 	`changed` (files which are changed but not added in the index),
 	`untracked` (files which are not tracked by Git),
-	`branch` (the current branch), or
+	`branch` (the current branch),
 	`nobranch` (the color the 'no branch' warning is shown in, defaulting
-	to red). The values of these variables may be specified as in
-	color.branch.<slot>.
+	to red), or
+	`unmerged` (files which have unmerged changes).
 
 color.ui::
 	This variable determines the default value for variables such
@@ -1000,7 +1081,7 @@
 	have to remove the help lines that begin with `#` in the commit log
 	template yourself, if you do this).
 
-commit.gpgsign::
+commit.gpgSign::
 
 	A boolean to specify whether all commits should be GPG signed.
 	Use of this option when doing operations such as rebase can
@@ -1113,7 +1194,7 @@
 	by mail.  See the --to and --cc options in
 	linkgit:git-format-patch[1].
 
-format.subjectprefix::
+format.subjectPrefix::
 	The default for format-patch is to output files with the '[PATCH]'
 	subject prefix. Use this variable to change that prefix.
 
@@ -1123,7 +1204,7 @@
 	Set this variable to the empty string ("") to suppress
 	signature generation.
 
-format.signaturefile::
+format.signatureFile::
 	Works just like format.signature except the contents of the
 	file specified by this variable will be used as the signature.
 
@@ -1147,7 +1228,7 @@
 	A true boolean value is the same as `shallow`, and a false
 	value disables threading.
 
-format.signoff::
+format.signOff::
 	A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
 	format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
 	patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
@@ -1169,6 +1250,25 @@
 	object to a worktree file upon checkout.  See
 	linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
 
+fsck.<msg-id>::
+	Allows overriding the message type (error, warn or ignore) of a
+	specific message ID such as `missingEmail`.
++
+For convenience, fsck prefixes the error/warning with the message ID,
+e.g.  "missingEmail: invalid author/committer line - missing email" means
+that setting `fsck.missingEmail = ignore` will hide that issue.
++
+This feature is intended to support working with legacy repositories
+which cannot be repaired without disruptive changes.
+
+fsck.skipList::
+	The path to a sorted list of object names (i.e. one SHA-1 per
+	line) that are known to be broken in a non-fatal way and should
+	be ignored. This feature is useful when an established project
+	should be accepted despite early commits containing errors that
+	can be safely ignored such as invalid committer email addresses.
+	Note: corrupt objects cannot be skipped with this setting.
+
 gc.aggressiveDepth::
 	The depth parameter used in the delta compression
 	algorithm used by 'git gc --aggressive'.  This defaults
@@ -1186,17 +1286,17 @@
 	light-weight garbage collection from time to time.  The
 	default value is 6700.  Setting this to 0 disables it.
 
-gc.autopacklimit::
+gc.autoPackLimit::
 	When there are more than this many packs that are not
 	marked with `*.keep` file in the repository, `git gc
 	--auto` consolidates them into one larger pack.  The
 	default	value is 50.  Setting this to 0 disables it.
 
-gc.autodetach::
-	Make `git gc --auto` return immediately andrun in background
+gc.autoDetach::
+	Make `git gc --auto` return immediately and run in background
 	if the system supports it. Default is true.
 
-gc.packrefs::
+gc.packRefs::
 	Running `git pack-refs` in a repository renders it
 	unclonable by Git versions prior to 1.5.1.2 over dumb
 	transports such as HTTP.  This variable determines whether
@@ -1204,38 +1304,51 @@
 	to enable it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a
 	boolean value.  The default is `true`.
 
-gc.pruneexpire::
+gc.pruneExpire::
 	When 'git gc' is run, it will call 'prune --expire 2.weeks.ago'.
 	Override the grace period with this config variable.  The value
-	"now" may be used to disable this  grace period and always prune
-	unreachable objects immediately.
+	"now" may be used to disable this grace period and always prune
+	unreachable objects immediately, or "never" may be used to
+	suppress pruning.
 
-gc.reflogexpire::
-gc.<pattern>.reflogexpire::
+gc.worktreePruneExpire::
+	When 'git gc' is run, it calls
+	'git worktree prune --expire 3.months.ago'.
+	This config variable can be used to set a different grace
+	period. The value "now" may be used to disable the grace
+	period and prune $GIT_DIR/worktrees immediately, or "never"
+	may be used to suppress pruning.
+
+gc.reflogExpire::
+gc.<pattern>.reflogExpire::
 	'git reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
-	this time; defaults to 90 days.  With "<pattern>" (e.g.
+	this time; defaults to 90 days. The value "now" expires all
+	entries immediately, and "never" suppresses expiration
+	altogether. With "<pattern>" (e.g.
 	"refs/stash") in the middle the setting applies only to
 	the refs that match the <pattern>.
 
-gc.reflogexpireunreachable::
-gc.<ref>.reflogexpireunreachable::
+gc.reflogExpireUnreachable::
+gc.<pattern>.reflogExpireUnreachable::
 	'git reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
 	this time and are not reachable from the current tip;
-	defaults to 30 days.  With "<pattern>" (e.g. "refs/stash")
+	defaults to 30 days. The value "now" expires all entries
+	immediately, and "never" suppresses expiration altogether.
+	With "<pattern>" (e.g. "refs/stash")
 	in the middle, the setting applies only to the refs that
 	match the <pattern>.
 
-gc.rerereresolved::
+gc.rerereResolved::
 	Records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
 	kept for this many days when 'git rerere gc' is run.
 	The default is 60 days.  See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
 
-gc.rerereunresolved::
+gc.rerereUnresolved::
 	Records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
 	kept for this many days when 'git rerere gc' is run.
 	The default is 15 days.  See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
 
-gitcvs.commitmsgannotation::
+gitcvs.commitMsgAnnotation::
 	Append this string to each commit message. Set to empty string
 	to disable this feature. Defaults to "via git-CVS emulator".
 
@@ -1243,7 +1356,7 @@
 	Whether the CVS server interface is enabled for this repository.
 	See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
 
-gitcvs.logfile::
+gitcvs.logFile::
 	Path to a log file where the CVS server interface well... logs
 	various stuff. See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
 
@@ -1255,10 +1368,10 @@
 	treat it as text. If they suppress text conversion, the file
 	will be set with '-kb' mode, which suppresses any newline munging
 	the client might otherwise do. If the attributes do not allow
-	the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allbinary' is
+	the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allBinary' is
 	used. See linkgit:gitattributes[5].
 
-gitcvs.allbinary::
+gitcvs.allBinary::
 	This is used if 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' does not resolve
 	the correct '-kb' mode to use. If true, all
 	unresolved files are sent to the client in
@@ -1268,7 +1381,7 @@
 	then the contents of the file are examined to decide if
 	it is binary, similar to 'core.autocrlf'.
 
-gitcvs.dbname::
+gitcvs.dbName::
 	Database used by git-cvsserver to cache revision information
 	derived from the Git repository. The exact meaning depends on the
 	used database driver, for SQLite (which is the default driver) this
@@ -1276,7 +1389,7 @@
 	linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details). May not contain semicolons (`;`).
 	Default: '%Ggitcvs.%m.sqlite'
 
-gitcvs.dbdriver::
+gitcvs.dbDriver::
 	Used Perl DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
 	for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
 	with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with 'DBD::Pg', and
@@ -1284,10 +1397,10 @@
 	May not contain double colons (`:`). Default: 'SQLite'.
 	See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
 
-gitcvs.dbuser, gitcvs.dbpass::
-	Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbdriver',
+gitcvs.dbUser, gitcvs.dbPass::
+	Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbDriver',
 	since SQLite has no concept of database users and/or passwords.
-	'gitcvs.dbuser' supports variable substitution (see
+	'gitcvs.dbUser' supports variable substitution (see
 	linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details).
 
 gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
@@ -1298,7 +1411,7 @@
 	characters will be replaced with underscores.
 
 All gitcvs variables except for 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' and
-'gitcvs.allbinary' can also be specified as
+'gitcvs.allBinary' can also be specified as
 'gitcvs.<access_method>.<varname>' (where 'access_method'
 is one of "ext" and "pserver") to make them apply only for the given
 access method.
@@ -1316,7 +1429,7 @@
 gitweb.patches::
 gitweb.pickaxe::
 gitweb.remote_heads::
-gitweb.showsizes::
+gitweb.showSizes::
 gitweb.snapshot::
 	See linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] for description.
 
@@ -1340,20 +1453,20 @@
 	same command-line interface as GPG, namely, to verify a detached
 	signature, "gpg --verify $file - <$signature" is run, and the
 	program is expected to signal a good signature by exiting with
-	code 0, and to generate an ascii-armored detached signature, the
+	code 0, and to generate an ASCII-armored detached signature, the
 	standard input of "gpg -bsau $key" is fed with the contents to be
 	signed, and the program is expected to send the result to its
 	standard output.
 
-gui.commitmsgwidth::
+gui.commitMsgWidth::
 	Defines how wide the commit message window is in the
 	linkgit:git-gui[1]. "75" is the default.
 
-gui.diffcontext::
+gui.diffContext::
 	Specifies how many context lines should be used in calls to diff
 	made by the linkgit:git-gui[1]. The default is "5".
 
-gui.displayuntracked::
+gui.displayUntracked::
 	Determines if linkgit::git-gui[1] shows untracked files
 	in the file list. The default is "true".
 
@@ -1365,16 +1478,16 @@
 	If this option is not set, the tools default to the
 	locale encoding.
 
-gui.matchtrackingbranch::
+gui.matchTrackingBranch::
 	Determines if new branches created with linkgit:git-gui[1] should
 	default to tracking remote branches with matching names or
 	not. Default: "false".
 
-gui.newbranchtemplate::
+gui.newBranchTemplate::
 	Is used as suggested name when creating new branches using the
 	linkgit:git-gui[1].
 
-gui.pruneduringfetch::
+gui.pruneDuringFetch::
 	"true" if linkgit:git-gui[1] should prune remote-tracking branches when
 	performing a fetch. The default value is "false".
 
@@ -1382,17 +1495,17 @@
 	Determines if linkgit:git-gui[1] should trust the file modification
 	timestamp or not. By default the timestamps are not trusted.
 
-gui.spellingdictionary::
+gui.spellingDictionary::
 	Specifies the dictionary used for spell checking commit messages in
 	the linkgit:git-gui[1]. When set to "none" spell checking is turned
 	off.
 
-gui.fastcopyblame::
+gui.fastCopyBlame::
 	If true, 'git gui blame' uses `-C` instead of `-C -C` for original
 	location detection. It makes blame significantly faster on huge
 	repositories at the expense of less thorough copy detection.
 
-gui.copyblamethreshold::
+gui.copyBlameThreshold::
 	Specifies the threshold to use in 'git gui blame' original location
 	detection, measured in alphanumeric characters. See the
 	linkgit:git-blame[1] manual for more information on copy detection.
@@ -1412,22 +1525,22 @@
 	'FILENAME', and the name of the current branch as 'CUR_BRANCH' (if
 	the head is detached, 'CUR_BRANCH' is empty).
 
-guitool.<name>.needsfile::
+guitool.<name>.needsFile::
 	Run the tool only if a diff is selected in the GUI. It guarantees
 	that 'FILENAME' is not empty.
 
-guitool.<name>.noconsole::
+guitool.<name>.noConsole::
 	Run the command silently, without creating a window to display its
 	output.
 
-guitool.<name>.norescan::
+guitool.<name>.noRescan::
 	Don't rescan the working directory for changes after the tool
 	finishes execution.
 
 guitool.<name>.confirm::
 	Show a confirmation dialog before actually running the tool.
 
-guitool.<name>.argprompt::
+guitool.<name>.argPrompt::
 	Request a string argument from the user, and pass it to the tool
 	through the 'ARGS' environment variable. Since requesting an
 	argument implies confirmation, the 'confirm' option has no effect
@@ -1435,13 +1548,13 @@
 	the dialog uses a built-in generic prompt; otherwise the exact
 	value of the variable is used.
 
-guitool.<name>.revprompt::
+guitool.<name>.revPrompt::
 	Request a single valid revision from the user, and set the
 	'REVISION' environment variable. In other aspects this option
-	is similar to 'argprompt', and can be used together with it.
+	is similar to 'argPrompt', and can be used together with it.
 
-guitool.<name>.revunmerged::
-	Show only unmerged branches in the 'revprompt' subdialog.
+guitool.<name>.revUnmerged::
+	Show only unmerged branches in the 'revPrompt' subdialog.
 	This is useful for tools similar to merge or rebase, but not
 	for things like checkout or reset.
 
@@ -1451,7 +1564,7 @@
 
 guitool.<name>.prompt::
 	Specifies the general prompt string to display at the top of
-	the dialog, before subsections for 'argprompt' and 'revprompt'.
+	the dialog, before subsections for 'argPrompt' and 'revPrompt'.
 	The default value includes the actual command.
 
 help.browser::
@@ -1463,7 +1576,7 @@
 	Values 'man', 'info', 'web' and 'html' are supported. 'man' is
 	the default. 'web' and 'html' are the same.
 
-help.autocorrect::
+help.autoCorrect::
 	Automatically correct and execute mistyped commands after
 	waiting for the given number of deciseconds (0.1 sec). If more
 	than one command can be deduced from the entered text, nothing
@@ -1472,7 +1585,7 @@
 	value is 0 - the command will be just shown but not executed.
 	This is the default.
 
-help.htmlpath::
+help.htmlPath::
 	Specify the path where the HTML documentation resides. File system paths
 	and URLs are supported. HTML pages will be prefixed with this path when
 	help is displayed in the 'web' format. This defaults to the documentation
@@ -1484,17 +1597,53 @@
 	`curl(1)`).  This can be overridden on a per-remote basis; see
 	remote.<name>.proxy
 
-http.cookiefile::
+http.cookieFile::
 	File containing previously stored cookie lines which should be used
 	in the Git http session, if they match the server. The file format
 	of the file to read cookies from should be plain HTTP headers or
 	the Netscape/Mozilla cookie file format (see linkgit:curl[1]).
-	NOTE that the file specified with http.cookiefile is only used as
+	NOTE that the file specified with http.cookieFile is only used as
 	input unless http.saveCookies is set.
 
-http.savecookies::
+http.saveCookies::
 	If set, store cookies received during requests to the file specified by
-	http.cookiefile. Has no effect if http.cookiefile is unset.
+	http.cookieFile. Has no effect if http.cookieFile is unset.
+
+http.sslVersion::
+	The SSL version to use when negotiating an SSL connection, if you
+	want to force the default.  The available and default version
+	depend on whether libcurl was built against NSS or OpenSSL and the
+	particular configuration of the crypto library in use. Internally
+	this sets the 'CURLOPT_SSL_VERSION' option; see the libcurl
+	documentation for more details on the format of this option and
+	for the ssl version supported. Actually the possible values of
+	this option are:
+
+	- sslv2
+	- sslv3
+	- tlsv1
+	- tlsv1.0
+	- tlsv1.1
+	- tlsv1.2
+
++
+Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_VERSION' environment variable.
+To force git to use libcurl's default ssl version and ignore any
+explicit http.sslversion option, set 'GIT_SSL_VERSION' to the
+empty string.
+
+http.sslCipherList::
+  A list of SSL ciphers to use when negotiating an SSL connection.
+  The available ciphers depend on whether libcurl was built against
+  NSS or OpenSSL and the particular configuration of the crypto
+  library in use.  Internally this sets the 'CURLOPT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST'
+  option; see the libcurl documentation for more details on the format
+  of this list.
++
+Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' environment variable.
+To force git to use libcurl's default cipher list and ignore any
+explicit http.sslCipherList option, set 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' to the
+empty string.
 
 http.sslVerify::
 	Whether to verify the SSL certificate when fetching or pushing
@@ -1565,7 +1714,7 @@
 	support EPSV mode. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV'
 	environment variable. Default is false (curl will use EPSV).
 
-http.useragent::
+http.userAgent::
 	The HTTP USER_AGENT string presented to an HTTP server.  The default
 	value represents the version of the client Git such as git/1.7.1.
 	This option allows you to override this value to a more common value
@@ -1575,7 +1724,7 @@
 	Can be overridden by the 'GIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT' environment variable.
 
 http.<url>.*::
-	Any of the http.* options above can be applied selectively to some urls.
+	Any of the http.* options above can be applied selectively to some URLs.
 	For a config key to match a URL, each element of the config key is
 	compared to that of the URL, in the following order:
 +
@@ -1614,8 +1763,8 @@
 +
 All URLs are normalized before attempting any matching (the password part,
 if embedded in the URL, is always ignored for matching purposes) so that
-equivalent urls that are simply spelled differently will match properly.
-Environment variable settings always override any matches.  The urls that are
+equivalent URLs that are simply spelled differently will match properly.
+Environment variable settings always override any matches.  The URLs that are
 matched against are those given directly to Git commands.  This means any URLs
 visited as a result of a redirection do not participate in matching.
 
@@ -1638,7 +1787,7 @@
 	Specify the version with which new index files should be
 	initialized.  This does not affect existing repositories.
 
-init.templatedir::
+init.templateDir::
 	Specify the directory from which templates will be copied.
 	(See the "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section of linkgit:git-init[1].)
 
@@ -1654,7 +1803,7 @@
 	If true the web server started by linkgit:git-instaweb[1] will
 	be bound to the local IP (127.0.0.1).
 
-instaweb.modulepath::
+instaweb.modulePath::
 	The default module path for linkgit:git-instaweb[1] to use
 	instead of /usr/lib/apache2/modules.  Only used if httpd
 	is Apache.
@@ -1663,7 +1812,7 @@
 	The port number to bind the gitweb httpd to. See
 	linkgit:git-instaweb[1].
 
-interactive.singlekey::
+interactive.singleKey::
 	In interactive commands, allow the user to provide one-letter
 	input with a single key (i.e., without hitting enter).
 	Currently this is used by the `--patch` mode of
@@ -1691,7 +1840,13 @@
 	specified, the full ref name (including prefix) will be printed.
 	This is the same as the log commands '--decorate' option.
 
-log.showroot::
+log.follow::
+	If `true`, `git log` will act as if the `--follow` option was used when
+	a single <path> is given.  This has the same limitations as `--follow`,
+	i.e. it cannot be used to follow multiple files and does not work well
+	on non-linear history.
+
+log.showRoot::
 	If true, the initial commit will be shown as a big creation event.
 	This is equivalent to a diff against an empty tree.
 	Tools like linkgit:git-log[1] or linkgit:git-whatchanged[1], which
@@ -1701,6 +1856,13 @@
 	If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
 	linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--use-mailmap`.
 
+mailinfo.scissors::
+	If true, makes linkgit:git-mailinfo[1] (and therefore
+	linkgit:git-am[1]) act by default as if the --scissors option
+	was provided on the command-line. When active, this features
+	removes everything from the message body before a scissors
+	line (i.e. consisting mainly of ">8", "8<" and "-").
+
 mailmap.file::
 	The location of an augmenting mailmap file. The default
 	mailmap, located in the root of the repository, is loaded
@@ -1755,6 +1917,15 @@
 	if the file has been updated, otherwise the user is prompted to
 	indicate the success of the merge.
 
+mergetool.meld.hasOutput::
+	Older versions of `meld` do not support the `--output` option.
+	Git will attempt to detect whether `meld` supports `--output`
+	by inspecting the output of `meld --help`.  Configuring
+	`mergetool.meld.hasOutput` will make Git skip these checks and
+	use the configured value instead.  Setting `mergetool.meld.hasOutput`
+	to `true` tells Git to unconditionally use the `--output` option,
+	and `false` avoids using `--output`.
+
 mergetool.keepBackup::
 	After performing a merge, the original file with conflict markers
 	can be saved as a file with a `.orig` extension.  If this variable
@@ -1768,9 +1939,27 @@
 	preserved, otherwise they will be removed after the tool has
 	exited. Defaults to `false`.
 
+mergetool.writeToTemp::
+	Git writes temporary 'BASE', 'LOCAL', and 'REMOTE' versions of
+	conflicting files in the worktree by default.  Git will attempt
+	to use a temporary directory for these files when set `true`.
+	Defaults to `false`.
+
 mergetool.prompt::
 	Prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution program.
 
+notes.mergeStrategy::
+	Which merge strategy to choose by default when resolving notes
+	conflicts.  Must be one of `manual`, `ours`, `theirs`, `union`, or
+	`cat_sort_uniq`.  Defaults to `manual`.  See "NOTES MERGE STRATEGIES"
+	section of linkgit:git-notes[1] for more information on each strategy.
+
+notes.<name>.mergeStrategy::
+	Which merge strategy to choose when doing a notes merge into
+	refs/notes/<name>.  This overrides the more general
+	"notes.mergeStrategy".  See the "NOTES MERGE STRATEGIES" section in
+	linkgit:git-notes[1] for more information on the available strategies.
+
 notes.displayRef::
 	The (fully qualified) refname from which to show notes when
 	showing commit messages.  The value of this variable can be set
@@ -1799,8 +1988,8 @@
 	When copying notes during a rewrite (see the
 	"notes.rewrite.<command>" option), determines what to do if
 	the target commit already has a note.  Must be one of
-	`overwrite`, `concatenate`, or `ignore`.  Defaults to
-	`concatenate`.
+	`overwrite`, `concatenate`, `cat_sort_uniq`, or `ignore`.
+	Defaults to `concatenate`.
 +
 This setting can be overridden with the `GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_MODE`
 environment variable.
@@ -1828,10 +2017,11 @@
 	maximum depth is given on the command line. Defaults to 50.
 
 pack.windowMemory::
-	The window memory size limit used by linkgit:git-pack-objects[1]
-	when no limit is given on the command line.  The value can be
-	suffixed with "k", "m", or "g".  Defaults to 0, meaning no
-	limit.
+	The maximum size of memory that is consumed by each thread
+	in linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] for pack window memory when
+	no limit is given on the command line.  The value can be
+	suffixed with "k", "m", or "g".  When left unconfigured (or
+	set explicitly to 0), there will be no limit.
 
 pack.compression::
 	An integer -1..9, indicating the compression level for objects
@@ -1905,7 +2095,7 @@
 	true. You should not generally need to turn this off unless
 	you are debugging pack bitmaps.
 
-pack.writebitmaps::
+pack.writeBitmaps (deprecated)::
 	This is a deprecated synonym for `repack.writeBitmaps`.
 
 pack.writeBitmapHashCache::
@@ -1946,7 +2136,7 @@
 	a case (equivalent to giving the `--no-ff` option from the command
 	line). When set to `only`, only such fast-forward merges are
 	allowed (equivalent to giving the `--ff-only` option from the
-	command line).
+	command line). This setting overrides `merge.ff` when pulling.
 
 pull.rebase::
 	When true, rebase branches on top of the fetched branch, instead
@@ -1954,9 +2144,9 @@
 	pull" is run. See "branch.<name>.rebase" for setting this on a
 	per-branch basis.
 +
-	When preserve, also pass `--preserve-merges` along to 'git rebase'
-	so that locally committed merge commits will not be flattened
-	by running 'git pull'.
+When preserve, also pass `--preserve-merges` along to 'git rebase'
+so that locally committed merge commits will not be flattened
+by running 'git pull'.
 +
 *NOTE*: this is a possibly dangerous operation; do *not* use
 it unless you understand the implications (see linkgit:git-rebase[1]
@@ -2024,14 +2214,28 @@
 
 --
 
+push.followTags::
+	If set to true enable '--follow-tags' option by default.  You
+	may override this configuration at time of push by specifying
+	'--no-follow-tags'.
+
+push.gpgSign::
+	May be set to a boolean value, or the string 'if-asked'. A true
+	value causes all pushes to be GPG signed, as if '--signed' is
+	passed to linkgit:git-push[1]. The string 'if-asked' causes
+	pushes to be signed if the server supports it, as if
+	'--signed=if-asked' is passed to 'git push'. A false value may
+	override a value from a lower-priority config file. An explicit
+	command-line flag always overrides this config option.
+
 rebase.stat::
 	Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
 	rebase. False by default.
 
-rebase.autosquash::
+rebase.autoSquash::
 	If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
 
-rebase.autostash::
+rebase.autoStash::
 	When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash
 	before the operation begins, and apply it after the operation
 	ends.  This means that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree.
@@ -2039,18 +2243,39 @@
 	successful rebase might result in non-trivial conflicts.
 	Defaults to false.
 
+rebase.missingCommitsCheck::
+	If set to "warn", git rebase -i will print a warning if some
+	commits are removed (e.g. a line was deleted), however the
+	rebase will still proceed. If set to "error", it will print
+	the previous warning and stop the rebase, 'git rebase
+	--edit-todo' can then be used to correct the error. If set to
+	"ignore", no checking is done.
+	To drop a commit without warning or error, use the `drop`
+	command in the todo-list.
+	Defaults to "ignore".
+
+rebase.instructionFormat
+	A format string, as specified in linkgit:git-log[1], to be used for
+	the instruction list during an interactive rebase.  The format will automatically
+	have the long commit hash prepended to the format.
+
+receive.advertiseAtomic::
+	By default, git-receive-pack will advertise the atomic push
+	capability to its clients. If you don't want to this capability
+	to be advertised, set this variable to false.
+
 receive.autogc::
 	By default, git-receive-pack will run "git-gc --auto" after
 	receiving data from git-push and updating refs.  You can stop
 	it by setting this variable to false.
 
-receive.certnonceseed::
+receive.certNonceSeed::
 	By setting this variable to a string, `git receive-pack`
 	will accept a `git push --signed` and verifies it by using
 	a "nonce" protected by HMAC using this string as a secret
 	key.
 
-receive.certnonceslop::
+receive.certNonceSlop::
 	When a `git push --signed` sent a push certificate with a
 	"nonce" that was issued by a receive-pack serving the same
 	repository within this many seconds, export the "nonce"
@@ -2070,6 +2295,28 @@
 	Defaults to false. If not set, the value of `transfer.fsckObjects`
 	is used instead.
 
+receive.fsck.<msg-id>::
+	When `receive.fsckObjects` is set to true, errors can be switched
+	to warnings and vice versa by configuring the `receive.fsck.<msg-id>`
+	setting where the `<msg-id>` is the fsck message ID and the value
+	is one of `error`, `warn` or `ignore`. For convenience, fsck prefixes
+	the error/warning with the message ID, e.g. "missingEmail: invalid
+	author/committer line - missing email" means that setting
+	`receive.fsck.missingEmail = ignore` will hide that issue.
++
+This feature is intended to support working with legacy repositories
+which would not pass pushing when `receive.fsckObjects = true`, allowing
+the host to accept repositories with certain known issues but still catch
+other issues.
+
+receive.fsck.skipList::
+	The path to a sorted list of object names (i.e. one SHA-1 per
+	line) that are known to be broken in a non-fatal way and should
+	be ignored. This feature is useful when an established project
+	should be accepted despite early commits containing errors that
+	can be safely ignored such as invalid committer email addresses.
+	Note: corrupt objects cannot be skipped with this setting.
+
 receive.unpackLimit::
 	If the number of objects received in a push is below this
 	limit then the objects will be unpacked into loose object
@@ -2096,6 +2343,17 @@
 	print a warning of such a push to stderr, but allow the push to
 	proceed. If set to false or "ignore", allow such pushes with no
 	message. Defaults to "refuse".
++
+Another option is "updateInstead" which will update the working
+tree if pushing into the current branch.  This option is
+intended for synchronizing working directories when one side is not easily
+accessible via interactive ssh (e.g. a live web site, hence the requirement
+that the working directory be clean). This mode also comes in handy when
+developing inside a VM to test and fix code on different Operating Systems.
++
+By default, "updateInstead" will refuse the push if the working tree or
+the index have any difference from the HEAD, but the `push-to-checkout`
+hook can be used to customize this.  See linkgit:githooks[5].
 
 receive.denyNonFastForwards::
 	If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update which is
@@ -2103,27 +2361,24 @@
 	even if that push is forced. This configuration variable is
 	set when initializing a shared repository.
 
-receive.hiderefs::
-	String(s) `receive-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
-	from its initial advertisement.  Use more than one
-	definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
-	are under the hierarchies listed on the value of this
-	variable is excluded, and is hidden when responding to `git
-	push`, and an attempt to update or delete a hidden ref by
-	`git push` is rejected.
+receive.hideRefs::
+	This variable is the same as `transfer.hideRefs`, but applies
+	only to `receive-pack` (and so affects pushes, but not fetches).
+	An attempt to update or delete a hidden ref by `git push` is
+	rejected.
 
-receive.updateserverinfo::
+receive.updateServerInfo::
 	If set to true, git-receive-pack will run git-update-server-info
 	after receiving data from git-push and updating refs.
 
-receive.shallowupdate::
+receive.shallowUpdate::
 	If set to true, .git/shallow can be updated when new refs
 	require new shallow roots. Otherwise those refs are rejected.
 
-remote.pushdefault::
+remote.pushDefault::
 	The remote to push to by default.  Overrides
 	`branch.<name>.remote` for all branches, and is overridden by
-	`branch.<name>.pushremote` for specific branches.
+	`branch.<name>.pushRemote` for specific branches.
 
 remote.<name>.url::
 	The URL of a remote repository.  See linkgit:git-fetch[1] or
@@ -2161,18 +2416,18 @@
 
 remote.<name>.receivepack::
 	The default program to execute on the remote side when pushing.  See
-	option \--receive-pack of linkgit:git-push[1].
+	option --receive-pack of linkgit:git-push[1].
 
 remote.<name>.uploadpack::
 	The default program to execute on the remote side when fetching.  See
-	option \--upload-pack of linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
+	option --upload-pack of linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
 
-remote.<name>.tagopt::
-	Setting this value to \--no-tags disables automatic tag following when
-	fetching from remote <name>. Setting it to \--tags will fetch every
+remote.<name>.tagOpt::
+	Setting this value to --no-tags disables automatic tag following when
+	fetching from remote <name>. Setting it to --tags will fetch every
 	tag from remote <name>, even if they are not reachable from remote
 	branch heads. Passing these flags directly to linkgit:git-fetch[1] can
-	override this setting. See options \--tags and \--no-tags of
+	override this setting. See options --tags and --no-tags of
 	linkgit:git-fetch[1].
 
 remote.<name>.vcs::
@@ -2189,7 +2444,7 @@
 	The list of remotes which are fetched by "git remote update
 	<group>".  See linkgit:git-remote[1].
 
-repack.usedeltabaseoffset::
+repack.useDeltaBaseOffset::
 	By default, linkgit:git-repack[1] creates packs that use
 	delta-base offset. If you need to share your repository with
 	Git older than version 1.4.4, either directly or via a dumb
@@ -2212,7 +2467,7 @@
 	space and extra time spent on the initial repack.  Defaults to
 	false.
 
-rerere.autoupdate::
+rerere.autoUpdate::
 	When set to true, `git-rerere` updates the index with the
 	resulting contents after it cleanly resolves conflicts using
 	previously recorded resolution.  Defaults to false.
@@ -2231,12 +2486,12 @@
 	values in the 'sendemail' section. The default identity is
 	the value of 'sendemail.identity'.
 
-sendemail.smtpencryption::
+sendemail.smtpEncryption::
 	See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description.  Note that this
 	setting is not subject to the 'identity' mechanism.
 
-sendemail.smtpssl::
-	Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpencryption = ssl'.
+sendemail.smtpssl (deprecated)::
+	Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpEncryption = ssl'.
 
 sendemail.smtpsslcertpath::
 	Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
@@ -2248,32 +2503,34 @@
 	identity is selected, through command-line or
 	'sendemail.identity'.
 
-sendemail.aliasesfile::
-sendemail.aliasfiletype::
+sendemail.aliasesFile::
+sendemail.aliasFileType::
 sendemail.annotate::
 sendemail.bcc::
 sendemail.cc::
-sendemail.cccmd::
-sendemail.chainreplyto::
+sendemail.ccCmd::
+sendemail.chainReplyTo::
 sendemail.confirm::
-sendemail.envelopesender::
+sendemail.envelopeSender::
 sendemail.from::
-sendemail.multiedit::
+sendemail.multiEdit::
 sendemail.signedoffbycc::
-sendemail.smtppass::
+sendemail.smtpPass::
 sendemail.suppresscc::
-sendemail.suppressfrom::
+sendemail.suppressFrom::
 sendemail.to::
-sendemail.smtpdomain::
-sendemail.smtpserver::
-sendemail.smtpserverport::
-sendemail.smtpserveroption::
-sendemail.smtpuser::
+sendemail.smtpDomain::
+sendemail.smtpServer::
+sendemail.smtpServerPort::
+sendemail.smtpServerOption::
+sendemail.smtpUser::
 sendemail.thread::
+sendemail.transferEncoding::
 sendemail.validate::
+sendemail.xmailer::
 	See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description.
 
-sendemail.signedoffcc::
+sendemail.signedoffcc (deprecated)::
 	Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.signedoffbycc'.
 
 showbranch.default::
@@ -2306,7 +2563,7 @@
 	files which are not currently tracked by Git. Directories which
 	contain only untracked files, are shown with the directory name
 	only. Showing untracked files means that Git needs to lstat() all
-	all the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
+	the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
 	systems. So, this variable controls how the commands displays
 	the untracked files. Possible values are:
 +
@@ -2320,7 +2577,7 @@
 This variable can be overridden with the -u|--untracked-files option
 of linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1].
 
-status.submodulesummary::
+status.submoduleSummary::
 	Defaults to false.
 	If this is set to a non zero number or true (identical to -1 or an
 	unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled and a
@@ -2338,12 +2595,16 @@
 
 submodule.<name>.path::
 submodule.<name>.url::
+	The path within this project and URL for a submodule. These
+	variables are initially populated by 'git submodule init'. See
+	linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for
+	details.
+
 submodule.<name>.update::
-	The path within this project, URL, and the updating strategy
-	for a submodule.  These variables are initially populated
-	by 'git submodule init'; edit them to override the
-	URL and other values found in the `.gitmodules` file.  See
-	linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
+	The default update procedure for a submodule. This variable
+	is populated by `git submodule init` from the
+	linkgit:gitmodules[5] file. See description of 'update'
+	command in linkgit:git-submodule[1].
 
 submodule.<name>.branch::
 	The remote branch name for a submodule, used by `git submodule
@@ -2391,10 +2652,19 @@
 	not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
 	Defaults to false.
 
-transfer.hiderefs::
-	This variable can be used to set both `receive.hiderefs`
-	and `uploadpack.hiderefs` at the same time to the same
-	values.  See entries for these other variables.
+transfer.hideRefs::
+	String(s) `receive-pack` and `upload-pack` use to decide which
+	refs to omit from their initial advertisements.  Use more than
+	one definition to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that is
+	under the hierarchies listed in the value of this variable is
+	excluded, and is hidden when responding to `git push` or `git
+	fetch`.  See `receive.hideRefs` and `uploadpack.hideRefs` for
+	program-specific versions of this config.
++
+You may also include a `!` in front of the ref name to negate the entry,
+explicitly exposing it, even if an earlier entry marked it as hidden.
+If you have multiple hideRefs values, later entries override earlier ones
+(and entries in more-specific config files override less-specific ones).
 
 transfer.unpackLimit::
 	When `fetch.unpackLimit` or `receive.unpackLimit` are
@@ -2408,22 +2678,25 @@
 	linkgit:git-upload-archive[1] for more details. Defaults to
 	`false`.
 
-uploadpack.hiderefs::
-	String(s) `upload-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
-	from its initial advertisement.  Use more than one
-	definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
-	are under the hierarchies listed on the value of this
-	variable is excluded, and is hidden from `git ls-remote`,
-	`git fetch`, etc.  An attempt to fetch a hidden ref by `git
-	fetch` will fail.  See also `uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant`.
+uploadpack.hideRefs::
+	This variable is the same as `transfer.hideRefs`, but applies
+	only to `upload-pack` (and so affects only fetches, not pushes).
+	An attempt to fetch a hidden ref by `git fetch` will fail.  See
+	also `uploadpack.allowTipSHA1InWant`.
 
-uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant::
-	When `uploadpack.hiderefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
+uploadpack.allowTipSHA1InWant::
+	When `uploadpack.hideRefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
 	to accept a fetch request that asks for an object at the tip
 	of a hidden ref (by default, such a request is rejected).
-	see also `uploadpack.hiderefs`.
+	see also `uploadpack.hideRefs`.
 
-uploadpack.keepalive::
+uploadpack.allowReachableSHA1InWant::
+	Allow `upload-pack` to accept a fetch request that asks for an
+	object that is reachable from any ref tip. However, note that
+	calculating object reachability is computationally expensive.
+	Defaults to `false`.
+
+uploadpack.keepAlive::
 	When `upload-pack` has started `pack-objects`, there may be a
 	quiet period while `pack-objects` prepares the pack. Normally
 	it would output progress information, but if `--quiet` was used
@@ -2431,7 +2704,7 @@
 	the pack data begins. Some clients and networks may consider
 	the server to be hung and give up. Setting this option instructs
 	`upload-pack` to send an empty keepalive packet every
-	`uploadpack.keepalive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
+	`uploadpack.keepAlive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
 	disables keepalive packets entirely. The default is 5 seconds.
 
 url.<base>.insteadOf::
@@ -2468,13 +2741,25 @@
 	Can be overridden by the 'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME' and 'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME'
 	environment variables.  See linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
 
-user.signingkey::
+user.signingKey::
 	If linkgit:git-tag[1] or linkgit:git-commit[1] is not selecting the
 	key you want it to automatically when creating a signed tag or
 	commit, you can override the default selection with this variable.
 	This option is passed unchanged to gpg's --local-user parameter,
 	so you may specify a key using any method that gpg supports.
 
+versionsort.prereleaseSuffix::
+	When version sort is used in linkgit:git-tag[1], prerelease
+	tags (e.g. "1.0-rc1") may appear after the main release
+	"1.0". By specifying the suffix "-rc" in this variable,
+	"1.0-rc1" will appear before "1.0".
++
+This variable can be specified multiple times, once per suffix. The
+order of suffixes in the config file determines the sorting order
+(e.g. if "-pre" appears before "-rc" in the config file then 1.0-preXX
+is sorted before 1.0-rcXX). The sorting order between different
+suffixes is undefined if they are in multiple config files.
+
 web.browser::
 	Specify a web browser that may be used by some commands.
 	Currently only linkgit:git-instaweb[1] and linkgit:git-help[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index b001779..6eaa452 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-diff.autorefreshindex::
+diff.autoRefreshIndex::
 	When using 'git diff' to compare with work tree
 	files, do not consider stat-only change as changed.
 	Instead, silently run `git update-index --refresh` to
@@ -75,11 +75,11 @@
 	commands such as 'git diff-files'. 'git checkout' also honors
 	this setting when reporting uncommitted changes. Setting it to
 	'all' disables the submodule summary normally shown by 'git commit'
-	and 'git status' when 'status.submodulesummary' is set unless it is
+	and 'git status' when 'status.submoduleSummary' is set unless it is
 	overridden by using the --ignore-submodules command-line option.
 	The 'git submodule' commands are not affected by this setting.
 
-diff.mnemonicprefix::
+diff.mnemonicPrefix::
 	If set, 'git diff' uses a prefix pair that is different from the
 	standard "a/" and "b/" depending on what is being compared.  When
 	this configuration is in effect, reverse diff output also swaps
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@
 diff.noprefix::
 	If set, 'git diff' does not show any source or destination prefix.
 
-diff.orderfile::
+diff.orderFile::
 	File indicating how to order files within a diff, using
 	one shell glob pattern per line.
 	Can be overridden by the '-O' option to linkgit:git-diff[1].
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@
 	conversion is used to generate a human-readable diff.  See
 	linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
 
-diff.<driver>.wordregex::
+diff.<driver>.wordRegex::
 	The regular expression that the diff driver should use to
 	split words in a line.  See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for
 	details.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 15c7e79..85b0890 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -66,7 +66,8 @@
 
 Status letters C and R are always followed by a score (denoting the
 percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or
-copy), and are the only ones to be so.
+copy).  Status letter M may be followed by a score (denoting the
+percentage of dissimilarity) for file rewrites.
 
 <sha1> is shown as all 0's if a file is new on the filesystem
 and it is out of sync with the index.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
index 843a20b..bcf54da 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@
 Any diff-generating command can take the `-c` or `--cc` option to
 produce a 'combined diff' when showing a merge. This is the default
 format when showing merges with linkgit:git-diff[1] or
-linkgit:git-show[1]. Note also that you can give the `-m' option to any
+linkgit:git-show[1]. Note also that you can give the `-m` option to any
 of these commands to force generation of diffs with individual parents
 of a merge.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 6cb083a..306b7e3 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -23,7 +23,9 @@
 -u::
 --patch::
 	Generate patch (see section on generating patches).
-	{git-diff? This is the default.}
+ifdef::git-diff[]
+	This is the default.
+endif::git-diff[]
 endif::git-format-patch[]
 
 -s::
@@ -41,8 +43,19 @@
 
 ifndef::git-format-patch[]
 --raw::
-	Generate the raw format.
-	{git-diff-core? This is the default.}
+ifndef::git-log[]
+	Generate the diff in raw format.
+ifdef::git-diff-core[]
+	This is the default.
+endif::git-diff-core[]
+endif::git-log[]
+ifdef::git-log[]
+	For each commit, show a summary of changes using the raw diff
+	format. See the "RAW OUTPUT FORMAT" section of
+	linkgit:git-diff[1]. This is different from showing the log
+	itself in raw format, which you can achieve with
+	`--format=raw`.
+endif::git-log[]
 endif::git-format-patch[]
 
 ifndef::git-format-patch[]
@@ -254,6 +267,9 @@
 A match that contains a newline is silently truncated(!) at the
 newline.
 +
+For example, `--word-diff-regex=.` will treat each character as a word
+and, correspondingly, show differences character by character.
++
 The regex can also be set via a diff driver or configuration option, see
 linkgit:gitattributes[1] or linkgit:git-config[1].  Giving it explicitly
 overrides any diff driver or configuration setting.  Diff drivers
@@ -278,6 +294,16 @@
 	initial indent of the line are considered whitespace errors.
 	Exits with non-zero status if problems are found. Not compatible
 	with --exit-code.
+
+--ws-error-highlight=<kind>::
+	Highlight whitespace errors on lines specified by <kind>
+	in the color specified by `color.diff.whitespace`.  <kind>
+	is a comma separated list of `old`, `new`, `context`.  When
+	this option is not given, only whitespace errors in `new`
+	lines are highlighted.  E.g. `--ws-error-highlight=new,old`
+	highlights whitespace errors on both deleted and added lines.
+	`all` can be used as a short-hand for `old,new,context`.
+
 endif::git-format-patch[]
 
 --full-index::
@@ -432,8 +458,8 @@
 -O<orderfile>::
 	Output the patch in the order specified in the
 	<orderfile>, which has one shell glob pattern per line.
-	This overrides the `diff.orderfile` configuration variable
-	(see linkgit:git-config[1]).  To cancel `diff.orderfile`,
+	This overrides the `diff.orderFile` configuration variable
+	(see linkgit:git-config[1]).  To cancel `diff.orderFile`,
 	use `-O/dev/null`.
 
 ifndef::git-format-patch[]
diff --git a/Documentation/everyday.txt b/Documentation/everyday.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index b2548ef..0000000
--- a/Documentation/everyday.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,413 +0,0 @@
-Everyday Git With 20 Commands Or So
-===================================
-
-<<Individual Developer (Standalone)>> commands are essential for
-anybody who makes a commit, even for somebody who works alone.
-
-If you work with other people, you will need commands listed in
-the <<Individual Developer (Participant)>> section as well.
-
-People who play the <<Integrator>> role need to learn some more
-commands in addition to the above.
-
-<<Repository Administration>> commands are for system
-administrators who are responsible for the care and feeding
-of Git repositories.
-
-
-Individual Developer (Standalone)[[Individual Developer (Standalone)]]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-A standalone individual developer does not exchange patches with
-other people, and works alone in a single repository, using the
-following commands.
-
-  * linkgit:git-init[1] to create a new repository.
-
-  * linkgit:git-show-branch[1] to see where you are.
-
-  * linkgit:git-log[1] to see what happened.
-
-  * linkgit:git-checkout[1] and linkgit:git-branch[1] to switch
-    branches.
-
-  * linkgit:git-add[1] to manage the index file.
-
-  * linkgit:git-diff[1] and linkgit:git-status[1] to see what
-    you are in the middle of doing.
-
-  * linkgit:git-commit[1] to advance the current branch.
-
-  * linkgit:git-reset[1] and linkgit:git-checkout[1] (with
-    pathname parameters) to undo changes.
-
-  * linkgit:git-merge[1] to merge between local branches.
-
-  * linkgit:git-rebase[1] to maintain topic branches.
-
-  * linkgit:git-tag[1] to mark known point.
-
-Examples
-~~~~~~~~
-
-Use a tarball as a starting point for a new repository.::
-+
-------------
-$ tar zxf frotz.tar.gz
-$ cd frotz
-$ git init
-$ git add . <1>
-$ git commit -m "import of frotz source tree."
-$ git tag v2.43 <2>
-------------
-+
-<1> add everything under the current directory.
-<2> make a lightweight, unannotated tag.
-
-Create a topic branch and develop.::
-+
-------------
-$ git checkout -b alsa-audio <1>
-$ edit/compile/test
-$ git checkout -- curses/ux_audio_oss.c <2>
-$ git add curses/ux_audio_alsa.c <3>
-$ edit/compile/test
-$ git diff HEAD <4>
-$ git commit -a -s <5>
-$ edit/compile/test
-$ git reset --soft HEAD^ <6>
-$ edit/compile/test
-$ git diff ORIG_HEAD <7>
-$ git commit -a -c ORIG_HEAD <8>
-$ git checkout master <9>
-$ git merge alsa-audio <10>
-$ git log --since='3 days ago' <11>
-$ git log v2.43.. curses/ <12>
-------------
-+
-<1> create a new topic branch.
-<2> revert your botched changes in `curses/ux_audio_oss.c`.
-<3> you need to tell Git if you added a new file; removal and
-modification will be caught if you do `git commit -a` later.
-<4> to see what changes you are committing.
-<5> commit everything as you have tested, with your sign-off.
-<6> take the last commit back, keeping what is in the working tree.
-<7> look at the changes since the premature commit we took back.
-<8> redo the commit undone in the previous step, using the message
-you originally wrote.
-<9> switch to the master branch.
-<10> merge a topic branch into your master branch.
-<11> review commit logs; other forms to limit output can be
-combined and include `--max-count=10` (show 10 commits),
-`--until=2005-12-10`, etc.
-<12> view only the changes that touch what's in `curses/`
-directory, since `v2.43` tag.
-
-
-Individual Developer (Participant)[[Individual Developer (Participant)]]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-A developer working as a participant in a group project needs to
-learn how to communicate with others, and uses these commands in
-addition to the ones needed by a standalone developer.
-
-  * linkgit:git-clone[1] from the upstream to prime your local
-    repository.
-
-  * linkgit:git-pull[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1] from "origin"
-    to keep up-to-date with the upstream.
-
-  * linkgit:git-push[1] to shared repository, if you adopt CVS
-    style shared repository workflow.
-
-  * linkgit:git-format-patch[1] to prepare e-mail submission, if
-    you adopt Linux kernel-style public forum workflow.
-
-Examples
-~~~~~~~~
-
-Clone the upstream and work on it.  Feed changes to upstream.::
-+
-------------
-$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../torvalds/linux-2.6 my2.6
-$ cd my2.6
-$ edit/compile/test; git commit -a -s <1>
-$ git format-patch origin <2>
-$ git pull <3>
-$ git log -p ORIG_HEAD.. arch/i386 include/asm-i386 <4>
-$ git pull git://git.kernel.org/pub/.../jgarzik/libata-dev.git ALL <5>
-$ git reset --hard ORIG_HEAD <6>
-$ git gc <7>
-$ git fetch --tags <8>
-------------
-+
-<1> repeat as needed.
-<2> extract patches from your branch for e-mail submission.
-<3> `git pull` fetches from `origin` by default and merges into the
-current branch.
-<4> immediately after pulling, look at the changes done upstream
-since last time we checked, only in the
-area we are interested in.
-<5> fetch from a specific branch from a specific repository and merge.
-<6> revert the pull.
-<7> garbage collect leftover objects from reverted pull.
-<8> from time to time, obtain official tags from the `origin`
-and store them under `.git/refs/tags/`.
-
-
-Push into another repository.::
-+
-------------
-satellite$ git clone mothership:frotz frotz <1>
-satellite$ cd frotz
-satellite$ git config --get-regexp '^(remote|branch)\.' <2>
-remote.origin.url mothership:frotz
-remote.origin.fetch refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
-branch.master.remote origin
-branch.master.merge refs/heads/master
-satellite$ git config remote.origin.push \
-           master:refs/remotes/satellite/master <3>
-satellite$ edit/compile/test/commit
-satellite$ git push origin <4>
-
-mothership$ cd frotz
-mothership$ git checkout master
-mothership$ git merge satellite/master <5>
-------------
-+
-<1> mothership machine has a frotz repository under your home
-directory; clone from it to start a repository on the satellite
-machine.
-<2> clone sets these configuration variables by default.
-It arranges `git pull` to fetch and store the branches of mothership
-machine to local `remotes/origin/*` remote-tracking branches.
-<3> arrange `git push` to push local `master` branch to
-`remotes/satellite/master` branch of the mothership machine.
-<4> push will stash our work away on `remotes/satellite/master`
-remote-tracking branch on the mothership machine.  You could use this
-as a back-up method.
-<5> on mothership machine, merge the work done on the satellite
-machine into the master branch.
-
-Branch off of a specific tag.::
-+
-------------
-$ git checkout -b private2.6.14 v2.6.14 <1>
-$ edit/compile/test; git commit -a
-$ git checkout master
-$ git format-patch -k -m --stdout v2.6.14..private2.6.14 |
-  git am -3 -k <2>
-------------
-+
-<1> create a private branch based on a well known (but somewhat behind)
-tag.
-<2> forward port all changes in `private2.6.14` branch to `master` branch
-without a formal "merging".
-
-
-Integrator[[Integrator]]
-------------------------
-
-A fairly central person acting as the integrator in a group
-project receives changes made by others, reviews and integrates
-them and publishes the result for others to use, using these
-commands in addition to the ones needed by participants.
-
-  * linkgit:git-am[1] to apply patches e-mailed in from your
-    contributors.
-
-  * linkgit:git-pull[1] to merge from your trusted lieutenants.
-
-  * linkgit:git-format-patch[1] to prepare and send suggested
-    alternative to contributors.
-
-  * linkgit:git-revert[1] to undo botched commits.
-
-  * linkgit:git-push[1] to publish the bleeding edge.
-
-
-Examples
-~~~~~~~~
-
-My typical Git day.::
-+
-------------
-$ git status <1>
-$ git show-branch <2>
-$ mailx <3>
-& s 2 3 4 5 ./+to-apply
-& s 7 8 ./+hold-linus
-& q
-$ git checkout -b topic/one master
-$ git am -3 -i -s -u ./+to-apply <4>
-$ compile/test
-$ git checkout -b hold/linus && git am -3 -i -s -u ./+hold-linus <5>
-$ git checkout topic/one && git rebase master <6>
-$ git checkout pu && git reset --hard next <7>
-$ git merge topic/one topic/two && git merge hold/linus <8>
-$ git checkout maint
-$ git cherry-pick master~4 <9>
-$ compile/test
-$ git tag -s -m "GIT 0.99.9x" v0.99.9x <10>
-$ git fetch ko && git show-branch master maint 'tags/ko-*' <11>
-$ git push ko <12>
-$ git push ko v0.99.9x <13>
-------------
-+
-<1> see what I was in the middle of doing, if any.
-<2> see what topic branches I have and think about how ready
-they are.
-<3> read mails, save ones that are applicable, and save others
-that are not quite ready.
-<4> apply them, interactively, with my sign-offs.
-<5> create topic branch as needed and apply, again with my
-sign-offs.
-<6> rebase internal topic branch that has not been merged to the
-master or exposed as a part of a stable branch.
-<7> restart `pu` every time from the next.
-<8> and bundle topic branches still cooking.
-<9> backport a critical fix.
-<10> create a signed tag.
-<11> make sure I did not accidentally rewind master beyond what I
-already pushed out.  `ko` shorthand points at the repository I have
-at kernel.org, and looks like this:
-+
-------------
-$ cat .git/remotes/ko
-URL: kernel.org:/pub/scm/git/git.git
-Pull: master:refs/tags/ko-master
-Pull: next:refs/tags/ko-next
-Pull: maint:refs/tags/ko-maint
-Push: master
-Push: next
-Push: +pu
-Push: maint
-------------
-+
-In the output from `git show-branch`, `master` should have
-everything `ko-master` has, and `next` should have
-everything `ko-next` has.
-
-<12> push out the bleeding edge.
-<13> push the tag out, too.
-
-
-Repository Administration[[Repository Administration]]
-------------------------------------------------------
-
-A repository administrator uses the following tools to set up
-and maintain access to the repository by developers.
-
-  * linkgit:git-daemon[1] to allow anonymous download from
-    repository.
-
-  * linkgit:git-shell[1] can be used as a 'restricted login shell'
-    for shared central repository users.
-
-link:howto/update-hook-example.html[update hook howto] has a good
-example of managing a shared central repository.
-
-
-Examples
-~~~~~~~~
-We assume the following in /etc/services::
-+
-------------
-$ grep 9418 /etc/services
-git		9418/tcp		# Git Version Control System
-------------
-
-Run git-daemon to serve /pub/scm from inetd.::
-+
-------------
-$ grep git /etc/inetd.conf
-git	stream	tcp	nowait	nobody \
-  /usr/bin/git-daemon git-daemon --inetd --export-all /pub/scm
-------------
-+
-The actual configuration line should be on one line.
-
-Run git-daemon to serve /pub/scm from xinetd.::
-+
-------------
-$ cat /etc/xinetd.d/git-daemon
-# default: off
-# description: The Git server offers access to Git repositories
-service git
-{
-        disable = no
-        type            = UNLISTED
-        port            = 9418
-        socket_type     = stream
-        wait            = no
-        user            = nobody
-        server          = /usr/bin/git-daemon
-        server_args     = --inetd --export-all --base-path=/pub/scm
-        log_on_failure  += USERID
-}
-------------
-+
-Check your xinetd(8) documentation and setup, this is from a Fedora system.
-Others might be different.
-
-Give push/pull only access to developers.::
-+
-------------
-$ grep git /etc/passwd <1>
-alice:x:1000:1000::/home/alice:/usr/bin/git-shell
-bob:x:1001:1001::/home/bob:/usr/bin/git-shell
-cindy:x:1002:1002::/home/cindy:/usr/bin/git-shell
-david:x:1003:1003::/home/david:/usr/bin/git-shell
-$ grep git /etc/shells <2>
-/usr/bin/git-shell
-------------
-+
-<1> log-in shell is set to /usr/bin/git-shell, which does not
-allow anything but `git push` and `git pull`.  The users should
-get an ssh access to the machine.
-<2> in many distributions /etc/shells needs to list what is used
-as the login shell.
-
-CVS-style shared repository.::
-+
-------------
-$ grep git /etc/group <1>
-git:x:9418:alice,bob,cindy,david
-$ cd /home/devo.git
-$ ls -l <2>
-  lrwxrwxrwx   1 david git    17 Dec  4 22:40 HEAD -> refs/heads/master
-  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 branches
-  -rw-rw-r--   1 david git    84 Dec  4 22:40 config
-  -rw-rw-r--   1 david git    58 Dec  4 22:40 description
-  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 hooks
-  -rw-rw-r--   1 david git 37504 Dec  4 22:40 index
-  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 info
-  drwxrwsr-x   4 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 objects
-  drwxrwsr-x   4 david git  4096 Nov  7 14:58 refs
-  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 remotes
-$ ls -l hooks/update <3>
-  -r-xr-xr-x   1 david git  3536 Dec  4 22:40 update
-$ cat info/allowed-users <4>
-refs/heads/master	alice\|cindy
-refs/heads/doc-update	bob
-refs/tags/v[0-9]*	david
-------------
-+
-<1> place the developers into the same git group.
-<2> and make the shared repository writable by the group.
-<3> use update-hook example by Carl from Documentation/howto/
-for branch policy control.
-<4> alice and cindy can push into master, only bob can push into doc-update.
-david is the release manager and is the only person who can
-create and push version tags.
-
-HTTP server to support dumb protocol transfer.::
-+
-------------
-dev$ git update-server-info <1>
-dev$ ftp user@isp.example.com <2>
-ftp> cp -r .git /home/user/myproject.git
-------------
-+
-<1> make sure your info/refs and objects/info/packs are up-to-date
-<2> upload to public HTTP server hosted by your ISP.
diff --git a/Documentation/everyday.txto b/Documentation/everyday.txto
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c5047d8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/everyday.txto
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+Everyday Git With 20 Commands Or So
+===================================
+
+This document has been moved to linkgit:giteveryday[1].
+
+Please let the owners of the referring site know so that they can update the
+link you clicked to get here.
+
+Thanks.
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index b09a783..45583d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@
 	By default, tags that point at objects that are downloaded
 	from the remote repository are fetched and stored locally.
 	This option disables this automatic tag following. The default
-	behavior for a remote may be specified with the remote.<name>.tagopt
+	behavior for a remote may be specified with the remote.<name>.tagOpt
 	setting. See linkgit:git-config[1].
 
 ifndef::git-pull[]
diff --git a/Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt b/Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c73cfa9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+merge.branchdesc::
+	In addition to branch names, populate the log message with
+	the branch description text associated with them.  Defaults
+	to false.
+
+merge.log::
+	In addition to branch names, populate the log message with at
+	most the specified number of one-line descriptions from the
+	actual commits that are being merged.  Defaults to false, and
+	true is a synonym for 20.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 9631526..fe5282f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
+'git add' [--verbose | -v] [--dry-run | -n] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
 	  [--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
 	  [--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
 	  [--] [<pathspec>...]
@@ -93,7 +93,8 @@
 initial command menu and directly jumps to the `patch` subcommand.
 See ``Interactive mode'' for details.
 
--e, \--edit::
+-e::
+--edit::
 	Open the diff vs. the index in an editor and let the user
 	edit it.  After the editor was closed, adjust the hunk headers
 	and apply the patch to the index.
@@ -173,7 +174,7 @@
 Configuration
 -------------
 
-The optional configuration variable `core.excludesfile` indicates a path to a
+The optional configuration variable `core.excludesFile` indicates a path to a
 file containing patterns of file names to exclude from git-add, similar to
 $GIT_DIR/info/exclude.  Patterns in the exclude file are used in addition to
 those in info/exclude.  See linkgit:gitignore[5].
@@ -317,7 +318,7 @@
 that was chosen, the index is updated with the selected hunks.
 +
 You can omit having to type return here, by setting the configuration
-variable `interactive.singlekey` to `true`.
+variable `interactive.singleKey` to `true`.
 
 diff::
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 9adce37..452c1fe 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--[no-]keep-cr] [--[no-]utf8]
-	 [--3way] [--interactive] [--committer-date-is-author-date]
+	 [--[no-]3way] [--interactive] [--committer-date-is-author-date]
 	 [--ignore-date] [--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace]
 	 [--whitespace=<option>] [-C<n>] [-p<n>] [--directory=<dir>]
 	 [--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--reject] [-q | --quiet]
@@ -52,11 +52,23 @@
 -c::
 --scissors::
 	Remove everything in body before a scissors line (see
-	linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+	linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]). Can be activated by default using
+	the `mailinfo.scissors` configuration variable.
 
 --no-scissors::
 	Ignore scissors lines (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
 
+-m::
+--message-id::
+	Pass the `-m` flag to 'git mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]),
+	so that the Message-ID header is added to the commit message.
+	The `am.messageid` configuration variable can be used to specify
+	the default behaviour.
+
+--no-message-id::
+	Do not add the Message-ID header to the commit message.
+	`no-message-id` is useful to override `am.messageid`.
+
 -q::
 --quiet::
 	Be quiet. Only print error messages.
@@ -78,12 +90,14 @@
 
 -3::
 --3way::
+--no-3way::
 	When the patch does not apply cleanly, fall back on
 	3-way merge if the patch records the identity of blobs
 	it is supposed to apply to and we have those blobs
-	available locally.
+	available locally. `--no-3way` can be used to override
+	am.threeWay configuration variable. For more information,
+	see am.threeWay in linkgit:git-config[1].
 
---ignore-date::
 --ignore-space-change::
 --ignore-whitespace::
 --whitespace=<option>::
@@ -127,7 +141,9 @@
 
 -S[<keyid>]::
 --gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
-	GPG-sign commits.
+	GPG-sign commits. The `keyid` argument is optional and
+	defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be
+	stuck to the option without a space.
 
 --continue::
 -r::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index f605327..d9ed6a1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
 	  [--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace ]
 	  [--whitespace=(nowarn|warn|fix|error|error-all)]
 	  [--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--directory=<root>]
-	  [--verbose] [<patch>...]
+	  [--verbose] [--unsafe-paths] [<patch>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -229,10 +229,20 @@
 can be applied to the file in the working tree `modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh` by
 running `git apply --directory=modules/git-gui`.
 
+--unsafe-paths::
+	By default, a patch that affects outside the working area
+	(either a Git controlled working tree, or the current working
+	directory when "git apply" is used as a replacement of GNU
+	patch) is rejected as a mistake (or a mischief).
++
+When `git apply` is used as a "better GNU patch", the user can pass
+the `--unsafe-paths` option to override this safety check.  This option
+has no effect when `--index` or `--cached` is in use.
+
 Configuration
 -------------
 
-apply.ignorewhitespace::
+apply.ignoreWhitespace::
 	Set to 'change' if you want changes in whitespace to be ignored by default.
 	Set to one of: no, none, never, false if you want changes in
 	whitespace to be significant.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
index afeb86c..c06efbd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@
 of people. And as there are often many people who depend (sometimes
 critically) on such software, regressions are a really big problem.
 
-One such software is the linux kernel. And if we look at the linux
+One such software is the Linux kernel. And if we look at the Linux
 kernel, we can see that a lot of time and effort is spent to fight
 regressions. The release cycle start with a 2 weeks long merge
 window. Then the first release candidate (rc) version is tagged. And
@@ -132,7 +132,7 @@
 time. But this is not the end of the fight yet, as of course it
 continues after the release.
 
-And then this is what Ingo Molnar (a well known linux kernel
+And then this is what Ingo Molnar (a well known Linux kernel
 developer) says about his use of git bisect:
 
 _____________
@@ -1321,7 +1321,7 @@
 _____________
 
 Acknowledgments
-----------------
+---------------
 
 Many thanks to Junio Hamano for his help in reviewing this paper, for
 reviewing the patches I sent to the Git mailing list, for discussing
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
index 4cb52a7..1b7a97b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
 
 NAME
 ----
-git-bisect - Find by binary search the change that introduced a bug
+git-bisect - Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug
 
 
 SYNOPSIS
@@ -16,7 +16,6 @@
 The command takes various subcommands, and different options depending
 on the subcommand:
 
- git bisect help
  git bisect start [--no-checkout] [<bad> [<good>...]] [--] [<paths>...]
  git bisect bad [<rev>]
  git bisect good [<rev>...]
@@ -26,64 +25,71 @@
  git bisect replay <logfile>
  git bisect log
  git bisect run <cmd>...
+ git bisect help
 
-This command uses 'git rev-list --bisect' to help drive the
-binary search process to find which change introduced a bug, given an
-old "good" commit object name and a later "bad" commit object name.
-
-Getting help
-~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-Use "git bisect" to get a short usage description, and "git bisect
-help" or "git bisect -h" to get a long usage description.
+This command uses a binary search algorithm to find which commit in
+your project's history introduced a bug. You use it by first telling
+it a "bad" commit that is known to contain the bug, and a "good"
+commit that is known to be before the bug was introduced. Then `git
+bisect` picks a commit between those two endpoints and asks you
+whether the selected commit is "good" or "bad". It continues narrowing
+down the range until it finds the exact commit that introduced the
+change.
 
 Basic bisect commands: start, bad, good
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-Using the Linux kernel tree as an example, basic use of the bisect
-command is as follows:
+As an example, suppose you are trying to find the commit that broke a
+feature that was known to work in version `v2.6.13-rc2` of your
+project. You start a bisect session as follows:
 
 ------------------------------------------------
 $ git bisect start
 $ git bisect bad                 # Current version is bad
-$ git bisect good v2.6.13-rc2    # v2.6.13-rc2 was the last version
-                                 # tested that was good
+$ git bisect good v2.6.13-rc2    # v2.6.13-rc2 is known to be good
 ------------------------------------------------
 
-When you have specified at least one bad and one good version, the
-command bisects the revision tree and outputs something similar to
-the following:
+Once you have specified at least one bad and one good commit, `git
+bisect` selects a commit in the middle of that range of history,
+checks it out, and outputs something similar to the following:
 
 ------------------------------------------------
-Bisecting: 675 revisions left to test after this
+Bisecting: 675 revisions left to test after this (roughly 10 steps)
 ------------------------------------------------
 
-The state in the middle of the set of revisions is then checked out.
-You would now compile that kernel and boot it. If the booted kernel
-works correctly, you would then issue the following command:
+You should now compile the checked-out version and test it. If that
+version works correctly, type
 
 ------------------------------------------------
-$ git bisect good			# this one is good
+$ git bisect good
 ------------------------------------------------
 
-The output of this command would be something similar to the following:
+If that version is broken, type
 
 ------------------------------------------------
-Bisecting: 337 revisions left to test after this
+$ git bisect bad
 ------------------------------------------------
 
-You keep repeating this process, compiling the tree, testing it, and
-depending on whether it is good or bad issuing the command "git bisect good"
-or "git bisect bad" to ask for the next bisection.
+Then `git bisect` will respond with something like
 
-Eventually there will be no more revisions left to bisect, and you
-will have been left with the first bad kernel revision in "refs/bisect/bad".
+------------------------------------------------
+Bisecting: 337 revisions left to test after this (roughly 9 steps)
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Keep repeating the process: compile the tree, test it, and depending
+on whether it is good or bad run `git bisect good` or `git bisect bad`
+to ask for the next commit that needs testing.
+
+Eventually there will be no more revisions left to inspect, and the
+command will print out a description of the first bad commit. The
+reference `refs/bisect/bad` will be left pointing at that commit.
+
 
 Bisect reset
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 After a bisect session, to clean up the bisection state and return to
-the original HEAD (i.e., to quit bisecting), issue the following command:
+the original HEAD, issue the following command:
 
 ------------------------------------------------
 $ git bisect reset
@@ -100,9 +106,10 @@
 $ git bisect reset <commit>
 ------------------------------------------------
 
-For example, `git bisect reset HEAD` will leave you on the current
-bisection commit and avoid switching commits at all, while `git bisect
-reset bisect/bad` will check out the first bad revision.
+For example, `git bisect reset bisect/bad` will check out the first
+bad revision, while `git bisect reset HEAD` will leave you on the
+current bisection commit and avoid switching commits at all.
+
 
 Bisect visualize
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -147,17 +154,17 @@
 Avoiding testing a commit
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-If, in the middle of a bisect session, you know that the next suggested
-revision is not a good one to test (e.g. the change the commit
-introduces is known not to work in your environment and you know it
-does not have anything to do with the bug you are chasing), you may
-want to find a nearby commit and try that instead.
+If, in the middle of a bisect session, you know that the suggested
+revision is not a good one to test (e.g. it fails to build and you
+know that the failure does not have anything to do with the bug you
+are chasing), you can manually select a nearby commit and test that
+one instead.
 
 For example:
 
 ------------
 $ git bisect good/bad			# previous round was good or bad.
-Bisecting: 337 revisions left to test after this
+Bisecting: 337 revisions left to test after this (roughly 9 steps)
 $ git bisect visualize			# oops, that is uninteresting.
 $ git reset --hard HEAD~3		# try 3 revisions before what
 					# was suggested
@@ -167,20 +174,21 @@
 the revision as good or bad in the usual manner.
 
 Bisect skip
-~~~~~~~~~~~~
+~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-Instead of choosing by yourself a nearby commit, you can ask Git
-to do it for you by issuing the command:
+Instead of choosing a nearby commit by yourself, you can ask Git to do
+it for you by issuing the command:
 
 ------------
 $ git bisect skip                 # Current version cannot be tested
 ------------
 
-But Git may eventually be unable to tell the first bad commit among
-a bad commit and one or more skipped commits.
+However, if you skip a commit adjacent to the one you are looking for,
+Git will be unable to tell exactly which of those commits was the
+first bad one.
 
-You can even skip a range of commits, instead of just one commit,
-using the "'<commit1>'..'<commit2>'" notation. For example:
+You can also skip a range of commits, instead of just one commit,
+using range notation. For example:
 
 ------------
 $ git bisect skip v2.5..v2.6
@@ -196,8 +204,8 @@
 $ git bisect skip v2.5 v2.5..v2.6
 ------------
 
-This tells the bisect process that the commits between `v2.5` included
-and `v2.6` included should be skipped.
+This tells the bisect process that the commits between `v2.5` and
+`v2.6` (inclusive) should be skipped.
 
 
 Cutting down bisection by giving more parameters to bisect start
@@ -231,23 +239,23 @@
 $ git bisect run my_script arguments
 ------------
 
-Note that the script (`my_script` in the above example) should
-exit with code 0 if the current source code is good, and exit with a
-code between 1 and 127 (inclusive), except 125, if the current
-source code is bad.
+Note that the script (`my_script` in the above example) should exit
+with code 0 if the current source code is good/old, and exit with a
+code between 1 and 127 (inclusive), except 125, if the current source
+code is bad/new.
 
 Any other exit code will abort the bisect process. It should be noted
-that a program that terminates via "exit(-1)" leaves $? = 255, (see the
-exit(3) manual page), as the value is chopped with "& 0377".
+that a program that terminates via `exit(-1)` leaves $? = 255, (see the
+exit(3) manual page), as the value is chopped with `& 0377`.
 
 The special exit code 125 should be used when the current source code
 cannot be tested. If the script exits with this code, the current
 revision will be skipped (see `git bisect skip` above). 125 was chosen
 as the highest sensible value to use for this purpose, because 126 and 127
 are used by POSIX shells to signal specific error status (127 is for
-command not found, 126 is for command found but not executable---these
+command not found, 126 is for command found but not executable--these
 details do not matter, as they are normal errors in the script, as far as
-"bisect run" is concerned).
+`bisect run` is concerned).
 
 You may often find that during a bisect session you want to have
 temporary modifications (e.g. s/#define DEBUG 0/#define DEBUG 1/ in a
@@ -260,7 +268,7 @@
 before compiling, run the real test, and afterwards decide if the
 revision (possibly with the needed patch) passed the test and then
 rewind the tree to the pristine state.  Finally the script should exit
-with the status of the real test to let the "git bisect run" command loop
+with the status of the real test to let the `git bisect run` command loop
 determine the eventual outcome of the bisect session.
 
 OPTIONS
@@ -307,12 +315,12 @@
 $ git bisect reset                   # quit the bisect session
 ------------
 +
-Here we use a "test.sh" custom script. In this script, if "make"
+Here we use a `test.sh` custom script. In this script, if `make`
 fails, we skip the current commit.
-"check_test_case.sh" should "exit 0" if the test case passes,
-and "exit 1" otherwise.
+`check_test_case.sh` should `exit 0` if the test case passes,
+and `exit 1` otherwise.
 +
-It is safer if both "test.sh" and "check_test_case.sh" are
+It is safer if both `test.sh` and `check_test_case.sh` are
 outside the repository to prevent interactions between the bisect,
 make and test processes and the scripts.
 
@@ -379,6 +387,11 @@
 has at least one parent whose reachable graph is fully traversable in the sense
 required by 'git pack objects'.
 
+Getting help
+~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Use `git bisect` to get a short usage description, and `git bisect
+help` or `git bisect -h` to get a long usage description.
 
 SEE ALSO
 --------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index 9f23a86..e6e947c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -76,6 +76,8 @@
 -e::
 --show-email::
 	Show the author email instead of author name (Default: off).
+	This can also be controlled via the `blame.showEmail` config
+	option.
 
 -w::
 	Ignore whitespace when comparing the parent's version and
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 311b336..bbbade4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@
 branch (specifically the `branch.<name>.remote` and `branch.<name>.merge`
 configuration entries) so that 'git pull' will appropriately merge from
 the remote-tracking branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
-`branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
+`branch.autoSetupMerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
 overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options, and
 changed later using `git branch --set-upstream-to`.
 
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@
 	`--track` or `--set-upstream`.
 
 -D::
-	Delete a branch irrespective of its merged status.
+	Shortcut for `--delete --force`.
 
 -l::
 --create-reflog::
@@ -95,13 +95,17 @@
 --force::
 	Reset <branchname> to <startpoint> if <branchname> exists
 	already. Without `-f` 'git branch' refuses to change an existing branch.
+	In combination with `-d` (or `--delete`), allow deleting the
+	branch irrespective of its merged status. In combination with
+	`-m` (or `--move`), allow renaming the branch even if the new
+	branch name already exists.
 
 -m::
 --move::
 	Move/rename a branch and the corresponding reflog.
 
 -M::
-	Move/rename a branch even if the new branch name already exists.
+	Shortcut for `--move --force`.
 
 --color[=<when>]::
 	Color branches to highlight current, local, and
@@ -166,14 +170,14 @@
 	upstream when the new branch is checked out.
 +
 This behavior is the default when the start point is a remote-tracking branch.
-Set the branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you
+Set the branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable to `false` if you
 want `git checkout` and `git branch` to always behave as if '--no-track'
 were given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
 start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
 
 --no-track::
 	Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
-	branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
+	branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.
 
 --set-upstream::
 	If specified branch does not exist yet or if `--force` has been
@@ -193,7 +197,9 @@
 
 --edit-description::
 	Open an editor and edit the text to explain what the branch is
-	for, to be used by various other commands (e.g. `request-pull`).
+	for, to be used by various other commands (e.g. `format-patch`,
+	`request-pull`, and `merge` (if enabled)). Multi-line explanations
+	may be used.
 
 --contains [<commit>]::
 	Only list branches which contain the specified commit (HEAD
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index f6a16f4..eb3d694 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git cat-file' (-t | -s | -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
-'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) < <list-of-objects>
+'git cat-file' (-t [--allow-unknown-type]| -s [--allow-unknown-type]| -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
+'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) [--follow-symlinks]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -69,6 +69,79 @@
 	not be combined with any other options or arguments.  See the
 	section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
 
+--batch-all-objects::
+	Instead of reading a list of objects on stdin, perform the
+	requested batch operation on all objects in the repository and
+	any alternate object stores (not just reachable objects).
+	Requires `--batch` or `--batch-check` be specified. Note that
+	the objects are visited in order sorted by their hashes.
+
+--buffer::
+	Normally batch output is flushed after each object is output, so
+	that a process can interactively read and write from
+	`cat-file`. With this option, the output uses normal stdio
+	buffering; this is much more efficient when invoking
+	`--batch-check` on a large number of objects.
+
+--allow-unknown-type::
+	Allow -s or -t to query broken/corrupt objects of unknown type.
+
+--follow-symlinks::
+	With --batch or --batch-check, follow symlinks inside the
+	repository when requesting objects with extended SHA-1
+	expressions of the form tree-ish:path-in-tree.  Instead of
+	providing output about the link itself, provide output about
+	the linked-to object.  If a symlink points outside the
+	tree-ish (e.g. a link to /foo or a root-level link to ../foo),
+	the portion of the link which is outside the tree will be
+	printed.
++
+This option does not (currently) work correctly when an object in the
+index is specified (e.g. `:link` instead of `HEAD:link`) rather than
+one in the tree.
++
+This option cannot (currently) be used unless `--batch` or
+`--batch-check` is used.
++
+For example, consider a git repository containing:
++
+--
+	f: a file containing "hello\n"
+	link: a symlink to f
+	dir/link: a symlink to ../f
+	plink: a symlink to ../f
+	alink: a symlink to /etc/passwd
+--
++
+For a regular file `f`, `echo HEAD:f | git cat-file --batch` would print
++
+--
+	ce013625030ba8dba906f756967f9e9ca394464a blob 6
+--
++
+And `echo HEAD:link | git cat-file --batch --follow-symlinks` would
+print the same thing, as would `HEAD:dir/link`, as they both point at
+`HEAD:f`.
++
+Without `--follow-symlinks`, these would print data about the symlink
+itself.  In the case of `HEAD:link`, you would see
++
+--
+	4d1ae35ba2c8ec712fa2a379db44ad639ca277bd blob 1
+--
++
+Both `plink` and `alink` point outside the tree, so they would
+respectively print:
++
+--
+	symlink 4
+	../f
+
+	symlink 11
+	/etc/passwd
+--
+
+
 OUTPUT
 ------
 If '-t' is specified, one of the <type>.
@@ -148,6 +221,47 @@
 <object> SP missing LF
 ------------
 
+If --follow-symlinks is used, and a symlink in the repository points
+outside the repository, then `cat-file` will ignore any custom format
+and print:
+
+------------
+symlink SP <size> LF
+<symlink> LF
+------------
+
+The symlink will either be absolute (beginning with a /), or relative
+to the tree root.  For instance, if dir/link points to ../../foo, then
+<symlink> will be ../foo.  <size> is the size of the symlink in bytes.
+
+If --follow-symlinks is used, the following error messages will be
+displayed:
+
+------------
+<object> SP missing LF
+------------
+is printed when the initial symlink requested does not exist.
+
+------------
+dangling SP <size> LF
+<object> LF
+------------
+is printed when the initial symlink exists, but something that
+it (transitive-of) points to does not.
+
+------------
+loop SP <size> LF
+<object> LF
+------------
+is printed for symlink loops (or any symlinks that
+require more than 40 link resolutions to resolve).
+
+------------
+notdir SP <size> LF
+<object> LF
+------------
+is printed when, during symlink resolution, a file is used as a
+directory name.
 
 CAVEATS
 -------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
index 00e2aa2..aa3b2bf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git check-attr' [-a | --all | attr...] [--] pathname...
-'git check-attr' --stdin [-z] [-a | --all | attr...] < <list-of-paths>
+'git check-attr' --stdin [-z] [-a | --all | attr...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -28,7 +28,8 @@
 	Consider `.gitattributes` in the index only, ignoring the working tree.
 
 --stdin::
-	Read file names from stdin instead of from the command-line.
+	Read pathnames from the standard input, one per line,
+	instead of from the command-line.
 
 -z::
 	The output format is modified to be machine-parseable.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
index ee2e091..e94367a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
@@ -10,16 +10,18 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git check-ignore' [options] pathname...
-'git check-ignore' [options] --stdin < <list-of-paths>
+'git check-ignore' [options] --stdin
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
 
 For each pathname given via the command-line or from a file via
-`--stdin`, show the pattern from .gitignore (or other input files to
-the exclude mechanism) that decides if the pathname is excluded or
-included.  Later patterns within a file take precedence over earlier
-ones.
+`--stdin`, check whether the file is excluded by .gitignore (or other
+input files to the exclude mechanism) and output the path if it is
+excluded.
+
+By default, tracked files are not shown at all since they are not
+subject to exclude rules; but see `--no-index'.
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
@@ -29,10 +31,12 @@
 
 -v, --verbose::
 	Also output details about the matching pattern (if any)
-	for each given pathname.
+	for each given pathname. For precedence rules within and
+	between exclude sources, see linkgit:gitignore[5].
 
 --stdin::
-	Read file names from stdin instead of from the command-line.
+	Read pathnames from the standard input, one per line,
+	instead of from the command-line.
 
 -z::
 	The output format is modified to be machine-parseable (see
@@ -69,7 +73,7 @@
 is the line number of the pattern within that source.  If the pattern
 contained a `!` prefix or `/` suffix, it will be preserved in the
 output.  <source> will be an absolute path when referring to the file
-configured by `core.excludesfile`, or relative to the repository root
+configured by `core.excludesFile`, or relative to the repository root
 when referring to `.git/info/exclude` or a per-directory exclude file.
 
 If `-z` is specified, the pathnames in the output are delimited by the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
index fc02959..91a3622 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@
 
 These rules make it easy for shell script based tools to parse
 reference names, pathname expansion by the shell when a reference name is used
-unquoted (by mistake), and also avoids ambiguities in certain
+unquoted (by mistake), and also avoid ambiguities in certain
 reference name expressions (see linkgit:gitrevisions[7]):
 
 . A double-dot `..` is often used as in `ref1..ref2`, and in some
@@ -94,8 +94,8 @@
 	Interpret <refname> as a reference name pattern for a refspec
 	(as used with remote repositories).  If this option is
 	enabled, <refname> is allowed to contain a single `*`
-	in place of a one full pathname component (e.g.,
-	`foo/*/bar` but not `foo/bar*`).
+	in the refspec (e.g., `foo/bar*/baz` or `foo/bar*baz/`
+	but not `foo/bar*/baz*`).
 
 --normalize::
 	Normalize 'refname' by removing any leading slash (`/`)
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 33ad2ad..e269fb1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
 
 NAME
 ----
-git-checkout - Checkout a branch or paths to the working tree
+git-checkout - Switch branches or restore working tree files
 
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
@@ -89,6 +89,10 @@
 	(i.e.  commit, tag or tree) to update the index for the given
 	paths before updating the working tree.
 +
+'git checkout' with <paths> or `--patch` is used to restore modified or
+deleted paths to their original contents from the index or replace paths
+with the contents from a named <tree-ish> (most often a commit-ish).
++
 The index may contain unmerged entries because of a previous failed merge.
 By default, if you try to check out such an entry from the index, the
 checkout operation will fail and nothing will be checked out.
@@ -116,6 +120,21 @@
 --theirs::
 	When checking out paths from the index, check out stage #2
 	('ours') or #3 ('theirs') for unmerged paths.
++
+Note that during `git rebase` and `git pull --rebase`, 'ours' and
+'theirs' may appear swapped; `--ours` gives the version from the
+branch the changes are rebased onto, while `--theirs` gives the
+version from the branch that holds your work that is being rebased.
++
+This is because `rebase` is used in a workflow that treats the
+history at the remote as the shared canonical one, and treats the
+work done on the branch you are rebasing as the third-party work to
+be integrated, and you are temporarily assuming the role of the
+keeper of the canonical history during the rebase.  As the keeper of
+the canonical history, you need to view the history from the remote
+as `ours` (i.e. "our shared canonical history"), while what you did
+on your side branch as `theirs` (i.e. "one contributor's work on top
+of it").
 
 -b <new_branch>::
 	Create a new branch named <new_branch> and start it at
@@ -144,7 +163,7 @@
 
 --no-track::
 	Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
-	branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
+	branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.
 
 -l::
 	Create the new branch's reflog; see linkgit:git-branch[1] for
@@ -210,7 +229,7 @@
 --conflict=<style>::
 	The same as --merge option above, but changes the way the
 	conflicting hunks are presented, overriding the
-	merge.conflictstyle configuration variable.  Possible values are
+	merge.conflictStyle configuration variable.  Possible values are
 	"merge" (default) and "diff3" (in addition to what is shown by
 	"merge" style, shows the original contents).
 
@@ -225,6 +244,12 @@
 edits from your current working tree. See the ``Interactive Mode''
 section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `--patch` mode.
 
+--ignore-other-worktrees::
+	`git checkout` refuses when the wanted ref is already checked
+	out by another worktree. This option makes it check the ref
+	out anyway. In other words, the ref can be held by more than one
+	worktree.
+
 <branch>::
 	Branch to checkout; if it refers to a branch (i.e., a name that,
 	when prepended with "refs/heads/", is a valid ref), then that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 1c03c79..77da29a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git cherry-pick' [--edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-x] [--ff]
-		  [-S[<key-id>]] <commit>...
+		  [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
 'git cherry-pick' --continue
 'git cherry-pick' --quit
 'git cherry-pick' --abort
@@ -101,9 +101,11 @@
 --signoff::
 	Add Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit message.
 
--S[<key-id>]::
---gpg-sign[=<key-id>]::
-	GPG-sign commits.
+-S[<keyid>]::
+--gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
+	GPG-sign commits. The `keyid` argument is optional and
+	defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be
+	stuck to the option without a space.
 
 --ff::
 	If the current HEAD is the same as the parent of the
@@ -131,7 +133,8 @@
 --keep-redundant-commits::
 	If a commit being cherry picked duplicates a commit already in the
 	current history, it will become empty.  By default these
-	redundant commits are ignored.  This option overrides that behavior and
+	redundant commits cause `cherry-pick` to stop so the user can
+	examine the commit. This option overrides that behavior and
 	creates an empty commit object.  Implies `--allow-empty`.
 
 --strategy=<strategy>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 8997922..641681f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -34,8 +34,12 @@
 -f::
 --force::
 	If the Git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
-	to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f, -n or
-	-i.
+	to false, 'git clean' will refuse to delete files or directories
+	unless given -f, -n or -i. Git will refuse to delete directories
+	with .git sub directory or file unless a second -f
+	is given. This affects also git submodules where the storage area
+	of the removed submodule under .git/modules/ is not removed until
+	-f is given twice.
 
 -i::
 --interactive::
@@ -98,7 +102,7 @@
 filter by pattern::
 
    This shows the files and directories to be deleted and issues an
-   "Input ignore patterns>>" prompt. You can input space-seperated
+   "Input ignore patterns>>" prompt. You can input space-separated
    patterns to exclude files and directories from deletion.
    E.g. "*.c *.h" will excludes files end with ".c" and ".h" from
    deletion. When you are satisfied with the filtered result, press
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 0363d00..f1f2a3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@
 'git clone' [--template=<template_directory>]
 	  [-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare] [--mirror]
 	  [-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
-	  [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
+	  [--dissociate] [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
 	  [--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
 	  [--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
 	  [<directory>]
@@ -98,7 +98,14 @@
 	require fewer objects to be copied from the repository
 	being cloned, reducing network and local storage costs.
 +
-*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option.
+*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option, and also the
+`--dissociate` option.
+
+--dissociate::
+	Borrow the objects from reference repositories specified
+	with the `--reference` options only to reduce network
+	transfer and stop borrowing from them after a clone is made
+	by making necessary local copies of borrowed objects.
 
 --quiet::
 -q::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index a469eab..48c33d7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git commit-tree' <tree> [(-p <parent>)...] < changelog
+'git commit-tree' <tree> [(-p <parent>)...]
 'git commit-tree' [(-p <parent>)...] [-S[<keyid>]] [(-m <message>)...]
 		  [(-F <file>)...] <tree>
 
@@ -56,10 +56,12 @@
 
 -S[<keyid>]::
 --gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
-	GPG-sign commit.
+	GPG-sign commits. The `keyid` argument is optional and
+	defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be
+	stuck to the option without a space.
 
 --no-gpg-sign::
-	Countermand `commit.gpgsign` configuration variable that is
+	Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
 	set to force each and every commit to be signed.
 
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 0bbc8f5..7f34a5b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
 	   [-F <file> | -m <msg>] [--reset-author] [--allow-empty]
 	   [--allow-empty-message] [--no-verify] [-e] [--author=<author>]
 	   [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--[no-]status]
-	   [-i | -o] [-S[<key-id>]] [--] [<file>...]
+	   [-i | -o] [-S[<keyid>]] [--] [<file>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@
 --reset-author::
 	When used with -C/-c/--amend options, or when committing after a
 	a conflicting cherry-pick, declare that the authorship of the
-	resulting commit now belongs of the committer. This also renews
+	resulting commit now belongs to the committer. This also renews
 	the author timestamp.
 
 --short::
@@ -180,8 +180,8 @@
 +
 --
 strip::
-	Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace, and
-	#commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
+	Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace,
+	commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
 whitespace::
 	Same as `strip` except #commentary is not removed.
 verbatim::
@@ -250,9 +250,10 @@
 
 -o::
 --only::
-	Make a commit only from the paths specified on the
+	Make a commit by taking the updated working tree contents
+	of the paths specified on the
 	command line, disregarding any contents that have been
-	staged so far. This is the default mode of operation of
+	staged for other paths. This is the default mode of operation of
 	'git commit' if any paths are given on the command line,
 	in which case this option can be omitted.
 	If this option is specified together with '--amend', then
@@ -281,8 +282,15 @@
 --verbose::
 	Show unified diff between the HEAD commit and what
 	would be committed at the bottom of the commit message
-	template.  Note that this diff output doesn't have its
-	lines prefixed with '#'.
+	template to help the user describe the commit by reminding
+	what changes the commit has.
+	Note that this diff output doesn't have its
+	lines prefixed with '#'. This diff will not be a part
+	of the commit message.
++
+If specified twice, show in addition the unified diff between
+what would be committed and the worktree files, i.e. the unstaged
+changes to tracked files.
 
 -q::
 --quiet::
@@ -306,10 +314,12 @@
 
 -S[<keyid>]::
 --gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
-	GPG-sign commit.
+	GPG-sign commits. The `keyid` argument is optional and
+	defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be
+	stuck to the option without a space.
 
 --no-gpg-sign::
-	Countermand `commit.gpgsign` configuration variable that is
+	Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
 	set to force each and every commit to be signed.
 
 \--::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 9dfa1a5..2608ca7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -14,13 +14,13 @@
 'git config' [<file-option>] [type] --replace-all name value [value_regex]
 'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get name [value_regex]
 'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-all name [value_regex]
-'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-regexp name_regex [value_regex]
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] [--name-only] --get-regexp name_regex [value_regex]
 'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-urlmatch name URL
 'git config' [<file-option>] --unset name [value_regex]
 'git config' [<file-option>] --unset-all name [value_regex]
 'git config' [<file-option>] --rename-section old_name new_name
 'git config' [<file-option>] --remove-section name
-'git config' [<file-option>] [-z|--null] -l | --list
+'git config' [<file-option>] [-z|--null] [--name-only] -l | --list
 'git config' [<file-option>] --get-color name [default]
 'git config' [<file-option>] --get-colorbool name [stdout-is-tty]
 'git config' [<file-option>] -e | --edit
@@ -159,7 +159,7 @@
 
 -l::
 --list::
-	List all variables set in config file.
+	List all variables set in config file, along with their values.
 
 --bool::
 	'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false"
@@ -190,6 +190,10 @@
 	output without getting confused e.g. by values that
 	contain line breaks.
 
+--name-only::
+	Output only the names of config variables for `--list` or
+	`--get-regexp`.
+
 --get-colorbool name [stdout-is-tty]::
 
 	Find the color setting for `name` (e.g. `color.diff`) and output
@@ -405,7 +409,7 @@
 % git config --bool --get-urlmatch http.sslverify https://weak.example.com
 false
 % git config --get-urlmatch http https://weak.example.com
-http.cookiefile /tmp/cookie.txt
+http.cookieFile /tmp/cookie.txt
 http.sslverify false
 ------------
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
index 8481cae..e3c8f27 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
@@ -29,12 +29,43 @@
 OPTIONS
 -------
 
---store=<path>::
+--file=<path>::
 
-	Use `<path>` to store credentials. The file will have its
+	Use `<path>` to lookup and store credentials. The file will have its
 	filesystem permissions set to prevent other users on the system
 	from reading it, but will not be encrypted or otherwise
-	protected. Defaults to `~/.git-credentials`.
+	protected. If not specified, credentials will be searched for from
+	`~/.git-credentials` and `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials`, and
+	credentials will be written to `~/.git-credentials` if it exists, or
+	`$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials` if it exists and the former does
+	not. See also <<FILES>>.
+
+[[FILES]]
+FILES
+-----
+
+If not set explicitly with '--file', there are two files where
+git-credential-store will search for credentials in order of precedence:
+
+~/.git-credentials::
+	User-specific credentials file.
+
+$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials::
+	Second user-specific credentials file. If '$XDG_CONFIG_HOME' is not set
+	or empty, `$HOME/.config/git/credentials` will be used. Any credentials
+	stored in this file will not be used if `~/.git-credentials` has a
+	matching credential as well. It is a good idea not to create this file
+	if you sometimes use older versions of Git that do not support it.
+
+For credential lookups, the files are read in the order given above, with the
+first matching credential found taking precedence over credentials found in
+files further down the list.
+
+Credential storage will by default write to the first existing file in the
+list. If none of these files exist, `~/.git-credentials` will be created and
+written to.
+
+When erasing credentials, matching credentials will be erased from all files.
 
 EXAMPLES
 --------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
index 260f39f..00a0679 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@
 * Multiple tags on the same revision are not imported.
 
 If you suspect that any of these issues may apply to the repository you
-want to imort, consider using cvs2git:
+want to import, consider using cvs2git:
 
 * cvs2git (part of cvs2svn), `http://subversion.apache.org/`
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
index 472f5cb..db4d7a9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@
 	authdb = /etc/cvsserver/passwd
 
 ------
-The format of these files is username followed by the crypted password,
+The format of these files is username followed by the encrypted password,
 for example:
 
 ------
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@
    [gitcvs]
         enabled=1
         # optional for debugging
-        logfile=/path/to/logfile
+	logFile=/path/to/logfile
 
 ------
 Note: you need to ensure each user that is going to invoke 'git-cvsserver' has
@@ -254,14 +254,14 @@
 its documentation if changing these variables, especially
 about `DBI->connect()`.
 
-gitcvs.dbname::
+gitcvs.dbName::
 	Database name. The exact meaning depends on the
 	selected database driver, for SQLite this is a filename.
 	Supports variable substitution (see below). May
 	not contain semicolons (`;`).
 	Default: '%Ggitcvs.%m.sqlite'
 
-gitcvs.dbdriver::
+gitcvs.dbDriver::
 	Used DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
 	for this here, but it might not work. cvsserver is tested
 	with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with
@@ -271,12 +271,12 @@
 	Default: 'SQLite'
 
 gitcvs.dbuser::
-	Database user. Only useful if setting `dbdriver`, since
+	Database user. Only useful if setting `dbDriver`, since
 	SQLite has no concept of database users. Supports variable
 	substitution (see below).
 
-gitcvs.dbpass::
-	Database password.  Only useful if setting `dbdriver`, since
+gitcvs.dbPass::
+	Database password.  Only useful if setting `dbDriver`, since
 	SQLite has no concept of database passwords.
 
 gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@
 
 Variable substitution
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
-In `dbdriver` and `dbuser` you can use the following variables:
+In `dbDriver` and `dbUser` you can use the following variables:
 
 %G::
 	Git directory name
@@ -413,16 +413,16 @@
 
 Alternatively, if `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` config is not enabled
 or the attributes do not allow automatic detection for a filename, then
-the server uses the `gitcvs.allbinary` config for the default setting.
-If `gitcvs.allbinary` is set, then file not otherwise
+the server uses the `gitcvs.allBinary` config for the default setting.
+If `gitcvs.allBinary` is set, then file not otherwise
 specified will default to '-kb' mode. Otherwise the '-k' mode
-is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allbinary` is set to "guess", then
+is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allBinary` is set to "guess", then
 the correct '-k' mode will be guessed based on the contents of
 the file.
 
 For best consistency with 'cvs', it is probably best to override the
 defaults by setting `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` to true,
-and `gitcvs.allbinary` to "guess".
+and `gitcvs.allBinary` to "guess".
 
 Dependencies
 ------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-describe.txt b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
index d20ca40..c8f28c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-describe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
@@ -3,13 +3,13 @@
 
 NAME
 ----
-git-describe - Show the most recent tag that is reachable from a commit
+git-describe - Describe a commit using the most recent tag reachable from it
 
 
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git describe' [--all] [--tags] [--contains] [--abbrev=<n>] <commit-ish>...
+'git describe' [--all] [--tags] [--contains] [--abbrev=<n>] [<commit-ish>...]
 'git describe' [--all] [--tags] [--contains] [--abbrev=<n>] --dirty[=<mark>]
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
 OPTIONS
 -------
 <commit-ish>...::
-	Commit-ish object names to describe.
+	Commit-ish object names to describe.  Defaults to HEAD if omitted.
 
 --dirty[=<mark>]::
 	Describe the working tree.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
index 11887e6..333cf6f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
@@ -91,6 +91,15 @@
 	the default diff tool will be read from the configured
 	`diff.guitool` variable instead of `diff.tool`.
 
+--[no-]trust-exit-code::
+	'git-difftool' invokes a diff tool individually on each file.
+	Errors reported by the diff tool are ignored by default.
+	Use `--trust-exit-code` to make 'git-difftool' exit when an
+	invoked diff tool returns a non-zero exit code.
++
+'git-difftool' will forward the exit code of the invoked tool when
+'--trust-exit-code' is used.
+
 See linkgit:git-diff[1] for the full list of supported options.
 
 CONFIG VARIABLES
@@ -116,6 +125,11 @@
 difftool.prompt::
 	Prompt before each invocation of the diff tool.
 
+difftool.trustExitCode::
+	Exit difftool if the invoked diff tool returns a non-zero exit status.
++
+See the `--trust-exit-code` option above for more details.
+
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:git-diff[1]::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index dbe9a46..ed57c68 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -67,17 +67,17 @@
 	have been completed, or to save the marks table across
 	incremental runs.  As <file> is only opened and truncated
 	at completion, the same path can also be safely given to
-	\--import-marks.
+	--import-marks.
 	The file will not be written if no new object has been
 	marked/exported.
 
 --import-marks=<file>::
 	Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
 	<file>.  The input file must exist, must be readable, and
-	must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
+	must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.
 +
 Any commits that have already been marked will not be exported again.
-If the backend uses a similar \--import-marks file, this allows for
+If the backend uses a similar --import-marks file, this allows for
 incremental bidirectional exporting of the repository by keeping the
 marks the same across runs.
 
@@ -209,6 +209,10 @@
 able to export the linux.git repository completely, as it contains
 a tag referencing a tree instead of a commit.
 
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-fast-import[1]
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index 377eeaa..66910aa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -42,19 +42,19 @@
 --quiet::
 	Disable all non-fatal output, making fast-import silent when it
 	is successful.  This option disables the output shown by
-	\--stats.
+	--stats.
 
 --stats::
 	Display some basic statistics about the objects fast-import has
 	created, the packfiles they were stored into, and the
 	memory used by fast-import during this run.  Showing this output
-	is currently the default, but can be disabled with \--quiet.
+	is currently the default, but can be disabled with --quiet.
 
 Options for Frontends
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 --cat-blob-fd=<fd>::
-	Write responses to `cat-blob` and `ls` queries to the
+	Write responses to `get-mark`, `cat-blob`, and `ls` queries to the
 	file descriptor <fd> instead of `stdout`.  Allows `progress`
 	output intended for the end-user to be separated from other
 	output.
@@ -81,12 +81,12 @@
 	have been completed, or to save the marks table across
 	incremental runs.  As <file> is only opened and truncated
 	at checkpoint (or completion) the same path can also be
-	safely given to \--import-marks.
+	safely given to --import-marks.
 
 --import-marks=<file>::
 	Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
 	<file>.  The input file must exist, must be readable, and
-	must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
+	must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.
 	Multiple options may be supplied to import more than one
 	set of marks.  If a mark is defined to different values,
 	the last file wins.
@@ -179,8 +179,8 @@
 prints a warning message.  fast-import will always attempt to update all
 branch refs, and does not stop on the first failure.
 
-Branch updates can be forced with \--force, but it's recommended that
-this only be used on an otherwise quiet repository.  Using \--force
+Branch updates can be forced with --force, but it's recommended that
+this only be used on an otherwise quiet repository.  Using --force
 is not necessary for an initial import into an empty repository.
 
 
@@ -231,11 +231,11 @@
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
 The following date formats are supported.  A frontend should select
 the format it will use for this import by passing the format name
-in the \--date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
+in the --date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
 
 `raw`::
 	This is the Git native format and is `<time> SP <offutc>`.
-	It is also fast-import's default format, if \--date-format was
+	It is also fast-import's default format, if --date-format was
 	not specified.
 +
 The time of the event is specified by `<time>` as the number of
@@ -350,6 +350,11 @@
 	unless the `done` feature was requested using the
 	`--done` command-line option or `feature done` command.
 
+`get-mark`::
+	Causes fast-import to print the SHA-1 corresponding to a mark
+	to the file descriptor set with `--cat-blob-fd`, or `stdout` if
+	unspecified.
+
 `cat-blob`::
 	Causes fast-import to print a blob in 'cat-file --batch'
 	format to the file descriptor set with `--cat-blob-fd` or
@@ -437,7 +442,7 @@
 of bytes, except `LT`, `GT` and `LF`.  `<name>` is typically UTF-8 encoded.
 
 The time of the change is specified by `<when>` using the date format
-that was selected by the \--date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
+that was selected by the --date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
 See ``Date Formats'' above for the set of supported formats, and
 their syntax.
 
@@ -507,10 +512,6 @@
 the first ancestor of the current commit, and the branch will start
 out with no files.  An unlimited number of `merge` commands per
 commit are permitted by fast-import, thereby establishing an n-way merge.
-However Git's other tools never create commits with more than 15
-additional ancestors (forming a 16-way merge).  For this reason
-it is suggested that frontends do not use more than 15 `merge`
-commands per commit; 16, if starting a new, empty branch.
 
 Here `<commit-ish>` is any of the commit specification expressions
 also accepted by `from` (see above).
@@ -604,7 +605,7 @@
 See `filemodify` above for a detailed description of `<path>`.
 
 `filecopy`
-^^^^^^^^^^^^
+^^^^^^^^^^
 Recursively copies an existing file or subdirectory to a different
 location within the branch.  The existing file or directory must
 exist.  If the destination exists it will be completely replaced
@@ -892,7 +893,7 @@
 ....
 
 Note that fast-import automatically switches packfiles when the current
-packfile reaches \--max-pack-size, or 4 GiB, whichever limit is
+packfile reaches --max-pack-size, or 4 GiB, whichever limit is
 smaller.  During an automatic packfile switch fast-import does not update
 the branch refs, tags or marks.
 
@@ -934,6 +935,25 @@
 inform the reader when the `checkpoint` has been completed and it
 can safely access the refs that fast-import updated.
 
+`get-mark`
+~~~~~~~~~~
+Causes fast-import to print the SHA-1 corresponding to a mark to
+stdout or to the file descriptor previously arranged with the
+`--cat-blob-fd` argument. The command otherwise has no impact on the
+current import; its purpose is to retrieve SHA-1s that later commits
+might want to refer to in their commit messages.
+
+....
+	'get-mark' SP ':' <idnum> LF
+....
+
+This command can be used anywhere in the stream that comments are
+accepted.  In particular, the `get-mark` command can be used in the
+middle of a commit but not in the middle of a `data` command.
+
+See ``Responses To Commands'' below for details about how to read
+this output safely.
+
 `cat-blob`
 ~~~~~~~~~~
 Causes fast-import to print a blob to a file descriptor previously
@@ -1004,7 +1024,8 @@
 ====
 
 The <dataref> represents the blob, tree, or commit object at <path>
-and can be used in later 'cat-blob', 'filemodify', or 'ls' commands.
+and can be used in later 'get-mark', 'cat-blob', 'filemodify', or
+'ls' commands.
 
 If there is no file or subtree at that path, 'git fast-import' will
 instead report
@@ -1046,9 +1067,11 @@
 	"feature import-marks-if-exists" like a corresponding
 	command-line option silently skips a nonexistent file.
 
+get-mark::
 cat-blob::
 ls::
-	Require that the backend support the 'cat-blob' or 'ls' command.
+	Require that the backend support the 'get-mark', 'cat-blob',
+	or 'ls' command respectively.
 	Versions of fast-import not supporting the specified command
 	will exit with a message indicating so.
 	This lets the import error out early with a clear message,
@@ -1128,11 +1151,11 @@
 	git fast-import >fast-import-output
 ====
 
-A frontend set up this way can use `progress`, `ls`, and `cat-blob`
-commands to read information from the import in progress.
+A frontend set up this way can use `progress`, `get-mark`, `ls`, and
+`cat-blob` commands to read information from the import in progress.
 
 To avoid deadlock, such frontends must completely consume any
-pending output from `progress`, `ls`, and `cat-blob` before
+pending output from `progress`, `ls`, `get-mark`, and `cat-blob` before
 performing writes to fast-import that might block.
 
 Crash Reports
@@ -1230,7 +1253,7 @@
 Use One Mark Per Commit
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 When doing a repository conversion, use a unique mark per commit
-(`mark :<n>`) and supply the \--export-marks option on the command
+(`mark :<n>`) and supply the --export-marks option on the command
 line.  fast-import will dump a file which lists every mark and the Git
 object SHA-1 that corresponds to it.  If the frontend can tie
 the marks back to the source repository, it is easy to verify the
@@ -1295,7 +1318,7 @@
 
 However repacking the repository is necessary to improve data
 locality and access performance.  It can also take hours on extremely
-large projects (especially if -f and a large \--window parameter is
+large projects (especially if -f and a large --window parameter is
 used).  Since repacking is safe to run alongside readers and writers,
 run the repack in the background and let it finish when it finishes.
 There is no reason to wait to explore your new Git project!
@@ -1309,7 +1332,7 @@
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 If you are repacking very old imported data (e.g. older than the
 last year), consider expending some extra CPU time and supplying
-\--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git repack'.
+--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git repack'.
 This will take longer, but will also produce a smaller packfile.
 You only need to expend the effort once, and everyone using your
 project will benefit from the smaller repository.
@@ -1411,7 +1434,7 @@
 fast-import automatically moves active branches to inactive status based on
 a simple least-recently-used algorithm.  The LRU chain is updated on
 each `commit` command.  The maximum number of active branches can be
-increased or decreased on the command line with \--active-branches=.
+increased or decreased on the command line with --active-branches=.
 
 per active tree
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -1441,6 +1464,10 @@
 import in progress, at the cost of some added running time and worse
 compression.
 
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-fast-export[1]
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index 93b5067..8680f45 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@
 	the things up in .bash_profile).
 
 --exec=<git-upload-pack>::
-	Same as \--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>.
+	Same as --upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>.
 
 --depth=<n>::
 	Limit fetching to ancestor-chains not longer than n.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
index 8deb614..efe56e0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@
 also fetched; the effect is to fetch tags that
 point at branches that you are interested in.  This default behavior
 can be changed by using the --tags or --no-tags options or by
-configuring remote.<name>.tagopt.  By using a refspec that fetches tags
+configuring remote.<name>.tagOpt.  By using a refspec that fetches tags
 explicitly, you can fetch tags that do not point into branches you
 are interested in as well.
 
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@
 * When `git fetch` is run without specifying what branches
   and/or tags to fetch on the command line, e.g. `git fetch origin`
   or `git fetch`, `remote.<repository>.fetch` values are used as
-  the refspecs---they specify which refs to fetch and which local refs
+  the refspecs--they specify which refs to fetch and which local refs
   to update.  The example above will fetch
   all branches that exist in the `origin` (i.e. any ref that matches
   the left-hand side of the value, `refs/heads/*`) and update the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index 09535f2..73fd9e8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -451,8 +451,8 @@
 
 * By default The BFG takes full advantage of multi-core machines,
   cleansing commit file-trees in parallel. git-filter-branch cleans
-  commits sequentially (ie in a single-threaded manner), though it
-  _is_ possible to write filters that include their own parallellism,
+  commits sequentially (i.e. in a single-threaded manner), though it
+  _is_ possible to write filters that include their own parallelism,
   in the scripts executed against each commit.
 
 * The http://rtyley.github.io/bfg-repo-cleaner/#examples[command options]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
index bb1232a..6526b17 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git fmt-merge-msg' [-m <message>] [--log[=<n>] | --no-log] <$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD
+'git fmt-merge-msg' [-m <message>] [--log[=<n>] | --no-log]
 'git fmt-merge-msg' [-m <message>] [--log[=<n>] | --no-log] -F <file>
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -51,22 +51,24 @@
 
 CONFIGURATION
 -------------
-
-merge.branchdesc::
-	In addition to branch names, populate the log message with
-	the branch description text associated with them.  Defaults
-	to false.
-
-merge.log::
-	In addition to branch names, populate the log message with at
-	most the specified number of one-line descriptions from the
-	actual commits that are being merged.  Defaults to false, and
-	true is a synonym for 20.
+include::fmt-merge-msg-config.txt[]
 
 merge.summary::
 	Synonym to `merge.log`; this is deprecated and will be removed in
 	the future.
 
+EXAMPLE
+-------
+
+--
+$ git fetch origin master
+$ git fmt-merge-msg --log <$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD
+--
+
+Print a log message describing a merge of the "master" branch from
+the "origin" remote.
+
+
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:git-merge[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index 4240875..7f8d9a5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -97,6 +97,12 @@
 	or "=" (in sync).  Has no effect if the ref does not have
 	tracking information associated with it.
 
+push::
+	The name of a local ref which represents the `@{push}` location
+	for the displayed ref. Respects `:short`, `:track`, and
+	`:trackshort` options as `upstream` does. Produces an empty
+	string if no `@{push}` ref is configured.
+
 HEAD::
 	'*' if HEAD matches current ref (the checked out branch), ' '
 	otherwise.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index c0fd470..4035649 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -170,7 +170,7 @@
 -v <n>::
 --reroll-count=<n>::
 	Mark the series as the <n>-th iteration of the topic. The
-	output filenames have `v<n>` pretended to them, and the
+	output filenames have `v<n>` prepended to them, and the
 	subject prefix ("PATCH" by default, but configurable via the
 	`--subject-prefix` option) has ` v<n>` appended to it.  E.g.
 	`--reroll-count=4` may produce `v4-0001-add-makefile.patch`
@@ -213,7 +213,7 @@
 
 --[no-]cover-letter::
 	In addition to the patches, generate a cover letter file
-	containing the shortlog and the overall diffstat.  You can
+	containing the branch description, shortlog and the overall diffstat.  You can
 	fill in a description in the file before sending it out.
 
 --notes[=<ref>]::
@@ -273,13 +273,13 @@
 ------------
 [format]
 	headers = "Organization: git-foo\n"
-	subjectprefix = CHANGE
+	subjectPrefix = CHANGE
 	suffix = .txt
 	numbered = auto
 	to = <email>
 	cc = <email>
 	attach [ = mime-boundary-string ]
-	signoff = true
+	signOff = true
 	coverletter = auto
 ------------
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
index 25c431d..84ee92e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@
 [verse]
 'git fsck' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache] [--no-reflogs]
 	 [--[no-]full] [--strict] [--verbose] [--lost-found]
-	 [--[no-]dangling] [--[no-]progress] [<object>*]
+	 [--[no-]dangling] [--[no-]progress] [--connectivity-only] [<object>*]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -60,6 +60,11 @@
 	object pools.  This is now default; you can turn it off
 	with --no-full.
 
+--connectivity-only::
+	Check only the connectivity of tags, commits and tree objects. By
+	avoiding to unpack blobs, this speeds up the operation, at the
+	expense of missing corrupt objects or other problematic issues.
+
 --strict::
 	Enable more strict checking, namely to catch a file mode
 	recorded with g+w bit set, which was created by older
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index 273c466..fa15104 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -54,17 +54,20 @@
 `git repack -d -l`.  Setting the value of `gc.auto` to 0
 disables automatic packing of loose objects.
 +
-If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autopacklimit`,
+If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autoPackLimit`,
 then existing packs (except those marked with a `.keep` file)
 are consolidated into a single pack by using the `-A` option of
-'git repack'. Setting `gc.autopacklimit` to 0 disables
+'git repack'. Setting `gc.autoPackLimit` to 0 disables
 automatic consolidation of packs.
 
 --prune=<date>::
 	Prune loose objects older than date (default is 2 weeks ago,
 	overridable by the config variable `gc.pruneExpire`).
-	--prune=all prunes loose objects regardless of their age.
-	--prune is on by default.
+	--prune=all prunes loose objects regardless of their age (do
+	not use --prune=all unless you know exactly what you are doing.
+	Unless the repository is quiescent, you will lose newly created
+	objects that haven't been anchored with the refs and end up
+	corrupting your repository).  --prune is on by default.
 
 --no-prune::
 	Do not prune any loose objects.
@@ -101,18 +104,18 @@
 ------------
 [gc "refs/remotes/*"]
 	reflogExpire = never
-	reflogexpireUnreachable = 3 days
+	reflogExpireUnreachable = 3 days
 ------------
 
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereResolved' indicates
 how long records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
 kept.  This defaults to 60 days.
 
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereunresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereUnresolved' indicates
 how long records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
 kept.  This defaults to 15 days.
 
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.packrefs' determines if
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.packRefs' determines if
 'git gc' runs 'git pack-refs'. This can be set to "notbare" to enable
 it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a boolean value.
 This defaults to true.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt b/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt
index 1e2a20d..ac44d85 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt
@@ -9,17 +9,19 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git get-tar-commit-id' < <tarfile>
+'git get-tar-commit-id'
 
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
-Acts as a filter, extracting the commit ID stored in archives created by
-'git archive'.  It reads only the first 1024 bytes of input, thus its
-runtime is not influenced by the size of <tarfile> very much.
+
+Read a tar archive created by 'git archive' from the standard input
+and extract the commit ID stored in it.  It reads only the first
+1024 bytes of input, thus its runtime is not influenced by the size
+of the tar archive very much.
 
 If no commit ID is found, 'git get-tar-commit-id' quietly exists with a
-return code of 1.  This can happen if <tarfile> had not been created
+return code of 1.  This can happen if the archive had not been created
 using 'git archive' or if the first parameter of 'git archive' had been
 a tree ID instead of a commit ID or tag.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index 31811f1..4a44d6d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -160,12 +160,15 @@
 	For better compatibility with 'git diff', `--name-only` is a
 	synonym for `--files-with-matches`.
 
--O [<pager>]::
---open-files-in-pager [<pager>]::
+-O[<pager>]::
+--open-files-in-pager[=<pager>]::
 	Open the matching files in the pager (not the output of 'grep').
 	If the pager happens to be "less" or "vi", and the user
 	specified only one pattern, the first file is positioned at
-	the first match automatically.
+	the first match automatically. The `pager` argument is
+	optional; if specified, it must be stuck to the option
+	without a space. If `pager` is unspecified, the default pager
+	will be used (see `core.pager` in linkgit:git-config[1]).
 
 -z::
 --null::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
index 02c1f12..814e744 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--path=<file>|--no-filters] [--stdin] [--] <file>...
-'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] --stdin-paths [--no-filters] < <list-of-paths>
+'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--path=<file>|--no-filters] [--stdin [--literally]] [--] <file>...
+'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] --stdin-paths [--no-filters]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -35,7 +35,8 @@
 	Read the object from standard input instead of from a file.
 
 --stdin-paths::
-	Read file names from stdin instead of from the command-line.
+	Read file names from the standard input, one per line, instead
+	of from the command-line.
 
 --path::
 	Hash object as it were located at the given path. The location of
@@ -51,7 +52,13 @@
 	Hash the contents as is, ignoring any input filter that would
 	have been chosen by the attributes mechanism, including the end-of-line
 	conversion. If the file is read from standard input then this
-	is always implied, unless the --path option is given.
+	is always implied, unless the `--path` option is given.
+
+--literally::
+	Allow `--stdin` to hash any garbage into a loose object which might not
+	otherwise pass standard object parsing or git-fsck checks. Useful for
+	stress-testing Git itself or reproducing characteristics of corrupt or
+	bogus objects encountered in the wild.
 
 GIT
 ---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
index d422ba4..9268fb6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
@@ -65,8 +65,8 @@
 
 EXAMPLES
 --------
-All of the following examples map 'http://$hostname/git/foo/bar.git'
-to '/var/www/git/foo/bar.git'.
+All of the following examples map `http://$hostname/git/foo/bar.git`
+to `/var/www/git/foo/bar.git`.
 
 Apache 2.x::
 	Ensure mod_cgi, mod_alias, and mod_env are enabled, set
@@ -255,6 +255,15 @@
 'git-http-backend' to bypass the check for the "git-daemon-export-ok"
 file in each repository before allowing export of that repository.
 
+The `GIT_HTTP_MAX_REQUEST_BUFFER` environment variable (or the
+`http.maxRequestBuffer` config variable) may be set to change the
+largest ref negotiation request that git will handle during a fetch; any
+fetch requiring a larger buffer will not succeed.  This value should not
+normally need to be changed, but may be helpful if you are fetching from
+a repository with an extremely large number of refs.  The value can be
+specified with a unit (e.g., `100M` for 100 megabytes). The default is
+10 megabytes.
+
 The backend process sets GIT_COMMITTER_NAME to '$REMOTE_USER' and
 GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL to '$\{REMOTE_USER}@http.$\{REMOTE_ADDR\}',
 ensuring that any reflogs created by 'git-receive-pack' contain some
diff --git a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
index 7d991d9..5d1e4c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git imap-send'
+'git imap-send' [-v] [-q] [--[no-]curl]
 
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -26,6 +26,28 @@
 git format-patch --signoff --stdout --attach origin | git imap-send
 
 
+OPTIONS
+-------
+
+-v::
+--verbose::
+	Be verbose.
+
+-q::
+--quiet::
+	Be quiet.
+
+--curl::
+	Use libcurl to communicate with the IMAP server, unless tunneling
+	into it.  Ignored if Git was built without the USE_CURL_FOR_IMAP_SEND
+	option set.
+
+--no-curl::
+	Talk to the IMAP server using git's own IMAP routines instead of
+	using libcurl.  Ignored if Git was built with the NO_OPENSSL option
+	set.
+
+
 CONFIGURATION
 -------------
 
@@ -75,7 +97,9 @@
 
 imap.authMethod::
 	Specify authenticate method for authentication with IMAP server.
-	Current supported method is 'CRAM-MD5' only. If this is not set
+	If Git was built with the NO_CURL option, or if your curl version is older
+	than 7.34.0, or if you're running git-imap-send with the `--no-curl`
+	option, the only supported method is 'CRAM-MD5'. If this is not set
 	then 'git imap-send' uses the basic IMAP plaintext LOGIN command.
 
 Examples
@@ -97,7 +121,7 @@
     host = imap://imap.example.com
     user = bob
     pass = p4ssw0rd
-..........................
+.........................
 
 Using direct mode with SSL:
 
@@ -109,7 +133,7 @@
     pass = p4ssw0rd
     port = 123
     sslverify = false
-..........................
+.........................
 
 
 EXAMPLE
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init.txt b/Documentation/git-init.txt
index 369f889..8174d27 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init.txt
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@
 
  - the contents of the `$GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR` environment variable;
 
- - the `init.templatedir` configuration variable; or
+ - the `init.templateDir` configuration variable; or
 
  - the default template directory: `/usr/share/git-core/templates`.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
index f3eef51..cc75b25 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@
 	httpd = apache2 -f
 	port = 4321
 	browser = konqueror
-	modulepath = /usr/lib/apache2/modules
+	modulePath = /usr/lib/apache2/modules
 
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0ecd497
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,314 @@
+git-interpret-trailers(1)
+=========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-interpret-trailers - help add structured information into commit messages
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'git interpret-trailers' [--trim-empty] [(--trailer <token>[(=|:)<value>])...] [<file>...]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Help adding 'trailers' lines, that look similar to RFC 822 e-mail
+headers, at the end of the otherwise free-form part of a commit
+message.
+
+This command reads some patches or commit messages from either the
+<file> arguments or the standard input if no <file> is specified. Then
+this command applies the arguments passed using the `--trailer`
+option, if any, to the commit message part of each input file. The
+result is emitted on the standard output.
+
+Some configuration variables control the way the `--trailer` arguments
+are applied to each commit message and the way any existing trailer in
+the commit message is changed. They also make it possible to
+automatically add some trailers.
+
+By default, a '<token>=<value>' or '<token>:<value>' argument given
+using `--trailer` will be appended after the existing trailers only if
+the last trailer has a different (<token>, <value>) pair (or if there
+is no existing trailer). The <token> and <value> parts will be trimmed
+to remove starting and trailing whitespace, and the resulting trimmed
+<token> and <value> will appear in the message like this:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+token: value
+------------------------------------------------
+
+This means that the trimmed <token> and <value> will be separated by
+`': '` (one colon followed by one space).
+
+By default the new trailer will appear at the end of all the existing
+trailers. If there is no existing trailer, the new trailer will appear
+after the commit message part of the output, and, if there is no line
+with only spaces at the end of the commit message part, one blank line
+will be added before the new trailer.
+
+Existing trailers are extracted from the input message by looking for
+a group of one or more lines that contain a colon (by default), where
+the group is preceded by one or more empty (or whitespace-only) lines.
+The group must either be at the end of the message or be the last
+non-whitespace lines before a line that starts with '---'. Such three
+minus signs start the patch part of the message.
+
+When reading trailers, there can be whitespaces before and after the
+token, the separator and the value. There can also be whitespaces
+inside the token and the value.
+
+Note that 'trailers' do not follow and are not intended to follow many
+rules for RFC 822 headers. For example they do not follow the line
+folding rules, the encoding rules and probably many other rules.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--trim-empty::
+	If the <value> part of any trailer contains only whitespace,
+	the whole trailer will be removed from the resulting message.
+	This applies to existing trailers as well as new trailers.
+
+--trailer <token>[(=|:)<value>]::
+	Specify a (<token>, <value>) pair that should be applied as a
+	trailer to the input messages. See the description of this
+	command.
+
+CONFIGURATION VARIABLES
+-----------------------
+
+trailer.separators::
+	This option tells which characters are recognized as trailer
+	separators. By default only ':' is recognized as a trailer
+	separator, except that '=' is always accepted on the command
+	line for compatibility with other git commands.
++
+The first character given by this option will be the default character
+used when another separator is not specified in the config for this
+trailer.
++
+For example, if the value for this option is "%=$", then only lines
+using the format '<token><sep><value>' with <sep> containing '%', '='
+or '$' and then spaces will be considered trailers. And '%' will be
+the default separator used, so by default trailers will appear like:
+'<token>% <value>' (one percent sign and one space will appear between
+the token and the value).
+
+trailer.where::
+	This option tells where a new trailer will be added.
++
+This can be `end`, which is the default, `start`, `after` or `before`.
++
+If it is `end`, then each new trailer will appear at the end of the
+existing trailers.
++
+If it is `start`, then each new trailer will appear at the start,
+instead of the end, of the existing trailers.
++
+If it is `after`, then each new trailer will appear just after the
+last trailer with the same <token>.
++
+If it is `before`, then each new trailer will appear just before the
+first trailer with the same <token>.
+
+trailer.ifexists::
+	This option makes it possible to choose what action will be
+	performed when there is already at least one trailer with the
+	same <token> in the message.
++
+The valid values for this option are: `addIfDifferentNeighbor` (this
+is the default), `addIfDifferent`, `add`, `overwrite` or `doNothing`.
++
+With `addIfDifferentNeighbor`, a new trailer will be added only if no
+trailer with the same (<token>, <value>) pair is above or below the line
+where the new trailer will be added.
++
+With `addIfDifferent`, a new trailer will be added only if no trailer
+with the same (<token>, <value>) pair is already in the message.
++
+With `add`, a new trailer will be added, even if some trailers with
+the same (<token>, <value>) pair are already in the message.
++
+With `replace`, an existing trailer with the same <token> will be
+deleted and the new trailer will be added. The deleted trailer will be
+the closest one (with the same <token>) to the place where the new one
+will be added.
++
+With `doNothing`, nothing will be done; that is no new trailer will be
+added if there is already one with the same <token> in the message.
+
+trailer.ifmissing::
+	This option makes it possible to choose what action will be
+	performed when there is not yet any trailer with the same
+	<token> in the message.
++
+The valid values for this option are: `add` (this is the default) and
+`doNothing`.
++
+With `add`, a new trailer will be added.
++
+With `doNothing`, nothing will be done.
+
+trailer.<token>.key::
+	This `key` will be used instead of <token> in the trailer. At
+	the end of this key, a separator can appear and then some
+	space characters. By default the only valid separator is ':',
+	but this can be changed using the `trailer.separators` config
+	variable.
++
+If there is a separator, then the key will be used instead of both the
+<token> and the default separator when adding the trailer.
+
+trailer.<token>.where::
+	This option takes the same values as the 'trailer.where'
+	configuration variable and it overrides what is specified by
+	that option for trailers with the specified <token>.
+
+trailer.<token>.ifexist::
+	This option takes the same values as the 'trailer.ifexist'
+	configuration variable and it overrides what is specified by
+	that option for trailers with the specified <token>.
+
+trailer.<token>.ifmissing::
+	This option takes the same values as the 'trailer.ifmissing'
+	configuration variable and it overrides what is specified by
+	that option for trailers with the specified <token>.
+
+trailer.<token>.command::
+	This option can be used to specify a shell command that will
+	be called to automatically add or modify a trailer with the
+	specified <token>.
++
+When this option is specified, the behavior is as if a special
+'<token>=<value>' argument were added at the beginning of the command
+line, where <value> is taken to be the standard output of the
+specified command with any leading and trailing whitespace trimmed
+off.
++
+If the command contains the `$ARG` string, this string will be
+replaced with the <value> part of an existing trailer with the same
+<token>, if any, before the command is launched.
++
+If some '<token>=<value>' arguments are also passed on the command
+line, when a 'trailer.<token>.command' is configured, the command will
+also be executed for each of these arguments. And the <value> part of
+these arguments, if any, will be used to replace the `$ARG` string in
+the command.
+
+EXAMPLES
+--------
+
+* Configure a 'sign' trailer with a 'Signed-off-by' key, and then
+  add two of these trailers to a message:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.sign.key "Signed-off-by"
+$ cat msg.txt
+subject
+
+message
+$ cat msg.txt | git interpret-trailers --trailer 'sign: Alice <alice@example.com>' --trailer 'sign: Bob <bob@example.com>'
+subject
+
+message
+
+Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
+Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
+------------
+
+* Extract the last commit as a patch, and add a 'Cc' and a
+  'Reviewed-by' trailer to it:
++
+------------
+$ git format-patch -1
+0001-foo.patch
+$ git interpret-trailers --trailer 'Cc: Alice <alice@example.com>' --trailer 'Reviewed-by: Bob <bob@example.com>' 0001-foo.patch >0001-bar.patch
+------------
+
+* Configure a 'sign' trailer with a command to automatically add a
+  'Signed-off-by: ' with the author information only if there is no
+  'Signed-off-by: ' already, and show how it works:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.sign.key "Signed-off-by: "
+$ git config trailer.sign.ifmissing add
+$ git config trailer.sign.ifexists doNothing
+$ git config trailer.sign.command 'echo "$(git config user.name) <$(git config user.email)>"'
+$ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
+> EOF
+
+Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
+$ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
+> Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
+> EOF
+
+Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
+------------
+
+* Configure a 'fix' trailer with a key that contains a '#' and no
+  space after this character, and show how it works:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.separators ":#"
+$ git config trailer.fix.key "Fix #"
+$ echo "subject" | git interpret-trailers --trailer fix=42
+subject
+
+Fix #42
+------------
+
+* Configure a 'see' trailer with a command to show the subject of a
+  commit that is related, and show how it works:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.see.key "See-also: "
+$ git config trailer.see.ifExists "replace"
+$ git config trailer.see.ifMissing "doNothing"
+$ git config trailer.see.command "git log -1 --oneline --format=\"%h (%s)\" --abbrev-commit --abbrev=14 \$ARG"
+$ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
+> subject
+> 
+> message
+> 
+> see: HEAD~2
+> EOF
+subject
+
+message
+
+See-also: fe3187489d69c4 (subject of related commit)
+------------
+
+* Configure a commit template with some trailers with empty values
+  (using sed to show and keep the trailing spaces at the end of the
+  trailers), then configure a commit-msg hook that uses
+  'git interpret-trailers' to remove trailers with empty values and
+  to add a 'git-version' trailer:
++
+------------
+$ sed -e 's/ Z$/ /' >commit_template.txt <<EOF
+> ***subject***
+> 
+> ***message***
+> 
+> Fixes: Z
+> Cc: Z
+> Reviewed-by: Z
+> Signed-off-by: Z
+> EOF
+$ git config commit.template commit_template.txt
+$ cat >.git/hooks/commit-msg <<EOF
+> #!/bin/sh
+> git interpret-trailers --trim-empty --trailer "git-version: \$(git describe)" "\$1" > "\$1.new"
+> mv "\$1.new" "\$1"
+> EOF
+$ chmod +x .git/hooks/commit-msg
+------------
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-commit[1], linkgit:git-format-patch[1], linkgit:git-config[1]
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 1f7bc67..03f9580 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -62,9 +62,9 @@
 	output by allowing them to allocate space in advance.
 
 -L <start>,<end>:<file>::
--L :<regex>:<file>::
+-L :<funcname>:<file>::
 	Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
-	(or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>.  You may
+	(or the function name regex <funcname>) within the <file>.  You may
 	not give any pathspec limiters.  This is currently limited to
 	a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
 	give zero or one positive revision arguments.
@@ -184,7 +184,13 @@
 	`--date` option.)  Defaults to "default", which means to write
 	dates like `Sat May 8 19:35:34 2010 -0500`.
 
-log.showroot::
+log.follow::
+	If `true`, `git log` will act as if the `--follow` option was used when
+	a single <path> is given.  This has the same limitations as `--follow`,
+	i.e. it cannot be used to follow multiple files and does not work well
+	on non-linear history.
+
+log.showRoot::
 	If `false`, `git log` and related commands will not treat the
 	initial commit as a big creation event.  Any root commits in
 	`git log -p` output would be shown without a diff attached.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
index 2e22915..d510c05 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git ls-remote' [--heads] [--tags]  [-u <exec> | --upload-pack <exec>]
+'git ls-remote' [--heads] [--tags]  [--upload-pack=<exec>]
 	      [--exit-code] <repository> [<refs>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -29,7 +29,6 @@
 	both, references stored in refs/heads and refs/tags are
 	displayed.
 
--u <exec>::
 --upload-pack=<exec>::
 	Specify the full path of 'git-upload-pack' on the remote
 	host. This allows listing references from repositories accessed via
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 164a3c6..0947084 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -66,6 +66,11 @@
 -n::
 	Disable all charset re-coding of the metadata.
 
+-m::
+--message-id::
+	Copy the Message-ID header at the end of the commit message.  This
+	is useful in order to associate commits with mailing list discussions.
+
 --scissors::
 	Remove everything in body before a scissors line.  A line that
 	mainly consists of scissors (either ">8" or "8<") and perforation
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
index d2fc12e..f856032 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
@@ -41,7 +41,8 @@
 conflict markers can be given with the `--marker-size` option.
 
 The exit value of this program is negative on error, and the number of
-conflicts otherwise. If the merge was clean, the exit value is 0.
+conflicts otherwise (truncated to 127 if there are more than that many
+conflicts). If the merge was clean, the exit value is 0.
 
 'git merge-file' is designed to be a minimal clone of RCS 'merge'; that is, it
 implements all of RCS 'merge''s functionality which is needed by
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index cf2c374..07f7295 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git merge' [-n] [--stat] [--no-commit] [--squash] [--[no-]edit]
-	[-s <strategy>] [-X <strategy-option>] [-S[<key-id>]]
+	[-s <strategy>] [-X <strategy-option>] [-S[<keyid>]]
 	[--[no-]rerere-autoupdate] [-m <msg>] [<commit>...]
 'git merge' <msg> HEAD <commit>...
 'git merge' --abort
@@ -67,7 +67,9 @@
 
 -S[<keyid>]::
 --gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
-	GPG-sign the resulting merge commit.
+	GPG-sign the resulting merge commit. The `keyid` argument is
+	optional and defaults to the committer identity; if specified,
+	it must be stuck to the option without a space.
 
 -m <msg>::
 	Set the commit message to be used for the merge commit (in
@@ -78,7 +80,7 @@
 +
 The 'git fmt-merge-msg' command can be
 used to give a good default for automated 'git merge'
-invocations.
+invocations. The automated message can include the branch description.
 
 --[no-]rerere-autoupdate::
 	Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the
@@ -104,6 +106,10 @@
 If no commit is given from the command line, merge the remote-tracking
 branches that the current branch is configured to use as its upstream.
 See also the configuration section of this manual page.
++
+When `FETCH_HEAD` (and no other commit) is specified, the branches
+recorded in the `.git/FETCH_HEAD` file by the previous invocation
+of `git fetch` for merging are merged to the current branch.
 
 
 PRE-MERGE CHECKS
@@ -232,7 +238,7 @@
 side wants to say it is hard and you'd prefer to go shopping, while the
 other side wants to claim it is easy.
 
-An alternative style can be used by setting the "merge.conflictstyle"
+An alternative style can be used by setting the "merge.conflictStyle"
 configuration variable to "diff3".  In "diff3" style, the above conflict
 may look like this:
 
@@ -329,7 +335,7 @@
 -------------
 include::merge-config.txt[]
 
-branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
+branch.<name>.mergeOptions::
 	Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
 	supported options are the same as those of 'git merge', but option
 	values containing whitespace characters are currently not supported.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
index 3ca158b..fa6a756 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git mktag' < signature_file
+'git mktag'
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -20,7 +20,8 @@
 
 Tag Format
 ----------
-A tag signature file has a very simple fixed format: four lines of
+A tag signature file, to be fed to this command's standard input,
+has a very simple fixed format: four lines of
 
   object <sha1>
   type <typename>
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index 310f0a5..8de3499 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -9,10 +9,10 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git notes' [list [<object>]]
-'git notes' add [-f] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' add [-f] [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
 'git notes' copy [-f] ( --stdin | <from-object> <to-object> )
-'git notes' append [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
-'git notes' edit [<object>]
+'git notes' append [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' edit [--allow-empty] [<object>]
 'git notes' show [<object>]
 'git notes' merge [-v | -q] [-s <strategy> ] <notes-ref>
 'git notes' merge --commit [-v | -q]
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@
 	any) into the current notes ref (called "local").
 +
 If conflicts arise and a strategy for automatically resolving
-conflicting notes (see the -s/--strategy option) is not given,
+conflicting notes (see the "NOTES MERGE STRATEGIES" section) is not given,
 the "manual" resolver is used. This resolver checks out the
 conflicting notes in a special worktree (`.git/NOTES_MERGE_WORKTREE`),
 and instructs the user to manually resolve the conflicts there.
@@ -155,10 +155,16 @@
 	Like '-C', but with '-c' the editor is invoked, so that
 	the user can further edit the note message.
 
+--allow-empty::
+	Allow an empty note object to be stored. The default behavior is
+	to automatically remove empty notes.
+
 --ref <ref>::
 	Manipulate the notes tree in <ref>.  This overrides
 	'GIT_NOTES_REF' and the "core.notesRef" configuration.  The ref
-	is taken to be in `refs/notes/` if it is not qualified.
+	specifies the full refname when it begins with `refs/notes/`; when it
+	begins with `notes/`, `refs/` and otherwise `refs/notes/` is prefixed
+	to form a full name of the ref.
 
 --ignore-missing::
 	Do not consider it an error to request removing notes from an
@@ -179,6 +185,7 @@
 	When merging notes, resolve notes conflicts using the given
 	strategy. The following strategies are recognized: "manual"
 	(default), "ours", "theirs", "union" and "cat_sort_uniq".
+	This option overrides the "notes.mergeStrategy" configuration setting.
 	See the "NOTES MERGE STRATEGIES" section below for more
 	information on each notes merge strategy.
 
@@ -243,6 +250,9 @@
 'git notes merge --commit', or abort the merge with
 'git notes merge --abort'.
 
+Users may select an automated merge strategy from among the following using
+either -s/--strategy option or configuring notes.mergeStrategy accordingly:
+
 "ours" automatically resolves conflicting notes in favor of the local
 version (i.e. the current notes ref).
 
@@ -287,7 +297,7 @@
 ------------
 $ cc *.c
 $ blob=$(git hash-object -w a.out)
-$ git notes --ref=built add -C "$blob" HEAD
+$ git notes --ref=built add --allow-empty -C "$blob" HEAD
 ------------
 
 (You cannot simply use `git notes --ref=built add -F a.out HEAD`
@@ -306,6 +316,20 @@
 	This setting can be overridden through the environment and
 	command line.
 
+notes.mergeStrategy::
+	Which merge strategy to choose by default when resolving notes
+	conflicts.  Must be one of `manual`, `ours`, `theirs`, `union`, or
+	`cat_sort_uniq`.  Defaults to `manual`.  See "NOTES MERGE STRATEGIES"
+	section above for more information on each strategy.
++
+This setting can be overridden by passing the `--strategy` option.
+
+notes.<name>.mergeStrategy::
+	Which merge strategy to choose when doing a notes merge into
+	refs/notes/<name>.  This overrides the more general
+	"notes.mergeStrategy".  See the "NOTES MERGE STRATEGIES" section above
+	for more information on each available strategy.
+
 notes.displayRef::
 	Which ref (or refs, if a glob or specified more than once), in
 	addition to the default set by `core.notesRef` or
@@ -327,7 +351,8 @@
 notes.rewriteMode::
 	When copying notes during a rewrite, what to do if the target
 	commit already has a note.  Must be one of `overwrite`,
-	`concatenate`, and `ignore`.  Defaults to `concatenate`.
+	`concatenate`, `cat_sort_uniq`, or `ignore`.  Defaults to
+	`concatenate`.
 +
 This setting can be overridden with the `GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_MODE`
 environment variable.
@@ -364,7 +389,7 @@
 'GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_MODE'::
 	When copying notes during a rewrite, what to do if the target
 	commit already has a note.
-	Must be one of `overwrite`, `concatenate`, and `ignore`.
+	Must be one of `overwrite`, `concatenate`, `cat_sort_uniq`, or `ignore`.
 	This overrides the `core.rewriteMode` setting.
 
 'GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF'::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-p4.txt b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
index 6ab5f94..b3e768e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-p4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
@@ -225,9 +225,20 @@
 	they can find the p4 branches in refs/heads.
 
 --max-changes <n>::
-	Limit the number of imported changes to 'n'.  Useful to
-	limit the amount of history when using the '@all' p4 revision
-	specifier.
+	Import at most 'n' changes, rather than the entire range of
+	changes included in the given revision specifier. A typical
+	usage would be use '@all' as the revision specifier, but then
+	to use '--max-changes 1000' to import only the last 1000
+	revisions rather than the entire revision history.
+
+--changes-block-size <n>::
+	The internal block size to use when converting a revision
+	specifier such as '@all' into a list of specific change
+	numbers. Instead of using a single call to 'p4 changes' to
+	find the full list of changes for the conversion, there are a
+	sequence of calls to 'p4 changes -m', each of which requests
+	one block of changes of the given size. The default block size
+	is 500, which should usually be suitable.
 
 --keep-path::
 	The mapping of file names from the p4 depot path to Git, by
@@ -241,6 +252,9 @@
 	Use a client spec to find the list of interesting files in p4.
 	See the "CLIENT SPEC" section below.
 
+-/ <path>::
+	Exclude selected depot paths when cloning or syncing.
+
 Clone options
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 These options can be used in an initial 'clone', along with the 'sync'
@@ -254,9 +268,6 @@
 --bare::
 	Perform a bare clone.  See linkgit:git-clone[1].
 
--/ <path>::
-	Exclude selected depot paths when cloning.
-
 Submit options
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
@@ -499,6 +510,10 @@
 	option '--use-client-spec'.  See the "CLIENT SPEC" section above.
 	This variable is a boolean, not the name of a p4 client.
 
+git-p4.keepEmptyCommits::
+	A changelist that contains only excluded files will be imported
+	as an empty commit if this boolean option is set to true.
+
 Submit variables
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 git-p4.detectRenames::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index d2d8f47..bbea529 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
 	[--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
 	[--local] [--incremental] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>]
 	[--revs [--unpacked | --all]] [--stdout | base-name]
-	[--keep-true-parents] < object-list
+	[--shallow] [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
 
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -190,6 +190,11 @@
 self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
 (see linkgit:git-index-pack[1]) to restore the self-contained property.
 
+--shallow::
+	Optimize a pack that will be provided to a client with a shallow
+	repository.  This option, combined with --thin, can result in a
+	smaller pack at the cost of speed.
+
 --delta-base-offset::
 	A packed archive can express the base object of a delta as
 	either a 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
index 31efc58..cf71fba 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
@@ -8,10 +8,12 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git patch-id' [--stable | --unstable] < <patch>
+'git patch-id' [--stable | --unstable]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
+Read a patch from the standard input and compute the patch ID for it.
+
 A "patch ID" is nothing but a sum of SHA-1 of the file diffs associated with a
 patch, with whitespace and line numbers ignored.  As such, it's "reasonably
 stable", but at the same time also reasonably unique, i.e., two patches that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt b/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
index 6738055..9fed59a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 git-prune-packed(1)
-=====================
+===================
 
 NAME
 ----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 200eb22..93c72a2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -74,9 +74,6 @@
 OPTIONS
 -------
 
-Options meant for 'git pull' itself and the underlying 'git merge'
-must be given before the options meant for 'git fetch'.
-
 -q::
 --quiet::
 	This is passed to both underlying git-fetch to squelch reporting of
@@ -111,13 +108,12 @@
 	was rebased since last fetched, the rebase uses that information
 	to avoid rebasing non-local changes.
 +
-When preserve, also rebase the current branch on top of the upstream
-branch, but pass `--preserve-merges` along to `git rebase` so that
-locally created merge commits will not be flattened.
+When set to preserve, rebase with the `--preserve-merges` option passed
+to `git rebase` so that locally created merge commits will not be flattened.
 +
 When false, merge the current branch into the upstream branch.
 +
-See `pull.rebase`, `branch.<name>.rebase` and `branch.autosetuprebase` in
+See `pull.rebase`, `branch.<name>.rebase` and `branch.autoSetupRebase` in
 linkgit:git-config[1] if you want to make `git pull` always use
 `--rebase` instead of merging.
 +
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index b17283a..85a4d7d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -9,9 +9,10 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [--atomic] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
 	   [--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [--prune] [-v | --verbose]
-	   [-u | --set-upstream] [--signed]
+	   [-u | --set-upstream]
+	   [--[no-]signed|--sign=(true|false|if-asked)]
 	   [--force-with-lease[=<refname>[:<expect>]]]
 	   [--no-verify] [<repository> [<refspec>...]]
 
@@ -61,7 +62,7 @@
 If `git push [<repository>]` without any `<refspec>` argument is set to
 update some ref at the destination with `<src>` with
 `remote.<repository>.push` configuration variable, `:<dst>` part can
-be omitted---such a push will update a ref that `<src>` normally updates
+be omitted--such a push will update a ref that `<src>` normally updates
 without any `<refspec>` on the command line.  Otherwise, missing
 `:<dst>` means to update the same ref as the `<src>`.
 +
@@ -128,13 +129,25 @@
 	Push all the refs that would be pushed without this option,
 	and also push annotated tags in `refs/tags` that are missing
 	from the remote but are pointing at commit-ish that are
-	reachable from the refs being pushed.
+	reachable from the refs being pushed.  This can also be specified
+	with configuration variable 'push.followTags'.  For more
+	information, see 'push.followTags' in linkgit:git-config[1].
 
---signed::
+--[no-]signed::
+--sign=(true|false|if-asked)::
 	GPG-sign the push request to update refs on the receiving
 	side, to allow it to be checked by the hooks and/or be
-	logged.  See linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for the details
-	on the receiving end.
+	logged.  If `false` or `--no-signed`, no signing will be
+	attempted.  If `true` or `--signed`, the push will fail if the
+	server does not support signed pushes.  If set to `if-asked`,
+	sign if and only if the server supports signed pushes.  The push
+	will also fail if the actual call to `gpg --sign` fails.  See
+	linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for the details on the receiving end.
+
+--[no-]atomic::
+	Use an atomic transaction on the remote side if available.
+	Either all refs are updated, or on error, no refs are updated.
+	If the server does not support atomic pushes the push will fail.
 
 --receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>::
 --exec=<git-receive-pack>::
@@ -149,9 +162,8 @@
 	Usually, "git push" refuses to update a remote ref that is
 	not an ancestor of the local ref used to overwrite it.
 +
-This option bypasses the check, but instead requires that the
-current value of the ref to be the expected value.  "git push"
-fails otherwise.
+This option overrides this restriction if the current value of the
+remote ref is the expected value.  "git push" fails otherwise.
 +
 Imagine that you have to rebase what you have already published.
 You will have to bypass the "must fast-forward" rule in order to
@@ -163,15 +175,14 @@
 This option allows you to say that you expect the history you are
 updating is what you rebased and want to replace. If the remote ref
 still points at the commit you specified, you can be sure that no
-other people did anything to the ref (it is like taking a "lease" on
-the ref without explicitly locking it, and you update the ref while
-making sure that your earlier "lease" is still valid).
+other people did anything to the ref. It is like taking a "lease" on
+the ref without explicitly locking it, and the remote ref is updated
+only if the "lease" is still valid.
 +
 `--force-with-lease` alone, without specifying the details, will protect
 all remote refs that are going to be updated by requiring their
 current value to be the same as the remote-tracking branch we have
-for them, unless specified with a `--force-with-lease=<refname>:<expect>`
-option that explicitly states what the expected value is.
+for them.
 +
 `--force-with-lease=<refname>`, without specifying the expected value, will
 protect the named ref (alone), if it is going to be updated, by
@@ -214,22 +225,8 @@
 `<refspec>...` section above for details.
 
 --repo=<repository>::
-	This option is only relevant if no <repository> argument is
-	passed in the invocation. In this case, 'git push' derives the
-	remote name from the current branch: If it tracks a remote
-	branch, then that remote repository is pushed to. Otherwise,
-	the name "origin" is used. For this latter case, this option
-	can be used to override the name "origin". In other words,
-	the difference between these two commands
-+
---------------------------
-git push public         #1
-git push --repo=public  #2
---------------------------
-+
-is that #1 always pushes to "public" whereas #2 pushes to "public"
-only if the current branch does not track a remote branch. This is
-useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
+	This option is equivalent to the <repository> argument. If both
+	are specified, the command-line argument takes precedence.
 
 -u::
 --set-upstream::
@@ -273,8 +270,8 @@
 
 --[no-]verify::
 	Toggle the pre-push hook (see linkgit:githooks[5]).  The
-	default is \--verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
-	push.  With \--no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
+	default is --verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
+	push.  With --no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
 
 
 include::urls-remotes.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
index a356196..d64388c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 git-quiltimport(1)
-================
+==================
 
 NAME
 ----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index 4138554..6cca8bb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -21,15 +21,17 @@
 it remains on the current branch.
 
 If <upstream> is not specified, the upstream configured in
-branch.<name>.remote and branch.<name>.merge options will be used; see
-linkgit:git-config[1] for details.  If you are currently not on any
-branch or if the current branch does not have a configured upstream,
-the rebase will abort.
+branch.<name>.remote and branch.<name>.merge options will be used (see
+linkgit:git-config[1] for details) and the `--fork-point` option is
+assumed.  If you are currently not on any branch or if the current
+branch does not have a configured upstream, the rebase will abort.
 
 All changes made by commits in the current branch but that are not
 in <upstream> are saved to a temporary area.  This is the same set
-of commits that would be shown by `git log <upstream>..HEAD` (or
-`git log HEAD`, if --root is specified).
+of commits that would be shown by `git log <upstream>..HEAD`; or by
+`git log 'fork_point'..HEAD`, if `--fork-point` is active (see the
+description on `--fork-point` below); or by `git log HEAD`, if the
+`--root` option is specified.
 
 The current branch is reset to <upstream>, or <newbase> if the
 --onto option was supplied.  This has the exact same effect as
@@ -78,7 +80,7 @@
 If the upstream branch already contains a change you have made (e.g.,
 because you mailed a patch which was applied upstream), then that commit
 will be skipped. For example, running `git rebase master` on the
-following history (in which A' and A introduce the same set of changes,
+following history (in which `A'` and `A` introduce the same set of changes,
 but have different committer information):
 
 ------------
@@ -205,12 +207,21 @@
 	Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
 	rebase. False by default.
 
-rebase.autosquash::
+rebase.autoSquash::
 	If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
 
-rebase.autostash::
+rebase.autoStash::
 	If set to true enable '--autostash' option by default.
 
+rebase.missingCommitsCheck::
+	If set to "warn", print warnings about removed commits in
+	interactive mode. If set to "error", print the warnings and
+	stop the rebase. If set to "ignore", no checking is
+	done. "ignore" by default.
+
+rebase.instructionFormat::
+	Custom commit list format to use during an '--interactive' rebase.
+
 OPTIONS
 -------
 --onto <newbase>::
@@ -283,7 +294,9 @@
 
 -S[<keyid>]::
 --gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
-	GPG-sign commits.
+	GPG-sign commits. The `keyid` argument is optional and
+	defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be
+	stuck to the option without a space.
 
 -q::
 --quiet::
@@ -327,13 +340,18 @@
 
 --fork-point::
 --no-fork-point::
-	Use 'git merge-base --fork-point' to find a better common ancestor
-	between `upstream` and `branch` when calculating which commits have
-	have been introduced by `branch` (see linkgit:git-merge-base[1]).
+	Use reflog to find a better common ancestor between <upstream>
+	and <branch> when calculating which commits have been
+	introduced by <branch>.
 +
-If no non-option arguments are given on the command line, then the default is
-`--fork-point @{u}` otherwise the `upstream` argument is interpreted literally
-unless the `--fork-point` option is specified.
+When --fork-point is active, 'fork_point' will be used instead of
+<upstream> to calculate the set of commits to rebase, where
+'fork_point' is the result of `git merge-base --fork-point <upstream>
+<branch>` command (see linkgit:git-merge-base[1]).  If 'fork_point'
+ends up being empty, the <upstream> will be used as a fallback.
++
+If either <upstream> or --root is given on the command line, then the
+default is `--no-fork-point`, otherwise the default is `--fork-point`.
 
 --ignore-whitespace::
 --whitespace=<option>::
@@ -352,10 +370,16 @@
 	Make a list of the commits which are about to be rebased.  Let the
 	user edit that list before rebasing.  This mode can also be used to
 	split commits (see SPLITTING COMMITS below).
++
+The commit list format can be changed by setting the configuration option
+rebase.instructionFormat.  A customized instruction format will automatically
+have the long commit hash prepended to the format.
 
 -p::
 --preserve-merges::
-	Instead of ignoring merges, try to recreate them.
+	Recreate merge commits instead of flattening the history by replaying
+	commits a merge commit introduces. Merge conflict resolutions or manual
+	amendments to merge commits are not preserved.
 +
 This uses the `--interactive` machinery internally, but combining it
 with the `--interactive` option explicitly is generally not a good
@@ -407,10 +431,11 @@
 This option is only valid when the '--interactive' option is used.
 +
 If the '--autosquash' option is enabled by default using the
-configuration variable `rebase.autosquash`, this option can be
+configuration variable `rebase.autoSquash`, this option can be
 used to override and disable this setting.
 
---[no-]autostash::
+--autostash::
+--no-autostash::
 	Automatically create a temporary stash before the operation
 	begins, and apply it after the operation ends.  This means
 	that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree.  However, use
@@ -505,6 +530,9 @@
 If you just want to edit the commit message for a commit, replace the
 command "pick" with the command "reword".
 
+To drop a commit, replace the command "pick" with "drop", or just
+delete the matching line.
+
 If you want to fold two or more commits into one, replace the command
 "pick" for the second and subsequent commits with "squash" or "fixup".
 If the commits had different authors, the folded commit will be
diff --git a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
index 9016960..000ee8d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@
 	starting time is different by this many seconds from the
 	current session.  Only meaningful when
 	`GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_STATUS` says `SLOP`.
-	Also read about `receive.certnonceslop` variable in
+	Also read about `receive.certNonceSlop` variable in
 	linkgit:git-config[1].
 
 This hook is called before any refname is updated and before any
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
index 70791b9..44c736f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
@@ -17,85 +17,117 @@
 depending on the subcommand:
 
 [verse]
-'git reflog expire' [--dry-run] [--stale-fix] [--verbose]
-	[--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>] [--all] <refs>...
-'git reflog delete' ref@\{specifier\}...
 'git reflog' ['show'] [log-options] [<ref>]
+'git reflog expire' [--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>]
+	[--rewrite] [--updateref] [--stale-fix]
+	[--dry-run] [--verbose] [--all | <refs>...]
+'git reflog delete' [--rewrite] [--updateref]
+	[--dry-run] [--verbose] ref@\{specifier\}...
+'git reflog exists' <ref>
 
-Reflog is a mechanism to record when the tip of branches are
-updated.  This command is to manage the information recorded in it.
+Reference logs, or "reflogs", record when the tips of branches and
+other references were updated in the local repository. Reflogs are
+useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value of a
+reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be two
+moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to point
+to one week ago in this local repository", and so on. See
+linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for more details.
 
-The subcommand "expire" is used to prune older reflog entries.
-Entries older than `expire` time, or entries older than
-`expire-unreachable` time and not reachable from the current
-tip, are removed from the reflog.  This is typically not used
-directly by the end users -- instead, see linkgit:git-gc[1].
+This command manages the information recorded in the reflogs.
 
-The subcommand "show" (which is also the default, in the absence of any
-subcommands) will take all the normal log options, and show the log of
-the reference provided in the command-line (or `HEAD`, by default).
-The reflog will cover all recent actions (HEAD reflog records branch switching
-as well).  It is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit --pretty=oneline`;
-see linkgit:git-log[1].
+The "show" subcommand (which is also the default, in the absence of
+any subcommands) shows the log of the reference provided in the
+command-line (or `HEAD`, by default). The reflog covers all recent
+actions, and in addition the `HEAD` reflog records branch switching.
+`git reflog show` is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit
+--pretty=oneline`; see linkgit:git-log[1] for more information.
 
-The reflog is useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value
-of a reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be
-two moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to
-point to one week ago", and so on. See linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for
-more details.
+The "expire" subcommand prunes older reflog entries. Entries older
+than `expire` time, or entries older than `expire-unreachable` time
+and not reachable from the current tip, are removed from the reflog.
+This is typically not used directly by end users -- instead, see
+linkgit:git-gc[1].
 
-To delete single entries from the reflog, use the subcommand "delete"
-and specify the _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete master@{2}`").
+The "delete" subcommand deletes single entries from the reflog. Its
+argument must be an _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete
+master@{2}`"). This subcommand is also typically not used directly by
+end users.
 
+The "exists" subcommand checks whether a ref has a reflog.  It exits
+with zero status if the reflog exists, and non-zero status if it does
+not.
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
 
---stale-fix::
-	This revamps the logic -- the definition of "broken commit"
-	becomes: a commit that is not reachable from any of the refs and
-	there is a missing object among the commit, tree, or blob
-	objects reachable from it that is not reachable from any of the
-	refs.
-+
-This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
-has the same cost as 'git prune'.  Fortunately, once this is run, we
-should not have to ever worry about missing objects, because the current
-prune and pack-objects know about reflogs and protect objects referred by
-them.
+Options for `show`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
---expire=<time>::
-	Entries older than this time are pruned.  Without the
-	option it is taken from configuration `gc.reflogExpire`,
-	which in turn defaults to 90 days.  --expire=all prunes
-	entries regardless of their age; --expire=never turns off
-	pruning of reachable entries (but see --expire-unreachable).
+`git reflog show` accepts any of the options accepted by `git log`.
 
---expire-unreachable=<time>::
-	Entries older than this time and not reachable from
-	the current tip of the branch are pruned.  Without the
-	option it is taken from configuration
-	`gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults to
-	30 days.  --expire-unreachable=all prunes unreachable
-	entries regardless of their age; --expire-unreachable=never
-	turns off early pruning of unreachable entries (but see
-	--expire).
+
+Options for `expire`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 --all::
-	Instead of listing <refs> explicitly, prune all refs.
+	Process the reflogs of all references.
+
+--expire=<time>::
+	Prune entries older than the specified time. If this option is
+	not specified, the expiration time is taken from the
+	configuration setting `gc.reflogExpire`, which in turn
+	defaults to 90 days. `--expire=all` prunes entries regardless
+	of their age; `--expire=never` turns off pruning of reachable
+	entries (but see `--expire-unreachable`).
+
+--expire-unreachable=<time>::
+	Prune entries older than `<time>` that are not reachable from
+	the current tip of the branch. If this option is not
+	specified, the expiration time is taken from the configuration
+	setting `gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults
+	to 30 days. `--expire-unreachable=all` prunes unreachable
+	entries regardless of their age; `--expire-unreachable=never`
+	turns off early pruning of unreachable entries (but see
+	`--expire`).
 
 --updateref::
-	Update the ref with the sha1 of the top reflog entry (i.e.
-	<ref>@\{0\}) after expiring or deleting.
+	Update the reference to the value of the top reflog entry (i.e.
+	<ref>@\{0\}) if the previous top entry was pruned.  (This
+	option is ignored for symbolic references.)
 
 --rewrite::
-	While expiring or deleting, adjust each reflog entry to ensure
-	that the `old` sha1 field points to the `new` sha1 field of the
-	previous entry.
+	If a reflog entry's predecessor is pruned, adjust its "old"
+	SHA-1 to be equal to the "new" SHA-1 field of the entry that
+	now precedes it.
+
+--stale-fix::
+	Prune any reflog entries that point to "broken commits". A
+	broken commit is a commit that is not reachable from any of
+	the reference tips and that refers, directly or indirectly, to
+	a missing commit, tree, or blob object.
++
+This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
+has the same cost as 'git prune'.  It is primarily intended to fix
+corruption caused by garbage collecting using older versions of Git,
+which didn't protect objects referred to by reflogs.
+
+-n::
+--dry-run::
+	Do not actually prune any entries; just show what would have
+	been pruned.
 
 --verbose::
 	Print extra information on screen.
 
+
+Options for `delete`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+`git reflog delete` accepts options `--updateref`, `--rewrite`, `-n`,
+`--dry-run`, and `--verbose`, with the same meanings as when they are
+used with `expire`.
+
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
index cd0bb77..b25d0b5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
@@ -116,6 +116,10 @@
 	determined by the helper using environment variables (see
 	above).
 
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
index bcd3766..e700baf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
@@ -50,6 +50,10 @@
 `git push fd::7,8/bar master`::
 	Same as above.
 
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index cb103c8..8bd22af 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 git-remote(1)
-============
+=============
 
 NAME
 ----
@@ -58,6 +58,9 @@
 With `--no-tags` option, `git fetch <name>` does not import tags from
 the remote repository.
 +
+By default, only tags on fetched branches are imported
+(see linkgit:git-fetch[1]).
++
 With `-t <branch>` option, instead of the default glob
 refspec for the remote to track all branches under
 the `refs/remotes/<name>/` namespace, a refspec to track only `<branch>`
@@ -130,17 +133,25 @@
 
 'set-url'::
 
-Changes URL remote points to. Sets first URL remote points to matching
+Changes URLs for the remote. Sets first URL for remote <name> that matches
 regex <oldurl> (first URL if no <oldurl> is given) to <newurl>. If
-<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, error occurs and nothing is changed.
+<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, an error occurs and nothing is changed.
 +
 With '--push', push URLs are manipulated instead of fetch URLs.
 +
-With '--add', instead of changing some URL, new URL is added.
+With '--add', instead of changing existing URLs, new URL is added.
 +
-With '--delete', instead of changing some URL, all URLs matching
-regex <url> are deleted. Trying to delete all non-push URLs is an
-error.
+With '--delete', instead of changing existing URLs, all URLs matching
+regex <url> are deleted for remote <name>.  Trying to delete all
+non-push URLs is an error.
++
+Note that the push URL and the fetch URL, even though they can
+be set differently, must still refer to the same place.  What you
+pushed to the push URL should be what you would see if you
+immediately fetched from the fetch URL.  If you are trying to
+fetch from one place (e.g. your upstream) and push to another (e.g.
+your publishing repository), use two separate remotes.
+
 
 'show'::
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repack.txt b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
index 4786a78..0e0bd36 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@
 	Write a reachability bitmap index as part of the repack. This
 	only makes sense when used with `-a` or `-A`, as the bitmaps
 	must be able to refer to all reachable objects. This option
-	overrides the setting of `pack.writebitmaps`.
+	overrides the setting of `pack.writeBitmaps`.
 
 --pack-kept-objects::
 	Include objects in `.keep` files when repacking.  Note that we
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@
 	This means that we may duplicate objects, but this makes the
 	option safe to use when there are concurrent pushes or fetches.
 	This option is generally only useful if you are writing bitmaps
-	with `-b` or `pack.writebitmaps`, as it ensures that the
+	with `-b` or `pack.writeBitmaps`, as it ensures that the
 	bitmapped packfile has the necessary objects.
 
 Configuration
diff --git a/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt
index 283577b..c32cb0b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,8 @@
 -----------
 
 Generate a request asking your upstream project to pull changes into
-their tree.  The request, printed to the standard output, summarizes
+their tree.  The request, printed to the standard output,
+begins with the branch description, summarizes
 the changes and indicates from where they can be pulled.
 
 The upstream project is expected to have the commit named by
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
index a62227f..9ee083c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@
 occurred a long time ago.  By default, unresolved conflicts older
 than 15 days and resolved conflicts older than 60
 days are pruned.  These defaults are controlled via the
-`gc.rerereunresolved` and `gc.rerereresolved` configuration
+`gc.rerereUnresolved` and `gc.rerereResolved` configuration
 variables respectively.
 
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index fd7f8b5..7b49c85 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -9,53 +9,55 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git rev-list' [ \--max-count=<number> ]
-	     [ \--skip=<number> ]
-	     [ \--max-age=<timestamp> ]
-	     [ \--min-age=<timestamp> ]
-	     [ \--sparse ]
-	     [ \--merges ]
-	     [ \--no-merges ]
-	     [ \--min-parents=<number> ]
-	     [ \--no-min-parents ]
-	     [ \--max-parents=<number> ]
-	     [ \--no-max-parents ]
-	     [ \--first-parent ]
-	     [ \--remove-empty ]
-	     [ \--full-history ]
-	     [ \--not ]
-	     [ \--all ]
-	     [ \--branches[=<pattern>] ]
-	     [ \--tags[=<pattern>] ]
-	     [ \--remotes[=<pattern>] ]
-	     [ \--glob=<glob-pattern> ]
-	     [ \--ignore-missing ]
-	     [ \--stdin ]
-	     [ \--quiet ]
-	     [ \--topo-order ]
-	     [ \--parents ]
-	     [ \--timestamp ]
-	     [ \--left-right ]
-	     [ \--left-only ]
-	     [ \--right-only ]
-	     [ \--cherry-mark ]
-	     [ \--cherry-pick ]
-	     [ \--encoding=<encoding> ]
-	     [ \--(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
-	     [ \--regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
-	     [ \--extended-regexp | -E ]
-	     [ \--fixed-strings | -F ]
-	     [ \--date=(local|relative|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short) ]
-	     [ [\--objects | \--objects-edge] [ \--unpacked ] ]
-	     [ \--pretty | \--header ]
-	     [ \--bisect ]
-	     [ \--bisect-vars ]
-	     [ \--bisect-all ]
-	     [ \--merge ]
-	     [ \--reverse ]
-	     [ \--walk-reflogs ]
-	     [ \--no-walk ] [ \--do-walk ]
-	     [ \--use-bitmap-index ]
+'git rev-list' [ --max-count=<number> ]
+	     [ --skip=<number> ]
+	     [ --max-age=<timestamp> ]
+	     [ --min-age=<timestamp> ]
+	     [ --sparse ]
+	     [ --merges ]
+	     [ --no-merges ]
+	     [ --min-parents=<number> ]
+	     [ --no-min-parents ]
+	     [ --max-parents=<number> ]
+	     [ --no-max-parents ]
+	     [ --first-parent ]
+	     [ --remove-empty ]
+	     [ --full-history ]
+	     [ --not ]
+	     [ --all ]
+	     [ --branches[=<pattern>] ]
+	     [ --tags[=<pattern>] ]
+	     [ --remotes[=<pattern>] ]
+	     [ --glob=<glob-pattern> ]
+	     [ --ignore-missing ]
+	     [ --stdin ]
+	     [ --quiet ]
+	     [ --topo-order ]
+	     [ --parents ]
+	     [ --timestamp ]
+	     [ --left-right ]
+	     [ --left-only ]
+	     [ --right-only ]
+	     [ --cherry-mark ]
+	     [ --cherry-pick ]
+	     [ --encoding=<encoding> ]
+	     [ --(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
+	     [ --regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
+	     [ --extended-regexp | -E ]
+	     [ --fixed-strings | -F ]
+	     [ --date=(local|relative|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short) ]
+	     [ [ --objects | --objects-edge | --objects-edge-aggressive ]
+	       [ --unpacked ] ]
+	     [ --pretty | --header ]
+	     [ --bisect ]
+	     [ --bisect-vars ]
+	     [ --bisect-all ]
+	     [ --merge ]
+	     [ --reverse ]
+	     [ --walk-reflogs ]
+	     [ --no-walk ] [ --do-walk ]
+	     [ --count ]
+	     [ --use-bitmap-index ]
 	     <commit>... [ \-- <paths>... ]
 
 DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index fa4a8c3..b6c6326 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@
 +
 If you want to make sure that the output actually names an object in
 your object database and/or can be used as a specific type of object
-you require, you can add "\^{type}" peeling operator to the parameter.
+you require, you can add the `^{type}` peeling operator to the parameter.
 For example, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{commit}"` will make sure `$VAR`
 names an existing object that is a commit-ish (i.e. a commit, or an
 annotated tag that points at a commit).  To make sure that `$VAR`
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@
 	form as close to the original input as possible.
 
 --symbolic-full-name::
-	This is similar to \--symbolic, but it omits input that
+	This is similar to --symbolic, but it omits input that
 	are not refs (i.e. branch or tag names; or more
 	explicitly disambiguating "heads/master" form, when you
 	want to name the "master" branch when there is an
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@
 	consider. Repetitions of this option accumulate exclusion patterns
 	up to the next `--all`, `--branches`, `--tags`, `--remotes`, or
 	`--glob` option (other options or arguments do not clear
-	accumlated patterns).
+	accumulated patterns).
 +
 The patterns given should not begin with `refs/heads`, `refs/tags`, or
 `refs/remotes` when applied to `--branches`, `--tags`, or `--remotes`,
@@ -216,6 +216,9 @@
 is not detected to lie in a Git repository or work tree
 print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
 
+--git-common-dir::
+	Show `$GIT_COMMON_DIR` if defined, else `$GIT_DIR`.
+
 --is-inside-git-dir::
 	When the current working directory is below the repository
 	directory print "true", otherwise "false".
@@ -233,6 +236,13 @@
 	repository.  If <path> is a gitfile then the resolved path
 	to the real repository is printed.
 
+--git-path <path>::
+	Resolve "$GIT_DIR/<path>" and takes other path relocation
+	variables such as $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY,
+	$GIT_INDEX_FILE... into account. For example, if
+	$GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY is set to /foo/bar then "git rev-parse
+	--git-path objects/abc" returns /foo/bar/abc.
+
 --show-cdup::
 	When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
 	path of the top-level directory relative to the current
@@ -301,8 +311,8 @@
 `<opt-spec>`::
 	its format is the short option character, then the long option name
 	separated by a comma. Both parts are not required, though at least one
-	is necessary. `h,help`, `dry-run` and `f` are all three correct
-	`<opt-spec>`.
+	is necessary. May not contain any of the `<flags>` characters.
+	`h,help`, `dry-run` and `f` are examples of correct `<opt-spec>`.
 
 `<flags>`::
 	`<flags>` are of `*`, `=`, `?` or `!`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-revert.txt b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
index cceb5f2..b15139f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-revert.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git revert' [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<key-id>]] <commit>...
+'git revert' [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
 'git revert' --continue
 'git revert' --quit
 'git revert' --abort
@@ -80,9 +80,11 @@
 This is useful when reverting more than one commits'
 effect to your index in a row.
 
--S[<key-id>]::
---gpg-sign[=<key-id>]::
-	GPG-sign commits.
+-S[<keyid>]::
+--gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
+	GPG-sign commits. The `keyid` argument is optional and
+	defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be
+	stuck to the option without a space.
 
 -s::
 --signoff::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index a60776e..b9134d2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -47,19 +47,19 @@
 --annotate::
 	Review and edit each patch you're about to send. Default is the value
 	of 'sendemail.annotate'. See the CONFIGURATION section for
-	'sendemail.multiedit'.
+	'sendemail.multiEdit'.
 
---bcc=<address>::
+--bcc=<address>,...::
 	Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of
 	'sendemail.bcc'.
 +
-The --bcc option must be repeated for each user you want on the bcc list.
+This option may be specified multiple times.
 
---cc=<address>::
+--cc=<address>,...::
 	Specify a starting "Cc:" value for each email.
 	Default is the value of 'sendemail.cc'.
 +
-The --cc option must be repeated for each user you want on the cc list.
+This option may be specified multiple times.
 
 --compose::
 	Invoke a text editor (see GIT_EDITOR in linkgit:git-var[1])
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@
 +
 Missing From or In-Reply-To headers will be prompted for.
 +
-See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
 
 --from=<address>::
 	Specify the sender of the emails.  If not specified on the command line,
@@ -110,13 +110,13 @@
 	Only necessary if --compose is also set.  If --compose
 	is not set, this will be prompted for.
 
---to=<address>::
+--to=<address>,...::
 	Specify the primary recipient of the emails generated. Generally, this
 	will be the upstream maintainer of the project involved. Default is the
 	value of the 'sendemail.to' configuration value; if that is unspecified,
 	and --to-cmd is not specified, this will be prompted for.
 +
-The --to option must be repeated for each user you want on the to list.
+This option may be specified multiple times.
 
 --8bit-encoding=<encoding>::
 	When encountering a non-ASCII message or subject that does not
@@ -131,6 +131,21 @@
 	Specify encoding of compose message. Default is the value of the
 	'sendemail.composeencoding'; if that is unspecified, UTF-8 is assumed.
 
+--transfer-encoding=(7bit|8bit|quoted-printable|base64)::
+	Specify the transfer encoding to be used to send the message over SMTP.
+	7bit will fail upon encountering a non-ASCII message.  quoted-printable
+	can be useful when the repository contains files that contain carriage
+	returns, but makes the raw patch email file (as saved from a MUA) much
+	harder to inspect manually.  base64 is even more fool proof, but also
+	even more opaque.  Default is the value of the 'sendemail.transferEncoding'
+	configuration value; if that is unspecified, git will use 8bit and not
+	add a Content-Transfer-Encoding header.
+
+--xmailer::
+--no-xmailer::
+	Add (or prevent adding) the "X-Mailer:" header.  By default,
+	the header is added, but it can be turned off by setting the
+	`sendemail.xmailer` configuration variable to `false`.
 
 Sending
 ~~~~~~~
@@ -141,31 +156,44 @@
 	subscribed to a list. In order to use the 'From' address, set the
 	value to "auto". If you use the sendmail binary, you must have
 	suitable privileges for the -f parameter.  Default is the value of the
-	'sendemail.envelopesender' configuration variable; if that is
+	'sendemail.envelopeSender' configuration variable; if that is
 	unspecified, choosing the envelope sender is left to your MTA.
 
 --smtp-encryption=<encryption>::
 	Specify the encryption to use, either 'ssl' or 'tls'.  Any other
 	value reverts to plain SMTP.  Default is the value of
-	'sendemail.smtpencryption'.
+	'sendemail.smtpEncryption'.
 
 --smtp-domain=<FQDN>::
 	Specifies the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) used in the
 	HELO/EHLO command to the SMTP server.  Some servers require the
 	FQDN to match your IP address.  If not set, git send-email attempts
 	to determine your FQDN automatically.  Default is the value of
-	'sendemail.smtpdomain'.
+	'sendemail.smtpDomain'.
+
+--smtp-auth=<mechanisms>::
+	Whitespace-separated list of allowed SMTP-AUTH mechanisms. This setting
+	forces using only the listed mechanisms. Example:
++
+------
+$ git send-email --smtp-auth="PLAIN LOGIN GSSAPI" ...
+------
++
+If at least one of the specified mechanisms matches the ones advertised by the
+SMTP server and if it is supported by the utilized SASL library, the mechanism
+is used for authentication. If neither 'sendemail.smtpAuth' nor '--smtp-auth'
+is specified, all mechanisms supported by the SASL library can be used.
 
 --smtp-pass[=<password>]::
 	Password for SMTP-AUTH. The argument is optional: If no
 	argument is specified, then the empty string is used as
-	the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtppass',
+	the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpPass',
 	however '--smtp-pass' always overrides this value.
 +
 Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files
 or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
-'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpuser'), but no password has been
-specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then
+'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpUser'), but no password has been
+specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtpPass'), then
 a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
 
 --smtp-server=<host>::
@@ -173,7 +201,7 @@
 	`smtp.example.com` or a raw IP address).  Alternatively it can
 	specify a full pathname of a sendmail-like program instead;
 	the program must support the `-i` option.  Default value can
-	be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpserver' configuration
+	be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServer' configuration
 	option; the built-in default is `/usr/sbin/sendmail` or
 	`/usr/lib/sendmail` if such program is available, or
 	`localhost` otherwise.
@@ -184,11 +212,11 @@
 	submission port 587, or the common SSL smtp port 465);
 	symbolic port names (e.g. "submission" instead of 587)
 	are also accepted. The port can also be set with the
-	'sendemail.smtpserverport' configuration variable.
+	'sendemail.smtpServerPort' configuration variable.
 
 --smtp-server-option=<option>::
 	If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server option to use.
-	Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpserveroption'
+	Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServerOption'
 	configuration option.
 +
 The --smtp-server-option option must be repeated for each option you want
@@ -199,14 +227,19 @@
 	Legacy alias for '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
 
 --smtp-ssl-cert-path::
-	Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
-	Set it to an empty string to disable certificate verification.
-	Defaults to the value set to the 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath'
-	configuration variable, if set, or `/etc/ssl/certs` otherwise.
+	Path to a store of trusted CA certificates for SMTP SSL/TLS
+	certificate validation (either a directory that has been processed
+	by 'c_rehash', or a single file containing one or more PEM format
+	certificates concatenated together: see verify(1) -CAfile and
+	-CApath for more information on these). Set it to an empty string
+	to disable certificate verification. Defaults to the value of the
+	'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath' configuration variable, if set, or the
+	backing SSL library's compiled-in default otherwise (which should
+	be the best choice on most platforms).
 
 --smtp-user=<user>::
-	Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpuser';
-	if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpuser'),
+	Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpUser';
+	if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpUser'),
 	then authentication is not attempted.
 
 --smtp-debug=0|1::
@@ -227,14 +260,14 @@
 	Specify a command to execute once per patch file which
 	should generate patch file specific "Cc:" entries.
 	Output of this command must be single email address per line.
-	Default is the value of 'sendemail.cccmd' configuration value.
+	Default is the value of 'sendemail.ccCmd' configuration value.
 
 --[no-]chain-reply-to::
 	If this is set, each email will be sent as a reply to the previous
 	email sent.  If disabled with "--no-chain-reply-to", all emails after
 	the first will be sent as replies to the first email sent.  When using
 	this, it is recommended that the first file given be an overview of the
-	entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainreplyto'
+	entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainReplyTo'
 	configuration variable can be used to enable it.
 
 --identity=<identity>::
@@ -284,7 +317,7 @@
 
 --[no-]suppress-from::
 	If this is set, do not add the From: address to the cc: list.
-	Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressfrom' configuration
+	Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressFrom' configuration
 	value; if that is unspecified, default to --no-suppress-from.
 
 --[no-]thread::
@@ -357,15 +390,32 @@
 CONFIGURATION
 -------------
 
-sendemail.aliasesfile::
+sendemail.aliasesFile::
 	To avoid typing long email addresses, point this to one or more
-	email aliases files.  You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasfiletype'.
+	email aliases files.  You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasFileType'.
 
-sendemail.aliasfiletype::
-	Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesfile. Must be
-	one of 'mutt', 'mailrc', 'pine', 'elm', or 'gnus'.
+sendemail.aliasFileType::
+	Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesFile. Must be
+	one of 'mutt', 'mailrc', 'pine', 'elm', or 'gnus', or 'sendmail'.
++
+What an alias file in each format looks like can be found in
+the documentation of the email program of the same name. The
+differences and limitations from the standard formats are
+described below:
++
+--
+sendmail;;
+*	Quoted aliases and quoted addresses are not supported: lines that
+	contain a `"` symbol are ignored.
+*	Redirection to a file (`/path/name`) or pipe (`|command`) is not
+	supported.
+*	File inclusion (`:include: /path/name`) is not supported.
+*	Warnings are printed on the standard error output for any
+	explicitly unsupported constructs, and any other lines that are not
+	recognized by the parser.
+--
 
-sendemail.multiedit::
+sendemail.multiEdit::
 	If true (default), a single editor instance will be spawned to edit
 	files you have to edit (patches when '--annotate' is used, and the
 	summary when '--compose' is used). If false, files will be edited one
@@ -384,10 +434,10 @@
 edit ~/.gitconfig to specify your account settings:
 
 	[sendemail]
-		smtpencryption = tls
-		smtpserver = smtp.gmail.com
-		smtpuser = yourname@gmail.com
-		smtpserverport = 587
+		smtpEncryption = tls
+		smtpServer = smtp.gmail.com
+		smtpUser = yourname@gmail.com
+		smtpServerPort = 587
 
 Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the
 following commands:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index 2a0de42..6aa91e8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,10 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
+'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+		[--verbose] [--thin] [--atomic]
+		[--[no-]signed|--sign=(true|false|if-asked)]
+		[<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -29,7 +32,7 @@
 	a directory on the default $PATH.
 
 --exec=<git-receive-pack>::
-	Same as \--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
+	Same as --receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
 
 --all::
 	Instead of explicitly specifying which refs to update,
@@ -62,6 +65,22 @@
 	Send a "thin" pack, which records objects in deltified form based
 	on objects not included in the pack to reduce network traffic.
 
+--atomic::
+	Use an atomic transaction for updating the refs. If any of the refs
+	fails to update then the entire push will fail without changing any
+	refs.
+
+--[no-]signed::
+--sign=(true|false|if-asked)::
+	GPG-sign the push request to update refs on the receiving
+	side, to allow it to be checked by the hooks and/or be
+	logged.  If `false` or `--no-signed`, no signing will be
+	attempted.  If `true` or `--signed`, the push will fail if the
+	server does not support signed pushes.  If set to `if-asked`,
+	sign if and only if the server supports signed pushes.  The push
+	will also fail if the actual call to `gpg --sign` fails.  See
+	linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for the details on the receiving end.
+
 <host>::
 	A remote host to house the repository.  When this
 	part is specified, 'git-receive-pack' is invoked via
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
index fbdc8ad..a8a9509 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
@@ -9,13 +9,14 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git show-index' < idx-file
+'git show-index'
 
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
-Reads given idx file for packed Git archive created with
-'git pack-objects' command, and dumps its contents.
+Read the idx file for a Git packfile created with
+'git pack-objects' command from the standard input, and
+dump its contents.
 
 The information it outputs is subset of what you can get from
 'git verify-pack -v'; this command only shows the packfile
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
index 2a6f89b..3a32451 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@
 'git show-ref' [-q|--quiet] [--verify] [--head] [-d|--dereference]
 	     [-s|--hash[=<n>]] [--abbrev[=<n>]] [--tags]
 	     [--heads] [--] [<pattern>...]
-'git show-ref' --exclude-existing[=<pattern>] < ref-list
+'git show-ref' --exclude-existing[=<pattern>]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -23,8 +23,9 @@
 
 By default, shows the tags, heads, and remote refs.
 
-The --exclude-existing form is a filter that does the inverse, it shows the
-refs from stdin that don't exist in the local repository.
+The --exclude-existing form is a filter that does the inverse. It reads
+refs from stdin, one ref per line, and shows those that don't exist in
+the local repository.
 
 Use of this utility is encouraged in favor of directly accessing files under
 the `.git` directory.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show.txt b/Documentation/git-show.txt
index 4e617e6..82a4125 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
 For tags, it shows the tag message and the referenced objects.
 
 For trees, it shows the names (equivalent to 'git ls-tree'
-with \--name-only).
+with --name-only).
 
 For plain blobs, it shows the plain contents.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stage.txt b/Documentation/git-stage.txt
index ba3fe0d..25bcda9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stage.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stage.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 git-stage(1)
-==============
+============
 
 NAME
 ----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index def635f..e1e8f57 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -41,12 +41,21 @@
 --long::
 	Give the output in the long-format. This is the default.
 
+-v::
+--verbose::
+	In addition to the names of files that have been changed, also
+	show the textual changes that are staged to be committed
+	(i.e., like the output of `git diff --cached`). If `-v` is specified
+	twice, then also show the changes in the working tree that
+	have not yet been staged (i.e., like the output of `git diff`).
+
 -u[<mode>]::
 --untracked-files[=<mode>]::
 	Show untracked files.
 +
-The mode parameter is optional (defaults to 'all'), and is used to
-specify the handling of untracked files.
+The mode parameter is used to specify the handling of untracked files.
+It is optional: it defaults to 'all', and if specified, it must be
+stuck to the option (e.g. `-uno`, but not `-u no`).
 +
 The possible options are:
 +
@@ -58,7 +67,10 @@
 shown (i.e. the same as specifying `normal`), to help you avoid
 forgetting to add newly created files.  Because it takes extra work
 to find untracked files in the filesystem, this mode may take some
-time in a large working tree.  You can use `no` to have `git status`
+time in a large working tree.
+Consider enabling untracked cache and split index if supported (see
+`git update-index --untracked-cache` and `git update-index
+--split-index`), Otherwise you can use `no` to have `git status`
 return more quickly without showing untracked files.
 +
 The default can be changed using the status.showUntrackedFiles
@@ -77,7 +89,7 @@
 	only changes to the commits stored in the superproject are shown (this was
 	the behavior before 1.7.0). Using "all" hides all changes to submodules
 	(and suppresses the output of submodule summaries when the config option
-	`status.submodulesummary` is set).
+	`status.submoduleSummary` is set).
 
 --ignored::
 	Show ignored files as well.
@@ -116,7 +128,7 @@
 
 where `PATH1` is the path in the `HEAD`, and the " `-> PATH2`" part is
 shown only when `PATH1` corresponds to a different path in the
-index/worktree (i.e. the file is renamed). The 'XY' is a two-letter
+index/worktree (i.e. the file is renamed). The `XY` is a two-letter
 status code.
 
 The fields (including the `->`) are separated from each other by a
@@ -125,7 +137,7 @@
 literal: surrounded by ASCII double quote (34) characters, and with
 interior special characters backslash-escaped.
 
-For paths with merge conflicts, `X` and 'Y' show the modification
+For paths with merge conflicts, `X` and `Y` show the modification
 states of each side of the merge. For paths that do not have merge
 conflicts, `X` shows the status of the index, and `Y` shows the status
 of the work tree.  For untracked paths, `XY` are `??`.  Other status
@@ -207,7 +219,7 @@
 paths shown are relative to the repository root, not to the current
 directory.
 
-If `status.submodulesummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
+If `status.submoduleSummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
 to -1 or an unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled for
 the long format and a summary of commits for modified submodules will be
 shown (see --summary-limit option of linkgit:git-submodule[1]). Please note
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
index c87bfcb..2438f76 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
@@ -9,13 +9,15 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < input
+'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments]
+'git stripspace' [-c | --comment-lines]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
 
-Clean the input in the manner used by Git for text such as commit
-messages, notes, tags and branch descriptions.
+Read text, such as commit messages, notes, tags and branch
+descriptions, from the standard input and clean it in the manner
+used by Git.
 
 With no arguments, this will:
 
@@ -48,7 +50,7 @@
 
 Given the following noisy input with '$' indicating the end of a line:
 
---------
+---------
 |A brief introduction   $
 |   $
 |$
@@ -64,7 +66,7 @@
 
 Use 'git stripspace' with no arguments to obtain:
 
---------
+---------
 |A brief introduction$
 |$
 |A new paragraph$
@@ -78,7 +80,7 @@
 
 Use 'git stripspace --strip-comments' to obtain:
 
---------
+---------
 |A brief introduction$
 |$
 |A new paragraph$
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 8e6af65..1572f05 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -25,22 +25,17 @@
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
-Submodules allow foreign repositories to be embedded within
-a dedicated subdirectory of the source tree, always pointed
-at a particular commit.
+Inspects, updates and manages submodules.
 
-They are not to be confused with remotes, which are meant mainly
-for branches of the same project; submodules are meant for
-different projects you would like to make part of your source tree,
-while the history of the two projects still stays completely
-independent and you cannot modify the contents of the submodule
-from within the main project.
-If you want to merge the project histories and want to treat the
-aggregated whole as a single project from then on, you may want to
-add a remote for the other project and use the 'subtree' merge strategy,
-instead of treating the other project as a submodule. Directories
-that come from both projects can be cloned and checked out as a whole
-if you choose to go that route.
+A submodule allows you to keep another Git repository in a subdirectory
+of your repository. The other repository has its own history, which does not
+interfere with the history of the current repository. This can be used to
+have external dependencies such as third party libraries for example.
+
+When cloning or pulling a repository containing submodules however,
+these will not be checked out by default; the 'init' and 'update'
+subcommands will maintain submodules checked out and at
+appropriate revision in your working tree.
 
 Submodules are composed from a so-called `gitlink` tree entry
 in the main repository that refers to a particular commit object
@@ -51,19 +46,18 @@
 The logical name can be used for overriding this URL within your
 local repository configuration (see 'submodule init').
 
-This command will manage the tree entries and contents of the
-gitmodules file for you, as well as inspect the status of your
-submodules and update them.
-When adding a new submodule to the tree, the 'add' subcommand
-is to be used.  However, when pulling a tree containing submodules,
-these will not be checked out by default;
-the 'init' and 'update' subcommands will maintain submodules
-checked out and at appropriate revision in your working tree.
-You can briefly inspect the up-to-date status of your submodules
-using the 'status' subcommand and get a detailed overview of the
-difference between the index and checkouts using the 'summary'
-subcommand.
-
+Submodules are not to be confused with remotes, which are other
+repositories of the same project; submodules are meant for
+different projects you would like to make part of your source tree,
+while the history of the two projects still stays completely
+independent and you cannot modify the contents of the submodule
+from within the main project.
+If you want to merge the project histories and want to treat the
+aggregated whole as a single project from then on, you may want to
+add a remote for the other project and use the 'subtree' merge strategy,
+instead of treating the other project as a submodule. Directories
+that come from both projects can be cloned and checked out as a whole
+if you choose to go that route.
 
 COMMANDS
 --------
@@ -154,27 +148,51 @@
 it contains local modifications.
 
 update::
-	Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
-	checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
-	This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
-	`--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
-	`rebase`, `merge` or `none`. `none` can be overridden by specifying
-	`--checkout`. Setting the key `submodule.$name.update` to `!command`
-	will cause `command` to be run. `command` can be any arbitrary shell
-	command that takes a single argument, namely the sha1 to update to.
 +
+--
+Update the registered submodules to match what the superproject
+expects by cloning missing submodules and updating the working tree of
+the submodules. The "updating" can be done in several ways depending
+on command line options and the value of `submodule.<name>.update`
+configuration variable. Supported update procedures are:
+
+	checkout;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be
+	    checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD. This is
+	    done when `--checkout` option is given, or no option is
+	    given, and `submodule.<name>.update` is unset, or if it is
+	    set to 'checkout'.
++
+If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
+`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified
+in the index of the containing repository already matches the commit
+checked out in the submodule.
+
+	rebase;; the current branch of the submodule will be rebased
+	    onto the commit recorded in the superproject. This is done
+	    when `--rebase` option is given, or no option is given, and
+	    `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'rebase'.
+
+	merge;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be merged
+	    into the current branch in the submodule. This is done
+	    when `--merge` option is given, or no option is given, and
+	    `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'merge'.
+
+	custom command;; arbitrary shell command that takes a single
+	    argument (the sha1 of the commit recorded in the
+	    superproject) is executed. This is done when no option is
+	    given, and `submodule.<name>.update` has the form of
+	    '!command'.
+
+When no option is given and `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'none',
+the submodule is not updated.
+
 If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
 setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
 submodule with the `--init` option.
-+
+
 If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
 registered submodules, and update any nested submodules within.
-+
-If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
-`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified in the
-index of the containing repository already matches the commit checked out in
-the submodule.
-
+--
 summary::
 	Show commit summary between the given commit (defaults to HEAD) and
 	working tree/index. For a submodule in question, a series of commits
@@ -219,6 +237,9 @@
 +
 "git submodule sync" synchronizes all submodules while
 "git submodule sync \-- A" synchronizes submodule "A" only.
++
+If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
+registered submodules, and sync any nested submodules within.
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
@@ -238,10 +259,12 @@
 	When running add, allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
 	When running deinit the submodule work trees will be removed even if
 	they contain local changes.
-	When running update, throw away local changes in submodules when
-	switching to a different commit; and always run a checkout operation
-	in the submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
-	containing repository matches the commit checked out in the submodule.
+	When running update (only effective with the checkout procedure),
+	throw away local changes in submodules when switching to a
+	different commit; and always run a checkout operation in the
+	submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
+	containing repository matches the commit checked out in the
+	submodule.
 
 --cached::
 	This option is only valid for status and summary commands.  These
@@ -302,7 +325,7 @@
 	Checkout the commit recorded in the superproject on a detached HEAD
 	in the submodule. This is the default behavior, the main use of
 	this option is to override `submodule.$name.update` when set to
-	`merge`, `rebase` or `none`.
+	a value other than `checkout`.
 	If the key `submodule.$name.update` is either not explicitly set or
 	set to `checkout`, this option is implicit.
 
@@ -344,7 +367,7 @@
 for linkgit:git-clone[1]'s `--reference` and `--shared` options carefully.
 
 --recursive::
-	This option is only valid for foreach, update and status commands.
+	This option is only valid for foreach, update, status and sync commands.
 	Traverse submodules recursively. The operation is performed not
 	only in the submodules of the current repo, but also
 	in any nested submodules inside those submodules (and so on).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index ef8ef1c..0c0f60b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -70,8 +70,8 @@
 --username=<user>;;
 	For transports that SVN handles authentication for (http,
 	https, and plain svn), specify the username.  For other
-	transports (eg svn+ssh://), you must include the username in
-	the URL, eg svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project
+	transports (e.g. `svn+ssh://`), you must include the username in
+	the URL, e.g. `svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project`
 --prefix=<prefix>;;
 	This allows one to specify a prefix which is prepended
 	to the names of remotes if trunk/branches/tags are
@@ -174,6 +174,9 @@
 	(including automatic fetches due to 'clone', 'dcommit',
 	'rebase', etc) on a given repository. '--ignore-paths' takes
 	precedence over '--include-paths'.
++
+[verse]
+config key: svn-remote.<name>.include-paths
 
 --log-window-size=<n>;;
 	Fetch <n> log entries per request when scanning Subversion history.
@@ -252,6 +255,10 @@
 config key: svn-remote.<name>.commiturl
 config key: svn.commiturl (overwrites all svn-remote.<name>.commiturl options)
 +
+Note that the SVN URL of the commiturl config key includes the SVN branch.
+If you rather want to set the commit URL for an entire SVN repository use
+svn-remote.<name>.pushurl instead.
++
 Using this option for any other purpose (don't ask) is very strongly
 discouraged.
 
@@ -275,9 +282,9 @@
 	Ask the user to confirm that a patch set should actually be sent to SVN.
 	For each patch, one may answer "yes" (accept this patch), "no" (discard this
 	patch), "all" (accept all patches), or "quit".
-	+
-	'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
-	committing anything to SVN.
++
+'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
+committing anything to SVN.
 
 'branch'::
 	Create a branch in the SVN repository.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index e953ba4..08b4dfb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -9,12 +9,11 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git tag' [-a | -s | -u <key-id>] [-f] [-m <msg> | -F <file>]
+'git tag' [-a | -s | -u <keyid>] [-f] [-m <msg> | -F <file>]
 	<tagname> [<commit> | <object>]
 'git tag' -d <tagname>...
 'git tag' [-n[<num>]] -l [--contains <commit>] [--points-at <object>]
-	[--column[=<options>] | --no-column] [<pattern>...]
-	[<pattern>...]
+	[--column[=<options>] | --no-column] [--create-reflog] [<pattern>...]
 'git tag' -v <tagname>...
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -25,19 +24,19 @@
 
 Unless `-f` is given, the named tag must not yet exist.
 
-If one of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <key-id>` is passed, the command
+If one of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <keyid>` is passed, the command
 creates a 'tag' object, and requires a tag message.  Unless
 `-m <msg>` or `-F <file>` is given, an editor is started for the user to type
 in the tag message.
 
-If `-m <msg>` or `-F <file>` is given and `-a`, `-s`, and `-u <key-id>`
+If `-m <msg>` or `-F <file>` is given and `-a`, `-s`, and `-u <keyid>`
 are absent, `-a` is implied.
 
 Otherwise just a tag reference for the SHA-1 object name of the commit object is
 created (i.e. a lightweight tag).
 
 A GnuPG signed tag object will be created when `-s` or `-u
-<key-id>` is used.  When `-u <key-id>` is not used, the
+<keyid>` is used.  When `-u <keyid>` is not used, the
 committer identity for the current user is used to find the
 GnuPG key for signing. 	The configuration variable `gpg.program`
 is used to specify custom GnuPG binary.
@@ -64,8 +63,8 @@
 --sign::
 	Make a GPG-signed tag, using the default e-mail address's key.
 
--u <key-id>::
---local-user=<key-id>::
+-u <keyid>::
+--local-user=<keyid>::
 	Make a GPG-signed tag, using the given key.
 
 -f::
@@ -98,10 +97,13 @@
 --sort=<type>::
 	Sort in a specific order. Supported type is "refname"
 	(lexicographic order), "version:refname" or "v:refname" (tag
-	names are treated as versions). Prepend "-" to reverse sort
-	order. When this option is not given, the sort order defaults to the
-	value configured for the 'tag.sort' variable if it exists, or
-	lexicographic order otherwise. See linkgit:git-config[1].
+	names are treated as versions). The "version:refname" sort
+	order can also be affected by the
+	"versionsort.prereleaseSuffix" configuration variable. Prepend
+	"-" to reverse sort order. When this option is not given, the
+	sort order defaults to the value configured for the 'tag.sort'
+	variable if it exists, or lexicographic order otherwise. See
+	linkgit:git-config[1].
 
 --column[=<options>]::
 --no-column::
@@ -123,14 +125,14 @@
 	Use the given tag message (instead of prompting).
 	If multiple `-m` options are given, their values are
 	concatenated as separate paragraphs.
-	Implies `-a` if none of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <key-id>`
+	Implies `-a` if none of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <keyid>`
 	is given.
 
 -F <file>::
 --file=<file>::
 	Take the tag message from the given file.  Use '-' to
 	read the message from the standard input.
-	Implies `-a` if none of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <key-id>`
+	Implies `-a` if none of `-a`, `-s`, or `-u <keyid>`
 	is given.
 
 --cleanup=<mode>::
@@ -140,6 +142,9 @@
 	all, 'whitespace' removes just leading/trailing whitespace lines and
 	'strip' removes both whitespace and commentary.
 
+--create-reflog::
+	Create a reflog for the tag.
+
 <tagname>::
 	The name of the tag to create, delete, or describe.
 	The new tag name must pass all checks defined by
@@ -155,13 +160,13 @@
 CONFIGURATION
 -------------
 By default, 'git tag' in sign-with-default mode (-s) will use your
-committer identity (of the form "Your Name <\your@email.address>") to
+committer identity (of the form `Your Name <your@email.address>`) to
 find a key.  If you want to use a different default key, you can specify
 it in the repository configuration as follows:
 
 -------------------------------------
 [user]
-    signingkey = <gpg-key-id>
+    signingKey = <gpg-keyid>
 -------------------------------------
 
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tools.txt b/Documentation/git-tools.txt
index 78a0d95..2f4ff50 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tools.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tools.txt
@@ -1,118 +1,10 @@
-A short Git tools survey
-========================
+Git Tools
+=========
 
+When Git was young, people looking for third-party Git-related tools came
+to the Git project itself to find them, thus a list of such tools was
+maintained here. These days, however, search engines fill that role much
+more efficiently, so this manually-maintained list has been retired.
 
-Introduction
-------------
-
-Apart from Git contrib/ area there are some others third-party tools
-you may want to look.
-
-This document presents a brief summary of each tool and the corresponding
-link.
-
-
-Alternative/Augmentative Porcelains
------------------------------------
-
-   - *Cogito* (http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/cogito/)
-
-   Cogito is a version control system layered on top of the Git tree history
-   storage system. It aims at seamless user interface and ease of use,
-   providing generally smoother user experience than the "raw" Core Git
-   itself and indeed many other version control systems.
-
-   Cogito is no longer maintained as most of its functionality
-   is now in core Git.
-
-
-   - *pg* (http://www.spearce.org/category/projects/scm/pg/)
-
-   pg is a shell script wrapper around Git to help the user manage a set of
-   patches to files. pg is somewhat like quilt or StGit, but it does have a
-   slightly different feature set.
-
-
-   - *StGit* (http://www.procode.org/stgit/)
-
-   Stacked Git provides a quilt-like patch management functionality in the
-   Git environment. You can easily manage your patches in the scope of Git
-   until they get merged upstream.
-
-
-History Viewers
----------------
-
-   - *gitk* (shipped with git-core)
-
-   gitk is a simple Tk GUI for browsing history of Git repositories easily.
-
-
-   - *gitview*  (contrib/)
-
-   gitview is a GTK based repository browser for Git
-
-
-   - *gitweb* (shipped with git-core)
-
-   Gitweb provides full-fledged web interface for Git repositories.
-
-
-   - *qgit* (http://digilander.libero.it/mcostalba/)
-
-   QGit is a git/StGit GUI viewer built on Qt/C++. QGit could be used
-   to browse history and directory tree, view annotated files, commit
-   changes cherry picking single files or applying patches.
-   Currently it is the fastest and most feature rich among the Git
-   viewers and commit tools.
-
-   - *tig* (http://jonas.nitro.dk/tig/)
-
-   tig by Jonas Fonseca is a simple Git repository browser
-   written using ncurses. Basically, it just acts as a front-end
-   for git-log and git-show/git-diff. Additionally, you can also
-   use it as a pager for Git commands.
-
-
-Foreign SCM interface
----------------------
-
-   - *git-svn* (shipped with git-core)
-
-   git-svn is a simple conduit for changesets between a single Subversion
-   branch and Git.
-
-
-   - *quilt2git / git2quilt* (http://home-tj.org/wiki/index.php/Misc)
-
-   These utilities convert patch series in a quilt repository and commit
-   series in Git back and forth.
-
-
-   - *hg-to-git* (contrib/)
-
-   hg-to-git converts a Mercurial repository into a Git one, and
-   preserves the full branch history in the process. hg-to-git can
-   also be used in an incremental way to keep the Git repository
-   in sync with the master Mercurial repository.
-
-
-Others
-------
-
-   - *(h)gct* (http://www.cyd.liu.se/users/~freku045/gct/)
-
-   Commit Tool or (h)gct is a GUI enabled commit tool for Git and
-   Mercurial (hg). It allows the user to view diffs, select which files
-   to committed (or ignored / reverted) write commit messages and
-   perform the commit itself.
-
-   - *git.el* (contrib/)
-
-   This is an Emacs interface for Git. The user interface is modelled on
-   pcl-cvs. It has been developed on Emacs 21 and will probably need some
-   tweaking to work on XEmacs.
-
-
-http://git.or.cz/gitwiki/InterfacesFrontendsAndTools has more
-comprehensive list.
+See also the `contrib/` area, and the Git wiki:
+http://git.or.cz/gitwiki/InterfacesFrontendsAndTools
diff --git a/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
index 12cb108..3e887d1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git unpack-objects' [-n] [-q] [-r] [--strict] < <pack-file>
+'git unpack-objects' [-n] [-q] [-r] [--strict]
 
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -19,8 +19,8 @@
 "loose" (one object per file) format.
 
 Objects that already exist in the repository will *not* be unpacked
-from the pack-file.  Therefore, nothing will be unpacked if you use
-this command on a pack-file that exists within the target repository.
+from the packfile.  Therefore, nothing will be unpacked if you use
+this command on a packfile that exists within the target repository.
 
 See linkgit:git-repack[1] for options to generate
 new packs and replace existing ones.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index 82eca6f..f4e5a85 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -17,6 +17,8 @@
 	     [--[no-]assume-unchanged]
 	     [--[no-]skip-worktree]
 	     [--ignore-submodules]
+	     [--[no-]split-index]
+	     [--[no-|force-]untracked-cache]
 	     [--really-refresh] [--unresolve] [--again | -g]
 	     [--info-only] [--index-info]
 	     [-z] [--stdin] [--index-version <n>]
@@ -82,20 +84,18 @@
         Set the execute permissions on the updated files.
 
 --[no-]assume-unchanged::
-	When these flags are specified, the object names recorded
-	for the paths are not updated.  Instead, these options
-	set and unset the "assume unchanged" bit for the
-	paths.  When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, Git stops
-	checking the working tree files for possible
-	modifications, so you need to manually unset the bit to
-	tell Git when you change the working tree file. This is
+	When this flag is specified, the object names recorded
+	for the paths are not updated.  Instead, this option
+	sets/unsets the "assume unchanged" bit for the
+	paths.  When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, the user
+	promises not to change the file and allows Git to assume
+	that the working tree file matches what is recorded in
+	the index.  If you want to change the working tree file,
+	you need to unset the bit to tell Git.  This is
 	sometimes helpful when working with a big project on a
 	filesystem that has very slow lstat(2) system call
 	(e.g. cifs).
 +
-This option can be also used as a coarse file-level mechanism
-to ignore uncommitted changes in tracked files (akin to what
-`.gitignore` does for untracked files).
 Git will fail (gracefully) in case it needs to modify this file
 in the index e.g. when merging in a commit;
 thus, in case the assumed-untracked file is changed upstream,
@@ -170,7 +170,21 @@
 	split-index mode is already enabled and `--split-index` is
 	given again, all changes in $GIT_DIR/index are pushed back to
 	the shared index file. This mode is designed for very large
-	indexes that take a signficant amount of time to read or write.
+	indexes that take a significant amount of time to read or write.
+
+--untracked-cache::
+--no-untracked-cache::
+	Enable or disable untracked cache extension. This could speed
+	up for commands that involve determining untracked files such
+	as `git status`. The underlying operating system and file
+	system must change `st_mtime` field of a directory if files
+	are added or deleted in that directory.
+
+--force-untracked-cache::
+	For safety, `--untracked-cache` performs tests on the working
+	directory to make sure untracked cache can be used. These
+	tests can take a few seconds. `--force-untracked-cache` can be
+	used to skip the tests.
 
 \--::
 	Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
index c8f5ae5..969bfab 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git update-ref' [-m <reason>] (-d <ref> [<oldvalue>] | [--no-deref] <ref> <newvalue> [<oldvalue>] | --stdin [-z])
+'git update-ref' [-m <reason>] (-d <ref> [<oldvalue>] | [--no-deref] [--create-reflog] <ref> <newvalue> [<oldvalue>] | --stdin [-z])
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -67,6 +67,9 @@
 	verify SP <ref> [SP <oldvalue>] LF
 	option SP <opt> LF
 
+With `--create-reflog`, update-ref will create a reflog for each ref
+even if one would not ordinarily be created.
+
 Quote fields containing whitespace as if they were strings in C source
 code; i.e., surrounded by double-quotes and with backslash escapes.
 Use 40 "0" characters or the empty string to specify a zero value.  To
diff --git a/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt b/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt
index cbef61b..fba0f1c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 git-upload-archive(1)
-====================
+=====================
 
 NAME
 ----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt
index 9413e28..ecf4da1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt
@@ -16,6 +16,10 @@
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
+--raw::
+	Print the raw gpg status output to standard error instead of the normal
+	human-readable output.
+
 -v::
 --verbose::
 	Print the contents of the commit object before validating it.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
index 526ba7b..61ca6d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@
 -------------
 When specifying the -v option the format used is:
 
-	SHA-1 type size size-in-pack-file offset-in-packfile
+	SHA-1 type size size-in-packfile offset-in-packfile
 
 for objects that are not deltified in the pack, and
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
index f88ba96..d590edc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
@@ -16,6 +16,10 @@
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
+--raw::
+	Print the raw gpg status output to standard error instead of the normal
+	human-readable output.
+
 -v::
 --verbose::
 	Print the contents of the tag object before validating it.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-worktree.txt b/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fb68156
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
+git-worktree(1)
+===============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-worktree - Manage multiple working trees
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'git worktree add' [-f] [--detach] [-b <new-branch>] <path> [<branch>]
+'git worktree prune' [-n] [-v] [--expire <expire>]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+Manage multiple working trees attached to the same repository.
+
+A git repository can support multiple working trees, allowing you to check
+out more than one branch at a time.  With `git worktree add` a new working
+tree is associated with the repository.  This new working tree is called a
+"linked working tree" as opposed to the "main working tree" prepared by "git
+init" or "git clone".  A repository has one main working tree (if it's not a
+bare repository) and zero or more linked working trees.
+
+When you are done with a linked working tree you can simply delete it.
+The working tree's administrative files in the repository (see
+"DETAILS" below) will eventually be removed automatically (see
+`gc.worktreePruneExpire` in linkgit:git-config[1]), or you can run
+`git worktree prune` in the main or any linked working tree to
+clean up any stale administrative files.
+
+If you move a linked working tree to another file system, or
+within a file system that does not support hard links, you need to run
+at least one git command inside the linked working tree
+(e.g. `git status`) in order to update its administrative files in the
+repository so that they do not get automatically pruned.
+
+If a linked working tree is stored on a portable device or network share
+which is not always mounted, you can prevent its administrative files from
+being pruned by creating a file named 'locked' alongside the other
+administrative files, optionally containing a plain text reason that
+pruning should be suppressed. See section "DETAILS" for more information.
+
+COMMANDS
+--------
+add <path> [<branch>]::
+
+Create `<path>` and checkout `<branch>` into it. The new working directory
+is linked to the current repository, sharing everything except working
+directory specific files such as HEAD, index, etc.
++
+If `<branch>` is omitted and neither `-b` nor `-B` nor `--detached` used,
+then, as a convenience, a new branch based at HEAD is created automatically,
+as if `-b $(basename <path>)` was specified.
+
+prune::
+
+Prune working tree information in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+
+-f::
+--force::
+	By default, `add` refuses to create a new working tree when `<branch>`
+	is already checked out by another working tree. This option overrides
+	that safeguard.
+
+-b <new-branch>::
+-B <new-branch>::
+	With `add`, create a new branch named `<new-branch>` starting at
+	`<branch>`, and check out `<new-branch>` into the new working tree.
+	If `<branch>` is omitted, it defaults to HEAD.
+	By default, `-b` refuses to create a new branch if it already
+	exists. `-B` overrides this safeguard, resetting `<new-branch>` to
+	`<branch>`.
+
+--detach::
+	With `add`, detach HEAD in the new working tree. See "DETACHED HEAD"
+	in linkgit:git-checkout[1].
+
+-n::
+--dry-run::
+	With `prune`, do not remove anything; just report what it would
+	remove.
+
+-v::
+--verbose::
+	With `prune`, report all removals.
+
+--expire <time>::
+	With `prune`, only expire unused working trees older than <time>.
+
+DETAILS
+-------
+Each linked working tree has a private sub-directory in the repository's
+$GIT_DIR/worktrees directory.  The private sub-directory's name is usually
+the base name of the linked working tree's path, possibly appended with a
+number to make it unique.  For example, when `$GIT_DIR=/path/main/.git` the
+command `git worktree add /path/other/test-next next` creates the linked
+working tree in `/path/other/test-next` and also creates a
+`$GIT_DIR/worktrees/test-next` directory (or `$GIT_DIR/worktrees/test-next1`
+if `test-next` is already taken).
+
+Within a linked working tree, $GIT_DIR is set to point to this private
+directory (e.g. `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` in the example) and
+$GIT_COMMON_DIR is set to point back to the main working tree's $GIT_DIR
+(e.g. `/path/main/.git`). These settings are made in a `.git` file located at
+the top directory of the linked working tree.
+
+Path resolution via `git rev-parse --git-path` uses either
+$GIT_DIR or $GIT_COMMON_DIR depending on the path. For example, in the
+linked working tree `git rev-parse --git-path HEAD` returns
+`/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next/HEAD` (not
+`/path/other/test-next/.git/HEAD` or `/path/main/.git/HEAD`) while `git
+rev-parse --git-path refs/heads/master` uses
+$GIT_COMMON_DIR and returns `/path/main/.git/refs/heads/master`,
+since refs are shared across all working trees.
+
+See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for more information. The rule of
+thumb is do not make any assumption about whether a path belongs to
+$GIT_DIR or $GIT_COMMON_DIR when you need to directly access something
+inside $GIT_DIR. Use `git rev-parse --git-path` to get the final path.
+
+To prevent a $GIT_DIR/worktrees entry from being pruned (which
+can be useful in some situations, such as when the
+entry's working tree is stored on a portable device), add a file named
+'locked' to the entry's directory. The file contains the reason in
+plain text. For example, if a linked working tree's `.git` file points
+to `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` then a file named
+`/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next/locked` will prevent the
+`test-next` entry from being pruned.  See
+linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for details.
+
+EXAMPLES
+--------
+You are in the middle of a refactoring session and your boss comes in and
+demands that you fix something immediately. You might typically use
+linkgit:git-stash[1] to store your changes away temporarily, however, your
+working tree is in such a state of disarray (with new, moved, and removed
+files, and other bits and pieces strewn around) that you don't want to risk
+disturbing any of it. Instead, you create a temporary linked working tree to
+make the emergency fix, remove it when done, and then resume your earlier
+refactoring session.
+
+------------
+$ git worktree add -b emergency-fix ../temp master
+$ pushd ../temp
+# ... hack hack hack ...
+$ git commit -a -m 'emergency fix for boss'
+$ popd
+$ rm -rf ../temp
+$ git worktree prune
+------------
+
+BUGS
+----
+Multiple checkout in general is still experimental, and the support
+for submodules is incomplete. It is NOT recommended to make multiple
+checkouts of a superproject.
+
+git-worktree could provide more automation for tasks currently
+performed manually, such as:
+
+- `remove` to remove a linked working tree and its administrative files (and
+  warn if the working tree is dirty)
+- `mv` to move or rename a working tree and update its administrative files
+- `list` to list linked working trees
+- `lock` to prevent automatic pruning of administrative files (for instance,
+  for a working tree on a portable device)
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index c6175d4..cbf157b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
 and full access to internals.
 
 See linkgit:gittutorial[7] to get started, then see
-link:everyday.html[Everyday Git] for a useful minimum set of
+linkgit:giteveryday[7] for a useful minimum set of
 commands.  The link:user-manual.html[Git User's Manual] has a more
 in-depth introduction.
 
@@ -43,34 +43,95 @@
 branch of the `git.git` repository.
 Documentation for older releases are available here:
 
-* link:v2.1.2/git.html[documentation for release 2.1.2]
+* link:v2.6.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.6.4]
 
 * release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.6.4.txt[2.6.4],
+  link:RelNotes/2.6.3.txt[2.6.3],
+  link:RelNotes/2.6.2.txt[2.6.2],
+  link:RelNotes/2.6.1.txt[2.6.1],
+  link:RelNotes/2.6.0.txt[2.6].
+
+* link:v2.5.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.5.4]
+
+* release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.5.4.txt[2.5.4],
+  link:RelNotes/2.5.3.txt[2.5.3],
+  link:RelNotes/2.5.2.txt[2.5.2],
+  link:RelNotes/2.5.1.txt[2.5.1],
+  link:RelNotes/2.5.0.txt[2.5].
+
+* link:v2.4.10/git.html[documentation for release 2.4.10]
+
+* release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.10.txt[2.4.10],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.9.txt[2.4.9],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.8.txt[2.4.8],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.7.txt[2.4.7],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.6.txt[2.4.6],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.5.txt[2.4.5],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.4.txt[2.4.4],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.3.txt[2.4.3],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.2.txt[2.4.2],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.1.txt[2.4.1],
+  link:RelNotes/2.4.0.txt[2.4].
+
+* link:v2.3.10/git.html[documentation for release 2.3.10]
+
+* release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.10.txt[2.3.10],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.9.txt[2.3.9],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.8.txt[2.3.8],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.7.txt[2.3.7],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.6.txt[2.3.6],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.5.txt[2.3.5],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.4.txt[2.3.4],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.3.txt[2.3.3],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.2.txt[2.3.2],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.1.txt[2.3.1],
+  link:RelNotes/2.3.0.txt[2.3].
+
+* link:v2.2.3/git.html[documentation for release 2.2.3]
+
+* release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.2.3.txt[2.2.3],
+  link:RelNotes/2.2.2.txt[2.2.2],
+  link:RelNotes/2.2.1.txt[2.2.1],
+  link:RelNotes/2.2.0.txt[2.2].
+
+* link:v2.1.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.1.4]
+
+* release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.1.4.txt[2.1.4],
+  link:RelNotes/2.1.3.txt[2.1.3],
   link:RelNotes/2.1.2.txt[2.1.2],
   link:RelNotes/2.1.1.txt[2.1.1],
   link:RelNotes/2.1.0.txt[2.1].
 
-* link:v2.0.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.0.4]
+* link:v2.0.5/git.html[documentation for release 2.0.5]
 
 * release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/2.0.5.txt[2.0.5],
   link:RelNotes/2.0.4.txt[2.0.4],
   link:RelNotes/2.0.3.txt[2.0.3],
   link:RelNotes/2.0.2.txt[2.0.2],
   link:RelNotes/2.0.1.txt[2.0.1],
   link:RelNotes/2.0.0.txt[2.0.0].
 
-* link:v1.9.4/git.html[documentation for release 1.9.4]
+* link:v1.9.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.9.5]
 
 * release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/1.9.5.txt[1.9.5],
   link:RelNotes/1.9.4.txt[1.9.4],
   link:RelNotes/1.9.3.txt[1.9.3],
   link:RelNotes/1.9.2.txt[1.9.2],
   link:RelNotes/1.9.1.txt[1.9.1],
   link:RelNotes/1.9.0.txt[1.9.0].
 
-* link:v1.8.5.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.5.5]
+* link:v1.8.5.6/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.5.6]
 
 * release notes for
+  link:RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt[1.8.5.6],
   link:RelNotes/1.8.5.5.txt[1.8.5.5],
   link:RelNotes/1.8.5.4.txt[1.8.5.4],
   link:RelNotes/1.8.5.3.txt[1.8.5.3],
@@ -738,7 +799,7 @@
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 These environment variables apply to 'all' core Git commands. Nb: it
 is worth noting that they may be used/overridden by SCMS sitting above
-Git so take care if using Cogito etc.
+Git so take care if using a foreign front-end.
 
 'GIT_INDEX_FILE'::
 	This environment allows the specification of an alternate
@@ -748,7 +809,8 @@
 'GIT_INDEX_VERSION'::
 	This environment variable allows the specification of an index
 	version for new repositories.  It won't affect existing index
-	files.  By default index file version [23] is used.
+	files.  By default index file version 2 or 3 is used. See
+	linkgit:git-update-index[1] for more information.
 
 'GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY'::
 	If the object storage directory is specified via this
@@ -803,6 +865,15 @@
 	an explicit repository directory set via 'GIT_DIR' or on the
 	command line.
 
+'GIT_COMMON_DIR'::
+	If this variable is set to a path, non-worktree files that are
+	normally in $GIT_DIR will be taken from this path
+	instead. Worktree-specific files such as HEAD or index are
+	taken from $GIT_DIR. See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] and
+	linkgit:git-worktree[1] for
+	details. This variable has lower precedence than other path
+	variables such as GIT_INDEX_FILE, GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY...
+
 Git Commits
 ~~~~~~~~~~~
 'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME'::
@@ -875,19 +946,21 @@
 	and the `core.editor` option in linkgit:git-config[1].
 
 'GIT_SSH'::
-	If this environment variable is set then 'git fetch'
-	and 'git push' will use this command instead
-	of 'ssh' when they need to connect to a remote system.
-	The '$GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two or
-	four arguments: the 'username@host' (or just 'host')
-	from the URL and the shell command to execute on that
-	remote system, optionally preceded by '-p' (literally) and
-	the 'port' from the URL when it specifies something other
-	than the default SSH port.
+'GIT_SSH_COMMAND'::
+	If either of these environment variables is set then 'git fetch'
+	and 'git push' will use the specified command instead of 'ssh'
+	when they need to connect to a remote system.
+	The command will be given exactly two or four arguments: the
+	'username@host' (or just 'host') from the URL and the shell
+	command to execute on that remote system, optionally preceded by
+	'-p' (literally) and the 'port' from the URL when it specifies
+	something other than the default SSH port.
 +
-To pass options to the program that you want to list in GIT_SSH
-you will need to wrap the program and options into a shell script,
-then set GIT_SSH to refer to the shell script.
+`$GIT_SSH_COMMAND` takes precedence over `$GIT_SSH`, and is interpreted
+by the shell, which allows additional arguments to be included.
+`$GIT_SSH` on the other hand must be just the path to a program
+(which can be a wrapper shell script, if additional arguments are
+needed).
 +
 Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
 personal `.ssh/config` file.  Please consult your ssh documentation
@@ -897,9 +970,13 @@
 	If this environment variable is set, then Git commands which need to
 	acquire passwords or passphrases (e.g. for HTTP or IMAP authentication)
 	will call this program with a suitable prompt as command-line argument
-	and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the 'core.askpass'
+	and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the 'core.askPass'
 	option in linkgit:git-config[1].
 
+'GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT'::
+	If this environment variable is set to `0`, git will not prompt
+	on the terminal (e.g., when asking for HTTP authentication).
+
 'GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM'::
 	Whether to skip reading settings from the system-wide
 	`$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig` file.  This environment variable can
@@ -951,9 +1028,20 @@
 	Enables trace messages for all packets coming in or out of a
 	given program. This can help with debugging object negotiation
 	or other protocol issues. Tracing is turned off at a packet
-	starting with "PACK".
+	starting with "PACK" (but see 'GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE' below).
 	See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
 
+'GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE'::
+	Enables tracing of packfiles sent or received by a
+	given program. Unlike other trace output, this trace is
+	verbatim: no headers, and no quoting of binary data. You almost
+	certainly want to direct into a file (e.g.,
+	`GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE=/tmp/my.pack`) rather than displaying it on
+	the terminal or mixing it with other trace output.
++
+Note that this is currently only implemented for the client side
+of clones and fetches.
+
 'GIT_TRACE_PERFORMANCE'::
 	Enables performance related trace messages, e.g. total execution
 	time of each Git command.
@@ -969,7 +1057,7 @@
 	cloning of shallow repositories.
 	See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
 
-GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS::
+'GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS'::
 	Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
 	pathspecs literally, rather than as glob patterns. For example,
 	running `GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS=1 git log -- '*.c'` will search
@@ -978,15 +1066,15 @@
 	literal paths to Git (e.g., paths previously given to you by
 	`git ls-tree`, `--raw` diff output, etc).
 
-GIT_GLOB_PATHSPECS::
+'GIT_GLOB_PATHSPECS'::
 	Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
 	pathspecs as glob patterns (aka "glob" magic).
 
-GIT_NOGLOB_PATHSPECS::
+'GIT_NOGLOB_PATHSPECS'::
 	Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
 	pathspecs as literal (aka "literal" magic).
 
-GIT_ICASE_PATHSPECS::
+'GIT_ICASE_PATHSPECS'::
 	Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
 	pathspecs as case-insensitive.
 
@@ -1000,6 +1088,44 @@
 	variable when it is invoked as the top level command by the
 	end user, to be recorded in the body of the reflog.
 
+'GIT_REF_PARANOIA'::
+	If set to `1`, include broken or badly named refs when iterating
+	over lists of refs. In a normal, non-corrupted repository, this
+	does nothing. However, enabling it may help git to detect and
+	abort some operations in the presence of broken refs. Git sets
+	this variable automatically when performing destructive
+	operations like linkgit:git-prune[1]. You should not need to set
+	it yourself unless you want to be paranoid about making sure
+	an operation has touched every ref (e.g., because you are
+	cloning a repository to make a backup).
+
+'GIT_ALLOW_PROTOCOL'::
+	If set, provide a colon-separated list of protocols which are
+	allowed to be used with fetch/push/clone. This is useful to
+	restrict recursive submodule initialization from an untrusted
+	repository. Any protocol not mentioned will be disallowed (i.e.,
+	this is a whitelist, not a blacklist). If the variable is not
+	set at all, all protocols are enabled.  The protocol names
+	currently used by git are:
+
+	  - `file`: any local file-based path (including `file://` URLs,
+	    or local paths)
+
+	  - `git`: the anonymous git protocol over a direct TCP
+	    connection (or proxy, if configured)
+
+	  - `ssh`: git over ssh (including `host:path` syntax,
+	    `git+ssh://`, etc).
+
+	  - `rsync`: git over rsync
+
+	  - `http`: git over http, both "smart http" and "dumb http".
+	    Note that this does _not_ include `https`; if you want both,
+	    you should specify both as `http:https`.
+
+	  - any external helpers are named by their protocol (e.g., use
+	    `hg` to allow the `git-remote-hg` helper)
+
 
 Discussion[[Discussion]]
 ------------------------
@@ -1098,7 +1224,7 @@
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:gittutorial[7], linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
-link:everyday.html[Everyday Git], linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
+linkgit:giteveryday[7], linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
 linkgit:gitglossary[7], linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7],
 linkgit:gitcli[7], link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual],
 linkgit:gitworkflows[7]
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index 9b45bda..e3b1de8 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@
 repositories (i.e., attributes of interest to all users) should go into
 `.gitattributes` files. Attributes that should affect all repositories
 for a single user should be placed in a file specified by the
-`core.attributesfile` configuration option (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+`core.attributesFile` configuration option (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
 Its default value is $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME
 is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
 Attributes for all users on a system should be placed in the
@@ -527,6 +527,8 @@
 
 - `fortran` suitable for source code in the Fortran language.
 
+- `fountain` suitable for Fountain documents.
+
 - `html` suitable for HTML/XHTML documents.
 
 - `java` suitable for source code in the Java language.
@@ -665,7 +667,7 @@
 may want to override its decision, either because a blob contains binary
 data later in the file, or because the content, while technically
 composed of text characters, is opaque to a human reader. For example,
-many postscript files contain only ascii characters, but produce noisy
+many postscript files contain only ASCII characters, but produce noisy
 and meaningless diffs.
 
 The simplest way to mark a file as binary is to unset the diff
@@ -680,7 +682,7 @@
 
 However, one may also want to specify other diff driver attributes. For
 example, you might want to use `textconv` to convert postscript files to
-an ascii representation for human viewing, but otherwise treat them as
+an ASCII representation for human viewing, but otherwise treat them as
 binary files. You cannot specify both `-diff` and `diff=ps` attributes.
 The solution is to use the `diff.*.binary` config option:
 
@@ -774,7 +776,7 @@
 ----------------------------------------------------------------
 [merge "filfre"]
 	name = feel-free merge driver
-	driver = filfre %O %A %B
+	driver = filfre %O %A %B %L %P
 	recursive = binary
 ----------------------------------------------------------------
 
@@ -800,6 +802,9 @@
 When left unspecified, the driver itself is used for both
 internal merge and the final merge.
 
+The merge driver can learn the pathname in which the merged result
+will be stored via placeholder `%P`.
+
 
 `conflict-marker-size`
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
index d2d7c21..36e9ab3 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@
 @@ -1 +1,2 @@
  Hello World
 +It's a new day for git
-----
+------------
 
 i.e. the diff of the change we caused by adding another line to `hello`.
 
@@ -1667,7 +1667,7 @@
 linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
 linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
 linkgit:git-help[1],
-link:everyday.html[Everyday git],
+linkgit:giteveryday[7],
 link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
 
 GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
index 47576be..1c75be0 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
    to the program on the command line, and the user's input is read
    from its standard output.
 
-2. Otherwise, if the `core.askpass` configuration variable is set, its
+2. Otherwise, if the `core.askPass` configuration variable is set, its
    value is used as above.
 
 3. Otherwise, if the `SSH_ASKPASS` environment variable is set, its
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt b/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
index 5f4e890..b06e852 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@
 linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
 linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7],
 linkgit:gitglossary[7],
-link:everyday.html[Everyday Git],
+linkgit:giteveryday[7],
 link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
 
 GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
index c8b3e51..c579593 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@
 files:
 
  - 'git diff-index' compares contents of a "tree" object and the
-   working directory (when '\--cached' flag is not used) or a
-   "tree" object and the index file (when '\--cached' flag is
+   working directory (when '--cached' flag is not used) or a
+   "tree" object and the index file (when '--cached' flag is
    used);
 
  - 'git diff-files' compares contents of the index file and the
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@
 
 When the "-C" option is used, the original contents of modified files,
 and deleted files (and also unmodified files, if the
-"\--find-copies-harder" option is used) are considered as candidates
+"--find-copies-harder" option is used) are considered as candidates
 of the source files in rename/copy operation.  If the input were like
 these filepairs, that talk about a modified file fileY and a newly
 created file file0:
diff --git a/Documentation/giteveryday.txt b/Documentation/giteveryday.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..35473ad
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/giteveryday.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,455 @@
+giteveryday(7)
+==============
+
+NAME
+----
+giteveryday - A useful minimum set of commands for Everyday Git
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+
+Everyday Git With 20 Commands Or So
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+Git users can broadly be grouped into four categories for the purposes of
+describing here a small set of useful command for everyday Git.
+
+*	<<STANDALONE,Individual Developer (Standalone)>> commands are essential
+	for anybody who makes a commit, even for somebody who works alone.
+
+*	If you work with other people, you will need commands listed in
+	the <<PARTICIPANT,Individual Developer (Participant)>> section as well.
+
+*	People who play the <<INTEGRATOR,Integrator>> role need to learn some
+	more commands in addition to the above.
+
+*	<<ADMINISTRATION,Repository Administration>> commands are for system
+	administrators who are responsible for the care and feeding
+	of Git repositories.
+
+
+Individual Developer (Standalone)[[STANDALONE]]
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+A standalone individual developer does not exchange patches with
+other people, and works alone in a single repository, using the
+following commands.
+
+  * linkgit:git-init[1] to create a new repository.
+
+  * linkgit:git-log[1] to see what happened.
+
+  * linkgit:git-checkout[1] and linkgit:git-branch[1] to switch
+    branches.
+
+  * linkgit:git-add[1] to manage the index file.
+
+  * linkgit:git-diff[1] and linkgit:git-status[1] to see what
+    you are in the middle of doing.
+
+  * linkgit:git-commit[1] to advance the current branch.
+
+  * linkgit:git-reset[1] and linkgit:git-checkout[1] (with
+    pathname parameters) to undo changes.
+
+  * linkgit:git-merge[1] to merge between local branches.
+
+  * linkgit:git-rebase[1] to maintain topic branches.
+
+  * linkgit:git-tag[1] to mark a known point.
+
+Examples
+~~~~~~~~
+
+Use a tarball as a starting point for a new repository.::
++
+------------
+$ tar zxf frotz.tar.gz
+$ cd frotz
+$ git init
+$ git add . <1>
+$ git commit -m "import of frotz source tree."
+$ git tag v2.43 <2>
+------------
++
+<1> add everything under the current directory.
+<2> make a lightweight, unannotated tag.
+
+Create a topic branch and develop.::
++
+------------
+$ git checkout -b alsa-audio <1>
+$ edit/compile/test
+$ git checkout -- curses/ux_audio_oss.c <2>
+$ git add curses/ux_audio_alsa.c <3>
+$ edit/compile/test
+$ git diff HEAD <4>
+$ git commit -a -s <5>
+$ edit/compile/test
+$ git diff HEAD^ <6>
+$ git commit -a --amend <7>
+$ git checkout master <8>
+$ git merge alsa-audio <9>
+$ git log --since='3 days ago' <10>
+$ git log v2.43.. curses/ <11>
+------------
++
+<1> create a new topic branch.
+<2> revert your botched changes in `curses/ux_audio_oss.c`.
+<3> you need to tell Git if you added a new file; removal and
+modification will be caught if you do `git commit -a` later.
+<4> to see what changes you are committing.
+<5> commit everything, as you have tested, with your sign-off.
+<6> look at all your changes including the previous commit.
+<7> amend the previous commit, adding all your new changes,
+using your original message.
+<8> switch to the master branch.
+<9> merge a topic branch into your master branch.
+<10> review commit logs; other forms to limit output can be
+combined and include `-10` (to show up to 10 commits),
+`--until=2005-12-10`, etc.
+<11> view only the changes that touch what's in `curses/`
+directory, since `v2.43` tag.
+
+
+Individual Developer (Participant)[[PARTICIPANT]]
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+A developer working as a participant in a group project needs to
+learn how to communicate with others, and uses these commands in
+addition to the ones needed by a standalone developer.
+
+  * linkgit:git-clone[1] from the upstream to prime your local
+    repository.
+
+  * linkgit:git-pull[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1] from "origin"
+    to keep up-to-date with the upstream.
+
+  * linkgit:git-push[1] to shared repository, if you adopt CVS
+    style shared repository workflow.
+
+  * linkgit:git-format-patch[1] to prepare e-mail submission, if
+    you adopt Linux kernel-style public forum workflow.
+
+  * linkgit:git-send-email[1] to send your e-mail submission without
+    corruption by your MUA.
+
+  * linkgit:git-request-pull[1] to create a summary of changes
+    for your upstream to pull.
+
+
+Examples
+~~~~~~~~
+
+Clone the upstream and work on it.  Feed changes to upstream.::
++
+------------
+$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../torvalds/linux-2.6 my2.6
+$ cd my2.6
+$ git checkout -b mine master <1>
+$ edit/compile/test; git commit -a -s <2>
+$ git format-patch master <3>
+$ git send-email --to="person <email@example.com>" 00*.patch <4>
+$ git checkout master <5>
+$ git pull <6>
+$ git log -p ORIG_HEAD.. arch/i386 include/asm-i386 <7>
+$ git ls-remote --heads http://git.kernel.org/.../jgarzik/libata-dev.git <8>
+$ git pull git://git.kernel.org/pub/.../jgarzik/libata-dev.git ALL <9>
+$ git reset --hard ORIG_HEAD <10>
+$ git gc <11>
+------------
++
+<1> checkout a new branch `mine` from master.
+<2> repeat as needed.
+<3> extract patches from your branch, relative to master,
+<4> and email them.
+<5> return to `master`, ready to see what's new
+<6> `git pull` fetches from `origin` by default and merges into the
+current branch.
+<7> immediately after pulling, look at the changes done upstream
+since last time we checked, only in the
+area we are interested in.
+<8> check the branch names in an external repository (if not known).
+<9> fetch from a specific branch `ALL` from a specific repository
+and merge it.
+<10> revert the pull.
+<11> garbage collect leftover objects from reverted pull.
+
+
+Push into another repository.::
++
+------------
+satellite$ git clone mothership:frotz frotz <1>
+satellite$ cd frotz
+satellite$ git config --get-regexp '^(remote|branch)\.' <2>
+remote.origin.url mothership:frotz
+remote.origin.fetch refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
+branch.master.remote origin
+branch.master.merge refs/heads/master
+satellite$ git config remote.origin.push \
+	   +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/satellite/* <3>
+satellite$ edit/compile/test/commit
+satellite$ git push origin <4>
+
+mothership$ cd frotz
+mothership$ git checkout master
+mothership$ git merge satellite/master <5>
+------------
++
+<1> mothership machine has a frotz repository under your home
+directory; clone from it to start a repository on the satellite
+machine.
+<2> clone sets these configuration variables by default.
+It arranges `git pull` to fetch and store the branches of mothership
+machine to local `remotes/origin/*` remote-tracking branches.
+<3> arrange `git push` to push all local branches to
+their corresponding branch of the mothership machine.
+<4> push will stash all our work away on `remotes/satellite/*`
+remote-tracking branches on the mothership machine.  You could use this
+as a back-up method. Likewise, you can pretend that mothership
+"fetched" from you (useful when access is one sided).
+<5> on mothership machine, merge the work done on the satellite
+machine into the master branch.
+
+Branch off of a specific tag.::
++
+------------
+$ git checkout -b private2.6.14 v2.6.14 <1>
+$ edit/compile/test; git commit -a
+$ git checkout master
+$ git cherry-pick v2.6.14..private2.6.14 <2>
+------------
++
+<1> create a private branch based on a well known (but somewhat behind)
+tag.
+<2> forward port all changes in `private2.6.14` branch to `master` branch
+without a formal "merging". Or longhand +
+`git format-patch -k -m --stdout v2.6.14..private2.6.14 |
+  git am -3 -k`
+
+An alternate participant submission mechanism is using the
+`git request-pull` or pull-request mechanisms (e.g as used on
+GitHub (www.github.com) to notify your upstream of your
+contribution.
+
+Integrator[[INTEGRATOR]]
+------------------------
+
+A fairly central person acting as the integrator in a group
+project receives changes made by others, reviews and integrates
+them and publishes the result for others to use, using these
+commands in addition to the ones needed by participants.
+
+This section can also be used by those who respond to `git
+request-pull` or pull-request on GitHub (www.github.com) to
+integrate the work of others into their history. An sub-area
+lieutenant for a repository will act both as a participant and
+as an integrator.
+
+
+  * linkgit:git-am[1] to apply patches e-mailed in from your
+    contributors.
+
+  * linkgit:git-pull[1] to merge from your trusted lieutenants.
+
+  * linkgit:git-format-patch[1] to prepare and send suggested
+    alternative to contributors.
+
+  * linkgit:git-revert[1] to undo botched commits.
+
+  * linkgit:git-push[1] to publish the bleeding edge.
+
+
+Examples
+~~~~~~~~
+
+A typical integrator's Git day.::
++
+------------
+$ git status <1>
+$ git branch --no-merged master <2>
+$ mailx <3>
+& s 2 3 4 5 ./+to-apply
+& s 7 8 ./+hold-linus
+& q
+$ git checkout -b topic/one master
+$ git am -3 -i -s ./+to-apply <4>
+$ compile/test
+$ git checkout -b hold/linus && git am -3 -i -s ./+hold-linus <5>
+$ git checkout topic/one && git rebase master <6>
+$ git checkout pu && git reset --hard next <7>
+$ git merge topic/one topic/two && git merge hold/linus <8>
+$ git checkout maint
+$ git cherry-pick master~4 <9>
+$ compile/test
+$ git tag -s -m "GIT 0.99.9x" v0.99.9x <10>
+$ git fetch ko && for branch in master maint next pu <11>
+    do
+	git show-branch ko/$branch $branch <12>
+    done
+$ git push --follow-tags ko <13>
+------------
++
+<1> see what you were in the middle of doing, if anything.
+<2> see which branches haven't been merged into `master` yet.
+Likewise for any other integration branches e.g. `maint`, `next`
+and `pu` (potential updates).
+<3> read mails, save ones that are applicable, and save others
+that are not quite ready (other mail readers are available).
+<4> apply them, interactively, with your sign-offs.
+<5> create topic branch as needed and apply, again with sign-offs.
+<6> rebase internal topic branch that has not been merged to the
+master or exposed as a part of a stable branch.
+<7> restart `pu` every time from the next.
+<8> and bundle topic branches still cooking.
+<9> backport a critical fix.
+<10> create a signed tag.
+<11> make sure master was not accidentally rewound beyond that
+already pushed out.  `ko` shorthand points at the Git maintainer's
+repository at kernel.org, and looks like this:
++
+------------
+(in .git/config)
+[remote "ko"]
+	url = kernel.org:/pub/scm/git/git.git
+	fetch = refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/ko/*
+	push = refs/heads/master
+	push = refs/heads/next
+	push = +refs/heads/pu
+	push = refs/heads/maint
+------------
++
+<12> In the output from `git show-branch`, `master` should have
+everything `ko/master` has, and `next` should have
+everything `ko/next` has, etc.
+<13> push out the bleeding edge, together with new tags that point
+into the pushed history.
+
+
+Repository Administration[[ADMINISTRATION]]
+-------------------------------------------
+
+A repository administrator uses the following tools to set up
+and maintain access to the repository by developers.
+
+  * linkgit:git-daemon[1] to allow anonymous download from
+    repository.
+
+  * linkgit:git-shell[1] can be used as a 'restricted login shell'
+    for shared central repository users.
+
+  * linkgit:git-http-backend[1] provides a server side implementation
+    of Git-over-HTTP ("Smart http") allowing both fetch and push services.
+
+  * linkgit:gitweb[1] provides a web front-end to Git repositories,
+    which can be set-up using the linkgit:git-instaweb[1] script.
+
+link:howto/update-hook-example.html[update hook howto] has a good
+example of managing a shared central repository.
+
+In addition there are a number of other widely deployed hosting, browsing
+and reviewing solutions such as:
+
+  * gitolite, gerrit code review, cgit and others.
+
+Examples
+~~~~~~~~
+We assume the following in /etc/services::
++
+------------
+$ grep 9418 /etc/services
+git		9418/tcp		# Git Version Control System
+------------
+
+Run git-daemon to serve /pub/scm from inetd.::
++
+------------
+$ grep git /etc/inetd.conf
+git	stream	tcp	nowait	nobody \
+  /usr/bin/git-daemon git-daemon --inetd --export-all /pub/scm
+------------
++
+The actual configuration line should be on one line.
+
+Run git-daemon to serve /pub/scm from xinetd.::
++
+------------
+$ cat /etc/xinetd.d/git-daemon
+# default: off
+# description: The Git server offers access to Git repositories
+service git
+{
+	disable = no
+	type            = UNLISTED
+	port            = 9418
+	socket_type     = stream
+	wait            = no
+	user            = nobody
+	server          = /usr/bin/git-daemon
+	server_args     = --inetd --export-all --base-path=/pub/scm
+	log_on_failure  += USERID
+}
+------------
++
+Check your xinetd(8) documentation and setup, this is from a Fedora system.
+Others might be different.
+
+Give push/pull only access to developers using git-over-ssh.::
+
+e.g. those using:
+`$ git push/pull ssh://host.xz/pub/scm/project`
++
+------------
+$ grep git /etc/passwd <1>
+alice:x:1000:1000::/home/alice:/usr/bin/git-shell
+bob:x:1001:1001::/home/bob:/usr/bin/git-shell
+cindy:x:1002:1002::/home/cindy:/usr/bin/git-shell
+david:x:1003:1003::/home/david:/usr/bin/git-shell
+$ grep git /etc/shells <2>
+/usr/bin/git-shell
+------------
++
+<1> log-in shell is set to /usr/bin/git-shell, which does not
+allow anything but `git push` and `git pull`.  The users require
+ssh access to the machine.
+<2> in many distributions /etc/shells needs to list what is used
+as the login shell.
+
+CVS-style shared repository.::
++
+------------
+$ grep git /etc/group <1>
+git:x:9418:alice,bob,cindy,david
+$ cd /home/devo.git
+$ ls -l <2>
+  lrwxrwxrwx   1 david git    17 Dec  4 22:40 HEAD -> refs/heads/master
+  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 branches
+  -rw-rw-r--   1 david git    84 Dec  4 22:40 config
+  -rw-rw-r--   1 david git    58 Dec  4 22:40 description
+  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 hooks
+  -rw-rw-r--   1 david git 37504 Dec  4 22:40 index
+  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 info
+  drwxrwsr-x   4 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 objects
+  drwxrwsr-x   4 david git  4096 Nov  7 14:58 refs
+  drwxrwsr-x   2 david git  4096 Dec  4 22:40 remotes
+$ ls -l hooks/update <3>
+  -r-xr-xr-x   1 david git  3536 Dec  4 22:40 update
+$ cat info/allowed-users <4>
+refs/heads/master	alice\|cindy
+refs/heads/doc-update	bob
+refs/tags/v[0-9]*	david
+------------
++
+<1> place the developers into the same git group.
+<2> and make the shared repository writable by the group.
+<3> use update-hook example by Carl from Documentation/howto/
+for branch policy control.
+<4> alice and cindy can push into master, only bob can push into doc-update.
+david is the release manager and is the only person who can
+create and push version tags.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/gitglossary.txt b/Documentation/gitglossary.txt
index e52de7d..212e254 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitglossary.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitglossary.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@
 linkgit:gittutorial[7],
 linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
 linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
-link:everyday.html[Everyday Git],
+linkgit:giteveryday[7],
 link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
 
 GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index d954bf6..7ba0ac9 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -175,7 +175,7 @@
 
 This hook can be used in conjunction with a corresponding pre-commit hook to
 save and restore any form of metadata associated with the working tree
-(eg: permissions/ownership, ACLS, etc).  See contrib/hooks/setgitperms.perl
+(e.g.: permissions/ownership, ACLS, etc).  See contrib/hooks/setgitperms.perl
 for an example of how to do this.
 
 pre-push
@@ -341,6 +341,36 @@
 'git send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
 for the user.
 
+push-to-checkout
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+This hook is invoked by 'git-receive-pack' on the remote repository,
+which happens when a 'git push' is done on a local repository, when
+the push tries to update the branch that is currently checked out
+and the `receive.denyCurrentBranch` configuration variable is set to
+`updateInstead`.  Such a push by default is refused if the working
+tree and the index of the remote repository has any difference from
+the currently checked out commit; when both the working tree and the
+index match the current commit, they are updated to match the newly
+pushed tip of the branch.  This hook is to be used to override the
+default behaviour.
+
+The hook receives the commit with which the tip of the current
+branch is going to be updated.  It can exit with a non-zero status
+to refuse the push (when it does so, it must not modify the index or
+the working tree).  Or it can make any necessary changes to the
+working tree and to the index to bring them to the desired state
+when the tip of the current branch is updated to the new commit, and
+exit with a zero status.
+
+For example, the hook can simply run `git read-tree -u -m HEAD "$1"`
+in order to emulate 'git fetch' that is run in the reverse direction
+with `git push`, as the two-tree form of `read-tree -u -m` is
+essentially the same as `git checkout` that switches branches while
+keeping the local changes in the working tree that do not interfere
+with the difference between the branches.
+
+
 pre-auto-gc
 ~~~~~~~~~~~
 
diff --git a/Documentation/gitignore.txt b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
index 8734c15..473623d 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
  * Patterns read from `$GIT_DIR/info/exclude`.
 
  * Patterns read from the file specified by the configuration
-   variable 'core.excludesfile'.
+   variable 'core.excludesFile'.
 
 Which file to place a pattern in depends on how the pattern is meant to
 be used.
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@
  * Patterns which a user wants Git to
    ignore in all situations (e.g., backup or temporary files generated by
    the user's editor of choice) generally go into a file specified by
-   `core.excludesfile` in the user's `~/.gitconfig`. Its default value is
+   `core.excludesFile` in the user's `~/.gitconfig`. Its default value is
    $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/ignore. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or
    empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore is used instead.
 
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@
    Put a backslash ("`\`") in front of the first hash for patterns
    that begin with a hash.
 
- - Trailing spaces are ignored unless they are quoted with backlash
+ - Trailing spaces are ignored unless they are quoted with backslash
    ("`\`").
 
  - An optional prefix "`!`" which negates the pattern; any
@@ -138,9 +138,6 @@
 The purpose of gitignore files is to ensure that certain files
 not tracked by Git remain untracked.
 
-To ignore uncommitted changes in a file that is already tracked,
-use 'git update-index {litdd}assume-unchanged'.
-
 To stop tracking a file that is currently tracked, use
 'git rm --cached'.
 
@@ -203,7 +200,6 @@
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:git-rm[1],
-linkgit:git-update-index[1],
 linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5],
 linkgit:git-check-ignore[1]
 
diff --git a/Documentation/gitk.txt b/Documentation/gitk.txt
index 7ae50aa..6ade002 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitk.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitk.txt
@@ -99,10 +99,10 @@
 	detailed explanation.)
 
 -L<start>,<end>:<file>::
--L:<regex>:<file>::
+-L:<funcname>:<file>::
 
 	Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
-	(or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>.  You may
+	(or the function name regex <funcname>) within the <file>.  You may
 	not give any pathspec limiters.  This is currently limited to
 	a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
 	give zero or one positive revision arguments.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
index f6c0dfd..ac70eca 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
@@ -38,18 +38,15 @@
 In addition, there are a number of optional keys:
 
 submodule.<name>.update::
-	Defines what to do when the submodule is updated by the superproject.
-	If 'checkout' (the default), the new commit specified in the
-	superproject will be checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD.
-	If 'rebase', the current branch of the submodule will be rebased onto
-	the commit specified in the superproject. If 'merge', the commit
-	specified in the superproject will be merged into the current branch
-	in the submodule.
-	If 'none', the submodule with name `$name` will not be updated
-	by default.
-
-	This config option is overridden if 'git submodule update' is given
-	the '--merge', '--rebase' or '--checkout' options.
+	Defines the default update procedure for the named submodule,
+	i.e. how the submodule is updated by "git submodule update"
+	command in the superproject. This is only used by `git
+	submodule init` to initialize the configuration variable of
+	the same name. Allowed values here are 'checkout', 'rebase',
+	'merge' or 'none'. See description of 'update' command in
+	linkgit:git-submodule[1] for their meaning. Note that the
+	'!command' form is intentionally ignored here for security
+	reasons.
 
 submodule.<name>.branch::
 	A remote branch name for tracking updates in the upstream submodule.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
index 64f7ad2..78e0b27 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
@@ -408,14 +408,14 @@
 	of <n> correspond to the number of -v flags passed on the
 	command line.
 
-'option progress' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option progress' {'true'|'false'}::
 	Enables (or disables) progress messages displayed by the
 	transport helper during a command.
 
 'option depth' <depth>::
 	Deepens the history of a shallow repository.
 
-'option followtags' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option followtags' {'true'|'false'}::
 	If enabled the helper should automatically fetch annotated
 	tag objects if the object the tag points at was transferred
 	during the fetch command.  If the tag is not fetched by
@@ -423,7 +423,7 @@
 	ask for the tag specifically.  Some helpers may be able to
 	use this option to avoid a second network connection.
 
-'option dry-run' \{'true'|'false'\}:
+'option dry-run' {'true'|'false'}:
 	If true, pretend the operation completed successfully,
 	but don't actually change any repository data.	For most
 	helpers this only applies to the 'push', if supported.
@@ -434,26 +434,35 @@
 	must not rely on this option being set before
 	connect request occurs.
 
-'option check-connectivity' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option check-connectivity' {'true'|'false'}::
 	Request the helper to check connectivity of a clone.
 
-'option force' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option force' {'true'|'false'}::
 	Request the helper to perform a force update.  Defaults to
 	'false'.
 
-'option cloning \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option cloning {'true'|'false'}::
 	Notify the helper this is a clone request (i.e. the current
 	repository is guaranteed empty).
 
-'option update-shallow \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option update-shallow {'true'|'false'}::
 	Allow to extend .git/shallow if the new refs require it.
 
+'option pushcert {'true'|'false'}::
+	GPG sign pushes.
+
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:git-remote[1]
 
+linkgit:git-remote-ext[1]
+
+linkgit:git-remote-fd[1]
+
 linkgit:git-remote-testgit[1]
 
+linkgit:git-fast-import[1]
+
 GIT
 ---
 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
index 79653f3..577ee84 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
@@ -46,6 +46,9 @@
 use with dumb transports but otherwise is OK as long as
 `objects/info/alternates` points at the object stores it
 borrows from.
++
+This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/objects" will be used instead.
 
 objects/[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]::
 	A newly created object is stored in its own file.
@@ -92,7 +95,8 @@
 	References are stored in subdirectories of this
 	directory.  The 'git prune' command knows to preserve
 	objects reachable from refs found in this directory and
-	its subdirectories.
+	its subdirectories. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
+	is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/refs" will be used instead.
 
 refs/heads/`name`::
 	records tip-of-the-tree commit objects of branch `name`
@@ -114,7 +118,8 @@
 packed-refs::
 	records the same information as refs/heads/, refs/tags/,
 	and friends record in a more efficient way.  See
-	linkgit:git-pack-refs[1].
+	linkgit:git-pack-refs[1]. This file is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
+	is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/packed-refs" will be used instead.
 
 HEAD::
 	A symref (see glossary) to the `refs/heads/` namespace
@@ -133,6 +138,11 @@
 is often called 'detached HEAD.'  See linkgit:git-checkout[1]
 for details.
 
+config::
+	Repository specific configuration file. This file is ignored
+	if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/config" will be
+	used instead.
+
 branches::
 	A slightly deprecated way to store shorthands to be used
 	to specify a URL to 'git fetch', 'git pull' and 'git push'.
@@ -140,7 +150,10 @@
 	'name' can be given to these commands in place of
 	'repository' argument.  See the REMOTES section in
 	linkgit:git-fetch[1] for details.  This mechanism is legacy
-	and not likely to be found in modern repositories.
+	and not likely to be found in modern repositories. This
+	directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+	"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/branches" will be used instead.
+
 
 hooks::
 	Hooks are customization scripts used by various Git
@@ -149,7 +162,9 @@
 	default.  To enable, the `.sample` suffix has to be
 	removed from the filename by renaming.
 	Read linkgit:githooks[5] for more details about
-	each hook.
+	each hook. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set
+	and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/hooks" will be used instead.
+
 
 index::
 	The current index file for the repository.  It is
@@ -161,7 +176,8 @@
 
 info::
 	Additional information about the repository is recorded
-	in this directory.
+	in this directory. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
+	is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/index" will be used instead.
 
 info/refs::
 	This file helps dumb transports discover what refs are
@@ -201,12 +217,15 @@
 	when interacting with remote repositories via 'git fetch',
 	'git pull' and 'git push' commands.  See the REMOTES section
 	in linkgit:git-fetch[1] for details.  This mechanism is legacy
-	and not likely to be found in modern repositories.
+	and not likely to be found in modern repositories. This
+	directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+	"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/remotes" will be used instead.
 
 logs::
-	Records of changes made to refs are stored in this
-	directory.  See linkgit:git-update-ref[1]
-	for more information.
+	Records of changes made to refs are stored in this directory.
+	See linkgit:git-update-ref[1] for more information. This
+	directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+	"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/logs" will be used instead.
 
 logs/refs/heads/`name`::
 	Records all changes made to the branch tip named `name`.
@@ -217,11 +236,46 @@
 shallow::
 	This is similar to `info/grafts` but is internally used
 	and maintained by shallow clone mechanism.  See `--depth`
-	option to linkgit:git-clone[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1].
+	option to linkgit:git-clone[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1]. This
+	file is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+	"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/shallow" will be used instead.
+
+commondir::
+	If this file exists, $GIT_COMMON_DIR (see linkgit:git[1]) will
+	be set to the path specified in this file if it is not
+	explicitly set. If the specified path is relative, it is
+	relative to $GIT_DIR. The repository with commondir is
+	incomplete without the repository pointed by "commondir".
 
 modules::
 	Contains the git-repositories of the submodules.
 
+worktrees::
+	Contains administrative data for linked
+	working trees. Each subdirectory contains the working tree-related
+	part of a linked working tree. This directory is ignored if
+	$GIT_COMMON_DIR is set, in which case
+	"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/worktrees" will be used instead.
+
+worktrees/<id>/gitdir::
+	A text file containing the absolute path back to the .git file
+	that points to here. This is used to check if the linked
+	repository has been manually removed and there is no need to
+	keep this directory any more. The mtime of this file should be
+	updated every time the linked repository is accessed.
+
+worktrees/<id>/locked::
+	If this file exists, the linked working tree may be on a
+	portable device and not available. The presence of this file
+	prevents `worktrees/<id>` from being pruned either automatically
+	or manually by `git worktree prune`. The file may contain a string
+	explaining why the repository is locked.
+
+worktrees/<id>/link::
+	If this file exists, it is a hard link to the linked .git
+	file. It is used to detect if the linked repository is
+	manually removed.
+
 SEE ALSO
 --------
 linkgit:git-init[1],
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt b/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt
index c0ed6d1..e903eb7 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 gitrevisions(7)
-================
+===============
 
 NAME
 ----
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
index 3109ea8..30d2119 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
@@ -368,17 +368,18 @@
 
 ------------------------------------------------
 $ git status
-# On branch master
-# Changes to be committed:
-#   (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
-#
-#       new file: closing.txt
-#
-# Changes not staged for commit:
-#   (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
-#
-#       modified: file.txt
-#
+On branch master
+Changes to be committed:
+  (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
+
+	new file:   closing.txt
+
+Changes not staged for commit:
+  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
+  (use "git checkout -- <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
+
+	modified:   file.txt
+
 ------------------------------------------------
 
 Since the current state of closing.txt is cached in the index file,
@@ -403,7 +404,7 @@
 
 At this point you should know everything necessary to read the man
 pages for any of the git commands; one good place to start would be
-with the commands mentioned in link:everyday.html[Everyday Git].  You
+with the commands mentioned in linkgit:giteveryday[7].  You
 should be able to find any unknown jargon in linkgit:gitglossary[7].
 
 The link:user-manual.html[Git User's Manual] provides a more
@@ -427,7 +428,7 @@
 linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7],
 linkgit:gitglossary[7],
 linkgit:git-help[1],
-link:everyday.html[Everyday Git],
+linkgit:giteveryday[7],
 link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
 
 GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
index 8262196..b00c67d 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
 
 NAME
 ----
-gittutorial - A tutorial introduction to Git (for version 1.5.1 or newer)
+gittutorial - A tutorial introduction to Git
 
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
@@ -107,14 +107,15 @@
 
 ------------------------------------------------
 $ git status
-# On branch master
-# Changes to be committed:
-#   (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
-#
-#	modified:   file1
-#	modified:   file2
-#	modified:   file3
-#
+On branch master
+Changes to be committed:
+Your branch is up-to-date with 'origin/master'.
+  (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
+
+	modified:   file1
+	modified:   file2
+	modified:   file3
+
 ------------------------------------------------
 
 If you need to make any further adjustments, do so now, and then add any
@@ -656,7 +657,7 @@
   * linkgit:gitworkflows[7]: Gives an overview of recommended
     workflows.
 
-  * link:everyday.html[Everyday Git with 20 Commands Or So]
+  * linkgit:giteveryday[7]: Everyday Git with 20 Commands Or So.
 
   * linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7]: Git for CVS users.
 
@@ -668,7 +669,7 @@
 linkgit:gitglossary[7],
 linkgit:git-help[1],
 linkgit:gitworkflows[7],
-link:everyday.html[Everyday Git],
+linkgit:giteveryday[7],
 link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
 
 GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
index ebe7a6c..8a42270 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
@@ -482,12 +482,12 @@
 composed from `@git_base_url_list` elements and project name.
 +
 You can setup one single value (single entry/item in this list) at build
-time by setting the `GITWEB_BASE_URL` built-time configuration variable.
+time by setting the `GITWEB_BASE_URL` build-time configuration variable.
 By default it is set to (), i.e. an empty list.  This means that gitweb
 would not try to create project URL (to fetch) from project name.
 
 $projects_list_group_categories::
-	Whether to enables the grouping of projects by category on the project
+	Whether to enable the grouping of projects by category on the project
 	list page. The category of a project is determined by the
 	`$GIT_DIR/category` file or the `gitweb.category` variable in each
 	repository's configuration.  Disabled by default (set to 0).
@@ -706,7 +706,7 @@
 	I/O.  Enabled by default.
 +
 This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
-repository's `gitweb.showsizes` configuration variable (boolean).
+repository's `gitweb.showSizes` configuration variable (boolean).
 
 patches::
 	Enable and configure "patches" view, which displays list of commits in email
diff --git a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
index 4e0b971..8c6478b 100644
--- a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
+++ b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
@@ -329,7 +329,7 @@
 signature" letters (which optionally is terminated by another colon `:`),
 and the remainder is the pattern to match against the path.
 The "magic signature" consists of ASCII symbols that are neither
-alphanumeric, glob, regex special charaters nor colon.
+alphanumeric, glob, regex special characters nor colon.
 The optional colon that terminates the "magic signature" can be
 omitted if the pattern begins with a character that does not belong to
 "magic signature" symbol set and is not a colon.
@@ -411,6 +411,27 @@
 	core Git. Porcelains expose more of a <<def_SCM,SCM>>
 	interface than the <<def_plumbing,plumbing>>.
 
+[[def_per_worktree_ref]]per-worktree ref::
+	Refs that are per-<<def_working_tree,worktree>>, rather than
+	global.  This is presently only <<def_HEAD,HEAD>>, but might
+	later include other unusual refs.
+
+[[def_pseudoref]]pseudoref::
+	Pseudorefs are a class of files under `$GIT_DIR` which behave
+	like refs for the purposes of rev-parse, but which are treated
+	specially by git.  Pseudorefs both have names that are all-caps,
+	and always start with a line consisting of a
+	<<def_SHA1,SHA-1>> followed by whitespace.  So, HEAD is not a
+	pseudoref, because it is sometimes a symbolic ref.  They might
+	optionally contain some additional data.  `MERGE_HEAD` and
+	`CHERRY_PICK_HEAD` are examples.  Unlike
+	<<def_per_worktree_ref,per-worktree refs>>, these files cannot
+	be symbolic refs, and never have reflogs.  They also cannot be
+	updated through the normal ref update machinery.  Instead,
+	they are updated by directly writing to the files.  However,
+	they can be read as if they were refs, so `git rev-parse
+	MERGE_HEAD` will work.
+
 [[def_pull]]pull::
 	Pulling a <<def_branch,branch>> means to <<def_fetch,fetch>> it and
 	<<def_merge,merge>> it.  See also linkgit:git-pull[1].
@@ -469,6 +490,11 @@
 	<<def_push,push>> to describe the mapping between remote
 	<<def_ref,ref>> and local ref.
 
+[[def_remote]]remote repository::
+	A <<def_repository,repository>> which is used to track the same
+	project but resides somewhere else. To communicate with remotes,
+	see <<def_fetch,fetch>> or <<def_push,push>>.
+
 [[def_remote_tracking_branch]]remote-tracking branch::
 	A <<def_ref,ref>> that is used to follow changes from another
 	<<def_repository,repository>>. It typically looks like
@@ -515,6 +541,17 @@
 	is created by giving the `--depth` option to linkgit:git-clone[1], and
 	its history can be later deepened with linkgit:git-fetch[1].
 
+[[def_submodule]]submodule::
+	A <<def_repository,repository>> that holds the history of a
+	separate project inside another repository (the latter of
+	which is called <<def_superproject, superproject>>).
+
+[[def_superproject]]superproject::
+	A <<def_repository,repository>> that references repositories
+	of other projects in its working tree as <<def_submodule,submodules>>.
+	The superproject knows about the names of (but does not hold
+	copies of) commit objects of the contained submodules.
+
 [[def_symref]]symref::
 	Symbolic reference: instead of containing the <<def_SHA1,SHA-1>>
 	id itself, it is of the format 'ref: refs/some/thing' and when
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt b/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
index d7de5a3..6d772bd 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
@@ -95,7 +95,9 @@
 that categorizes commands by type, so they can be listed in appropriate
 subsections in the documentation's summary command list.  Add an entry
 for yours.  To understand the categories, look at git-commands.txt
-in the main directory.
+in the main directory.  If the new command is part of the typical Git
+workflow and you believe it common enough to be mentioned in 'git help',
+map this command to a common group in the column [common].
 
 7. Give the maintainer one paragraph to include in the RelNotes file
 to describe the new feature; a good place to do so is in the cover
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt b/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt
index 6f33dac..9c4cd09 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
 Reading the zlib source code, I found that "incorrect data check" means
 that the adler-32 checksum at the end of the zlib data did not match the
 inflated data. So stepping the data through zlib would not help, as it
-did not fail until the very end, when we realize the crc does not match.
+did not fail until the very end, when we realize the CRC does not match.
 The problematic bytes could be anywhere in the object data.
 
 The first thing I did was pull the broken data out of the packfile. I
@@ -195,7 +195,7 @@
 -------
 
 I let it run to completion, and got a few more hits at the end (where it
-was munging the crc to match our broken data). So there was a good
+was munging the CRC to match our broken data). So there was a good
 chance this middle hit was the source of the problem.
 
 I confirmed by tweaking the byte in a hex editor, zlib inflating the
@@ -240,3 +240,240 @@
 that easily could have gone undetected in another system. The result
 still compiled, but would have caused an interesting bug (that would
 have been blamed on some random commit).
+
+
+The adventure continues...
+--------------------------
+
+I ended up doing this again! Same entity, new hardware. The assumption
+at this point is that the old disk corrupted the packfile, and then the
+corruption was migrated to the new hardware (because it was done by
+rsync or similar, and no fsck was done at the time of migration).
+
+This time, the affected blob was over 20 megabytes, which was far too
+large to do a brute-force on. I followed the instructions above to
+create the `zlib` file. I then used the `inflate` program below to pull
+the corrupted data from that. Examining that output gave me a hint about
+where in the file the corruption was. But now I was working with the
+file itself, not the zlib contents. So knowing the sha1 of the object
+and the approximate area of the corruption, I used the `sha1-munge`
+program below to brute-force the correct byte.
+
+Here's the inflate program (it's essentially `gunzip` but without the
+`.gz` header processing):
+
+--------------------------
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <zlib.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	/*
+	 * oversized so we can read the whole buffer in;
+	 * this could actually be switched to streaming
+	 * to avoid any memory limitations
+	 */
+	static unsigned char buf[25 * 1024 * 1024];
+	static unsigned char out[25 * 1024 * 1024];
+	int len;
+	z_stream z;
+	int ret;
+
+	len = read(0, buf, sizeof(buf));
+	memset(&z, 0, sizeof(z));
+	inflateInit(&z);
+
+	z.next_in = buf;
+	z.avail_in = len;
+	z.next_out = out;
+	z.avail_out = sizeof(out);
+
+	ret = inflate(&z, 0);
+	if (ret != Z_OK && ret != Z_STREAM_END)
+		fprintf(stderr, "initial inflate failed (%d)\n", ret);
+
+	fprintf(stderr, "outputting %lu bytes", z.total_out);
+	fwrite(out, 1, z.total_out, stdout);
+	return 0;
+}
+--------------------------
+
+And here is the `sha1-munge` program:
+
+--------------------------
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <openssl/sha.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+/* eye candy */
+static int counter = 0;
+static void progress(int sig)
+{
+	fprintf(stderr, "\r%d", counter);
+	alarm(1);
+}
+
+static const signed char hexval_table[256] = {
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 00-07 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 08-0f */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 10-17 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 18-1f */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 20-27 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 28-2f */
+	  0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,		/* 30-37 */
+	  8,  9, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 38-3f */
+	 -1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, -1,		/* 40-47 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 48-4f */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 50-57 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 58-5f */
+	 -1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, -1,		/* 60-67 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 68-67 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 70-77 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 78-7f */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 80-87 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 88-8f */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 90-97 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 98-9f */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* a0-a7 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* a8-af */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* b0-b7 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* b8-bf */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* c0-c7 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* c8-cf */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* d0-d7 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* d8-df */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* e0-e7 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* e8-ef */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* f0-f7 */
+	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* f8-ff */
+};
+
+static inline unsigned int hexval(unsigned char c)
+{
+return hexval_table[c];
+}
+
+static int get_sha1_hex(const char *hex, unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	int i;
+	for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
+		unsigned int val;
+		/*
+		 * hex[1]=='\0' is caught when val is checked below,
+		 * but if hex[0] is NUL we have to avoid reading
+		 * past the end of the string:
+		 */
+		if (!hex[0])
+			return -1;
+		val = (hexval(hex[0]) << 4) | hexval(hex[1]);
+		if (val & ~0xff)
+			return -1;
+		*sha1++ = val;
+		hex += 2;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	/* oversized so we can read the whole buffer in */
+	static unsigned char buf[25 * 1024 * 1024];
+	char header[32];
+	int header_len;
+	unsigned char have[20], want[20];
+	int start, len;
+	SHA_CTX orig;
+	unsigned i, j;
+
+	if (!argv[1] || get_sha1_hex(argv[1], want)) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "usage: sha1-munge <sha1> [start] <file.in\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	if (argv[2])
+		start = atoi(argv[2]);
+	else
+		start = 0;
+
+	len = read(0, buf, sizeof(buf));
+	header_len = sprintf(header, "blob %d", len) + 1;
+	fprintf(stderr, "using header: %s\n", header);
+
+	/*
+	 * We keep a running sha1 so that if you are munging
+	 * near the end of the file, we do not have to re-sha1
+	 * the unchanged earlier bytes
+	 */
+	SHA1_Init(&orig);
+	SHA1_Update(&orig, header, header_len);
+	if (start)
+		SHA1_Update(&orig, buf, start);
+
+	signal(SIGALRM, progress);
+	alarm(1);
+
+	for (i = start; i < len; i++) {
+		unsigned char c;
+		SHA_CTX x;
+
+#if 0
+		/*
+		 * deletion -- this would not actually work in practice,
+		 * I think, because we've already committed to a
+		 * particular size in the header. Ditto for addition
+		 * below. In those cases, you'd have to do the whole
+		 * sha1 from scratch, or possibly keep three running
+		 * "orig" sha1 computations going.
+		 */
+		memcpy(&x, &orig, sizeof(x));
+		SHA1_Update(&x, buf + i + 1, len - i - 1);
+		SHA1_Final(have, &x);
+		if (!memcmp(have, want, 20))
+			printf("i=%d, deletion\n", i);
+#endif
+
+		/*
+		 * replacement -- note that this tries each of the 256
+		 * possible bytes. If you suspect a single-bit flip,
+		 * it would be much shorter to just try the 8
+		 * bit-flipped variants.
+		 */
+		c = buf[i];
+		for (j = 0; j <= 0xff; j++) {
+			buf[i] = j;
+
+			memcpy(&x, &orig, sizeof(x));
+			SHA1_Update(&x, buf + i, len - i);
+			SHA1_Final(have, &x);
+			if (!memcmp(have, want, 20))
+				printf("i=%d, j=%02x\n", i, j);
+		}
+		buf[i] = c;
+
+#if 0
+		/* addition */
+		for (j = 0; j <= 0xff; j++) {
+			unsigned char extra = j;
+			memcpy(&x, &orig, sizeof(x));
+			SHA1_Update(&x, &extra, 1);
+			SHA1_Update(&x, buf + i, len - i);
+			SHA1_Final(have, &x);
+			if (!memcmp(have, want, 20))
+				printf("i=%d, addition=%02x", i, j);
+		}
+#endif
+
+		SHA1_Update(&orig, buf + i, 1);
+		counter++;
+	}
+
+	alarm(0);
+	fprintf(stderr, "\r%d\n", counter);
+	return 0;
+}
+--------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/i18n.txt b/Documentation/i18n.txt
index e9a1d5d..2dd79db 100644
--- a/Documentation/i18n.txt
+++ b/Documentation/i18n.txt
@@ -1,18 +1,31 @@
-At the core level, Git is character encoding agnostic.
-
- - The pathnames recorded in the index and in the tree objects
-   are treated as uninterpreted sequences of non-NUL bytes.
-   What readdir(2) returns are what are recorded and compared
-   with the data Git keeps track of, which in turn are expected
-   to be what lstat(2) and creat(2) accepts.  There is no such
-   thing as pathname encoding translation.
+Git is to some extent character encoding agnostic.
 
  - The contents of the blob objects are uninterpreted sequences
    of bytes.  There is no encoding translation at the core
    level.
 
- - The commit log messages are uninterpreted sequences of non-NUL
-   bytes.
+ - Path names are encoded in UTF-8 normalization form C. This
+   applies to tree objects, the index file, ref names, as well as
+   path names in command line arguments, environment variables
+   and config files (`.git/config` (see linkgit:git-config[1]),
+   linkgit:gitignore[5], linkgit:gitattributes[5] and
+   linkgit:gitmodules[5]).
++
+Note that Git at the core level treats path names simply as
+sequences of non-NUL bytes, there are no path name encoding
+conversions (except on Mac and Windows). Therefore, using
+non-ASCII path names will mostly work even on platforms and file
+systems that use legacy extended ASCII encodings. However,
+repositories created on such systems will not work properly on
+UTF-8-based systems (e.g. Linux, Mac, Windows) and vice versa.
+Additionally, many Git-based tools simply assume path names to
+be UTF-8 and will fail to display other encodings correctly.
+
+ - Commit log messages are typically encoded in UTF-8, but other
+   extended ASCII encodings are also supported. This includes
+   ISO-8859-x, CP125x and many others, but _not_ UTF-16/32,
+   EBCDIC and CJK multi-byte encodings (GBK, Shift-JIS, Big5,
+   EUC-x, CP9xx etc.).
 
 Although we encourage that the commit log messages are encoded
 in UTF-8, both the core and Git Porcelain are designed not to
diff --git a/Documentation/line-range-format.txt b/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
index d7f2603..829676f 100644
--- a/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
@@ -22,8 +22,9 @@
 of lines before or after the line given by <start>.
 
 +
-If ``:<regex>'' is given in place of <start> and <end>, it denotes the range
-from the first funcname line that matches <regex>, up to the next
-funcname line. ``:<regex>'' searches from the end of the previous `-L` range,
-if any, otherwise from the start of file.
-``^:<regex>'' searches from the start of file.
+If ``:<funcname>'' is given in place of <start> and <end>, it is a
+regular expression that denotes the range from the first funcname line
+that matches <funcname>, up to the next funcname line. ``:<funcname>''
+searches from the end of the previous `-L` range, if any, otherwise
+from the start of file. ``^:<funcname>'' searches from the start of
+file.
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-config.txt b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
index d78d6d8..002ca58 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-merge.conflictstyle::
+merge.conflictStyle::
 	Specify the style in which conflicted hunks are written out to
 	working tree files upon merge.  The default is "merge", which
 	shows a `<<<<<<<` conflict marker, changes made by one side,
@@ -26,11 +26,7 @@
 	allowed (equivalent to giving the `--ff-only` option from the
 	command line).
 
-merge.log::
-	In addition to branch names, populate the log message with at
-	most the specified number of one-line descriptions from the
-	actual commits that are being merged.  Defaults to false, and
-	true is a synonym for 20.
+include::fmt-merge-msg-config.txt[]
 
 merge.renameLimit::
 	The number of files to consider when performing rename detection
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
index eecc39d..671cebd 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
@@ -79,7 +79,10 @@
 displayed in full, regardless of whether --abbrev or
 --no-abbrev are used, and 'parents' information show the
 true parent commits, without taking grafts or history
-simplification into account.
+simplification into account. Note that this format affects the way
+commits are displayed, but not the way the diff is shown e.g. with
+`git log --raw`. To get full object names in a raw diff format,
+use `--no-abbrev`.
 
 * 'format:<string>'
 +
@@ -95,7 +98,7 @@
 The author of fe6e0ee was Junio C Hamano, 23 hours ago
 The title was >>t4119: test autocomputing -p<n> for traditional diff input.<<
 
---------
+-------
 +
 The placeholders are:
 
@@ -136,7 +139,9 @@
 - '%f': sanitized subject line, suitable for a filename
 - '%b': body
 - '%B': raw body (unwrapped subject and body)
+ifndef::git-rev-list[]
 - '%N': commit notes
+endif::git-rev-list[]
 - '%GG': raw verification message from GPG for a signed commit
 - '%G?': show "G" for a Good signature, "B" for a Bad signature, "U" for a good,
   untrusted signature and "N" for no signature
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
index 8569e29..4b659ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
@@ -3,9 +3,13 @@
 
 	Pretty-print the contents of the commit logs in a given format,
 	where '<format>' can be one of 'oneline', 'short', 'medium',
-	'full', 'fuller', 'email', 'raw' and 'format:<string>'.  See
-	the "PRETTY FORMATS" section for some additional details for each
-	format.  When omitted, the format defaults to 'medium'.
+	'full', 'fuller', 'email', 'raw', 'format:<string>'
+	and 'tformat:<string>'.  When '<format>' is none of the above,
+	and has '%placeholder' in it, it acts as if
+	'--pretty=tformat:<format>' were given.
++
+See the "PRETTY FORMATS" section for some additional details for each
+format.  When '=<format>' part is omitted, it defaults to 'medium'.
 +
 Note: you can specify the default pretty format in the repository
 configuration (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
@@ -33,8 +37,12 @@
 	in their encoding header; this option can be used to tell the
 	command to re-code the commit log message in the encoding
 	preferred by the user.  For non plumbing commands this
-	defaults to UTF-8.
+	defaults to UTF-8. Note that if an object claims to be encoded
+	in `X` and we are outputting in `X`, we will output the object
+	verbatim; this means that invalid sequences in the original
+	commit may be copied to the output.
 
+ifndef::git-rev-list[]
 --notes[=<ref>]::
 	Show the notes (see linkgit:git-notes[1]) that annotate the
 	commit, when showing the commit log message.  This is the default
@@ -47,8 +55,9 @@
 environment overrides). See linkgit:git-config[1] for more details.
 +
 With an optional '<ref>' argument, show this notes ref instead of the
-default notes ref(s). The ref is taken to be in `refs/notes/` if it
-is not qualified.
+default notes ref(s). The ref specifies the full refname when it begins
+with `refs/notes/`; when it begins with `notes/`, `refs/` and otherwise
+`refs/notes/` is prefixed to form a full name of the ref.
 +
 Multiple --notes options can be combined to control which notes are
 being displayed. Examples: "--notes=foo" will show only notes from
@@ -66,6 +75,7 @@
 --[no-]standard-notes::
 	These options are deprecated. Use the above --notes/--no-notes
 	options instead.
+endif::git-rev-list[]
 
 --show-signature::
 	Check the validity of a signed commit object by passing the signature
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index 5d311b8..f1c5220 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -58,14 +58,20 @@
 	more than one `--grep=<pattern>`, commits whose message
 	matches any of the given patterns are chosen (but see
 	`--all-match`).
+ifndef::git-rev-list[]
 +
-When `--show-notes` is in effect, the message from the notes as
-if it is part of the log message.
+When `--show-notes` is in effect, the message from the notes is
+matched as if it were part of the log message.
+endif::git-rev-list[]
 
 --all-match::
 	Limit the commits output to ones that match all given `--grep`,
 	instead of ones that match at least one.
 
+--invert-grep::
+	Limit the commits output to ones with log message that do not
+	match the pattern specified with `--grep=<pattern>`.
+
 -i::
 --regexp-ignore-case::
 	Match the regular expression limiting patterns without regard to letter
@@ -119,7 +125,8 @@
 	because merges into a topic branch tend to be only about
 	adjusting to updated upstream from time to time, and
 	this option allows you to ignore the individual commits
-	brought in to your history by such a merge.
+	brought in to your history by such a merge. Cannot be
+	combined with --bisect.
 
 --not::
 	Reverses the meaning of the '{caret}' prefix (or lack thereof)
@@ -160,7 +167,7 @@
 	consider. Repetitions of this option accumulate exclusion patterns
 	up to the next `--all`, `--branches`, `--tags`, `--remotes`, or
 	`--glob` option (other options or arguments do not clear
-	accumlated patterns).
+	accumulated patterns).
 +
 The patterns given should not begin with `refs/heads`, `refs/tags`, or
 `refs/remotes` when applied to `--branches`, `--tags`, or `--remotes`,
@@ -168,6 +175,10 @@
 or `--all`. If a trailing '/{asterisk}' is intended, it must be given
 explicitly.
 
+--reflog::
+	Pretend as if all objects mentioned by reflogs are listed on the
+	command line as `<commit>`.
+
 --ignore-missing::
 	Upon seeing an invalid object name in the input, pretend as if
 	the bad input was not given.
@@ -177,7 +188,7 @@
 	Pretend as if the bad bisection ref `refs/bisect/bad`
 	was listed and as if it was followed by `--not` and the good
 	bisection refs `refs/bisect/good-*` on the command
-	line.
+	line. Cannot be combined with --first-parent.
 endif::git-rev-list[]
 
 --stdin::
@@ -558,7 +569,7 @@
 would be of roughly the same length.  Finding the change which
 introduces a regression is thus reduced to a binary search: repeatedly
 generate and test new 'midpoint's until the commit chain is of length
-one.
+one. Cannot be combined with --first-parent.
 
 --bisect-vars::
 	This calculates the same as `--bisect`, except that refs in
@@ -635,6 +646,7 @@
 
 These options are mostly targeted for packing of Git repositories.
 
+ifdef::git-rev-list[]
 --objects::
 	Print the object IDs of any object referenced by the listed
 	commits.  `--objects foo ^bar` thus means ``send me
@@ -644,13 +656,24 @@
 --objects-edge::
 	Similar to `--objects`, but also print the IDs of excluded
 	commits prefixed with a ``-'' character.  This is used by
-	linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build ``thin'' pack, which records
+	linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build a ``thin'' pack, which records
 	objects in deltified form based on objects contained in these
 	excluded commits to reduce network traffic.
 
+--objects-edge-aggressive::
+	Similar to `--objects-edge`, but it tries harder to find excluded
+	commits at the cost of increased time.  This is used instead of
+	`--objects-edge` to build ``thin'' packs for shallow repositories.
+
+--indexed-objects::
+	Pretend as if all trees and blobs used by the index are listed
+	on the command line.  Note that you probably want to use
+	`--objects`, too.
+
 --unpacked::
 	Only useful with `--objects`; print the object IDs that are not
 	in packs.
+endif::git-rev-list[]
 
 --no-walk[=(sorted|unsorted)]::
 	Only show the given commits, but do not traverse their ancestors.
@@ -659,6 +682,7 @@
 	given on the command line. Otherwise (if `sorted` or no argument
 	was given), the commits are shown in reverse chronological order
 	by commit time.
+	Cannot be combined with `--graph`.
 
 --do-walk::
 	Overrides a previous `--no-walk`.
@@ -705,6 +729,11 @@
 +
 `--date=raw` shows the date in the internal raw Git format `%s %z` format.
 +
+`--date=format:...` feeds the format `...` to your system `strftime`.
+Use `--date=format:%c` to show the date in your system locale's
+preferred format.  See the `strftime` manual for a complete list of
+format placeholders.
++
 `--date=default` shows timestamps in the original time zone
 (either committer's or author's).
 
@@ -761,6 +790,7 @@
 	on the left hand side of the output.  This may cause extra lines
 	to be printed in between commits, in order for the graph history
 	to be drawn properly.
+	Cannot be combined with `--no-walk`.
 +
 This enables parent rewriting, see 'History Simplification' below.
 +
diff --git a/Documentation/revisions.txt b/Documentation/revisions.txt
index 0796118..d85e303 100644
--- a/Documentation/revisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/revisions.txt
@@ -98,6 +98,31 @@
   `branch.<name>.merge`).  A missing branchname defaults to the
   current one.
 
+'<branchname>@\{push\}', e.g. 'master@\{push\}', '@\{push\}'::
+  The suffix '@\{push}' reports the branch "where we would push to" if
+  `git push` were run while `branchname` was checked out (or the current
+  'HEAD' if no branchname is specified). Since our push destination is
+  in a remote repository, of course, we report the local tracking branch
+  that corresponds to that branch (i.e., something in 'refs/remotes/').
++
+Here's an example to make it more clear:
++
+------------------------------
+$ git config push.default current
+$ git config remote.pushdefault myfork
+$ git checkout -b mybranch origin/master
+
+$ git rev-parse --symbolic-full-name @{upstream}
+refs/remotes/origin/master
+
+$ git rev-parse --symbolic-full-name @{push}
+refs/remotes/myfork/mybranch
+------------------------------
++
+Note in the example that we set up a triangular workflow, where we pull
+from one location and push to another. In a non-triangular workflow,
+'@\{push}' is the same as '@\{upstream}', and there is no need for it.
+
 '<rev>{caret}', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}, v1.5.1{caret}0'::
   A suffix '{caret}' to a revision parameter means the first parent of
   that commit object.  '{caret}<n>' means the <n>th parent (i.e.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt
index 1a79781..8076172 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt
@@ -46,6 +46,9 @@
 	Format a string and push it onto the end of the array. This is a
 	convenience wrapper combining `strbuf_addf` and `argv_array_push`.
 
+`argv_array_pushv`::
+	Push a null-terminated array of strings onto the end of the array.
+
 `argv_array_pop`::
 	Remove the final element from the array. If there are no
 	elements in the array, do nothing.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
index c1b42a4..e44426d 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
@@ -248,7 +248,10 @@
 For a `get` operation, the helper should produce a list of attributes
 on stdout in the same format. A helper is free to produce a subset, or
 even no values at all if it has nothing useful to provide. Any provided
-attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git.
+attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git.  If a helper
+outputs a `quit` attribute with a value of `true` or `1`, no further
+helpers will be consulted, nor will the user be prompted (if no
+credential has been provided, the operation will then fail).
 
 For a `store` or `erase` operation, the helper's output is ignored.
 If it fails to perform the requested operation, it may complain to
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ceeedd4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+Error reporting in git
+======================
+
+`die`, `usage`, `error`, and `warning` report errors of various
+kinds.
+
+- `die` is for fatal application errors.  It prints a message to
+  the user and exits with status 128.
+
+- `usage` is for errors in command line usage.  After printing its
+  message, it exits with status 129.  (See also `usage_with_options`
+  in the link:api-parse-options.html[parse-options API].)
+
+- `error` is for non-fatal library errors.  It prints a message
+  to the user and returns -1 for convenience in signaling the error
+  to the caller.
+
+- `warning` is for reporting situations that probably should not
+  occur but which the user (and Git) can continue to work around
+  without running into too many problems.  Like `error`, it
+  returns -1 after reporting the situation to the caller.
+
+Customizable error handlers
+---------------------------
+
+The default behavior of `die` and `error` is to write a message to
+stderr and then exit or return as appropriate.  This behavior can be
+overridden using `set_die_routine` and `set_error_routine`.  For
+example, "git daemon" uses set_die_routine to write the reason `die`
+was called to syslog before exiting.
+
+Library errors
+--------------
+
+Functions return a negative integer on error.  Details beyond that
+vary from function to function:
+
+- Some functions return -1 for all errors.  Others return a more
+  specific value depending on how the caller might want to react
+  to the error.
+
+- Some functions report the error to stderr with `error`,
+  while others leave that for the caller to do.
+
+- errno is not meaningful on return from most functions (except
+  for thin wrappers for system calls).
+
+Check the function's API documentation to be sure.
+
+Caller-handled errors
+---------------------
+
+An increasing number of functions take a parameter 'struct strbuf *err'.
+On error, such functions append a message about what went wrong to the
+'err' strbuf.  The message is meant to be complete enough to be passed
+to `die` or `error` as-is.  For example:
+
+	if (ref_transaction_commit(transaction, &err))
+		die("%s", err.buf);
+
+The 'err' parameter will be untouched if no error occurred, so multiple
+function calls can be chained:
+
+	t = ref_transaction_begin(&err);
+	if (!t ||
+	    ref_transaction_update(t, "HEAD", ..., &err) ||
+	    ret_transaction_commit(t, &err))
+		die("%s", err.buf);
+
+The 'err' parameter must be a pointer to a valid strbuf.  To silence
+a message, pass a strbuf that is explicitly ignored:
+
+	if (thing_that_can_fail_in_an_ignorable_way(..., &err))
+		/* This failure is okay. */
+		strbuf_reset(&err);
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-lockfile.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-lockfile.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index dd89404..0000000
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-lockfile.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,74 +0,0 @@
-lockfile API
-============
-
-The lockfile API serves two purposes:
-
-* Mutual exclusion.  When we write out a new index file, first
-  we create a new file `$GIT_DIR/index.lock`, write the new
-  contents into it, and rename it to the final destination
-  `$GIT_DIR/index`.  We try to create the `$GIT_DIR/index.lock`
-  file with O_EXCL so that we can notice and fail when somebody
-  else is already trying to update the index file.
-
-* Automatic cruft removal.  After we create the "lock" file, we
-  may decide to `die()`, and we would want to make sure that we
-  remove the file that has not been committed to its final
-  destination.  This is done by remembering the lockfiles we
-  created in a linked list and cleaning them up from an
-  `atexit(3)` handler.  Outstanding lockfiles are also removed
-  when the program dies on a signal.
-
-
-The functions
--------------
-
-hold_lock_file_for_update::
-
-	Take a pointer to `struct lock_file`, the filename of
-	the final destination (e.g. `$GIT_DIR/index`) and a flag
-	`die_on_error`.  Attempt to create a lockfile for the
-	destination and return the file descriptor for writing
-	to the file.  If `die_on_error` flag is true, it dies if
-	a lock is already taken for the file; otherwise it
-	returns a negative integer to the caller on failure.
-
-commit_lock_file::
-
-	Take a pointer to the `struct lock_file` initialized
-	with an earlier call to `hold_lock_file_for_update()`,
-	close the file descriptor and rename the lockfile to its
-	final destination.  Returns 0 upon success, a negative
-	value on failure to close(2) or rename(2).
-
-rollback_lock_file::
-
-	Take a pointer to the `struct lock_file` initialized
-	with an earlier call to `hold_lock_file_for_update()`,
-	close the file descriptor and remove the lockfile.
-
-close_lock_file::
-	Take a pointer to the `struct lock_file` initialized
-	with an earlier call to `hold_lock_file_for_update()`,
-	and close the file descriptor.  Returns 0 upon success,
-	a negative value on failure to close(2).
-
-Because the structure is used in an `atexit(3)` handler, its
-storage has to stay throughout the life of the program.  It
-cannot be an auto variable allocated on the stack.
-
-Call `commit_lock_file()` or `rollback_lock_file()` when you are
-done writing to the file descriptor.  If you do not call either
-and simply `exit(3)` from the program, an `atexit(3)` handler
-will close and remove the lockfile.
-
-If you need to close the file descriptor you obtained from
-`hold_lock_file_for_update` function yourself, do so by calling
-`close_lock_file()`.  You should never call `close(2)` yourself!
-Otherwise the `struct
-lock_file` structure still remembers that the file descriptor
-needs to be closed, and a later call to `commit_lock_file()` or
-`rollback_lock_file()` will result in duplicate calls to
-`close(2)`.  Worse yet, if you `close(2)`, open another file
-descriptor for completely different purpose, and then call
-`commit_lock_file()` or `rollback_lock_file()`, they may close
-that unrelated file descriptor.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
index 1f2db31..5f0757d 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
@@ -168,6 +168,12 @@
 	Introduce an option with integer argument.
 	The integer is put into `int_var`.
 
+`OPT_MAGNITUDE(short, long, &unsigned_long_var, description)`::
+	Introduce an option with a size argument. The argument must be a
+	non-negative integer and may include a suffix of 'k', 'm' or 'g' to
+	scale the provided value by 1024, 1024^2 or 1024^3 respectively.
+	The scaled value is put into `unsigned_long_var`.
+
 `OPT_DATE(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
 	Introduce an option with date argument, see `approxidate()`.
 	The timestamp is put into `int_var`.
@@ -212,6 +218,19 @@
 	Use it to hide deprecated options that are still to be recognized
 	and ignored silently.
 
+`OPT_PASSTHRU(short, long, &char_var, arg_str, description, flags)`::
+	Introduce an option that will be reconstructed into a char* string,
+	which must be initialized to NULL. This is useful when you need to
+	pass the command-line option to another command. Any previous value
+	will be overwritten, so this should only be used for options where
+	the last one specified on the command line wins.
+
+`OPT_PASSTHRU_ARGV(short, long, &argv_array_var, arg_str, description, flags)`::
+	Introduce an option where all instances of it on the command-line will
+	be reconstructed into an argv_array. This is useful when you need to
+	pass the command-line option, which can be specified multiple times,
+	to another command.
+
 
 The last element of the array must be `OPT_END()`.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt
index 02adfd4..37379d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 callback function for every ref. The callback function has this
 signature:
 
-	int handle_one_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1,
+	int handle_one_ref(const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid,
 			   int flags, void *cb_data);
 
 There are different kinds of iterate functions which all take a
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-remote.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-remote.txt
index 5d245aa..2cfdd22 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-remote.txt
@@ -97,10 +97,6 @@
 
 	The name of the remote listed in the configuration.
 
-`remote`::
-
-	The struct remote for that remote.
-
 `merge_name`::
 
 	An array of the "merge" lines in the configuration.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
index 842b838..8bf3e37 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
 Functions
 ---------
 
-`child_process_init`
+`child_process_init`::
 
 	Initialize a struct child_process variable.
 
@@ -46,6 +46,13 @@
 	The argument dir corresponds the member .dir. The argument env
 	corresponds to the member .env.
 
+`child_process_clear`::
+
+	Release the memory associated with the struct child_process.
+	Most users of the run-command API don't need to call this
+	function explicitly because `start_command` invokes it on
+	failure and `finish_command` calls it automatically already.
+
 The functions above do the following:
 
 . If a system call failed, errno is set and -1 is returned. A diagnostic
@@ -169,6 +176,11 @@
 . If the string does not contain '=', it names an environment
   variable that will be removed from the child process's environment.
 
+If the .env member is NULL, `start_command` will point it at the
+.env_array `argv_array` (so you may use one or the other, but not both).
+The memory in .env_array will be cleaned up automatically during
+`finish_command` (or during `start_command` when it is unsuccessful).
+
 To specify a new initial working directory for the sub-process,
 specify it in the .dir member.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index cca6543..0000000
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,351 +0,0 @@
-strbuf API
-==========
-
-strbuf's are meant to be used with all the usual C string and memory
-APIs. Given that the length of the buffer is known, it's often better to
-use the mem* functions than a str* one (memchr vs. strchr e.g.).
-Though, one has to be careful about the fact that str* functions often
-stop on NULs and that strbufs may have embedded NULs.
-
-A strbuf is NUL terminated for convenience, but no function in the
-strbuf API actually relies on the string being free of NULs.
-
-strbufs have some invariants that are very important to keep in mind:
-
-. The `buf` member is never NULL, so it can be used in any usual C
-string operations safely. strbuf's _have_ to be initialized either by
-`strbuf_init()` or by `= STRBUF_INIT` before the invariants, though.
-+
-Do *not* assume anything on what `buf` really is (e.g. if it is
-allocated memory or not), use `strbuf_detach()` to unwrap a memory
-buffer from its strbuf shell in a safe way. That is the sole supported
-way. This will give you a malloced buffer that you can later `free()`.
-+
-However, it is totally safe to modify anything in the string pointed by
-the `buf` member, between the indices `0` and `len-1` (inclusive).
-
-. The `buf` member is a byte array that has at least `len + 1` bytes
-  allocated. The extra byte is used to store a `'\0'`, allowing the
-  `buf` member to be a valid C-string. Every strbuf function ensure this
-  invariant is preserved.
-+
-NOTE: It is OK to "play" with the buffer directly if you work it this
-      way:
-+
-----
-strbuf_grow(sb, SOME_SIZE); <1>
-strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len + SOME_OTHER_SIZE);
-----
-<1> Here, the memory array starting at `sb->buf`, and of length
-`strbuf_avail(sb)` is all yours, and you can be sure that
-`strbuf_avail(sb)` is at least `SOME_SIZE`.
-+
-NOTE: `SOME_OTHER_SIZE` must be smaller or equal to `strbuf_avail(sb)`.
-+
-Doing so is safe, though if it has to be done in many places, adding the
-missing API to the strbuf module is the way to go.
-+
-WARNING: Do _not_ assume that the area that is yours is of size `alloc
-- 1` even if it's true in the current implementation. Alloc is somehow a
-"private" member that should not be messed with. Use `strbuf_avail()`
-instead.
-
-Data structures
----------------
-
-* `struct strbuf`
-
-This is the string buffer structure. The `len` member can be used to
-determine the current length of the string, and `buf` member provides
-access to the string itself.
-
-Functions
----------
-
-* Life cycle
-
-`strbuf_init`::
-
-	Initialize the structure. The second parameter can be zero or a bigger
-	number to allocate memory, in case you want to prevent further reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_release`::
-
-	Release a string buffer and the memory it used. You should not use the
-	string buffer after using this function, unless you initialize it again.
-
-`strbuf_detach`::
-
-	Detach the string from the strbuf and returns it; you now own the
-	storage the string occupies and it is your responsibility from then on
-	to release it with `free(3)` when you are done with it.
-
-`strbuf_attach`::
-
-	Attach a string to a buffer. You should specify the string to attach,
-	the current length of the string and the amount of allocated memory.
-	The amount must be larger than the string length, because the string you
-	pass is supposed to be a NUL-terminated string.  This string _must_ be
-	malloc()ed, and after attaching, the pointer cannot be relied upon
-	anymore, and neither be free()d directly.
-
-`strbuf_swap`::
-
-	Swap the contents of two string buffers.
-
-* Related to the size of the buffer
-
-`strbuf_avail`::
-
-	Determine the amount of allocated but unused memory.
-
-`strbuf_grow`::
-
-	Ensure that at least this amount of unused memory is available after
-	`len`. This is used when you know a typical size for what you will add
-	and want to avoid repetitive automatic resizing of the underlying buffer.
-	This is never a needed operation, but can be critical for performance in
-	some cases.
-
-`strbuf_setlen`::
-
-	Set the length of the buffer to a given value. This function does *not*
-	allocate new memory, so you should not perform a `strbuf_setlen()` to a
-	length that is larger than `len + strbuf_avail()`. `strbuf_setlen()` is
-	just meant as a 'please fix invariants from this strbuf I just messed
-	with'.
-
-`strbuf_reset`::
-
-	Empty the buffer by setting the size of it to zero.
-
-* Related to the contents of the buffer
-
-`strbuf_trim`::
-
-	Strip whitespace from the beginning and end of a string.
-	Equivalent to performing `strbuf_rtrim()` followed by `strbuf_ltrim()`.
-
-`strbuf_rtrim`::
-
-	Strip whitespace from the end of a string.
-
-`strbuf_ltrim`::
-
-	Strip whitespace from the beginning of a string.
-
-`strbuf_reencode`::
-
-	Replace the contents of the strbuf with a reencoded form.  Returns -1
-	on error, 0 on success.
-
-`strbuf_tolower`::
-
-	Lowercase each character in the buffer using `tolower`.
-
-`strbuf_cmp`::
-
-	Compare two buffers. Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater
-	than zero if the first buffer is found, respectively, to be less than,
-	to match, or be greater than the second buffer.
-
-* Adding data to the buffer
-
-NOTE: All of the functions in this section will grow the buffer as necessary.
-If they fail for some reason other than memory shortage and the buffer hadn't
-been allocated before (i.e. the `struct strbuf` was set to `STRBUF_INIT`),
-then they will free() it.
-
-`strbuf_addch`::
-
-	Add a single character to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_addchars`::
-
-	Add a character the specified number of times to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_insert`::
-
-	Insert data to the given position of the buffer.