blob: d7ffc21ddf1e1241d8c485920e6ce56fe38c3f35 [file] [log] [blame]
Pretty-prints the details of a commit. `--pretty`
without an explicit `=<format>` defaults to 'medium'.
If the commit is a merge, and if the pretty-format
is not 'oneline', 'email' or 'raw', an additional line is
inserted before the 'Author:' line. This line begins with
"Merge: " and the sha1s of ancestral commits are printed,
separated by spaces. Note that the listed commits may not
necessarily be the list of the *direct* parent commits if you
have limited your view of history: for example, if you are
only interested in changes related to a certain directory or
file. Here are some additional details for each format:
* 'oneline'
<sha1> <title line>
This is designed to be as compact as possible.
* 'short'
commit <sha1>
Author: <author>
<title line>
* 'medium'
commit <sha1>
Author: <author>
Date: <date>
<title line>
<full commit message>
* 'full'
commit <sha1>
Author: <author>
Commit: <committer>
<title line>
<full commit message>
* 'fuller'
commit <sha1>
Author: <author>
AuthorDate: <date & time>
Commit: <committer>
CommitDate: <date & time>
<title line>
<full commit message>
* 'email'
From <sha1> <date>
From: <author>
Date: <date & time>
Subject: [PATCH] <title line>
full commit message>
* 'raw'
The 'raw' format shows the entire commit exactly as
stored in the commit object. Notably, the SHA1s are
displayed in full, regardless of whether --abbrev or
--no-abbrev are used, and 'parents' information show the
true parent commits, without taking grafts nor history
simplification into account.
* 'format:'
The 'format:' format allows you to specify which information
you want to show. It works a little bit like printf format,
with the notable exception that you get a newline with '%n'
instead of '\n'.
E.g, 'format:"The author of %h was %an, %ar%nThe title was >>%s<<"'
would show something like this:
The author of fe6e0ee was Junio C Hamano, 23 hours ago
The title was >>t4119: test autocomputing -p<n> for traditional diff input.<<
The placeholders are:
- '%H': commit hash
- '%h': abbreviated commit hash
- '%T': tree hash
- '%t': abbreviated tree hash
- '%P': parent hashes
- '%p': abbreviated parent hashes
- '%an': author name
- '%ae': author email
- '%ad': author date
- '%aD': author date, RFC2822 style
- '%ar': author date, relative
- '%at': author date, UNIX timestamp
- '%cn': committer name
- '%ce': committer email
- '%cd': committer date
- '%cD': committer date, RFC2822 style
- '%cr': committer date, relative
- '%ct': committer date, UNIX timestamp
- '%e': encoding
- '%s': subject
- '%b': body
- '%Cred': switch color to red
- '%Cgreen': switch color to green
- '%Cblue': switch color to blue
- '%Creset': reset color
- '%m': left, right or boundary mark
- '%n': newline
The commit objects record the encoding used for the log message
in their encoding header; this option can be used to tell the
command to re-code the commit log message in the encoding
preferred by the user. For non plumbing commands this
defaults to UTF-8.