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git-push - Update remote refs along with associated objects
'git-push' [--all] [--dry-run] [--tags] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
[--repo=all] [-f | --force] [-v | --verbose] [<repository> <refspec>...]
Updates remote refs using local refs, while sending objects
necessary to complete the given refs.
You can make interesting things happen to a repository
every time you push into it, by setting up 'hooks' there. See
documentation for linkgit:git-receive-pack[1].
The "remote" repository that is destination of a push
operation. See the section <<URLS,GIT URLS>> below.
The canonical format of a <refspec> parameter is
`+?<src>:<dst>`; that is, an optional plus `+`, followed
by the source ref, followed by a colon `:`, followed by
the destination ref.
The <src> side can be an
arbitrary "SHA1 expression" that can be used as an
argument to `git-cat-file -t`. E.g. `master~4` (push
four parents before the current master head).
The local ref that matches <src> is used
to fast forward the remote ref that matches <dst>. If
the optional plus `+` is used, the remote ref is updated
even if it does not result in a fast forward update.
Note: If no explicit refspec is found, (that is neither
on the command line nor in any Push line of the
corresponding remotes file---see below), then all the
heads that exist both on the local side and on the remote
side are updated.
`tag <tag>` means the same as `refs/tags/<tag>:refs/tags/<tag>`.
A parameter <ref> without a colon pushes the <ref> from the source
repository to the destination repository under the same name.
Pushing an empty <src> allows you to delete the <dst> ref from
the remote repository.
Instead of naming each ref to push, specifies that all
refs under `$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/` be pushed.
Instead of naming each ref to push, specifies that all
refs under `$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/` and `$GIT_DIR/refs/tags/`
be mirrored to the remote repository. Newly created local
refs will be pushed to the remote end, locally updated refs
will be force updated on the remote end, and deleted refs
will be removed from the remote end.
Do everything except actually send the updates.
All refs under `$GIT_DIR/refs/tags` are pushed, in
addition to refspecs explicitly listed on the command
Path to the 'git-receive-pack' program on the remote
end. Sometimes useful when pushing to a remote
repository over ssh, and you do not have the program in
a directory on the default $PATH.
Same as \--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
-f, \--force::
Usually, the command refuses to update a remote ref that is
not an ancestor of the local ref used to overwrite it.
This flag disables the check. This can cause the
remote repository to lose commits; use it with care.
When no repository is specified the command defaults to
"origin"; this overrides it.
\--thin, \--no-thin::
These options are passed to `git-send-pack`. Thin
transfer spends extra cycles to minimize the number of
objects to be sent and meant to be used on slower connection.
-v, \--verbose::
Run verbosely.
git push origin master::
Find a ref that matches `master` in the source repository
(most likely, it would find `refs/heads/master`), and update
the same ref (e.g. `refs/heads/master`) in `origin` repository
with it.
git push origin :experimental::
Find a ref that matches `experimental` in the `origin` repository
(e.g. `refs/heads/experimental`), and delete it.
git push origin master:satellite/master::
Find a ref that matches `master` in the source repository
(most likely, it would find `refs/heads/master`), and update
the ref that matches `satellite/master` (most likely, it would
be `refs/remotes/satellite/master`) in `origin` repository with it.
git push origin master:refs/heads/experimental::
Create the branch `experimental` in the `origin` repository
by copying the current `master` branch. This form is usually
needed to create a new branch in the remote repository as
there is no `experimental` branch to match.
Written by Junio C Hamano <>, later rewritten in C
by Linus Torvalds <>
Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <>.
Part of the linkgit:git[7] suite