Sync with 1.7.5.4

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 2cf3ca5..acffdfa 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -101,7 +101,9 @@
 /git-quiltimport
 /git-read-tree
 /git-rebase
+/git-rebase--am
 /git-rebase--interactive
+/git-rebase--merge
 /git-receive-pack
 /git-reflog
 /git-relink
@@ -125,7 +127,10 @@
 /git-rm
 /git-send-email
 /git-send-pack
+/git-sh-i18n
+/git-sh-i18n--envsubst
 /git-sh-setup
+/git-sh-i18n
 /git-shell
 /git-shortlog
 /git-show
@@ -158,6 +163,7 @@
 /gitk-git/gitk-wish
 /gitweb/GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
 /gitweb/gitweb.cgi
+/gitweb/static/gitweb.js
 /gitweb/static/gitweb.min.*
 /test-chmtime
 /test-ctype
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6ab3252
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+Git v1.7.6 Release Notes (draft)
+========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.5
+--------------------
+
+ * Various git-svn updates.
+
+ * Updates the way content tags are handled in gitweb.  Also adds
+   a UI to choose common timezone for displaying the dates.
+
+ * Similar to branch names, tagnames that begin with "-" are now
+   disallowed.
+
+ * Clean-up of the C part of i18n (but not l10n---please wait)
+   continues.
+
+ * The scripting part of the codebase is getting prepared for i18n/l10n.
+
+ * Pushing and pulling from a repository with large number of refs that
+   point to identical commits are optimized by not listing the same commit
+   during the common ancestor negotiation exchange with the other side.
+
+ * Adding a file larger than core.bigfilethreshold (defaults to 1/2 Gig)
+   using "git add" will send the contents straight to a packfile without
+   having to hold it and its compressed representation both at the same
+   time in memory.
+
+ * Processes spawned by "[alias] <name> = !process" in the configuration
+   can inspect GIT_PREFIX environment variable to learn where in the
+   working tree the original command was invoked.
+
+ * A magic pathspec ":/" tells a command that limits its operation to
+   the current directory when ran from a subdirectory to work on the
+   entire working tree. In general, ":/path/to/file" would be relative
+   to the root of the working tree hierarchy.
+
+   After "git reset --hard; edit Makefile; cd t/", "git add -u" would
+   be a no-op, but "git add -u :/" would add the updated contents of
+   the Makefile at the top level. If you want to name a path in the
+   current subdirectory whose unusual name begins with ":/", you can
+   name it by "./:/that/path" or by "\:/that/path".
+
+ * "git blame" learned "--abbrev[=<n>]" option to control the minimum
+   number of hexdigits shown for commit object names.
+
+ * "git blame" learned "--line-porcelain" that is less efficient but is
+   easier to parse.
+
+ * Aborting "git commit --interactive" discards updates to the index
+   made during the interctive session.
+
+ * "git commit" learned a "--patch" option to directly jump to the
+   per-hunk selection UI of the interactive mode.
+
+ * "git diff" and its family of commands learned --dirstat=0 to show
+   directories that contribute less than 0.1% of changes.
+
+ * "git diff" and its family of commands learned --dirstat=lines mode to
+   assess damage to the directory based on number of lines in the patch
+   output, not based on the similarity numbers.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned "--quiet" option to suppress the output of
+   the names of generated files.
+
+ * "git format-patch" quotes people's names when it has RFC822 special
+   characters in it, e.g. "Junio C. Hamano" <jch@example.com>.  Earlier
+   it was up to the user to do this when using its output.
+
+ * "git format-patch" can take an empty --subject-prefix now.
+
+ * "git log" and friends learned a new "--notes" option to replace the
+   "--show-notes" option.  Unlike "--show-notes", "--notes=<ref>" does
+   not imply showing the default notes.
+
+ * They also learned a log.abbrevCommit configuration variable to augment
+   the --abbrev-commit command line option.
+
+ * "git ls-remote" learned "--exit-code" option to consider it a
+   different kind of error when no remote ref to be shown.
+
+ * "git merge" learned "-" as a short-hand for "the previous branch", just
+   like the way "git checkout -" works.
+
+ * "git merge" uses "merge.ff" configuration variable to decide to always
+   create a merge commit (i.e. --no-ff, aka merge.ff=no), refuse to create
+   a merge commit (i.e. --ff-only, aka merge.ff=only). Setting merge.ff=yes
+   (or not setting it at all) restores the default behaviour of allowing
+   fast-forward to happen when possible.
+
+ * p4-import (from contrib) learned a new option --preserve-user.
+
+ * "git read-tree -m" learned "--dry-run" option that reports if a merge
+   would fail without touching the index nor the working tree.
+
+ * "git rebase" that does not specify on top of which branch to rebase
+   the current branch now uses @{upstream} of the current branch.
+
+ * "git rebase" finished either normally or with --abort did not
+   update the reflog for HEAD to record the event to come back to
+   where it started from.
+
+ * "git remote add -t only-this-branch --mirror=fetch" is now allowed. Earlier
+   a fetch-mode mirror meant mirror everything, but now it only means refs are
+   not renamed.
+
+ * "git rev-list --count" used with "--cherry-mark" counts the cherry-picked
+   commits separately, producing more a useful output.
+
+ * "git submodule update" learned "--force" option to get rid of local
+   changes in submodules and replace them with the up-to-date version.
+
+ * "git status" and friends ignore .gitmodules file while the file is
+   still in a conflicted state during a merge, to avoid using information
+   that is not final and possibly corrupt with conflict markers.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and minor miscellaneous
+changes.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.5
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes in 1.7.5.X maintenance track are
+included in this release.
+
+ * "git config" used to choke with an insanely long line.
+   (merge ef/maint-strbuf-init later)
+
+---
+exec >/var/tmp/1
+echo O=$(git describe master)
+O=v1.7.5.3-365-g7eacc2b
+git shortlog --no-merges ^maint ^$O master
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index 16e3c68..e76195a 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -52,6 +52,11 @@
 --porcelain::
 	Show in a format designed for machine consumption.
 
+--line-porcelain::
+	Show the porcelain format, but output commit information for
+	each line, not just the first time a commit is referenced.
+	Implies --porcelain.
+
 --incremental::
 	Show the result incrementally in a format designed for
 	machine consumption.
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index d161362..6b93777 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -587,6 +587,8 @@
 "gitk --all --not ORIG_HEAD".  Note that shell commands will be
 executed from the top-level directory of a repository, which may
 not necessarily be the current directory.
+'GIT_PREFIX' is set as returned by running 'git rev-parse --show-prefix'
+from the original current directory. See linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
 
 am.keepcr::
 	If true, git-am will call git-mailsplit for patches in mbox format
@@ -641,7 +643,7 @@
 
 branch.<name>.merge::
 	Defines, together with branch.<name>.remote, the upstream branch
-	for the given branch. It tells 'git fetch'/'git pull' which
+	for the given branch. It tells 'git fetch'/'git pull'/'git rebase' which
 	branch to merge and can also affect 'git push' (see push.default).
 	When in branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' the default
 	refspec to be marked for merging in FETCH_HEAD. The value is
@@ -1308,9 +1310,15 @@
 	In interactive commands, allow the user to provide one-letter
 	input with a single key (i.e., without hitting enter).
 	Currently this is used by the `\--patch` mode of
-	linkgit:git-add[1], linkgit:git-reset[1], linkgit:git-stash[1] and
-	linkgit:git-checkout[1]. Note that this setting is silently
-	ignored if portable keystroke input is not available.
+	linkgit:git-add[1], linkgit:git-checkout[1], linkgit:git-commit[1],
+	linkgit:git-reset[1], and linkgit:git-stash[1]. Note that this
+	setting is silently ignored if portable keystroke input
+	is not available.
+
+log.abbrevCommit::
+	If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
+	linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `\--abbrev-commit`. You may
+	override this option with `\--no-abbrev-commit`.
 
 log.date::
 	Set the default date-time mode for the 'log' command.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index 2b1605f..1aed79e 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -8,6 +8,50 @@
 	affects only 'git diff' Porcelain, and not lower level
 	'diff' commands such as 'git diff-files'.
 
+diff.dirstat::
+	A comma separated list of `--dirstat` parameters specifying the
+	default behavior of the `--dirstat` option to linkgit:git-diff[1]`
+	and friends. The defaults can be overridden on the command line
+	(using `--dirstat=<param1,param2,...>`). The fallback defaults
+	(when not changed by `diff.dirstat`) are `changes,noncumulative,3`.
+	The following parameters are available:
++
+--
+`changes`;;
+	Compute the dirstat numbers by counting the lines that have been
+	removed from the source, or added to the destination. This ignores
+	the amount of pure code movements within a file.  In other words,
+	rearranging lines in a file is not counted as much as other changes.
+	This is the default behavior when no parameter is given.
+`lines`;;
+	Compute the dirstat numbers by doing the regular line-based diff
+	analysis, and summing the removed/added line counts. (For binary
+	files, count 64-byte chunks instead, since binary files have no
+	natural concept of lines). This is a more expensive `--dirstat`
+	behavior than the `changes` behavior, but it does count rearranged
+	lines within a file as much as other changes. The resulting output
+	is consistent with what you get from the other `--*stat` options.
+`files`;;
+	Compute the dirstat numbers by counting the number of files changed.
+	Each changed file counts equally in the dirstat analysis. This is
+	the computationally cheapest `--dirstat` behavior, since it does
+	not have to look at the file contents at all.
+`cumulative`;;
+	Count changes in a child directory for the parent directory as well.
+	Note that when using `cumulative`, the sum of the percentages
+	reported may exceed 100%. The default (non-cumulative) behavior can
+	be specified with the `noncumulative` parameter.
+<limit>;;
+	An integer parameter specifies a cut-off percent (3% by default).
+	Directories contributing less than this percentage of the changes
+	are not shown in the output.
+--
++
+Example: The following will count changed files, while ignoring
+directories with less than 10% of the total amount of changed files,
+and accumulating child directory counts in the parent directories:
+`files,10,cumulative`.
+
 diff.external::
 	If this config variable is set, diff generation is not
 	performed using the internal diff machinery, but using the
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 80fd817..c7ed946 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -66,19 +66,49 @@
 	number of modified files, as well as number of added and deleted
 	lines.
 
---dirstat[=<limit>]::
-	Output the distribution of relative amount of changes (number of lines added or
-	removed) for each sub-directory. Directories with changes below
-	a cut-off percent (3% by default) are not shown. The cut-off percent
-	can be set with `--dirstat=<limit>`. Changes in a child directory are not
-	counted for the parent directory, unless `--cumulative` is used.
+--dirstat[=<param1,param2,...>]::
+	Output the distribution of relative amount of changes for each
+	sub-directory. The behavior of `--dirstat` can be customized by
+	passing it a comma separated list of parameters.
+	The defaults are controlled by the `diff.dirstat` configuration
+	variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+	The following parameters are available:
 +
-Note that the `--dirstat` option computes the changes while ignoring
-the amount of pure code movements within a file.  In other words,
-rearranging lines in a file is not counted as much as other changes.
-
---dirstat-by-file[=<limit>]::
-	Same as `--dirstat`, but counts changed files instead of lines.
+--
+`changes`;;
+	Compute the dirstat numbers by counting the lines that have been
+	removed from the source, or added to the destination. This ignores
+	the amount of pure code movements within a file.  In other words,
+	rearranging lines in a file is not counted as much as other changes.
+	This is the default behavior when no parameter is given.
+`lines`;;
+	Compute the dirstat numbers by doing the regular line-based diff
+	analysis, and summing the removed/added line counts. (For binary
+	files, count 64-byte chunks instead, since binary files have no
+	natural concept of lines). This is a more expensive `--dirstat`
+	behavior than the `changes` behavior, but it does count rearranged
+	lines within a file as much as other changes. The resulting output
+	is consistent with what you get from the other `--*stat` options.
+`files`;;
+	Compute the dirstat numbers by counting the number of files changed.
+	Each changed file counts equally in the dirstat analysis. This is
+	the computationally cheapest `--dirstat` behavior, since it does
+	not have to look at the file contents at all.
+`cumulative`;;
+	Count changes in a child directory for the parent directory as well.
+	Note that when using `cumulative`, the sum of the percentages
+	reported may exceed 100%. The default (non-cumulative) behavior can
+	be specified with the `noncumulative` parameter.
+<limit>;;
+	An integer parameter specifies a cut-off percent (3% by default).
+	Directories contributing less than this percentage of the changes
+	are not shown in the output.
+--
++
+Example: The following will count changed files, while ignoring
+directories with less than 10% of the total amount of changed files,
+and accumulating child directory counts in the parent directories:
+`--dirstat=files,10,cumulative`.
 
 --summary::
 	Output a condensed summary of extended header information
@@ -270,6 +300,19 @@
 	projects, so use it with caution.  Giving more than one
 	`-C` option has the same effect.
 
+-D::
+--irreversible-delete::
+	Omit the preimage for deletes, i.e. print only the header but not
+	the diff between the preimage and `/dev/null`. The resulting patch
+	is not meant to be applied with `patch` nor `git apply`; this is
+	solely for people who want to just concentrate on reviewing the
+	text after the change. In addition, the output obviously lack
+	enough information to apply such a patch in reverse, even manually,
+	hence the name of the option.
++
+When used together with `-B`, omit also the preimage in the deletion part
+of a delete/create pair.
+
 -l<num>::
 	The `-M` and `-C` options require O(n^2) processing time where n
 	is the number of potential rename/copy targets.  This
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index c4d1ff8..9516914 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git blame' [-c] [-b] [-l] [--root] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-p] [-w] [--incremental] [-L n,m]
-	    [-S <revs-file>] [-M] [-C] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>]
+	    [-S <revs-file>] [-M] [-C] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>] [--abbrev=<n>]
 	    [<rev> | --contents <file> | --reverse <rev>] [--] <file>
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -73,6 +73,11 @@
 	Ignore whitespace when comparing the parent's version and
 	the child's to find where the lines came from.
 
+--abbrev=<n>::
+	Instead of using the default 7+1 hexadecimal digits as the
+	abbreviated object name, use <n>+1 digits. Note that 1 column
+	is used for a caret to mark the boundary commit.
+
 
 THE PORCELAIN FORMAT
 --------------------
@@ -100,6 +105,19 @@
 header, prefixed by a TAB. This is to allow adding more
 header elements later.
 
+The porcelain format generally suppresses commit information that has
+already been seen. For example, two lines that are blamed to the same
+commit will both be shown, but the details for that commit will be shown
+only once. This is more efficient, but may require more state be kept by
+the reader. The `--line-porcelain` option can be used to output full
+commit information for each line, allowing simpler (but less efficient)
+usage like:
+
+	# count the number of lines attributed to each author
+	git blame --line-porcelain file |
+	sed -n 's/^author //p' |
+	sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
+
 
 SPECIFYING RANGES
 -----------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index d0534b8..7951cb7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -8,11 +8,12 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git commit' [-a | --interactive] [-s] [-v] [-u<mode>] [--amend] [--dry-run]
-	   [(-c | -C | --fixup | --squash) <commit>] [-F <file> | -m <msg>]
-	   [--reset-author] [--allow-empty] [--allow-empty-message] [--no-verify]
-	   [-e] [--author=<author>] [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>]
-	   [--status | --no-status] [-i | -o] [--] [<file>...]
+'git commit' [-a | --interactive | --patch] [-s] [-v] [-u<mode>] [--amend]
+	   [--dry-run] [(-c | -C | --fixup | --squash) <commit>]
+	   [-F <file> | -m <msg>] [--reset-author] [--allow-empty]
+	   [--allow-empty-message] [--no-verify] [-e] [--author=<author>]
+	   [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--status | --no-status]
+	   [-i | -o] [--] [<file>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -39,9 +40,10 @@
    that have been removed from the working tree, and then perform the
    actual commit;
 
-5. by using the --interactive switch with the 'commit' command to decide one
-   by one which files should be part of the commit, before finalizing the
-   operation.  Currently, this is done by invoking 'git add --interactive'.
+5. by using the --interactive or --patch switches with the 'commit' command
+   to decide one by one which files or hunks should be part of the commit,
+   before finalizing the operation. See the ``Interactive Mode`` section of
+   linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate these modes.
 
 The `--dry-run` option can be used to obtain a
 summary of what is included by any of the above for the next
@@ -59,6 +61,12 @@
 	been modified and deleted, but new files you have not
 	told git about are not affected.
 
+-p::
+--patch::
+	Use the interactive patch selection interface to chose
+	which changes to commit. See linkgit:git-add[1] for
+	details.
+
 -C <commit>::
 --reuse-message=<commit>::
 	Take an existing commit object, and reuse the log message
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 8804de3..e7ecf5d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -50,16 +50,18 @@
 .git/config unless defined otherwise with GIT_DIR and GIT_CONFIG
 (see <<FILES>>).
 
-This command will fail if:
+This command will fail (with exit code ret) if:
 
-. The config file is invalid,
-. Can not write to the config file,
-. no section was provided,
-. the section or key is invalid,
-. you try to unset an option which does not exist,
-. you try to unset/set an option for which multiple lines match, or
-. you use '--global' option without $HOME being properly set.
+. The config file is invalid (ret=3),
+. can not write to the config file (ret=4),
+. no section or name was provided (ret=2),
+. the section or key is invalid (ret=1),
+. you try to unset an option which does not exist (ret=5),
+. you try to unset/set an option for which multiple lines match (ret=5),
+. you try to use an invalid regexp (ret=6), or
+. you use '--global' option without $HOME being properly set (ret=128).
 
+On success, the command returns the exit code 0.
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index d7523b3..e150c77 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,8 @@
 'git grep' [-a | --text] [-I] [-i | --ignore-case] [-w | --word-regexp]
 	   [-v | --invert-match] [-h|-H] [--full-name]
 	   [-E | --extended-regexp] [-G | --basic-regexp]
-	   [-F | --fixed-strings] [-n]
+	   [-P | --perl-regexp]
+	   [-F | --fixed-strings] [-n | --line-number]
 	   [-l | --files-with-matches] [-L | --files-without-match]
 	   [(-O | --open-files-in-pager) [<pager>]]
 	   [-z | --null]
@@ -97,6 +98,11 @@
 	Use POSIX extended/basic regexp for patterns.  Default
 	is to use basic regexp.
 
+-P::
+--perl-regexp::
+	Use Perl-compatible regexp for patterns. Requires libpcre to be
+	compiled in.
+
 -F::
 --fixed-strings::
 	Use fixed strings for patterns (don't interpret pattern
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 2c84028..de5c0d3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -178,9 +178,9 @@
 multiple times.  A warning will be issued for refs that do not exist,
 but a glob that does not match any refs is silently ignored.
 +
-This setting can be disabled by the `--no-standard-notes` option,
+This setting can be disabled by the `--no-notes` option,
 overridden by the 'GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF' environment variable,
-and supplemented by the `--show-notes` option.
+and overridden by the `--notes=<ref>` option.
 
 GIT
 ---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
index c3df8c0..7a9b86a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git ls-remote' [--heads] [--tags]  [-u <exec> | --upload-pack <exec>]
-	      <repository> [<refs>...]
+	      [--exit-code] <repository> [<refs>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
 -----------
@@ -36,6 +36,12 @@
 	SSH and where the SSH daemon does not use the PATH configured by the
 	user.
 
+--exit-code::
+	Exit with status "2" when no matching refs are found in the remote
+	repository. Usually the command exits with status "0" to indicate
+	it successfully talked with the remote repository, whether it
+	found any matching refs.
+
 <repository>::
 	Location of the repository.  The shorthand defined in
 	$GIT_DIR/branches/ can be used. Use "." (dot) to list references in
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index 296f314..6a187f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
 'git notes' merge [-v | -q] [-s <strategy> ] <notes_ref>
 'git notes' merge --commit [-v | -q]
 'git notes' merge --abort [-v | -q]
-'git notes' remove [<object>]
+'git notes' remove [--ignore-missing] [--stdin] [<object>...]
 'git notes' prune [-n | -v]
 'git notes' get-ref
 
@@ -57,8 +57,11 @@
 
 add::
 	Add notes for a given object (defaults to HEAD). Abort if the
-	object already has notes (use `-f` to overwrite an
-	existing note).
+	object already has notes (use `-f` to overwrite existing notes).
+	However, if you're using `add` interactively (using an editor
+	to supply the notes contents), then - instead of aborting -
+	the existing notes will be opened in the editor (like the `edit`
+	subcommand).
 
 copy::
 	Copy the notes for the first object onto the second object.
@@ -103,8 +106,9 @@
 'git notes merge --abort'.
 
 remove::
-	Remove the notes for a given object (defaults to HEAD).
-	This is equivalent to specifying an empty note message to
+	Remove the notes for given objects (defaults to HEAD). When
+	giving zero or one object from the command line, this is
+	equivalent to specifying an empty note message to
 	the `edit` subcommand.
 
 prune::
@@ -151,6 +155,15 @@
 	'GIT_NOTES_REF' and the "core.notesRef" configuration.  The ref
 	is taken to be in `refs/notes/` if it is not qualified.
 
+--ignore-missing::
+	Do not consider it an error to request removing notes from an
+	object that does not have notes attached to it.
+
+--stdin::
+	Also read the object names to remove notes from from the standard
+	input (there is no reason you cannot combine this with object
+	names from the command line).
+
 -n::
 --dry-run::
 	Do not remove anything; just report the object names whose notes
diff --git a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
index 26fdadc..46a96f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
@@ -53,6 +53,11 @@
 	trees that are not directly related to the current
 	working tree status into a temporary index file.
 
+-n::
+--dry-run::
+	Check if the command would error out, without updating the index
+	nor the files in the working tree for real.
+
 -v::
 	Show the progress of checking files out.
 
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index 620d50e..9a075bc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 --------
 [verse]
 'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--onto <newbase>]
-	<upstream> [<branch>]
+	[<upstream>] [<branch>]
 'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] --onto <newbase>
 	--root [<branch>]
 
@@ -21,6 +21,12 @@
 `git checkout <branch>` before doing anything else.  Otherwise
 it remains on the current branch.
 
+If <upstream> is not specified, the upstream configured in
+branch.<name>.remote and branch.<name>.merge options will be used; see
+linkgit:git-config[1] for details.  If you are currently not on any
+branch or if the current branch does not have a configured upstream,
+the rebase will abort.
+
 All changes made by commits in the current branch but that are not
 in <upstream> are saved to a temporary area.  This is the same set
 of commits that would be shown by `git log <upstream>..HEAD` (or
@@ -217,7 +223,8 @@
 
 <upstream>::
 	Upstream branch to compare against.  May be any valid commit,
-	not just an existing branch name.
+	not just an existing branch name. Defaults to the configured
+	upstream for the current branch.
 
 <branch>::
 	Working branch; defaults to HEAD.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index 415f4f0..38fafca 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 	     [ \--tags[=<pattern>] ]
 	     [ \--remotes[=<pattern>] ]
 	     [ \--glob=<glob-pattern> ]
+	     [ \--ignore-missing ]
 	     [ \--stdin ]
 	     [ \--quiet ]
 	     [ \--topo-order ]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..61e4c08
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+git-sh-i18n--envsubst(1)
+========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-sh-i18n--envsubst - Git's own envsubst(1) for i18n fallbacks
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+eval_gettext () {
+	printf "%s" "$1" | (
+		export PATH $('git sh-i18n--envsubst' --variables "$1");
+		'git sh-i18n--envsubst' "$1"
+	)
+}
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+This is not a command the end user would want to run.  Ever.
+This documentation is meant for people who are studying the
+plumbing scripts and/or are writing new ones.
+
+git-sh-i18n--envsubst is Git's stripped-down copy of the GNU
+`envsubst(1)` program that comes with the GNU gettext package. It's
+used internally by linkgit:git-sh-i18n[1] to interpolate the variables
+passed to the the `eval_gettext` function.
+
+No promises are made about the interface, or that this
+program won't disappear without warning in the next version
+of Git. Don't use it.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-i18n.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-i18n.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3b1f7ac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-i18n.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+git-sh-i18n(1)
+==============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-sh-i18n - Git's i18n setup code for shell scripts
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'. "$(git --exec-path)/git-sh-i18n"'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+This is not a command the end user would want to run.  Ever.
+This documentation is meant for people who are studying the
+Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing new ones.
+
+The 'git sh-i18n scriptlet is designed to be sourced (using
+`.`) by Git's porcelain programs implemented in shell
+script. It provides wrappers for the GNU `gettext` and
+`eval_gettext` functions accessible through the `gettext.sh`
+script, and provides pass-through fallbacks on systems
+without GNU gettext.
+
+FUNCTIONS
+---------
+
+gettext::
+	Currently a dummy fall-through function implemented as a wrapper
+	around `printf(1)`. Will be replaced by a real gettext
+	implementation in a later version.
+
+eval_gettext::
+	Currently a dummy fall-through function implemented as a wrapper
+	around `printf(1)` with variables expanded by the
+	linkgit:git-sh-i18n--envsubst[1] helper. Will be replaced by a
+	real gettext implementation in a later version.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
index 053df50..27fd8ba 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
@@ -58,9 +58,14 @@
 	runs chdir to the toplevel of the working tree.
 
 require_work_tree::
-	checks if the repository is a bare repository, and dies
-	if so.  Used by scripts that require working tree
-	(e.g. `checkout`).
+	checks if the current directory is within the working tree
+	of the repository, and otherwise dies.
+
+require_work_tree_exists::
+	checks if the working tree associated with the repository
+	exists, and otherwise dies.  Often done before calling
+	cd_to_toplevel, which is impossible to do if there is no
+	working tree.
 
 get_author_ident_from_commit::
 	outputs code for use with eval to set the GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 1a16ff6..5e7a413 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -186,8 +186,10 @@
 
 -f::
 --force::
-	This option is only valid for the add command.
-	Allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
+	This option is only valid for add and update commands.
+	When running add, allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
+	When running update, throw away local changes in submodules when
+	switching to a different commit.
 
 --cached::
 	This option is only valid for status and summary commands.  These
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index 39feb62..713e523 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -339,6 +339,8 @@
 	Empty directories are automatically recreated when using
 	"git svn clone" and "git svn rebase", so "mkdirs" is intended
 	for use after commands like "git checkout" or "git reset".
+	(See the svn-remote.<name>.automkdirs config file option for
+	more information.)
 
 'commit-diff'::
 	Commits the diff of two tree-ish arguments from the
@@ -680,6 +682,14 @@
 	locales to avoid corrupted file names with non-ASCII characters.
 	Valid encodings are the ones supported by Perl's Encode module.
 
+svn-remote.<name>.automkdirs::
+	Normally, the "git svn clone" and "git svn rebase" commands
+	attempt to recreate empty directories that are in the
+	Subversion repository.  If this option is set to "false", then
+	empty directories will only be created if the "git svn mkdirs"
+	command is run explicitly.  If unset, 'git svn' assumes this
+	option to be "true".
+
 Since the noMetadata, rewriteRoot, rewriteUUID, useSvnsyncProps and useSvmProps
 options all affect the metadata generated and used by 'git svn'; they
 *must* be set in the configuration file before any history is imported
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 8c0bfdf..5c45446 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
-'git' [--version] [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path]
+'git' [--version] [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]
     [-p|--paginate|--no-pager] [--no-replace-objects]
     [--bare] [--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>]
     [-c <name>=<value>]
@@ -291,8 +291,16 @@
 	the current setting and then exit.
 
 --html-path::
-	Print the path to wherever your git HTML documentation is installed
-	and exit.
+	Print the path, without trailing slash, where git's HTML
+	documentation is installed and exit.
+
+--man-path::
+	Print the manpath (see `man(1)`) for the man pages for
+	this version of git and exit.
+
+--info-path::
+	Print the path where the Info files documenting this
+	version of git are installed and exit.
 
 -p::
 --paginate::
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index 15aebc6..412c55b 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -593,6 +593,37 @@
 manually with `git update-ref -d refs/notes/textconv/jpg` (where
 "jpg" is the name of the diff driver, as in the example above).
 
+Choosing textconv versus external diff
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+If you want to show differences between binary or specially-formatted
+blobs in your repository, you can choose to use either an external diff
+command, or to use textconv to convert them to a diff-able text format.
+Which method you choose depends on your exact situation.
+
+The advantage of using an external diff command is flexibility. You are
+not bound to find line-oriented changes, nor is it necessary for the
+output to resemble unified diff. You are free to locate and report
+changes in the most appropriate way for your data format.
+
+A textconv, by comparison, is much more limiting. You provide a
+transformation of the data into a line-oriented text format, and git
+uses its regular diff tools to generate the output. There are several
+advantages to choosing this method:
+
+1. Ease of use. It is often much simpler to write a binary to text
+   transformation than it is to perform your own diff. In many cases,
+   existing programs can be used as textconv filters (e.g., exif,
+   odt2txt).
+
+2. Git diff features. By performing only the transformation step
+   yourself, you can still utilize many of git's diff features,
+   including colorization, word-diff, and combined diffs for merges.
+
+3. Caching. Textconv caching can speed up repeated diffs, such as those
+   you might trigger by running `git log -p`.
+
+
 Marking files as binary
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 
diff --git a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
index 33716a3..8f62d1a 100644
--- a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
+++ b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
@@ -277,7 +277,8 @@
        Pattern used to specify paths.
 +
 Pathspecs are used on the command line of "git ls-files", "git
-ls-tree", "git grep", "git checkout", and many other commands to
+ls-tree", "git add", "git grep", "git diff", "git checkout",
+and many other commands to
 limit the scope of operations to some subset of the tree or
 worktree.  See the documentation of each command for whether
 paths are relative to the current directory or toplevel.  The
@@ -296,6 +297,37 @@
 in the Documentation subtree,
 including Documentation/chapter_1/figure_1.jpg.
 
++
+A pathspec that begins with a colon `:` has special meaning.  In the
+short form, the leading colon `:` is followed by zero or more "magic
+signature" letters (which optionally is terminated by another colon `:`),
+and the remainder is the pattern to match against the path. The optional
+colon that terminates the "magic signature" can be omitted if the pattern
+begins with a character that cannot be a "magic signature" and is not a
+colon.
++
+In the long form, the leading colon `:` is followed by a open
+parenthesis `(`, a comma-separated list of zero or more "magic words",
+and a close parentheses `)`, and the remainder is the pattern to match
+against the path.
++
+The "magic signature" consists of an ASCII symbol that is not
+alphanumeric.
++
+--
+top `/`;;
+	The magic word `top` (mnemonic: `/`) makes the pattern match
+	from the root of the working tree, even when you are running
+	the command from inside a subdirectory.
+--
++
+Currently only the slash `/` is recognized as the "magic signature",
+but it is envisioned that we will support more types of magic in later
+versions of git.
++
+A pathspec with only a colon means "there is no pathspec". This form
+should not be combined with other pathspec.
+
 [[def_parent]]parent::
 	A <<def_commit_object,commit object>> contains a (possibly empty) list
 	of the logical predecessor(s) in the line of development, i.e. its
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-config.txt b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
index 8920258..861bd6f 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
@@ -16,6 +16,16 @@
 	to their corresponding remote tracking branches, and the tips of
 	these tracking branches are merged.
 
+merge.ff::
+	By default, git does not create an extra merge commit when merging
+	a commit that is a descendant of the current commit. Instead, the
+	tip of the current branch is fast-forwarded. When set to `false`,
+	this variable tells git to create an extra merge commit in such
+	a case (equivalent to giving the `--no-ff` option from the command
+	line). When set to `only`, only such fast-forward merges are
+	allowed (equivalent to giving the `--ff-only` option from the
+	command line).
+
 merge.log::
 	In addition to branch names, populate the log message with at
 	most the specified number of one-line descriptions from the
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
index 50923e2..2a3dc86 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
@@ -19,6 +19,11 @@
 This should make "--pretty=oneline" a whole lot more readable for
 people using 80-column terminals.
 
+--no-abbrev-commit::
+	Show the full 40-byte hexadecimal commit object name. This negates
+	`--abbrev-commit` and those options which imply it such as
+	"--oneline". It also overrides the 'log.abbrevCommit' variable.
+
 --oneline::
 	This is a shorthand for "--pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit"
 	used together.
@@ -30,19 +35,34 @@
 	preferred by the user.  For non plumbing commands this
 	defaults to UTF-8.
 
---no-notes::
---show-notes[=<ref>]::
+--notes[=<ref>]::
 	Show the notes (see linkgit:git-notes[1]) that annotate the
 	commit, when showing the commit log message.  This is the default
 	for `git log`, `git show` and `git whatchanged` commands when
-	there is no `--pretty`, `--format` nor `--oneline` option is
-	given on the command line.
+	there is no `--pretty`, `--format` nor `--oneline` option given
+	on the command line.
 +
-With an optional argument, add this ref to the list of notes.  The ref
-is taken to be in `refs/notes/` if it is not qualified.
+By default, the notes shown are from the notes refs listed in the
+'core.notesRef' and 'notes.displayRef' variables (or corresponding
+environment overrides). See linkgit:git-config[1] for more details.
++
+With an optional '<ref>' argument, show this notes ref instead of the
+default notes ref(s). The ref is taken to be in `refs/notes/` if it
+is not qualified.
++
+Multiple --notes options can be combined to control which notes are
+being displayed. Examples: "--notes=foo" will show only notes from
+"refs/notes/foo"; "--notes=foo --notes" will show both notes from
+"refs/notes/foo" and from the default notes ref(s).
 
+--no-notes::
+	Do not show notes. This negates the above `--notes` option, by
+	resetting the list of notes refs from which notes are shown.
+	Options are parsed in the order given on the command line, so e.g.
+	"--notes --notes=foo --no-notes --notes=bar" will only show notes
+	from "refs/notes/bar".
+
+--show-notes[=<ref>]::
 --[no-]standard-notes::
-	Enable or disable populating the notes ref list from the
-	'core.notesRef' and 'notes.displayRef' variables (or
-	corresponding environment overrides).  Enabled by default.
-	See linkgit:git-config[1].
+	These options are deprecated. Use the above --notes/--no-notes
+	options instead.
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index 73111bb..7e7ba68 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -139,6 +139,10 @@
 	is automatically prepended if missing. If pattern lacks '?', '*',
 	or '[', '/*' at the end is implied.
 
+--ignore-missing::
+
+	Upon seeing an invalid object name in the input, pretend as if
+	the bad input was not given.
 
 ifndef::git-rev-list[]
 --bisect::
@@ -730,7 +734,10 @@
 	Print a number stating how many commits would have been
 	listed, and suppress all other output.  When used together
 	with '--left-right', instead print the counts for left and
-	right commits, separated by a tab.
+	right commits, separated by a tab. When used together with
+	'--cherry-mark', omit patch equivalent commits from these
+	counts and print the count for equivalent commits separated
+	by a tab.
 endif::git-rev-list[]
 
 
diff --git a/GIT-VERSION-GEN b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
index 6219441..7f48227 100755
--- a/GIT-VERSION-GEN
+++ b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 #!/bin/sh
 
 GVF=GIT-VERSION-FILE
-DEF_VER=v1.7.5.4
+DEF_VER=v1.7.5.GIT
 
 LF='
 '
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index d2e2ea1..e40ac0c 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -24,6 +24,12 @@
 # Define NO_OPENSSL environment variable if you do not have OpenSSL.
 # This also implies BLK_SHA1.
 #
+# Define USE_LIBPCRE if you have and want to use libpcre. git-grep will be
+# able to use Perl-compatible regular expressions.
+#
+# Define LIBPCREDIR=/foo/bar if your libpcre header and library files are in
+# /foo/bar/include and /foo/bar/lib directories.
+#
 # Define NO_CURL if you do not have libcurl installed.  git-http-pull and
 # git-http-push are not built, and you cannot use http:// and https://
 # transports.
@@ -70,6 +76,9 @@
 # Define NO_FNMATCH_CASEFOLD if your fnmatch function doesn't have the
 # FNM_CASEFOLD GNU extension.
 #
+# Define NO_GECOS_IN_PWENT if you don't have pw_gecos in struct passwd
+# in the C library.
+#
 # Define NO_LIBGEN_H if you don't have libgen.h.
 #
 # Define NEEDS_LIBGEN if your libgen needs -lgen when linking
@@ -315,9 +324,7 @@
 
 export TCL_PATH TCLTK_PATH
 
-# sparse is architecture-neutral, which means that we need to tell it
-# explicitly what architecture to check for. Fix this up for yours..
-SPARSE_FLAGS = -D__BIG_ENDIAN__ -D__powerpc__
+SPARSE_FLAGS =
 
 
 
@@ -362,7 +369,6 @@
 SCRIPT_SH += git-mergetool.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-pull.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-quiltimport.sh
-SCRIPT_SH += git-rebase--interactive.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-rebase.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-repack.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-request-pull.sh
@@ -372,7 +378,11 @@
 
 SCRIPT_LIB += git-mergetool--lib
 SCRIPT_LIB += git-parse-remote
+SCRIPT_LIB += git-rebase--am
+SCRIPT_LIB += git-rebase--interactive
+SCRIPT_LIB += git-rebase--merge
 SCRIPT_LIB += git-sh-setup
+SCRIPT_LIB += git-sh-i18n
 
 SCRIPT_PERL += git-add--interactive.perl
 SCRIPT_PERL += git-difftool.perl
@@ -406,6 +416,7 @@
 PROGRAM_OBJS += show-index.o
 PROGRAM_OBJS += upload-pack.o
 PROGRAM_OBJS += http-backend.o
+PROGRAM_OBJS += sh-i18n--envsubst.o
 
 PROGRAMS += $(patsubst %.o,git-%$X,$(PROGRAM_OBJS))
 
@@ -415,8 +426,10 @@
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-delta
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-dump-cache-tree
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-genrandom
+TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-index-version
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-line-buffer
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-match-trees
+TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-mktemp
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-obj-pool
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-parse-options
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-path-utils
@@ -427,8 +440,6 @@
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-subprocess
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-svn-fe
 TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-treap
-TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-index-version
-TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-mktemp
 
 TEST_PROGRAMS = $(patsubst %,%$X,$(TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X))
 
@@ -519,6 +530,7 @@
 LIB_H += ll-merge.h
 LIB_H += log-tree.h
 LIB_H += mailmap.h
+LIB_H += merge-file.h
 LIB_H += merge-recursive.h
 LIB_H += notes.h
 LIB_H += notes-cache.h
@@ -539,6 +551,7 @@
 LIB_H += resolve-undo.h
 LIB_H += revision.h
 LIB_H += run-command.h
+LIB_H += sha1-array.h
 LIB_H += sha1-lookup.h
 LIB_H += sideband.h
 LIB_H += sigchain.h
@@ -641,6 +654,7 @@
 LIB_OBJS += run-command.o
 LIB_OBJS += server-info.o
 LIB_OBJS += setup.o
+LIB_OBJS += sha1-array.o
 LIB_OBJS += sha1-lookup.o
 LIB_OBJS += sha1_file.o
 LIB_OBJS += sha1_name.o
@@ -916,6 +930,7 @@
 	X = .exe
 	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/cygwin.o
 	UNRELIABLE_FSTAT = UnfortunatelyYes
+	SPARSE_FLAGS = -isystem /usr/include/w32api -Wno-one-bit-signed-bitfield
 endif
 ifeq ($(uname_S),FreeBSD)
 	NEEDS_LIBICONV = YesPlease
@@ -1169,6 +1184,7 @@
 	EXTLIBS += -lws2_32
 	PTHREAD_LIBS =
 	X = .exe
+	SPARSE_FLAGS = -Wno-one-bit-signed-bitfield
 ifneq (,$(wildcard ../THIS_IS_MSYSGIT))
 	htmldir=doc/git/html/
 	prefix =
@@ -1248,6 +1264,15 @@
 	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/basename.o
 endif
 
+ifdef USE_LIBPCRE
+	BASIC_CFLAGS += -DUSE_LIBPCRE
+	ifdef LIBPCREDIR
+		BASIC_CFLAGS += -I$(LIBPCREDIR)/include
+		EXTLIBS += -L$(LIBPCREDIR)/$(lib) $(CC_LD_DYNPATH)$(LIBPCREDIR)/$(lib)
+	endif
+	EXTLIBS += -lpcre
+endif
+
 ifdef NO_CURL
 	BASIC_CFLAGS += -DNO_CURL
 	REMOTE_CURL_PRIMARY =
@@ -1580,6 +1605,7 @@
 	QUIET_LNCP     = @echo '   ' LN/CP $@;
 	QUIET_XGETTEXT = @echo '   ' XGETTEXT $@;
 	QUIET_GCOV     = @echo '   ' GCOV $@;
+	QUIET_SP       = @echo '   ' SP $<;
 	QUIET_SUBDIR0  = +@subdir=
 	QUIET_SUBDIR1  = ;$(NO_SUBDIR) echo '   ' SUBDIR $$subdir; \
 			 $(MAKE) $(PRINT_DIR) -C $$subdir
@@ -1675,17 +1701,19 @@
 	$(STRIP) $(STRIP_OPTS) $(PROGRAMS) git$X
 
 git.o: common-cmds.h
-git.s git.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DGIT_VERSION='"$(GIT_VERSION)"' \
-	'-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_SQ)"'
+git.sp git.s git.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DGIT_VERSION='"$(GIT_VERSION)"' \
+	'-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_SQ)"' \
+	'-DGIT_MAN_PATH="$(mandir_SQ)"' \
+	'-DGIT_INFO_PATH="$(infodir_SQ)"'
 
 git$X: git.o $(BUILTIN_OBJS) $(GITLIBS)
 	$(QUIET_LINK)$(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) -o $@ git.o \
 		$(BUILTIN_OBJS) $(ALL_LDFLAGS) $(LIBS)
 
-help.o: common-cmds.h
+help.sp help.o: common-cmds.h
 
-builtin/help.o: common-cmds.h
-builtin/help.s builtin/help.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+builtin/help.sp builtin/help.o: common-cmds.h
+builtin/help.sp builtin/help.s builtin/help.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
 	'-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_SQ)"' \
 	'-DGIT_MAN_PATH="$(mandir_SQ)"' \
 	'-DGIT_INFO_PATH="$(infodir_SQ)"'
@@ -1945,30 +1973,34 @@
 test-svn-fe.o: vcs-svn/svndump.h
 endif
 
-exec_cmd.s exec_cmd.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+exec_cmd.sp exec_cmd.s exec_cmd.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
 	'-DGIT_EXEC_PATH="$(gitexecdir_SQ)"' \
 	'-DBINDIR="$(bindir_relative_SQ)"' \
 	'-DPREFIX="$(prefix_SQ)"'
 
-builtin/init-db.s builtin/init-db.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+builtin/init-db.sp builtin/init-db.s builtin/init-db.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
 	-DDEFAULT_GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR='"$(template_dir_SQ)"'
 
-config.s config.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DETC_GITCONFIG='"$(ETC_GITCONFIG_SQ)"'
+config.sp config.s config.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+	-DETC_GITCONFIG='"$(ETC_GITCONFIG_SQ)"'
 
-attr.s attr.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DETC_GITATTRIBUTES='"$(ETC_GITATTRIBUTES_SQ)"'
+attr.sp attr.s attr.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+	-DETC_GITATTRIBUTES='"$(ETC_GITATTRIBUTES_SQ)"'
 
-http.s http.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DGIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT='"git/$(GIT_VERSION)"'
+http.sp http.s http.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+	-DGIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT='"git/$(GIT_VERSION)"'
 
 ifdef NO_EXPAT
-http-walker.s http-walker.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DNO_EXPAT
+http-walker.sp http-walker.s http-walker.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DNO_EXPAT
 endif
 
 ifdef NO_REGEX
-compat/regex/regex.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = -DGAWK -DNO_MBSUPPORT
+compat/regex/regex.sp compat/regex/regex.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+	-DGAWK -DNO_MBSUPPORT
 endif
 
 ifdef USE_NED_ALLOCATOR
-compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
+compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.sp compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
 	-DNDEBUG -DOVERRIDE_STRDUP -DREPLACE_SYSTEM_ALLOCATOR
 endif
 
@@ -2027,10 +2059,14 @@
 	--from-code=UTF-8
 XGETTEXT_FLAGS_C = $(XGETTEXT_FLAGS) --language=C \
 	--keyword=_ --keyword=N_ --keyword="Q_:1,2"
+XGETTEXT_FLAGS_SH = $(XGETTEXT_FLAGS) --language=Shell
 LOCALIZED_C := $(C_OBJ:o=c)
+LOCALIZED_SH := $(SCRIPT_SH)
 
 po/git.pot: $(LOCALIZED_C)
-	$(QUIET_XGETTEXT)$(XGETTEXT) -o$@+ $(XGETTEXT_FLAGS_C) $(LOCALIZED_C) && \
+	$(QUIET_XGETTEXT)$(XGETTEXT) -o$@+ $(XGETTEXT_FLAGS_C) $(LOCALIZED_C)
+	$(QUIET_XGETTEXT)$(XGETTEXT) -o$@+ --join-existing $(XGETTEXT_FLAGS_SH) \
+		$(LOCALIZED_SH)
 	mv $@+ $@
 
 pot: po/git.pot
@@ -2068,6 +2104,7 @@
 	@echo PYTHON_PATH=\''$(subst ','\'',$(PYTHON_PATH_SQ))'\' >>$@
 	@echo TAR=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(TAR)))'\' >>$@
 	@echo NO_CURL=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(NO_CURL)))'\' >>$@
+	@echo USE_LIBPCRE=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(USE_LIBPCRE)))'\' >>$@
 	@echo NO_PERL=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(NO_PERL)))'\' >>$@
 	@echo NO_PYTHON=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(NO_PYTHON)))'\' >>$@
 ifdef GIT_TEST_CMP
@@ -2134,13 +2171,20 @@
 check-sha1:: test-sha1$X
 	./test-sha1.sh
 
+SP_OBJ = $(patsubst %.o,%.sp,$(C_OBJ))
+
+$(SP_OBJ): %.sp: %.c GIT-CFLAGS FORCE
+	$(QUIET_SP)cgcc -no-compile $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(EXTRA_CPPFLAGS) \
+		$(SPARSE_FLAGS) $<
+
+.PHONY: sparse $(SP_OBJ)
+sparse: $(SP_OBJ)
+
 check: common-cmds.h
-	if sparse; \
+	@if sparse; \
 	then \
-		for i in $(patsubst %.o, %.c, $(GIT_OBJS)); \
-		do \
-			sparse $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(SPARSE_FLAGS) $$i || exit; \
-		done; \
+		echo 2>&1 "Use 'make sparse' instead"; \
+		$(MAKE) --no-print-directory sparse; \
 	else \
 		echo 2>&1 "Did you mean 'make test'?"; \
 		exit 1; \
diff --git a/RelNotes b/RelNotes
index 313a3c0..5fcc4ef 120000
--- a/RelNotes
+++ b/RelNotes
@@ -1 +1 @@
-Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
\ No newline at end of file
+Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/archive.c b/archive.c
index 1944ed4..42f2d2f 100644
--- a/archive.c
+++ b/archive.c
@@ -157,6 +157,7 @@
 	struct archiver_context context;
 	struct unpack_trees_options opts;
 	struct tree_desc t;
+	struct pathspec pathspec;
 	int err;
 
 	if (args->baselen > 0 && args->base[args->baselen - 1] == '/') {
@@ -191,8 +192,10 @@
 		git_attr_set_direction(GIT_ATTR_INDEX, &the_index);
 	}
 
-	err = read_tree_recursive(args->tree, "", 0, 0, args->pathspec,
+	init_pathspec(&pathspec, args->pathspec);
+	err = read_tree_recursive(args->tree, "", 0, 0, &pathspec,
 				  write_archive_entry, &context);
+	free_pathspec(&pathspec);
 	if (err == READ_TREE_RECURSIVE)
 		err = 0;
 	return err;
@@ -221,11 +224,14 @@
 
 static int path_exists(struct tree *tree, const char *path)
 {
-	const char *pathspec[] = { path, NULL };
+	const char *paths[] = { path, NULL };
+	struct pathspec pathspec;
+	int ret;
 
-	if (read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, pathspec, reject_entry, NULL))
-		return 1;
-	return 0;
+	init_pathspec(&pathspec, paths);
+	ret = read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, &pathspec, reject_entry, NULL);
+	free_pathspec(&pathspec);
+	return ret != 0;
 }
 
 static void parse_pathspec_arg(const char **pathspec,
diff --git a/attr.c b/attr.c
index 0e28ba8..f6b3f7e 100644
--- a/attr.c
+++ b/attr.c
@@ -465,7 +465,7 @@
 	}
 }
 
-const char *git_etc_gitattributes(void)
+static const char *git_etc_gitattributes(void)
 {
 	static const char *system_wide;
 	if (!system_wide)
@@ -473,7 +473,7 @@
 	return system_wide;
 }
 
-int git_attr_system(void)
+static int git_attr_system(void)
 {
 	return !git_env_bool("GIT_ATTR_NOSYSTEM", 0);
 }
diff --git a/bisect.c b/bisect.c
index 060c042..dd7e8ed 100644
--- a/bisect.c
+++ b/bisect.c
@@ -9,13 +9,7 @@
 #include "run-command.h"
 #include "log-tree.h"
 #include "bisect.h"
-
-struct sha1_array {
-	unsigned char (*sha1)[20];
-	int sha1_nr;
-	int sha1_alloc;
-	int sorted;
-};
+#include "sha1-array.h"
 
 static struct sha1_array good_revs;
 static struct sha1_array skipped_revs;
@@ -425,22 +419,15 @@
 	argv_array_push(array, strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL));
 }
 
-static void sha1_array_push(struct sha1_array *array,
-			    const unsigned char *sha1)
-{
-	ALLOC_GROW(array->sha1, array->sha1_nr + 1, array->sha1_alloc);
-	hashcpy(array->sha1[array->sha1_nr++], sha1);
-}
-
 static int register_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1,
 			int flags, void *cb_data)
 {
 	if (!strcmp(refname, "bad")) {
 		current_bad_sha1 = sha1;
 	} else if (!prefixcmp(refname, "good-")) {
-		sha1_array_push(&good_revs, sha1);
+		sha1_array_append(&good_revs, sha1);
 	} else if (!prefixcmp(refname, "skip-")) {
-		sha1_array_push(&skipped_revs, sha1);
+		sha1_array_append(&skipped_revs, sha1);
 	}
 
 	return 0;
@@ -477,41 +464,14 @@
 	fclose(fp);
 }
 
-static int array_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
-{
-	return hashcmp(a, b);
-}
-
-static void sort_sha1_array(struct sha1_array *array)
-{
-	qsort(array->sha1, array->sha1_nr, sizeof(*array->sha1), array_cmp);
-
-	array->sorted = 1;
-}
-
-static const unsigned char *sha1_access(size_t index, void *table)
-{
-	unsigned char (*array)[20] = table;
-	return array[index];
-}
-
-static int lookup_sha1_array(struct sha1_array *array,
-			     const unsigned char *sha1)
-{
-	if (!array->sorted)
-		sort_sha1_array(array);
-
-	return sha1_pos(sha1, array->sha1, array->sha1_nr, sha1_access);
-}
-
 static char *join_sha1_array_hex(struct sha1_array *array, char delim)
 {
 	struct strbuf joined_hexs = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int i;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < array->sha1_nr; i++) {
+	for (i = 0; i < array->nr; i++) {
 		strbuf_addstr(&joined_hexs, sha1_to_hex(array->sha1[i]));
-		if (i + 1 < array->sha1_nr)
+		if (i + 1 < array->nr)
 			strbuf_addch(&joined_hexs, delim);
 	}
 
@@ -546,13 +506,13 @@
 	if (count)
 		*count = 0;
 
-	if (!skipped_revs.sha1_nr)
+	if (!skipped_revs.nr)
 		return list;
 
 	while (list) {
 		struct commit_list *next = list->next;
 		list->next = NULL;
-		if (0 <= lookup_sha1_array(&skipped_revs,
+		if (0 <= sha1_array_lookup(&skipped_revs,
 					   list->item->object.sha1)) {
 			if (skipped_first && !*skipped_first)
 				*skipped_first = 1;
@@ -647,7 +607,7 @@
 
 	*tried = NULL;
 
-	if (!skipped_revs.sha1_nr)
+	if (!skipped_revs.nr)
 		return list;
 
 	list = filter_skipped(list, tried, 0, &count, &skipped_first);
@@ -672,7 +632,7 @@
 	/* rev_argv.argv[0] will be ignored by setup_revisions */
 	argv_array_push(&rev_argv, xstrdup("bisect_rev_setup"));
 	argv_array_push_sha1(&rev_argv, current_bad_sha1, bad_format);
-	for (i = 0; i < good_revs.sha1_nr; i++)
+	for (i = 0; i < good_revs.nr; i++)
 		argv_array_push_sha1(&rev_argv, good_revs.sha1[i],
 				     good_format);
 	argv_array_push(&rev_argv, xstrdup("--"));
@@ -772,12 +732,12 @@
 
 static struct commit **get_bad_and_good_commits(int *rev_nr)
 {
-	int len = 1 + good_revs.sha1_nr;
+	int len = 1 + good_revs.nr;
 	struct commit **rev = xmalloc(len * sizeof(*rev));
 	int i, n = 0;
 
 	rev[n++] = get_commit_reference(current_bad_sha1);
-	for (i = 0; i < good_revs.sha1_nr; i++)
+	for (i = 0; i < good_revs.nr; i++)
 		rev[n++] = get_commit_reference(good_revs.sha1[i]);
 	*rev_nr = n;
 
@@ -840,9 +800,9 @@
 		const unsigned char *mb = result->item->object.sha1;
 		if (!hashcmp(mb, current_bad_sha1)) {
 			handle_bad_merge_base();
-		} else if (0 <= lookup_sha1_array(&good_revs, mb)) {
+		} else if (0 <= sha1_array_lookup(&good_revs, mb)) {
 			continue;
-		} else if (0 <= lookup_sha1_array(&skipped_revs, mb)) {
+		} else if (0 <= sha1_array_lookup(&skipped_revs, mb)) {
 			handle_skipped_merge_base(mb);
 		} else {
 			printf("Bisecting: a merge base must be tested\n");
@@ -903,7 +863,7 @@
 		return;
 
 	/* Bisecting with no good rev is ok. */
-	if (good_revs.sha1_nr == 0)
+	if (good_revs.nr == 0)
 		return;
 
 	/* Check if all good revs are ancestor of the bad rev. */
@@ -968,7 +928,7 @@
 	bisect_common(&revs);
 
 	revs.commits = find_bisection(revs.commits, &reaches, &all,
-				       !!skipped_revs.sha1_nr);
+				       !!skipped_revs.nr);
 	revs.commits = managed_skipped(revs.commits, &tried);
 
 	if (!revs.commits) {
diff --git a/builtin/add.c b/builtin/add.c
index e57abdd..c59b0c9 100644
--- a/builtin/add.c
+++ b/builtin/add.c
@@ -242,7 +242,7 @@
 	return status;
 }
 
-int interactive_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
+int interactive_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix, int patch)
 {
 	const char **pathspec = NULL;
 
@@ -253,7 +253,7 @@
 	}
 
 	return run_add_interactive(NULL,
-				   patch_interactive ? "--patch" : NULL,
+				   patch ? "--patch" : NULL,
 				   pathspec);
 }
 
@@ -378,7 +378,7 @@
 	if (patch_interactive)
 		add_interactive = 1;
 	if (add_interactive)
-		exit(interactive_add(argc - 1, argv + 1, prefix));
+		exit(interactive_add(argc - 1, argv + 1, prefix, patch_interactive));
 
 	if (edit_interactive)
 		return(edit_patch(argc, argv, prefix));
diff --git a/builtin/blame.c b/builtin/blame.c
index 41525f1..26a5d42 100644
--- a/builtin/blame.c
+++ b/builtin/blame.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
 static int blank_boundary;
 static int incremental;
 static int xdl_opts;
+static int abbrev = -1;
 
 static enum date_mode blame_date_mode = DATE_ISO8601;
 static size_t blame_date_width;
@@ -1483,13 +1484,14 @@
 /*
  * Porcelain/Incremental format wants to show a lot of details per
  * commit.  Instead of repeating this every line, emit it only once,
- * the first time each commit appears in the output.
+ * the first time each commit appears in the output (unless the
+ * user has specifically asked for us to repeat).
  */
-static int emit_one_suspect_detail(struct origin *suspect)
+static int emit_one_suspect_detail(struct origin *suspect, int repeat)
 {
 	struct commit_info ci;
 
-	if (suspect->commit->object.flags & METAINFO_SHOWN)
+	if (!repeat && (suspect->commit->object.flags & METAINFO_SHOWN))
 		return 0;
 
 	suspect->commit->object.flags |= METAINFO_SHOWN;
@@ -1528,7 +1530,7 @@
 		printf("%s %d %d %d\n",
 		       sha1_to_hex(suspect->commit->object.sha1),
 		       ent->s_lno + 1, ent->lno + 1, ent->num_lines);
-		emit_one_suspect_detail(suspect);
+		emit_one_suspect_detail(suspect, 0);
 		write_filename_info(suspect->path);
 		maybe_flush_or_die(stdout, "stdout");
 	}
@@ -1617,9 +1619,19 @@
 #define OUTPUT_SHOW_SCORE      0100
 #define OUTPUT_NO_AUTHOR       0200
 #define OUTPUT_SHOW_EMAIL	0400
+#define OUTPUT_LINE_PORCELAIN 01000
 
-static void emit_porcelain(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *ent)
+static void emit_porcelain_details(struct origin *suspect, int repeat)
 {
+	if (emit_one_suspect_detail(suspect, repeat) ||
+	    (suspect->commit->object.flags & MORE_THAN_ONE_PATH))
+		write_filename_info(suspect->path);
+}
+
+static void emit_porcelain(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *ent,
+			   int opt)
+{
+	int repeat = opt & OUTPUT_LINE_PORCELAIN;
 	int cnt;
 	const char *cp;
 	struct origin *suspect = ent->suspect;
@@ -1632,17 +1644,18 @@
 	       ent->s_lno + 1,
 	       ent->lno + 1,
 	       ent->num_lines);
-	if (emit_one_suspect_detail(suspect) ||
-	    (suspect->commit->object.flags & MORE_THAN_ONE_PATH))
-		write_filename_info(suspect->path);
+	emit_porcelain_details(suspect, repeat);
 
 	cp = nth_line(sb, ent->lno);
 	for (cnt = 0; cnt < ent->num_lines; cnt++) {
 		char ch;
-		if (cnt)
+		if (cnt) {
 			printf("%s %d %d\n", hex,
 			       ent->s_lno + 1 + cnt,
 			       ent->lno + 1 + cnt);
+			if (repeat)
+				emit_porcelain_details(suspect, 1);
+		}
 		putchar('\t');
 		do {
 			ch = *cp++;
@@ -1670,7 +1683,7 @@
 	cp = nth_line(sb, ent->lno);
 	for (cnt = 0; cnt < ent->num_lines; cnt++) {
 		char ch;
-		int length = (opt & OUTPUT_LONG_OBJECT_NAME) ? 40 : 8;
+		int length = (opt & OUTPUT_LONG_OBJECT_NAME) ? 40 : abbrev;
 
 		if (suspect->commit->object.flags & UNINTERESTING) {
 			if (blank_boundary)
@@ -1755,7 +1768,7 @@
 
 	for (ent = sb->ent; ent; ent = ent->next) {
 		if (option & OUTPUT_PORCELAIN)
-			emit_porcelain(sb, ent);
+			emit_porcelain(sb, ent, option);
 		else {
 			emit_other(sb, ent, option);
 		}
@@ -2299,6 +2312,7 @@
 		OPT_BIT('f', "show-name", &output_option, "Show original filename (Default: auto)", OUTPUT_SHOW_NAME),
 		OPT_BIT('n', "show-number", &output_option, "Show original linenumber (Default: off)", OUTPUT_SHOW_NUMBER),
 		OPT_BIT('p', "porcelain", &output_option, "Show in a format designed for machine consumption", OUTPUT_PORCELAIN),
+		OPT_BIT(0, "line-porcelain", &output_option, "Show porcelain format with per-line commit information", OUTPUT_PORCELAIN|OUTPUT_LINE_PORCELAIN),
 		OPT_BIT('c', NULL, &output_option, "Use the same output mode as git-annotate (Default: off)", OUTPUT_ANNOTATE_COMPAT),
 		OPT_BIT('t', NULL, &output_option, "Show raw timestamp (Default: off)", OUTPUT_RAW_TIMESTAMP),
 		OPT_BIT('l', NULL, &output_option, "Show long commit SHA1 (Default: off)", OUTPUT_LONG_OBJECT_NAME),
@@ -2310,6 +2324,7 @@
 		{ OPTION_CALLBACK, 'C', NULL, &opt, "score", "Find line copies within and across files", PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, blame_copy_callback },
 		{ OPTION_CALLBACK, 'M', NULL, &opt, "score", "Find line movements within and across files", PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, blame_move_callback },
 		OPT_CALLBACK('L', NULL, &bottomtop, "n,m", "Process only line range n,m, counting from 1", blame_bottomtop_callback),
+		OPT__ABBREV(&abbrev),
 		OPT_END()
 	};
 
@@ -2345,6 +2360,11 @@
 parse_done:
 	argc = parse_options_end(&ctx);
 
+	if (abbrev == -1)
+		abbrev = default_abbrev;
+	/* one more abbrev length is needed for the boundary commit */
+	abbrev++;
+
 	if (revs_file && read_ancestry(revs_file))
 		die_errno("reading graft file '%s' failed", revs_file);
 
diff --git a/builtin/branch.c b/builtin/branch.c
index 9cca1b9..d6ab93b 100644
--- a/builtin/branch.c
+++ b/builtin/branch.c
@@ -399,9 +399,7 @@
 	struct commit *commit = item->commit;
 
 	if (commit && !parse_commit(commit)) {
-		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
-		pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit,
-				    &subject, &ctx);
+		pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &subject);
 		sub = subject.buf;
 	}
 
diff --git a/builtin/checkout.c b/builtin/checkout.c
index 38632fc..28cdc51 100644
--- a/builtin/checkout.c
+++ b/builtin/checkout.c
@@ -79,7 +79,10 @@
 
 static int read_tree_some(struct tree *tree, const char **pathspec)
 {
-	read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, pathspec, update_some, NULL);
+	struct pathspec ps;
+	init_pathspec(&ps, pathspec);
+	read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, &ps, update_some, NULL);
+	free_pathspec(&ps);
 
 	/* update the index with the given tree's info
 	 * for all args, expanding wildcards, and exit
@@ -303,9 +306,8 @@
 static void describe_detached_head(const char *msg, struct commit *commit)
 {
 	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
-	struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
 	parse_commit(commit);
-	pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &sb, &ctx);
+	pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &sb);
 	fprintf(stderr, "%s %s... %s\n", msg,
 		find_unique_abbrev(commit->object.sha1, DEFAULT_ABBREV), sb.buf);
 	strbuf_release(&sb);
@@ -620,14 +622,12 @@
 
 static void describe_one_orphan(struct strbuf *sb, struct commit *commit)
 {
-	struct pretty_print_context ctx = { 0 };
-
 	parse_commit(commit);
 	strbuf_addstr(sb, "  ");
 	strbuf_addstr(sb,
 		find_unique_abbrev(commit->object.sha1, DEFAULT_ABBREV));
 	strbuf_addch(sb, ' ');
-	pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, sb, &ctx);
+	pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, sb);
 	strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
 }
 
diff --git a/builtin/commit.c b/builtin/commit.c
index 67757e9..5286432 100644
--- a/builtin/commit.c
+++ b/builtin/commit.c
@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@
 static const char *author_message, *author_message_buffer;
 static char *edit_message, *use_message;
 static char *fixup_message, *squash_message;
-static int all, edit_flag, also, interactive, only, amend, signoff;
+static int all, edit_flag, also, interactive, patch_interactive, only, amend, signoff;
 static int quiet, verbose, no_verify, allow_empty, dry_run, renew_authorship;
 static int no_post_rewrite, allow_empty_message;
 static char *untracked_files_arg, *force_date, *ignore_submodule_arg;
@@ -152,6 +152,7 @@
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('a', "all", &all, "commit all changed files"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('i', "include", &also, "add specified files to index for commit"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "interactive", &interactive, "interactively add files"),
+	OPT_BOOLEAN('p', "patch", &patch_interactive, "interactively add changes"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('o', "only", &only, "commit only specified files"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "no-verify", &no_verify, "bypass pre-commit hook"),
 	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "dry-run", &dry_run, "show what would be committed"),
@@ -336,18 +337,11 @@
 	int fd;
 	struct string_list partial;
 	const char **pathspec = NULL;
+	char *old_index_env = NULL;
 	int refresh_flags = REFRESH_QUIET;
 
 	if (is_status)
 		refresh_flags |= REFRESH_UNMERGED;
-	if (interactive) {
-		if (interactive_add(argc, argv, prefix) != 0)
-			die(_("interactive add failed"));
-		if (read_cache_preload(NULL) < 0)
-			die(_("index file corrupt"));
-		commit_style = COMMIT_AS_IS;
-		return get_index_file();
-	}
 
 	if (*argv)
 		pathspec = get_pathspec(prefix, argv);
@@ -355,6 +349,33 @@
 	if (read_cache_preload(pathspec) < 0)
 		die(_("index file corrupt"));
 
+	if (interactive) {
+		fd = hold_locked_index(&index_lock, 1);
+
+		refresh_cache_or_die(refresh_flags);
+
+		if (write_cache(fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
+		    close_lock_file(&index_lock))
+			die(_("unable to create temporary index"));
+
+		old_index_env = getenv(INDEX_ENVIRONMENT);
+		setenv(INDEX_ENVIRONMENT, index_lock.filename, 1);
+
+		if (interactive_add(argc, argv, prefix, patch_interactive) != 0)
+			die(_("interactive add failed"));
+
+		if (old_index_env && *old_index_env)
+			setenv(INDEX_ENVIRONMENT, old_index_env, 1);
+		else
+			unsetenv(INDEX_ENVIRONMENT);
+
+		discard_cache();
+		read_cache_from(index_lock.filename);
+
+		commit_style = COMMIT_NORMAL;
+		return index_lock.filename;
+	}
+
 	/*
 	 * Non partial, non as-is commit.
 	 *
@@ -615,6 +636,7 @@
 	const char *hook_arg1 = NULL;
 	const char *hook_arg2 = NULL;
 	int ident_shown = 0;
+	int clean_message_contents = (cleanup_mode != CLEANUP_NONE);
 
 	if (!no_verify && run_hook(index_file, "pre-commit", NULL))
 		return 0;
@@ -681,6 +703,7 @@
 		if (strbuf_read_file(&sb, template_file, 0) < 0)
 			die_errno(_("could not read '%s'"), template_file);
 		hook_arg1 = "template";
+		clean_message_contents = 0;
 	}
 
 	/*
@@ -708,7 +731,7 @@
 	if (s->fp == NULL)
 		die_errno(_("could not open '%s'"), git_path(commit_editmsg));
 
-	if (cleanup_mode != CLEANUP_NONE)
+	if (clean_message_contents)
 		stripspace(&sb, 0);
 
 	if (signoff) {
@@ -1041,8 +1064,11 @@
 		author_message_buffer = read_commit_message(author_message);
 	}
 
+	if (patch_interactive)
+		interactive = 1;
+
 	if (!!also + !!only + !!all + !!interactive > 1)
-		die(_("Only one of --include/--only/--all/--interactive can be used."));
+		die(_("Only one of --include/--only/--all/--interactive/--patch can be used."));
 	if (argc == 0 && (also || (only && !amend)))
 		die(_("No paths with --include/--only does not make sense."));
 	if (argc == 0 && only && amend)
@@ -1064,8 +1090,6 @@
 
 	if (all && argc > 0)
 		die(_("Paths with -a does not make sense."));
-	else if (interactive && argc > 0)
-		die(_("Paths with --interactive does not make sense."));
 
 	if (null_termination && status_format == STATUS_FORMAT_LONG)
 		status_format = STATUS_FORMAT_PORCELAIN;
diff --git a/builtin/config.c b/builtin/config.c
index 3e3c528..211e118 100644
--- a/builtin/config.c
+++ b/builtin/config.c
@@ -436,9 +436,14 @@
 			      NULL, NULL);
 	}
 	else if (actions == ACTION_SET) {
+		int ret;
 		check_argc(argc, 2, 2);
 		value = normalize_value(argv[0], argv[1]);
-		return git_config_set(argv[0], value);
+		ret = git_config_set(argv[0], value);
+		if (ret == CONFIG_NOTHING_SET)
+			error("cannot overwrite multiple values with a single value\n"
+			"       Use a regexp, --add or --set-all to change %s.", argv[0]);
+		return ret;
 	}
 	else if (actions == ACTION_SET_ALL) {
 		check_argc(argc, 2, 3);
diff --git a/builtin/fetch-pack.c b/builtin/fetch-pack.c
index 85aff02..4367984 100644
--- a/builtin/fetch-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/fetch-pack.c
@@ -226,7 +226,7 @@
 
 static void insert_alternate_refs(void)
 {
-	foreach_alt_odb(refs_from_alternate_cb, insert_one_alternate_ref);
+	for_each_alternate_ref(insert_one_alternate_ref, NULL);
 }
 
 #define INITIAL_FLUSH 16
@@ -472,8 +472,10 @@
 	}
 	if (o && o->type == OBJ_COMMIT) {
 		struct commit *commit = (struct commit *)o;
-		commit->object.flags |= COMPLETE;
-		commit_list_insert_by_date(commit, &complete);
+		if (!(commit->object.flags & COMPLETE)) {
+			commit->object.flags |= COMPLETE;
+			commit_list_insert_by_date(commit, &complete);
+		}
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/grep.c b/builtin/grep.c
index 10a1f65..871afaa 100644
--- a/builtin/grep.c
+++ b/builtin/grep.c
@@ -533,18 +533,18 @@
 static int grep_tree(struct grep_opt *opt, const struct pathspec *pathspec,
 		     struct tree_desc *tree, struct strbuf *base, int tn_len)
 {
-	int hit = 0, matched = 0;
+	int hit = 0, match = 0;
 	struct name_entry entry;
 	int old_baselen = base->len;
 
 	while (tree_entry(tree, &entry)) {
 		int te_len = tree_entry_len(entry.path, entry.sha1);
 
-		if (matched != 2) {
-			matched = tree_entry_interesting(&entry, base, tn_len, pathspec);
-			if (matched == -1)
-				break; /* no more matches */
-			if (!matched)
+		if (match != 2) {
+			match = tree_entry_interesting(&entry, base, tn_len, pathspec);
+			if (match < 0)
+				break;
+			if (match == 0)
 				continue;
 		}
 
@@ -753,6 +753,15 @@
 	int i;
 	int dummy;
 	int use_index = 1;
+	enum {
+		pattern_type_unspecified = 0,
+		pattern_type_bre,
+		pattern_type_ere,
+		pattern_type_fixed,
+		pattern_type_pcre,
+	};
+	int pattern_type = pattern_type_unspecified;
+
 	struct option options[] = {
 		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "cached", &cached,
 			"search in index instead of in the work tree"),
@@ -774,13 +783,18 @@
 			"descend at most <depth> levels", PARSE_OPT_NONEG,
 			NULL, 1 },
 		OPT_GROUP(""),
-		OPT_BIT('E', "extended-regexp", &opt.regflags,
-			"use extended POSIX regular expressions", REG_EXTENDED),
-		OPT_NEGBIT('G', "basic-regexp", &opt.regflags,
-			"use basic POSIX regular expressions (default)",
-			REG_EXTENDED),
-		OPT_BOOLEAN('F', "fixed-strings", &opt.fixed,
-			"interpret patterns as fixed strings"),
+		OPT_SET_INT('E', "extended-regexp", &pattern_type,
+			    "use extended POSIX regular expressions",
+			    pattern_type_ere),
+		OPT_SET_INT('G', "basic-regexp", &pattern_type,
+			    "use basic POSIX regular expressions (default)",
+			    pattern_type_bre),
+		OPT_SET_INT('F', "fixed-strings", &pattern_type,
+			    "interpret patterns as fixed strings",
+			    pattern_type_fixed),
+		OPT_SET_INT('P', "perl-regexp", &pattern_type,
+			    "use Perl-compatible regular expressions",
+			    pattern_type_pcre),
 		OPT_GROUP(""),
 		OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "line-number", &opt.linenum, "show line numbers"),
 		OPT_NEGBIT('h', NULL, &opt.pathname, "don't show filenames", 1),
@@ -886,6 +900,28 @@
 			     PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH |
 			     PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION |
 			     PARSE_OPT_NO_INTERNAL_HELP);
+	switch (pattern_type) {
+	case pattern_type_fixed:
+		opt.fixed = 1;
+		opt.pcre = 0;
+		break;
+	case pattern_type_bre:
+		opt.fixed = 0;
+		opt.pcre = 0;
+		opt.regflags &= ~REG_EXTENDED;
+		break;
+	case pattern_type_ere:
+		opt.fixed = 0;
+		opt.pcre = 0;
+		opt.regflags |= REG_EXTENDED;
+		break;
+	case pattern_type_pcre:
+		opt.fixed = 0;
+		opt.pcre = 1;
+		break;
+	default:
+		break; /* nothing */
+	}
 
 	if (use_index && !startup_info->have_repository)
 		/* die the same way as if we did it at the beginning */
@@ -925,8 +961,6 @@
 		die(_("no pattern given."));
 	if (!opt.fixed && opt.ignore_case)
 		opt.regflags |= REG_ICASE;
-	if ((opt.regflags != REG_NEWLINE) && opt.fixed)
-		die(_("cannot mix --fixed-strings and regexp"));
 
 #ifndef NO_PTHREADS
 	if (online_cpus() == 1 || !grep_threads_ok(&opt))
@@ -969,13 +1003,7 @@
 			verify_filename(prefix, argv[j]);
 	}
 
-	if (i < argc)
-		paths = get_pathspec(prefix, argv + i);
-	else if (prefix) {
-		paths = xcalloc(2, sizeof(const char *));
-		paths[0] = prefix;
-		paths[1] = NULL;
-	}
+	paths = get_pathspec(prefix, argv + i);
 	init_pathspec(&pathspec, paths);
 	pathspec.max_depth = opt.max_depth;
 	pathspec.recursive = 1;
diff --git a/builtin/hash-object.c b/builtin/hash-object.c
index b96f46a..33911fd 100644
--- a/builtin/hash-object.c
+++ b/builtin/hash-object.c
@@ -14,8 +14,11 @@
 {
 	struct stat st;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
+	unsigned flags = (HASH_FORMAT_CHECK |
+			  (write_object ? HASH_WRITE_OBJECT : 0));
+
 	if (fstat(fd, &st) < 0 ||
-	    index_fd(sha1, fd, &st, write_object, type_from_string(type), path, 1))
+	    index_fd(sha1, fd, &st, type_from_string(type), path, flags))
 		die(write_object
 		    ? "Unable to add %s to database"
 		    : "Unable to hash %s", path);
diff --git a/builtin/index-pack.c b/builtin/index-pack.c
index 31f001f..e40451f 100644
--- a/builtin/index-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/index-pack.c
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-#include "cache.h"
+#include "builtin.h"
 #include "delta.h"
 #include "pack.h"
 #include "csum-file.h"
diff --git a/builtin/log.c b/builtin/log.c
index 55abe07..5c2af59 100644
--- a/builtin/log.c
+++ b/builtin/log.c
@@ -23,14 +23,18 @@
 /* Set a default date-time format for git log ("log.date" config variable) */
 static const char *default_date_mode = NULL;
 
+static int default_abbrev_commit;
 static int default_show_root = 1;
 static int decoration_style;
+static int decoration_given;
 static const char *fmt_patch_subject_prefix = "PATCH";
 static const char *fmt_pretty;
 
-static const char * const builtin_log_usage =
+static const char * const builtin_log_usage[] = {
 	"git log [<options>] [<since>..<until>] [[--] <path>...]\n"
-	"   or: git show [options] <object>...";
+	"   or: git show [options] <object>...",
+	NULL
+};
 
 static int parse_decoration_style(const char *var, const char *value)
 {
@@ -49,6 +53,23 @@
 	return -1;
 }
 
+static int decorate_callback(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
+{
+	if (unset)
+		decoration_style = 0;
+	else if (arg)
+		decoration_style = parse_decoration_style("command line", arg);
+	else
+		decoration_style = DECORATE_SHORT_REFS;
+
+	if (decoration_style < 0)
+		die("invalid --decorate option: %s", arg);
+
+	decoration_given = 1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static void cmd_log_init_defaults(struct rev_info *rev)
 {
 	rev->abbrev = DEFAULT_ABBREV;
@@ -57,6 +78,7 @@
 		get_commit_format(fmt_pretty, rev);
 	rev->verbose_header = 1;
 	DIFF_OPT_SET(&rev->diffopt, RECURSIVE);
+	rev->abbrev_commit = default_abbrev_commit;
 	rev->show_root_diff = default_show_root;
 	rev->subject_prefix = fmt_patch_subject_prefix;
 	DIFF_OPT_SET(&rev->diffopt, ALLOW_TEXTCONV);
@@ -68,16 +90,29 @@
 static void cmd_log_init_finish(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix,
 			 struct rev_info *rev, struct setup_revision_opt *opt)
 {
-	int i;
-	int decoration_given = 0;
 	struct userformat_want w;
-	/*
-	 * Check for -h before setup_revisions(), or "git log -h" will
-	 * fail when run without a git directory.
-	 */
-	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h"))
-		usage(builtin_log_usage);
+	int quiet = 0, source = 0;
+
+	const struct option builtin_log_options[] = {
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "quiet", &quiet, "suppress diff output"),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "source", &source, "show source"),
+		{ OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "decorate", NULL, NULL, "decorate options",
+		  PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, decorate_callback},
+		OPT_END()
+	};
+
+	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix,
+			     builtin_log_options, builtin_log_usage,
+			     PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0 | PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN |
+			     PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH);
+
 	argc = setup_revisions(argc, argv, rev, opt);
+	if (quiet)
+		rev->diffopt.output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_NO_OUTPUT;
+
+	/* Any arguments at this point are not recognized */
+	if (argc > 1)
+		die("unrecognized argument: %s", argv[1]);
 
 	memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
 	userformat_find_requirements(NULL, &w);
@@ -94,34 +129,20 @@
 		if (rev->diffopt.pathspec.nr != 1)
 			usage("git logs can only follow renames on one pathname at a time");
 	}
-	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
-		const char *arg = argv[i];
-		if (!strcmp(arg, "--decorate")) {
-			decoration_style = DECORATE_SHORT_REFS;
-			decoration_given = 1;
-		} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--decorate=")) {
-			const char *v = skip_prefix(arg, "--decorate=");
-			decoration_style = parse_decoration_style(arg, v);
-			if (decoration_style < 0)
-				die(_("invalid --decorate option: %s"), arg);
-			decoration_given = 1;
-		} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-decorate")) {
-			decoration_style = 0;
-		} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--source")) {
-			rev->show_source = 1;
-		} else if (!strcmp(arg, "-h")) {
-			usage(builtin_log_usage);
-		} else
-			die(_("unrecognized argument: %s"), arg);
-	}
 
-	/*
-	 * defeat log.decorate configuration interacting with --pretty=raw
-	 * from the command line.
-	 */
-	if (!decoration_given && rev->pretty_given
-	    && rev->commit_format == CMIT_FMT_RAW)
-		decoration_style = 0;
+	if (source)
+		rev->show_source = 1;
+
+	if (rev->pretty_given && rev->commit_format == CMIT_FMT_RAW) {
+		/*
+		 * "log --pretty=raw" is special; ignore UI oriented
+		 * configuration variables such as decoration.
+		 */
+		if (!decoration_given)
+			decoration_style = 0;
+		if (!rev->abbrev_commit_given)
+			rev->abbrev_commit = 0;
+	}
 
 	if (decoration_style) {
 		rev->show_decorations = 1;
@@ -309,6 +330,10 @@
 		return git_config_string(&fmt_pretty, var, value);
 	if (!strcmp(var, "format.subjectprefix"))
 		return git_config_string(&fmt_patch_subject_prefix, var, value);
+	if (!strcmp(var, "log.abbrevcommit")) {
+		default_abbrev_commit = git_config_bool(var, value);
+		return 0;
+	}
 	if (!strcmp(var, "log.date"))
 		return git_config_string(&default_date_mode, var, value);
 	if (!strcmp(var, "log.decorate")) {
@@ -351,9 +376,11 @@
 static void show_tagger(char *buf, int len, struct rev_info *rev)
 {
 	struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct pretty_print_context pp = {0};
 
-	pp_user_info("Tagger", rev->commit_format, &out, buf, rev->date_mode,
-		get_log_output_encoding());
+	pp.fmt = rev->commit_format;
+	pp.date_mode = rev->date_mode;
+	pp_user_info(&pp, "Tagger", &out, buf, get_log_output_encoding());
 	printf("%s", out.buf);
 	strbuf_release(&out);
 }
@@ -414,6 +441,7 @@
 	struct rev_info rev;
 	struct object_array_entry *objects;
 	struct setup_revision_opt opt;
+	struct pathspec match_all;
 	int i, count, ret = 0;
 
 	git_config(git_log_config, NULL);
@@ -421,6 +449,7 @@
 	if (diff_use_color_default == -1)
 		diff_use_color_default = git_use_color_default;
 
+	init_pathspec(&match_all, NULL);
 	init_revisions(&rev, prefix);
 	rev.diff = 1;
 	rev.always_show_header = 1;
@@ -467,7 +496,7 @@
 					diff_get_color_opt(&rev.diffopt, DIFF_COMMIT),
 					name,
 					diff_get_color_opt(&rev.diffopt, DIFF_RESET));
-			read_tree_recursive((struct tree *)o, "", 0, 0, NULL,
+			read_tree_recursive((struct tree *)o, "", 0, 0, &match_all,
 					show_tree_object, NULL);
 			rev.shown_one = 1;
 			break;
@@ -500,11 +529,11 @@
 
 	init_revisions(&rev, prefix);
 	init_reflog_walk(&rev.reflog_info);
-	rev.abbrev_commit = 1;
 	rev.verbose_header = 1;
 	memset(&opt, 0, sizeof(opt));
 	opt.def = "HEAD";
 	cmd_log_init_defaults(&rev);
+	rev.abbrev_commit = 1;
 	rev.commit_format = CMIT_FMT_ONELINE;
 	rev.use_terminator = 1;
 	rev.always_show_header = 1;
@@ -735,10 +764,8 @@
 			      int quiet)
 {
 	const char *committer;
-	const char *subject_start = NULL;
 	const char *body = "*** SUBJECT HERE ***\n\n*** BLURB HERE ***\n";
 	const char *msg;
-	const char *extra_headers = rev->extra_headers;
 	struct shortlog log;
 	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int i;
@@ -746,6 +773,7 @@
 	struct diff_options opts;
 	int need_8bit_cte = 0;
 	struct commit *commit = NULL;
+	struct pretty_print_context pp = {0};
 
 	if (rev->commit_format != CMIT_FMT_EMAIL)
 		die(_("Cover letter needs email format"));
@@ -777,7 +805,7 @@
 		free(commit);
 	}
 
-	log_write_email_headers(rev, head, &subject_start, &extra_headers,
+	log_write_email_headers(rev, head, &pp.subject, &pp.after_subject,
 				&need_8bit_cte);
 
 	for (i = 0; !need_8bit_cte && i < nr; i++)
@@ -785,11 +813,11 @@
 			need_8bit_cte = 1;
 
 	msg = body;
-	pp_user_info(NULL, CMIT_FMT_EMAIL, &sb, committer, DATE_RFC2822,
-		     encoding);
-	pp_title_line(CMIT_FMT_EMAIL, &msg, &sb, subject_start, extra_headers,
-		      encoding, need_8bit_cte);
-	pp_remainder(CMIT_FMT_EMAIL, &msg, &sb, 0);
+	pp.fmt = CMIT_FMT_EMAIL;
+	pp.date_mode = DATE_RFC2822;
+	pp_user_info(&pp, NULL, &sb, committer, encoding);
+	pp_title_line(&pp, &msg, &sb, encoding, need_8bit_cte);
+	pp_remainder(&pp, &msg, &sb, 0);
 	printf("%s\n", sb.buf);
 
 	strbuf_release(&sb);
@@ -1153,6 +1181,7 @@
 		die (_("-n and -k are mutually exclusive."));
 	if (keep_subject && subject_prefix)
 		die (_("--subject-prefix and -k are mutually exclusive."));
+	rev.preserve_subject = keep_subject;
 
 	argc = setup_revisions(argc, argv, &rev, &s_r_opt);
 	if (argc > 1)
@@ -1383,8 +1412,7 @@
 		       find_unique_abbrev(commit->object.sha1, abbrev));
 	} else {
 		struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
-		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
-		pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &buf, &ctx);
+		pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &buf);
 		printf("%c %s %s\n", sign,
 		       find_unique_abbrev(commit->object.sha1, abbrev),
 		       buf.buf);
diff --git a/builtin/ls-files.c b/builtin/ls-files.c
index fb2d5f4..1570123 100644
--- a/builtin/ls-files.c
+++ b/builtin/ls-files.c
@@ -338,7 +338,7 @@
 {
 	struct tree *tree;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
-	const char **match;
+	struct pathspec pathspec;
 	struct cache_entry *last_stage0 = NULL;
 	int i;
 
@@ -360,10 +360,11 @@
 		static const char *(matchbuf[2]);
 		matchbuf[0] = prefix;
 		matchbuf[1] = NULL;
-		match = matchbuf;
+		init_pathspec(&pathspec, matchbuf);
+		pathspec.items[0].use_wildcard = 0;
 	} else
-		match = NULL;
-	if (read_tree(tree, 1, match))
+		init_pathspec(&pathspec, NULL);
+	if (read_tree(tree, 1, &pathspec))
 		die("unable to read tree entries %s", tree_name);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
diff --git a/builtin/ls-remote.c b/builtin/ls-remote.c
index 1a1ff87..1022309 100644
--- a/builtin/ls-remote.c
+++ b/builtin/ls-remote.c
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@
 
 static const char ls_remote_usage[] =
 "git ls-remote [--heads] [--tags]  [-u <exec> | --upload-pack <exec>]\n"
-"                     [-q|--quiet] [<repository> [<refs>...]]";
+"                     [-q|--quiet] [--exit-code] [<repository> [<refs>...]]";
 
 /*
  * Is there one among the list of patterns that match the tail part
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
 	unsigned flags = 0;
 	int get_url = 0;
 	int quiet = 0;
+	int status = 0;
 	const char *uploadpack = NULL;
 	const char **pattern = NULL;
 
@@ -74,6 +75,11 @@
 				get_url = 1;
 				continue;
 			}
+			if (!strcmp("--exit-code", arg)) {
+				/* return this code if no refs are reported */
+				status = 2;
+				continue;
+			}
 			usage(ls_remote_usage);
 		}
 		dest = arg;
@@ -121,6 +127,7 @@
 		if (!tail_match(pattern, ref->name))
 			continue;
 		printf("%s	%s\n", sha1_to_hex(ref->old_sha1), ref->name);
+		status = 0; /* we found something */
 	}
-	return 0;
+	return status;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/ls-tree.c b/builtin/ls-tree.c
index f73e6bd..f08c5b0 100644
--- a/builtin/ls-tree.c
+++ b/builtin/ls-tree.c
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@
 #define LS_SHOW_SIZE 16
 static int abbrev;
 static int ls_options;
-static const char **pathspec;
+static struct pathspec pathspec;
 static int chomp_prefix;
 static const char *ls_tree_prefix;
 
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@
 	if (ls_options & LS_RECURSIVE)
 		return 1;
 
-	s = pathspec;
+	s = pathspec.raw;
 	if (!s)
 		return 0;
 
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@
 {
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	struct tree *tree;
-	int full_tree = 0;
+	int i, full_tree = 0;
 	const struct option ls_tree_options[] = {
 		OPT_BIT('d', NULL, &ls_options, "only show trees",
 			LS_TREE_ONLY),
@@ -166,11 +166,14 @@
 	if (get_sha1(argv[0], sha1))
 		die("Not a valid object name %s", argv[0]);
 
-	pathspec = get_pathspec(prefix, argv + 1);
+	init_pathspec(&pathspec, get_pathspec(prefix, argv + 1));
+	for (i = 0; i < pathspec.nr; i++)
+		pathspec.items[i].use_wildcard = 0;
+	pathspec.has_wildcard = 0;
 	tree = parse_tree_indirect(sha1);
 	if (!tree)
 		die("not a tree object");
-	read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, pathspec, show_tree, NULL);
+	read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, &pathspec, show_tree, NULL);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/mailinfo.c b/builtin/mailinfo.c
index 71e6262..bfb32b7 100644
--- a/builtin/mailinfo.c
+++ b/builtin/mailinfo.c
@@ -400,7 +400,7 @@
 			break;
 		if (strbuf_getline(&continuation, in, '\n'))
 			break;
-		continuation.buf[0] = '\n';
+		continuation.buf[0] = ' ';
 		strbuf_rtrim(&continuation);
 		strbuf_addbuf(line, &continuation);
 	}
diff --git a/builtin/merge-tree.c b/builtin/merge-tree.c
index 1991742..897a563 100644
--- a/builtin/merge-tree.c
+++ b/builtin/merge-tree.c
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 #include "xdiff-interface.h"
 #include "blob.h"
 #include "exec_cmd.h"
+#include "merge-file.h"
 
 static const char merge_tree_usage[] = "git merge-tree <base-tree> <branch1> <branch2>";
 static int resolve_directories = 1;
@@ -54,8 +55,6 @@
 	return "removed in remote";
 }
 
-extern void *merge_file(const char *, struct blob *, struct blob *, struct blob *, unsigned long *);
-
 static void *result(struct merge_list *entry, unsigned long *size)
 {
 	enum object_type type;
diff --git a/builtin/merge.c b/builtin/merge.c
index 24445f4..325891e 100644
--- a/builtin/merge.c
+++ b/builtin/merge.c
@@ -339,13 +339,14 @@
 
 	ctx.abbrev = rev.abbrev;
 	ctx.date_mode = rev.date_mode;
+	ctx.fmt = rev.commit_format;
 
 	strbuf_addstr(&out, "Squashed commit of the following:\n");
 	while ((commit = get_revision(&rev)) != NULL) {
 		strbuf_addch(&out, '\n');
 		strbuf_addf(&out, "commit %s\n",
 			sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
-		pretty_print_commit(rev.commit_format, commit, &out, &ctx);
+		pretty_print_commit(&ctx, commit, &out);
 	}
 	if (write(fd, out.buf, out.len) < 0)
 		die_errno(_("Writing SQUASH_MSG"));
@@ -550,6 +551,15 @@
 		if (is_bool && shortlog_len)
 			shortlog_len = DEFAULT_MERGE_LOG_LEN;
 		return 0;
+	} else if (!strcmp(k, "merge.ff")) {
+		int boolval = git_config_maybe_bool(k, v);
+		if (0 <= boolval) {
+			allow_fast_forward = boolval;
+		} else if (v && !strcmp(v, "only")) {
+			allow_fast_forward = 1;
+			fast_forward_only = 1;
+		} /* do not barf on values from future versions of git */
+		return 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(k, "merge.defaulttoupstream")) {
 		default_to_upstream = git_config_bool(k, v);
 		return 0;
@@ -1081,9 +1091,12 @@
 	if (!allow_fast_forward && fast_forward_only)
 		die(_("You cannot combine --no-ff with --ff-only."));
 
-	if (!argc && !abort_current_merge && default_to_upstream)
-		argc = setup_with_upstream(&argv);
-
+	if (!abort_current_merge) {
+		if (!argc && default_to_upstream)
+			argc = setup_with_upstream(&argv);
+		else if (argc == 1 && !strcmp(argv[0], "-"))
+			argv[0] = "@{-1}";
+	}
 	if (!argc)
 		usage_with_options(builtin_merge_usage,
 			builtin_merge_options);
diff --git a/builtin/mktag.c b/builtin/mktag.c
index 324a267..640ab64 100644
--- a/builtin/mktag.c
+++ b/builtin/mktag.c
@@ -23,8 +23,8 @@
 	int ret = -1;
 	enum object_type type;
 	unsigned long size;
-	const unsigned char *repl;
-	void *buffer = read_sha1_file_repl(sha1, &type, &size, &repl);
+	void *buffer = read_sha1_file(sha1, &type, &size);
+	const unsigned char *repl = lookup_replace_object(sha1);
 
 	if (buffer) {
 		if (type == type_from_string(expected_type))
diff --git a/builtin/notes.c b/builtin/notes.c
index d6dcfcb..f8e437d 100644
--- a/builtin/notes.c
+++ b/builtin/notes.c
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
 	"git notes [--ref <notes_ref>] merge [-v | -q] [-s <strategy> ] <notes_ref>",
 	"git notes merge --commit [-v | -q]",
 	"git notes merge --abort [-v | -q]",
-	"git notes [--ref <notes_ref>] remove [<object>]",
+	"git notes [--ref <notes_ref>] remove [<object>...]",
 	"git notes [--ref <notes_ref>] prune [-n | -v]",
 	"git notes [--ref <notes_ref>] get-ref",
 	NULL
@@ -100,16 +100,6 @@
 	struct strbuf buf;
 };
 
-static void expand_notes_ref(struct strbuf *sb)
-{
-	if (!prefixcmp(sb->buf, "refs/notes/"))
-		return; /* we're happy */
-	else if (!prefixcmp(sb->buf, "notes/"))
-		strbuf_insert(sb, 0, "refs/", 5);
-	else
-		strbuf_insert(sb, 0, "refs/notes/", 11);
-}
-
 static int list_each_note(const unsigned char *object_sha1,
 		const unsigned char *note_sha1, char *note_path,
 		void *cb_data)
@@ -529,6 +519,8 @@
 	return retval;
 }
 
+static int append_edit(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+
 static int add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
 	int retval = 0, force = 0;
@@ -556,14 +548,14 @@
 	};
 
 	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options, git_notes_add_usage,
-			     0);
+			     PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0);
 
-	if (1 < argc) {
+	if (2 < argc) {
 		error(_("too many parameters"));
 		usage_with_options(git_notes_add_usage, options);
 	}
 
-	object_ref = argc ? argv[0] : "HEAD";
+	object_ref = argc > 1 ? argv[1] : "HEAD";
 
 	if (get_sha1(object_ref, object))
 		die(_("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref."), object_ref);
@@ -573,6 +565,18 @@
 
 	if (note) {
 		if (!force) {
+			if (!msg.given) {
+				/*
+				 * Redirect to "edit" subcommand.
+				 *
+				 * We only end up here if none of -m/-F/-c/-C
+				 * or -f are given. The original args are
+				 * therefore still in argv[0-1].
+				 */
+				argv[0] = "edit";
+				free_notes(t);
+				return append_edit(argc, argv, prefix);
+			}
 			retval = error(_("Cannot add notes. Found existing notes "
 				       "for object %s. Use '-f' to overwrite "
 				       "existing notes"), sha1_to_hex(object));
@@ -949,40 +953,60 @@
 	return result < 0; /* return non-zero on conflicts */
 }
 
+#define IGNORE_MISSING 1
+
+static int remove_one_note(struct notes_tree *t, const char *name, unsigned flag)
+{
+	int status;
+	unsigned char sha1[20];
+	if (get_sha1(name, sha1))
+		return error(_("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref."), name);
+	status = remove_note(t, sha1);
+	if (status)
+		fprintf(stderr, _("Object %s has no note\n"), name);
+	else
+		fprintf(stderr, _("Removing note for object %s\n"), name);
+	return (flag & IGNORE_MISSING) ? 0 : status;
+}
+
 static int remove_cmd(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
+	unsigned flag = 0;
+	int from_stdin = 0;
 	struct option options[] = {
+		OPT_BIT(0, "ignore-missing", &flag,
+			"attempt to remove non-existent note is not an error",
+			IGNORE_MISSING),
+		OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "stdin", &from_stdin,
+			    "read object names from the standard input"),
 		OPT_END()
 	};
-	const char *object_ref;
 	struct notes_tree *t;
-	unsigned char object[20];
-	int retval;
+	int retval = 0;
 
 	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options,
 			     git_notes_remove_usage, 0);
 
-	if (1 < argc) {
-		error(_("too many parameters"));
-		usage_with_options(git_notes_remove_usage, options);
-	}
-
-	object_ref = argc ? argv[0] : "HEAD";
-
-	if (get_sha1(object_ref, object))
-		die(_("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref."), object_ref);
-
 	t = init_notes_check("remove");
 
-	retval = remove_note(t, object);
-	if (retval)
-		fprintf(stderr, _("Object %s has no note\n"), sha1_to_hex(object));
-	else {
-		fprintf(stderr, _("Removing note for object %s\n"),
-			sha1_to_hex(object));
-
-		commit_notes(t, "Notes removed by 'git notes remove'");
+	if (!argc && !from_stdin) {
+		retval = remove_one_note(t, "HEAD", flag);
+	} else {
+		while (*argv) {
+			retval |= remove_one_note(t, *argv, flag);
+			argv++;
+		}
 	}
+	if (from_stdin) {
+		struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
+		while (strbuf_getwholeline(&sb, stdin, '\n') != EOF) {
+			strbuf_rtrim(&sb);
+			retval |= remove_one_note(t, sb.buf, flag);
+		}
+		strbuf_release(&sb);
+	}
+	if (!retval)
+		commit_notes(t, "Notes removed by 'git notes remove'");
 	free_notes(t);
 	return retval;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/read-tree.c b/builtin/read-tree.c
index 93c9281..df6c4c8 100644
--- a/builtin/read-tree.c
+++ b/builtin/read-tree.c
@@ -130,6 +130,7 @@
 		  PARSE_OPT_NONEG, exclude_per_directory_cb },
 		OPT_SET_INT('i', NULL, &opts.index_only,
 			    "don't check the working tree after merging", 1),
+		OPT__DRY_RUN(&opts.dry_run, "don't update the index or the work tree"),
 		OPT_SET_INT(0, "no-sparse-checkout", &opts.skip_sparse_checkout,
 			    "skip applying sparse checkout filter", 1),
 		OPT_SET_INT(0, "debug-unpack", &opts.debug_unpack,
@@ -219,7 +220,7 @@
 	if (unpack_trees(nr_trees, t, &opts))
 		return 128;
 
-	if (opts.debug_unpack)
+	if (opts.debug_unpack || opts.dry_run)
 		return 0; /* do not write the index out */
 
 	/*
diff --git a/builtin/receive-pack.c b/builtin/receive-pack.c
index e1ba4dc..e1a687a 100644
--- a/builtin/receive-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/receive-pack.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
 #include "remote.h"
 #include "transport.h"
 #include "string-list.h"
+#include "sha1-array.h"
 
 static const char receive_pack_usage[] = "git receive-pack <git-dir>";
 
@@ -731,14 +732,23 @@
 	return 1;
 }
 
-static void add_one_alternate_ref(const struct ref *ref, void *unused)
+static void add_one_alternate_sha1(const unsigned char sha1[20], void *unused)
 {
-	add_extra_ref(".have", ref->old_sha1, 0);
+	add_extra_ref(".have", sha1, 0);
+}
+
+static void collect_one_alternate_ref(const struct ref *ref, void *data)
+{
+	struct sha1_array *sa = data;
+	sha1_array_append(sa, ref->old_sha1);
 }
 
 static void add_alternate_refs(void)
 {
-	foreach_alt_odb(refs_from_alternate_cb, add_one_alternate_ref);
+	struct sha1_array sa = SHA1_ARRAY_INIT;
+	for_each_alternate_ref(collect_one_alternate_ref, &sa);
+	sha1_array_for_each_unique(&sa, add_one_alternate_sha1, NULL);
+	sha1_array_clear(&sa);
 }
 
 int cmd_receive_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
diff --git a/builtin/remote.c b/builtin/remote.c
index 8424152..9ff1cac 100644
--- a/builtin/remote.c
+++ b/builtin/remote.c
@@ -193,8 +193,8 @@
 
 	if (mirror && master)
 		die("specifying a master branch makes no sense with --mirror");
-	if (mirror && track.nr)
-		die("specifying branches to track makes no sense with --mirror");
+	if (mirror && !(mirror & MIRROR_FETCH) && track.nr)
+		die("specifying branches to track makes sense only with fetch mirrors");
 
 	name = argv[0];
 	url = argv[1];
diff --git a/builtin/rerere.c b/builtin/rerere.c
index 8235885..08213c7 100644
--- a/builtin/rerere.c
+++ b/builtin/rerere.c
@@ -12,74 +12,6 @@
 	NULL,
 };
 
-/* these values are days */
-static int cutoff_noresolve = 15;
-static int cutoff_resolve = 60;
-
-static time_t rerere_created_at(const char *name)
-{
-	struct stat st;
-	return stat(rerere_path(name, "preimage"), &st) ? (time_t) 0 : st.st_mtime;
-}
-
-static time_t rerere_last_used_at(const char *name)
-{
-	struct stat st;
-	return stat(rerere_path(name, "postimage"), &st) ? (time_t) 0 : st.st_mtime;
-}
-
-static void unlink_rr_item(const char *name)
-{
-	unlink(rerere_path(name, "thisimage"));
-	unlink(rerere_path(name, "preimage"));
-	unlink(rerere_path(name, "postimage"));
-	rmdir(git_path("rr-cache/%s", name));
-}
-
-static int git_rerere_gc_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
-{
-	if (!strcmp(var, "gc.rerereresolved"))
-		cutoff_resolve = git_config_int(var, value);
-	else if (!strcmp(var, "gc.rerereunresolved"))
-		cutoff_noresolve = git_config_int(var, value);
-	else
-		return git_default_config(var, value, cb);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static void garbage_collect(struct string_list *rr)
-{
-	struct string_list to_remove = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;
-	DIR *dir;
-	struct dirent *e;
-	int i, cutoff;
-	time_t now = time(NULL), then;
-
-	git_config(git_rerere_gc_config, NULL);
-	dir = opendir(git_path("rr-cache"));
-	if (!dir)
-		die_errno("unable to open rr-cache directory");
-	while ((e = readdir(dir))) {
-		if (is_dot_or_dotdot(e->d_name))
-			continue;
-
-		then = rerere_last_used_at(e->d_name);
-		if (then) {
-			cutoff = cutoff_resolve;
-		} else {
-			then = rerere_created_at(e->d_name);
-			if (!then)
-				continue;
-			cutoff = cutoff_noresolve;
-		}
-		if (then < now - cutoff * 86400)
-			string_list_append(&to_remove, e->d_name);
-	}
-	for (i = 0; i < to_remove.nr; i++)
-		unlink_rr_item(to_remove.items[i].string);
-	string_list_clear(&to_remove, 0);
-}
-
 static int outf(void *dummy, mmbuffer_t *ptr, int nbuf)
 {
 	int i;
@@ -148,14 +80,9 @@
 		return 0;
 
 	if (!strcmp(argv[0], "clear")) {
-		for (i = 0; i < merge_rr.nr; i++) {
-			const char *name = (const char *)merge_rr.items[i].util;
-			if (!has_rerere_resolution(name))
-				unlink_rr_item(name);
-		}
-		unlink_or_warn(git_path("MERGE_RR"));
+		rerere_clear(&merge_rr);
 	} else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "gc"))
-		garbage_collect(&merge_rr);
+		rerere_gc(&merge_rr);
 	else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "status"))
 		for (i = 0; i < merge_rr.nr; i++)
 			printf("%s\n", merge_rr.items[i].string);
diff --git a/builtin/rev-list.c b/builtin/rev-list.c
index 9bfb942..56727e8 100644
--- a/builtin/rev-list.c
+++ b/builtin/rev-list.c
@@ -55,7 +55,9 @@
 	graph_show_commit(revs->graph);
 
 	if (revs->count) {
-		if (commit->object.flags & SYMMETRIC_LEFT)
+		if (commit->object.flags & PATCHSAME)
+			revs->count_same++;
+		else if (commit->object.flags & SYMMETRIC_LEFT)
 			revs->count_left++;
 		else
 			revs->count_right++;
@@ -102,7 +104,8 @@
 		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
 		ctx.abbrev = revs->abbrev;
 		ctx.date_mode = revs->date_mode;
-		pretty_print_commit(revs->commit_format, commit, &buf, &ctx);
+		ctx.fmt = revs->commit_format;
+		pretty_print_commit(&ctx, commit, &buf);
 		if (revs->graph) {
 			if (buf.len) {
 				if (revs->commit_format != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
@@ -406,8 +409,12 @@
 			     &info);
 
 	if (revs.count) {
-		if (revs.left_right)
+		if (revs.left_right && revs.cherry_mark)
+			printf("%d\t%d\t%d\n", revs.count_left, revs.count_right, revs.count_same);
+		else if (revs.left_right)
 			printf("%d\t%d\n", revs.count_left, revs.count_right);
+		else if (revs.cherry_mark)
+			printf("%d\t%d\n", revs.count_left + revs.count_right, revs.count_same);
 		else
 			printf("%d\n", revs.count_left + revs.count_right);
 	}
diff --git a/builtin/rev-parse.c b/builtin/rev-parse.c
index adb1cae..4c19f84 100644
--- a/builtin/rev-parse.c
+++ b/builtin/rev-parse.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
 		"--branches=",
 		"--branches",
 		"--header",
+		"--ignore-missing",
 		"--max-age=",
 		"--max-count=",
 		"--min-age=",
diff --git a/builtin/shortlog.c b/builtin/shortlog.c
index f5efc67..37f3193 100644
--- a/builtin/shortlog.c
+++ b/builtin/shortlog.c
@@ -29,9 +29,6 @@
 		return -1;
 }
 
-const char *format_subject(struct strbuf *sb, const char *msg,
-			   const char *line_separator);
-
 static void insert_one_record(struct shortlog *log,
 			      const char *author,
 			      const char *oneline)
@@ -141,9 +138,8 @@
 	const char *author = NULL, *buffer;
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct strbuf ufbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
-	struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
 
-	pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_RAW, commit, &buf, &ctx);
+	pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_RAW, commit, &buf);
 	buffer = buf.buf;
 	while (*buffer && *buffer != '\n') {
 		const char *eol = strchr(buffer, '\n');
@@ -162,11 +158,12 @@
 		    sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
 	if (log->user_format) {
 		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
+		ctx.fmt = CMIT_FMT_USERFORMAT;
 		ctx.abbrev = log->abbrev;
 		ctx.subject = "";
 		ctx.after_subject = "";
 		ctx.date_mode = DATE_NORMAL;
-		pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_USERFORMAT, commit, &ufbuf, &ctx);
+		pretty_print_commit(&ctx, commit, &ufbuf);
 		buffer = ufbuf.buf;
 	} else if (*buffer) {
 		buffer++;
diff --git a/builtin/show-branch.c b/builtin/show-branch.c
index da69581..facc63a 100644
--- a/builtin/show-branch.c
+++ b/builtin/show-branch.c
@@ -12,16 +12,6 @@
 };
 
 static int showbranch_use_color = -1;
-static char column_colors[][COLOR_MAXLEN] = {
-	GIT_COLOR_RED,
-	GIT_COLOR_GREEN,
-	GIT_COLOR_YELLOW,
-	GIT_COLOR_BLUE,
-	GIT_COLOR_MAGENTA,
-	GIT_COLOR_CYAN,
-};
-
-#define COLUMN_COLORS_MAX (ARRAY_SIZE(column_colors))
 
 static int default_num;
 static int default_alloc;
@@ -37,7 +27,7 @@
 static const char *get_color_code(int idx)
 {
 	if (showbranch_use_color)
-		return column_colors[idx];
+		return column_colors_ansi[idx % column_colors_ansi_max];
 	return "";
 }
 
@@ -293,8 +283,7 @@
 	struct commit_name *name = commit->util;
 
 	if (commit->object.parsed) {
-		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
-		pretty_print_commit(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &pretty, &ctx);
+		pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &pretty);
 		pretty_str = pretty.buf;
 	}
 	if (!prefixcmp(pretty_str, "[PATCH] "))
@@ -892,7 +881,7 @@
 				for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
 					putchar(' ');
 				printf("%s%c%s [%s] ",
-				       get_color_code(i % COLUMN_COLORS_MAX),
+				       get_color_code(i),
 				       is_head ? '*' : '!',
 				       get_color_reset_code(), ref_name[i]);
 			}
@@ -954,7 +943,7 @@
 				else
 					mark = '+';
 				printf("%s%c%s",
-				       get_color_code(i % COLUMN_COLORS_MAX),
+				       get_color_code(i),
 				       mark, get_color_reset_code());
 			}
 			putchar(' ');
diff --git a/builtin/tag.c b/builtin/tag.c
index b66b34a..ec926fc 100644
--- a/builtin/tag.c
+++ b/builtin/tag.c
@@ -352,11 +352,22 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int strbuf_check_tag_ref(struct strbuf *sb, const char *name)
+{
+	if (name[0] == '-')
+		return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
+
+	strbuf_reset(sb);
+	strbuf_addf(sb, "refs/tags/%s", name);
+
+	return check_ref_format(sb->buf);
+}
+
 int cmd_tag(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 {
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf ref = STRBUF_INIT;
 	unsigned char object[20], prev[20];
-	char ref[PATH_MAX];
 	const char *object_ref, *tag;
 	struct ref_lock *lock;
 
@@ -452,12 +463,10 @@
 	if (get_sha1(object_ref, object))
 		die(_("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref."), object_ref);
 
-	if (snprintf(ref, sizeof(ref), "refs/tags/%s", tag) > sizeof(ref) - 1)
-		die(_("tag name too long: %.*s..."), 50, tag);
-	if (check_ref_format(ref))
+	if (strbuf_check_tag_ref(&ref, tag))
 		die(_("'%s' is not a valid tag name."), tag);
 
-	if (!resolve_ref(ref, prev, 1, NULL))
+	if (!resolve_ref(ref.buf, prev, 1, NULL))
 		hashclr(prev);
 	else if (!force)
 		die(_("tag '%s' already exists"), tag);
@@ -466,14 +475,15 @@
 		create_tag(object, tag, &buf, msg.given || msgfile,
 			   sign, prev, object);
 
-	lock = lock_any_ref_for_update(ref, prev, 0);
+	lock = lock_any_ref_for_update(ref.buf, prev, 0);
 	if (!lock)
-		die(_("%s: cannot lock the ref"), ref);
+		die(_("%s: cannot lock the ref"), ref.buf);
 	if (write_ref_sha1(lock, object, NULL) < 0)
-		die(_("%s: cannot update the ref"), ref);
+		die(_("%s: cannot update the ref"), ref.buf);
 	if (force && hashcmp(prev, object))
 		printf(_("Updated tag '%s' (was %s)\n"), tag, find_unique_abbrev(prev, DEFAULT_ABBREV));
 
 	strbuf_release(&buf);
+	strbuf_release(&ref);
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/update-index.c b/builtin/update-index.c
index d7850c6..f14bc90 100644
--- a/builtin/update-index.c
+++ b/builtin/update-index.c
@@ -99,7 +99,8 @@
 	fill_stat_cache_info(ce, st);
 	ce->ce_mode = ce_mode_from_stat(old, st->st_mode);
 
-	if (index_path(ce->sha1, path, st, !info_only))
+	if (index_path(ce->sha1, path, st,
+		       info_only ? 0 : HASH_WRITE_OBJECT))
 		return -1;
 	option = allow_add ? ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD : 0;
 	option |= allow_replace ? ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_REPLACE : 0;
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index ce73e1f..e11cf6a 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -511,15 +511,18 @@
 	struct pathspec_item {
 		const char *match;
 		int len;
-		unsigned int has_wildcard:1;
+		unsigned int use_wildcard:1;
 	} *items;
 };
 
 extern int init_pathspec(struct pathspec *, const char **);
 extern void free_pathspec(struct pathspec *);
 extern int ce_path_match(const struct cache_entry *ce, const struct pathspec *pathspec);
-extern int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st, int write_object, enum object_type type, const char *path, int format_check);
-extern int index_path(unsigned char *sha1, const char *path, struct stat *st, int write_object);
+
+#define HASH_WRITE_OBJECT 1
+#define HASH_FORMAT_CHECK 2
+extern int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st, enum object_type type, const char *path, unsigned flags);
+extern int index_path(unsigned char *sha1, const char *path, struct stat *st, unsigned flags);
 extern void fill_stat_cache_info(struct cache_entry *ce, struct stat *st);
 
 #define REFRESH_REALLY		0x0001	/* ignore_valid */
@@ -606,7 +609,7 @@
 #endif
 };
 
-extern enum eol eol;
+extern enum eol core_eol;
 
 enum branch_track {
 	BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED = -1,
@@ -676,14 +679,24 @@
 extern char *sha1_pack_index_name(const unsigned char *sha1);
 extern const char *find_unique_abbrev(const unsigned char *sha1, int);
 extern const unsigned char null_sha1[20];
-static inline int is_null_sha1(const unsigned char *sha1)
-{
-	return !memcmp(sha1, null_sha1, 20);
-}
+
 static inline int hashcmp(const unsigned char *sha1, const unsigned char *sha2)
 {
-	return memcmp(sha1, sha2, 20);
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 20; i++, sha1++, sha2++) {
+		if (*sha1 != *sha2)
+			return *sha1 - *sha2;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
 }
+
+static inline int is_null_sha1(const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	return !hashcmp(sha1, null_sha1);
+}
+
 static inline void hashcpy(unsigned char *sha_dst, const unsigned char *sha_src)
 {
 	memcpy(sha_dst, sha_src, 20);
@@ -746,13 +759,23 @@
 int daemon_avoid_alias(const char *path);
 int offset_1st_component(const char *path);
 
-/* Read and unpack a sha1 file into memory, write memory to a sha1 file */
-extern int sha1_object_info(const unsigned char *, unsigned long *);
-extern void *read_sha1_file_repl(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *size, const unsigned char **replacement);
+/* object replacement */
+#define READ_SHA1_FILE_REPLACE 1
+extern void *read_sha1_file_extended(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *size, unsigned flag);
 static inline void *read_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *size)
 {
-	return read_sha1_file_repl(sha1, type, size, NULL);
+	return read_sha1_file_extended(sha1, type, size, READ_SHA1_FILE_REPLACE);
 }
+extern const unsigned char *do_lookup_replace_object(const unsigned char *sha1);
+static inline const unsigned char *lookup_replace_object(const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	if (!read_replace_refs)
+		return sha1;
+	return do_lookup_replace_object(sha1);
+}
+
+/* Read and unpack a sha1 file into memory, write memory to a sha1 file */
+extern int sha1_object_info(const unsigned char *, unsigned long *);
 extern int hash_sha1_file(const void *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type, unsigned char *sha1);
 extern int write_sha1_file(const void *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type, unsigned char *return_sha1);
 extern int pretend_sha1_file(void *, unsigned long, enum object_type, unsigned char *);
@@ -790,15 +813,15 @@
 };
 
 extern int get_sha1(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1);
-extern int get_sha1_with_mode_1(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1, unsigned *mode, int gently, const char *prefix);
+extern int get_sha1_with_mode_1(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1, unsigned *mode, int only_to_die, const char *prefix);
 static inline int get_sha1_with_mode(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1, unsigned *mode)
 {
-	return get_sha1_with_mode_1(str, sha1, mode, 1, NULL);
+	return get_sha1_with_mode_1(str, sha1, mode, 0, NULL);
 }
-extern int get_sha1_with_context_1(const char *name, unsigned char *sha1, struct object_context *orc, int gently, const char *prefix);
+extern int get_sha1_with_context_1(const char *name, unsigned char *sha1, struct object_context *orc, int only_to_die, const char *prefix);
 static inline int get_sha1_with_context(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1, struct object_context *orc)
 {
-	return get_sha1_with_context_1(str, sha1, orc, 1, NULL);
+	return get_sha1_with_context_1(str, sha1, orc, 0, NULL);
 }
 extern int get_sha1_hex(const char *hex, unsigned char *sha1);
 extern char *sha1_to_hex(const unsigned char *sha1);	/* static buffer result! */
@@ -1003,6 +1026,16 @@
 /* Dumb servers support */
 extern int update_server_info(int);
 
+/* git_config_parse_key() returns these negated: */
+#define CONFIG_INVALID_KEY 1
+#define CONFIG_NO_SECTION_OR_NAME 2
+/* git_config_set(), git_config_set_multivar() return the above or these: */
+#define CONFIG_NO_LOCK -1
+#define CONFIG_INVALID_FILE 3
+#define CONFIG_NO_WRITE 4
+#define CONFIG_NOTHING_SET 5
+#define CONFIG_INVALID_PATTERN 6
+
 typedef int (*config_fn_t)(const char *, const char *, void *);
 extern int git_default_config(const char *, const char *, void *);
 extern int git_config_from_file(config_fn_t fn, const char *, void *);
diff --git a/color.c b/color.c
index 417cf8f..3db214c 100644
--- a/color.c
+++ b/color.c
@@ -3,6 +3,28 @@
 
 int git_use_color_default = 0;
 
+/*
+ * The list of available column colors.
+ */
+const char *column_colors_ansi[] = {
+	GIT_COLOR_RED,
+	GIT_COLOR_GREEN,
+	GIT_COLOR_YELLOW,
+	GIT_COLOR_BLUE,
+	GIT_COLOR_MAGENTA,
+	GIT_COLOR_CYAN,
+	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_RED,
+	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_GREEN,
+	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_YELLOW,
+	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_BLUE,
+	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_MAGENTA,
+	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_CYAN,
+	GIT_COLOR_RESET,
+};
+
+/* Ignore the RESET at the end when giving the size */
+const int column_colors_ansi_max = ARRAY_SIZE(column_colors_ansi) - 1;
+
 static int parse_color(const char *name, int len)
 {
 	static const char * const color_names[] = {
diff --git a/color.h b/color.h
index c0528cf..68a926a 100644
--- a/color.h
+++ b/color.h
@@ -53,6 +53,9 @@
  */
 extern int git_use_color_default;
 
+/* A default list of colors to use for commit graphs and show-branch output */
+extern const char *column_colors_ansi[];
+extern const int column_colors_ansi_max;
 
 /*
  * Use this instead of git_default_config if you need the value of color.ui.
diff --git a/commit.h b/commit.h
index 4198513..a2d571b 100644
--- a/commit.h
+++ b/commit.h
@@ -69,9 +69,11 @@
 };
 
 struct pretty_print_context {
+	enum cmit_fmt fmt;
 	int abbrev;
 	const char *subject;
 	const char *after_subject;
+	int preserve_subject;
 	enum date_mode date_mode;
 	int need_8bit_cte;
 	int show_notes;
@@ -90,24 +92,26 @@
 extern char *reencode_commit_message(const struct commit *commit,
 				     const char **encoding_p);
 extern void get_commit_format(const char *arg, struct rev_info *);
+extern const char *format_subject(struct strbuf *sb, const char *msg,
+				  const char *line_separator);
 extern void userformat_find_requirements(const char *fmt, struct userformat_want *w);
 extern void format_commit_message(const struct commit *commit,
 				  const char *format, struct strbuf *sb,
 				  const struct pretty_print_context *context);
-extern void pretty_print_commit(enum cmit_fmt fmt, const struct commit *commit,
-				struct strbuf *sb,
-				const struct pretty_print_context *context);
-void pp_user_info(const char *what, enum cmit_fmt fmt, struct strbuf *sb,
-		   const char *line, enum date_mode dmode,
-		   const char *encoding);
-void pp_title_line(enum cmit_fmt fmt,
+extern void pretty_print_commit(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
+				const struct commit *commit,
+				struct strbuf *sb);
+extern void pp_commit_easy(enum cmit_fmt fmt, const struct commit *commit,
+			   struct strbuf *sb);
+void pp_user_info(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
+		  const char *what, struct strbuf *sb,
+		  const char *line, const char *encoding);
+void pp_title_line(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
 		   const char **msg_p,
 		   struct strbuf *sb,
-		   const char *subject,
-		   const char *after_subject,
 		   const char *encoding,
 		   int need_8bit_cte);
-void pp_remainder(enum cmit_fmt fmt,
+void pp_remainder(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
 		  const char **msg_p,
 		  struct strbuf *sb,
 		  int indent);
@@ -143,8 +147,6 @@
 int register_commit_graft(struct commit_graft *, int);
 struct commit_graft *lookup_commit_graft(const unsigned char *sha1);
 
-const unsigned char *lookup_replace_object(const unsigned char *sha1);
-
 extern struct commit_list *get_merge_bases(struct commit *rev1, struct commit *rev2, int cleanup);
 extern struct commit_list *get_merge_bases_many(struct commit *one, int n, struct commit **twos, int cleanup);
 extern struct commit_list *get_octopus_merge_bases(struct commit_list *in);
@@ -159,7 +161,7 @@
 int is_descendant_of(struct commit *, struct commit_list *);
 int in_merge_bases(struct commit *, struct commit **, int);
 
-extern int interactive_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+extern int interactive_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix, int patch);
 extern int run_add_interactive(const char *revision, const char *patch_mode,
 			       const char **pathspec);
 
diff --git a/compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c b/compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c
index 14feac7..9473aed 100644
--- a/compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c
+++ b/compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c
@@ -127,6 +127,10 @@
 extern int errno;
 # endif
 
+# ifndef NULL
+#  define NULL 0
+# endif
+
 /* This function doesn't exist on most systems.  */
 
 # if !defined HAVE___STRCHRNUL && !defined _LIBC
diff --git a/compat/mingw.c b/compat/mingw.c
index 4423961..f6e9ff7 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.c
+++ b/compat/mingw.c
@@ -1381,6 +1381,13 @@
 	return setsockopt(s, lvl, optname, (const char*)optval, optlen);
 }
 
+#undef shutdown
+int mingw_shutdown(int sockfd, int how)
+{
+	SOCKET s = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd);
+	return shutdown(s, how);
+}
+
 #undef listen
 int mingw_listen(int sockfd, int backlog)
 {
diff --git a/compat/mingw.h b/compat/mingw.h
index 62eccd3..547568b 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.h
+++ b/compat/mingw.h
@@ -217,6 +217,9 @@
 int mingw_setsockopt(int sockfd, int lvl, int optname, void *optval, int optlen);
 #define setsockopt mingw_setsockopt
 
+int mingw_shutdown(int sockfd, int how);
+#define shutdown mingw_shutdown
+
 int mingw_listen(int sockfd, int backlog);
 #define listen mingw_listen
 
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index 61de4d6..e0b3b80 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -121,23 +121,21 @@
 
 static char *parse_value(void)
 {
-	static char value[1024];
-	int quote = 0, comment = 0, len = 0, space = 0;
+	static struct strbuf value = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int quote = 0, comment = 0, space = 0;
 
+	strbuf_reset(&value);
 	for (;;) {
 		int c = get_next_char();
-		if (len >= sizeof(value) - 1)
-			return NULL;
 		if (c == '\n') {
 			if (quote)
 				return NULL;
-			value[len] = 0;
-			return value;
+			return value.buf;
 		}
 		if (comment)
 			continue;
 		if (isspace(c) && !quote) {
-			if (len)
+			if (value.len)
 				space++;
 			continue;
 		}
@@ -148,7 +146,7 @@
 			}
 		}
 		for (; space; space--)
-			value[len++] = ' ';
+			strbuf_addch(&value, ' ');
 		if (c == '\\') {
 			c = get_next_char();
 			switch (c) {
@@ -170,14 +168,14 @@
 			default:
 				return NULL;
 			}
-			value[len++] = c;
+			strbuf_addch(&value, c);
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (c == '"') {
 			quote = 1-quote;
 			continue;
 		}
-		value[len++] = c;
+		strbuf_addch(&value, c);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -573,7 +571,7 @@
 
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.autocrlf")) {
 		if (value && !strcasecmp(value, "input")) {
-			if (eol == EOL_CRLF)
+			if (core_eol == EOL_CRLF)
 				return error("core.autocrlf=input conflicts with core.eol=crlf");
 			auto_crlf = AUTO_CRLF_INPUT;
 			return 0;
@@ -593,14 +591,14 @@
 
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.eol")) {
 		if (value && !strcasecmp(value, "lf"))
-			eol = EOL_LF;
+			core_eol = EOL_LF;
 		else if (value && !strcasecmp(value, "crlf"))
-			eol = EOL_CRLF;
+			core_eol = EOL_CRLF;
 		else if (value && !strcasecmp(value, "native"))
-			eol = EOL_NATIVE;
+			core_eol = EOL_NATIVE;
 		else
-			eol = EOL_UNSET;
-		if (eol == EOL_CRLF && auto_crlf == AUTO_CRLF_INPUT)
+			core_eol = EOL_UNSET;
+		if (core_eol == EOL_CRLF && auto_crlf == AUTO_CRLF_INPUT)
 			return error("core.autocrlf=input conflicts with core.eol=crlf");
 		return 0;
 	}
@@ -1104,12 +1102,12 @@
 
 	if (last_dot == NULL || last_dot == key) {
 		error("key does not contain a section: %s", key);
-		return -2;
+		return -CONFIG_NO_SECTION_OR_NAME;
 	}
 
 	if (!last_dot[1]) {
 		error("key does not contain variable name: %s", key);
-		return -2;
+		return -CONFIG_NO_SECTION_OR_NAME;
 	}
 
 	baselen = last_dot - key;
@@ -1146,7 +1144,7 @@
 
 out_free_ret_1:
 	free(*store_key);
-	return -1;
+	return -CONFIG_INVALID_KEY;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1202,7 +1200,7 @@
 	if (fd < 0) {
 		error("could not lock config file %s: %s", config_filename, strerror(errno));
 		free(store.key);
-		ret = -1;
+		ret = CONFIG_NO_LOCK;
 		goto out_free;
 	}
 
@@ -1216,12 +1214,12 @@
 		if ( ENOENT != errno ) {
 			error("opening %s: %s", config_filename,
 			      strerror(errno));
-			ret = 3; /* same as "invalid config file" */
+			ret = CONFIG_INVALID_FILE; /* same as "invalid config file" */
 			goto out_free;
 		}
 		/* if nothing to unset, error out */
 		if (value == NULL) {
-			ret = 5;
+			ret = CONFIG_NOTHING_SET;
 			goto out_free;
 		}
 
@@ -1249,7 +1247,7 @@
 					REG_EXTENDED)) {
 				error("invalid pattern: %s", value_regex);
 				free(store.value_regex);
-				ret = 6;
+				ret = CONFIG_INVALID_PATTERN;
 				goto out_free;
 			}
 		}
@@ -1271,7 +1269,7 @@
 				regfree(store.value_regex);
 				free(store.value_regex);
 			}
-			ret = 3;
+			ret = CONFIG_INVALID_FILE;
 			goto out_free;
 		}
 
@@ -1284,7 +1282,7 @@
 		/* if nothing to unset, or too many matches, error out */
 		if ((store.seen == 0 && value == NULL) ||
 				(store.seen > 1 && multi_replace == 0)) {
-			ret = 5;
+			ret = CONFIG_NOTHING_SET;
 			goto out_free;
 		}
 
@@ -1345,7 +1343,7 @@
 
 	if (commit_lock_file(lock) < 0) {
 		error("could not commit config file %s", config_filename);
-		ret = 4;
+		ret = CONFIG_NO_WRITE;
 		goto out_free;
 	}
 
diff --git a/config.mak.in b/config.mak.in
index 1258528..ab37101 100644
--- a/config.mak.in
+++ b/config.mak.in
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@
 NO_ICONV=@NO_ICONV@
 OLD_ICONV=@OLD_ICONV@
 NO_REGEX=@NO_REGEX@
+USE_LIBPCRE=@USE_LIBPCRE@
 NO_DEFLATE_BOUND=@NO_DEFLATE_BOUND@
 INLINE=@INLINE@
 SOCKLEN_T=@SOCKLEN_T@
diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index fafd815..048a1d4 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -220,6 +220,27 @@
 AS_HELP_STRING([],              [ARG can be prefix for openssl library and headers]),\
 GIT_PARSE_WITH(openssl))
 #
+# Define USE_LIBPCRE if you have and want to use libpcre. git-grep will be
+# able to use Perl-compatible regular expressions.
+#
+# Define LIBPCREDIR=/foo/bar if your libpcre header and library files are in
+# /foo/bar/include and /foo/bar/lib directories.
+#
+AC_ARG_WITH(libpcre,
+AS_HELP_STRING([--with-libpcre],[support Perl-compatible regexes (default is NO)])
+AS_HELP_STRING([],           [ARG can be also prefix for libpcre library and headers]),
+if test "$withval" = "no"; then \
+	USE_LIBPCRE=; \
+elif test "$withval" = "yes"; then \
+	USE_LIBPCRE=YesPlease; \
+else
+	USE_LIBPCRE=YesPlease; \
+	LIBPCREDIR=$withval; \
+	AC_MSG_NOTICE([Setting LIBPCREDIR to $withval]); \
+	GIT_CONF_APPEND_LINE(LIBPCREDIR=$withval); \
+fi \
+)
+#
 # Define NO_CURL if you do not have curl installed.  git-http-pull and
 # git-http-push are not built, and you cannot use http:// and https://
 # transports.
@@ -435,6 +456,25 @@
 AC_SUBST(NO_OPENSSL)
 
 #
+# Define USE_LIBPCRE if you have and want to use libpcre. git-grep will be
+# able to use Perl-compatible regular expressions.
+#
+
+if test -n "$USE_LIBPCRE"; then
+
+GIT_STASH_FLAGS($LIBPCREDIR)
+
+AC_CHECK_LIB([pcre], [pcre_version],
+[USE_LIBPCRE=YesPlease],
+[USE_LIBPCRE=])
+
+GIT_UNSTASH_FLAGS($LIBPCREDIR)
+
+AC_SUBST(USE_LIBPCRE)
+
+fi
+
+#
 # Define NO_CURL if you do not have libcurl installed.  git-http-pull and
 # git-http-push are not built, and you cannot use http:// and https://
 # transports.
diff --git a/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash b/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
index a7d20df..b36290f 100755
--- a/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
+++ b/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 #!bash
 #
-# bash completion support for core Git.
+# bash/zsh completion support for core Git.
 #
 # Copyright (C) 2006,2007 Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
 # Conceptually based on gitcompletion (http://gitweb.hawaga.org.uk/).
@@ -18,16 +18,12 @@
 # To use these routines:
 #
 #    1) Copy this file to somewhere (e.g. ~/.git-completion.sh).
-#    2) Added the following line to your .bashrc:
-#        source ~/.git-completion.sh
-#
-#       Or, add the following lines to your .zshrc:
-#        autoload bashcompinit
-#        bashcompinit
+#    2) Add the following line to your .bashrc/.zshrc:
 #        source ~/.git-completion.sh
 #
 #    3) Consider changing your PS1 to also show the current branch:
-#        PS1='[\u@\h \W$(__git_ps1 " (%s)")]\$ '
+#         Bash: PS1='[\u@\h \W$(__git_ps1 " (%s)")]\$ '
+#         ZSH:  PS1='[%n@%m %c$(__git_ps1 " (%s)")]\$ '
 #
 #       The argument to __git_ps1 will be displayed only if you
 #       are currently in a git repository.  The %s token will be
@@ -77,6 +73,10 @@
 #       git@vger.kernel.org
 #
 
+if [[ -n ${ZSH_VERSION-} ]]; then
+	autoload -U +X bashcompinit && bashcompinit
+fi
+
 case "$COMP_WORDBREAKS" in
 *:*) : great ;;
 *)   COMP_WORDBREAKS="$COMP_WORDBREAKS:"
@@ -489,12 +489,12 @@
 # generates completion reply with compgen
 __gitcomp ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
+	local cur_="$cur"
+
 	if [ $# -gt 2 ]; then
-		cur="$3"
+		cur_="$3"
 	fi
-	case "$cur" in
+	case "$cur_" in
 	--*=)
 		COMPREPLY=()
 		;;
@@ -502,7 +502,7 @@
 		local IFS=$'\n'
 		COMPREPLY=($(compgen -P "${2-}" \
 			-W "$(__gitcomp_1 "${1-}" "${4-}")" \
-			-- "$cur"))
+			-- "$cur_"))
 		;;
 	esac
 }
@@ -551,8 +551,7 @@
 __git_refs ()
 {
 	local i is_hash=y dir="$(__gitdir "${1-}")" track="${2-}"
-	local cur format refs
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
+	local format refs
 	if [ -d "$dir" ]; then
 		case "$cur" in
 		refs|refs/*)
@@ -629,12 +628,12 @@
 __git_remotes ()
 {
 	local i ngoff IFS=$'\n' d="$(__gitdir)"
-	shopt -q nullglob || ngoff=1
-	shopt -s nullglob
+	__git_shopt -q nullglob || ngoff=1
+	__git_shopt -s nullglob
 	for i in "$d/remotes"/*; do
 		echo ${i#$d/remotes/}
 	done
-	[ "$ngoff" ] && shopt -u nullglob
+	[ "$ngoff" ] && __git_shopt -u nullglob
 	for i in $(git --git-dir="$d" config --get-regexp 'remote\..*\.url' 2>/dev/null); do
 		i="${i#remote.}"
 		echo "${i/.url*/}"
@@ -666,19 +665,18 @@
 
 __git_complete_revlist_file ()
 {
-	local pfx ls ref cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
-	case "$cur" in
+	local pfx ls ref cur_="$cur"
+	case "$cur_" in
 	*..?*:*)
 		return
 		;;
 	?*:*)
-		ref="${cur%%:*}"
-		cur="${cur#*:}"
-		case "$cur" in
+		ref="${cur_%%:*}"
+		cur_="${cur_#*:}"
+		case "$cur_" in
 		?*/*)
-			pfx="${cur%/*}"
-			cur="${cur##*/}"
+			pfx="${cur_%/*}"
+			cur_="${cur_##*/}"
 			ls="$ref:$pfx"
 			pfx="$pfx/"
 			;;
@@ -708,17 +706,17 @@
 				           s,$,/,
 				       }
 				       s/^.*	//')" \
-			-- "$cur"))
+			-- "$cur_"))
 		;;
 	*...*)
-		pfx="${cur%...*}..."
-		cur="${cur#*...}"
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		pfx="${cur_%...*}..."
+		cur_="${cur_#*...}"
+		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		;;
 	*..*)
-		pfx="${cur%..*}.."
-		cur="${cur#*..}"
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		pfx="${cur_%..*}.."
+		cur_="${cur_#*..}"
+		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		;;
 	*)
 		__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)"
@@ -739,9 +737,7 @@
 
 __git_complete_remote_or_refspec ()
 {
-	local cur words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur words cword
-	local cmd="${words[1]}"
+	local cur_="$cur" cmd="${words[1]}"
 	local i c=2 remote="" pfx="" lhs=1 no_complete_refspec=0
 	while [ $c -lt $cword ]; do
 		i="${words[c]}"
@@ -771,40 +767,40 @@
 		return
 	fi
 	[ "$remote" = "." ] && remote=
-	case "$cur" in
+	case "$cur_" in
 	*:*)
 		case "$COMP_WORDBREAKS" in
 		*:*) : great ;;
-		*)   pfx="${cur%%:*}:" ;;
+		*)   pfx="${cur_%%:*}:" ;;
 		esac
-		cur="${cur#*:}"
+		cur_="${cur_#*:}"
 		lhs=0
 		;;
 	+*)
 		pfx="+"
-		cur="${cur#+}"
+		cur_="${cur_#+}"
 		;;
 	esac
 	case "$cmd" in
 	fetch)
 		if [ $lhs = 1 ]; then
-			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs2 "$remote")" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs2 "$remote")" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		else
-			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		fi
 		;;
 	pull)
 		if [ $lhs = 1 ]; then
-			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs "$remote")" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs "$remote")" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		else
-			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		fi
 		;;
 	push)
 		if [ $lhs = 1 ]; then
-			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs)" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		else
-			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs "$remote")" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			__gitcomp "$(__git_refs "$remote")" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		fi
 		;;
 	esac
@@ -812,8 +808,6 @@
 
 __git_complete_strategy ()
 {
-	local cur prev
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur prev
 	__git_compute_merge_strategies
 	case "$prev" in
 	-s|--strategy)
@@ -991,8 +985,7 @@
 # __git_find_on_cmdline requires 1 argument
 __git_find_on_cmdline ()
 {
-	local word subcommand c=1 words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: words cword
+	local word subcommand c=1
 	while [ $c -lt $cword ]; do
 		word="${words[c]}"
 		for subcommand in $1; do
@@ -1007,8 +1000,7 @@
 
 __git_has_doubledash ()
 {
-	local c=1 words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: words cword
+	local c=1
 	while [ $c -lt $cword ]; do
 		if [ "--" = "${words[c]}" ]; then
 			return 0
@@ -1022,8 +1014,7 @@
 
 _git_am ()
 {
-	local cur dir="$(__gitdir)"
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
+	local dir="$(__gitdir)"
 	if [ -d "$dir"/rebase-apply ]; then
 		__gitcomp "--skip --continue --resolved --abort"
 		return
@@ -1047,8 +1038,6 @@
 
 _git_apply ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--whitespace=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_whitespacelist" "" "${cur##--whitespace=}"
@@ -1071,8 +1060,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1086,8 +1073,6 @@
 
 _git_archive ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--format=*)
 		__gitcomp "$(git archive --list)" "" "${cur##--format=}"
@@ -1135,9 +1120,8 @@
 
 _git_branch ()
 {
-	local i c=1 only_local_ref="n" has_r="n" cur words cword
+	local i c=1 only_local_ref="n" has_r="n"
 
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur words cword
 	while [ $c -lt $cword ]; do
 		i="${words[c]}"
 		case "$i" in
@@ -1167,8 +1151,6 @@
 
 _git_bundle ()
 {
-	local words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: words cword
 	local cmd="${words[2]}"
 	case "$cword" in
 	2)
@@ -1191,8 +1173,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--conflict=*)
 		__gitcomp "diff3 merge" "" "${cur##--conflict=}"
@@ -1222,8 +1202,6 @@
 
 _git_cherry_pick ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--edit --no-commit"
@@ -1238,8 +1216,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--dry-run --quiet"
@@ -1251,8 +1227,6 @@
 
 _git_clone ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1279,8 +1253,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--cleanup=*)
 		__gitcomp "default strip verbatim whitespace
@@ -1315,8 +1287,6 @@
 
 _git_describe ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1348,8 +1318,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--cached --staged --pickaxe-all --pickaxe-regex
@@ -1370,8 +1338,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--tool=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_mergetools_common kompare" "" "${cur##--tool=}"
@@ -1396,8 +1362,6 @@
 
 _git_fetch ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_fetch_options"
@@ -1409,8 +1373,6 @@
 
 _git_format_patch ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--thread=*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1442,8 +1404,6 @@
 
 _git_fsck ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1458,8 +1418,6 @@
 
 _git_gc ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--prune --aggressive"
@@ -1478,15 +1436,14 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
 			--cached
 			--text --ignore-case --word-regexp --invert-match
-			--full-name
+			--full-name --line-number
 			--extended-regexp --basic-regexp --fixed-strings
+			--perl-regexp
 			--files-with-matches --name-only
 			--files-without-match
 			--max-depth
@@ -1502,8 +1459,6 @@
 
 _git_help ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--all --info --man --web"
@@ -1521,8 +1476,6 @@
 
 _git_init ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--shared=*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1542,8 +1495,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--cached --deleted --modified --others --ignored
@@ -1584,7 +1535,7 @@
 __git_log_gitk_options="
 	--dense --sparse --full-history
 	--simplify-merges --simplify-by-decoration
-	--left-right
+	--left-right --notes --no-notes
 "
 # Options that go well for log and shortlog (not gitk)
 __git_log_shortlog_options="
@@ -1604,8 +1555,6 @@
 	if [ -f "$g/MERGE_HEAD" ]; then
 		merge="--merge"
 	fi
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--pretty=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_log_pretty_formats $(__git_pretty_aliases)
@@ -1659,8 +1608,6 @@
 {
 	__git_complete_strategy && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_merge_options"
@@ -1671,8 +1618,6 @@
 
 _git_mergetool ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--tool=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_mergetools_common tortoisemerge" "" "${cur##--tool=}"
@@ -1693,8 +1638,6 @@
 
 _git_mv ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--dry-run"
@@ -1713,8 +1656,6 @@
 {
 	local subcommands='add append copy edit list prune remove show'
 	local subcommand="$(__git_find_on_cmdline "$subcommands")"
-	local cur words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur words cword
 
 	case "$subcommand,$cur" in
 	,--*)
@@ -1764,8 +1705,6 @@
 {
 	__git_complete_strategy && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1781,8 +1720,6 @@
 
 _git_push ()
 {
-	local cur prev
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur prev
 	case "$prev" in
 	--repo)
 		__gitcomp "$(__git_remotes)"
@@ -1807,8 +1744,6 @@
 _git_rebase ()
 {
 	local dir="$(__gitdir)"
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	if [ -d "$dir"/rebase-apply ] || [ -d "$dir"/rebase-merge ]; then
 		__gitcomp "--continue --skip --abort"
 		return
@@ -1850,8 +1785,6 @@
 
 _git_send_email ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--confirm=*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -1893,8 +1826,6 @@
 
 __git_config_get_set_variables ()
 {
-	local words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: words cword
 	local prevword word config_file= c=$cword
 	while [ $c -gt 1 ]; do
 		word="${words[c]}"
@@ -1925,8 +1856,6 @@
 
 _git_config ()
 {
-	local cur prev
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur prev
 	case "$prev" in
 	branch.*.remote)
 		__gitcomp "$(__git_remotes)"
@@ -2012,70 +1941,60 @@
 		return
 		;;
 	branch.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
-		__gitcomp "remote merge mergeoptions rebase" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
+		__gitcomp "remote merge mergeoptions rebase" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	branch.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur#*.}"
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_heads)" "$pfx" "$cur" "."
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur#*.}"
+		__gitcomp "$(__git_heads)" "$pfx" "$cur_" "."
 		return
 		;;
 	guitool.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
 		__gitcomp "
 			argprompt cmd confirm needsfile noconsole norescan
 			prompt revprompt revunmerged title
-			" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	difftool.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
-		__gitcomp "cmd path" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
+		__gitcomp "cmd path" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	man.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
-		__gitcomp "cmd path" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
+		__gitcomp "cmd path" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	mergetool.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
-		__gitcomp "cmd path trustExitCode" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
+		__gitcomp "cmd path trustExitCode" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	pager.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur#*.}"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur#*.}"
 		__git_compute_all_commands
-		__gitcomp "$__git_all_commands" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		__gitcomp "$__git_all_commands" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	remote.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
 		__gitcomp "
 			url proxy fetch push mirror skipDefaultUpdate
 			receivepack uploadpack tagopt pushurl
-			" "$pfx" "$cur"
+			" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	remote.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur#*.}"
-		__gitcomp "$(__git_remotes)" "$pfx" "$cur" "."
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur#*.}"
+		__gitcomp "$(__git_remotes)" "$pfx" "$cur_" "."
 		return
 		;;
 	url.*.*)
-		local pfx="${cur%.*}."
-		cur="${cur##*.}"
-		__gitcomp "insteadOf pushInsteadOf" "$pfx" "$cur"
+		local pfx="${cur%.*}." cur_="${cur##*.}"
+		__gitcomp "insteadOf pushInsteadOf" "$pfx" "$cur_"
 		return
 		;;
 	esac
@@ -2396,8 +2315,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--merge --mixed --hard --soft --patch"
@@ -2409,8 +2326,6 @@
 
 _git_revert ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--edit --mainline --no-edit --no-commit --signoff"
@@ -2424,8 +2339,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "--cached --dry-run --ignore-unmatch --quiet"
@@ -2439,8 +2352,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -2458,8 +2369,6 @@
 {
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--pretty=*)
 		__gitcomp "$__git_log_pretty_formats $(__git_pretty_aliases)
@@ -2483,8 +2392,6 @@
 
 _git_show_branch ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -2501,8 +2408,6 @@
 
 _git_stash ()
 {
-	local cur
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	local save_opts='--keep-index --no-keep-index --quiet --patch'
 	local subcommands='save list show apply clear drop pop create branch'
 	local subcommand="$(__git_find_on_cmdline "$subcommands")"
@@ -2547,8 +2452,6 @@
 
 	local subcommands="add status init update summary foreach sync"
 	if [ -z "$(__git_find_on_cmdline "$subcommands")" ]; then
-		local cur
-		_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 		case "$cur" in
 		--*)
 			__gitcomp "--quiet --cached"
@@ -2592,8 +2495,6 @@
 			--edit --rmdir --find-copies-harder --copy-similarity=
 			"
 
-		local cur
-		_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 		case "$subcommand,$cur" in
 		fetch,--*)
 			__gitcomp "--revision= --fetch-all $fc_opts"
@@ -2665,8 +2566,6 @@
 _git_tag ()
 {
 	local i c=1 f=0
-	local words cword prev
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: words cword prev
 	while [ $c -lt $cword ]; do
 		i="${words[c]}"
 		case "$i" in
@@ -2716,8 +2615,8 @@
 		typeset -h words
 	fi
 
-	local cur words cword
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur words cword
+	local cur words cword prev
+	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur words cword prev
 	while [ $c -lt $cword ]; do
 		i="${words[c]}"
 		case "$i" in
@@ -2771,15 +2670,16 @@
 		typeset -h words
 	fi
 
+	local cur words cword prev
+	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur words cword prev
+
 	__git_has_doubledash && return
 
-	local cur
 	local g="$(__gitdir)"
 	local merge=""
 	if [ -f "$g/MERGE_HEAD" ]; then
 		merge="--merge"
 	fi
-	_get_comp_words_by_ref -n =: cur
 	case "$cur" in
 	--*)
 		__gitcomp "
@@ -2808,7 +2708,7 @@
 fi
 
 if [[ -n ${ZSH_VERSION-} ]]; then
-	shopt () {
+	__git_shopt () {
 		local option
 		if [ $# -ne 2 ]; then
 			echo "USAGE: $0 (-q|-s|-u) <option>" >&2
@@ -2831,4 +2731,8 @@
 			return 1
 		esac
 	}
+else
+	__git_shopt () {
+		shopt "$@"
+	}
 fi
diff --git a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4 b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4
index 78e5b3a..98d2aee 100755
--- a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4
+++ b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4
@@ -474,6 +474,47 @@
         self.usage = "usage: %prog [options]"
         self.needsGit = True
 
+class P4UserMap:
+    def __init__(self):
+        self.userMapFromPerforceServer = False
+
+    def getUserCacheFilename(self):
+        home = os.environ.get("HOME", os.environ.get("USERPROFILE"))
+        return home + "/.gitp4-usercache.txt"
+
+    def getUserMapFromPerforceServer(self):
+        if self.userMapFromPerforceServer:
+            return
+        self.users = {}
+        self.emails = {}
+
+        for output in p4CmdList("users"):
+            if not output.has_key("User"):
+                continue
+            self.users[output["User"]] = output["FullName"] + " <" + output["Email"] + ">"
+            self.emails[output["Email"]] = output["User"]
+
+
+        s = ''
+        for (key, val) in self.users.items():
+            s += "%s\t%s\n" % (key.expandtabs(1), val.expandtabs(1))
+
+        open(self.getUserCacheFilename(), "wb").write(s)
+        self.userMapFromPerforceServer = True
+
+    def loadUserMapFromCache(self):
+        self.users = {}
+        self.userMapFromPerforceServer = False
+        try:
+            cache = open(self.getUserCacheFilename(), "rb")
+            lines = cache.readlines()
+            cache.close()
+            for line in lines:
+                entry = line.strip().split("\t")
+                self.users[entry[0]] = entry[1]
+        except IOError:
+            self.getUserMapFromPerforceServer()
+
 class P4Debug(Command):
     def __init__(self):
         Command.__init__(self)
@@ -554,13 +595,16 @@
 
         return True
 
-class P4Submit(Command):
+class P4Submit(Command, P4UserMap):
     def __init__(self):
         Command.__init__(self)
+        P4UserMap.__init__(self)
         self.options = [
                 optparse.make_option("--verbose", dest="verbose", action="store_true"),
                 optparse.make_option("--origin", dest="origin"),
                 optparse.make_option("-M", dest="detectRenames", action="store_true"),
+                # preserve the user, requires relevant p4 permissions
+                optparse.make_option("--preserve-user", dest="preserveUser", action="store_true"),
         ]
         self.description = "Submit changes from git to the perforce depot."
         self.usage += " [name of git branch to submit into perforce depot]"
@@ -568,7 +612,9 @@
         self.origin = ""
         self.detectRenames = False
         self.verbose = False
+        self.preserveUser = gitConfig("git-p4.preserveUser").lower() == "true"
         self.isWindows = (platform.system() == "Windows")
+        self.myP4UserId = None
 
     def check(self):
         if len(p4CmdList("opened ...")) > 0:
@@ -602,6 +648,99 @@
 
         return result
 
+    def p4UserForCommit(self,id):
+        # Return the tuple (perforce user,git email) for a given git commit id
+        self.getUserMapFromPerforceServer()
+        gitEmail = read_pipe("git log --max-count=1 --format='%%ae' %s" % id)
+        gitEmail = gitEmail.strip()
+        if not self.emails.has_key(gitEmail):
+            return (None,gitEmail)
+        else:
+            return (self.emails[gitEmail],gitEmail)
+
+    def checkValidP4Users(self,commits):
+        # check if any git authors cannot be mapped to p4 users
+        for id in commits:
+            (user,email) = self.p4UserForCommit(id)
+            if not user:
+                msg = "Cannot find p4 user for email %s in commit %s." % (email, id)
+                if gitConfig('git-p4.allowMissingP4Users').lower() == "true":
+                    print "%s" % msg
+                else:
+                    die("Error: %s\nSet git-p4.allowMissingP4Users to true to allow this." % msg)
+
+    def lastP4Changelist(self):
+        # Get back the last changelist number submitted in this client spec. This
+        # then gets used to patch up the username in the change. If the same
+        # client spec is being used by multiple processes then this might go
+        # wrong.
+        results = p4CmdList("client -o")        # find the current client
+        client = None
+        for r in results:
+            if r.has_key('Client'):
+                client = r['Client']
+                break
+        if not client:
+            die("could not get client spec")
+        results = p4CmdList("changes -c %s -m 1" % client)
+        for r in results:
+            if r.has_key('change'):
+                return r['change']
+        die("Could not get changelist number for last submit - cannot patch up user details")
+
+    def modifyChangelistUser(self, changelist, newUser):
+        # fixup the user field of a changelist after it has been submitted.
+        changes = p4CmdList("change -o %s" % changelist)
+        if len(changes) != 1:
+            die("Bad output from p4 change modifying %s to user %s" %
+                (changelist, newUser))
+
+        c = changes[0]
+        if c['User'] == newUser: return   # nothing to do
+        c['User'] = newUser
+        input = marshal.dumps(c)
+
+        result = p4CmdList("change -f -i", stdin=input)
+        for r in result:
+            if r.has_key('code'):
+                if r['code'] == 'error':
+                    die("Could not modify user field of changelist %s to %s:%s" % (changelist, newUser, r['data']))
+            if r.has_key('data'):
+                print("Updated user field for changelist %s to %s" % (changelist, newUser))
+                return
+        die("Could not modify user field of changelist %s to %s" % (changelist, newUser))
+
+    def canChangeChangelists(self):
+        # check to see if we have p4 admin or super-user permissions, either of
+        # which are required to modify changelists.
+        results = p4CmdList("protects %s" % self.depotPath)
+        for r in results:
+            if r.has_key('perm'):
+                if r['perm'] == 'admin':
+                    return 1
+                if r['perm'] == 'super':
+                    return 1
+        return 0
+
+    def p4UserId(self):
+        if self.myP4UserId:
+            return self.myP4UserId
+
+        results = p4CmdList("user -o")
+        for r in results:
+            if r.has_key('User'):
+                self.myP4UserId = r['User']
+                return r['User']
+        die("Could not find your p4 user id")
+
+    def p4UserIsMe(self, p4User):
+        # return True if the given p4 user is actually me
+        me = self.p4UserId()
+        if not p4User or p4User != me:
+            return False
+        else:
+            return True
+
     def prepareSubmitTemplate(self):
         # remove lines in the Files section that show changes to files outside the depot path we're committing into
         template = ""
@@ -631,6 +770,8 @@
     def applyCommit(self, id):
         print "Applying %s" % (read_pipe("git log --max-count=1 --pretty=oneline %s" % id))
 
+        (p4User, gitEmail) = self.p4UserForCommit(id)
+
         if not self.detectRenames:
             # If not explicitly set check the config variable
             self.detectRenames = gitConfig("git-p4.detectRenames").lower() == "true"
@@ -748,6 +889,10 @@
 
         if self.interactive:
             submitTemplate = self.prepareLogMessage(template, logMessage)
+
+            if self.preserveUser:
+               submitTemplate = submitTemplate + ("\n######## Actual user %s, modified after commit\n" % p4User)
+
             if os.environ.has_key("P4DIFF"):
                 del(os.environ["P4DIFF"])
             diff = ""
@@ -764,6 +909,11 @@
                     newdiff += "+" + line
                 f.close()
 
+            if self.checkAuthorship and not self.p4UserIsMe(p4User):
+                submitTemplate += "######## git author %s does not match your p4 account.\n" % gitEmail
+                submitTemplate += "######## Use git-p4 option --preserve-user to modify authorship\n"
+                submitTemplate += "######## Use git-p4 config git-p4.skipUserNameCheck hides this message.\n"
+
             separatorLine = "######## everything below this line is just the diff #######\n"
 
             [handle, fileName] = tempfile.mkstemp()
@@ -781,8 +931,13 @@
                 editor = read_pipe("git var GIT_EDITOR").strip()
             system(editor + " " + fileName)
 
+            if gitConfig("git-p4.skipSubmitEditCheck") == "true":
+                checkModTime = False
+            else:
+                checkModTime = True
+
             response = "y"
-            if os.stat(fileName).st_mtime <= mtime:
+            if checkModTime and (os.stat(fileName).st_mtime <= mtime):
                 response = "x"
                 while response != "y" and response != "n":
                     response = raw_input("Submit template unchanged. Submit anyway? [y]es, [n]o (skip this patch) ")
@@ -795,6 +950,14 @@
                 if self.isWindows:
                     submitTemplate = submitTemplate.replace("\r\n", "\n")
                 p4_write_pipe("submit -i", submitTemplate)
+
+                if self.preserveUser:
+                    if p4User:
+                        # Get last changelist number. Cannot easily get it from
+                        # the submit command output as the output is unmarshalled.
+                        changelist = self.lastP4Changelist()
+                        self.modifyChangelistUser(changelist, p4User)
+
             else:
                 for f in editedFiles:
                     p4_system("revert \"%s\"" % f);
@@ -831,6 +994,10 @@
         if len(self.origin) == 0:
             self.origin = upstream
 
+        if self.preserveUser:
+            if not self.canChangeChangelists():
+                die("Cannot preserve user names without p4 super-user or admin permissions")
+
         if self.verbose:
             print "Origin branch is " + self.origin
 
@@ -858,6 +1025,14 @@
             commits.append(line.strip())
         commits.reverse()
 
+        if self.preserveUser or (gitConfig("git-p4.skipUserNameCheck") == "true"):
+            self.checkAuthorship = False
+        else:
+            self.checkAuthorship = True
+
+        if self.preserveUser:
+            self.checkValidP4Users(commits)
+
         while len(commits) > 0:
             commit = commits[0]
             commits = commits[1:]
@@ -877,11 +1052,12 @@
 
         return True
 
-class P4Sync(Command):
+class P4Sync(Command, P4UserMap):
     delete_actions = ( "delete", "move/delete", "purge" )
 
     def __init__(self):
         Command.__init__(self)
+        P4UserMap.__init__(self)
         self.options = [
                 optparse.make_option("--branch", dest="branch"),
                 optparse.make_option("--detect-branches", dest="detectBranches", action="store_true"),
@@ -1236,41 +1412,6 @@
                     print ("Tag %s does not match with change %s: file count is different."
                            % (labelDetails["label"], change))
 
-    def getUserCacheFilename(self):
-        home = os.environ.get("HOME", os.environ.get("USERPROFILE"))
-        return home + "/.gitp4-usercache.txt"
-
-    def getUserMapFromPerforceServer(self):
-        if self.userMapFromPerforceServer:
-            return
-        self.users = {}
-
-        for output in p4CmdList("users"):
-            if not output.has_key("User"):
-                continue
-            self.users[output["User"]] = output["FullName"] + " <" + output["Email"] + ">"
-
-
-        s = ''
-        for (key, val) in self.users.items():
-            s += "%s\t%s\n" % (key.expandtabs(1), val.expandtabs(1))
-
-        open(self.getUserCacheFilename(), "wb").write(s)
-        self.userMapFromPerforceServer = True
-
-    def loadUserMapFromCache(self):
-        self.users = {}
-        self.userMapFromPerforceServer = False
-        try:
-            cache = open(self.getUserCacheFilename(), "rb")
-            lines = cache.readlines()
-            cache.close()
-            for line in lines:
-                entry = line.strip().split("\t")
-                self.users[entry[0]] = entry[1]
-        except IOError:
-            self.getUserMapFromPerforceServer()
-
     def getLabels(self):
         self.labels = {}
 
diff --git a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt
index e09da44..caa4bb3 100644
--- a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt
+++ b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt
@@ -110,6 +110,12 @@
 
 You can override the reference branch with the --origin=mysourcebranch option.
 
+The Perforce changelists will be created with the user who ran git-p4. If you
+use --preserve-user then git-p4 will attempt to create Perforce changelists
+with the Perforce user corresponding to the git commit author. You need to
+have sufficient permissions within Perforce, and the git users need to have
+Perforce accounts. Permissions can be granted using 'p4 protect'.
+
 If a submit fails you may have to "p4 resolve" and submit manually. You can
 continue importing the remaining changes with
 
@@ -196,6 +202,36 @@
 both filter the files cloned by git and set the directory layout as
 specified in the client (this implies --keep-path style semantics).
 
+git-p4.skipSubmitModTimeCheck
+
+  git config [--global] git-p4.skipSubmitModTimeCheck false
+
+If true, submit will not check if the p4 change template has been modified.
+
+git-p4.preserveUser
+
+  git config [--global] git-p4.preserveUser false
+
+If true, attempt to preserve user names by modifying the p4 changelists. See
+the "--preserve-user" submit option.
+
+git-p4.allowMissingPerforceUsers
+
+  git config [--global] git-p4.allowMissingP4Users false
+
+If git-p4 is setting the perforce user for a commit (--preserve-user) then
+if there is no perforce user corresponding to the git author, git-p4 will
+stop. With allowMissingPerforceUsers set to true, git-p4 will use the
+current user (i.e. the behavior without --preserve-user) and carry on with
+the perforce commit.
+
+git-p4.skipUserNameCheck
+
+  git config [--global] git-p4.skipUserNameCheck false
+
+When submitting, git-p4 checks that the git commits are authored by the current
+p4 user, and warns if they are not. This disables the check.
+
 Implementation Details...
 =========================
 
diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index 7eb51b1..efc7e07 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@
  * translation when the "text" attribute or "auto_crlf" option is set.
  */
 
-enum action {
+enum crlf_action {
 	CRLF_GUESS = -1,
 	CRLF_BINARY = 0,
 	CRLF_TEXT,
@@ -94,9 +94,9 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static enum eol determine_output_conversion(enum action action)
+static enum eol output_eol(enum crlf_action crlf_action)
 {
-	switch (action) {
+	switch (crlf_action) {
 	case CRLF_BINARY:
 		return EOL_UNSET;
 	case CRLF_CRLF:
@@ -113,19 +113,19 @@
 			return EOL_CRLF;
 		else if (auto_crlf == AUTO_CRLF_INPUT)
 			return EOL_LF;
-		else if (eol == EOL_UNSET)
+		else if (core_eol == EOL_UNSET)
 			return EOL_NATIVE;
 	}
-	return eol;
+	return core_eol;
 }
 
-static void check_safe_crlf(const char *path, enum action action,
+static void check_safe_crlf(const char *path, enum crlf_action crlf_action,
                             struct text_stat *stats, enum safe_crlf checksafe)
 {
 	if (!checksafe)
 		return;
 
-	if (determine_output_conversion(action) == EOL_LF) {
+	if (output_eol(crlf_action) == EOL_LF) {
 		/*
 		 * CRLFs would not be restored by checkout:
 		 * check if we'd remove CRLFs
@@ -136,7 +136,7 @@
 			else /* i.e. SAFE_CRLF_FAIL */
 				die("CRLF would be replaced by LF in %s.", path);
 		}
-	} else if (determine_output_conversion(action) == EOL_CRLF) {
+	} else if (output_eol(crlf_action) == EOL_CRLF) {
 		/*
 		 * CRLFs would be added by checkout:
 		 * check if we have "naked" LFs
@@ -188,18 +188,19 @@
 }
 
 static int crlf_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t len,
-		       struct strbuf *buf, enum action action, enum safe_crlf checksafe)
+		       struct strbuf *buf,
+		       enum crlf_action crlf_action, enum safe_crlf checksafe)
 {
 	struct text_stat stats;
 	char *dst;
 
-	if (action == CRLF_BINARY ||
-	    (action == CRLF_GUESS && auto_crlf == AUTO_CRLF_FALSE) || !len)
+	if (crlf_action == CRLF_BINARY ||
+	    (crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS && auto_crlf == AUTO_CRLF_FALSE) || !len)
 		return 0;
 
 	gather_stats(src, len, &stats);
 
-	if (action == CRLF_AUTO || action == CRLF_GUESS) {
+	if (crlf_action == CRLF_AUTO || crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS) {
 		/*
 		 * We're currently not going to even try to convert stuff
 		 * that has bare CR characters. Does anybody do that crazy
@@ -214,7 +215,7 @@
 		if (is_binary(len, &stats))
 			return 0;
 
-		if (action == CRLF_GUESS) {
+		if (crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS) {
 			/*
 			 * If the file in the index has any CR in it, do not convert.
 			 * This is the new safer autocrlf handling.
@@ -224,7 +225,7 @@
 		}
 	}
 
-	check_safe_crlf(path, action, &stats, checksafe);
+	check_safe_crlf(path, crlf_action, &stats, checksafe);
 
 	/* Optimization: No CR? Nothing to convert, regardless. */
 	if (!stats.cr)
@@ -234,7 +235,7 @@
 	if (strbuf_avail(buf) + buf->len < len)
 		strbuf_grow(buf, len - buf->len);
 	dst = buf->buf;
-	if (action == CRLF_AUTO || action == CRLF_GUESS) {
+	if (crlf_action == CRLF_AUTO || crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS) {
 		/*
 		 * If we guessed, we already know we rejected a file with
 		 * lone CR, and we can strip a CR without looking at what
@@ -257,12 +258,12 @@
 }
 
 static int crlf_to_worktree(const char *path, const char *src, size_t len,
-			    struct strbuf *buf, enum action action)
+			    struct strbuf *buf, enum crlf_action crlf_action)
 {
 	char *to_free = NULL;
 	struct text_stat stats;
 
-	if (!len || determine_output_conversion(action) != EOL_CRLF)
+	if (!len || output_eol(crlf_action) != EOL_CRLF)
 		return 0;
 
 	gather_stats(src, len, &stats);
@@ -275,8 +276,8 @@
 	if (stats.lf == stats.crlf)
 		return 0;
 
-	if (action == CRLF_AUTO || action == CRLF_GUESS) {
-		if (action == CRLF_GUESS) {
+	if (crlf_action == CRLF_AUTO || crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS) {
+		if (crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS) {
 			/* If we have any CR or CRLF line endings, we do not touch it */
 			/* This is the new safer autocrlf-handling */
 			if (stats.cr > 0 || stats.crlf > 0)
@@ -474,30 +475,6 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void setup_convert_check(struct git_attr_check *check)
-{
-	static struct git_attr *attr_text;
-	static struct git_attr *attr_crlf;
-	static struct git_attr *attr_eol;
-	static struct git_attr *attr_ident;
-	static struct git_attr *attr_filter;
-
-	if (!attr_text) {
-		attr_text = git_attr("text");
-		attr_crlf = git_attr("crlf");
-		attr_eol = git_attr("eol");
-		attr_ident = git_attr("ident");
-		attr_filter = git_attr("filter");
-		user_convert_tail = &user_convert;
-		git_config(read_convert_config, NULL);
-	}
-	check[0].attr = attr_crlf;
-	check[1].attr = attr_ident;
-	check[2].attr = attr_filter;
-	check[3].attr = attr_eol;
-	check[4].attr = attr_text;
-}
-
 static int count_ident(const char *cp, unsigned long size)
 {
 	/*
@@ -715,7 +692,7 @@
 	return !!ATTR_TRUE(value);
 }
 
-static enum action determine_action(enum action text_attr, enum eol eol_attr)
+static enum crlf_action input_crlf_action(enum crlf_action text_attr, enum eol eol_attr)
 {
 	if (text_attr == CRLF_BINARY)
 		return CRLF_BINARY;
@@ -726,66 +703,83 @@
 	return text_attr;
 }
 
+struct conv_attrs {
+	struct convert_driver *drv;
+	enum crlf_action crlf_action;
+	enum eol eol_attr;
+	int ident;
+};
+
+static const char *conv_attr_name[] = {
+	"crlf", "ident", "filter", "eol", "text",
+};
+#define NUM_CONV_ATTRS ARRAY_SIZE(conv_attr_name)
+
+static void convert_attrs(struct conv_attrs *ca, const char *path)
+{
+	int i;
+	static struct git_attr_check ccheck[NUM_CONV_ATTRS];
+
+	if (!ccheck[0].attr) {
+		for (i = 0; i < NUM_CONV_ATTRS; i++)
+			ccheck[i].attr = git_attr(conv_attr_name[i]);
+		user_convert_tail = &user_convert;
+		git_config(read_convert_config, NULL);
+	}
+
+	if (!git_checkattr(path, NUM_CONV_ATTRS, ccheck)) {
+		ca->crlf_action = git_path_check_crlf(path, ccheck + 4);
+		if (ca->crlf_action == CRLF_GUESS)
+			ca->crlf_action = git_path_check_crlf(path, ccheck + 0);
+		ca->ident = git_path_check_ident(path, ccheck + 1);
+		ca->drv = git_path_check_convert(path, ccheck + 2);
+		ca->eol_attr = git_path_check_eol(path, ccheck + 3);
+	} else {
+		ca->drv = NULL;
+		ca->crlf_action = CRLF_GUESS;
+		ca->eol_attr = EOL_UNSET;
+		ca->ident = 0;
+	}
+}
+
 int convert_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t len,
                    struct strbuf *dst, enum safe_crlf checksafe)
 {
-	struct git_attr_check check[5];
-	enum action action = CRLF_GUESS;
-	enum eol eol_attr = EOL_UNSET;
-	int ident = 0, ret = 0;
+	int ret = 0;
 	const char *filter = NULL;
+	struct conv_attrs ca;
 
-	setup_convert_check(check);
-	if (!git_checkattr(path, ARRAY_SIZE(check), check)) {
-		struct convert_driver *drv;
-		action = git_path_check_crlf(path, check + 4);
-		if (action == CRLF_GUESS)
-			action = git_path_check_crlf(path, check + 0);
-		ident = git_path_check_ident(path, check + 1);
-		drv = git_path_check_convert(path, check + 2);
-		eol_attr = git_path_check_eol(path, check + 3);
-		if (drv && drv->clean)
-			filter = drv->clean;
-	}
+	convert_attrs(&ca, path);
+	if (ca.drv)
+		filter = ca.drv->clean;
 
 	ret |= apply_filter(path, src, len, dst, filter);
 	if (ret) {
 		src = dst->buf;
 		len = dst->len;
 	}
-	action = determine_action(action, eol_attr);
-	ret |= crlf_to_git(path, src, len, dst, action, checksafe);
+	ca.crlf_action = input_crlf_action(ca.crlf_action, ca.eol_attr);
+	ret |= crlf_to_git(path, src, len, dst, ca.crlf_action, checksafe);
 	if (ret) {
 		src = dst->buf;
 		len = dst->len;
 	}
-	return ret | ident_to_git(path, src, len, dst, ident);
+	return ret | ident_to_git(path, src, len, dst, ca.ident);
 }
 
 static int convert_to_working_tree_internal(const char *path, const char *src,
 					    size_t len, struct strbuf *dst,
 					    int normalizing)
 {
-	struct git_attr_check check[5];
-	enum action action = CRLF_GUESS;
-	enum eol eol_attr = EOL_UNSET;
-	int ident = 0, ret = 0;
+	int ret = 0;
 	const char *filter = NULL;
+	struct conv_attrs ca;
 
-	setup_convert_check(check);
-	if (!git_checkattr(path, ARRAY_SIZE(check), check)) {
-		struct convert_driver *drv;
-		action = git_path_check_crlf(path, check + 4);
-		if (action == CRLF_GUESS)
-			action = git_path_check_crlf(path, check + 0);
-		ident = git_path_check_ident(path, check + 1);
-		drv = git_path_check_convert(path, check + 2);
-		eol_attr = git_path_check_eol(path, check + 3);
-		if (drv && drv->smudge)
-			filter = drv->smudge;
-	}
+	convert_attrs(&ca, path);
+	if (ca.drv)
+		filter = ca.drv->smudge;
 
-	ret |= ident_to_worktree(path, src, len, dst, ident);
+	ret |= ident_to_worktree(path, src, len, dst, ca.ident);
 	if (ret) {
 		src = dst->buf;
 		len = dst->len;
@@ -795,8 +789,8 @@
 	 * is a smudge filter.  The filter might expect CRLFs.
 	 */
 	if (filter || !normalizing) {
-		action = determine_action(action, eol_attr);
-		ret |= crlf_to_worktree(path, src, len, dst, action);
+		ca.crlf_action = input_crlf_action(ca.crlf_action, ca.eol_attr);
+		ret |= crlf_to_worktree(path, src, len, dst, ca.crlf_action);
 		if (ret) {
 			src = dst->buf;
 			len = dst->len;
diff --git a/ctype.c b/ctype.c
index de60027..b5d856f 100644
--- a/ctype.c
+++ b/ctype.c
@@ -10,17 +10,18 @@
 	A = GIT_ALPHA,
 	D = GIT_DIGIT,
 	G = GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL,	/* *, ?, [, \\ */
-	R = GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL	/* $, (, ), +, ., ^, {, | */
+	R = GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL,	/* $, (, ), +, ., ^, {, | */
+	P = GIT_PATHSPEC_MAGIC  /* other non-alnum, except for ] and } */
 };
 
 unsigned char sane_ctype[256] = {
 	0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, S, S, 0, 0, S, 0, 0,		/*   0.. 15 */
 	0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,		/*  16.. 31 */
-	S, 0, 0, 0, R, 0, 0, 0, R, R, G, R, 0, 0, R, 0,		/*  32.. 47 */
-	D, D, D, D, D, D, D, D, D, D, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, G,		/*  48.. 63 */
-	0, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A,		/*  64.. 79 */
-	A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, G, G, 0, R, 0,		/*  80.. 95 */
-	0, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A,		/*  96..111 */
-	A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, R, R, 0, 0, 0,		/* 112..127 */
+	S, P, P, P, R, P, P, P, R, R, G, R, P, P, R, P,		/*  32.. 47 */
+	D, D, D, D, D, D, D, D, D, D, P, P, P, P, P, G,		/*  48.. 63 */
+	P, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A,		/*  64.. 79 */
+	A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, G, G, 0, R, P,		/*  80.. 95 */
+	P, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A,		/*  96..111 */
+	A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, A, R, R, 0, P, 0,		/* 112..127 */
 	/* Nothing in the 128.. range */
 };
diff --git a/diff.c b/diff.c
index 559bf57..8f4815b 100644
--- a/diff.c
+++ b/diff.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
 int diff_auto_refresh_index = 1;
 static int diff_mnemonic_prefix;
 static int diff_no_prefix;
+static int diff_dirstat_permille_default = 30;
 static struct diff_options default_diff_options;
 
 static char diff_colors[][COLOR_MAXLEN] = {
@@ -66,6 +67,58 @@
 	return -1;
 }
 
+static int parse_dirstat_params(struct diff_options *options, const char *params,
+				struct strbuf *errmsg)
+{
+	const char *p = params;
+	int p_len, ret = 0;
+
+	while (*p) {
+		p_len = strchrnul(p, ',') - p;
+		if (!memcmp(p, "changes", p_len)) {
+			DIFF_OPT_CLR(options, DIRSTAT_BY_LINE);
+			DIFF_OPT_CLR(options, DIRSTAT_BY_FILE);
+		} else if (!memcmp(p, "lines", p_len)) {
+			DIFF_OPT_SET(options, DIRSTAT_BY_LINE);
+			DIFF_OPT_CLR(options, DIRSTAT_BY_FILE);
+		} else if (!memcmp(p, "files", p_len)) {
+			DIFF_OPT_CLR(options, DIRSTAT_BY_LINE);
+			DIFF_OPT_SET(options, DIRSTAT_BY_FILE);
+		} else if (!memcmp(p, "noncumulative", p_len)) {
+			DIFF_OPT_CLR(options, DIRSTAT_CUMULATIVE);
+		} else if (!memcmp(p, "cumulative", p_len)) {
+			DIFF_OPT_SET(options, DIRSTAT_CUMULATIVE);
+		} else if (isdigit(*p)) {
+			char *end;
+			int permille = strtoul(p, &end, 10) * 10;
+			if (*end == '.' && isdigit(*++end)) {
+				/* only use first digit */
+				permille += *end - '0';
+				/* .. and ignore any further digits */
+				while (isdigit(*++end))
+					; /* nothing */
+			}
+			if (end - p == p_len)
+				options->dirstat_permille = permille;
+			else {
+				strbuf_addf(errmsg, _("  Failed to parse dirstat cut-off percentage '%.*s'\n"),
+					    p_len, p);
+				ret++;
+			}
+		} else {
+			strbuf_addf(errmsg, _("  Unknown dirstat parameter '%.*s'\n"),
+				    p_len, p);
+			ret++;
+		}
+
+		p += p_len;
+
+		if (*p)
+			p++; /* more parameters, swallow separator */
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int git_config_rename(const char *var, const char *value)
 {
 	if (!value)
@@ -145,6 +198,17 @@
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	if (!strcmp(var, "diff.dirstat")) {
+		struct strbuf errmsg = STRBUF_INIT;
+		default_diff_options.dirstat_permille = diff_dirstat_permille_default;
+		if (parse_dirstat_params(&default_diff_options, value, &errmsg))
+			warning(_("Found errors in 'diff.dirstat' config variable:\n%s"),
+				errmsg.buf);
+		strbuf_release(&errmsg);
+		diff_dirstat_permille_default = default_diff_options.dirstat_permille;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	if (!prefixcmp(var, "submodule."))
 		return parse_submodule_config_option(var, value);
 
@@ -581,11 +645,14 @@
 		line_prefix, metainfo, a_name.buf, name_a_tab, reset,
 		line_prefix, metainfo, b_name.buf, name_b_tab, reset,
 		line_prefix, fraginfo);
-	print_line_count(o->file, lc_a);
+	if (!o->irreversible_delete)
+		print_line_count(o->file, lc_a);
+	else
+		fprintf(o->file, "?,?");
 	fprintf(o->file, " +");
 	print_line_count(o->file, lc_b);
 	fprintf(o->file, " @@%s\n", reset);
-	if (lc_a)
+	if (lc_a && !o->irreversible_delete)
 		emit_rewrite_lines(&ecbdata, '-', data_one, size_one);
 	if (lc_b)
 		emit_rewrite_lines(&ecbdata, '+', data_two, size_two);
@@ -1460,7 +1527,7 @@
 
 struct dirstat_dir {
 	struct dirstat_file *files;
-	int alloc, nr, percent, cumulative;
+	int alloc, nr, permille, cumulative;
 };
 
 static long gather_dirstat(struct diff_options *opt, struct dirstat_dir *dir,
@@ -1507,12 +1574,11 @@
 	 *    under this directory (sources == 1).
 	 */
 	if (baselen && sources != 1) {
-		int permille = this_dir * 1000 / changed;
-		if (permille) {
-			int percent = permille / 10;
-			if (percent >= dir->percent) {
+		if (this_dir) {
+			int permille = this_dir * 1000 / changed;
+			if (permille >= dir->permille) {
 				fprintf(opt->file, "%s%4d.%01d%% %.*s\n", line_prefix,
-					percent, permille % 10, baselen, base);
+					permille / 10, permille % 10, baselen, base);
 				if (!dir->cumulative)
 					return 0;
 			}
@@ -1538,7 +1604,7 @@
 	dir.files = NULL;
 	dir.alloc = 0;
 	dir.nr = 0;
-	dir.percent = options->dirstat_percent;
+	dir.permille = options->dirstat_permille;
 	dir.cumulative = DIFF_OPT_TST(options, DIRSTAT_CUMULATIVE);
 
 	changed = 0;
@@ -1627,6 +1693,50 @@
 	gather_dirstat(options, &dir, changed, "", 0);
 }
 
+static void show_dirstat_by_line(struct diffstat_t *data, struct diff_options *options)
+{
+	int i;
+	unsigned long changed;
+	struct dirstat_dir dir;
+
+	if (data->nr == 0)
+		return;
+
+	dir.files = NULL;
+	dir.alloc = 0;
+	dir.nr = 0;
+	dir.permille = options->dirstat_permille;
+	dir.cumulative = DIFF_OPT_TST(options, DIRSTAT_CUMULATIVE);
+
+	changed = 0;
+	for (i = 0; i < data->nr; i++) {
+		struct diffstat_file *file = data->files[i];
+		unsigned long damage = file->added + file->deleted;
+		if (file->is_binary)
+			/*
+			 * binary files counts bytes, not lines. Must find some
+			 * way to normalize binary bytes vs. textual lines.
+			 * The following heuristic assumes that there are 64
+			 * bytes per "line".
+			 * This is stupid and ugly, but very cheap...
+			 */
+			damage = (damage + 63) / 64;
+		ALLOC_GROW(dir.files, dir.nr + 1, dir.alloc);
+		dir.files[dir.nr].name = file->name;
+		dir.files[dir.nr].changed = damage;
+		changed += damage;
+		dir.nr++;
+	}
+
+	/* This can happen even with many files, if everything was renames */
+	if (!changed)
+		return;
+
+	/* Show all directories with more than x% of the changes */
+	qsort(dir.files, dir.nr, sizeof(dir.files[0]), dirstat_compare);
+	gather_dirstat(options, &dir, changed, "", 0);
+}
+
 static void free_diffstat_info(struct diffstat_t *diffstat)
 {
 	int i;
@@ -1989,7 +2099,11 @@
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (!DIFF_OPT_TST(o, TEXT) &&
+	if (o->irreversible_delete && lbl[1][0] == '/') {
+		fprintf(o->file, "%s", header.buf);
+		strbuf_reset(&header);
+		goto free_ab_and_return;
+	} else if (!DIFF_OPT_TST(o, TEXT) &&
 	    ( (!textconv_one && diff_filespec_is_binary(one)) ||
 	      (!textconv_two && diff_filespec_is_binary(two)) )) {
 		if (fill_mmfile(&mf1, one) < 0 || fill_mmfile(&mf2, two) < 0)
@@ -2009,8 +2123,7 @@
 			fprintf(o->file, "%sBinary files %s and %s differ\n",
 				line_prefix, lbl[0], lbl[1]);
 		o->found_changes = 1;
-	}
-	else {
+	} else {
 		/* Crazy xdl interfaces.. */
 		const char *diffopts = getenv("GIT_DIFF_OPTS");
 		xpparam_t xpp;
@@ -2893,7 +3006,7 @@
 	options->line_termination = '\n';
 	options->break_opt = -1;
 	options->rename_limit = -1;
-	options->dirstat_percent = 3;
+	options->dirstat_permille = diff_dirstat_permille_default;
 	options->context = 3;
 
 	options->change = diff_change;
@@ -3151,6 +3264,21 @@
 	return argcount;
 }
 
+static int parse_dirstat_opt(struct diff_options *options, const char *params)
+{
+	struct strbuf errmsg = STRBUF_INIT;
+	if (parse_dirstat_params(options, params, &errmsg))
+		die(_("Failed to parse --dirstat/-X option parameter:\n%s"),
+		    errmsg.buf);
+	strbuf_release(&errmsg);
+	/*
+	 * The caller knows a dirstat-related option is given from the command
+	 * line; allow it to say "return this_function();"
+	 */
+	options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT;
+	return 1;
+}
+
 int diff_opt_parse(struct diff_options *options, const char **av, int ac)
 {
 	const char *arg = av[0];
@@ -3170,15 +3298,19 @@
 		options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_NUMSTAT;
 	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--shortstat"))
 		options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_SHORTSTAT;
-	else if (opt_arg(arg, 'X', "dirstat", &options->dirstat_percent))
-		options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT;
-	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--cumulative")) {
-		options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT;
-		DIFF_OPT_SET(options, DIRSTAT_CUMULATIVE);
-	} else if (opt_arg(arg, 0, "dirstat-by-file",
-			   &options->dirstat_percent)) {
-		options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT;
-		DIFF_OPT_SET(options, DIRSTAT_BY_FILE);
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "-X") || !strcmp(arg, "--dirstat"))
+		return parse_dirstat_opt(options, "");
+	else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "-X"))
+		return parse_dirstat_opt(options, arg + 2);
+	else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--dirstat="))
+		return parse_dirstat_opt(options, arg + 10);
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--cumulative"))
+		return parse_dirstat_opt(options, "cumulative");
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--dirstat-by-file"))
+		return parse_dirstat_opt(options, "files");
+	else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--dirstat-by-file=")) {
+		parse_dirstat_opt(options, "files");
+		return parse_dirstat_opt(options, arg + 18);
 	}
 	else if (!strcmp(arg, "--check"))
 		options->output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_CHECKDIFF;
@@ -3208,6 +3340,9 @@
 			return error("invalid argument to -M: %s", arg+2);
 		options->detect_rename = DIFF_DETECT_RENAME;
 	}
+	else if (!strcmp(arg, "-D") || !strcmp(arg, "--irreversible-delete")) {
+		options->irreversible_delete = 1;
+	}
 	else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "-C") || !prefixcmp(arg, "--find-copies=") ||
 		 !strcmp(arg, "--find-copies")) {
 		if (options->detect_rename == DIFF_DETECT_COPY)
@@ -4022,6 +4157,7 @@
 	struct diff_queue_struct *q = &diff_queued_diff;
 	int i, output_format = options->output_format;
 	int separator = 0;
+	int dirstat_by_line = 0;
 
 	/*
 	 * Order: raw, stat, summary, patch
@@ -4042,7 +4178,11 @@
 		separator++;
 	}
 
-	if (output_format & (DIFF_FORMAT_DIFFSTAT|DIFF_FORMAT_SHORTSTAT|DIFF_FORMAT_NUMSTAT)) {
+	if (output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT && DIFF_OPT_TST(options, DIRSTAT_BY_LINE))
+		dirstat_by_line = 1;
+
+	if (output_format & (DIFF_FORMAT_DIFFSTAT|DIFF_FORMAT_SHORTSTAT|DIFF_FORMAT_NUMSTAT) ||
+	    dirstat_by_line) {
 		struct diffstat_t diffstat;
 
 		memset(&diffstat, 0, sizeof(struct diffstat_t));
@@ -4057,10 +4197,12 @@
 			show_stats(&diffstat, options);
 		if (output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_SHORTSTAT)
 			show_shortstats(&diffstat, options);
+		if (output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT)
+			show_dirstat_by_line(&diffstat, options);
 		free_diffstat_info(&diffstat);
 		separator++;
 	}
-	if (output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT)
+	if ((output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_DIRSTAT) && !dirstat_by_line)
 		show_dirstat(options);
 
 	if (output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_SUMMARY && !is_summary_empty(q)) {
diff --git a/diff.h b/diff.h
index 6e4d436..adb40ba 100644
--- a/diff.h
+++ b/diff.h
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@
 #define DIFF_OPT_IGNORE_UNTRACKED_IN_SUBMODULES (1 << 25)
 #define DIFF_OPT_IGNORE_DIRTY_SUBMODULES (1 << 26)
 #define DIFF_OPT_OVERRIDE_SUBMODULE_CONFIG (1 << 27)
+#define DIFF_OPT_DIRSTAT_BY_LINE     (1 << 28)
 
 #define DIFF_OPT_TST(opts, flag)    ((opts)->flags & DIFF_OPT_##flag)
 #define DIFF_OPT_SET(opts, flag)    ((opts)->flags |= DIFF_OPT_##flag)
@@ -104,6 +105,7 @@
 	int interhunkcontext;
 	int break_opt;
 	int detect_rename;
+	int irreversible_delete;
 	int skip_stat_unmatch;
 	int line_termination;
 	int output_format;
@@ -113,7 +115,7 @@
 	int needed_rename_limit;
 	int degraded_cc_to_c;
 	int show_rename_progress;
-	int dirstat_percent;
+	int dirstat_permille;
 	int setup;
 	int abbrev;
 	const char *prefix;
diff --git a/dir.c b/dir.c
index 532bcb6..08281d2 100644
--- a/dir.c
+++ b/dir.c
@@ -230,7 +230,7 @@
 			return MATCHED_RECURSIVELY;
 	}
 
-	if (item->has_wildcard && !fnmatch(match, name, 0))
+	if (item->use_wildcard && !fnmatch(match, name, 0))
 		return MATCHED_FNMATCH;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -1105,57 +1105,45 @@
 }
 
 /*
- * get_relative_cwd() gets the prefix of the current working directory
- * relative to 'dir'.  If we are not inside 'dir', it returns NULL.
- *
- * As a convenience, it also returns NULL if 'dir' is already NULL.  The
- * reason for this behaviour is that it is natural for functions returning
- * directory names to return NULL to say "this directory does not exist"
- * or "this directory is invalid".  These cases are usually handled the
- * same as if the cwd is not inside 'dir' at all, so get_relative_cwd()
- * returns NULL for both of them.
- *
- * Most notably, get_relative_cwd(buffer, size, get_git_work_tree())
- * unifies the handling of "outside work tree" with "no work tree at all".
+ * Given two normalized paths (a trailing slash is ok), if subdir is
+ * outside dir, return -1.  Otherwise return the offset in subdir that
+ * can be used as relative path to dir.
  */
-char *get_relative_cwd(char *buffer, int size, const char *dir)
+int dir_inside_of(const char *subdir, const char *dir)
 {
-	char *cwd = buffer;
+	int offset = 0;
 
-	if (!dir)
-		return NULL;
-	if (!getcwd(buffer, size))
-		die_errno("can't find the current directory");
+	assert(dir && subdir && *dir && *subdir);
 
-	if (!is_absolute_path(dir))
-		dir = real_path(dir);
-
-	while (*dir && *dir == *cwd) {
+	while (*dir && *subdir && *dir == *subdir) {
 		dir++;
-		cwd++;
+		subdir++;
+		offset++;
 	}
-	if (*dir)
-		return NULL;
-	switch (*cwd) {
-	case '\0':
-		return cwd;
-	case '/':
-		return cwd + 1;
-	default:
-		/*
-		 * dir can end with a path separator when it's root
-		 * directory. Return proper prefix in that case.
-		 */
-		if (dir[-1] == '/')
-			return cwd;
-		return NULL;
-	}
+
+	/* hel[p]/me vs hel[l]/yeah */
+	if (*dir && *subdir)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (!*subdir)
+		return !*dir ? offset : -1; /* same dir */
+
+	/* foo/[b]ar vs foo/[] */
+	if (is_dir_sep(dir[-1]))
+		return is_dir_sep(subdir[-1]) ? offset : -1;
+
+	/* foo[/]bar vs foo[] */
+	return is_dir_sep(*subdir) ? offset + 1 : -1;
 }
 
 int is_inside_dir(const char *dir)
 {
-	char buffer[PATH_MAX];
-	return get_relative_cwd(buffer, sizeof(buffer), dir) != NULL;
+	char cwd[PATH_MAX];
+	if (!dir)
+		return 0;
+	if (!getcwd(cwd, sizeof(cwd)))
+		die_errno("can't find the current directory");
+	return dir_inside_of(cwd, dir) >= 0;
 }
 
 int is_empty_dir(const char *path)
@@ -1286,8 +1274,8 @@
 
 		item->match = path;
 		item->len = strlen(path);
-		item->has_wildcard = !no_wildcard(path);
-		if (item->has_wildcard)
+		item->use_wildcard = !no_wildcard(path);
+		if (item->use_wildcard)
 			pathspec->has_wildcard = 1;
 	}
 
diff --git a/dir.h b/dir.h
index aa511da..433b5b4 100644
--- a/dir.h
+++ b/dir.h
@@ -85,8 +85,8 @@
 extern void free_excludes(struct exclude_list *el);
 extern int file_exists(const char *);
 
-extern char *get_relative_cwd(char *buffer, int size, const char *dir);
 extern int is_inside_dir(const char *dir);
+extern int dir_inside_of(const char *subdir, const char *dir);
 
 static inline int is_dot_or_dotdot(const char *name)
 {
diff --git a/environment.c b/environment.c
index 40185bc..94d58fd 100644
--- a/environment.c
+++ b/environment.c
@@ -42,8 +42,8 @@
 const char *askpass_program;
 const char *excludes_file;
 enum auto_crlf auto_crlf = AUTO_CRLF_FALSE;
-int read_replace_refs = 1;
-enum eol eol = EOL_UNSET;
+int read_replace_refs = 1; /* NEEDSWORK: rename to use_replace_refs */
+enum eol core_eol = EOL_UNSET;
 enum safe_crlf safe_crlf = SAFE_CRLF_WARN;
 unsigned whitespace_rule_cfg = WS_DEFAULT_RULE;
 enum branch_track git_branch_track = BRANCH_TRACK_REMOTE;
diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index 40498b3..e0bb81e 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -463,6 +463,7 @@
 #define GIT_ALPHA 0x04
 #define GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL 0x08
 #define GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL 0x10
+#define GIT_PATHSPEC_MAGIC 0x20
 #define sane_istest(x,mask) ((sane_ctype[(unsigned char)(x)] & (mask)) != 0)
 #define isascii(x) (((x) & ~0x7f) == 0)
 #define isspace(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_SPACE)
@@ -473,6 +474,7 @@
 #define is_regex_special(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL | GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL)
 #define tolower(x) sane_case((unsigned char)(x), 0x20)
 #define toupper(x) sane_case((unsigned char)(x), 0)
+#define is_pathspec_magic(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_PATHSPEC_MAGIC)
 
 static inline int sane_case(int x, int high)
 {
diff --git a/git-parse-remote.sh b/git-parse-remote.sh
index ea093d2..b24119d 100644
--- a/git-parse-remote.sh
+++ b/git-parse-remote.sh
@@ -50,3 +50,41 @@
 	    esac
 	esac
 }
+
+error_on_missing_default_upstream () {
+	cmd="$1"
+	op_type="$2"
+	op_prep="$3"
+	example="$4"
+	branch_name=$(git symbolic-ref -q HEAD)
+	if test -z "$branch_name"
+	then
+		echo "You are not currently on a branch, so I cannot use any
+'branch.<branchname>.merge' in your configuration file.
+Please specify which branch you want to $op_type $op_prep on the command
+line and try again (e.g. '$example').
+See git-${cmd}(1) for details."
+	else
+		echo "You asked me to $cmd without telling me which branch you
+want to $op_type $op_prep, and 'branch.${branch_name#refs/heads/}.merge' in
+your configuration file does not tell me, either. Please
+specify which branch you want to use on the command line and
+try again (e.g. '$example').
+See git-${cmd}(1) for details.
+
+If you often $op_type $op_prep the same branch, you may want to
+use something like the following in your configuration file:
+    [branch \"${branch_name#refs/heads/}\"]
+    remote = <nickname>
+    merge = <remote-ref>"
+		test rebase = "$op_type" &&
+		echo "    rebase = true"
+		echo "
+    [remote \"<nickname>\"]
+    url = <url>
+    fetch = <refspec>
+
+See git-config(1) for details."
+	fi
+	exit 1
+}
diff --git a/git-pull.sh b/git-pull.sh
index 4e9e0e4..fb9e2df 100755
--- a/git-pull.sh
+++ b/git-pull.sh
@@ -168,34 +168,10 @@
 		echo "You asked to pull from the remote '$1', but did not specify"
 		echo "a branch. Because this is not the default configured remote"
 		echo "for your current branch, you must specify a branch on the command line."
-	elif [ -z "$curr_branch" ]; then
-		echo "You are not currently on a branch, so I cannot use any"
-		echo "'branch.<branchname>.merge' in your configuration file."
-		echo "Please specify which remote branch you want to use on the command"
-		echo "line and try again (e.g. 'git pull <repository> <refspec>')."
-		echo "See git-pull(1) for details."
-	elif [ -z "$upstream" ]; then
-		echo "You asked me to pull without telling me which branch you"
-		echo "want to $op_type $op_prep, and 'branch.${curr_branch}.merge' in"
-		echo "your configuration file does not tell me, either. Please"
-		echo "specify which branch you want to use on the command line and"
-		echo "try again (e.g. 'git pull <repository> <refspec>')."
-		echo "See git-pull(1) for details."
-		echo
-		echo "If you often $op_type $op_prep the same branch, you may want to"
-		echo "use something like the following in your configuration file:"
-		echo
-		echo "    [branch \"${curr_branch}\"]"
-		echo "    remote = <nickname>"
-		echo "    merge = <remote-ref>"
-		test rebase = "$op_type" &&
-			echo "    rebase = true"
-		echo
-		echo "    [remote \"<nickname>\"]"
-		echo "    url = <url>"
-		echo "    fetch = <refspec>"
-		echo
-		echo "See git-config(1) for details."
+	elif [ -z "$curr_branch" -o -z "$upstream" ]; then
+		. git-parse-remote
+		error_on_missing_default_upstream "pull" $op_type $op_prep \
+			"git pull <repository> <refspec>"
 	else
 		echo "Your configuration specifies to $op_type $op_prep the ref '${upstream#refs/heads/}'"
 		echo "from the remote, but no such ref was fetched."
diff --git a/git-rebase--am.sh b/git-rebase--am.sh
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c815a24
--- /dev/null
+++ b/git-rebase--am.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2010 Junio C Hamano.
+#
+
+. git-sh-setup
+
+case "$action" in
+continue)
+	git am --resolved --resolvemsg="$resolvemsg" &&
+	move_to_original_branch
+	exit
+	;;
+skip)
+	git am --skip --resolvemsg="$resolvemsg" &&
+	move_to_original_branch
+	exit
+	;;
+esac
+
+test -n "$rebase_root" && root_flag=--root
+
+git format-patch -k --stdout --full-index --ignore-if-in-upstream \
+	--src-prefix=a/ --dst-prefix=b/ \
+	--no-renames $root_flag "$revisions" |
+git am $git_am_opt --rebasing --resolvemsg="$resolvemsg" &&
+move_to_original_branch
+ret=$?
+test 0 != $ret -a -d "$state_dir" && write_basic_state
+exit $ret
diff --git a/git-rebase--interactive.sh b/git-rebase--interactive.sh
old mode 100755
new mode 100644
index c308529..65690af
--- a/git-rebase--interactive.sh
+++ b/git-rebase--interactive.sh
@@ -10,48 +10,22 @@
 # The original idea comes from Eric W. Biederman, in
 # http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/22407
 
-OPTIONS_KEEPDASHDASH=
-OPTIONS_SPEC="\
-git-rebase [-i] [options] [--] <upstream> [<branch>]
-git-rebase [-i] (--continue | --abort | --skip)
---
- Available options are
-v,verbose          display a diffstat of what changed upstream
-onto=              rebase onto given branch instead of upstream
-p,preserve-merges  try to recreate merges instead of ignoring them
-s,strategy=        use the given merge strategy
-no-ff              cherry-pick all commits, even if unchanged
-m,merge            always used (no-op)
-i,interactive      always used (no-op)
- Actions:
-continue           continue rebasing process
-abort              abort rebasing process and restore original branch
-skip               skip current patch and continue rebasing process
-no-verify          override pre-rebase hook from stopping the operation
-verify             allow pre-rebase hook to run
-root               rebase all reachable commmits up to the root(s)
-autosquash         move commits that begin with squash!/fixup! under -i
-"
-
 . git-sh-setup
-require_work_tree
-
-DOTEST="$GIT_DIR/rebase-merge"
 
 # The file containing rebase commands, comments, and empty lines.
 # This file is created by "git rebase -i" then edited by the user.  As
 # the lines are processed, they are removed from the front of this
-# file and written to the tail of $DONE.
-TODO="$DOTEST"/git-rebase-todo
+# file and written to the tail of $done.
+todo="$state_dir"/git-rebase-todo
 
 # The rebase command lines that have already been processed.  A line
 # is moved here when it is first handled, before any associated user
 # actions.
-DONE="$DOTEST"/done
+done="$state_dir"/done
 
 # The commit message that is planned to be used for any changes that
 # need to be committed following a user interaction.
-MSG="$DOTEST"/message
+msg="$state_dir"/message
 
 # The file into which is accumulated the suggested commit message for
 # squash/fixup commands.  When the first of a series of squash/fixups
@@ -61,34 +35,34 @@
 # is appended to the file as it is processed.
 #
 # The first line of the file is of the form
-#     # This is a combination of $COUNT commits.
-# where $COUNT is the number of commits whose messages have been
+#     # This is a combination of $count commits.
+# where $count is the number of commits whose messages have been
 # written to the file so far (including the initial "pick" commit).
 # Each time that a commit message is processed, this line is read and
 # updated.  It is deleted just before the combined commit is made.
-SQUASH_MSG="$DOTEST"/message-squash
+squash_msg="$state_dir"/message-squash
 
 # If the current series of squash/fixups has not yet included a squash
 # command, then this file exists and holds the commit message of the
 # original "pick" commit.  (If the series ends without a "squash"
 # command, then this can be used as the commit message of the combined
 # commit without opening the editor.)
-FIXUP_MSG="$DOTEST"/message-fixup
+fixup_msg="$state_dir"/message-fixup
 
-# $REWRITTEN is the name of a directory containing files for each
-# commit that is reachable by at least one merge base of $HEAD and
-# $UPSTREAM. They are not necessarily rewritten, but their children
+# $rewritten is the name of a directory containing files for each
+# commit that is reachable by at least one merge base of $head and
+# $upstream. They are not necessarily rewritten, but their children
 # might be.  This ensures that commits on merged, but otherwise
 # unrelated side branches are left alone. (Think "X" in the man page's
 # example.)
-REWRITTEN="$DOTEST"/rewritten
+rewritten="$state_dir"/rewritten
 
-DROPPED="$DOTEST"/dropped
+dropped="$state_dir"/dropped
 
 # A script to set the GIT_AUTHOR_NAME, GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL, and
 # GIT_AUTHOR_DATE that will be used for the commit that is currently
 # being rebased.
-AUTHOR_SCRIPT="$DOTEST"/author-script
+author_script="$state_dir"/author-script
 
 # When an "edit" rebase command is being processed, the SHA1 of the
 # commit to be edited is recorded in this file.  When "git rebase
@@ -96,69 +70,31 @@
 # will be amended to the HEAD commit, but only provided the HEAD
 # commit is still the commit to be edited.  When any other rebase
 # command is processed, this file is deleted.
-AMEND="$DOTEST"/amend
+amend="$state_dir"/amend
 
 # For the post-rewrite hook, we make a list of rewritten commits and
 # their new sha1s.  The rewritten-pending list keeps the sha1s of
 # commits that have been processed, but not committed yet,
 # e.g. because they are waiting for a 'squash' command.
-REWRITTEN_LIST="$DOTEST"/rewritten-list
-REWRITTEN_PENDING="$DOTEST"/rewritten-pending
+rewritten_list="$state_dir"/rewritten-list
+rewritten_pending="$state_dir"/rewritten-pending
 
-PRESERVE_MERGES=
-STRATEGY=
-ONTO=
-VERBOSE=
-OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE=
-REBASE_ROOT=
-AUTOSQUASH=
-test "$(git config --bool rebase.autosquash)" = "true" && AUTOSQUASH=t
-NEVER_FF=
-
-GIT_CHERRY_PICK_HELP="\
-hint: after resolving the conflicts, mark the corrected paths
-hint: with 'git add <paths>' and run 'git rebase --continue'"
+GIT_CHERRY_PICK_HELP="$resolvemsg"
 export GIT_CHERRY_PICK_HELP
 
 warn () {
 	printf '%s\n' "$*" >&2
 }
 
-output () {
-	case "$VERBOSE" in
-	'')
-		output=$("$@" 2>&1 )
-		status=$?
-		test $status != 0 && printf "%s\n" "$output"
-		return $status
-		;;
-	*)
-		"$@"
-		;;
-	esac
-}
-
 # Output the commit message for the specified commit.
 commit_message () {
 	git cat-file commit "$1" | sed "1,/^$/d"
 }
 
-run_pre_rebase_hook () {
-	if test -z "$OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE" &&
-	   test -x "$GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-rebase"
-	then
-		"$GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-rebase" ${1+"$@"} || {
-			echo >&2 "The pre-rebase hook refused to rebase."
-			exit 1
-		}
-	fi
-}
-
-
-ORIG_REFLOG_ACTION="$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION"
+orig_reflog_action="$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION"
 
 comment_for_reflog () {
-	case "$ORIG_REFLOG_ACTION" in
+	case "$orig_reflog_action" in
 	''|rebase*)
 		GIT_REFLOG_ACTION="rebase -i ($1)"
 		export GIT_REFLOG_ACTION
@@ -168,16 +104,16 @@
 
 last_count=
 mark_action_done () {
-	sed -e 1q < "$TODO" >> "$DONE"
-	sed -e 1d < "$TODO" >> "$TODO".new
-	mv -f "$TODO".new "$TODO"
-	count=$(sane_grep -c '^[^#]' < "$DONE")
-	total=$(($count+$(sane_grep -c '^[^#]' < "$TODO")))
-	if test "$last_count" != "$count"
+	sed -e 1q < "$todo" >> "$done"
+	sed -e 1d < "$todo" >> "$todo".new
+	mv -f "$todo".new "$todo"
+	new_count=$(sane_grep -c '^[^#]' < "$done")
+	total=$(($new_count+$(sane_grep -c '^[^#]' < "$todo")))
+	if test "$last_count" != "$new_count"
 	then
-		last_count=$count
-		printf "Rebasing (%d/%d)\r" $count $total
-		test -z "$VERBOSE" || echo
+		last_count=$new_count
+		printf "Rebasing (%d/%d)\r" $new_count $total
+		test -z "$verbose" || echo
 	fi
 }
 
@@ -193,22 +129,22 @@
 	*)
 		echo "Root commit"
 		;;
-	esac > "$DOTEST"/patch
-	test -f "$MSG" ||
-		commit_message "$1" > "$MSG"
-	test -f "$AUTHOR_SCRIPT" ||
-		get_author_ident_from_commit "$1" > "$AUTHOR_SCRIPT"
+	esac > "$state_dir"/patch
+	test -f "$msg" ||
+		commit_message "$1" > "$msg"
+	test -f "$author_script" ||
+		get_author_ident_from_commit "$1" > "$author_script"
 }
 
 die_with_patch () {
-	echo "$1" > "$DOTEST"/stopped-sha
+	echo "$1" > "$state_dir"/stopped-sha
 	make_patch "$1"
 	git rerere
 	die "$2"
 }
 
 die_abort () {
-	rm -rf "$DOTEST"
+	rm -rf "$state_dir"
 	die "$1"
 }
 
@@ -228,15 +164,10 @@
 pick_one () {
 	ff=--ff
 	case "$1" in -n) sha1=$2; ff= ;; *) sha1=$1 ;; esac
-	case "$NEVER_FF" in '') ;; ?*) ff= ;; esac
+	case "$force_rebase" in '') ;; ?*) ff= ;; esac
 	output git rev-parse --verify $sha1 || die "Invalid commit name: $sha1"
-	test -d "$REWRITTEN" &&
+	test -d "$rewritten" &&
 		pick_one_preserving_merges "$@" && return
-	if test -n "$REBASE_ROOT"
-	then
-		output git cherry-pick "$@"
-		return
-	fi
 	output git cherry-pick $ff "$@"
 }
 
@@ -253,20 +184,20 @@
 	esac
 	sha1=$(git rev-parse $sha1)
 
-	if test -f "$DOTEST"/current-commit
+	if test -f "$state_dir"/current-commit
 	then
 		if test "$fast_forward" = t
 		then
 			while read current_commit
 			do
-				git rev-parse HEAD > "$REWRITTEN"/$current_commit
-			done <"$DOTEST"/current-commit
-			rm "$DOTEST"/current-commit ||
+				git rev-parse HEAD > "$rewritten"/$current_commit
+			done <"$state_dir"/current-commit
+			rm "$state_dir"/current-commit ||
 			die "Cannot write current commit's replacement sha1"
 		fi
 	fi
 
-	echo $sha1 >> "$DOTEST"/current-commit
+	echo $sha1 >> "$state_dir"/current-commit
 
 	# rewrite parents; if none were rewritten, we can fast-forward.
 	new_parents=
@@ -280,9 +211,9 @@
 		p=$(expr "$pend" : ' \([^ ]*\)')
 		pend="${pend# $p}"
 
-		if test -f "$REWRITTEN"/$p
+		if test -f "$rewritten"/$p
 		then
-			new_p=$(cat "$REWRITTEN"/$p)
+			new_p=$(cat "$rewritten"/$p)
 
 			# If the todo reordered commits, and our parent is marked for
 			# rewriting, but hasn't been gotten to yet, assume the user meant to
@@ -301,10 +232,10 @@
 				;;
 			esac
 		else
-			if test -f "$DROPPED"/$p
+			if test -f "$dropped"/$p
 			then
 				fast_forward=f
-				replacement="$(cat "$DROPPED"/$p)"
+				replacement="$(cat "$dropped"/$p)"
 				test -z "$replacement" && replacement=root
 				pend=" $replacement$pend"
 			else
@@ -333,18 +264,19 @@
 			test "a$1" = a-n && die "Refusing to squash a merge: $sha1"
 
 			# redo merge
-			author_script=$(get_author_ident_from_commit $sha1)
-			eval "$author_script"
-			msg="$(commit_message $sha1)"
+			author_script_content=$(get_author_ident_from_commit $sha1)
+			eval "$author_script_content"
+			msg_content="$(commit_message $sha1)"
 			# No point in merging the first parent, that's HEAD
 			new_parents=${new_parents# $first_parent}
 			if ! do_with_author output \
-				git merge --no-ff $STRATEGY -m "$msg" $new_parents
+				git merge --no-ff ${strategy:+-s $strategy} -m \
+					"$msg_content" $new_parents
 			then
-				printf "%s\n" "$msg" > "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_MSG
+				printf "%s\n" "$msg_content" > "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_MSG
 				die_with_patch $sha1 "Error redoing merge $sha1"
 			fi
-			echo "$sha1 $(git rev-parse HEAD^0)" >> "$REWRITTEN_LIST"
+			echo "$sha1 $(git rev-parse HEAD^0)" >> "$rewritten_list"
 			;;
 		*)
 			output git cherry-pick "$@" ||
@@ -365,46 +297,46 @@
 }
 
 update_squash_messages () {
-	if test -f "$SQUASH_MSG"; then
-		mv "$SQUASH_MSG" "$SQUASH_MSG".bak || exit
-		COUNT=$(($(sed -n \
+	if test -f "$squash_msg"; then
+		mv "$squash_msg" "$squash_msg".bak || exit
+		count=$(($(sed -n \
 			-e "1s/^# This is a combination of \(.*\) commits\./\1/p" \
-			-e "q" < "$SQUASH_MSG".bak)+1))
+			-e "q" < "$squash_msg".bak)+1))
 		{
-			echo "# This is a combination of $COUNT commits."
+			echo "# This is a combination of $count commits."
 			sed -e 1d -e '2,/^./{
 				/^$/d
-			}' <"$SQUASH_MSG".bak
-		} >"$SQUASH_MSG"
+			}' <"$squash_msg".bak
+		} >"$squash_msg"
 	else
-		commit_message HEAD > "$FIXUP_MSG" || die "Cannot write $FIXUP_MSG"
-		COUNT=2
+		commit_message HEAD > "$fixup_msg" || die "Cannot write $fixup_msg"
+		count=2
 		{
 			echo "# This is a combination of 2 commits."
 			echo "# The first commit's message is:"
 			echo
-			cat "$FIXUP_MSG"
-		} >"$SQUASH_MSG"
+			cat "$fixup_msg"
+		} >"$squash_msg"
 	fi
 	case $1 in
 	squash)
-		rm -f "$FIXUP_MSG"
+		rm -f "$fixup_msg"
 		echo
-		echo "# This is the $(nth_string $COUNT) commit message:"
+		echo "# This is the $(nth_string $count) commit message:"
 		echo
 		commit_message $2
 		;;
 	fixup)
 		echo
-		echo "# The $(nth_string $COUNT) commit message will be skipped:"
+		echo "# The $(nth_string $count) commit message will be skipped:"
 		echo
 		commit_message $2 | sed -e 's/^/#	/'
 		;;
-	esac >>"$SQUASH_MSG"
+	esac >>"$squash_msg"
 }
 
 peek_next_command () {
-	sed -n -e "/^#/d" -e '/^$/d' -e "s/ .*//p" -e "q" < "$TODO"
+	sed -n -e "/^#/d" -e '/^$/d' -e "s/ .*//p" -e "q" < "$todo"
 }
 
 # A squash/fixup has failed.  Prepare the long version of the squash
@@ -414,24 +346,24 @@
 # messages, effectively causing the combined commit to be used as the
 # new basis for any further squash/fixups.  Args: sha1 rest
 die_failed_squash() {
-	mv "$SQUASH_MSG" "$MSG" || exit
-	rm -f "$FIXUP_MSG"
-	cp "$MSG" "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_MSG || exit
+	mv "$squash_msg" "$msg" || exit
+	rm -f "$fixup_msg"
+	cp "$msg" "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_MSG || exit
 	warn
 	warn "Could not apply $1... $2"
 	die_with_patch $1 ""
 }
 
 flush_rewritten_pending() {
-	test -s "$REWRITTEN_PENDING" || return
+	test -s "$rewritten_pending" || return
 	newsha1="$(git rev-parse HEAD^0)"
-	sed "s/$/ $newsha1/" < "$REWRITTEN_PENDING" >> "$REWRITTEN_LIST"
-	rm -f "$REWRITTEN_PENDING"
+	sed "s/$/ $newsha1/" < "$rewritten_pending" >> "$rewritten_list"
+	rm -f "$rewritten_pending"
 }
 
 record_in_rewritten() {
 	oldsha1="$(git rev-parse $1)"
-	echo "$oldsha1" >> "$REWRITTEN_PENDING"
+	echo "$oldsha1" >> "$rewritten_pending"
 
 	case "$(peek_next_command)" in
 	squash|s|fixup|f)
@@ -443,8 +375,8 @@
 }
 
 do_next () {
-	rm -f "$MSG" "$AUTHOR_SCRIPT" "$AMEND" || exit
-	read -r command sha1 rest < "$TODO"
+	rm -f "$msg" "$author_script" "$amend" || exit
+	read -r command sha1 rest < "$todo"
 	case "$command" in
 	'#'*|''|noop)
 		mark_action_done
@@ -472,9 +404,9 @@
 		mark_action_done
 		pick_one $sha1 ||
 			die_with_patch $sha1 "Could not apply $sha1... $rest"
-		echo "$sha1" > "$DOTEST"/stopped-sha
+		echo "$sha1" > "$state_dir"/stopped-sha
 		make_patch $sha1
-		git rev-parse --verify HEAD > "$AMEND"
+		git rev-parse --verify HEAD > "$amend"
 		warn "Stopped at $sha1... $rest"
 		warn "You can amend the commit now, with"
 		warn
@@ -497,47 +429,47 @@
 		esac
 		comment_for_reflog $squash_style
 
-		test -f "$DONE" && has_action "$DONE" ||
+		test -f "$done" && has_action "$done" ||
 			die "Cannot '$squash_style' without a previous commit"
 
 		mark_action_done
 		update_squash_messages $squash_style $sha1
-		author_script=$(get_author_ident_from_commit HEAD)
-		echo "$author_script" > "$AUTHOR_SCRIPT"
-		eval "$author_script"
+		author_script_content=$(get_author_ident_from_commit HEAD)
+		echo "$author_script_content" > "$author_script"
+		eval "$author_script_content"
 		output git reset --soft HEAD^
 		pick_one -n $sha1 || die_failed_squash $sha1 "$rest"
 		case "$(peek_next_command)" in
 		squash|s|fixup|f)
 			# This is an intermediate commit; its message will only be
 			# used in case of trouble.  So use the long version:
-			do_with_author output git commit --no-verify -F "$SQUASH_MSG" ||
+			do_with_author output git commit --no-verify -F "$squash_msg" ||
 				die_failed_squash $sha1 "$rest"
 			;;
 		*)
 			# This is the final command of this squash/fixup group
-			if test -f "$FIXUP_MSG"
+			if test -f "$fixup_msg"
 			then
-				do_with_author git commit --no-verify -F "$FIXUP_MSG" ||
+				do_with_author git commit --no-verify -F "$fixup_msg" ||
 					die_failed_squash $sha1 "$rest"
 			else
-				cp "$SQUASH_MSG" "$GIT_DIR"/SQUASH_MSG || exit
+				cp "$squash_msg" "$GIT_DIR"/SQUASH_MSG || exit
 				rm -f "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_MSG
 				do_with_author git commit --no-verify -e ||
 					die_failed_squash $sha1 "$rest"
 			fi
-			rm -f "$SQUASH_MSG" "$FIXUP_MSG"
+			rm -f "$squash_msg" "$fixup_msg"
 			;;
 		esac
 		record_in_rewritten $sha1
 		;;
 	x|"exec")
-		read -r command rest < "$TODO"
+		read -r command rest < "$todo"
 		mark_action_done
 		printf 'Executing: %s\n' "$rest"
 		# "exec" command doesn't take a sha1 in the todo-list.
 		# => can't just use $sha1 here.
-		git rev-parse --verify HEAD > "$DOTEST"/stopped-sha
+		git rev-parse --verify HEAD > "$state_dir"/stopped-sha
 		${SHELL:-@SHELL_PATH@} -c "$rest" # Actual execution
 		status=$?
 		if test "$status" -ne 0
@@ -563,42 +495,42 @@
 		warn "Unknown command: $command $sha1 $rest"
 		if git rev-parse --verify -q "$sha1" >/dev/null
 		then
-			die_with_patch $sha1 "Please fix this in the file $TODO."
+			die_with_patch $sha1 "Please fix this in the file $todo."
 		else
-			die "Please fix this in the file $TODO."
+			die "Please fix this in the file $todo."
 		fi
 		;;
 	esac
-	test -s "$TODO" && return
+	test -s "$todo" && return
 
 	comment_for_reflog finish &&
-	HEADNAME=$(cat "$DOTEST"/head-name) &&
-	OLDHEAD=$(cat "$DOTEST"/head) &&
-	SHORTONTO=$(git rev-parse --short $(cat "$DOTEST"/onto)) &&
-	NEWHEAD=$(git rev-parse HEAD) &&
-	case $HEADNAME in
+	shortonto=$(git rev-parse --short $onto) &&
+	newhead=$(git rev-parse HEAD) &&
+	case $head_name in
 	refs/*)
-		message="$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION: $HEADNAME onto $SHORTONTO" &&
-		git update-ref -m "$message" $HEADNAME $NEWHEAD $OLDHEAD &&
-		git symbolic-ref HEAD $HEADNAME
+		message="$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION: $head_name onto $shortonto" &&
+		git update-ref -m "$message" $head_name $newhead $orig_head &&
+		git symbolic-ref \
+		  -m "$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION: returning to $head_name" \
+		  HEAD $head_name
 		;;
 	esac && {
-		test ! -f "$DOTEST"/verbose ||
-			git diff-tree --stat $(cat "$DOTEST"/head)..HEAD
+		test ! -f "$state_dir"/verbose ||
+			git diff-tree --stat $orig_head..HEAD
 	} &&
 	{
-		test -s "$REWRITTEN_LIST" &&
-		git notes copy --for-rewrite=rebase < "$REWRITTEN_LIST" ||
+		test -s "$rewritten_list" &&
+		git notes copy --for-rewrite=rebase < "$rewritten_list" ||
 		true # we don't care if this copying failed
 	} &&
 	if test -x "$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite &&
-		test -s "$REWRITTEN_LIST"; then
-		"$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite rebase < "$REWRITTEN_LIST"
+		test -s "$rewritten_list"; then
+		"$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite rebase < "$rewritten_list"
 		true # we don't care if this hook failed
 	fi &&
-	rm -rf "$DOTEST" &&
+	rm -rf "$state_dir" &&
 	git gc --auto &&
-	warn "Successfully rebased and updated $HEADNAME."
+	warn "Successfully rebased and updated $head_name."
 
 	exit
 }
@@ -618,11 +550,11 @@
 		# fd=3 means we skip the command
 		case "$fd,$command" in
 		3,pick|3,p)
-			# pick a commit whose parent is current $ONTO -> skip
+			# pick a commit whose parent is current $onto -> skip
 			sha1=${rest%% *}
 			case "$(git rev-parse --verify --quiet "$sha1"^)" in
-			"$ONTO"*)
-				ONTO=$sha1
+			"$onto"*)
+				onto=$sha1
 				;;
 			*)
 				fd=1
@@ -637,32 +569,16 @@
 			;;
 		esac
 		printf '%s\n' "$command${rest:+ }$rest" >&$fd
-	done <"$TODO" >"$TODO.new" 3>>"$DONE" &&
-	mv -f "$TODO".new "$TODO" &&
+	done <"$todo" >"$todo.new" 3>>"$done" &&
+	mv -f "$todo".new "$todo" &&
 	case "$(peek_next_command)" in
 	squash|s|fixup|f)
-		record_in_rewritten "$ONTO"
+		record_in_rewritten "$onto"
 		;;
 	esac ||
 	die "Could not skip unnecessary pick commands"
 }
 
-# check if no other options are set
-is_standalone () {
-	test $# -eq 2 -a "$2" = '--' &&
-	test -z "$ONTO" &&
-	test -z "$PRESERVE_MERGES" &&
-	test -z "$STRATEGY" &&
-	test -z "$VERBOSE"
-}
-
-get_saved_options () {
-	test -d "$REWRITTEN" && PRESERVE_MERGES=t
-	test -f "$DOTEST"/strategy && STRATEGY="$(cat "$DOTEST"/strategy)"
-	test -f "$DOTEST"/verbose && VERBOSE=t
-	test -f "$DOTEST"/rebase-root && REBASE_ROOT=t
-}
-
 # Rearrange the todo list that has both "pick sha1 msg" and
 # "pick sha1 fixup!/squash! msg" appears in it so that the latter
 # comes immediately after the former, and change "pick" to
@@ -699,7 +615,7 @@
 		esac
 		printf '%s\n' "$pick $sha1 $message"
 		used="$used$sha1 "
-		while read -r squash action msg
+		while read -r squash action msg_content
 		do
 			case " $used" in
 			*" $squash "*) continue ;;
@@ -709,13 +625,13 @@
 			+*)
 				action="${action#+}"
 				# full sha1 prefix test
-				case "$msg" in "$sha1"*) emit=1;; esac ;;
+				case "$msg_content" in "$sha1"*) emit=1;; esac ;;
 			*)
 				# message prefix test
-				case "$message" in "$msg"*) emit=1;; esac ;;
+				case "$message" in "$msg_content"*) emit=1;; esac ;;
 			esac
 			if test $emit = 1; then
-				printf '%s\n' "$action $squash $action! $msg"
+				printf '%s\n' "$action $squash $action! $msg_content"
 				used="$used$squash "
 			fi
 		done <"$1.sq"
@@ -724,296 +640,159 @@
 	rm -f "$1.sq" "$1.rearranged"
 }
 
-LF='
-'
-parse_onto () {
-	case "$1" in
-	*...*)
-		if	left=${1%...*} right=${1#*...} &&
-			onto=$(git merge-base --all ${left:-HEAD} ${right:-HEAD})
+case "$action" in
+continue)
+	# do we have anything to commit?
+	if git diff-index --cached --quiet --ignore-submodules HEAD --
+	then
+		: Nothing to commit -- skip this
+	else
+		. "$author_script" ||
+			die "Cannot find the author identity"
+		current_head=
+		if test -f "$amend"
 		then
-			case "$onto" in
-			?*"$LF"?* | '')
-				exit 1 ;;
-			esac
-			echo "$onto"
-			exit 0
-		fi
-	esac
-	git rev-parse --verify "$1^0"
-}
-
-while test $# != 0
-do
-	case "$1" in
-	--no-verify)
-		OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE=yes
-		;;
-	--verify)
-		OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE=
-		;;
-	--continue)
-		is_standalone "$@" || usage
-		get_saved_options
-		comment_for_reflog continue
-
-		test -d "$DOTEST" || die "No interactive rebase running"
-
-		# Sanity check
-		git rev-parse --verify HEAD >/dev/null ||
-			die "Cannot read HEAD"
-		git update-index --ignore-submodules --refresh &&
-			git diff-files --quiet --ignore-submodules ||
-			die "Working tree is dirty"
-
-		# do we have anything to commit?
-		if git diff-index --cached --quiet --ignore-submodules HEAD --
-		then
-			: Nothing to commit -- skip this
-		else
-			. "$AUTHOR_SCRIPT" ||
-				die "Cannot find the author identity"
-			amend=
-			if test -f "$AMEND"
-			then
-				amend=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD)
-				test "$amend" = $(cat "$AMEND") ||
-				die "\
+			current_head=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD)
+			test "$current_head" = $(cat "$amend") ||
+			die "\
 You have uncommitted changes in your working tree. Please, commit them
 first and then run 'git rebase --continue' again."
-				git reset --soft HEAD^ ||
-				die "Cannot rewind the HEAD"
-			fi
-			do_with_author git commit --no-verify -F "$MSG" -e || {
-				test -n "$amend" && git reset --soft $amend
-				die "Could not commit staged changes."
-			}
+			git reset --soft HEAD^ ||
+			die "Cannot rewind the HEAD"
 		fi
+		do_with_author git commit --no-verify -F "$msg" -e || {
+			test -n "$current_head" && git reset --soft $current_head
+			die "Could not commit staged changes."
+		}
+	fi
 
-		record_in_rewritten "$(cat "$DOTEST"/stopped-sha)"
+	record_in_rewritten "$(cat "$state_dir"/stopped-sha)"
 
-		require_clean_work_tree "rebase"
-		do_rest
-		;;
-	--abort)
-		is_standalone "$@" || usage
-		get_saved_options
-		comment_for_reflog abort
+	require_clean_work_tree "rebase"
+	do_rest
+	;;
+skip)
+	git rerere clear
 
-		git rerere clear
-		test -d "$DOTEST" || die "No interactive rebase running"
+	do_rest
+	;;
+esac
 
-		HEADNAME=$(cat "$DOTEST"/head-name)
-		HEAD=$(cat "$DOTEST"/head)
-		case $HEADNAME in
-		refs/*)
-			git symbolic-ref HEAD $HEADNAME
-			;;
-		esac &&
-		output git reset --hard $HEAD &&
-		rm -rf "$DOTEST"
-		exit
-		;;
-	--skip)
-		is_standalone "$@" || usage
-		get_saved_options
-		comment_for_reflog skip
+git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT >/dev/null ||
+	die "You need to set your committer info first"
 
-		git rerere clear
-		test -d "$DOTEST" || die "No interactive rebase running"
+comment_for_reflog start
 
-		output git reset --hard && do_rest
-		;;
-	-s)
-		case "$#,$1" in
-		*,*=*)
-			STRATEGY="-s "$(expr "z$1" : 'z-[^=]*=\(.*\)') ;;
-		1,*)
-			usage ;;
-		*)
-			STRATEGY="-s $2"
-			shift ;;
-		esac
-		;;
-	-m)
-		# we use merge anyway
-		;;
-	-v)
-		VERBOSE=t
-		;;
-	-p)
-		PRESERVE_MERGES=t
-		;;
-	-i)
-		# yeah, we know
-		;;
-	--no-ff)
-		NEVER_FF=t
-		;;
-	--root)
-		REBASE_ROOT=t
-		;;
-	--autosquash)
-		AUTOSQUASH=t
-		;;
-	--no-autosquash)
-		AUTOSQUASH=
-		;;
-	--onto)
-		shift
-		ONTO=$(parse_onto "$1") ||
-			die "Does not point to a valid commit: $1"
-		;;
-	--)
-		shift
-		test -z "$REBASE_ROOT" -a $# -ge 1 -a $# -le 2 ||
-		test ! -z "$REBASE_ROOT" -a $# -le 1 || usage
-		test -d "$DOTEST" &&
-			die "Interactive rebase already started"
+if test ! -z "$switch_to"
+then
+	output git checkout "$switch_to" -- ||
+		die "Could not checkout $switch_to"
+fi
 
-		git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT >/dev/null ||
-			die "You need to set your committer info first"
+orig_head=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD) || die "No HEAD?"
+mkdir "$state_dir" || die "Could not create temporary $state_dir"
 
-		if test -z "$REBASE_ROOT"
-		then
-			UPSTREAM_ARG="$1"
-			UPSTREAM=$(git rev-parse --verify "$1") || die "Invalid base"
-			test -z "$ONTO" && ONTO=$UPSTREAM
-			shift
-		else
-			UPSTREAM=
-			UPSTREAM_ARG=--root
-			test -z "$ONTO" &&
-				die "You must specify --onto when using --root"
-		fi
-		run_pre_rebase_hook "$UPSTREAM_ARG" "$@"
-
-		comment_for_reflog start
-
-		require_clean_work_tree "rebase" "Please commit or stash them."
-
-		if test ! -z "$1"
-		then
-			output git checkout "$1" -- ||
-				die "Could not checkout $1"
-		fi
-
-		HEAD=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD) || die "No HEAD?"
-		mkdir "$DOTEST" || die "Could not create temporary $DOTEST"
-
-		: > "$DOTEST"/interactive || die "Could not mark as interactive"
-		git symbolic-ref HEAD > "$DOTEST"/head-name 2> /dev/null ||
-			echo "detached HEAD" > "$DOTEST"/head-name
-
-		echo $HEAD > "$DOTEST"/head
-		case "$REBASE_ROOT" in
-		'')
-			rm -f "$DOTEST"/rebase-root ;;
-		*)
-			: >"$DOTEST"/rebase-root ;;
-		esac
-		echo $ONTO > "$DOTEST"/onto
-		test -z "$STRATEGY" || echo "$STRATEGY" > "$DOTEST"/strategy
-		test t = "$VERBOSE" && : > "$DOTEST"/verbose
-		if test t = "$PRESERVE_MERGES"
-		then
-			if test -z "$REBASE_ROOT"
-			then
-				mkdir "$REWRITTEN" &&
-				for c in $(git merge-base --all $HEAD $UPSTREAM)
-				do
-					echo $ONTO > "$REWRITTEN"/$c ||
-						die "Could not init rewritten commits"
-				done
-			else
-				mkdir "$REWRITTEN" &&
-				echo $ONTO > "$REWRITTEN"/root ||
-					die "Could not init rewritten commits"
-			fi
-			# No cherry-pick because our first pass is to determine
-			# parents to rewrite and skipping dropped commits would
-			# prematurely end our probe
-			MERGES_OPTION=
-			first_after_upstream="$(git rev-list --reverse --first-parent $UPSTREAM..$HEAD | head -n 1)"
-		else
-			MERGES_OPTION="--no-merges --cherry-pick"
-		fi
-
-		SHORTHEAD=$(git rev-parse --short $HEAD)
-		SHORTONTO=$(git rev-parse --short $ONTO)
-		if test -z "$REBASE_ROOT"
-			# this is now equivalent to ! -z "$UPSTREAM"
-		then
-			SHORTUPSTREAM=$(git rev-parse --short $UPSTREAM)
-			REVISIONS=$UPSTREAM...$HEAD
-			SHORTREVISIONS=$SHORTUPSTREAM..$SHORTHEAD
-		else
-			REVISIONS=$ONTO...$HEAD
-			SHORTREVISIONS=$SHORTHEAD
-		fi
-		git rev-list $MERGES_OPTION --pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit \
-			--abbrev=7 --reverse --left-right --topo-order \
-			$REVISIONS | \
-			sed -n "s/^>//p" |
-		while read -r shortsha1 rest
+: > "$state_dir"/interactive || die "Could not mark as interactive"
+write_basic_state
+if test t = "$preserve_merges"
+then
+	if test -z "$rebase_root"
+	then
+		mkdir "$rewritten" &&
+		for c in $(git merge-base --all $orig_head $upstream)
 		do
-			if test t != "$PRESERVE_MERGES"
-			then
-				printf '%s\n' "pick $shortsha1 $rest" >> "$TODO"
-			else
-				sha1=$(git rev-parse $shortsha1)
-				if test -z "$REBASE_ROOT"
+			echo $onto > "$rewritten"/$c ||
+				die "Could not init rewritten commits"
+		done
+	else
+		mkdir "$rewritten" &&
+		echo $onto > "$rewritten"/root ||
+			die "Could not init rewritten commits"
+	fi
+	# No cherry-pick because our first pass is to determine
+	# parents to rewrite and skipping dropped commits would
+	# prematurely end our probe
+	merges_option=
+	first_after_upstream="$(git rev-list --reverse --first-parent $upstream..$orig_head | head -n 1)"
+else
+	merges_option="--no-merges --cherry-pick"
+fi
+
+shorthead=$(git rev-parse --short $orig_head)
+shortonto=$(git rev-parse --short $onto)
+if test -z "$rebase_root"
+	# this is now equivalent to ! -z "$upstream"
+then
+	shortupstream=$(git rev-parse --short $upstream)
+	revisions=$upstream...$orig_head
+	shortrevisions=$shortupstream..$shorthead
+else
+	revisions=$onto...$orig_head
+	shortrevisions=$shorthead
+fi
+git rev-list $merges_option --pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit \
+	--abbrev=7 --reverse --left-right --topo-order \
+	$revisions | \
+	sed -n "s/^>//p" |
+while read -r shortsha1 rest
+do
+	if test t != "$preserve_merges"
+	then
+		printf '%s\n' "pick $shortsha1 $rest" >> "$todo"
+	else
+		sha1=$(git rev-parse $shortsha1)
+		if test -z "$rebase_root"
+		then
+			preserve=t
+			for p in $(git rev-list --parents -1 $sha1 | cut -d' ' -s -f2-)
+			do
+				if test -f "$rewritten"/$p -a \( $p != $onto -o $sha1 = $first_after_upstream \)
 				then
-					preserve=t
-					for p in $(git rev-list --parents -1 $sha1 | cut -d' ' -s -f2-)
-					do
-						if test -f "$REWRITTEN"/$p -a \( $p != $ONTO -o $sha1 = $first_after_upstream \)
-						then
-							preserve=f
-						fi
-					done
-				else
 					preserve=f
 				fi
-				if test f = "$preserve"
-				then
-					touch "$REWRITTEN"/$sha1
-					printf '%s\n' "pick $shortsha1 $rest" >> "$TODO"
-				fi
-			fi
-		done
-
-		# Watch for commits that been dropped by --cherry-pick
-		if test t = "$PRESERVE_MERGES"
-		then
-			mkdir "$DROPPED"
-			# Save all non-cherry-picked changes
-			git rev-list $REVISIONS --left-right --cherry-pick | \
-				sed -n "s/^>//p" > "$DOTEST"/not-cherry-picks
-			# Now all commits and note which ones are missing in
-			# not-cherry-picks and hence being dropped
-			git rev-list $REVISIONS |
-			while read rev
-			do
-				if test -f "$REWRITTEN"/$rev -a "$(sane_grep "$rev" "$DOTEST"/not-cherry-picks)" = ""
-				then
-					# Use -f2 because if rev-list is telling us this commit is
-					# not worthwhile, we don't want to track its multiple heads,
-					# just the history of its first-parent for others that will
-					# be rebasing on top of it
-					git rev-list --parents -1 $rev | cut -d' ' -s -f2 > "$DROPPED"/$rev
-					short=$(git rev-list -1 --abbrev-commit --abbrev=7 $rev)
-					sane_grep -v "^[a-z][a-z]* $short" <"$TODO" > "${TODO}2" ; mv "${TODO}2" "$TODO"
-					rm "$REWRITTEN"/$rev
-				fi
 			done
+		else
+			preserve=f
 		fi
+		if test f = "$preserve"
+		then
+			touch "$rewritten"/$sha1
+			printf '%s\n' "pick $shortsha1 $rest" >> "$todo"
+		fi
+	fi
+done
 
-		test -s "$TODO" || echo noop >> "$TODO"
-		test -n "$AUTOSQUASH" && rearrange_squash "$TODO"
-		cat >> "$TODO" << EOF
+# Watch for commits that been dropped by --cherry-pick
+if test t = "$preserve_merges"
+then
+	mkdir "$dropped"
+	# Save all non-cherry-picked changes
+	git rev-list $revisions --left-right --cherry-pick | \
+		sed -n "s/^>//p" > "$state_dir"/not-cherry-picks
+	# Now all commits and note which ones are missing in
+	# not-cherry-picks and hence being dropped
+	git rev-list $revisions |
+	while read rev
+	do
+		if test -f "$rewritten"/$rev -a "$(sane_grep "$rev" "$state_dir"/not-cherry-picks)" = ""
+		then
+			# Use -f2 because if rev-list is telling us this commit is
+			# not worthwhile, we don't want to track its multiple heads,
+			# just the history of its first-parent for others that will
+			# be rebasing on top of it
+			git rev-list --parents -1 $rev | cut -d' ' -s -f2 > "$dropped"/$rev
+			short=$(git rev-list -1 --abbrev-commit --abbrev=7 $rev)
+			sane_grep -v "^[a-z][a-z]* $short" <"$todo" > "${todo}2" ; mv "${todo}2" "$todo"
+			rm "$rewritten"/$rev
+		fi
+	done
+fi
 
-# Rebase $SHORTREVISIONS onto $SHORTONTO
+test -s "$todo" || echo noop >> "$todo"
+test -n "$autosquash" && rearrange_squash "$todo"
+cat >> "$todo" << EOF
+
+# Rebase $shortrevisions onto $shortonto
 #
 # Commands:
 #  p, pick = use commit
@@ -1028,22 +807,18 @@
 #
 EOF
 
-		has_action "$TODO" ||
-			die_abort "Nothing to do"
+has_action "$todo" ||
+	die_abort "Nothing to do"
 
-		cp "$TODO" "$TODO".backup
-		git_editor "$TODO" ||
-			die_abort "Could not execute editor"
+cp "$todo" "$todo".backup
+git_editor "$todo" ||
+	die_abort "Could not execute editor"
 
-		has_action "$TODO" ||
-			die_abort "Nothing to do"
+has_action "$todo" ||
+	die_abort "Nothing to do"
 
-		test -d "$REWRITTEN" || test -n "$NEVER_FF" || skip_unnecessary_picks
+test -d "$rewritten" || test -n "$force_rebase" || skip_unnecessary_picks
 
-		output git checkout $ONTO || die_abort "could not detach HEAD"
-		git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $HEAD
-		do_rest
-		;;
-	esac
-	shift
-done
+output git checkout $onto || die_abort "could not detach HEAD"
+git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $orig_head
+do_rest
diff --git a/git-rebase--merge.sh b/git-rebase--merge.sh
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..26afc75
--- /dev/null
+++ b/git-rebase--merge.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2010 Junio C Hamano.
+#
+
+. git-sh-setup
+
+prec=4
+
+read_state () {
+	onto_name=$(cat "$state_dir"/onto_name) &&
+	end=$(cat "$state_dir"/end) &&
+	msgnum=$(cat "$state_dir"/msgnum)
+}
+
+continue_merge () {
+	test -d "$state_dir" || die "$state_dir directory does not exist"
+
+	unmerged=$(git ls-files -u)
+	if test -n "$unmerged"
+	then
+		echo "You still have unmerged paths in your index"
+		echo "did you forget to use git add?"
+		die "$resolvemsg"
+	fi
+
+	cmt=`cat "$state_dir/current"`
+	if ! git diff-index --quiet --ignore-submodules HEAD --
+	then
+		if ! git commit --no-verify -C "$cmt"
+		then
+			echo "Commit failed, please do not call \"git commit\""
+			echo "directly, but instead do one of the following: "
+			die "$resolvemsg"
+		fi
+		if test -z "$GIT_QUIET"
+		then
+			printf "Committed: %0${prec}d " $msgnum
+		fi
+		echo "$cmt $(git rev-parse HEAD^0)" >> "$state_dir/rewritten"
+	else
+		if test -z "$GIT_QUIET"
+		then
+			printf "Already applied: %0${prec}d " $msgnum
+		fi
+	fi
+	test -z "$GIT_QUIET" &&
+	GIT_PAGER='' git log --format=%s -1 "$cmt"
+
+	# onto the next patch:
+	msgnum=$(($msgnum + 1))
+	echo "$msgnum" >"$state_dir/msgnum"
+}
+
+call_merge () {
+	cmt="$(cat "$state_dir/cmt.$1")"
+	echo "$cmt" > "$state_dir/current"
+	hd=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD)
+	cmt_name=$(git symbolic-ref HEAD 2> /dev/null || echo HEAD)
+	msgnum=$(cat "$state_dir/msgnum")
+	eval GITHEAD_$cmt='"${cmt_name##refs/heads/}~$(($end - $msgnum))"'
+	eval GITHEAD_$hd='$onto_name'
+	export GITHEAD_$cmt GITHEAD_$hd
+	if test -n "$GIT_QUIET"
+	then
+		GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY=1 && export GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY
+	fi
+	test -z "$strategy" && strategy=recursive
+	eval 'git-merge-$strategy' $strategy_opts '"$cmt^" -- "$hd" "$cmt"'
+	rv=$?
+	case "$rv" in
+	0)
+		unset GITHEAD_$cmt GITHEAD_$hd
+		return
+		;;
+	1)
+		git rerere $allow_rerere_autoupdate
+		die "$resolvemsg"
+		;;
+	2)
+		echo "Strategy: $strategy failed, try another" 1>&2
+		die "$resolvemsg"
+		;;
+	*)
+		die "Unknown exit code ($rv) from command:" \
+			"git-merge-$strategy $cmt^ -- HEAD $cmt"
+		;;
+	esac
+}
+
+finish_rb_merge () {
+	move_to_original_branch
+	git notes copy --for-rewrite=rebase < "$state_dir"/rewritten
+	if test -x "$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite &&
+		test -s "$state_dir"/rewritten; then
+		"$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite rebase < "$state_dir"/rewritten
+	fi
+	rm -r "$state_dir"
+	say All done.
+}
+
+case "$action" in
+continue)
+	read_state
+	continue_merge
+	while test "$msgnum" -le "$end"
+	do
+		call_merge "$msgnum"
+		continue_merge
+	done
+	finish_rb_merge
+	exit
+	;;
+skip)
+	read_state
+	git rerere clear
+	msgnum=$(($msgnum + 1))
+	while test "$msgnum" -le "$end"
+	do
+		call_merge "$msgnum"
+		continue_merge
+	done
+	finish_rb_merge
+	exit
+	;;
+esac
+
+mkdir -p "$state_dir"
+echo "$onto_name" > "$state_dir/onto_name"
+write_basic_state
+
+msgnum=0
+for cmt in `git rev-list --reverse --no-merges "$revisions"`
+do
+	msgnum=$(($msgnum + 1))
+	echo "$cmt" > "$state_dir/cmt.$msgnum"
+done
+
+echo 1 >"$state_dir/msgnum"
+echo $msgnum >"$state_dir/end"
+
+end=$msgnum
+msgnum=1
+
+while test "$msgnum" -le "$end"
+do
+	call_merge "$msgnum"
+	continue_merge
+done
+
+finish_rb_merge
diff --git a/git-rebase.sh b/git-rebase.sh
index cbb0ea9..d7855ea 100755
--- a/git-rebase.sh
+++ b/git-rebase.sh
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
 # Copyright (c) 2005 Junio C Hamano.
 #
 
-USAGE='[--interactive | -i] [-v] [--force-rebase | -f] [--no-ff] [--onto <newbase>] (<upstream>|--root) [<branch>] [--quiet | -q]'
+USAGE='[--interactive | -i] [-v] [--force-rebase | -f] [--no-ff] [--onto <newbase>] [<upstream>|--root] [<branch>] [--quiet | -q]'
 LONG_USAGE='git-rebase replaces <branch> with a new branch of the
 same name.  When the --onto option is provided the new branch starts
 out with a HEAD equal to <newbase>, otherwise it is equal to <upstream>
@@ -28,7 +28,39 @@
 '
 
 SUBDIRECTORY_OK=Yes
-OPTIONS_SPEC=
+OPTIONS_KEEPDASHDASH=
+OPTIONS_SPEC="\
+git rebase [-i] [options] [--onto <newbase>] [<upstream>] [<branch>]
+git rebase [-i] [options] --onto <newbase> --root [<branch>]
+git-rebase [-i] --continue | --abort | --skip
+--
+ Available options are
+v,verbose!         display a diffstat of what changed upstream
+q,quiet!           be quiet. implies --no-stat
+onto=!             rebase onto given branch instead of upstream
+p,preserve-merges! try to recreate merges instead of ignoring them
+s,strategy=!       use the given merge strategy
+no-ff!             cherry-pick all commits, even if unchanged
+m,merge!           use merging strategies to rebase
+i,interactive!     let the user edit the list of commits to rebase
+f,force-rebase!    force rebase even if branch is up to date
+X,strategy-option=! pass the argument through to the merge strategy
+stat!              display a diffstat of what changed upstream
+n,no-stat!         do not show diffstat of what changed upstream
+verify             allow pre-rebase hook to run
+rerere-autoupdate  allow rerere to update index with resolved conflicts
+root!              rebase all reachable commits up to the root(s)
+autosquash         move commits that begin with squash!/fixup! under -i
+committer-date-is-author-date! passed to 'git am'
+ignore-date!       passed to 'git am'
+whitespace=!       passed to 'git apply'
+ignore-whitespace! passed to 'git apply'
+C=!                passed to 'git apply'
+ Actions:
+continue!          continue rebasing process
+abort!             abort rebasing process and restore original branch
+skip!              skip current patch and continue rebasing process
+"
 . git-sh-setup
 set_reflog_action rebase
 require_work_tree
@@ -36,18 +68,18 @@
 
 LF='
 '
-OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE=
-RESOLVEMSG="
+ok_to_skip_pre_rebase=
+resolvemsg="
 When you have resolved this problem run \"git rebase --continue\".
 If you would prefer to skip this patch, instead run \"git rebase --skip\".
 To restore the original branch and stop rebasing run \"git rebase --abort\".
 "
-unset newbase
-strategy=recursive
+unset onto
+strategy=
 strategy_opts=
 do_merge=
-dotest="$GIT_DIR"/rebase-merge
-prec=4
+merge_dir="$GIT_DIR"/rebase-merge
+apply_dir="$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply
 verbose=
 diffstat=
 test "$(git config --bool rebase.stat)" = true && diffstat=t
@@ -55,139 +87,90 @@
 rebase_root=
 force_rebase=
 allow_rerere_autoupdate=
+# Non-empty if a rebase was in progress when 'git rebase' was invoked
+in_progress=
+# One of {am, merge, interactive}
+type=
+# One of {"$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply, "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-merge}
+state_dir=
+# One of {'', continue, skip, abort}, as parsed from command line
+action=
+preserve_merges=
+autosquash=
+test "$(git config --bool rebase.autosquash)" = "true" && autosquash=t
 
-continue_merge () {
-	test -n "$prev_head" || die "prev_head must be defined"
-	test -d "$dotest" || die "$dotest directory does not exist"
-
-	unmerged=$(git ls-files -u)
-	if test -n "$unmerged"
+read_basic_state () {
+	head_name=$(cat "$state_dir"/head-name) &&
+	onto=$(cat "$state_dir"/onto) &&
+	# We always write to orig-head, but interactive rebase used to write to
+	# head. Fall back to reading from head to cover for the case that the
+	# user upgraded git with an ongoing interactive rebase.
+	if test -f "$state_dir"/orig-head
 	then
-		echo "You still have unmerged paths in your index"
-		echo "did you forget to use git add?"
-		die "$RESOLVEMSG"
-	fi
-
-	cmt=`cat "$dotest/current"`
-	if ! git diff-index --quiet --ignore-submodules HEAD --
-	then
-		if ! git commit --no-verify -C "$cmt"
-		then
-			echo "Commit failed, please do not call \"git commit\""
-			echo "directly, but instead do one of the following: "
-			die "$RESOLVEMSG"
-		fi
-		if test -z "$GIT_QUIET"
-		then
-			printf "Committed: %0${prec}d " $msgnum
-		fi
-		echo "$cmt $(git rev-parse HEAD^0)" >> "$dotest/rewritten"
+		orig_head=$(cat "$state_dir"/orig-head)
 	else
-		if test -z "$GIT_QUIET"
-		then
-			printf "Already applied: %0${prec}d " $msgnum
-		fi
-	fi
-	test -z "$GIT_QUIET" &&
-	GIT_PAGER='' git log --format=%s -1 "$cmt"
-
-	prev_head=`git rev-parse HEAD^0`
-	# save the resulting commit so we can read-tree on it later
-	echo "$prev_head" > "$dotest/prev_head"
-
-	# onto the next patch:
-	msgnum=$(($msgnum + 1))
-	echo "$msgnum" >"$dotest/msgnum"
+		orig_head=$(cat "$state_dir"/head)
+	fi &&
+	GIT_QUIET=$(cat "$state_dir"/quiet) &&
+	test -f "$state_dir"/verbose && verbose=t
+	test -f "$state_dir"/strategy && strategy="$(cat "$state_dir"/strategy)"
+	test -f "$state_dir"/strategy_opts &&
+		strategy_opts="$(cat "$state_dir"/strategy_opts)"
+	test -f "$state_dir"/allow_rerere_autoupdate &&
+		allow_rerere_autoupdate="$(cat "$state_dir"/allow_rerere_autoupdate)"
 }
 
-call_merge () {
-	cmt="$(cat "$dotest/cmt.$1")"
-	echo "$cmt" > "$dotest/current"
-	hd=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD)
-	cmt_name=$(git symbolic-ref HEAD 2> /dev/null || echo HEAD)
-	msgnum=$(cat "$dotest/msgnum")
-	end=$(cat "$dotest/end")
-	eval GITHEAD_$cmt='"${cmt_name##refs/heads/}~$(($end - $msgnum))"'
-	eval GITHEAD_$hd='$(cat "$dotest/onto_name")'
-	export GITHEAD_$cmt GITHEAD_$hd
-	if test -n "$GIT_QUIET"
-	then
-		GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY=1 && export GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY
-	fi
-	eval 'git-merge-$strategy' $strategy_opts '"$cmt^" -- "$hd" "$cmt"'
-	rv=$?
-	case "$rv" in
-	0)
-		unset GITHEAD_$cmt GITHEAD_$hd
-		return
-		;;
-	1)
-		git rerere $allow_rerere_autoupdate
-		die "$RESOLVEMSG"
-		;;
-	2)
-		echo "Strategy: $rv $strategy failed, try another" 1>&2
-		die "$RESOLVEMSG"
+write_basic_state () {
+	echo "$head_name" > "$state_dir"/head-name &&
+	echo "$onto" > "$state_dir"/onto &&
+	echo "$orig_head" > "$state_dir"/orig-head &&
+	echo "$GIT_QUIET" > "$state_dir"/quiet &&
+	test t = "$verbose" && : > "$state_dir"/verbose
+	test -n "$strategy" && echo "$strategy" > "$state_dir"/strategy
+	test -n "$strategy_opts" && echo "$strategy_opts" > \
+		"$state_dir"/strategy_opts
+	test -n "$allow_rerere_autoupdate" && echo "$allow_rerere_autoupdate" > \
+		"$state_dir"/allow_rerere_autoupdate
+}
+
+output () {
+	case "$verbose" in
+	'')
+		output=$("$@" 2>&1 )
+		status=$?
+		test $status != 0 && printf "%s\n" "$output"
+		return $status
 		;;
 	*)
-		die "Unknown exit code ($rv) from command:" \
-			"git-merge-$strategy $cmt^ -- HEAD $cmt"
+		"$@"
 		;;
 	esac
 }
 
 move_to_original_branch () {
-	test -z "$head_name" &&
-		head_name="$(cat "$dotest"/head-name)" &&
-		onto="$(cat "$dotest"/onto)" &&
-		orig_head="$(cat "$dotest"/orig-head)"
 	case "$head_name" in
 	refs/*)
 		message="rebase finished: $head_name onto $onto"
 		git update-ref -m "$message" \
 			$head_name $(git rev-parse HEAD) $orig_head &&
-		git symbolic-ref HEAD $head_name ||
+		git symbolic-ref \
+			-m "rebase finished: returning to $head_name" \
+			HEAD $head_name ||
 		die "Could not move back to $head_name"
 		;;
 	esac
 }
 
-finish_rb_merge () {
-	move_to_original_branch
-	git notes copy --for-rewrite=rebase < "$dotest"/rewritten
-	if test -x "$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite &&
-		test -s "$dotest"/rewritten; then
-		"$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-rewrite rebase < "$dotest"/rewritten
-	fi
-	rm -r "$dotest"
-	say All done.
-}
-
-is_interactive () {
-	while test $# != 0
-	do
-		case "$1" in
-			-i|--interactive)
-				interactive_rebase=explicit
-				break
-			;;
-			-p|--preserve-merges)
-				interactive_rebase=implied
-			;;
-		esac
-		shift
-	done
-
+run_specific_rebase () {
 	if [ "$interactive_rebase" = implied ]; then
 		GIT_EDITOR=:
 		export GIT_EDITOR
 	fi
-
-	test -n "$interactive_rebase" || test -f "$dotest"/interactive
+	. git-rebase--$type
 }
 
 run_pre_rebase_hook () {
-	if test -z "$OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE" &&
+	if test -z "$ok_to_skip_pre_rebase" &&
 	   test -x "$GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-rebase"
 	then
 		"$GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-rebase" ${1+"$@"} ||
@@ -195,163 +178,94 @@
 	fi
 }
 
-test -f "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/applying &&
+test -f "$apply_dir"/applying &&
 	die 'It looks like git-am is in progress. Cannot rebase.'
 
-is_interactive "$@" && exec git-rebase--interactive "$@"
+if test -d "$apply_dir"
+then
+	type=am
+	state_dir="$apply_dir"
+elif test -d "$merge_dir"
+then
+	if test -f "$merge_dir"/interactive
+	then
+		type=interactive
+		interactive_rebase=explicit
+	else
+		type=merge
+	fi
+	state_dir="$merge_dir"
+fi
+test -n "$type" && in_progress=t
 
+total_argc=$#
 while test $# != 0
 do
 	case "$1" in
 	--no-verify)
-		OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE=yes
+		ok_to_skip_pre_rebase=yes
 		;;
 	--verify)
-		OK_TO_SKIP_PRE_REBASE=
+		ok_to_skip_pre_rebase=
 		;;
-	--continue)
-		test -d "$dotest" -o -d "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply ||
-			die "No rebase in progress?"
-
-		git update-index --ignore-submodules --refresh &&
-		git diff-files --quiet --ignore-submodules || {
-			echo "You must edit all merge conflicts and then"
-			echo "mark them as resolved using git add"
-			exit 1
-		}
-		if test -d "$dotest"
-		then
-			prev_head=$(cat "$dotest/prev_head")
-			end=$(cat "$dotest/end")
-			msgnum=$(cat "$dotest/msgnum")
-			onto=$(cat "$dotest/onto")
-			GIT_QUIET=$(cat "$dotest/quiet")
-			continue_merge
-			while test "$msgnum" -le "$end"
-			do
-				call_merge "$msgnum"
-				continue_merge
-			done
-			finish_rb_merge
-			exit
-		fi
-		head_name=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/head-name) &&
-		onto=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/onto) &&
-		orig_head=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/orig-head) &&
-		GIT_QUIET=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/quiet)
-		git am --resolved --3way --resolvemsg="$RESOLVEMSG" &&
-		move_to_original_branch
-		exit
-		;;
-	--skip)
-		test -d "$dotest" -o -d "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply ||
-			die "No rebase in progress?"
-
-		git reset --hard HEAD || exit $?
-		if test -d "$dotest"
-		then
-			git rerere clear
-			prev_head=$(cat "$dotest/prev_head")
-			end=$(cat "$dotest/end")
-			msgnum=$(cat "$dotest/msgnum")
-			msgnum=$(($msgnum + 1))
-			onto=$(cat "$dotest/onto")
-			GIT_QUIET=$(cat "$dotest/quiet")
-			while test "$msgnum" -le "$end"
-			do
-				call_merge "$msgnum"
-				continue_merge
-			done
-			finish_rb_merge
-			exit
-		fi
-		head_name=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/head-name) &&
-		onto=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/onto) &&
-		orig_head=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/orig-head) &&
-		GIT_QUIET=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/quiet)
-		git am -3 --skip --resolvemsg="$RESOLVEMSG" &&
-		move_to_original_branch
-		exit
-		;;
-	--abort)
-		test -d "$dotest" -o -d "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply ||
-			die "No rebase in progress?"
-
-		git rerere clear
-
-		test -d "$dotest" || dotest="$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply
-
-		head_name="$(cat "$dotest"/head-name)" &&
-		case "$head_name" in
-		refs/*)
-			git symbolic-ref HEAD $head_name ||
-			die "Could not move back to $head_name"
-			;;
-		esac
-		git reset --hard $(cat "$dotest/orig-head")
-		rm -r "$dotest"
-		exit
+	--continue|--skip|--abort)
+		test $total_argc -eq 2 || usage
+		action=${1##--}
 		;;
 	--onto)
 		test 2 -le "$#" || usage
-		newbase="$2"
+		onto="$2"
 		shift
 		;;
-	-M|-m|--m|--me|--mer|--merg|--merge)
+	-i)
+		interactive_rebase=explicit
+		;;
+	-p)
+		preserve_merges=t
+		test -z "$interactive_rebase" && interactive_rebase=implied
+		;;
+	--autosquash)
+		autosquash=t
+		;;
+	--no-autosquash)
+		autosquash=
+		;;
+	-M|-m)
 		do_merge=t
 		;;
-	-X*|--strategy-option*)
-		case "$#,$1" in
-		1,-X|1,--strategy-option)
-			usage ;;
-		*,-X|*,--strategy-option)
-			newopt="$2"
-			shift ;;
-		*,--strategy-option=*)
-			newopt="$(expr " $1" : ' --strategy-option=\(.*\)')" ;;
-		*,-X*)
-			newopt="$(expr " $1" : ' -X\(.*\)')" ;;
-		1,*)
-			usage ;;
-		esac
-		strategy_opts="$strategy_opts $(git rev-parse --sq-quote "--$newopt")"
+	-X)
+		shift
+		strategy_opts="$strategy_opts $(git rev-parse --sq-quote "--$1")"
+		do_merge=t
+		test -z "$strategy" && strategy=recursive
+		;;
+	-s)
+		shift
+		strategy="$1"
 		do_merge=t
 		;;
-	-s=*|--s=*|--st=*|--str=*|--stra=*|--strat=*|--strate=*|\
-		--strateg=*|--strategy=*|\
-	-s|--s|--st|--str|--stra|--strat|--strate|--strateg|--strategy)
-		case "$#,$1" in
-		*,*=*)
-			strategy=`expr "z$1" : 'z-[^=]*=\(.*\)'` ;;
-		1,*)
-			usage ;;
-		*)
-			strategy="$2"
-			shift ;;
-		esac
-		do_merge=t
-		;;
-	-n|--no-stat)
+	-n)
 		diffstat=
 		;;
 	--stat)
 		diffstat=t
 		;;
-	-v|--verbose)
+	-v)
 		verbose=t
 		diffstat=t
 		GIT_QUIET=
 		;;
-	-q|--quiet)
+	-q)
 		GIT_QUIET=t
 		git_am_opt="$git_am_opt -q"
 		verbose=
 		diffstat=
 		;;
-	--whitespace=*)
-		git_am_opt="$git_am_opt $1"
+	--whitespace)
+		shift
+		git_am_opt="$git_am_opt --whitespace=$1"
 		case "$1" in
-		--whitespace=fix|--whitespace=strip)
+		fix|strip)
 			force_rebase=t
 			;;
 		esac
@@ -363,22 +277,21 @@
 		git_am_opt="$git_am_opt $1"
 		force_rebase=t
 		;;
-	-C*)
-		git_am_opt="$git_am_opt $1"
+	-C)
+		shift
+		git_am_opt="$git_am_opt -C$1"
 		;;
 	--root)
 		rebase_root=t
 		;;
-	-f|--f|--fo|--for|--forc|--force|--force-r|--force-re|--force-reb|--force-reba|--force-rebas|--force-rebase|--no-ff)
+	-f|--no-ff)
 		force_rebase=t
 		;;
 	--rerere-autoupdate|--no-rerere-autoupdate)
 		allow_rerere_autoupdate="$1"
 		;;
-	-*)
-		usage
-		;;
-	*)
+	--)
+		shift
 		break
 		;;
 	esac
@@ -386,58 +299,106 @@
 done
 test $# -gt 2 && usage
 
-if test $# -eq 0 && test -z "$rebase_root"
+if test -n "$action"
 then
-	test -d "$dotest" -o -d "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply || usage
-	test -d "$dotest" -o -f "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/rebasing &&
-		die 'A rebase is in progress, try --continue, --skip or --abort.'
+	test -z "$in_progress" && die "No rebase in progress?"
+	# Only interactive rebase uses detailed reflog messages
+	if test "$type" = interactive && test "$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION" = rebase
+	then
+		GIT_REFLOG_ACTION="rebase -i ($action)"
+		export GIT_REFLOG_ACTION
+	fi
 fi
 
-# Make sure we do not have $GIT_DIR/rebase-apply
-if test -z "$do_merge"
+case "$action" in
+continue)
+	# Sanity check
+	git rev-parse --verify HEAD >/dev/null ||
+		die "Cannot read HEAD"
+	git update-index --ignore-submodules --refresh &&
+	git diff-files --quiet --ignore-submodules || {
+		echo "You must edit all merge conflicts and then"
+		echo "mark them as resolved using git add"
+		exit 1
+	}
+	read_basic_state
+	run_specific_rebase
+	;;
+skip)
+	output git reset --hard HEAD || exit $?
+	read_basic_state
+	run_specific_rebase
+	;;
+abort)
+	git rerere clear
+	read_basic_state
+	case "$head_name" in
+	refs/*)
+		git symbolic-ref -m "rebase: aborting" HEAD $head_name ||
+		die "Could not move back to $head_name"
+		;;
+	esac
+	output git reset --hard $orig_head
+	rm -r "$state_dir"
+	exit
+	;;
+esac
+
+# Make sure no rebase is in progress
+if test -n "$in_progress"
 then
-	if mkdir "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply 2>/dev/null
-	then
-		rmdir "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply
-	else
-		echo >&2 '
-It seems that I cannot create a rebase-apply directory, and
-I wonder if you are in the middle of patch application or another
-rebase.  If that is not the case, please
-	rm -fr '"$GIT_DIR"'/rebase-apply
+	die '
+It seems that there is already a '"${state_dir##*/}"' directory, and
+I wonder if you are in the middle of another rebase.  If that is the
+case, please try
+	git rebase (--continue | --abort | --skip)
+If that is not the case, please
+	rm -fr '"$state_dir"'
 and run me again.  I am stopping in case you still have something
 valuable there.'
-		exit 1
-	fi
-else
-	if test -d "$dotest"
-	then
-		die "previous rebase directory $dotest still exists." \
-			'Try git rebase (--continue | --abort | --skip)'
-	fi
 fi
 
-require_clean_work_tree "rebase" "Please commit or stash them."
+if test -n "$interactive_rebase"
+then
+	type=interactive
+	state_dir="$merge_dir"
+elif test -n "$do_merge"
+then
+	type=merge
+	state_dir="$merge_dir"
+else
+	type=am
+	state_dir="$apply_dir"
+fi
 
 if test -z "$rebase_root"
 then
-	# The upstream head must be given.  Make sure it is valid.
-	upstream_name="$1"
-	shift
+	case "$#" in
+	0)
+		if ! upstream_name=$(git rev-parse --symbolic-full-name \
+			--verify -q @{upstream} 2>/dev/null)
+		then
+			. git-parse-remote
+			error_on_missing_default_upstream "rebase" "rebase" \
+				"against" "git rebase <upstream branch>"
+		fi
+		;;
+	*)	upstream_name="$1"
+		shift
+		;;
+	esac
 	upstream=`git rev-parse --verify "${upstream_name}^0"` ||
 	die "invalid upstream $upstream_name"
-	unset root_flag
 	upstream_arg="$upstream_name"
 else
-	test -z "$newbase" && die "--root must be used with --onto"
+	test -z "$onto" && die "You must specify --onto when using --root"
 	unset upstream_name
 	unset upstream
-	root_flag="--root"
-	upstream_arg="$root_flag"
+	upstream_arg=--root
 fi
 
 # Make sure the branch to rebase onto is valid.
-onto_name=${newbase-"$upstream_name"}
+onto_name=${onto-"$upstream_name"}
 case "$onto_name" in
 *...*)
 	if	left=${onto_name%...*} right=${onto_name#*...} &&
@@ -456,13 +417,11 @@
 	fi
 	;;
 *)
-	onto=$(git rev-parse --verify "${onto_name}^0") || exit
+	onto=$(git rev-parse --verify "${onto_name}^0") ||
+	die "Does not point to a valid commit: $1"
 	;;
 esac
 
-# If a hook exists, give it a chance to interrupt
-run_pre_rebase_hook "$upstream_arg" "$@"
-
 # If the branch to rebase is given, that is the branch we will rebase
 # $branch_name -- branch being rebased, or HEAD (already detached)
 # $orig_head -- commit object name of tip of the branch before rebasing
@@ -475,10 +434,10 @@
 	switch_to="$1"
 
 	if git show-ref --verify --quiet -- "refs/heads/$1" &&
-	   branch=$(git rev-parse -q --verify "refs/heads/$1")
+	   orig_head=$(git rev-parse -q --verify "refs/heads/$1")
 	then
 		head_name="refs/heads/$1"
-	elif branch=$(git rev-parse -q --verify "$1")
+	elif orig_head=$(git rev-parse -q --verify "$1")
 	then
 		head_name="detached HEAD"
 	else
@@ -496,20 +455,23 @@
 		head_name="detached HEAD"
 		branch_name=HEAD ;# detached
 	fi
-	branch=$(git rev-parse --verify "${branch_name}^0") || exit
+	orig_head=$(git rev-parse --verify "${branch_name}^0") || exit
 	;;
 esac
-orig_head=$branch
 
-# Now we are rebasing commits $upstream..$branch (or with --root,
-# everything leading up to $branch) on top of $onto
+require_clean_work_tree "rebase" "Please commit or stash them."
+
+# Now we are rebasing commits $upstream..$orig_head (or with --root,
+# everything leading up to $orig_head) on top of $onto
 
 # Check if we are already based on $onto with linear history,
-# but this should be done only when upstream and onto are the same.
-mb=$(git merge-base "$onto" "$branch")
-if test "$upstream" = "$onto" && test "$mb" = "$onto" &&
+# but this should be done only when upstream and onto are the same
+# and if this is not an interactive rebase.
+mb=$(git merge-base "$onto" "$orig_head")
+if test "$type" != interactive && test "$upstream" = "$onto" &&
+	test "$mb" = "$onto" &&
 	# linear history?
-	! (git rev-list --parents "$onto".."$branch" | sane_grep " .* ") > /dev/null
+	! (git rev-list --parents "$onto".."$orig_head" | sane_grep " .* ") > /dev/null
 then
 	if test -z "$force_rebase"
 	then
@@ -522,10 +484,8 @@
 	fi
 fi
 
-# Detach HEAD and reset the tree
-say "First, rewinding head to replay your work on top of it..."
-git checkout -q "$onto^0" || die "could not detach HEAD"
-git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $branch
+# If a hook exists, give it a chance to interrupt
+run_pre_rebase_hook "$upstream_arg" "$@"
 
 if test -n "$diffstat"
 then
@@ -537,9 +497,16 @@
 	GIT_PAGER='' git diff --stat --summary "$mb" "$onto"
 fi
 
+test "$type" = interactive && run_specific_rebase
+
+# Detach HEAD and reset the tree
+say "First, rewinding head to replay your work on top of it..."
+git checkout -q "$onto^0" || die "could not detach HEAD"
+git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $orig_head
+
 # If the $onto is a proper descendant of the tip of the branch, then
 # we just fast-forwarded.
-if test "$mb" = "$branch"
+if test "$mb" = "$orig_head"
 then
 	say "Fast-forwarded $branch_name to $onto_name."
 	move_to_original_branch
@@ -553,51 +520,4 @@
 	revisions="$upstream..$orig_head"
 fi
 
-if test -z "$do_merge"
-then
-	git format-patch -k --stdout --full-index --ignore-if-in-upstream \
-		--src-prefix=a/ --dst-prefix=b/ \
-		--no-renames $root_flag "$revisions" |
-	git am $git_am_opt --rebasing --resolvemsg="$RESOLVEMSG" &&
-	move_to_original_branch
-	ret=$?
-	test 0 != $ret -a -d "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply &&
-		echo $head_name > "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/head-name &&
-		echo $onto > "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/onto &&
-		echo $orig_head > "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/orig-head &&
-		echo "$GIT_QUIET" > "$GIT_DIR"/rebase-apply/quiet
-	exit $ret
-fi
-
-# start doing a rebase with git-merge
-# this is rename-aware if the recursive (default) strategy is used
-
-mkdir -p "$dotest"
-echo "$onto" > "$dotest/onto"
-echo "$onto_name" > "$dotest/onto_name"
-prev_head=$orig_head
-echo "$prev_head" > "$dotest/prev_head"
-echo "$orig_head" > "$dotest/orig-head"
-echo "$head_name" > "$dotest/head-name"
-echo "$GIT_QUIET" > "$dotest/quiet"
-
-msgnum=0
-for cmt in `git rev-list --reverse --no-merges "$revisions"`
-do
-	msgnum=$(($msgnum + 1))
-	echo "$cmt" > "$dotest/cmt.$msgnum"
-done
-
-echo 1 >"$dotest/msgnum"
-echo $msgnum >"$dotest/end"
-
-end=$msgnum
-msgnum=1
-
-while test "$msgnum" -le "$end"
-do
-	call_merge "$msgnum"
-	continue_merge
-done
-
-finish_rb_merge
+run_specific_rebase
diff --git a/git-sh-i18n.sh b/git-sh-i18n.sh
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..32ca59d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/git-sh-i18n.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2010 Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
+#
+# This is a skeleton no-op implementation of gettext for Git. It'll be
+# replaced by something that uses gettext.sh in a future patch series.
+
+if test -z "$GIT_GETTEXT_POISON"
+then
+	gettext () {
+		printf "%s" "$1"
+	}
+
+	eval_gettext () {
+		printf "%s" "$1" | (
+			export PATH $(git sh-i18n--envsubst --variables "$1");
+			git sh-i18n--envsubst "$1"
+		)
+	}
+else
+	gettext () {
+		printf "%s" "# GETTEXT POISON #"
+	}
+
+	eval_gettext () {
+		printf "%s" "# GETTEXT POISON #"
+	}
+fi
+
diff --git a/git-sh-setup.sh b/git-sh-setup.sh
index aa16b83..94e26ed 100644
--- a/git-sh-setup.sh
+++ b/git-sh-setup.sh
@@ -140,6 +140,13 @@
 	}
 }
 
+require_work_tree_exists () {
+	if test "z$(git rev-parse --is-bare-repository)" != zfalse
+	then
+		die "fatal: $0 cannot be used without a working tree."
+	fi
+}
+
 require_work_tree () {
 	test "$(git rev-parse --is-inside-work-tree 2>/dev/null)" = true ||
 	die "fatal: $0 cannot be used without a working tree."
diff --git a/git-submodule.sh b/git-submodule.sh
index 4361ae4..d189a24 100755
--- a/git-submodule.sh
+++ b/git-submodule.sh
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
 USAGE="[--quiet] add [-b branch] [-f|--force] [--reference <repository>] [--] <repository> [<path>]
    or: $dashless [--quiet] status [--cached] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]
    or: $dashless [--quiet] init [--] [<path>...]
-   or: $dashless [--quiet] update [--init] [-N|--no-fetch] [--rebase] [--reference <repository>] [--merge] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]
+   or: $dashless [--quiet] update [--init] [-N|--no-fetch] [-f|--force] [--rebase] [--reference <repository>] [--merge] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]
    or: $dashless [--quiet] summary [--cached|--files] [--summary-limit <n>] [commit] [--] [<path>...]
    or: $dashless [--quiet] foreach [--recursive] <command>
    or: $dashless [--quiet] sync [--] [<path>...]"
@@ -402,6 +402,9 @@
 		-N|--no-fetch)
 			nofetch=1
 			;;
+		-f|--force)
+			force=$1
+			;;
 		-r|--rebase)
 			update="rebase"
 			;;
@@ -480,10 +483,11 @@
 
 		if test "$subsha1" != "$sha1"
 		then
-			force=
-			if test -z "$subsha1"
+			subforce=$force
+			# If we don't already have a -f flag and the submodule has never been checked out
+			if test -z "$subsha1" -a -z "$force"
 			then
-				force="-f"
+				subforce="-f"
 			fi
 
 			if test -z "$nofetch"
@@ -515,7 +519,7 @@
 				msg="merged in"
 				;;
 			*)
-				command="git checkout $force -q"
+				command="git checkout $subforce -q"
 				action="checkout"
 				msg="checked out"
 				;;
diff --git a/git-svn.perl b/git-svn.perl
index da3fea8..7849cfc 100755
--- a/git-svn.perl
+++ b/git-svn.perl
@@ -784,6 +784,15 @@
 	print "$result\n" if $result;
 }
 
+sub auto_create_empty_directories {
+	my ($gs) = @_;
+	my $var = eval { command_oneline('config', '--get', '--bool',
+					 "svn-remote.$gs->{repo_id}.automkdirs") };
+	# By default, create empty directories by consulting the unhandled log,
+	# but allow setting it to 'false' to skip it.
+	return !($var && $var eq 'false');
+}
+
 sub cmd_rebase {
 	command_noisy(qw/update-index --refresh/);
 	my ($url, $rev, $uuid, $gs) = working_head_info('HEAD');
@@ -807,7 +816,9 @@
 		$_fetch_all ? $gs->fetch_all : $gs->fetch;
 	}
 	command_noisy(rebase_cmd(), $gs->refname);
-	$gs->mkemptydirs;
+	if (auto_create_empty_directories($gs)) {
+		$gs->mkemptydirs;
+	}
 }
 
 sub cmd_show_ignore {
@@ -1245,7 +1256,9 @@
 	command_noisy(qw/read-tree -m -u -v HEAD HEAD/);
 	print STDERR "Checked out HEAD:\n  ",
 	             $gs->full_url, " r", $gs->last_rev, "\n";
-	$gs->mkemptydirs($gs->last_rev);
+	if (auto_create_empty_directories($gs)) {
+		$gs->mkemptydirs($gs->last_rev);
+	}
 }
 
 sub complete_svn_url {
diff --git a/git.c b/git.c
index df4306d..89721d4 100644
--- a/git.c
+++ b/git.c
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 #include "run-command.h"
 
 const char git_usage_string[] =
-	"git [--version] [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path]\n"
+	"git [--version] [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]\n"
 	"           [-p|--paginate|--no-pager] [--no-replace-objects]\n"
 	"           [--bare] [--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>]\n"
 	"           [-c name=value] [--help]\n"
@@ -95,6 +95,12 @@
 		} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--html-path")) {
 			puts(system_path(GIT_HTML_PATH));
 			exit(0);
+		} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--man-path")) {
+			puts(system_path(GIT_MAN_PATH));
+			exit(0);
+		} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--info-path")) {
+			puts(system_path(GIT_INFO_PATH));
+			exit(0);
 		} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "-p") || !strcmp(cmd, "--paginate")) {
 			use_pager = 1;
 		} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--no-pager")) {
@@ -177,6 +183,8 @@
 		if (alias_string[0] == '!') {
 			const char **alias_argv;
 			int argc = *argcp, i;
+			struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
+			const char *env[2];
 
 			commit_pager_choice();
 
@@ -187,7 +195,13 @@
 				alias_argv[i] = (*argv)[i];
 			alias_argv[argc] = NULL;
 
-			ret = run_command_v_opt(alias_argv, RUN_USING_SHELL);
+			strbuf_addstr(&sb, "GIT_PREFIX=");
+			if (subdir)
+				strbuf_addstr(&sb, subdir);
+			env[0] = sb.buf;
+			env[1] = NULL;
+			ret = run_command_v_opt_cd_env(alias_argv, RUN_USING_SHELL, NULL, env);
+			strbuf_release(&sb);
 			if (ret >= 0)   /* normal exit */
 				exit(ret);
 
diff --git a/gitweb/Makefile b/gitweb/Makefile
index 0a6ac00..5d20515 100644
--- a/gitweb/Makefile
+++ b/gitweb/Makefile
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@
 endif
 endif
 
-all:: gitweb.cgi
+all:: gitweb.cgi static/gitweb.js
 
 GITWEB_PROGRAMS = gitweb.cgi
 
@@ -112,6 +112,18 @@
 
 GITWEB_FILES += static/git-logo.png static/git-favicon.png
 
+# JavaScript files that are composed (concatenated) to form gitweb.js
+#
+# js/lib/common-lib.js should be always first, then js/lib/*.js,
+# then the rest of files; js/gitweb.js should be last (if it exists)
+GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES += static/js/lib/common-lib.js
+GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES += static/js/lib/datetime.js
+GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES += static/js/lib/cookies.js
+GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES += static/js/javascript-detection.js
+GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES += static/js/adjust-timezone.js
+GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES += static/js/blame_incremental.js
+
+
 GITWEB_REPLACE = \
 	-e 's|++GIT_VERSION++|$(GIT_VERSION)|g' \
 	-e 's|++GIT_BINDIR++|$(bindir)|g' \
@@ -146,6 +158,11 @@
 	chmod +x $@+ && \
 	mv $@+ $@
 
+static/gitweb.js: $(GITWEB_JSLIB_FILES)
+	$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@ $@+ && \
+	cat $^ >$@+ && \
+	mv $@+ $@
+
 ### Testing rules
 
 test:
diff --git a/gitweb/README b/gitweb/README
index a92bde7..a3a697b 100644
--- a/gitweb/README
+++ b/gitweb/README
@@ -207,6 +207,15 @@
    full description is available as 'title' attribute (usually shown on
    mouseover).  By default set to 25, which might be too small if you
    use long project descriptions.
+ * $projects_list_group_categories
+   Enables the grouping of projects by category on the project list page.
+   The category of a project is determined by the $GIT_DIR/category
+   file or the 'gitweb.category' variable in its repository configuration.
+   Disabled by default.
+ * $project_list_default_category
+   Default category for projects for which none is specified.  If set
+   to the empty string, such projects will remain uncategorized and
+   listed at the top, above categorized projects.
  * @git_base_url_list
    List of git base URLs used for URL to where fetch project from, shown
    in project summary page.  Full URL is "$git_base_url/$project".
@@ -314,6 +323,13 @@
    from the template during repository creation. You can use the
    gitweb.description repo configuration variable, but the file takes
    precedence.
+ * category (or gitweb.category)
+   Singe line category of a project, used to group projects if
+   $projects_list_group_categories is enabled. By default (file and
+   configuration variable absent), uncategorized projects are put in
+   the $project_list_default_category category. You can use the
+   gitweb.category repo configuration variable, but the file takes
+   precedence.
  * cloneurl (or multiple-valued gitweb.url)
    File with repository URL (used for clone and fetch), one per line.
    Displayed in the project summary page. You can use multiple-valued
diff --git a/gitweb/gitweb.perl b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
index f8db40a..240dd47 100755
--- a/gitweb/gitweb.perl
+++ b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
@@ -115,6 +115,14 @@
 # the width (in characters) of the projects list "Description" column
 our $projects_list_description_width = 25;
 
+# group projects by category on the projects list
+# (enabled if this variable evaluates to true)
+our $projects_list_group_categories = 0;
+
+# default category if none specified
+# (leave the empty string for no category)
+our $project_list_default_category = "";
+
 # default order of projects list
 # valid values are none, project, descr, owner, and age
 our $default_projects_order = "project";
@@ -412,20 +420,23 @@
 		'override' => 0,
 		'default' => []},
 
-	# Allow gitweb scan project content tags described in ctags/
-	# of project repository, and display the popular Web 2.0-ish
-	# "tag cloud" near the project list. Note that this is something
-	# COMPLETELY different from the normal Git tags.
+	# Allow gitweb scan project content tags of project repository,
+	# and display the popular Web 2.0-ish "tag cloud" near the projects
+	# list.  Note that this is something COMPLETELY different from the
+	# normal Git tags.
 
 	# gitweb by itself can show existing tags, but it does not handle
-	# tagging itself; you need an external application for that.
-	# For an example script, check Girocco's cgi/tagproj.cgi.
+	# tagging itself; you need to do it externally, outside gitweb.
+	# The format is described in git_get_project_ctags() subroutine.
 	# You may want to install the HTML::TagCloud Perl module to get
 	# a pretty tag cloud instead of just a list of tags.
 
 	# To enable system wide have in $GITWEB_CONFIG
-	# $feature{'ctags'}{'default'} = ['path_to_tag_script'];
+	# $feature{'ctags'}{'default'} = [1];
 	# Project specific override is not supported.
+
+	# In the future whether ctags editing is enabled might depend
+	# on the value, but using 1 should always mean no editing of ctags.
 	'ctags' => {
 		'override' => 0,
 		'default' => [0]},
@@ -480,6 +491,18 @@
 		'override' => 0,
 		'default' => [0]},
 
+	# Enable and configure ability to change common timezone for dates
+	# in gitweb output via JavaScript.  Enabled by default.
+	# Project specific override is not supported.
+	'javascript-timezone' => {
+		'override' => 0,
+		'default' => [
+			'local',     # default timezone: 'utc', 'local', or '(-|+)HHMM' format,
+			             # or undef to turn off this feature
+			'gitweb_tz', # name of cookie where to store selected timezone
+			'datetime',  # CSS class used to mark up dates for manipulation
+		]},
+
 	# Syntax highlighting support. This is based on Daniel Svensson's
 	# and Sham Chukoury's work in gitweb-xmms2.git.
 	# It requires the 'highlight' program present in $PATH,
@@ -620,18 +643,30 @@
 # if it is true then gitweb config would be run for each request.
 our $per_request_config = 1;
 
+# read and parse gitweb config file given by its parameter.
+# returns true on success, false on recoverable error, allowing
+# to chain this subroutine, using first file that exists.
+# dies on errors during parsing config file, as it is unrecoverable.
+sub read_config_file {
+	my $filename = shift;
+	return unless defined $filename;
+	# die if there are errors parsing config file
+	if (-e $filename) {
+		do $filename;
+		die $@ if $@;
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return;
+}
+
 our ($GITWEB_CONFIG, $GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM);
 sub evaluate_gitweb_config {
 	our $GITWEB_CONFIG = $ENV{'GITWEB_CONFIG'} || "++GITWEB_CONFIG++";
 	our $GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM = $ENV{'GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM'} || "++GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM++";
-	# die if there are errors parsing config file
-	if (-e $GITWEB_CONFIG) {
-		do $GITWEB_CONFIG;
-		die $@ if $@;
-	} elsif (-e $GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM) {
-		do $GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM;
-		die $@ if $@;
-	}
+
+	# use first config file that exists
+	read_config_file($GITWEB_CONFIG) or
+	read_config_file($GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM);
 }
 
 # Get loadavg of system, to compare against $maxload.
@@ -703,6 +738,7 @@
 	snapshot_format => "sf",
 	extra_options => "opt",
 	search_use_regexp => "sr",
+	ctag => "by_tag",
 	# this must be last entry (for manipulation from JavaScript)
 	javascript => "js"
 );
@@ -2558,37 +2594,94 @@
 ## ......................................................................
 ## git utility functions, directly accessing git repository
 
-sub git_get_project_description {
-	my $path = shift;
+# get the value of config variable either from file named as the variable
+# itself in the repository ($GIT_DIR/$name file), or from gitweb.$name
+# configuration variable in the repository config file.
+sub git_get_file_or_project_config {
+	my ($path, $name) = @_;
 
 	$git_dir = "$projectroot/$path";
-	open my $fd, '<', "$git_dir/description"
-		or return git_get_project_config('description');
-	my $descr = <$fd>;
+	open my $fd, '<', "$git_dir/$name"
+		or return git_get_project_config($name);
+	my $conf = <$fd>;
 	close $fd;
-	if (defined $descr) {
-		chomp $descr;
+	if (defined $conf) {
+		chomp $conf;
 	}
-	return $descr;
+	return $conf;
 }
 
-sub git_get_project_ctags {
+sub git_get_project_description {
 	my $path = shift;
+	return git_get_file_or_project_config($path, 'description');
+}
+
+sub git_get_project_category {
+	my $path = shift;
+	return git_get_file_or_project_config($path, 'category');
+}
+
+
+# supported formats:
+# * $GIT_DIR/ctags/<tagname> file (in 'ctags' subdirectory)
+#   - if its contents is a number, use it as tag weight,
+#   - otherwise add a tag with weight 1
+# * $GIT_DIR/ctags file, each line is a tag (with weight 1)
+#   the same value multiple times increases tag weight
+# * `gitweb.ctag' multi-valued repo config variable
+sub git_get_project_ctags {
+	my $project = shift;
 	my $ctags = {};
 
-	$git_dir = "$projectroot/$path";
-	opendir my $dh, "$git_dir/ctags"
-		or return $ctags;
-	foreach (grep { -f $_ } map { "$git_dir/ctags/$_" } readdir($dh)) {
-		open my $ct, '<', $_ or next;
-		my $val = <$ct>;
-		chomp $val;
-		close $ct;
-		my $ctag = $_; $ctag =~ s#.*/##;
-		$ctags->{$ctag} = $val;
+	$git_dir = "$projectroot/$project";
+	if (opendir my $dh, "$git_dir/ctags") {
+		my @files = grep { -f $_ } map { "$git_dir/ctags/$_" } readdir($dh);
+		foreach my $tagfile (@files) {
+			open my $ct, '<', $tagfile
+				or next;
+			my $val = <$ct>;
+			chomp $val if $val;
+			close $ct;
+
+			(my $ctag = $tagfile) =~ s#.*/##;
+			if ($val =~ /\d+/) {
+				$ctags->{$ctag} = $val;
+			} else {
+				$ctags->{$ctag} = 1;
+			}
+		}
+		closedir $dh;
+
+	} elsif (open my $fh, '<', "$git_dir/ctags") {
+		while (my $line = <$fh>) {
+			chomp $line;
+			$ctags->{$line}++ if $line;
+		}
+		close $fh;
+
+	} else {
+		my $taglist = config_to_multi(git_get_project_config('ctag'));
+		foreach my $tag (@$taglist) {
+			$ctags->{$tag}++;
+		}
 	}
-	closedir $dh;
-	$ctags;
+
+	return $ctags;
+}
+
+# return hash, where keys are content tags ('ctags'),
+# and values are sum of weights of given tag in every project
+sub git_gather_all_ctags {
+	my $projects = shift;
+	my $ctags = {};
+
+	foreach my $p (@$projects) {
+		foreach my $ct (keys %{$p->{'ctags'}}) {
+			$ctags->{$ct} += $p->{'ctags'}->{$ct};
+		}
+	}
+
+	return $ctags;
 }
 
 sub git_populate_project_tagcloud {
@@ -2606,33 +2699,49 @@
 	}
 
 	my $cloud;
+	my $matched = $cgi->param('by_tag');
 	if (eval { require HTML::TagCloud; 1; }) {
 		$cloud = HTML::TagCloud->new;
-		foreach (sort keys %ctags_lc) {
+		foreach my $ctag (sort keys %ctags_lc) {
 			# Pad the title with spaces so that the cloud looks
 			# less crammed.
-			my $title = $ctags_lc{$_}->{topname};
+			my $title = esc_html($ctags_lc{$ctag}->{topname});
 			$title =~ s/ /&nbsp;/g;
 			$title =~ s/^/&nbsp;/g;
 			$title =~ s/$/&nbsp;/g;
-			$cloud->add($title, $home_link."?by_tag=".$_, $ctags_lc{$_}->{count});
+			if (defined $matched && $matched eq $ctag) {
+				$title = qq(<span class="match">$title</span>);
+			}
+			$cloud->add($title, href(project=>undef, ctag=>$ctag),
+			            $ctags_lc{$ctag}->{count});
 		}
 	} else {
-		$cloud = \%ctags_lc;
+		$cloud = {};
+		foreach my $ctag (keys %ctags_lc) {
+			my $title = esc_html($ctags_lc{$ctag}->{topname}, -nbsp=>1);
+			if (defined $matched && $matched eq $ctag) {
+				$title = qq(<span class="match">$title</span>);
+			}
+			$cloud->{$ctag}{count} = $ctags_lc{$ctag}->{count};
+			$cloud->{$ctag}{ctag} =
+				$cgi->a({-href=>href(project=>undef, ctag=>$ctag)}, $title);
+		}
 	}
-	$cloud;
+	return $cloud;
 }
 
 sub git_show_project_tagcloud {
 	my ($cloud, $count) = @_;
-	print STDERR ref($cloud)."..\n";
 	if (ref $cloud eq 'HTML::TagCloud') {
 		return $cloud->html_and_css($count);
 	} else {
-		my @tags = sort { $cloud->{$a}->{count} <=> $cloud->{$b}->{count} } keys %$cloud;
-		return '<p align="center">' . join (', ', map {
-			$cgi->a({-href=>"$home_link?by_tag=$_"}, $cloud->{$_}->{topname})
-		} splice(@tags, 0, $count)) . '</p>';
+		my @tags = sort { $cloud->{$a}->{'count'} <=> $cloud->{$b}->{'count'} } keys %$cloud;
+		return
+			'<div id="htmltagcloud"'.($project ? '' : ' align="center"').'>' .
+			join (', ', map {
+				$cloud->{$_}->{'ctag'}
+			} splice(@tags, 0, $count)) .
+			'</div>';
 	}
 }
 
@@ -2651,21 +2760,23 @@
 }
 
 sub git_get_projects_list {
-	my ($filter) = @_;
+	my $filter = shift || '';
 	my @list;
 
-	$filter ||= '';
 	$filter =~ s/\.git$//;
 
-	my $check_forks = gitweb_check_feature('forks');
-
 	if (-d $projects_list) {
 		# search in directory
-		my $dir = $projects_list . ($filter ? "/$filter" : '');
+		my $dir = $projects_list;
 		# remove the trailing "/"
 		$dir =~ s!/+$!!;
-		my $pfxlen = length("$dir");
-		my $pfxdepth = ($dir =~ tr!/!!);
+		my $pfxlen = length("$projects_list");
+		my $pfxdepth = ($projects_list =~ tr!/!!);
+		# when filtering, search only given subdirectory
+		if ($filter) {
+			$dir .= "/$filter";
+			$dir =~ s!/+$!!;
+		}
 
 		File::Find::find({
 			follow_fast => 1, # follow symbolic links
@@ -2680,14 +2791,14 @@
 				# only directories can be git repositories
 				return unless (-d $_);
 				# don't traverse too deep (Find is super slow on os x)
+				# $project_maxdepth excludes depth of $projectroot
 				if (($File::Find::name =~ tr!/!!) - $pfxdepth > $project_maxdepth) {
 					$File::Find::prune = 1;
 					return;
 				}
 
-				my $subdir = substr($File::Find::name, $pfxlen + 1);
+				my $path = substr($File::Find::name, $pfxlen + 1);
 				# we check related file in $projectroot
-				my $path = ($filter ? "$filter/" : '') . $subdir;
 				if (check_export_ok("$projectroot/$path")) {
 					push @list, { path => $path };
 					$File::Find::prune = 1;
@@ -2700,7 +2811,6 @@
 		# 'git%2Fgit.git Linus+Torvalds'
 		# 'libs%2Fklibc%2Fklibc.git H.+Peter+Anvin'
 		# 'linux%2Fhotplug%2Fudev.git Greg+Kroah-Hartman'
-		my %paths;
 		open my $fd, '<', $projects_list or return;
 	PROJECT:
 		while (my $line = <$fd>) {
@@ -2711,32 +2821,9 @@
 			if (!defined $path) {
 				next;
 			}
-			if ($filter ne '') {
-				# looking for forks;
-				my $pfx = substr($path, 0, length($filter));
-				if ($pfx ne $filter) {
-					next PROJECT;
-				}
-				my $sfx = substr($path, length($filter));
-				if ($sfx !~ /^\/.*\.git$/) {
-					next PROJECT;
-				}
-			} elsif ($check_forks) {
-			PATH:
-				foreach my $filter (keys %paths) {
-					# looking for forks;
-					my $pfx = substr($path, 0, length($filter));
-					if ($pfx ne $filter) {
-						next PATH;
-					}
-					my $sfx = substr($path, length($filter));
-					if ($sfx !~ /^\/.*\.git$/) {
-						next PATH;
-					}
-					# is a fork, don't include it in
-					# the list
-					next PROJECT;
-				}
+			# if $filter is rpovided, check if $path begins with $filter
+			if ($filter && $path !~ m!^\Q$filter\E/!) {
+				next;
 			}
 			if (check_export_ok("$projectroot/$path")) {
 				my $pr = {
@@ -2744,8 +2831,6 @@
 					owner => to_utf8($owner),
 				};
 				push @list, $pr;
-				(my $forks_path = $path) =~ s/\.git$//;
-				$paths{$forks_path}++;
 			}
 		}
 		close $fd;
@@ -2753,6 +2838,98 @@
 	return @list;
 }
 
+# written with help of Tree::Trie module (Perl Artistic License, GPL compatibile)
+# as side effects it sets 'forks' field to list of forks for forked projects
+sub filter_forks_from_projects_list {
+	my $projects = shift;
+
+	my %trie; # prefix tree of directories (path components)
+	# generate trie out of those directories that might contain forks
+	foreach my $pr (@$projects) {
+		my $path = $pr->{'path'};
+		$path =~ s/\.git$//;      # forks of 'repo.git' are in 'repo/' directory
+		next if ($path =~ m!/$!); # skip non-bare repositories, e.g. 'repo/.git'
+		next unless ($path);      # skip '.git' repository: tests, git-instaweb
+		next unless (-d $path);   # containing directory exists
+		$pr->{'forks'} = [];      # there can be 0 or more forks of project
+
+		# add to trie
+		my @dirs = split('/', $path);
+		# walk the trie, until either runs out of components or out of trie
+		my $ref = \%trie;
+		while (scalar @dirs &&
+		       exists($ref->{$dirs[0]})) {
+			$ref = $ref->{shift @dirs};
+		}
+		# create rest of trie structure from rest of components
+		foreach my $dir (@dirs) {
+			$ref = $ref->{$dir} = {};
+		}
+		# create end marker, store $pr as a data
+		$ref->{''} = $pr if (!exists $ref->{''});
+	}
+
+	# filter out forks, by finding shortest prefix match for paths
+	my @filtered;
+ PROJECT:
+	foreach my $pr (@$projects) {
+		# trie lookup
+		my $ref = \%trie;
+	DIR:
+		foreach my $dir (split('/', $pr->{'path'})) {
+			if (exists $ref->{''}) {
+				# found [shortest] prefix, is a fork - skip it
+				push @{$ref->{''}{'forks'}}, $pr;
+				next PROJECT;
+			}
+			if (!exists $ref->{$dir}) {
+				# not in trie, cannot have prefix, not a fork
+				push @filtered, $pr;
+				next PROJECT;
+			}
+			# If the dir is there, we just walk one step down the trie.
+			$ref = $ref->{$dir};
+		}
+		# we ran out of trie
+		# (shouldn't happen: it's either no match, or end marker)
+		push @filtered, $pr;
+	}
+
+	return @filtered;
+}
+
+# note: fill_project_list_info must be run first,
+# for 'descr_long' and 'ctags' to be filled
+sub search_projects_list {
+	my ($projlist, %opts) = @_;
+	my $tagfilter  = $opts{'tagfilter'};
+	my $searchtext = $opts{'searchtext'};
+
+	return @$projlist
+		unless ($tagfilter || $searchtext);
+
+	my @projects;
+ PROJECT:
+	foreach my $pr (@$projlist) {
+
+		if ($tagfilter) {
+			next unless ref($pr->{'ctags'}) eq 'HASH';
+			next unless
+				grep { lc($_) eq lc($tagfilter) } keys %{$pr->{'ctags'}};
+		}
+
+		if ($searchtext) {
+			next unless
+				$pr->{'path'} =~ /$searchtext/ ||
+				$pr->{'descr_long'} =~ /$searchtext/;
+		}
+
+		push @projects, $pr;
+	}
+
+	return @projects;
+}
+
 our $gitweb_project_owner = undef;
 sub git_get_project_list_from_file {
 
@@ -3732,9 +3909,20 @@
 		      qq!startBlame("!. href(action=>"blame_data", -replay=>1) .qq!",\n!.
 		      qq!           "!. href() .qq!");\n!.
 		      qq!</script>\n!;
-	} elsif (gitweb_check_feature('javascript-actions')) {
+	} else {
+		my ($jstimezone, $tz_cookie, $datetime_class) =
+			gitweb_get_feature('javascript-timezone');
+
 		print qq!<script type="text/javascript">\n!.
-		      qq!window.onload = fixLinks;\n!.
+		      qq!window.onload = function () {\n!;
+		if (gitweb_check_feature('javascript-actions')) {
+			print qq!	fixLinks();\n!;
+		}
+		if ($jstimezone && $tz_cookie && $datetime_class) {
+			print qq!	var tz_cookie = { name: '$tz_cookie', expires: 14, path: '/' };\n!. # in days
+			      qq!	onloadTZSetup('$jstimezone', tz_cookie, '$datetime_class');\n!;
+		}
+		print qq!};\n!.
 		      qq!</script>\n!;
 	}
 
@@ -3938,22 +4126,25 @@
 	print $cgi->end_div;
 }
 
-sub print_local_time {
-	print format_local_time(@_);
-}
+sub format_timestamp_html {
+	my $date = shift;
+	my $strtime = $date->{'rfc2822'};
 
-sub format_local_time {
-	my $localtime = '';
-	my %date = @_;
-	if ($date{'hour_local'} < 6) {
-		$localtime .= sprintf(" (<span class=\"atnight\">%02d:%02d</span> %s)",
-			$date{'hour_local'}, $date{'minute_local'}, $date{'tz_local'});
-	} else {
-		$localtime .= sprintf(" (%02d:%02d %s)",
-			$date{'hour_local'}, $date{'minute_local'}, $date{'tz_local'});
+	my (undef, undef, $datetime_class) =
+		gitweb_get_feature('javascript-timezone');
+	if ($datetime_class) {
+		$strtime = qq!<span class="$datetime_class">$strtime</span>!;
 	}
 
-	return $localtime;
+	my $localtime_format = '(%02d:%02d %s)';
+	if ($date->{'hour_local'} < 6) {
+		$localtime_format = '(<span class="atnight">%02d:%02d</span> %s)';
+	}
+	$strtime .= ' ' .
+	            sprintf($localtime_format,
+	                    $date->{'hour_local'}, $date->{'minute_local'}, $date->{'tz_local'});
+
+	return $strtime;
 }
 
 # Outputs the author name and date in long form
@@ -3966,10 +4157,9 @@
 	my %ad = parse_date($co->{'author_epoch'}, $co->{'author_tz'});
 	print "<$tag class=\"author_date\">" .
 	      format_search_author($author, "author", esc_html($author)) .
-	      " [$ad{'rfc2822'}";
-	print_local_time(%ad) if ($opts{-localtime});
-	print "]" . git_get_avatar($co->{'author_email'}, -pad_before => 1)
-		  . "</$tag>\n";
+	      " [".format_timestamp_html(\%ad)."]".
+	      git_get_avatar($co->{'author_email'}, -pad_before => 1) .
+	      "</$tag>\n";
 }
 
 # Outputs table rows containing the full author or committer information,
@@ -3986,16 +4176,16 @@
 		my %wd = parse_date($co->{"${who}_epoch"}, $co->{"${who}_tz"});
 		print "<tr><td>$who</td><td>" .
 		      format_search_author($co->{"${who}_name"}, $who,
-			       esc_html($co->{"${who}_name"})) . " " .
+		                           esc_html($co->{"${who}_name"})) . " " .
 		      format_search_author($co->{"${who}_email"}, $who,
-			       esc_html("<" . $co->{"${who}_email"} . ">")) .
+		                           esc_html("<" . $co->{"${who}_email"} . ">")) .
 		      "</td><td rowspan=\"2\">" .
 		      git_get_avatar($co->{"${who}_email"}, -size => 'double') .
 		      "</td></tr>\n" .
 		      "<tr>" .
-		      "<td></td><td> $wd{'rfc2822'}";
-		print_local_time(%wd);
-		print "</td>" .
+		      "<td></td><td>" .
+		      format_timestamp_html(\%wd) .
+		      "</td>" .
 		      "</tr>\n";
 	}
 }
@@ -4738,11 +4928,12 @@
 
 # . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 
-# fills project list info (age, description, owner, forks) for each
-# project in the list, removing invalid projects from returned list
+# fills project list info (age, description, owner, category, forks)
+# for each project in the list, removing invalid projects from
+# returned list
 # NOTE: modifies $projlist, but does not remove entries from it
 sub fill_project_list_info {
-	my ($projlist, $check_forks) = @_;
+	my $projlist = shift;
 	my @projects;
 
 	my $show_ctags = gitweb_check_feature('ctags');
@@ -4762,23 +4953,59 @@
 		if (!defined $pr->{'owner'}) {
 			$pr->{'owner'} = git_get_project_owner("$pr->{'path'}") || "";
 		}
-		if ($check_forks) {
-			my $pname = $pr->{'path'};
-			if (($pname =~ s/\.git$//) &&
-			    ($pname !~ /\/$/) &&
-			    (-d "$projectroot/$pname")) {
-				$pr->{'forks'} = "-d $projectroot/$pname";
-			} else {
-				$pr->{'forks'} = 0;
-			}
+		if ($show_ctags) {
+			$pr->{'ctags'} = git_get_project_ctags($pr->{'path'});
 		}
-		$show_ctags and $pr->{'ctags'} = git_get_project_ctags($pr->{'path'});
+		if ($projects_list_group_categories && !defined $pr->{'category'}) {
+			my $cat = git_get_project_category($pr->{'path'}) ||
+			                                   $project_list_default_category;
+			$pr->{'category'} = to_utf8($cat);
+		}
+
 		push @projects, $pr;
 	}
 
 	return @projects;
 }
 
+sub sort_projects_list {
+	my ($projlist, $order) = @_;
+	my @projects;
+
+	my %order_info = (
+		project => { key => 'path', type => 'str' },
+		descr => { key => 'descr_long', type => 'str' },
+		owner => { key => 'owner', type => 'str' },
+		age => { key => 'age', type => 'num' }
+	);
+	my $oi = $order_info{$order};
+	return @$projlist unless defined $oi;
+	if ($oi->{'type'} eq 'str') {
+		@projects = sort {$a->{$oi->{'key'}} cmp $b->{$oi->{'key'}}} @$projlist;
+	} else {
+		@projects = sort {$a->{$oi->{'key'}} <=> $b->{$oi->{'key'}}} @$projlist;
+	}
+
+	return @projects;
+}
+
+# returns a hash of categories, containing the list of project
+# belonging to each category
+sub build_projlist_by_category {
+	my ($projlist, $from, $to) = @_;
+	my %categories;
+
+	$from = 0 unless defined $from;
+	$to = $#$projlist if (!defined $to || $#$projlist < $to);
+
+	for (my $i = $from; $i <= $to; $i++) {
+		my $pr = $projlist->[$i];
+		push @{$categories{ $pr->{'category'} }}, $pr;
+	}
+
+	return wantarray ? %categories : \%categories;
+}
+
 # print 'sort by' <th> element, generating 'sort by $name' replay link
 # if that order is not selected
 sub print_sort_th {
@@ -4802,70 +5029,15 @@
 	return $sort_th;
 }
 
-sub git_project_list_body {
-	# actually uses global variable $project
-	my ($projlist, $order, $from, $to, $extra, $no_header) = @_;
+sub git_project_list_rows {
+	my ($projlist, $from, $to, $check_forks) = @_;
 
-	my $check_forks = gitweb_check_feature('forks');
-	my @projects = fill_project_list_info($projlist, $check_forks);
-
-	$order ||= $default_projects_order;
 	$from = 0 unless defined $from;
-	$to = $#projects if (!defined $to || $#projects < $to);
+	$to = $#$projlist if (!defined $to || $#$projlist < $to);
 
-	my %order_info = (
-		project => { key => 'path', type => 'str' },
-		descr => { key => 'descr_long', type => 'str' },
-		owner => { key => 'owner', type => 'str' },
-		age => { key => 'age', type => 'num' }
-	);
-	my $oi = $order_info{$order};
-	if ($oi->{'type'} eq 'str') {
-		@projects = sort {$a->{$oi->{'key'}} cmp $b->{$oi->{'key'}}} @projects;
-	} else {
-		@projects = sort {$a->{$oi->{'key'}} <=> $b->{$oi->{'key'}}} @projects;
-	}
-
-	my $show_ctags = gitweb_check_feature('ctags');
-	if ($show_ctags) {
-		my %ctags;
-		foreach my $p (@projects) {
-			foreach my $ct (keys %{$p->{'ctags'}}) {
-				$ctags{$ct} += $p->{'ctags'}->{$ct};
-			}
-		}
-		my $cloud = git_populate_project_tagcloud(\%ctags);
-		print git_show_project_tagcloud($cloud, 64);
-	}
-
-	print "<table class=\"project_list\">\n";
-	unless ($no_header) {
-		print "<tr>\n";
-		if ($check_forks) {
-			print "<th></th>\n";
-		}
-		print_sort_th('project', $order, 'Project');
-		print_sort_th('descr', $order, 'Description');
-		print_sort_th('owner', $order, 'Owner');
-		print_sort_th('age', $order, 'Last Change');
-		print "<th></th>\n" . # for links
-		      "</tr>\n";
-	}
 	my $alternate = 1;
-	my $tagfilter = $cgi->param('by_tag');
 	for (my $i = $from; $i <= $to; $i++) {
-		my $pr = $projects[$i];
-
-		next if $tagfilter and $show_ctags and not grep { lc $_ eq lc $tagfilter } keys %{$pr->{'ctags'}};
-		next if $searchtext and not $pr->{'path'} =~ /$searchtext/
-			and not $pr->{'descr_long'} =~ /$searchtext/;
-		# Weed out forks or non-matching entries of search
-		if ($check_forks) {
-			my $forkbase = $project; $forkbase ||= ''; $forkbase =~ s#\.git$#/#;
-			$forkbase="^$forkbase" if $forkbase;
-			next if not $searchtext and not $tagfilter and $show_ctags
-				and $pr->{'path'} =~ m#$forkbase.*/.*#; # regexp-safe
-		}
+		my $pr = $projlist->[$i];
 
 		if ($alternate) {
 			print "<tr class=\"dark\">\n";
@@ -4873,11 +5045,17 @@
 			print "<tr class=\"light\">\n";
 		}
 		$alternate ^= 1;
+
 		if ($check_forks) {
 			print "<td>";
 			if ($pr->{'forks'}) {
-				print "<!-- $pr->{'forks'} -->\n";
-				print $cgi->a({-href => href(project=>$pr->{'path'}, action=>"forks")}, "+");
+				my $nforks = scalar @{$pr->{'forks'}};
+				if ($nforks > 0) {
+					print $cgi->a({-href => href(project=>$pr->{'path'}, action=>"forks"),
+					               -title => "$nforks forks"}, "+");
+				} else {
+					print $cgi->span({-title => "$nforks forks"}, "+");
+				}
 			}
 			print "</td>\n";
 		}
@@ -4898,6 +5076,84 @@
 		      "</td>\n" .
 		      "</tr>\n";
 	}
+}
+
+sub git_project_list_body {
+	# actually uses global variable $project
+	my ($projlist, $order, $from, $to, $extra, $no_header) = @_;
+	my @projects = @$projlist;
+
+	my $check_forks = gitweb_check_feature('forks');
+	my $show_ctags  = gitweb_check_feature('ctags');
+	my $tagfilter = $show_ctags ? $cgi->param('by_tag') : undef;
+	$check_forks = undef
+		if ($tagfilter || $searchtext);
+
+	# filtering out forks before filling info allows to do less work
+	@projects = filter_forks_from_projects_list(\@projects)
+		if ($check_forks);
+	@projects = fill_project_list_info(\@projects);
+	# searching projects require filling to be run before it
+	@projects = search_projects_list(\@projects,
+	                                 'searchtext' => $searchtext,
+	                                 'tagfilter'  => $tagfilter)
+		if ($tagfilter || $searchtext);
+
+	$order ||= $default_projects_order;
+	$from = 0 unless defined $from;
+	$to = $#projects if (!defined $to || $#projects < $to);
+
+	# short circuit
+	if ($from > $to) {
+		print "<center>\n".
+		      "<b>No such projects found</b><br />\n".
+		      "Click ".$cgi->a({-href=>href(project=>undef)},"here")." to view all projects<br />\n".
+		      "</center>\n<br />\n";
+		return;
+	}
+
+	@projects = sort_projects_list(\@projects, $order);
+
+	if ($show_ctags) {
+		my $ctags = git_gather_all_ctags(\@projects);
+		my $cloud = git_populate_project_tagcloud($ctags);
+		print git_show_project_tagcloud($cloud, 64);
+	}
+
+	print "<table class=\"project_list\">\n";
+	unless ($no_header) {
+		print "<tr>\n";
+		if ($check_forks) {
+			print "<th></th>\n";
+		}
+		print_sort_th('project', $order, 'Project');
+		print_sort_th('descr', $order, 'Description');
+		print_sort_th('owner', $order, 'Owner');
+		print_sort_th('age', $order, 'Last Change');
+		print "<th></th>\n" . # for links
+		      "</tr>\n";
+	}
+
+	if ($projects_list_group_categories) {
+		# only display categories with projects in the $from-$to window
+		@projects = sort {$a->{'category'} cmp $b->{'category'}} @projects[$from..$to];
+		my %categories = build_projlist_by_category(\@projects, $from, $to);
+		foreach my $cat (sort keys %categories) {
+			unless ($cat eq "") {
+				print "<tr>\n";
+				if ($check_forks) {
+					print "<td></td>\n";
+				}
+				print "<td class=\"category\" colspan=\"5\">".esc_html($cat)."</td>\n";
+				print "</tr>\n";
+			}
+
+			git_project_list_rows($categories{$cat}, undef, undef, $check_forks);
+		}
+	} else {
+		git_project_list_rows(\@projects, $from, $to, $check_forks);
+	}
+
 	if (defined $extra) {
 		print "<tr>\n";
 		if ($check_forks) {
@@ -5357,7 +5613,10 @@
 }
 
 sub git_project_index {
-	my @projects = git_get_projects_list($project);
+	my @projects = git_get_projects_list();
+	if (!@projects) {
+		die_error(404, "No projects found");
+	}
 
 	print $cgi->header(
 		-type => 'text/plain',
@@ -5399,7 +5658,11 @@
 	my $check_forks = gitweb_check_feature('forks');
 
 	if ($check_forks) {
+		# find forks of a project
 		@forklist = git_get_projects_list($project);
+		# filter out forks of forks
+		@forklist = filter_forks_from_projects_list(\@forklist)
+			if (@forklist);
 	}
 
 	git_header_html();
@@ -5410,7 +5673,8 @@
 	      "<tr id=\"metadata_desc\"><td>description</td><td>" . esc_html($descr) . "</td></tr>\n" .
 	      "<tr id=\"metadata_owner\"><td>owner</td><td>" . esc_html($owner) . "</td></tr>\n";
 	if (defined $cd{'rfc2822'}) {
-		print "<tr id=\"metadata_lchange\"><td>last change</td><td>$cd{'rfc2822'}</td></tr>\n";
+		print "<tr id=\"metadata_lchange\"><td>last change</td>" .
+		      "<td>".format_timestamp_html(\%cd)."</td></tr>\n";
 	}
 
 	# use per project git URL list in $projectroot/$project/cloneurl
@@ -5428,13 +5692,14 @@
 	my $show_ctags = gitweb_check_feature('ctags');
 	if ($show_ctags) {
 		my $ctags = git_get_project_ctags($project);
-		my $cloud = git_populate_project_tagcloud($ctags);
-		print "<tr id=\"metadata_ctags\"><td>Content tags:<br />";
-		print "</td>\n<td>" unless %$ctags;
-		print "<form action=\"$show_ctags\" method=\"post\"><input type=\"hidden\" name=\"p\" value=\"$project\" />Add: <input type=\"text\" name=\"t\" size=\"8\" /></form>";
-		print "</td>\n<td>" if %$ctags;
-		print git_show_project_tagcloud($cloud, 48);
-		print "</td></tr>";
+		if (%$ctags) {
+			# without ability to add tags, don't show if there are none
+			my $cloud = git_populate_project_tagcloud($ctags);
+			print "<tr id=\"metadata_ctags\">" .
+			      "<td>content tags</td>" .
+			      "<td>".git_show_project_tagcloud($cloud, 48)."</td>" .
+			      "</tr>\n";
+		}
 	}
 
 	print "</table>\n";
@@ -7319,6 +7584,9 @@
 
 sub git_opml {
 	my @list = git_get_projects_list();
+	if (!@list) {
+		die_error(404, "No projects found");
+	}
 
 	print $cgi->header(
 		-type => 'text/xml',
diff --git a/gitweb/static/gitweb.css b/gitweb/static/gitweb.css
index 79d7eeb..7d88509 100644
--- a/gitweb/static/gitweb.css
+++ b/gitweb/static/gitweb.css
@@ -295,6 +295,13 @@
 	text-decoration: underline;
 }
 
+td.category {
+	background-color: #d9d8d1;
+	border-top: 1px solid #000000;
+	border-left: 1px solid #000000;
+	font-weight: bold;
+}
+
 table.diff_tree span.file_status.new {
 	color: #008000;
 }
@@ -579,6 +586,39 @@
 	display: inline-block;
 }
 
+/* JavaScript-based timezone manipulation */
+
+.popup { /* timezone selection UI */
+	position: absolute;
+	/* "top: 0; right: 0;" would be better, if not for bugs in browsers */
+	top: 0; left: 0;
+	border: 1px solid;
+	padding: 2px;
+	background-color: #f0f0f0;
+	font-style: normal;
+	color: #000000;
+	cursor: auto;
+}
+
+.close-button { /* close timezone selection UI without selecting */
+	/* float doesn't work within absolutely positioned container,
+	 * if width of container is not set explicitly */
+	/* float: right; */
+	position: absolute;
+	top: 0px; right: 0px;
+	border:  1px solid green;
+	margin:  1px 1px 1px 1px;
+	padding-bottom: 2px;
+	width:     12px;
+	height:    10px;
+	font-size:  9px;
+	font-weight: bold;
+	text-align: center;
+	background-color: #fff0f0;
+	cursor: pointer;
+}
+
+
 /* Style definition generated by highlight 2.4.5, http://www.andre-simon.de/ */
 
 /* Highlighting theme definition: */
diff --git a/gitweb/static/js/README b/gitweb/static/js/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f8460ed
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/README
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+GIT web interface (gitweb) - JavaScript
+=======================================
+
+This directory holds JavaScript code used by gitweb (GIT web interface).
+Scripts from there would be concatenated together in the order specified
+by gitweb/Makefile into gitweb/static/gitweb.js, during building of
+gitweb/gitweb.cgi (during gitweb building).  The resulting file (or its
+minification) would then be installed / deployed together with gitweb.
+
+Scripts in 'lib/' subdirectory compose generic JavaScript library,
+providing features required by gitweb but in no way limited to gitweb
+only.  In the future those scripts could be replaced by some JavaScript
+library / framework, like e.g. jQuery, YUI, Prototype, MooTools, Dojo,
+ExtJS, Script.aculo.us or SproutCore.
+
+All scripts that manipulate gitweb output should be put outside 'lib/',
+directly in this directory ('gitweb/static/js/').  Those scripts would
+have to be rewritten if gitweb moves to using some JavaScript library.
+
+See also comments in gitweb/Makefile.
diff --git a/gitweb/static/js/adjust-timezone.js b/gitweb/static/js/adjust-timezone.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0c67779
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/adjust-timezone.js
@@ -0,0 +1,330 @@
+// Copyright (C) 2011, John 'Warthog9' Hawley <warthog9@eaglescrag.net>
+//               2011, Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+
+/**
+ * @fileOverview Manipulate dates in gitweb output, adjusting timezone
+ * @license GPLv2 or later
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Get common timezone, add UI for changing timezones, and adjust
+ * dates to use requested common timezone.
+ *
+ * This function is called during onload event (added to window.onload).
+ *
+ * @param {String} tzDefault: default timezone, if there is no cookie
+ * @param {Object} tzCookieInfo: object literal with info about cookie to store timezone
+ * @param {String} tzCookieInfo.name: name of cookie to store timezone
+ * @param {String} tzClassName: denotes elements with date to be adjusted
+ */
+function onloadTZSetup(tzDefault, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName) {
+	var tzCookieTZ = getCookie(tzCookieInfo.name, tzCookieInfo);
+	var tz = tzDefault;
+
+	if (tzCookieTZ) {
+		// set timezone to value saved in a cookie
+		tz = tzCookieTZ;
+		// refresh cookie, so its expiration counts from last use of gitweb
+		setCookie(tzCookieInfo.name, tzCookieTZ, tzCookieInfo);
+	}
+
+	// add UI for changing timezone
+	addChangeTZ(tz, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName);
+
+	// server-side of gitweb produces datetime in UTC,
+	// so if tz is 'utc' there is no need for changes
+	var nochange = tz === 'utc';
+
+	// adjust dates to use specified common timezone
+	fixDatetimeTZ(tz, tzClassName, nochange);
+}
+
+
+/* ...................................................................... */
+/* Changing dates to use requested timezone */
+
+/**
+ * Replace RFC-2822 dates contained in SPAN elements with tzClassName
+ * CSS class with equivalent dates in given timezone.
+ *
+ * @param {String} tz: numeric timezone in '(-|+)HHMM' format, or 'utc', or 'local'
+ * @param {String} tzClassName: specifies elements to be changed
+ * @param {Boolean} nochange: markup for timezone change, but don't change it
+ */
+function fixDatetimeTZ(tz, tzClassName, nochange) {
+	// sanity check, method should be ensured by common-lib.js
+	if (!document.getElementsByClassName) {
+		return;
+	}
+
+	// translate to timezone in '(-|+)HHMM' format
+	tz = normalizeTimezoneInfo(tz);
+
+	// NOTE: result of getElementsByClassName should probably be cached
+	var classesFound = document.getElementsByClassName(tzClassName, "span");
+	for (var i = 0, len = classesFound.length; i < len; i++) {
+		var curElement = classesFound[i];
+
+		curElement.title = 'Click to change timezone';
+		if (!nochange) {
+			// we use *.firstChild.data (W3C DOM) instead of *.innerHTML
+			// as the latter doesn't always work everywhere in every browser
+			var epoch = parseRFC2822Date(curElement.firstChild.data);
+			var adjusted = formatDateRFC2882(epoch, tz);
+
+			curElement.firstChild.data = adjusted;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+
+/* ...................................................................... */
+/* Adding triggers, generating timezone menu, displaying and hiding */
+
+/**
+ * Adds triggers for UI to change common timezone used for dates in
+ * gitweb output: it marks up and/or creates item to click to invoke
+ * timezone change UI, creates timezone UI fragment to be attached,
+ * and installs appropriate onclick trigger (via event delegation).
+ *
+ * @param {String} tzSelected: pre-selected timezone,
+ *                             'utc' or 'local' or '(-|+)HHMM'
+ * @param {Object} tzCookieInfo: object literal with info about cookie to store timezone
+ * @param {String} tzClassName: specifies elements to install trigger
+ */
+function addChangeTZ(tzSelected, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName) {
+	// make link to timezone UI discoverable
+	addCssRule('.'+tzClassName + ':hover',
+	           'text-decoration: underline; cursor: help;');
+
+	// create form for selecting timezone (to be saved in a cookie)
+	var tzSelectFragment = document.createDocumentFragment();
+	tzSelectFragment = createChangeTZForm(tzSelectFragment,
+	                                      tzSelected, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName);
+
+	// event delegation handler for timezone selection UI (clicking on entry)
+	// see http://www.nczonline.net/blog/2009/06/30/event-delegation-in-javascript/
+	// assumes that there is no existing document.onclick handler
+	document.onclick = function onclickHandler(event) {
+		//IE doesn't pass in the event object
+		event = event || window.event;
+
+		//IE uses srcElement as the target
+		var target = event.target || event.srcElement;
+
+		switch (target.className) {
+		case tzClassName:
+			// don't display timezone menu if it is already displayed
+			if (tzSelectFragment.childNodes.length > 0) {
+				displayChangeTZForm(target, tzSelectFragment);
+			}
+			break;
+		} // end switch
+	};
+}
+
+/**
+ * Create DocumentFragment with UI for changing common timezone in
+ * which dates are shown in.
+ *
+ * @param {DocumentFragment} documentFragment: where attach UI
+ * @param {String} tzSelected: default (pre-selected) timezone
+ * @param {Object} tzCookieInfo: object literal with info about cookie to store timezone
+ * @returns {DocumentFragment}
+ */
+function createChangeTZForm(documentFragment, tzSelected, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName) {
+	var div = document.createElement("div");
+	div.className = 'popup';
+
+	/* '<div class="close-button" title="(click on this box to close)">X</div>' */
+	var closeButton = document.createElement('div');
+	closeButton.className = 'close-button';
+	closeButton.title = '(click on this box to close)';
+	closeButton.appendChild(document.createTextNode('X'));
+	closeButton.onclick = closeTZFormHandler(documentFragment, tzClassName);
+	div.appendChild(closeButton);
+
+	/* 'Select timezone: <br clear="all">' */
+	div.appendChild(document.createTextNode('Select timezone: '));
+	var br = document.createElement('br');
+	br.clear = 'all';
+	div.appendChild(br);
+
+	/* '<select name="tzoffset">
+	 *    ...
+	 *    <option value="-0700">UTC-07:00</option>
+	 *    <option value="-0600">UTC-06:00</option>
+	 *    ...
+	 *  </select>' */
+	var select = document.createElement("select");
+	select.name = "tzoffset";
+	//select.style.clear = 'all';
+	select.appendChild(generateTZOptions(tzSelected));
+	select.onchange = selectTZHandler(documentFragment, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName);
+	div.appendChild(select);
+
+	documentFragment.appendChild(div);
+
+	return documentFragment;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Hide (remove from DOM) timezone change UI, ensuring that it is not
+ * garbage collected and that it can be re-enabled later.
+ *
+ * @param {DocumentFragment} documentFragment: contains detached UI
+ * @param {HTMLSelectElement} target: select element inside of UI
+ * @param {String} tzClassName: specifies element where UI was installed
+ * @returns {DocumentFragment} documentFragment
+ */
+function removeChangeTZForm(documentFragment, target, tzClassName) {
+	// find containing element, where we appended timezone selection UI
+	// `target' is somewhere inside timezone menu
+	var container = target.parentNode, popup = target;
+	while (container &&
+	       container.className !== tzClassName) {
+		popup = container;
+		container = container.parentNode;
+	}
+	// safety check if we found correct container,
+	// and if it isn't deleted already
+	if (!container || !popup ||
+	    container.className !== tzClassName ||
+	    popup.className     !== 'popup') {
+		return documentFragment;
+	}
+
+	// timezone selection UI was appended as last child
+	// see also displayChangeTZForm function
+	var removed = popup.parentNode.removeChild(popup);
+	if (documentFragment.firstChild !== removed) { // the only child
+		// re-append it so it would be available for next time
+		documentFragment.appendChild(removed);
+	}
+	// all of inline style was added by this script
+	// it is not really needed to remove it, but it is a good practice
+	container.removeAttribute('style');
+
+	return documentFragment;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Display UI for changing common timezone for dates in gitweb output.
+ * To be used from 'onclick' event handler.
+ *
+ * @param {HTMLElement} target: where to install/display UI
+ * @param {DocumentFragment} tzSelectFragment: timezone selection UI
+ */
+function displayChangeTZForm(target, tzSelectFragment) {
+	// for absolute positioning to be related to target element
+	target.style.position = 'relative';
+	target.style.display = 'inline-block';
+
+	// show/display UI for changing timezone
+	target.appendChild(tzSelectFragment);
+}
+
+
+/* ...................................................................... */
+/* List of timezones for timezone selection menu */
+
+/**
+ * Generate list of timezones for creating timezone select UI
+ *
+ * @returns {Object[]} list of e.g. { value: '+0100', descr: 'GMT+01:00' }
+ */
+function generateTZList() {
+	var timezones = [
+		{ value: "utc",   descr: "UTC/GMT"},
+		{ value: "local", descr: "Local (per browser)"}
+	];
+
+	// generate all full hour timezones (no fractional timezones)
+	for (var x = -12, idx = timezones.length; x <= +14; x++, idx++) {
+		var hours = (x >= 0 ? '+' : '-') + padLeft(x >=0 ? x : -x, 2);
+		timezones[idx] = { value: hours + '00', descr: 'UTC' + hours + ':00'};
+		if (x === 0) {
+			timezones[idx].descr = 'UTC\u00B100:00'; // 'UTC&plusmn;00:00'
+		}
+	}
+
+	return timezones;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Generate <options> elements for timezone select UI
+ *
+ * @param {String} tzSelected: default timezone
+ * @returns {DocumentFragment} list of options elements to appendChild
+ */
+function generateTZOptions(tzSelected) {
+	var elems = document.createDocumentFragment();
+	var timezones = generateTZList();
+
+	for (var i = 0, len = timezones.length; i < len; i++) {
+		var tzone = timezones[i];
+		var option = document.createElement("option");
+		if (tzone.value === tzSelected) {
+			option.defaultSelected = true;
+		}
+		option.value = tzone.value;
+		option.appendChild(document.createTextNode(tzone.descr));
+
+		elems.appendChild(option);
+	}
+
+	return elems;
+}
+
+
+/* ...................................................................... */
+/* Event handlers and/or their generators */
+
+/**
+ * Create event handler that select timezone and closes timezone select UI.
+ * To be used as $('select[name="tzselect"]').onchange handler.
+ *
+ * @param {DocumentFragment} tzSelectFragment: timezone selection UI
+ * @param {Object} tzCookieInfo: object literal with info about cookie to store timezone
+ * @param {String} tzCookieInfo.name: name of cookie to save result of selection
+ * @param {String} tzClassName: specifies element where UI was installed
+ * @returns {Function} event handler
+ */
+function selectTZHandler(tzSelectFragment, tzCookieInfo, tzClassName) {
+	//return function selectTZ(event) {
+	return function (event) {
+		event = event || window.event;
+		var target = event.target || event.srcElement;
+
+		var selected = target.options.item(target.selectedIndex);
+		removeChangeTZForm(tzSelectFragment, target, tzClassName);
+
+		if (selected) {
+			selected.defaultSelected = true;
+			setCookie(tzCookieInfo.name, selected.value, tzCookieInfo);
+			fixDatetimeTZ(selected.value, tzClassName);
+		}
+	};
+}
+
+/**
+ * Create event handler that closes timezone select UI.
+ * To be used e.g. as $('.closebutton').onclick handler.
+ *
+ * @param {DocumentFragment} tzSelectFragment: timezone selection UI
+ * @param {String} tzClassName: specifies element where UI was installed
+ * @returns {Function} event handler
+ */
+function closeTZFormHandler(tzSelectFragment, tzClassName) {
+	//return function closeTZForm(event) {
+	return function (event) {
+		event = event || window.event;
+		var target = event.target || event.srcElement;
+
+		removeChangeTZForm(tzSelectFragment, target, tzClassName);
+	};
+}
+
+/* end of adjust-timezone.js */
diff --git a/gitweb/static/gitweb.js b/gitweb/static/js/blame_incremental.js
similarity index 74%
rename from gitweb/static/gitweb.js
rename to gitweb/static/js/blame_incremental.js
index 40ec084..676da6b 100644
--- a/gitweb/static/gitweb.js
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/blame_incremental.js
@@ -1,45 +1,13 @@
 // Copyright (C) 2007, Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
 //               2007, Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz>
-//          2008-2009, Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+//          2008-2011, Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
 
 /**
- * @fileOverview JavaScript code for gitweb (git web interface).
+ * @fileOverview JavaScript side of Ajax-y 'blame_incremental' view in gitweb
  * @license GPLv2 or later
  */
 
 /* ============================================================ */
-/* functions for generic gitweb actions and views */
-
-/**
- * used to check if link has 'js' query parameter already (at end),
- * and other reasons to not add 'js=1' param at the end of link
- * @constant
- */
-var jsExceptionsRe = /[;?]js=[01]$/;
-
-/**
- * Add '?js=1' or ';js=1' to the end of every link in the document
- * that doesn't have 'js' query parameter set already.
- *
- * Links with 'js=1' lead to JavaScript version of given action, if it
- * exists (currently there is only 'blame_incremental' for 'blame')
- *
- * @globals jsExceptionsRe
- */
-function fixLinks() {
-	var allLinks = document.getElementsByTagName("a") || document.links;
-	for (var i = 0, len = allLinks.length; i < len; i++) {
-		var link = allLinks[i];
-		if (!jsExceptionsRe.test(link)) { // =~ /[;?]js=[01]$/;
-			link.href +=
-				(link.href.indexOf('?') === -1 ? '?' : ';') + 'js=1';
-		}
-	}
-}
-
-
-/* ============================================================ */
-
 /*
  * This code uses DOM methods instead of (nonstandard) innerHTML
  * to modify page.
@@ -58,72 +26,7 @@
  */
 
 
-/* ============================================================ */
-/* generic utility functions */
-
-
-/**
- * pad number N with nonbreakable spaces on the left, to WIDTH characters
- * example: padLeftStr(12, 3, '\u00A0') == '\u00A012'
- *          ('\u00A0' is nonbreakable space)
- *
- * @param {Number|String} input: number to pad
- * @param {Number} width: visible width of output
- * @param {String} str: string to prefix to string, e.g. '\u00A0'
- * @returns {String} INPUT prefixed with (WIDTH - INPUT.length) x STR
- */
-function padLeftStr(input, width, str) {
-	var prefix = '';
-
-	width -= input.toString().length;
-	while (width > 0) {
-		prefix += str;
-		width--;
-	}
-	return prefix + input;
-}
-
-/**
- * Pad INPUT on the left to SIZE width, using given padding character CH,
- * for example padLeft('a', 3, '_') is '__a'.
- *
- * @param {String} input: input value converted to string.
- * @param {Number} width: desired length of output.
- * @param {String} ch: single character to prefix to string.
- *
- * @returns {String} Modified string, at least SIZE length.
- */
-function padLeft(input, width, ch) {
-	var s = input + "";
-	while (s.length < width) {
-		s = ch + s;
-	}
-	return s;
-}
-
-/**
- * Create XMLHttpRequest object in cross-browser way
- * @returns XMLHttpRequest object, or null
- */
-function createRequestObject() {
-	try {
-		return new XMLHttpRequest();
-	} catch (e) {}
-	try {
-		return window.createRequest();
-	} catch (e) {}
-	try {
-		return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP");
-	} catch (e) {}
-	try {
-		return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
-	} catch (e) {}
-
-	return null;
-}
-
-
-/* ============================================================ */
+/* ............................................................ */
 /* utility/helper functions (and variables) */
 
 var xhr;        // XMLHttpRequest object
@@ -229,7 +132,7 @@
 }
 
 /**
- * show an error message alert to user within page (in prohress info area)
+ * show an error message alert to user within page (in progress info area)
  * @param {String} str: plain text error message (no HTML)
  *
  * @globals div_progress_info
@@ -279,7 +182,7 @@
 
 var colorsFreq = [0, 0, 0];
 /**
- * return one of given possible colors (curently least used one)
+ * return one of given possible colors (currently least used one)
  * example: chooseColorNoFrom(2, 3) returns 2 or 3
  *
  * @param {Number[]} arguments: one or more numbers
@@ -300,8 +203,8 @@
 }
 
 /**
- * given two neigbour <tr> elements, find color which would be different
- * from color of both of neighbours; used to 3-color blame table
+ * given two neighbor <tr> elements, find color which would be different
+ * from color of both of neighbors; used to 3-color blame table
  *
  * @param {HTMLElement} tr_prev
  * @param {HTMLElement} tr_next
@@ -313,14 +216,14 @@
 	var color_next = getColorNo(tr_next);
 
 
-	// neither of neighbours has color set
+	// neither of neighbors has color set
 	// THEN we can use any of 3 possible colors
 	if (!color_prev && !color_next) {
 		return chooseColorNoFrom(1,2,3);
 	}
 
-	// either both neighbours have the same color,
-	// or only one of neighbours have color set
+	// either both neighbors have the same color,
+	// or only one of neighbors have color set
 	// THEN we can use any color except given
 	var color;
 	if (color_prev === color_next) {
@@ -334,7 +237,7 @@
 		return chooseColorNoFrom((color % 3) + 1, ((color+1) % 3) + 1);
 	}
 
-	// neighbours have different colors
+	// neighbors have different colors
 	// THEN there is only one color left
 	return (3 - ((color_prev + color_next) % 3));
 }
@@ -355,7 +258,7 @@
 
 /**
  * change colors to use zebra coloring (2 colors) instead of 3 colors
- * concatenate neighbour commit groups belonging to the same commit
+ * concatenate neighbor commit groups belonging to the same commit
  *
  * @globals colorRe
  */
@@ -392,111 +295,6 @@
 	}
 }
 
-/* ............................................................ */
-/* time and data */
-
-/**
- * used to extract hours and minutes from timezone info, e.g '-0900'
- * @constant
- */
-var tzRe = /^([+-])([0-9][0-9])([0-9][0-9])$/;
-
-/**
- * convert numeric timezone +/-ZZZZ to offset from UTC in seconds
- *
- * @param {String} timezoneInfo: numeric timezone '(+|-)HHMM'
- * @returns {Number} offset from UTC in seconds for timezone
- *
- * @globals tzRe
- */
-function timezoneOffset(timezoneInfo) {
-	var match = tzRe.exec(timezoneInfo);
-	var tz_sign = (match[1] === '-' ? -1 : +1);
-	var tz_hour = parseInt(match[2],10);
-	var tz_min  = parseInt(match[3],10);
-
-	return tz_sign*(((tz_hour*60) + tz_min)*60);
-}
-
-/**
- * return date in local time formatted in iso-8601 like format
- * 'yyyy-mm-dd HH:MM:SS +/-ZZZZ' e.g. '2005-08-07 21:49:46 +0200'
- *
- * @param {Number} epoch: seconds since '00:00:00 1970-01-01 UTC'
- * @param {String} timezoneInfo: numeric timezone '(+|-)HHMM'
- * @returns {String} date in local time in iso-8601 like format
- */
-function formatDateISOLocal(epoch, timezoneInfo) {
-	// date corrected by timezone
-	var localDate = new Date(1000 * (epoch +
-		timezoneOffset(timezoneInfo)));
-	var localDateStr = // e.g. '2005-08-07'
-		localDate.getUTCFullYear()                 + '-' +
-		padLeft(localDate.getUTCMonth()+1, 2, '0') + '-' +
-		padLeft(localDate.getUTCDate(),    2, '0');
-	var localTimeStr = // e.g. '21:49:46'
-		padLeft(localDate.getUTCHours(),   2, '0') + ':' +
-		padLeft(localDate.getUTCMinutes(), 2, '0') + ':' +
-		padLeft(localDate.getUTCSeconds(), 2, '0');
-
-	return localDateStr + ' ' + localTimeStr + ' ' + timezoneInfo;
-}
-
-/* ............................................................ */
-/* unquoting/unescaping filenames */
-
-/**#@+
- * @constant
- */
-var escCodeRe = /\\([^0-7]|[0-7]{1,3})/g;
-var octEscRe = /^[0-7]{1,3}$/;
-var maybeQuotedRe = /^\"(.*)\"$/;
-/**#@-*/
-
-/**
- * unquote maybe git-quoted filename
- * e.g. 'aa' -> 'aa', '"a\ta"' -> 'a	a'
- *
- * @param {String} str: git-quoted string
- * @returns {String} Unquoted and unescaped string
- *
- * @globals escCodeRe, octEscRe, maybeQuotedRe
- */
-function unquote(str) {
-	function unq(seq) {
-		var es = {
-			// character escape codes, aka escape sequences (from C)
-			// replacements are to some extent JavaScript specific
-			t: "\t",   // tab            (HT, TAB)
-			n: "\n",   // newline        (NL)
-			r: "\r",   // return         (CR)
-			f: "\f",   // form feed      (FF)
-			b: "\b",   // backspace      (BS)
-			a: "\x07", // alarm (bell)   (BEL)
-			e: "\x1B", // escape         (ESC)
-			v: "\v"    // vertical tab   (VT)
-		};
-
-		if (seq.search(octEscRe) !== -1) {
-			// octal char sequence
-			return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(seq, 8));
-		} else if (seq in es) {
-			// C escape sequence, aka character escape code
-			return es[seq];
-		}
-		// quoted ordinary character
-		return seq;
-	}
-
-	var match = str.match(maybeQuotedRe);
-	if (match) {
-		str = match[1];
-		// perhaps str = eval('"'+str+'"'); would be enough?
-		str = str.replace(escCodeRe,
-			function (substr, p1, offset, s) { return unq(p1); });
-	}
-	return str;
-}
 
 /* ============================================================ */
 /* main part: parsing response */
@@ -886,4 +684,4 @@
 	pollTimer = setInterval(xhr.onreadystatechange, 1000);
 }
 
-// end of gitweb.js
+/* end of blame_incremental.js */
diff --git a/gitweb/static/js/javascript-detection.js b/gitweb/static/js/javascript-detection.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..93dd2bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/javascript-detection.js
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+// Copyright (C) 2007, Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
+//               2007, Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz>
+//          2008-2011, Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+
+/**
+ * @fileOverview Detect if JavaScript is enabled, and pass it to server-side
+ * @license GPLv2 or later
+ */
+
+
+/* ============================================================ */
+/* Manipulating links */
+
+/**
+ * used to check if link has 'js' query parameter already (at end),
+ * and other reasons to not add 'js=1' param at the end of link
+ * @constant
+ */
+var jsExceptionsRe = /[;?]js=[01]$/;
+
+/**
+ * Add '?js=1' or ';js=1' to the end of every link in the document
+ * that doesn't have 'js' query parameter set already.
+ *
+ * Links with 'js=1' lead to JavaScript version of given action, if it
+ * exists (currently there is only 'blame_incremental' for 'blame')
+ *
+ * To be used as `window.onload` handler
+ *
+ * @globals jsExceptionsRe
+ */
+function fixLinks() {
+	var allLinks = document.getElementsByTagName("a") || document.links;
+	for (var i = 0, len = allLinks.length; i < len; i++) {
+		var link = allLinks[i];
+		if (!jsExceptionsRe.test(link)) { // =~ /[;?]js=[01]$/;
+			link.href +=
+				(link.href.indexOf('?') === -1 ? '?' : ';') + 'js=1';
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+/* end of javascript-detection.js */
diff --git a/gitweb/static/js/lib/common-lib.js b/gitweb/static/js/lib/common-lib.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..018bbb7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/lib/common-lib.js
@@ -0,0 +1,224 @@
+// Copyright (C) 2007, Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
+//               2007, Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz>
+//          2008-2011, Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+
+/**
+ * @fileOverview Generic JavaScript code (helper functions)
+ * @license GPLv2 or later
+ */
+
+
+/* ============================================================ */
+/* ............................................................ */
+/* Padding */
+
+/**
+ * pad INPUT on the left with STR that is assumed to have visible
+ * width of single character (for example nonbreakable spaces),
+ * to WIDTH characters
+ *
+ * example: padLeftStr(12, 3, '\u00A0') == '\u00A012'
+ *          ('\u00A0' is nonbreakable space)
+ *
+ * @param {Number|String} input: number to pad
+ * @param {Number} width: visible width of output
+ * @param {String} str: string to prefix to string, defaults to '\u00A0'
+ * @returns {String} INPUT prefixed with STR x (WIDTH - INPUT.length)
+ */
+function padLeftStr(input, width, str) {
+	var prefix = '';
+	if (typeof str === 'undefined') {
+		ch = '\u00A0'; // using '&nbsp;' doesn't work in all browsers
+	}
+
+	width -= input.toString().length;
+	while (width > 0) {
+		prefix += str;
+		width--;
+	}
+	return prefix + input;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Pad INPUT on the left to WIDTH, using given padding character CH,
+ * for example padLeft('a', 3, '_') is '__a'
+ *             padLeft(4, 2) is '04' (same as padLeft(4, 2, '0'))
+ *
+ * @param {String} input: input value converted to string.
+ * @param {Number} width: desired length of output.
+ * @param {String} ch: single character to prefix to string, defaults to '0'.
+ *
+ * @returns {String} Modified string, at least SIZE length.
+ */
+function padLeft(input, width, ch) {
+	var s = input + "";
+	if (typeof ch === 'undefined') {
+		ch = '0';
+	}
+
+	while (s.length < width) {
+		s = ch + s;
+	}
+	return s;
+}
+
+
+/* ............................................................ */
+/* Handling browser incompatibilities */
+
+/**
+ * Create XMLHttpRequest object in cross-browser way
+ * @returns XMLHttpRequest object, or null
+ */
+function createRequestObject() {
+	try {
+		return new XMLHttpRequest();
+	} catch (e) {}
+	try {
+		return window.createRequest();
+	} catch (e) {}
+	try {
+		return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP");
+	} catch (e) {}
+	try {
+		return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
+	} catch (e) {}
+
+	return null;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Insert rule giving specified STYLE to given SELECTOR at the end of
+ * first CSS stylesheet.
+ *
+ * @param {String} selector: CSS selector, e.g. '.class'
+ * @param {String} style: rule contents, e.g. 'background-color: red;'
+ */
+function addCssRule(selector, style) {
+	var stylesheet = document.styleSheets[0];
+
+	var theRules = [];
+	if (stylesheet.cssRules) {     // W3C way
+		theRules = stylesheet.cssRules;
+	} else if (stylesheet.rules) { // IE way
+		theRules = stylesheet.rules;
+	}
+
+	if (stylesheet.insertRule) {    // W3C way
+		stylesheet.insertRule(selector + ' { ' + style + ' }', theRules.length);
+	} else if (stylesheet.addRule) { // IE way
+		stylesheet.addRule(selector, style);
+	}
+}
+
+
+/* ............................................................ */
+/* Support for legacy browsers */
+
+/**
+ * Provides getElementsByClassName method, if there is no native
+ * implementation of this method.
+ *
+ * NOTE that there are limits and differences compared to native
+ * getElementsByClassName as defined by e.g.:
+ *   https://developer.mozilla.org/en/DOM/document.getElementsByClassName
+ *   http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/dom.html#dom-getelementsbyclassname
+ *   http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/dom.html#dom-document-getelementsbyclassname
+ *
+ * Namely, this implementation supports only single class name as
+ * argument and not set of space-separated tokens representing classes,
+ * it returns Array of nodes rather than live NodeList, and has
+ * additional optional argument where you can limit search to given tags
+ * (via getElementsByTagName).
+ *
+ * Based on
+ *   http://code.google.com/p/getelementsbyclassname/
+ *   http://www.dustindiaz.com/getelementsbyclass/
+ *   http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1818865/do-we-have-getelementsbyclassname-in-javascript
+ *
+ * See also http://ejohn.org/blog/getelementsbyclassname-speed-comparison/
+ *
+ * @param {String} class: name of _single_ class to find
+ * @param {String} [taghint] limit search to given tags
+ * @returns {Node[]} array of matching elements
+ */
+if (!('getElementsByClassName' in document)) {
+	document.getElementsByClassName = function (classname, taghint) {
+		taghint = taghint || "*";
+		var elements = (taghint === "*" && document.all) ?
+		               document.all :
+		               document.getElementsByTagName(taghint);
+		var pattern = new RegExp("(^|\\s)" + classname + "(\\s|$)");
+		var matches= [];
+		for (var i = 0, j = 0, n = elements.length; i < n; i++) {
+			var el= elements[i];
+			if (el.className && pattern.test(el.className)) {
+				// matches.push(el);
+				matches[j] = el;
+				j++;
+			}
+		}
+		return matches;
+	};
+} // end if
+
+
+/* ............................................................ */
+/* unquoting/unescaping filenames */
+
+/**#@+
+ * @constant
+ */
+var escCodeRe = /\\([^0-7]|[0-7]{1,3})/g;
+var octEscRe = /^[0-7]{1,3}$/;
+var maybeQuotedRe = /^\"(.*)\"$/;
+/**#@-*/
+
+/**
+ * unquote maybe C-quoted filename (as used by git, i.e. it is
+ * in double quotes '"' if there is any escape character used)
+ * e.g. 'aa' -> 'aa', '"a\ta"' -> 'a	a'
+ *
+ * @param {String} str: git-quoted string
+ * @returns {String} Unquoted and unescaped string
+ *
+ * @globals escCodeRe, octEscRe, maybeQuotedRe
+ */
+function unquote(str) {
+	function unq(seq) {
+		var es = {
+			// character escape codes, aka escape sequences (from C)
+			// replacements are to some extent JavaScript specific
+			t: "\t",   // tab            (HT, TAB)
+			n: "\n",   // newline        (NL)
+			r: "\r",   // return         (CR)
+			f: "\f",   // form feed      (FF)
+			b: "\b",   // backspace      (BS)
+			a: "\x07", // alarm (bell)   (BEL)
+			e: "\x1B", // escape         (ESC)
+			v: "\v"    // vertical tab   (VT)
+		};
+
+		if (seq.search(octEscRe) !== -1) {
+			// octal char sequence
+			return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(seq, 8));
+		} else if (seq in es) {
+			// C escape sequence, aka character escape code
+			return es[seq];
+		}
+		// quoted ordinary character
+		return seq;
+	}
+
+	var match = str.match(maybeQuotedRe);
+	if (match) {
+		str = match[1];
+		// perhaps str = eval('"'+str+'"'); would be enough?
+		str = str.replace(escCodeRe,
+			function (substr, p1, offset, s) { return unq(p1); });
+	}
+	return str;
+}
+
+/* end of common-lib.js */
diff --git a/gitweb/static/js/lib/cookies.js b/gitweb/static/js/lib/cookies.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..72b51cd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/lib/cookies.js
@@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
+/**
+ * @fileOverview Accessing cookies from JavaScript
+ * @license GPLv2 or later
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Based on subsection "Cookies in JavaScript" of "Professional
+ * JavaScript for Web Developers" by Nicholas C. Zakas and cookie
+ * plugin from jQuery (dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses)
+ */
+
+
+/**
+ * Create a cookie with the given name and value,
+ * and other optional parameters.
+ *
+ * @example
+ *   setCookie('foo', 'bar'); // will be deleted when browser exits
+ *   setCookie('foo', 'bar', { expires: new Date(Date.parse('Jan 1, 2012')) });
+ *   setCookie('foo', 'bar', { expires: 7 }); // 7 days = 1 week
+ *   setCookie('foo', 'bar', { expires: 14, path: '/' });
+ *
+ * @param {String} sName:    Unique name of a cookie (letters, numbers, underscores).
+ * @param {String} sValue:   The string value stored in a cookie.
+ * @param {Object} [options] An object literal containing key/value pairs
+ *                           to provide optional cookie attributes.
+ * @param {String|Number|Date} [options.expires] Either literal string to be used as cookie expires,
+ *                            or an integer specifying the expiration date from now on in days,
+ *                            or a Date object to be used as cookie expiration date.
+ *                            If a negative value is specified or a date in the past),
+ *                            the cookie will be deleted.
+ *                            If set to null or omitted, the cookie will be a session cookie
+ *                            and will not be retained when the the browser exits.
+ * @param {String} [options.path] Restrict access of a cookie to particular directory
+ *                               (default: path of page that created the cookie).
+ * @param {String} [options.domain] Override what web sites are allowed to access cookie
+ *                                  (default: domain of page that created the cookie).
+ * @param {Boolean} [options.secure] If true, the secure attribute of the cookie will be set
+ *                                   and the cookie would be accessible only from secure sites
+ *                                   (cookie transmission will require secure protocol like HTTPS).
+ */
+function setCookie(sName, sValue, options) {
+	options = options || {};
+	if (sValue === null) {
+		sValue = '';
+		option.expires = 'delete';
+	}
+
+	var sCookie = sName + '=' + encodeURIComponent(sValue);
+
+	if (options.expires) {
+		var oExpires = options.expires, sDate;
+		if (oExpires === 'delete') {
+			sDate = 'Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT';
+		} else if (typeof oExpires === 'string') {
+			sDate = oExpires;
+		} else {
+			var oDate;
+			if (typeof oExpires === 'number') {
+				oDate = new Date();
+				oDate.setTime(oDate.getTime() + (oExpires * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000)); // days to ms
+			} else {
+				oDate = oExpires;
+			}
+			sDate = oDate.toGMTString();
+		}
+		sCookie += '; expires=' + sDate;
+	}
+
+	if (options.path) {
+		sCookie += '; path=' + (options.path);
+	}
+	if (options.domain) {
+		sCookie += '; domain=' + (options.domain);
+	}
+	if (options.secure) {
+		sCookie += '; secure';
+	}
+	document.cookie = sCookie;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Get the value of a cookie with the given name.
+ *
+ * @param {String} sName: Unique name of a cookie (letters, numbers, underscores)
+ * @returns {String|null} The string value stored in a cookie
+ */
+function getCookie(sName) {
+	var sRE = '(?:; )?' + sName + '=([^;]*);?';
+	var oRE = new RegExp(sRE);
+	if (oRE.test(document.cookie)) {
+		return decodeURIComponent(RegExp['$1']);
+	} else {
+		return null;
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * Delete cookie with given name
+ *
+ * @param {String} sName:    Unique name of a cookie (letters, numbers, underscores)
+ * @param {Object} [options] An object literal containing key/value pairs
+ *                           to provide optional cookie attributes.
+ * @param {String} [options.path]   Must be the same as when setting a cookie
+ * @param {String} [options.domain] Must be the same as when setting a cookie
+ */
+function deleteCookie(sName, options) {
+	options = options || {};
+	options.expires = 'delete';
+
+	setCookie(sName, '', options);
+}
+
+/* end of cookies.js */
diff --git a/gitweb/static/js/lib/datetime.js b/gitweb/static/js/lib/datetime.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f78c60a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitweb/static/js/lib/datetime.js
@@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
+// Copyright (C) 2007, Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
+//               2007, Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz>
+//          2008-2011, Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+
+/**
+ * @fileOverview Datetime manipulation: parsing and formatting
+ * @license GPLv2 or later
+ */
+
+
+/* ............................................................ */
+/* parsing and retrieving datetime related information */
+
+/**
+ * used to extract hours and minutes from timezone info, e.g '-0900'
+ * @constant
+ */
+var tzRe = /^([+\-])([0-9][0-9])([0-9][0-9])$/;
+
+/**
+ * convert numeric timezone +/-ZZZZ to offset from UTC in seconds
+ *
+ * @param {String} timezoneInfo: numeric timezone '(+|-)HHMM'
+ * @returns {Number} offset from UTC in seconds for timezone
+ *
+ * @globals tzRe
+ */
+function timezoneOffset(timezoneInfo) {
+	var match = tzRe.exec(timezoneInfo);
+	var tz_sign = (match[1] === '-' ? -1 : +1);
+	var tz_hour = parseInt(match[2],10);
+	var tz_min  = parseInt(match[3],10);
+
+	return tz_sign*(((tz_hour*60) + tz_min)*60);
+}
+
+/**
+ * return local (browser) timezone as offset from UTC in seconds
+ *
+ * @returns {Number} offset from UTC in seconds for local timezone
+ */
+function localTimezoneOffset() {
+	// getTimezoneOffset returns the time-zone offset from UTC,
+	// in _minutes_, for the current locale
+	return ((new Date()).getTimezoneOffset() * -60);
+}
+
+/**
+ * return local (browser) timezone as numeric timezone '(+|-)HHMM'
+ *
+ * @returns {String} locat timezone as -/+ZZZZ
+ */
+function localTimezoneInfo() {
+	var tzOffsetMinutes = (new Date()).getTimezoneOffset() * -1;
+
+	return formatTimezoneInfo(0, tzOffsetMinutes);
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Parse RFC-2822 date into a Unix timestamp (into epoch)
+ *
+ * @param {String} date: date in RFC-2822 format, e.g. 'Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200'
+ * @returns {Number} epoch i.e. seconds since '00:00:00 1970-01-01 UTC'
+ */
+function parseRFC2822Date(date) {
+	// Date.parse accepts the IETF standard (RFC 1123 Section 5.2.14 and elsewhere)
+	// date syntax, which is defined in RFC 2822 (obsoletes RFC 822)
+	// and returns number of _milli_seconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 UTC
+	return Date.parse(date) / 1000;
+}
+
+
+/* ............................................................ */
+/* formatting date */
+
+/**
+ * format timezone offset as numerical timezone '(+|-)HHMM' or '(+|-)HH:MM'
+ *
+ * @param {Number} hours:    offset in hours, e.g. 2 for '+0200'
+ * @param {Number} [minutes] offset in minutes, e.g. 30 for '-4030';
+ *                           it is split into hours if not 0 <= minutes < 60,
+ *                           for example 1200 would give '+0100';
+ *                           defaults to 0
+ * @param {String} [sep] separator between hours and minutes part,
+ *                       default is '', might be ':' for W3CDTF (rfc-3339)
+ * @returns {String} timezone in '(+|-)HHMM' or '(+|-)HH:MM' format
+ */
+function formatTimezoneInfo(hours, minutes, sep) {
+	minutes = minutes || 0; // to be able to use formatTimezoneInfo(hh)
+	sep = sep || ''; // default format is +/-ZZZZ
+
+	if (minutes < 0 || minutes > 59) {
+		hours = minutes > 0 ? Math.floor(minutes / 60) : Math.ceil(minutes / 60);
+		minutes = Math.abs(minutes - 60*hours); // sign of minutes is sign of hours
+		// NOTE: this works correctly because there is no UTC-00:30 timezone
+	}
+
+	var tzSign = hours >= 0 ? '+' : '-';
+	if (hours < 0) {
+		hours = -hours; // sign is stored in tzSign
+	}
+
+	return tzSign + padLeft(hours, 2, '0') + sep + padLeft(minutes, 2, '0');
+}
+
+/**
+ * translate 'utc' and 'local' to numerical timezone
+ * @param {String} timezoneInfo: might be 'utc' or 'local' (browser)
+ */
+function normalizeTimezoneInfo(timezoneInfo) {
+	switch (timezoneInfo) {
+	case 'utc':
+		return '+0000';
+	case 'local': // 'local' is browser timezone
+		return localTimezoneInfo();
+	}
+	return timezoneInfo;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * return date in local time formatted in iso-8601 like format
+ * 'yyyy-mm-dd HH:MM:SS +/-ZZZZ' e.g. '2005-08-07 21:49:46 +0200'
+ *
+ * @param {Number} epoch: seconds since '00:00:00 1970-01-01 UTC'
+ * @param {String} timezoneInfo: numeric timezone '(+|-)HHMM'
+ * @returns {String} date in local time in iso-8601 like format
+ */
+function formatDateISOLocal(epoch, timezoneInfo) {
+	// date corrected by timezone
+	var localDate = new Date(1000 * (epoch +
+		timezoneOffset(timezoneInfo)));
+	var localDateStr = // e.g. '2005-08-07'
+		localDate.getUTCFullYear()                 + '-' +
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCMonth()+1, 2, '0') + '-' +
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCDate(),    2, '0');
+	var localTimeStr = // e.g. '21:49:46'
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCHours(),   2, '0') + ':' +
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCMinutes(), 2, '0') + ':' +
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCSeconds(), 2, '0');
+
+	return localDateStr + ' ' + localTimeStr + ' ' + timezoneInfo;
+}
+
+/**
+ * return date in local time formatted in rfc-2822 format
+ * e.g. 'Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200'
+ *
+ * @param {Number} epoch: seconds since '00:00:00 1970-01-01 UTC'
+ * @param {String} timezoneInfo: numeric timezone '(+|-)HHMM'
+ * @param {Boolean} [padDay] e.g. 'Sun, 07 Aug' if true, 'Sun, 7 Aug' otherwise
+ * @returns {String} date in local time in rfc-2822 format
+ */
+function formatDateRFC2882(epoch, timezoneInfo, padDay) {
+	// A short textual representation of a month, three letters
+	var months = ["Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun", "Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"];
+	// A textual representation of a day, three letters
+	var days = ["Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"];
+	// date corrected by timezone
+	var localDate = new Date(1000 * (epoch +
+		timezoneOffset(timezoneInfo)));
+	var localDateStr = // e.g. 'Sun, 7 Aug 2005' or 'Sun, 07 Aug 2005'
+		days[localDate.getUTCDay()] + ', ' +
+		(padDay ? padLeft(localDate.getUTCDate(),2,'0') : localDate.getUTCDate()) + ' ' +
+		months[localDate.getUTCMonth()] + ' ' +
+		localDate.getUTCFullYear();
+	var localTimeStr = // e.g. '21:49:46'
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCHours(),   2, '0') + ':' +
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCMinutes(), 2, '0') + ':' +
+		padLeft(localDate.getUTCSeconds(), 2, '0');
+
+	return localDateStr + ' ' + localTimeStr + ' ' + timezoneInfo;
+}
+
+/* end of datetime.js */
diff --git a/graph.c b/graph.c
index ef2e24e..2f6893d 100644
--- a/graph.c
+++ b/graph.c
@@ -59,27 +59,6 @@
 	GRAPH_COLLAPSING
 };
 
-/*
- * The list of available column colors.
- */
-static const char *column_colors_ansi[] = {
-	GIT_COLOR_RED,
-	GIT_COLOR_GREEN,
-	GIT_COLOR_YELLOW,
-	GIT_COLOR_BLUE,
-	GIT_COLOR_MAGENTA,
-	GIT_COLOR_CYAN,
-	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_RED,
-	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_GREEN,
-	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_YELLOW,
-	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_BLUE,
-	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_MAGENTA,
-	GIT_COLOR_BOLD_CYAN,
-	GIT_COLOR_RESET,
-};
-
-#define COLUMN_COLORS_ANSI_MAX (ARRAY_SIZE(column_colors_ansi) - 1)
-
 static const char **column_colors;
 static unsigned short column_colors_max;
 
@@ -228,7 +207,7 @@
 
 	if (!column_colors)
 		graph_set_column_colors(column_colors_ansi,
-					COLUMN_COLORS_ANSI_MAX);
+					column_colors_ansi_max);
 
 	graph->commit = NULL;
 	graph->revs = opt;
diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
index 63c4280..d03d9e2 100644
--- a/grep.c
+++ b/grep.c
@@ -59,6 +59,84 @@
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static NORETURN void compile_regexp_failed(const struct grep_pat *p,
+		const char *error)
+{
+	char where[1024];
+
+	if (p->no)
+		sprintf(where, "In '%s' at %d, ", p->origin, p->no);
+	else if (p->origin)
+		sprintf(where, "%s, ", p->origin);
+	else
+		where[0] = 0;
+
+	die("%s'%s': %s", where, p->pattern, error);
+}
+
+#ifdef USE_LIBPCRE
+static void compile_pcre_regexp(struct grep_pat *p, const struct grep_opt *opt)
+{
+	const char *error;
+	int erroffset;
+	int options = 0;
+
+	if (opt->ignore_case)
+		options |= PCRE_CASELESS;
+
+	p->pcre_regexp = pcre_compile(p->pattern, options, &error, &erroffset,
+			NULL);
+	if (!p->pcre_regexp)
+		compile_regexp_failed(p, error);
+
+	p->pcre_extra_info = pcre_study(p->pcre_regexp, 0, &error);
+	if (!p->pcre_extra_info && error)
+		die("%s", error);
+}
+
+static int pcrematch(struct grep_pat *p, const char *line, const char *eol,
+		regmatch_t *match, int eflags)
+{
+	int ovector[30], ret, flags = 0;
+
+	if (eflags & REG_NOTBOL)
+		flags |= PCRE_NOTBOL;
+
+	ret = pcre_exec(p->pcre_regexp, p->pcre_extra_info, line, eol - line,
+			0, flags, ovector, ARRAY_SIZE(ovector));
+	if (ret < 0 && ret != PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH)
+		die("pcre_exec failed with error code %d", ret);
+	if (ret > 0) {
+		ret = 0;
+		match->rm_so = ovector[0];
+		match->rm_eo = ovector[1];
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void free_pcre_regexp(struct grep_pat *p)
+{
+	pcre_free(p->pcre_regexp);
+	pcre_free(p->pcre_extra_info);
+}
+#else /* !USE_LIBPCRE */
+static void compile_pcre_regexp(struct grep_pat *p, const struct grep_opt *opt)
+{
+	die("cannot use Perl-compatible regexes when not compiled with USE_LIBPCRE");
+}
+
+static int pcrematch(struct grep_pat *p, const char *line, const char *eol,
+		regmatch_t *match, int eflags)
+{
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static void free_pcre_regexp(struct grep_pat *p)
+{
+}
+#endif /* !USE_LIBPCRE */
+
 static void compile_regexp(struct grep_pat *p, struct grep_opt *opt)
 {
 	int err;
@@ -70,20 +148,17 @@
 	if (p->fixed)
 		return;
 
+	if (opt->pcre) {
+		compile_pcre_regexp(p, opt);
+		return;
+	}
+
 	err = regcomp(&p->regexp, p->pattern, opt->regflags);
 	if (err) {
 		char errbuf[1024];
-		char where[1024];
-		if (p->no)
-			sprintf(where, "In '%s' at %d, ",
-				p->origin, p->no);
-		else if (p->origin)
-			sprintf(where, "%s, ", p->origin);
-		else
-			where[0] = 0;
 		regerror(err, &p->regexp, errbuf, 1024);
 		regfree(&p->regexp);
-		die("%s'%s': %s", where, p->pattern, errbuf);
+		compile_regexp_failed(p, errbuf);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -320,7 +395,10 @@
 		case GREP_PATTERN: /* atom */
 		case GREP_PATTERN_HEAD:
 		case GREP_PATTERN_BODY:
-			regfree(&p->regexp);
+			if (p->pcre_regexp)
+				free_pcre_regexp(p);
+			else
+				regfree(&p->regexp);
 			break;
 		default:
 			break;
@@ -412,6 +490,21 @@
 	return regexec(preg, line, 1, match, eflags);
 }
 
+static int patmatch(struct grep_pat *p, char *line, char *eol,
+		    regmatch_t *match, int eflags)
+{
+	int hit;
+
+	if (p->fixed)
+		hit = !fixmatch(p, line, eol, match);
+	else if (p->pcre_regexp)
+		hit = !pcrematch(p, line, eol, match, eflags);
+	else
+		hit = !regmatch(&p->regexp, line, eol, match, eflags);
+
+	return hit;
+}
+
 static int strip_timestamp(char *bol, char **eol_p)
 {
 	char *eol = *eol_p;
@@ -461,10 +554,7 @@
 	}
 
  again:
-	if (p->fixed)
-		hit = !fixmatch(p, bol, eol, pmatch);
-	else
-		hit = !regmatch(&p->regexp, bol, eol, pmatch, eflags);
+	hit = patmatch(p, bol, eol, pmatch, eflags);
 
 	if (hit && p->word_regexp) {
 		if ((pmatch[0].rm_so < 0) ||
@@ -791,10 +881,7 @@
 		int hit;
 		regmatch_t m;
 
-		if (p->fixed)
-			hit = !fixmatch(p, bol, bol + *left_p, &m);
-		else
-			hit = !regmatch(&p->regexp, bol, bol + *left_p, &m, 0);
+		hit = patmatch(p, bol, bol + *left_p, &m, 0);
 		if (!hit || m.rm_so < 0 || m.rm_eo < 0)
 			continue;
 		if (earliest < 0 || m.rm_so < earliest)
@@ -891,7 +978,7 @@
 		int hit;
 
 		/*
-		 * look_ahead() skips quicly to the line that possibly
+		 * look_ahead() skips quickly to the line that possibly
 		 * has the next hit; don't call it if we need to do
 		 * something more than just skipping the current line
 		 * in response to an unmatch for the current line.  E.g.
diff --git a/grep.h b/grep.h
index 06621fe..cd055cd 100644
--- a/grep.h
+++ b/grep.h
@@ -1,6 +1,12 @@
 #ifndef GREP_H
 #define GREP_H
 #include "color.h"
+#ifdef USE_LIBPCRE
+#include <pcre.h>
+#else
+typedef int pcre;
+typedef int pcre_extra;
+#endif
 
 enum grep_pat_token {
 	GREP_PATTERN,
@@ -33,6 +39,8 @@
 	size_t patternlen;
 	enum grep_header_field field;
 	regex_t regexp;
+	pcre *pcre_regexp;
+	pcre_extra *pcre_extra_info;
 	unsigned fixed:1;
 	unsigned ignore_case:1;
 	unsigned word_regexp:1;
@@ -83,6 +91,7 @@
 #define GREP_BINARY_TEXT	2
 	int binary;
 	int extended;
+	int pcre;
 	int relative;
 	int pathname;
 	int null_following_name;
diff --git a/http-push.c b/http-push.c
index d18346c..28bfe76 100644
--- a/http-push.c
+++ b/http-push.c
@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@
 	DAV_HEADER_TIMEOUT = (1u << 2)
 };
 
-static char *xml_entities(char *s)
+static char *xml_entities(const char *s)
 {
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	while (*s) {
@@ -197,6 +197,34 @@
 	return strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
 }
 
+static void curl_setup_http_get(CURL *curl, const char *url,
+		const char *custom_req)
+{
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, custom_req);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
+}
+
+static void curl_setup_http(CURL *curl, const char *url,
+		const char *custom_req, struct buffer *buffer,
+		curl_write_callback write_fn)
+{
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_PUT, 1);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, buffer);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, buffer->buf.len);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
+#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &buffer);
+#endif
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, write_fn);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_NOBODY, 0);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, custom_req);
+	curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
+}
+
 static struct curl_slist *get_dav_token_headers(struct remote_lock *lock, enum dav_header_flag options)
 {
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
@@ -272,11 +300,8 @@
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->callback_func = process_response;
 	slot->callback_data = request;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1); /* undo PUT setup */
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, request->url);
+	curl_setup_http_get(slot->curl, request->url, DAV_MKCOL);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_ERRORBUFFER, request->errorstr);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_MKCOL);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		request->slot = slot;
@@ -395,19 +420,8 @@
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->callback_func = process_response;
 	slot->callback_data = request;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, &request->buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, request->buffer.buf.len);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
-#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &request->buffer);
-#endif
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_NOBODY, 0);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_PUT);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_PUT, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, request->url);
+	curl_setup_http(slot->curl, request->url, DAV_PUT,
+			&request->buffer, fwrite_null);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		request->slot = slot;
@@ -427,13 +441,10 @@
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->callback_func = process_response;
 	slot->callback_data = request;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1); /* undo PUT setup */
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_MOVE);
+	curl_setup_http_get(slot->curl, request->url, DAV_MOVE);
 	dav_headers = curl_slist_append(dav_headers, request->dest);
 	dav_headers = curl_slist_append(dav_headers, "Overwrite: T");
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, request->url);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		request->slot = slot;
@@ -458,10 +469,7 @@
 
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, lock->url);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_LOCK);
+	curl_setup_http_get(slot->curl, lock->url, DAV_LOCK);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
@@ -797,7 +805,7 @@
 	}
 }
 
-static void one_remote_ref(char *refname);
+static void one_remote_ref(const char *refname);
 
 static void
 xml_start_tag(void *userData, const char *name, const char **atts)
@@ -876,10 +884,7 @@
 		ep[1] = '\0';
 		slot = get_active_slot();
 		slot->results = &results;
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_MKCOL);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
+		curl_setup_http_get(slot->curl, url, DAV_MKCOL);
 		if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 			run_active_slot(slot);
 			if (results.curl_result != CURLE_OK &&
@@ -909,19 +914,9 @@
 
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, &out_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, out_buffer.buf.len);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
-#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &out_buffer);
-#endif
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, &in_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_LOCK);
+	curl_setup_http(slot->curl, url, DAV_LOCK, &out_buffer, fwrite_buffer);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
+	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, &in_buffer);
 
 	lock = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*lock));
 	lock->timeout = -1;
@@ -987,9 +982,7 @@
 
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, lock->url);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_UNLOCK);
+	curl_setup_http_get(slot->curl, lock->url, DAV_UNLOCK);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
@@ -1167,19 +1160,10 @@
 
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, &out_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, out_buffer.buf.len);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
-#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &out_buffer);
-#endif
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, &in_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_PROPFIND);
+	curl_setup_http(slot->curl, url, DAV_PROPFIND,
+			&out_buffer, fwrite_buffer);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
+	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, &in_buffer);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		run_active_slot(slot);
@@ -1250,19 +1234,10 @@
 
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, &out_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, out_buffer.buf.len);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
-#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &out_buffer);
-#endif
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, &in_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, repo->url);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_PROPFIND);
+	curl_setup_http(slot->curl, repo->url, DAV_PROPFIND,
+			&out_buffer, fwrite_buffer);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
+	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_FILE, &in_buffer);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		run_active_slot(slot);
@@ -1436,19 +1411,9 @@
 
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, &out_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, out_buffer.buf.len);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
-#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &out_buffer);
-#endif
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_PUT);
+	curl_setup_http(slot->curl, lock->url, DAV_PUT,
+			&out_buffer, fwrite_null);
 	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_PUT, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, lock->url);
 
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		run_active_slot(slot);
@@ -1471,7 +1436,7 @@
 
 static struct ref *remote_refs;
 
-static void one_remote_ref(char *refname)
+static void one_remote_ref(const char *refname)
 {
 	struct ref *ref;
 	struct object *obj;
@@ -1572,19 +1537,9 @@
 
 		slot = get_active_slot();
 		slot->results = &results;
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILE, &buffer);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_INFILESIZE, buffer.buf.len);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, fread_buffer);
-#ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl_buffer);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_IOCTLDATA, &buffer);
-#endif
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_PUT);
+		curl_setup_http(slot->curl, lock->url, DAV_PUT,
+				&buffer, fwrite_null);
 		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, dav_headers);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_PUT, 1);
-		curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, lock->url);
 
 		if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 			run_active_slot(slot);
@@ -1660,7 +1615,7 @@
 	return (merge_bases && !merge_bases->next && merge_bases->item == branch);
 }
 
-static int delete_remote_branch(char *pattern, int force)
+static int delete_remote_branch(const char *pattern, int force)
 {
 	struct ref *refs = remote_refs;
 	struct ref *remote_ref = NULL;
@@ -1742,10 +1697,7 @@
 	sprintf(url, "%s%s", repo->url, remote_ref->name);
 	slot = get_active_slot();
 	slot->results = &results;
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, fwrite_null);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
-	curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, DAV_DELETE);
+	curl_setup_http_get(slot->curl, url, DAV_DELETE);
 	if (start_active_slot(slot)) {
 		run_active_slot(slot);
 		free(url);
diff --git a/http-walker.c b/http-walker.c
index 9bc8114..51a906e 100644
--- a/http-walker.c
+++ b/http-walker.c
@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@
 	struct active_request_slot *slot = alt_req->slot;
 	struct alt_base *tail = cdata->alt;
 	const char *base = alt_req->base;
-	static const char null_byte = '\0';
+	const char null_byte = '\0';
 	char *data;
 	int i = 0;
 
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@
 		}
 	}
 
-	fwrite_buffer(&null_byte, 1, 1, alt_req->buffer);
+	fwrite_buffer((char *)&null_byte, 1, 1, alt_req->buffer);
 	alt_req->buffer->len--;
 	data = alt_req->buffer->buf;
 
diff --git a/http.c b/http.c
index b27bb57..b2ae8de 100644
--- a/http.c
+++ b/http.c
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@
 
 static struct active_request_slot *active_queue_head;
 
-size_t fread_buffer(void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *buffer_)
+size_t fread_buffer(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *buffer_)
 {
 	size_t size = eltsize * nmemb;
 	struct buffer *buffer = buffer_;
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@
 }
 #endif
 
-size_t fwrite_buffer(const void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *buffer_)
+size_t fwrite_buffer(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *buffer_)
 {
 	size_t size = eltsize * nmemb;
 	struct strbuf *buffer = buffer_;
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@
 	return size;
 }
 
-size_t fwrite_null(const void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf)
+size_t fwrite_null(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf)
 {
 	data_received++;
 	return eltsize * nmemb;
@@ -1167,7 +1167,7 @@
 }
 
 /* Helpers for fetching objects (loose) */
-static size_t fwrite_sha1_file(void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb,
+static size_t fwrite_sha1_file(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb,
 			       void *data)
 {
 	unsigned char expn[4096];
@@ -1184,7 +1184,7 @@
 	} while (posn < size);
 
 	freq->stream.avail_in = size;
-	freq->stream.next_in = ptr;
+	freq->stream.next_in = (void *)ptr;
 	do {
 		freq->stream.next_out = expn;
 		freq->stream.avail_out = sizeof(expn);
@@ -1203,7 +1203,7 @@
 	char *filename;
 	char prevfile[PATH_MAX];
 	int prevlocal;
-	unsigned char prev_buf[PREV_BUF_SIZE];
+	char prev_buf[PREV_BUF_SIZE];
 	ssize_t prev_read = 0;
 	long prev_posn = 0;
 	char range[RANGE_HEADER_SIZE];
diff --git a/http.h b/http.h
index e9ed3c2..19b7134 100644
--- a/http.h
+++ b/http.h
@@ -66,9 +66,9 @@
 };
 
 /* Curl request read/write callbacks */
-extern size_t fread_buffer(void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf);
-extern size_t fwrite_buffer(const void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf);
-extern size_t fwrite_null(const void *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf);
+extern size_t fread_buffer(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf);
+extern size_t fwrite_buffer(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf);
+extern size_t fwrite_null(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf);
 #ifndef NO_CURL_IOCTL
 extern curlioerr ioctl_buffer(CURL *handle, int cmd, void *clientp);
 #endif
diff --git a/ident.c b/ident.c
index 8e56b5e..35a6f26 100644
--- a/ident.c
+++ b/ident.c
@@ -9,6 +9,12 @@
 
 static char git_default_date[50];
 
+#ifdef NO_GECOS_IN_PWENT
+#define get_gecos(ignored) "&"
+#else
+#define get_gecos(struct_passwd) ((struct_passwd)->pw_gecos)
+#endif
+
 static void copy_gecos(const struct passwd *w, char *name, size_t sz)
 {
 	char *src, *dst;
@@ -20,7 +26,7 @@
 	 * with commas.  Also & stands for capitalized form of the login name.
 	 */
 
-	for (len = 0, dst = name, src = w->pw_gecos; len < sz; src++) {
+	for (len = 0, dst = name, src = get_gecos(w); len < sz; src++) {
 		int ch = *src;
 		if (ch != '&') {
 			*dst++ = ch;
diff --git a/imap-send.c b/imap-send.c
index 9adf4b9..e1ad1a4 100644
--- a/imap-send.c
+++ b/imap-send.c
@@ -1193,13 +1193,13 @@
 	if (!preauth) {
 #ifndef NO_OPENSSL
 		if (!srvc->use_ssl && CAP(STARTTLS)) {
-			if (imap_exec(ctx, 0, "STARTTLS") != RESP_OK)
+			if (imap_exec(ctx, NULL, "STARTTLS") != RESP_OK)
 				goto bail;
 			if (ssl_socket_connect(&imap->buf.sock, 1,
 					       srvc->ssl_verify))
 				goto bail;
 			/* capabilities may have changed, so get the new capabilities */
-			if (imap_exec(ctx, 0, "CAPABILITY") != RESP_OK)
+			if (imap_exec(ctx, NULL, "CAPABILITY") != RESP_OK)
 				goto bail;
 		}
 #endif
diff --git a/list-objects.c b/list-objects.c
index 838b6a7..0fb44e7 100644
--- a/list-objects.c
+++ b/list-objects.c
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@
 	struct tree_desc desc;
 	struct name_entry entry;
 	struct name_path me;
-	int all_interesting = (revs->diffopt.pathspec.nr == 0);
+	int match = revs->diffopt.pathspec.nr == 0 ? 2 : 0;
 	int baselen = base->len;
 
 	if (!revs->tree_objects)
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@
 	me.elem = name;
 	me.elem_len = strlen(name);
 
-	if (!all_interesting) {
+	if (!match) {
 		strbuf_addstr(base, name);
 		if (base->len)
 			strbuf_addch(base, '/');
@@ -94,17 +94,13 @@
 	init_tree_desc(&desc, tree->buffer, tree->size);
 
 	while (tree_entry(&desc, &entry)) {
-		if (!all_interesting) {
-			int showit = tree_entry_interesting(&entry,
-							    base, 0,
-							    &revs->diffopt.pathspec);
-
-			if (showit < 0)
+		if (match != 2) {
+			match = tree_entry_interesting(&entry, base, 0,
+						       &revs->diffopt.pathspec);
+			if (match < 0)
 				break;
-			else if (!showit)
+			if (match == 0)
 				continue;
-			else if (showit == 2)
-				all_interesting = 1;
 		}
 
 		if (S_ISDIR(entry.mode))
diff --git a/log-tree.c b/log-tree.c
index 2a1e3a9..e945701 100644
--- a/log-tree.c
+++ b/log-tree.c
@@ -294,8 +294,9 @@
 	if (opt->total > 0) {
 		static char buffer[64];
 		snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer),
-			 "Subject: [%s %0*d/%d] ",
+			 "Subject: [%s%s%0*d/%d] ",
 			 opt->subject_prefix,
+			 *opt->subject_prefix ? " " : "",
 			 digits_in_number(opt->total),
 			 opt->nr, opt->total);
 		subject = buffer;
@@ -484,8 +485,10 @@
 	ctx.date_mode = opt->date_mode;
 	ctx.abbrev = opt->diffopt.abbrev;
 	ctx.after_subject = extra_headers;
+	ctx.preserve_subject = opt->preserve_subject;
 	ctx.reflog_info = opt->reflog_info;
-	pretty_print_commit(opt->commit_format, commit, &msgbuf, &ctx);
+	ctx.fmt = opt->commit_format;
+	pretty_print_commit(&ctx, commit, &msgbuf);
 
 	if (opt->add_signoff)
 		append_signoff(&msgbuf, opt->add_signoff);
diff --git a/merge-file.c b/merge-file.c
index f7f4533..7845528 100644
--- a/merge-file.c
+++ b/merge-file.c
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 #include "xdiff-interface.h"
 #include "ll-merge.h"
 #include "blob.h"
+#include "merge-file.h"
 
 static int fill_mmfile_blob(mmfile_t *f, struct blob *obj)
 {
diff --git a/merge-file.h b/merge-file.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9b3b83a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/merge-file.h
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+#ifndef MERGE_FILE_H
+#define MERGE_FILE_H
+
+extern void *merge_file(const char *path, struct blob *base, struct blob *our,
+			struct blob *their, unsigned long *size);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/merge-recursive.c b/merge-recursive.c
index ae6ade4..db9ba19 100644
--- a/merge-recursive.c
+++ b/merge-recursive.c
@@ -273,7 +273,9 @@
 static int get_files_dirs(struct merge_options *o, struct tree *tree)
 {
 	int n;
-	if (read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, NULL, save_files_dirs, o))
+	struct pathspec match_all;
+	init_pathspec(&match_all, NULL);
+	if (read_tree_recursive(tree, "", 0, 0, &match_all, save_files_dirs, o))
 		return 0;
 	n = o->current_file_set.nr + o->current_directory_set.nr;
 	return n;
diff --git a/notes-merge.c b/notes-merge.c
index 28046a9..e1aaf43 100644
--- a/notes-merge.c
+++ b/notes-merge.c
@@ -707,7 +707,7 @@
 		/* write file as blob, and add to partial_tree */
 		if (stat(ent->name, &st))
 			die_errno("Failed to stat '%s'", ent->name);
-		if (index_path(blob_sha1, ent->name, &st, 1))
+		if (index_path(blob_sha1, ent->name, &st, HASH_WRITE_OBJECT))
 			die("Failed to write blob object from '%s'", ent->name);
 		if (add_note(partial_tree, obj_sha1, blob_sha1, NULL))
 			die("Failed to add resolved note '%s' to notes tree",
diff --git a/notes.c b/notes.c
index a013c1b..f6ce848 100644
--- a/notes.c
+++ b/notes.c
@@ -1053,7 +1053,8 @@
 
 	assert(!display_notes_trees);
 
-	if (!opt || !opt->suppress_default_notes) {
+	if (!opt || opt->use_default_notes > 0 ||
+	    (opt->use_default_notes == -1 && !opt->extra_notes_refs.nr)) {
 		string_list_append(&display_notes_refs, default_notes_ref());
 		display_ref_env = getenv(GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF_ENVIRONMENT);
 		if (display_ref_env) {
@@ -1066,9 +1067,9 @@
 
 	git_config(notes_display_config, &load_config_refs);
 
-	if (opt && opt->extra_notes_refs) {
+	if (opt) {
 		struct string_list_item *item;
-		for_each_string_list_item(item, opt->extra_notes_refs)
+		for_each_string_list_item(item, &opt->extra_notes_refs)
 			string_list_add_refs_by_glob(&display_notes_refs,
 						     item->string);
 	}
@@ -1285,3 +1286,13 @@
 
 	return 0;
 }
+
+void expand_notes_ref(struct strbuf *sb)
+{
+	if (!prefixcmp(sb->buf, "refs/notes/"))
+		return; /* we're happy */
+	else if (!prefixcmp(sb->buf, "notes/"))
+		strbuf_insert(sb, 0, "refs/", 5);
+	else
+		strbuf_insert(sb, 0, "refs/notes/", 11);
+}
diff --git a/notes.h b/notes.h
index 83bd6e0..c716694 100644
--- a/notes.h
+++ b/notes.h
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
 #ifndef NOTES_H
 #define NOTES_H
 
+#include "string-list.h"
+
 /*
  * Function type for combining two notes annotating the same object.
  *
@@ -256,8 +258,8 @@
 struct string_list;
 
 struct display_notes_opt {
-	unsigned int suppress_default_notes:1;
-	struct string_list *extra_notes_refs;
+	int use_default_notes;
+	struct string_list extra_notes_refs;
 };
 
 /*
@@ -307,4 +309,7 @@
 void string_list_add_refs_from_colon_sep(struct string_list *list,
 					 const char *globs);
 
+/* Expand inplace a note ref like "foo" or "notes/foo" into "refs/notes/foo" */
+void expand_notes_ref(struct strbuf *sb);
+
 #endif
diff --git a/object.c b/object.c
index 7e1f2bb..31976b5 100644
--- a/object.c
+++ b/object.c
@@ -188,8 +188,8 @@
 	unsigned long size;
 	enum object_type type;
 	int eaten;
-	const unsigned char *repl;
-	void *buffer = read_sha1_file_repl(sha1, &type, &size, &repl);
+	const unsigned char *repl = lookup_replace_object(sha1);
+	void *buffer = read_sha1_file(sha1, &type, &size);
 
 	if (buffer) {
 		struct object *obj;
diff --git a/pretty.c b/pretty.c
index 7d23c1f..f45eb54 100644
--- a/pretty.c
+++ b/pretty.c
@@ -318,16 +318,16 @@
 	strbuf_addstr(sb, "?=");
 }
 
-void pp_user_info(const char *what, enum cmit_fmt fmt, struct strbuf *sb,
-		  const char *line, enum date_mode dmode,
-		  const char *encoding)
+void pp_user_info(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
+		  const char *what, struct strbuf *sb,
+		  const char *line, const char *encoding)
 {
 	char *date;
 	int namelen;
 	unsigned long time;
 	int tz;
 
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
 		return;
 	date = strchr(line, '>');
 	if (!date)
@@ -336,9 +336,10 @@
 	time = strtoul(date, &date, 10);
 	tz = strtol(date, NULL, 10);
 
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL) {
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL) {
 		char *name_tail = strchr(line, '<');
 		int display_name_length;
+		int final_line;
 		if (!name_tail)
 			return;
 		while (line < name_tail && isspace(name_tail[-1]))
@@ -353,22 +354,30 @@
 			add_rfc2047(sb, quoted.buf, quoted.len, encoding);
 			strbuf_release(&quoted);
 		}
+		for (final_line = 0; final_line < sb->len; final_line++)
+			if (sb->buf[sb->len - final_line - 1] == '\n')
+				break;
+		if (namelen - display_name_length + final_line > 78) {
+			strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
+			if (!isspace(name_tail[0]))
+				strbuf_addch(sb, ' ');
+		}
 		strbuf_add(sb, name_tail, namelen - display_name_length);
 		strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
 	} else {
 		strbuf_addf(sb, "%s: %.*s%.*s\n", what,
-			      (fmt == CMIT_FMT_FULLER) ? 4 : 0,
+			      (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_FULLER) ? 4 : 0,
 			      "    ", namelen, line);
 	}
-	switch (fmt) {
+	switch (pp->fmt) {
 	case CMIT_FMT_MEDIUM:
-		strbuf_addf(sb, "Date:   %s\n", show_date(time, tz, dmode));
+		strbuf_addf(sb, "Date:   %s\n", show_date(time, tz, pp->date_mode));
 		break;
 	case CMIT_FMT_EMAIL:
 		strbuf_addf(sb, "Date: %s\n", show_date(time, tz, DATE_RFC2822));
 		break;
 	case CMIT_FMT_FULLER:
-		strbuf_addf(sb, "%sDate: %s\n", what, show_date(time, tz, dmode));
+		strbuf_addf(sb, "%sDate: %s\n", what, show_date(time, tz, pp->date_mode));
 		break;
 	default:
 		/* notin' */
@@ -399,12 +408,12 @@
 	return msg;
 }
 
-static void add_merge_info(enum cmit_fmt fmt, struct strbuf *sb,
-			const struct commit *commit, int abbrev)
+static void add_merge_info(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
+			   struct strbuf *sb, const struct commit *commit)
 {
 	struct commit_list *parent = commit->parents;
 
-	if ((fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE) || (fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL) ||
+	if ((pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE) || (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL) ||
 	    !parent || !parent->next)
 		return;
 
@@ -413,8 +422,8 @@
 	while (parent) {
 		struct commit *p = parent->item;
 		const char *hex = NULL;
-		if (abbrev)
-			hex = find_unique_abbrev(p->object.sha1, abbrev);
+		if (pp->abbrev)
+			hex = find_unique_abbrev(p->object.sha1, pp->abbrev);
 		if (!hex)
 			hex = sha1_to_hex(p->object.sha1);
 		parent = parent->next;
@@ -1107,9 +1116,7 @@
 		free(context.message);
 }
 
-static void pp_header(enum cmit_fmt fmt,
-		      int abbrev,
-		      enum date_mode dmode,
+static void pp_header(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
 		      const char *encoding,
 		      const struct commit *commit,
 		      const char **msg_p,
@@ -1129,7 +1136,7 @@
 			/* End of header */
 			return;
 
-		if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_RAW) {
+		if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_RAW) {
 			strbuf_add(sb, line, linelen);
 			continue;
 		}
@@ -1149,7 +1156,7 @@
 				;
 			/* with enough slop */
 			strbuf_grow(sb, num * 50 + 20);
-			add_merge_info(fmt, sb, commit, abbrev);
+			add_merge_info(pp, sb, commit);
 			parents_shown = 1;
 		}
 
@@ -1160,32 +1167,31 @@
 		 */
 		if (!memcmp(line, "author ", 7)) {
 			strbuf_grow(sb, linelen + 80);
-			pp_user_info("Author", fmt, sb, line + 7, dmode, encoding);
+			pp_user_info(pp, "Author", sb, line + 7, encoding);
 		}
 		if (!memcmp(line, "committer ", 10) &&
-		    (fmt == CMIT_FMT_FULL || fmt == CMIT_FMT_FULLER)) {
+		    (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_FULL || pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_FULLER)) {
 			strbuf_grow(sb, linelen + 80);
-			pp_user_info("Commit", fmt, sb, line + 10, dmode, encoding);
+			pp_user_info(pp, "Commit", sb, line + 10, encoding);
 		}
 	}
 }
 
-void pp_title_line(enum cmit_fmt fmt,
+void pp_title_line(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
 		   const char **msg_p,
 		   struct strbuf *sb,
-		   const char *subject,
-		   const char *after_subject,
 		   const char *encoding,
 		   int need_8bit_cte)
 {
 	struct strbuf title;
 
 	strbuf_init(&title, 80);
-	*msg_p = format_subject(&title, *msg_p, " ");
+	*msg_p = format_subject(&title, *msg_p,
+				pp->preserve_subject ? "\n" : " ");
 
 	strbuf_grow(sb, title.len + 1024);
-	if (subject) {
-		strbuf_addstr(sb, subject);
+	if (pp->subject) {
+		strbuf_addstr(sb, pp->subject);
 		add_rfc2047(sb, title.buf, title.len, encoding);
 	} else {
 		strbuf_addbuf(sb, &title);
@@ -1199,16 +1205,16 @@
 			"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n";
 		strbuf_addf(sb, header_fmt, encoding);
 	}
-	if (after_subject) {
-		strbuf_addstr(sb, after_subject);
+	if (pp->after_subject) {
+		strbuf_addstr(sb, pp->after_subject);
 	}
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL) {
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL) {
 		strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
 	}
 	strbuf_release(&title);
 }
 
-void pp_remainder(enum cmit_fmt fmt,
+void pp_remainder(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
 		  const char **msg_p,
 		  struct strbuf *sb,
 		  int indent)
@@ -1225,7 +1231,7 @@
 		if (is_empty_line(line, &linelen)) {
 			if (first)
 				continue;
-			if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_SHORT)
+			if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_SHORT)
 				break;
 		}
 		first = 0;
@@ -1250,19 +1256,19 @@
 	return logmsg_reencode(commit, encoding);
 }
 
-void pretty_print_commit(enum cmit_fmt fmt, const struct commit *commit,
-			 struct strbuf *sb,
-			 const struct pretty_print_context *context)
+void pretty_print_commit(const struct pretty_print_context *pp,
+			 const struct commit *commit,
+			 struct strbuf *sb)
 {
 	unsigned long beginning_of_body;
 	int indent = 4;
 	const char *msg = commit->buffer;
 	char *reencoded;
 	const char *encoding;
-	int need_8bit_cte = context->need_8bit_cte;
+	int need_8bit_cte = pp->need_8bit_cte;
 
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_USERFORMAT) {
-		format_commit_message(commit, user_format, sb, context);
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_USERFORMAT) {
+		format_commit_message(commit, user_format, sb, pp);
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -1271,14 +1277,14 @@
 		msg = reencoded;
 	}
 
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE || fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL)
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE || pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL)
 		indent = 0;
 
 	/*
 	 * We need to check and emit Content-type: to mark it
 	 * as 8-bit if we haven't done so.
 	 */
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL && need_8bit_cte == 0) {
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL && need_8bit_cte == 0) {
 		int i, ch, in_body;
 
 		for (in_body = i = 0; (ch = msg[i]); i++) {
@@ -1297,9 +1303,8 @@
 		}
 	}
 
-	pp_header(fmt, context->abbrev, context->date_mode, encoding,
-		  commit, &msg, sb);
-	if (fmt != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE && !context->subject) {
+	pp_header(pp, encoding, commit, &msg, sb);
+	if (pp->fmt != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE && !pp->subject) {
 		strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
 	}
 
@@ -1307,17 +1312,16 @@
 	msg = skip_empty_lines(msg);
 
 	/* These formats treat the title line specially. */
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE || fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL)
-		pp_title_line(fmt, &msg, sb, context->subject,
-			      context->after_subject, encoding, need_8bit_cte);
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_ONELINE || pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL)
+		pp_title_line(pp, &msg, sb, encoding, need_8bit_cte);
 
 	beginning_of_body = sb->len;
-	if (fmt != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
-		pp_remainder(fmt, &msg, sb, indent);
+	if (pp->fmt != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
+		pp_remainder(pp, &msg, sb, indent);
 	strbuf_rtrim(sb);
 
 	/* Make sure there is an EOLN for the non-oneline case */
-	if (fmt != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
+	if (pp->fmt != CMIT_FMT_ONELINE)
 		strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
 
 	/*
@@ -1325,12 +1329,20 @@
 	 * format.  Make sure we did not strip the blank line
 	 * between the header and the body.
 	 */
-	if (fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL && sb->len <= beginning_of_body)
+	if (pp->fmt == CMIT_FMT_EMAIL && sb->len <= beginning_of_body)
 		strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
 
-	if (context->show_notes)
+	if (pp->show_notes)
 		format_display_notes(commit->object.sha1, sb, encoding,
 				     NOTES_SHOW_HEADER | NOTES_INDENT);
 
 	free(reencoded);
 }
+
+void pp_commit_easy(enum cmit_fmt fmt, const struct commit *commit,
+		    struct strbuf *sb)
+{
+	struct pretty_print_context pp = {0};
+	pp.fmt = fmt;
+	pretty_print_commit(&pp, commit, sb);
+}
diff --git a/read-cache.c b/read-cache.c
index f38471c..4ac9a03 100644
--- a/read-cache.c
+++ b/read-cache.c
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@
 
 	if (fd >= 0) {
 		unsigned char sha1[20];
-		if (!index_fd(sha1, fd, st, 0, OBJ_BLOB, ce->name, 0))
+		if (!index_fd(sha1, fd, st, OBJ_BLOB, ce->name, 0))
 			match = hashcmp(sha1, ce->sha1);
 		/* index_fd() closed the file descriptor already */
 	}
@@ -641,7 +641,7 @@
 		return 0;
 	}
 	if (!intent_only) {
-		if (index_path(ce->sha1, path, st, 1))
+		if (index_path(ce->sha1, path, st, HASH_WRITE_OBJECT))
 			return error("unable to index file %s", path);
 	} else
 		record_intent_to_add(ce);
diff --git a/remote-curl.c b/remote-curl.c
index 775d614..17d8a9b 100644
--- a/remote-curl.c
+++ b/remote-curl.c
@@ -347,7 +347,7 @@
 }
 #endif
 
-static size_t rpc_in(const void *ptr, size_t eltsize,
+static size_t rpc_in(char *ptr, size_t eltsize,
 		size_t nmemb, void *buffer_)
 {
 	size_t size = eltsize * nmemb;
diff --git a/replace_object.c b/replace_object.c
index 7c6c754..d0b1548 100644
--- a/replace_object.c
+++ b/replace_object.c
@@ -85,12 +85,14 @@
 
 	for_each_replace_ref(register_replace_ref, NULL);
 	replace_object_prepared = 1;
+	if (!replace_object_nr)
+		read_replace_refs = 0;
 }
 
 /* We allow "recursive" replacement. Only within reason, though */
 #define MAXREPLACEDEPTH 5
 
-const unsigned char *lookup_replace_object(const unsigned char *sha1)
+const unsigned char *do_lookup_replace_object(const unsigned char *sha1)
 {
 	int pos, depth = MAXREPLACEDEPTH;
 	const unsigned char *cur = sha1;
diff --git a/rerere.c b/rerere.c
index 6ec452f..dcb525a 100644
--- a/rerere.c
+++ b/rerere.c
@@ -677,3 +677,88 @@
 	}
 	return write_rr(&merge_rr, fd);
 }
+
+static time_t rerere_created_at(const char *name)
+{
+	struct stat st;
+	return stat(rerere_path(name, "preimage"), &st) ? (time_t) 0 : st.st_mtime;
+}
+
+static time_t rerere_last_used_at(const char *name)
+{
+	struct stat st;
+	return stat(rerere_path(name, "postimage"), &st) ? (time_t) 0 : st.st_mtime;
+}
+
+static void unlink_rr_item(const char *name)
+{
+	unlink(rerere_path(name, "thisimage"));
+	unlink(rerere_path(name, "preimage"));
+	unlink(rerere_path(name, "postimage"));
+	rmdir(git_path("rr-cache/%s", name));
+}
+
+struct rerere_gc_config_cb {
+	int cutoff_noresolve;
+	int cutoff_resolve;
+};
+
+static int git_rerere_gc_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
+{
+	struct rerere_gc_config_cb *cf = cb;
+
+	if (!strcmp(var, "gc.rerereresolved"))
+		cf->cutoff_resolve = git_config_int(var, value);
+	else if (!strcmp(var, "gc.rerereunresolved"))
+		cf->cutoff_noresolve = git_config_int(var, value);
+	else
+		return git_default_config(var, value, cb);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void rerere_gc(struct string_list *rr)
+{
+	struct string_list to_remove = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;
+	DIR *dir;
+	struct dirent *e;
+	int i, cutoff;
+	time_t now = time(NULL), then;
+	struct rerere_gc_config_cb cf = { 15, 60 };
+
+	git_config(git_rerere_gc_config, &cf);
+	dir = opendir(git_path("rr-cache"));
+	if (!dir)
+		die_errno("unable to open rr-cache directory");
+	while ((e = readdir(dir))) {
+		if (is_dot_or_dotdot(e->d_name))
+			continue;
+
+		then = rerere_last_used_at(e->d_name);
+		if (then) {
+			cutoff = cf.cutoff_resolve;
+		} else {
+			then = rerere_created_at(e->d_name);
+			if (!then)
+				continue;
+			cutoff = cf.cutoff_noresolve;
+		}
+		if (then < now - cutoff * 86400)
+			string_list_append(&to_remove, e->d_name);
+	}
+	closedir(dir);
+	for (i = 0; i < to_remove.nr; i++)
+		unlink_rr_item(to_remove.items[i].string);
+	string_list_clear(&to_remove, 0);
+}
+
+void rerere_clear(struct string_list *merge_rr)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < merge_rr->nr; i++) {
+		const char *name = (const char *)merge_rr->items[i].util;
+		if (!has_rerere_resolution(name))
+			unlink_rr_item(name);
+	}
+	unlink_or_warn(git_path("MERGE_RR"));
+}
diff --git a/rerere.h b/rerere.h
index 595f49f..fcd8bc1 100644
--- a/rerere.h
+++ b/rerere.h
@@ -19,6 +19,8 @@
 extern int has_rerere_resolution(const char *hex);
 extern int rerere_forget(const char **);
 extern int rerere_remaining(struct string_list *);
+extern void rerere_clear(struct string_list *);
+extern void rerere_gc(struct string_list *);
 
 #define OPT_RERERE_AUTOUPDATE(v) OPT_UYN(0, "rerere-autoupdate", (v), \
 	"update the index with reused conflict resolution if possible")
diff --git a/revision.c b/revision.c
index 707a703..c46cfaa 100644
--- a/revision.c
+++ b/revision.c
@@ -133,6 +133,8 @@
 
 static void add_pending_object_with_mode(struct rev_info *revs, struct object *obj, const char *name, unsigned mode)
 {
+	if (!obj)
+		return;
 	if (revs->no_walk && (obj->flags & UNINTERESTING))
 		revs->no_walk = 0;
 	if (revs->reflog_info && obj->type == OBJ_COMMIT) {
@@ -174,8 +176,11 @@
 	struct object *object;
 
 	object = parse_object(sha1);
-	if (!object)
+	if (!object) {
+		if (revs->ignore_missing)
+			return object;
 		die("bad object %s", name);
+	}
 	object->flags |= flags;
 	return object;
 }
@@ -906,6 +911,8 @@
 		return 0;
 	while (1) {
 		it = get_reference(revs, arg, sha1, 0);
+		if (!it && revs->ignore_missing)
+			return 0;
 		if (it->type != OBJ_TAG)
 			break;
 		if (!((struct tag*)it)->tagged)
@@ -955,6 +962,8 @@
 		revs->diffopt.prefix = prefix;
 		revs->diffopt.prefix_length = strlen(prefix);
 	}
+
+	revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes = -1;
 }
 
 static void add_pending_commit_list(struct rev_info *revs,
@@ -1042,6 +1051,8 @@
 			a = lookup_commit_reference(from_sha1);
 			b = lookup_commit_reference(sha1);
 			if (!a || !b) {
+				if (revs->ignore_missing)
+					return 0;
 				die(symmetric ?
 				    "Invalid symmetric difference expression %s...%s" :
 				    "Invalid revision range %s..%s",
@@ -1088,7 +1099,7 @@
 		arg++;
 	}
 	if (get_sha1_with_mode(arg, sha1, &mode))
-		return -1;
+		return revs->ignore_missing ? 0 : -1;
 	if (!cant_be_filename)
 		verify_non_filename(revs->prefix, arg);
 	object = get_reference(revs, arg, sha1, flags ^ local_flags);
@@ -1177,7 +1188,9 @@
 	    !strcmp(arg, "--tags") || !strcmp(arg, "--remotes") ||
 	    !strcmp(arg, "--reflog") || !strcmp(arg, "--not") ||
 	    !strcmp(arg, "--no-walk") || !strcmp(arg, "--do-walk") ||
-	    !strcmp(arg, "--bisect"))
+	    !strcmp(arg, "--bisect") || !prefixcmp(arg, "--glob=") ||
+	    !prefixcmp(arg, "--branches=") || !prefixcmp(arg, "--tags=") ||
+	    !prefixcmp(arg, "--remotes="))
 	{
 		unkv[(*unkc)++] = arg;
 		return 1;
@@ -1364,32 +1377,39 @@
 		revs->verbose_header = 1;
 		revs->pretty_given = 1;
 		get_commit_format(arg+9, revs);
-	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--show-notes")) {
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--show-notes") || !strcmp(arg, "--notes")) {
 		revs->show_notes = 1;
 		revs->show_notes_given = 1;
-	} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--show-notes=")) {
+		revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes = 1;
+	} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--show-notes=") ||
+		   !prefixcmp(arg, "--notes=")) {
 		struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 		revs->show_notes = 1;
 		revs->show_notes_given = 1;
-		if (!revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs)
-			revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct string_list));
-		if (!prefixcmp(arg+13, "refs/"))
-			/* happy */;
-		else if (!prefixcmp(arg+13, "notes/"))
-			strbuf_addstr(&buf, "refs/");
+		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--show-notes")) {
+			if (revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes < 0)
+				revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes = 1;
+			strbuf_addstr(&buf, arg+13);
+		}
 		else
-			strbuf_addstr(&buf, "refs/notes/");
-		strbuf_addstr(&buf, arg+13);
-		string_list_append(revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs,
+			strbuf_addstr(&buf, arg+8);
+		expand_notes_ref(&buf);
+		string_list_append(&revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs,
 				   strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL));
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-notes")) {
 		revs->show_notes = 0;
 		revs->show_notes_given = 1;
+		revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes = -1;
+		/* we have been strdup'ing ourselves, so trick
+		 * string_list into free()ing strings */
+		revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs.strdup_strings = 1;
+		string_list_clear(&revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs, 0);
+		revs->notes_opt.extra_notes_refs.strdup_strings = 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--standard-notes")) {
 		revs->show_notes_given = 1;
-		revs->notes_opt.suppress_default_notes = 0;
+		revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes = 1;
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-standard-notes")) {
-		revs->notes_opt.suppress_default_notes = 1;
+		revs->notes_opt.use_default_notes = 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--oneline")) {
 		revs->verbose_header = 1;
 		get_commit_format("oneline", revs);
@@ -1417,6 +1437,9 @@
 			revs->abbrev = 40;
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--abbrev-commit")) {
 		revs->abbrev_commit = 1;
+		revs->abbrev_commit_given = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-abbrev-commit")) {
+		revs->abbrev_commit = 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--full-diff")) {
 		revs->diff = 1;
 		revs->full_diff = 1;
@@ -1463,6 +1486,8 @@
 	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--children")) {
 		revs->children.name = "children";
 		revs->limited = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--ignore-missing")) {
+		revs->ignore_missing = 1;
 	} else {
 		int opts = diff_opt_parse(&revs->diffopt, argv, argc);
 		if (!opts)
@@ -1497,6 +1522,69 @@
 	return for_each_ref_in_submodule(submodule, "refs/bisect/good", fn, cb_data);
 }
 
+static int handle_revision_pseudo_opt(const char *submodule,
+				struct rev_info *revs,
+				int argc, const char **argv, int *flags)
+{
+	const char *arg = argv[0];
+	const char *optarg;
+	int argcount;
+
+	/*
+	 * NOTE!
+	 *
+	 * Commands like "git shortlog" will not accept the options below
+	 * unless parse_revision_opt queues them (as opposed to erroring
+	 * out).
+	 *
+	 * When implementing your new pseudo-option, remember to
+	 * register it in the list at the top of handle_revision_opt.
+	 */
+	if (!strcmp(arg, "--all")) {
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags, for_each_ref_submodule);
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags, head_ref_submodule);
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--branches")) {
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags, for_each_branch_ref_submodule);
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--bisect")) {
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags, for_each_bad_bisect_ref);
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags ^ UNINTERESTING, for_each_good_bisect_ref);
+		revs->bisect = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--tags")) {
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags, for_each_tag_ref_submodule);
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--remotes")) {
+		handle_refs(submodule, revs, *flags, for_each_remote_ref_submodule);
+	} else if ((argcount = parse_long_opt("glob", argv, &optarg))) {
+		struct all_refs_cb cb;
+		init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, *flags);
+		for_each_glob_ref(handle_one_ref, optarg, &cb);
+		return argcount;
+	} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--branches=")) {
+		struct all_refs_cb cb;
+		init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, *flags);
+		for_each_glob_ref_in(handle_one_ref, arg + 11, "refs/heads/", &cb);
+	} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--tags=")) {
+		struct all_refs_cb cb;
+		init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, *flags);
+		for_each_glob_ref_in(handle_one_ref, arg + 7, "refs/tags/", &cb);
+	} else if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--remotes=")) {
+		struct all_refs_cb cb;
+		init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, *flags);
+		for_each_glob_ref_in(handle_one_ref, arg + 10, "refs/remotes/", &cb);
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--reflog")) {
+		handle_reflog(revs, *flags);
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--not")) {
+		*flags ^= UNINTERESTING;
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-walk")) {
+		revs->no_walk = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(arg, "--do-walk")) {
+		revs->no_walk = 0;
+	} else {
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
 /*
  * Parse revision information, filling in the "rev_info" structure,
  * and removing the used arguments from the argument list.
@@ -1509,8 +1597,6 @@
 	int i, flags, left, seen_dashdash, read_from_stdin, got_rev_arg = 0;
 	struct cmdline_pathspec prune_data;
 	const char *submodule = NULL;
-	const char *optarg;
-	int argcount;
 
 	memset(&prune_data, 0, sizeof(prune_data));
 	if (opt)
@@ -1538,70 +1624,14 @@
 		if (*arg == '-') {
 			int opts;
 
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--all")) {
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags, for_each_ref_submodule);
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags, head_ref_submodule);
+			opts = handle_revision_pseudo_opt(submodule,
+						revs, argc - i, argv + i,
+						&flags);
+			if (opts > 0) {
+				i += opts - 1;
 				continue;
 			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--branches")) {
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags, for_each_branch_ref_submodule);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--bisect")) {
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags, for_each_bad_bisect_ref);
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags ^ UNINTERESTING, for_each_good_bisect_ref);
-				revs->bisect = 1;
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--tags")) {
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags, for_each_tag_ref_submodule);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--remotes")) {
-				handle_refs(submodule, revs, flags, for_each_remote_ref_submodule);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if ((argcount = parse_long_opt("glob", argv + i, &optarg))) {
-				struct all_refs_cb cb;
-				i += argcount - 1;
-				init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, flags);
-				for_each_glob_ref(handle_one_ref, optarg, &cb);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--branches=")) {
-				struct all_refs_cb cb;
-				init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, flags);
-				for_each_glob_ref_in(handle_one_ref, arg + 11, "refs/heads/", &cb);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--tags=")) {
-				struct all_refs_cb cb;
-				init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, flags);
-				for_each_glob_ref_in(handle_one_ref, arg + 7, "refs/tags/", &cb);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--remotes=")) {
-				struct all_refs_cb cb;
-				init_all_refs_cb(&cb, revs, flags);
-				for_each_glob_ref_in(handle_one_ref, arg + 10, "refs/remotes/", &cb);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--reflog")) {
-				handle_reflog(revs, flags);
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--not")) {
-				flags ^= UNINTERESTING;
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-walk")) {
-				revs->no_walk = 1;
-				continue;
-			}
-			if (!strcmp(arg, "--do-walk")) {
-				revs->no_walk = 0;
-				continue;
-			}
+
 			if (!strcmp(arg, "--stdin")) {
 				if (revs->disable_stdin) {
 					argv[left++] = arg;
@@ -1645,6 +1675,20 @@
 	}
 
 	if (prune_data.nr) {
+		/*
+		 * If we need to introduce the magic "a lone ':' means no
+		 * pathspec whatsoever", here is the place to do so.
+		 *
+		 * if (prune_data.nr == 1 && !strcmp(prune_data[0], ":")) {
+		 *	prune_data.nr = 0;
+		 *	prune_data.alloc = 0;
+		 *	free(prune_data.path);
+		 *	prune_data.path = NULL;
+		 * } else {
+		 *	terminate prune_data.alloc with NULL and
+		 *	call init_pathspec() to set revs->prune_data here.
+		 * }
+		 */
 		ALLOC_GROW(prune_data.path, prune_data.nr+1, prune_data.alloc);
 		prune_data.path[prune_data.nr++] = NULL;
 		init_pathspec(&revs->prune_data,
diff --git a/revision.h b/revision.h
index 9fd8f30..3d64ada 100644
--- a/revision.h
+++ b/revision.h
@@ -36,7 +36,8 @@
 	const char *prefix;
 	const char *def;
 	struct pathspec prune_data;
-	unsigned int early_output;
+	unsigned int	early_output:1,
+			ignore_missing:1;
 
 	/* Traversal flags */
 	unsigned int	dense:1,
@@ -90,9 +91,11 @@
 			show_notes_given:1,
 			pretty_given:1,
 			abbrev_commit:1,
+			abbrev_commit_given:1,
 			use_terminator:1,
 			missing_newline:1,
-			date_mode_explicit:1;
+			date_mode_explicit:1,
+			preserve_subject:1;
 	unsigned int	disable_stdin:1;
 
 	enum date_mode date_mode;
@@ -141,6 +144,7 @@
 	/* commit counts */
 	int count_left;
 	int count_right;
+	int count_same;
 };
 
 #define REV_TREE_SAME		0
diff --git a/setup.c b/setup.c
index e7a3786..ce87900 100644
--- a/setup.c
+++ b/setup.c
@@ -85,8 +85,17 @@
 {
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	unsigned mode;
-	/* try a detailed diagnostic ... */
-	get_sha1_with_mode_1(arg, sha1, &mode, 0, prefix);
+
+	/*
+	 * Saying "'(icase)foo' does not exist in the index" when the
+	 * user gave us ":(icase)foo" is just stupid.  A magic pathspec
+	 * begins with a colon and is followed by a non-alnum; do not
+	 * let get_sha1_with_mode_1(only_to_die=1) to even trigger.
+	 */
+	if (!(arg[0] == ':' && !isalnum(arg[1])))
+		/* try a detailed diagnostic ... */
+		get_sha1_with_mode_1(arg, sha1, &mode, 1, prefix);
+
 	/* ... or fall back the most general message. */
 	die("ambiguous argument '%s': unknown revision or path not in the working tree.\n"
 	    "Use '--' to separate paths from revisions", arg);
@@ -126,6 +135,105 @@
 	    "Use '--' to separate filenames from revisions", arg);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Magic pathspec
+ *
+ * NEEDSWORK: These need to be moved to dir.h or even to a new
+ * pathspec.h when we restructure get_pathspec() users to use the
+ * "struct pathspec" interface.
+ *
+ * Possible future magic semantics include stuff like:
+ *
+ *	{ PATHSPEC_NOGLOB, '!', "noglob" },
+ *	{ PATHSPEC_ICASE, '\0', "icase" },
+ *	{ PATHSPEC_RECURSIVE, '*', "recursive" },
+ *	{ PATHSPEC_REGEXP, '\0', "regexp" },
+ *
+ */
+#define PATHSPEC_FROMTOP    (1<<0)
+
+static struct pathspec_magic {
+	unsigned bit;
+	char mnemonic; /* this cannot be ':'! */
+	const char *name;
+} pathspec_magic[] = {
+	{ PATHSPEC_FROMTOP, '/', "top" },
+};
+
+/*
+ * Take an element of a pathspec and check for magic signatures.
+ * Append the result to the prefix.
+ *
+ * For now, we only parse the syntax and throw out anything other than
+ * "top" magic.
+ *
+ * NEEDSWORK: This needs to be rewritten when we start migrating
+ * get_pathspec() users to use the "struct pathspec" interface.  For
+ * example, a pathspec element may be marked as case-insensitive, but
+ * the prefix part must always match literally, and a single stupid
+ * string cannot express such a case.
+ */
+static const char *prefix_pathspec(const char *prefix, int prefixlen, const char *elt)
+{
+	unsigned magic = 0;
+	const char *copyfrom = elt;
+	int i;
+
+	if (elt[0] != ':') {
+		; /* nothing to do */
+	} else if (elt[1] == '(') {
+		/* longhand */
+		const char *nextat;
+		for (copyfrom = elt + 2;
+		     *copyfrom && *copyfrom != ')';
+		     copyfrom = nextat) {
+			size_t len = strcspn(copyfrom, ",)");
+			if (copyfrom[len] == ')')
+				nextat = copyfrom + len;
+			else
+				nextat = copyfrom + len + 1;
+			if (!len)
+				continue;
+			for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pathspec_magic); i++)
+				if (strlen(pathspec_magic[i].name) == len &&
+				    !strncmp(pathspec_magic[i].name, copyfrom, len)) {
+					magic |= pathspec_magic[i].bit;
+					break;
+				}
+			if (ARRAY_SIZE(pathspec_magic) <= i)
+				die("Invalid pathspec magic '%.*s' in '%s'",
+				    (int) len, copyfrom, elt);
+		}
+		if (*copyfrom == ')')
+			copyfrom++;
+	} else {
+		/* shorthand */
+		for (copyfrom = elt + 1;
+		     *copyfrom && *copyfrom != ':';
+		     copyfrom++) {
+			char ch = *copyfrom;
+
+			if (!is_pathspec_magic(ch))
+				break;
+			for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pathspec_magic); i++)
+				if (pathspec_magic[i].mnemonic == ch) {
+					magic |= pathspec_magic[i].bit;
+					break;
+				}
+			if (ARRAY_SIZE(pathspec_magic) <= i)
+				die("Unimplemented pathspec magic '%c' in '%s'",
+				    ch, elt);
+		}
+		if (*copyfrom == ':')
+			copyfrom++;
+	}
+
+	if (magic & PATHSPEC_FROMTOP)
+		return xstrdup(copyfrom);
+	else
+		return prefix_path(prefix, prefixlen, copyfrom);
+}
+
 const char **get_pathspec(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec)
 {
 	const char *entry = *pathspec;
@@ -147,8 +255,7 @@
 	dst = pathspec;
 	prefixlen = prefix ? strlen(prefix) : 0;
 	while (*src) {
-		const char *p = prefix_path(prefix, prefixlen, *src);
-		*(dst++) = p;
+		*(dst++) = prefix_pathspec(prefix, prefixlen, *src);
 		src++;
 	}
 	*dst = NULL;
@@ -325,6 +432,7 @@
 	const char *work_tree_env = getenv(GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT);
 	const char *worktree;
 	char *gitfile;
+	int offset;
 
 	if (PATH_MAX - 40 < strlen(gitdirenv))
 		die("'$%s' too big", GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT);
@@ -390,15 +498,15 @@
 		return NULL;
 	}
 
-	if (!prefixcmp(cwd, worktree) &&
-	    cwd[strlen(worktree)] == '/') { /* cwd inside worktree */
+	offset = dir_inside_of(cwd, worktree);
+	if (offset >= 0) {	/* cwd inside worktree? */
 		set_git_dir(real_path(gitdirenv));
 		if (chdir(worktree))
 			die_errno("Could not chdir to '%s'", worktree);
 		cwd[len++] = '/';
 		cwd[len] = '\0';
 		free(gitfile);
-		return cwd + strlen(worktree) + 1;
+		return cwd + offset;
 	}
 
 	/* cwd outside worktree */
diff --git a/sh-i18n--envsubst.c b/sh-i18n--envsubst.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2eb0ee4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sh-i18n--envsubst.c
@@ -0,0 +1,444 @@
+/*
+ * sh-i18n--envsubst.c - a stripped-down version of gettext's envsubst(1)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
+ *
+ * This is a modified version of
+ * 67d0871a8c:gettext-runtime/src/envsubst.c from the gettext.git
+ * repository. It has been stripped down to only implement the
+ * envsubst(1) features that we need in the git-sh-i18n fallbacks.
+ *
+ * The "Close standard error" part in main() is from
+ * 8dac033df0:gnulib-local/lib/closeout.c. The copyright notices for
+ * both files are reproduced immediately below.
+ */
+
+#include "git-compat-util.h"
+
+/* Substitution of environment variables in shell format strings.
+   Copyright (C) 2003-2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   Written by Bruno Haible <bruno@clisp.org>, 2003.
+
+   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
+   any later version.
+
+   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+   GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */
+
+/* closeout.c - close standard output and standard error
+   Copyright (C) 1998-2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
+   any later version.
+
+   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+   GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+/* If true, substitution shall be performed on all variables.  */
+static unsigned short int all_variables;
+
+/* Forward declaration of local functions.  */
+static void print_variables (const char *string);
+static void note_variables (const char *string);
+static void subst_from_stdin (void);
+
+int
+main (int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+  /* Default values for command line options.  */
+  /* unsigned short int show_variables = 0; */
+
+  switch (argc)
+	{
+	case 1:
+	  error ("we won't substitute all variables on stdin for you");
+	  /*
+	  all_variables = 1;
+      subst_from_stdin ();
+	  */
+	case 2:
+	  /* echo '$foo and $bar' | git sh-i18n--envsubst --variables '$foo and $bar' */
+	  all_variables = 0;
+	  note_variables (argv[1]);
+      subst_from_stdin ();
+	  break;
+	case 3:
+	  /* git sh-i18n--envsubst --variables '$foo and $bar' */
+	  if (strcmp(argv[1], "--variables"))
+		error ("first argument must be --variables when two are given");
+	  /* show_variables = 1; */
+      print_variables (argv[2]);
+	  break;
+	default:
+	  error ("too many arguments");
+	  break;
+	}
+
+  /* Close standard error.  This is simpler than fwriteerror_no_ebadf, because
+     upon failure we don't need an errno - all we can do at this point is to
+     set an exit status.  */
+  errno = 0;
+  if (ferror (stderr) || fflush (stderr))
+    {
+      fclose (stderr);
+      exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+  if (fclose (stderr) && errno != EBADF)
+    exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+
+  exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
+}
+
+/* Parse the string and invoke the callback each time a $VARIABLE or
+   ${VARIABLE} construct is seen, where VARIABLE is a nonempty sequence
+   of ASCII alphanumeric/underscore characters, starting with an ASCII
+   alphabetic/underscore character.
+   We allow only ASCII characters, to avoid dependencies w.r.t. the current
+   encoding: While "${\xe0}" looks like a variable access in ISO-8859-1
+   encoding, it doesn't look like one in the BIG5, BIG5-HKSCS, GBK, GB18030,
+   SHIFT_JIS, JOHAB encodings, because \xe0\x7d is a single character in these
+   encodings.  */
+static void
+find_variables (const char *string,
+		void (*callback) (const char *var_ptr, size_t var_len))
+{
+  for (; *string != '\0';)
+    if (*string++ == '$')
+      {
+	const char *variable_start;
+	const char *variable_end;
+	unsigned short int valid;
+	char c;
+
+	if (*string == '{')
+	  string++;
+
+	variable_start = string;
+	c = *string;
+	if ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') || c == '_')
+	  {
+	    do
+	      c = *++string;
+	    while ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z')
+		   || (c >= '0' && c <= '9') || c == '_');
+	    variable_end = string;
+
+	    if (variable_start[-1] == '{')
+	      {
+		if (*string == '}')
+		  {
+		    string++;
+		    valid = 1;
+		  }
+		else
+		  valid = 0;
+	      }
+	    else
+	      valid = 1;
+
+	    if (valid)
+	      callback (variable_start, variable_end - variable_start);
+	  }
+      }
+}
+
+
+/* Print a variable to stdout, followed by a newline.  */
+static void
+print_variable (const char *var_ptr, size_t var_len)
+{
+  fwrite (var_ptr, var_len, 1, stdout);
+  putchar ('\n');
+}
+
+/* Print the variables contained in STRING to stdout, each one followed by a
+   newline.  */
+static void
+print_variables (const char *string)
+{
+  find_variables (string, &print_variable);
+}
+
+
+/* Type describing list of immutable strings,
+   implemented using a dynamic array.  */
+typedef struct string_list_ty string_list_ty;
+struct string_list_ty
+{
+  const char **item;
+  size_t nitems;
+  size_t nitems_max;
+};
+
+/* Initialize an empty list of strings.  */
+static inline void
+string_list_init (string_list_ty *slp)
+{
+  slp->item = NULL;
+  slp->nitems = 0;
+  slp->nitems_max = 0;
+}
+
+/* Append a single string to the end of a list of strings.  */
+static inline void
+string_list_append (string_list_ty *slp, const char *s)
+{
+  /* Grow the list.  */
+  if (slp->nitems >= slp->nitems_max)
+    {
+      size_t nbytes;
+
+      slp->nitems_max = slp->nitems_max * 2 + 4;
+      nbytes = slp->nitems_max * sizeof (slp->item[0]);
+      slp->item = (const char **) xrealloc (slp->item, nbytes);
+    }
+
+  /* Add the string to the end of the list.  */
+  slp->item[slp->nitems++] = s;
+}
+
+/* Compare two strings given by reference.  */
+static int
+cmp_string (const void *pstr1, const void *pstr2)
+{
+  const char *str1 = *(const char **)pstr1;
+  const char *str2 = *(const char **)pstr2;
+
+  return strcmp (str1, str2);
+}
+
+/* Sort a list of strings.  */
+static inline void
+string_list_sort (string_list_ty *slp)
+{
+  if (slp->nitems > 0)
+    qsort (slp->item, slp->nitems, sizeof (slp->item[0]), cmp_string);
+}
+
+/* Test whether a string list contains a given string.  */
+static inline int
+string_list_member (const string_list_ty *slp, const char *s)
+{
+  size_t j;
+
+  for (j = 0; j < slp->nitems; ++j)
+    if (strcmp (slp->item[j], s) == 0)
+      return 1;
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/* Test whether a sorted string list contains a given string.  */
+static int
+sorted_string_list_member (const string_list_ty *slp, const char *s)
+{
+  size_t j1, j2;
+
+  j1 = 0;
+  j2 = slp->nitems;
+  if (j2 > 0)
+    {
+      /* Binary search.  */
+      while (j2 - j1 > 1)
+	{
+	  /* Here we know that if s is in the list, it is at an index j
+	     with j1 <= j < j2.  */
+	  size_t j = (j1 + j2) >> 1;
+	  int result = strcmp (slp->item[j], s);
+
+	  if (result > 0)
+	    j2 = j;
+	  else if (result == 0)
+	    return 1;
+	  else
+	    j1 = j + 1;
+	}
+      if (j2 > j1)
+	if (strcmp (slp->item[j1], s) == 0)
+	  return 1;
+    }
+  return 0;
+}
+
+
+/* Set of variables on which to perform substitution.
+   Used only if !all_variables.  */
+static string_list_ty variables_set;
+
+/* Adds a variable to variables_set.  */
+static void
+note_variable (const char *var_ptr, size_t var_len)
+{
+  char *string = xmalloc (var_len + 1);
+  memcpy (string, var_ptr, var_len);
+  string[var_len] = '\0';
+
+  string_list_append (&variables_set, string);
+}
+
+/* Stores the variables occurring in the string in variables_set.  */
+static void
+note_variables (const char *string)
+{
+  string_list_init (&variables_set);
+  find_variables (string, &note_variable);
+  string_list_sort (&variables_set);
+}
+
+
+static int
+do_getc (void)
+{
+  int c = getc (stdin);
+
+  if (c == EOF)
+    {
+      if (ferror (stdin))
+	error ("error while reading standard input");
+    }
+
+  return c;
+}
+
+static inline void
+do_ungetc (int c)
+{
+  if (c != EOF)
+    ungetc (c, stdin);
+}
+
+/* Copies stdin to stdout, performing substitutions.  */
+static void
+subst_from_stdin (void)
+{
+  static char *buffer;
+  static size_t bufmax;
+  static size_t buflen;
+  int c;
+
+  for (;;)
+    {
+      c = do_getc ();
+      if (c == EOF)
+	break;
+      /* Look for $VARIABLE or ${VARIABLE}.  */
+      if (c == '$')
+	{
+	  unsigned short int opening_brace = 0;
+	  unsigned short int closing_brace = 0;
+
+	  c = do_getc ();
+	  if (c == '{')
+	    {
+	      opening_brace = 1;
+	      c = do_getc ();
+	    }
+	  if ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') || c == '_')
+	    {
+	      unsigned short int valid;
+
+	      /* Accumulate the VARIABLE in buffer.  */
+	      buflen = 0;
+	      do
+		{
+		  if (buflen >= bufmax)
+		    {
+		      bufmax = 2 * bufmax + 10;
+		      buffer = xrealloc (buffer, bufmax);
+		    }
+		  buffer[buflen++] = c;
+
+		  c = do_getc ();
+		}
+	      while ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z')
+		     || (c >= '0' && c <= '9') || c == '_');
+
+	      if (opening_brace)
+		{
+		  if (c == '}')
+		    {
+		      closing_brace = 1;
+		      valid = 1;
+		    }
+		  else
+		    {
+		      valid = 0;
+		      do_ungetc (c);
+		    }
+		}
+	      else
+		{
+		  valid = 1;
+		  do_ungetc (c);
+		}
+
+	      if (valid)
+		{
+		  /* Terminate the variable in the buffer.  */
+		  if (buflen >= bufmax)
+		    {
+		      bufmax = 2 * bufmax + 10;
+		      buffer = xrealloc (buffer, bufmax);
+		    }
+		  buffer[buflen] = '\0';
+
+		  /* Test whether the variable shall be substituted.  */
+		  if (!all_variables
+		      && !sorted_string_list_member (&variables_set, buffer))
+		    valid = 0;
+		}
+
+	      if (valid)
+		{
+		  /* Substitute the variable's value from the environment.  */
+		  const char *env_value = getenv (buffer);
+
+		  if (env_value != NULL)
+		    fputs (env_value, stdout);
+		}
+	      else
+		{
+		  /* Perform no substitution at all.  Since the buffered input
+		     contains no other '$' than at the start, we can just
+		     output all the buffered contents.  */
+		  putchar ('$');
+		  if (opening_brace)
+		    putchar ('{');
+		  fwrite (buffer, buflen, 1, stdout);
+		  if (closing_brace)
+		    putchar ('}');
+		}
+	    }
+	  else
+	    {
+	      do_ungetc (c);
+	      putchar ('$');
+	      if (opening_brace)
+		putchar ('{');
+	    }
+	}
+      else
+	putchar (c);
+    }
+}
diff --git a/sha1-array.c b/sha1-array.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b2f47f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sha1-array.c
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "sha1-array.h"
+#include "sha1-lookup.h"
+
+void sha1_array_append(struct sha1_array *array, const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	ALLOC_GROW(array->sha1, array->nr + 1, array->alloc);
+	hashcpy(array->sha1[array->nr++], sha1);
+	array->sorted = 0;
+}
+
+static int void_hashcmp(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+	return hashcmp(a, b);
+}
+
+void sha1_array_sort(struct sha1_array *array)
+{
+	qsort(array->sha1, array->nr, sizeof(*array->sha1), void_hashcmp);
+	array->sorted = 1;
+}
+
+static const unsigned char *sha1_access(size_t index, void *table)
+{
+	unsigned char (*array)[20] = table;
+	return array[index];
+}
+
+int sha1_array_lookup(struct sha1_array *array, const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	if (!array->sorted)
+		sha1_array_sort(array);
+	return sha1_pos(sha1, array->sha1, array->nr, sha1_access);
+}
+
+void sha1_array_clear(struct sha1_array *array)
+{
+	free(array->sha1);
+	array->sha1 = NULL;
+	array->nr = 0;
+	array->alloc = 0;
+	array->sorted = 0;
+}
+
+void sha1_array_for_each_unique(struct sha1_array *array,
+				for_each_sha1_fn fn,
+				void *data)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	if (!array->sorted)
+		sha1_array_sort(array);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < array->nr; i++) {
+		if (i > 0 && !hashcmp(array->sha1[i], array->sha1[i-1]))
+			continue;
+		fn(array->sha1[i], data);
+	}
+}
diff --git a/sha1-array.h b/sha1-array.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4499b5d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sha1-array.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+#ifndef SHA1_ARRAY_H
+#define SHA1_ARRAY_H
+
+struct sha1_array {
+	unsigned char (*sha1)[20];
+	int nr;
+	int alloc;
+	int sorted;
+};
+
+#define SHA1_ARRAY_INIT { NULL, 0, 0, 0 }
+
+void sha1_array_append(struct sha1_array *array, const unsigned char *sha1);
+void sha1_array_sort(struct sha1_array *array);
+int sha1_array_lookup(struct sha1_array *array, const unsigned char *sha1);
+void sha1_array_clear(struct sha1_array *array);
+
+typedef void (*for_each_sha1_fn)(const unsigned char sha1[20],
+				 void *data);
+void sha1_array_for_each_unique(struct sha1_array *array,
+				for_each_sha1_fn fn,
+				void *data);
+
+#endif /* SHA1_ARRAY_H */
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index 1a7e410..064a330 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
 #include "pack.h"
 #include "blob.h"
 #include "commit.h"
+#include "run-command.h"
 #include "tag.h"
 #include "tree.h"
 #include "tree-walk.h"
@@ -2205,23 +2206,21 @@
  * deal with them should arrange to call read_object() and give error
  * messages themselves.
  */
-void *read_sha1_file_repl(const unsigned char *sha1,
-			  enum object_type *type,
-			  unsigned long *size,
-			  const unsigned char **replacement)
+void *read_sha1_file_extended(const unsigned char *sha1,
+			      enum object_type *type,
+			      unsigned long *size,
+			      unsigned flag)
 {
-	const unsigned char *repl = lookup_replace_object(sha1);
 	void *data;
 	char *path;
 	const struct packed_git *p;
+	const unsigned char *repl = (flag & READ_SHA1_FILE_REPLACE)
+		? lookup_replace_object(sha1) : sha1;
 
 	errno = 0;
 	data = read_object(repl, type, size);
-	if (data) {
-		if (replacement)
-			*replacement = repl;
+	if (data)
 		return data;
-	}
 
 	if (errno && errno != ENOENT)
 		die_errno("failed to read object %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
@@ -2580,10 +2579,11 @@
 }
 
 static int index_mem(unsigned char *sha1, void *buf, size_t size,
-		     int write_object, enum object_type type,
-		     const char *path, int format_check)
+		     enum object_type type,
+		     const char *path, unsigned flags)
 {
 	int ret, re_allocated = 0;
+	int write_object = flags & HASH_WRITE_OBJECT;
 
 	if (!type)
 		type = OBJ_BLOB;
@@ -2599,7 +2599,7 @@
 			re_allocated = 1;
 		}
 	}
-	if (format_check) {
+	if (flags & HASH_FORMAT_CHECK) {
 		if (type == OBJ_TREE)
 			check_tree(buf, size);
 		if (type == OBJ_COMMIT)
@@ -2617,44 +2617,141 @@
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int index_pipe(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, enum object_type type,
+		      const char *path, unsigned flags)
+{
+	struct strbuf sbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (strbuf_read(&sbuf, fd, 4096) >= 0)
+		ret = index_mem(sha1, sbuf.buf, sbuf.len, type,	path, flags);
+	else
+		ret = -1;
+	strbuf_release(&sbuf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 #define SMALL_FILE_SIZE (32*1024)
 
-int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st, int write_object,
-	     enum object_type type, const char *path, int format_check)
+static int index_core(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, size_t size,
+		      enum object_type type, const char *path,
+		      unsigned flags)
 {
 	int ret;
-	size_t size = xsize_t(st->st_size);
 
-	if (!S_ISREG(st->st_mode)) {
-		struct strbuf sbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
-		if (strbuf_read(&sbuf, fd, 4096) >= 0)
-			ret = index_mem(sha1, sbuf.buf, sbuf.len, write_object,
-					type, path, format_check);
-		else
-			ret = -1;
-		strbuf_release(&sbuf);
-	} else if (!size) {
-		ret = index_mem(sha1, NULL, size, write_object, type, path,
-				format_check);
+	if (!size) {
+		ret = index_mem(sha1, NULL, size, type, path, flags);
 	} else if (size <= SMALL_FILE_SIZE) {
 		char *buf = xmalloc(size);
 		if (size == read_in_full(fd, buf, size))
-			ret = index_mem(sha1, buf, size, write_object, type,
-					path, format_check);
+			ret = index_mem(sha1, buf, size, type, path, flags);
 		else
 			ret = error("short read %s", strerror(errno));
 		free(buf);
 	} else {
 		void *buf = xmmap(NULL, size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
-		ret = index_mem(sha1, buf, size, write_object, type, path,
-				format_check);
+		ret = index_mem(sha1, buf, size, type, path, flags);
 		munmap(buf, size);
 	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This creates one packfile per large blob, because the caller
+ * immediately wants the result sha1, and fast-import can report the
+ * object name via marks mechanism only by closing the created
+ * packfile.
+ *
+ * This also bypasses the usual "convert-to-git" dance, and that is on
+ * purpose. We could write a streaming version of the converting
+ * functions and insert that before feeding the data to fast-import
+ * (or equivalent in-core API described above), but the primary
+ * motivation for trying to stream from the working tree file and to
+ * avoid mmaping it in core is to deal with large binary blobs, and
+ * by definition they do _not_ want to get any conversion.
+ */
+static int index_stream(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, size_t size,
+			enum object_type type, const char *path,
+			unsigned flags)
+{
+	struct child_process fast_import;
+	char export_marks[512];
+	const char *argv[] = { "fast-import", "--quiet", export_marks, NULL };
+	char tmpfile[512];
+	char fast_import_cmd[512];
+	char buf[512];
+	int len, tmpfd;
+
+	strcpy(tmpfile, git_path("hashstream_XXXXXX"));
+	tmpfd = git_mkstemp_mode(tmpfile, 0600);
+	if (tmpfd < 0)
+		die_errno("cannot create tempfile: %s", tmpfile);
+	if (close(tmpfd))
+		die_errno("cannot close tempfile: %s", tmpfile);
+	sprintf(export_marks, "--export-marks=%s", tmpfile);
+
+	memset(&fast_import, 0, sizeof(fast_import));
+	fast_import.in = -1;
+	fast_import.argv = argv;
+	fast_import.git_cmd = 1;
+	if (start_command(&fast_import))
+		die_errno("index-stream: git fast-import failed");
+
+	len = sprintf(fast_import_cmd, "blob\nmark :1\ndata %lu\n",
+		      (unsigned long) size);
+	write_or_whine(fast_import.in, fast_import_cmd, len,
+		       "index-stream: feeding fast-import");
+	while (size) {
+		char buf[10240];
+		size_t sz = size < sizeof(buf) ? size : sizeof(buf);
+		size_t actual;
+
+		actual = read_in_full(fd, buf, sz);
+		if (actual < 0)
+			die_errno("index-stream: reading input");
+		if (write_in_full(fast_import.in, buf, actual) != actual)
+			die_errno("index-stream: feeding fast-import");
+		size -= actual;
+	}
+	if (close(fast_import.in))
+		die_errno("index-stream: closing fast-import");
+	if (finish_command(&fast_import))
+		die_errno("index-stream: finishing fast-import");
+
+	tmpfd = open(tmpfile, O_RDONLY);
+	if (tmpfd < 0)
+		die_errno("index-stream: cannot open fast-import mark");
+	len = read(tmpfd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+	if (len < 0)
+		die_errno("index-stream: reading fast-import mark");
+	if (close(tmpfd) < 0)
+		die_errno("index-stream: closing fast-import mark");
+	if (unlink(tmpfile))
+		die_errno("index-stream: unlinking fast-import mark");
+	if (len != 44 ||
+	    memcmp(":1 ", buf, 3) ||
+	    get_sha1_hex(buf + 3, sha1))
+		die_errno("index-stream: unexpected fast-import mark: <%s>", buf);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st,
+	     enum object_type type, const char *path, unsigned flags)
+{
+	int ret;
+	size_t size = xsize_t(st->st_size);
+
+	if (!S_ISREG(st->st_mode))
+		ret = index_pipe(sha1, fd, type, path, flags);
+	else if (size <= big_file_threshold || type != OBJ_BLOB)
+		ret = index_core(sha1, fd, size, type, path, flags);
+	else
+		ret = index_stream(sha1, fd, size, type, path, flags);
 	close(fd);
 	return ret;
 }
 
-int index_path(unsigned char *sha1, const char *path, struct stat *st, int write_object)
+int index_path(unsigned char *sha1, const char *path, struct stat *st, unsigned flags)
 {
 	int fd;
 	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
@@ -2665,7 +2762,7 @@
 		if (fd < 0)
 			return error("open(\"%s\"): %s", path,
 				     strerror(errno));
-		if (index_fd(sha1, fd, st, write_object, OBJ_BLOB, path, 0) < 0)
+		if (index_fd(sha1, fd, st, OBJ_BLOB, path, flags) < 0)
 			return error("%s: failed to insert into database",
 				     path);
 		break;
@@ -2675,7 +2772,7 @@
 			return error("readlink(\"%s\"): %s", path,
 			             errstr);
 		}
-		if (!write_object)
+		if (!(flags & HASH_WRITE_OBJECT))
 			hash_sha1_file(sb.buf, sb.len, blob_type, sha1);
 		else if (write_sha1_file(sb.buf, sb.len, blob_type, sha1))
 			return error("%s: failed to insert into database",
diff --git a/sha1_name.c b/sha1_name.c
index 69cd6c8..ff5992a 100644
--- a/sha1_name.c
+++ b/sha1_name.c
@@ -1083,11 +1083,12 @@
 }
 
 
-int get_sha1_with_mode_1(const char *name, unsigned char *sha1, unsigned *mode, int gently, const char *prefix)
+int get_sha1_with_mode_1(const char *name, unsigned char *sha1, unsigned *mode,
+			 int only_to_die, const char *prefix)
 {
 	struct object_context oc;
 	int ret;
-	ret = get_sha1_with_context_1(name, sha1, &oc, gently, prefix);
+	ret = get_sha1_with_context_1(name, sha1, &oc, only_to_die, prefix);
 	*mode = oc.mode;
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -1111,7 +1112,7 @@
 
 int get_sha1_with_context_1(const char *name, unsigned char *sha1,
 			    struct object_context *oc,
-			    int gently, const char *prefix)
+			    int only_to_die, const char *prefix)
 {
 	int ret, bracket_depth;
 	int namelen = strlen(name);
@@ -1133,7 +1134,7 @@
 		struct cache_entry *ce;
 		char *new_path = NULL;
 		int pos;
-		if (namelen > 2 && name[1] == '/') {
+		if (!only_to_die && namelen > 2 && name[1] == '/') {
 			struct commit_list *list = NULL;
 			for_each_ref(handle_one_ref, &list);
 			return get_sha1_oneline(name + 2, sha1, list);
@@ -1176,7 +1177,7 @@
 			}
 			pos++;
 		}
-		if (!gently)
+		if (only_to_die && name[1] && name[1] != '/')
 			diagnose_invalid_index_path(stage, prefix, cp);
 		free(new_path);
 		return -1;
@@ -1192,7 +1193,7 @@
 	if (*cp == ':') {
 		unsigned char tree_sha1[20];
 		char *object_name = NULL;
-		if (!gently) {
+		if (only_to_die) {
 			object_name = xmalloc(cp-name+1);
 			strncpy(object_name, name, cp-name);
 			object_name[cp-name] = '\0';
@@ -1205,7 +1206,7 @@
 			if (new_filename)
 				filename = new_filename;
 			ret = get_tree_entry(tree_sha1, filename, sha1, &oc->mode);
-			if (!gently) {
+			if (only_to_die) {
 				diagnose_invalid_sha1_path(prefix, filename,
 							   tree_sha1, object_name);
 				free(object_name);
@@ -1218,7 +1219,7 @@
 			free(new_filename);
 			return ret;
 		} else {
-			if (!gently)
+			if (only_to_die)
 				die("Invalid object name '%s'.", object_name);
 		}
 	}
diff --git a/strbuf.c b/strbuf.c
index 77444a9..09c43ae 100644
--- a/strbuf.c
+++ b/strbuf.c
@@ -30,8 +30,10 @@
 {
 	sb->alloc = sb->len = 0;
 	sb->buf = strbuf_slopbuf;
-	if (hint)
+	if (hint) {
 		strbuf_grow(sb, hint);
+		sb->buf[0] = '\0';
+	}
 }
 
 void strbuf_release(struct strbuf *sb)
diff --git a/strbuf.h b/strbuf.h
index 07060ce..9e6d9fa 100644
--- a/strbuf.h
+++ b/strbuf.h
@@ -3,8 +3,6 @@
 
 /* See Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt */
 
-#include <assert.h>
-
 extern char strbuf_slopbuf[];
 struct strbuf {
 	size_t alloc;
@@ -33,9 +31,8 @@
 extern void strbuf_grow(struct strbuf *, size_t);
 
 static inline void strbuf_setlen(struct strbuf *sb, size_t len) {
-	if (!sb->alloc)
-		strbuf_grow(sb, 0);
-	assert(len < sb->alloc);
+	if (len > (sb->alloc ? sb->alloc - 1 : 0))
+		die("BUG: strbuf_setlen() beyond buffer");
 	sb->len = len;
 	sb->buf[len] = '\0';
 }
diff --git a/submodule.c b/submodule.c
index 5294cef..b6dec70 100644
--- a/submodule.c
+++ b/submodule.c
@@ -14,6 +14,15 @@
 static struct string_list config_ignore_for_name;
 static int config_fetch_recurse_submodules = RECURSE_SUBMODULES_ON_DEMAND;
 static struct string_list changed_submodule_paths;
+/*
+ * The following flag is set if the .gitmodules file is unmerged. We then
+ * disable recursion for all submodules where .git/config doesn't have a
+ * matching config entry because we can't guess what might be configured in
+ * .gitmodules unless the user resolves the conflict. When a command line
+ * option is given (which always overrides configuration) this flag will be
+ * ignored.
+ */
+static int gitmodules_is_unmerged;
 
 static int add_submodule_odb(const char *path)
 {
@@ -63,6 +72,8 @@
 		ignore_option = unsorted_string_list_lookup(&config_ignore_for_name, path_option->util);
 		if (ignore_option)
 			handle_ignore_submodules_arg(diffopt, ignore_option->util);
+		else if (gitmodules_is_unmerged)
+			DIFF_OPT_SET(diffopt, IGNORE_SUBMODULES);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -82,9 +93,24 @@
 	const char *work_tree = get_git_work_tree();
 	if (work_tree) {
 		struct strbuf gitmodules_path = STRBUF_INIT;
+		int pos;
 		strbuf_addstr(&gitmodules_path, work_tree);
 		strbuf_addstr(&gitmodules_path, "/.gitmodules");
-		git_config_from_file(submodule_config, gitmodules_path.buf, NULL);
+		if (read_cache() < 0)
+			die("index file corrupt");
+		pos = cache_name_pos(".gitmodules", 11);
+		if (pos < 0) { /* .gitmodules not found or isn't merged */
+			pos = -1 - pos;
+			if (active_nr > pos) {  /* there is a .gitmodules */
+				const struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos];
+				if (ce_namelen(ce) == 11 &&
+				    !memcmp(ce->name, ".gitmodules", 11))
+					gitmodules_is_unmerged = 1;
+			}
+		}
+
+		if (!gitmodules_is_unmerged)
+			git_config_from_file(submodule_config, gitmodules_path.buf, NULL);
 		strbuf_release(&gitmodules_path);
 	}
 }
@@ -434,7 +460,8 @@
 					default_argv = "on-demand";
 				}
 			} else {
-				if (config_fetch_recurse_submodules == RECURSE_SUBMODULES_OFF)
+				if ((config_fetch_recurse_submodules == RECURSE_SUBMODULES_OFF) ||
+				    gitmodules_is_unmerged)
 					continue;
 				if (config_fetch_recurse_submodules == RECURSE_SUBMODULES_ON_DEMAND) {
 					if (!unsorted_string_list_lookup(&changed_submodule_paths, ce->name))
diff --git a/t/README b/t/README
index cad36dd..c85abaf 100644
--- a/t/README
+++ b/t/README
@@ -588,6 +588,11 @@
    Test is not run by root user, and an attempt to write to an
    unwritable file is expected to fail correctly.
 
+ - LIBPCRE
+
+   Git was compiled with USE_LIBPCRE=YesPlease. Wrap any tests
+   that use git-grep --perl-regexp or git-grep -P in these.
+
 Tips for Writing Tests
 ----------------------
 
diff --git a/t/lib-read-tree.sh b/t/lib-read-tree.sh
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..abc2c6f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/lib-read-tree.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Helper functions to check if read-tree would succeed/fail as expected with
+# and without the dry-run option. They also test that the dry-run does not
+# write the index and that together with -u it doesn't touch the work tree.
+#
+read_tree_must_succeed () {
+    git ls-files -s >pre-dry-run &&
+    git read-tree -n "$@" &&
+    git ls-files -s >post-dry-run &&
+    test_cmp pre-dry-run post-dry-run &&
+    git read-tree "$@"
+}
+
+read_tree_must_fail () {
+    git ls-files -s >pre-dry-run &&
+    test_must_fail git read-tree -n "$@" &&
+    git ls-files -s >post-dry-run &&
+    test_cmp pre-dry-run post-dry-run &&
+    test_must_fail git read-tree "$@"
+}
+
+read_tree_u_must_succeed () {
+    git ls-files -s >pre-dry-run &&
+    git diff-files -p >pre-dry-run-wt &&
+    git read-tree -n "$@" &&
+    git ls-files -s >post-dry-run &&
+    git diff-files -p >post-dry-run-wt &&
+    test_cmp pre-dry-run post-dry-run &&
+    test_cmp pre-dry-run-wt post-dry-run-wt &&
+    git read-tree "$@"
+}
+
+read_tree_u_must_fail () {
+    git ls-files -s >pre-dry-run &&
+    git diff-files -p >pre-dry-run-wt &&
+    test_must_fail git read-tree -n "$@" &&
+    git ls-files -s >post-dry-run &&
+    git diff-files -p >post-dry-run-wt &&
+    test_cmp pre-dry-run post-dry-run &&
+    test_cmp pre-dry-run-wt post-dry-run-wt &&
+    test_must_fail git read-tree "$@"
+}
diff --git a/t/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh b/t/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..54d98b9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2010 Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
+#
+
+test_description='Gettext Shell fallbacks'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+. "$GIT_BUILD_DIR"/git-sh-i18n
+
+test_expect_success 'gettext: our gettext() fallback has pass-through semantics' '
+    printf "test" >expect &&
+    gettext "test" >actual &&
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual &&
+    printf "test more words" >expect &&
+    gettext "test more words" >actual &&
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback has pass-through semantics' '
+    printf "test" >expect &&
+    eval_gettext "test" >actual &&
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual &&
+    printf "test more words" >expect &&
+    eval_gettext "test more words" >actual &&
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback can interpolate variables' '
+    printf "test YesPlease" >expect &&
+    GIT_INTERNAL_GETTEXT_TEST_FALLBACKS=YesPlease eval_gettext "test \$GIT_INTERNAL_GETTEXT_TEST_FALLBACKS" >actual &&
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback can interpolate variables with spaces' '
+    cmdline="git am" &&
+    export cmdline;
+    printf "When you have resolved this problem run git am --resolved." >expect &&
+    eval_gettext "When you have resolved this problem run \$cmdline --resolved." >actual
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback can interpolate variables with spaces and quotes' '
+    cmdline="git am" &&
+    export cmdline;
+    printf "When you have resolved this problem run \"git am --resolved\"." >expect &&
+    eval_gettext "When you have resolved this problem run \"\$cmdline --resolved\"." >actual
+    test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_done
diff --git a/t/t1000-read-tree-m-3way.sh b/t/t1000-read-tree-m-3way.sh
index ca8a409..babcdd2 100755
--- a/t/t1000-read-tree-m-3way.sh
+++ b/t/t1000-read-tree-m-3way.sh
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@
 
 '
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 . "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree-m-3way.sh
 
 ################################################################
@@ -137,7 +138,7 @@
     '3-way merge with git read-tree -m, empty cache' \
     "rm -fr [NDMALTS][NDMALTSF] Z &&
      rm .git/index &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 # This starts out with the first head, which is the normal
@@ -146,9 +147,9 @@
     '3-way merge with git read-tree -m, match H' \
     "rm -fr [NDMALTS][NDMALTSF] Z &&
      rm .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $tree_A &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $tree_A &&
      git checkout-index -f -u -a &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 : <<\END_OF_CASE_TABLE
@@ -211,7 +212,7 @@
      rm -f .git/index XX &&
      echo XX >XX &&
      git update-index --add XX &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -219,7 +220,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index NA &&
      cp .orig-B/NA NA &&
      git update-index --add NA &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B"
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B"
 
 test_expect_success \
     '2 - matching B alone is OK in !O && !A && B case.' \
@@ -227,14 +228,14 @@
      cp .orig-B/NA NA &&
      git update-index --add NA &&
      echo extra >>NA &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B"
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B"
 
 test_expect_success \
     '3 - must match A in !O && A && !B case.' \
     "rm -f .git/index AN &&
      cp .orig-A/AN AN &&
      git update-index --add AN &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -243,7 +244,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/AN AN &&
      git update-index --add AN &&
      echo extra >>AN &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B"
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B"
 
 test_expect_success \
     '3 (fail) - must match A in !O && A && !B case.' "
@@ -251,7 +252,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/AN AN &&
      echo extra >>AN &&
      git update-index --add AN &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -259,7 +260,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index AA &&
      cp .orig-A/AA AA &&
      git update-index --add AA &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -268,7 +269,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/AA AA &&
      git update-index --add AA &&
      echo extra >>AA &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -277,7 +278,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/AA AA &&
      echo extra >>AA &&
      git update-index --add AA &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -285,7 +286,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index LL &&
      cp .orig-A/LL LL &&
      git update-index --add LL &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -294,7 +295,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/LL LL &&
      git update-index --add LL &&
      echo extra >>LL &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -303,7 +304,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/LL LL &&
      echo extra >>LL &&
      git update-index --add LL &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -311,7 +312,7 @@
      rm -f .git/index DD &&
      echo DD >DD &&
      git update-index --add DD &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -319,7 +320,7 @@
      rm -f .git/index DM &&
      cp .orig-B/DM DM &&
      git update-index --add DM &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -327,7 +328,7 @@
      rm -f .git/index DN &&
      cp .orig-B/DN DN &&
      git update-index --add DN &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -335,7 +336,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index MD &&
      cp .orig-A/MD MD &&
      git update-index --add MD &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -344,7 +345,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/MD MD &&
      git update-index --add MD &&
      echo extra >>MD &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -353,7 +354,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/MD MD &&
      echo extra >>MD &&
      git update-index --add MD &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -361,7 +362,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index ND &&
      cp .orig-A/ND ND &&
      git update-index --add ND &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -370,7 +371,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/ND ND &&
      git update-index --add ND &&
      echo extra >>ND &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -379,7 +380,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/ND ND &&
      echo extra >>ND &&
      git update-index --add ND &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -387,7 +388,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index MM &&
      cp .orig-A/MM MM &&
      git update-index --add MM &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -396,7 +397,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/MM MM &&
      git update-index --add MM &&
      echo extra >>MM &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -405,7 +406,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/MM MM &&
      echo extra >>MM &&
      git update-index --add MM &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -413,7 +414,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index SS &&
      cp .orig-A/SS SS &&
      git update-index --add SS &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -422,7 +423,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/SS SS &&
      git update-index --add SS &&
      echo extra >>SS &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -431,7 +432,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/SS SS &&
      echo extra >>SS &&
      git update-index --add SS &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -439,7 +440,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index MN &&
      cp .orig-A/MN MN &&
      git update-index --add MN &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -448,7 +449,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/MN MN &&
      git update-index --add MN &&
      echo extra >>MN &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -456,7 +457,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index NM &&
      cp .orig-A/NM NM &&
      git update-index --add NM &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -465,7 +466,7 @@
      cp .orig-B/NM NM &&
      git update-index --add NM &&
      echo extra >>NM &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -474,7 +475,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/NM NM &&
      git update-index --add NM &&
      echo extra >>NM &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -483,7 +484,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/NM NM &&
      echo extra >>NM &&
      git update-index --add NM &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -491,7 +492,7 @@
     "rm -f .git/index NN &&
      cp .orig-A/NN NN &&
      git update-index --add NN &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -500,7 +501,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/NN NN &&
      git update-index --add NN &&
      echo extra >>NN &&
-     git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B &&
      check_result"
 
 test_expect_success \
@@ -509,7 +510,7 @@
      cp .orig-A/NN NN &&
      echo extra >>NN &&
      git update-index --add NN &&
-     test_must_fail git read-tree -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
+     read_tree_must_fail -m $tree_O $tree_A $tree_B
 "
 
 # #16
@@ -522,7 +523,7 @@
     echo E16 >F16 &&
     git update-index F16 &&
     tree1=`git write-tree` &&
-    git read-tree -m $tree0 $tree1 $tree1 $tree0 &&
+    read_tree_must_succeed -m $tree0 $tree1 $tree1 $tree0 &&
     git ls-files --stage'
 
 test_done
diff --git a/t/t1001-read-tree-m-2way.sh b/t/t1001-read-tree-m-2way.sh
index 680d992..acaab07 100755
--- a/t/t1001-read-tree-m-2way.sh
+++ b/t/t1001-read-tree-m-2way.sh
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
         yomin   - not in H nor M
 '
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 read_tree_twoway () {
     git read-tree -m "$1" "$2" && git ls-files --stage
@@ -94,7 +95,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '4 - carry forward local addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      git update-index --add yomin &&
      read_tree_twoway $treeH $treeM &&
@@ -106,7 +107,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '5 - carry forward local addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo yomin >yomin &&
      git update-index --add yomin &&
@@ -120,7 +121,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '6 - local addition already has the same.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
      read_tree_twoway $treeH $treeM &&
@@ -131,7 +132,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '7 - local addition already has the same.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
@@ -144,7 +145,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '8 - conflicting addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo frotz frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
@@ -153,7 +154,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '9 - conflicting addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo frotz frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
@@ -163,7 +164,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '10 - path removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
@@ -174,7 +175,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '11 - dirty path removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
@@ -184,7 +185,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '12 - unmatching local changes being removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo rezrov rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
@@ -193,7 +194,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '13 - unmatching local changes being removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo rezrov rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
@@ -208,7 +209,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '14 - unchanged in two heads.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo nitfol nitfol >nitfol &&
      git update-index --add nitfol &&
@@ -221,7 +222,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '15 - unchanged in two heads.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo nitfol nitfol >nitfol &&
      git update-index --add nitfol &&
@@ -235,7 +236,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '16 - conflicting local change.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo bozbar bozbar >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -244,7 +245,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '17 - conflicting local change.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      echo bozbar bozbar >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -254,7 +255,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '18 - local change already having a good result.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      cat bozbar-new >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -266,7 +267,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '19 - local change already having a good result, further modified.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      cat bozbar-new >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -279,7 +280,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '20 - no local change, use new tree.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      cat bozbar-old >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -291,7 +292,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '21 - no local change, dirty cache.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      cat bozbar-old >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -302,7 +303,7 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '22 - local change cache updated.' \
     'rm -f .git/index &&
-     git read-tree $treeH &&
+     read_tree_must_succeed $treeH &&
      git checkout-index -u -f -q -a &&
      sed -e "s/such as/SUCH AS/" bozbar-old >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
@@ -359,7 +360,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success \
     'a/b (untracked) vs a, plus c/d case test.' \
-    'test_must_fail git read-tree -u -m "$treeH" "$treeM" &&
+    'read_tree_u_must_fail -u -m "$treeH" "$treeM" &&
      git ls-files --stage &&
      test -f a/b'
 
@@ -386,7 +387,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success \
     'a/b vs a, plus c/d case test.' \
-    'git read-tree -u -m "$treeH" "$treeM" &&
+    'read_tree_u_must_succeed -u -m "$treeH" "$treeM" &&
      git ls-files --stage | tee >treeMcheck.out &&
      test_cmp treeM.out treeMcheck.out'
 
@@ -401,7 +402,7 @@
 	echo a >file-a &&
 	git add file-a &&
 	git ls-tree $(git write-tree) file-a >expect &&
-	git read-tree -m HEAD initial-mod &&
+	read_tree_must_succeed -m HEAD initial-mod &&
 	git ls-tree $(git write-tree) file-a >actual &&
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
diff --git a/t/t1002-read-tree-m-u-2way.sh b/t/t1002-read-tree-m-u-2way.sh
index a4a17e0..a847709 100755
--- a/t/t1002-read-tree-m-u-2way.sh
+++ b/t/t1002-read-tree-m-u-2way.sh
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
 
 '
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 compare_change () {
 	sed >current \
@@ -56,8 +57,8 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '1, 2, 3 - no carry forward' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >1-3.out &&
      cmp M.out 1-3.out &&
      sum bozbar frotz nitfol >actual3.sum &&
@@ -69,11 +70,11 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '4 - carry forward local addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo "+100644 X 0	yomin" >expected &&
      echo yomin >yomin &&
      git update-index --add yomin &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >4.out || return 1
      git diff -U0 --no-index M.out 4.out >4diff.out
      compare_change 4diff.out expected &&
@@ -87,12 +88,12 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '5 - carry forward local addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH &&
      echo yomin >yomin &&
      git update-index --add yomin &&
      echo yomin yomin >yomin &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >5.out || return 1
      git diff -U0 --no-index M.out 5.out >5diff.out
      compare_change 5diff.out expected &&
@@ -107,10 +108,10 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '6 - local addition already has the same.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >6.out &&
      test_cmp M.out 6.out &&
      check_cache_at frotz clean &&
@@ -123,11 +124,11 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '7 - local addition already has the same.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
      echo frotz frotz >frotz &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >7.out &&
      test_cmp M.out 7.out &&
      check_cache_at frotz dirty &&
@@ -141,27 +142,27 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '8 - conflicting addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo frotz frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 test_expect_success \
     '9 - conflicting addition.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo frotz frotz >frotz &&
      git update-index --add frotz &&
      echo frotz >frotz &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 test_expect_success \
     '10 - path removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >10.out &&
      cmp M.out 10.out &&
      sum bozbar frotz nitfol >actual10.sum &&
@@ -170,28 +171,28 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '11 - dirty path removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
      echo rezrov rezrov >rezrov &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 test_expect_success \
     '12 - unmatching local changes being removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo rezrov rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 test_expect_success \
     '13 - unmatching local changes being removed.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo rezrov rezrov >rezrov &&
      git update-index --add rezrov &&
      echo rezrov >rezrov &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 cat >expected <<EOF
 -100644 X 0	nitfol
@@ -201,10 +202,10 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '14 - unchanged in two heads.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo nitfol nitfol >nitfol &&
      git update-index --add nitfol &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >14.out &&
      test_must_fail git diff -U0 --no-index M.out 14.out >14diff.out &&
      compare_change 14diff.out expected &&
@@ -221,11 +222,11 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '15 - unchanged in two heads.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo nitfol nitfol >nitfol &&
      git update-index --add nitfol &&
      echo nitfol nitfol nitfol >nitfol &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >15.out &&
      test_must_fail git diff -U0 --no-index M.out 15.out >15diff.out &&
      compare_change 15diff.out expected &&
@@ -242,27 +243,27 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '16 - conflicting local change.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo bozbar bozbar >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 test_expect_success \
     '17 - conflicting local change.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo bozbar bozbar >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
      echo bozbar bozbar bozbar >bozbar &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 test_expect_success \
     '18 - local change already having a good result.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo gnusto >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >18.out &&
      test_cmp M.out 18.out &&
      check_cache_at bozbar clean &&
@@ -272,11 +273,11 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '19 - local change already having a good result, further modified.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo gnusto >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
      echo gnusto gnusto >bozbar &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >19.out &&
      test_cmp M.out 19.out &&
      check_cache_at bozbar dirty &&
@@ -292,10 +293,10 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '20 - no local change, use new tree.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo bozbar >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM &&
      git ls-files --stage >20.out &&
      test_cmp M.out 20.out &&
      check_cache_at bozbar clean &&
@@ -305,11 +306,11 @@
 test_expect_success \
     '21 - no local change, dirty cache.' \
     'rm -f .git/index nitfol bozbar rezrov frotz &&
-     git read-tree --reset -u $treeH &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u $treeH &&
      echo bozbar >bozbar &&
      git update-index --add bozbar &&
      echo gnusto gnusto >bozbar &&
-     if git read-tree -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
+     if read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeH $treeM; then false; else :; fi'
 
 # Also make sure we did not break DF vs DF/DF case.
 test_expect_success \
@@ -336,7 +337,7 @@
      rm -fr DF &&
      echo DF >DF &&
      git update-index --add DF &&
-     git read-tree -m -u $treeDF $treeDFDF &&
+     read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u $treeDF $treeDFDF &&
      git ls-files --stage >DFDFcheck.out &&
      test_cmp DFDF.out DFDFcheck.out &&
      check_cache_at DF/DF clean'
diff --git a/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh b/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh
index eb8e3d4..b3ae7d5 100755
--- a/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh
+++ b/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 test_description='read-tree -m -u checks working tree files'
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 # two-tree test
 
@@ -29,7 +30,7 @@
 
 	echo >file2 master creates untracked file2 &&
 	echo >subdir/file2 master creates untracked subdir/file2 &&
-	if err=`git read-tree -m -u master side 2>&1`
+	if err=`read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u master side 2>&1`
 	then
 		echo should have complained
 		false
@@ -42,7 +43,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success 'two-way with incorrect --exclude-per-directory (1)' '
 
-	if err=`git read-tree -m --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore master side 2>&1`
+	if err=`read_tree_u_must_succeed -m --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore master side 2>&1`
 	then
 		echo should have complained
 		false
@@ -53,7 +54,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success 'two-way with incorrect --exclude-per-directory (2)' '
 
-	if err=`git read-tree -m -u --exclude-per-directory=foo --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore master side 2>&1`
+	if err=`read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u --exclude-per-directory=foo --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore master side 2>&1`
 	then
 		echo should have complained
 		false
@@ -64,7 +65,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success 'two-way clobbering a ignored file' '
 
-	git read-tree -m -u --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore master side
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore master side
 '
 
 rm -f .gitignore
@@ -84,7 +85,7 @@
 	echo >file2 file two is untracked on the master side &&
 	echo >subdir/file2 file two is untracked on the master side &&
 
-	git read-tree -m -u branch-point master side
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u branch-point master side
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'three-way not clobbering a working tree file' '
@@ -94,7 +95,7 @@
 	git checkout master &&
 	echo >file3 file three created in master, untracked &&
 	echo >subdir/file3 file three created in master, untracked &&
-	if err=`git read-tree -m -u branch-point master side 2>&1`
+	if err=`read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u branch-point master side 2>&1`
 	then
 		echo should have complained
 		false
@@ -113,7 +114,7 @@
 	echo >file3 file three created in master, untracked &&
 	echo >subdir/file3 file three created in master, untracked &&
 
-	git read-tree -m -u --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore branch-point master side
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore branch-point master side
 '
 
 test_expect_success '3-way not overwriting local changes (setup)' '
@@ -137,7 +138,7 @@
 	git reset --hard &&
 
 	echo >>file1 "local changes" &&
-	git read-tree -m -u branch-point side-a side-b &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u branch-point side-a side-b &&
 	grep "new line to be kept" file1 &&
 	grep "local changes" file1
 
@@ -151,7 +152,7 @@
 	git reset --hard &&
 
 	echo >>file2 "local changes" &&
-	test_must_fail git read-tree -m -u branch-point side-a side-b &&
+	read_tree_u_must_fail -m -u branch-point side-a side-b &&
 	! grep "new line to be kept" file2 &&
 	grep "local changes" file2
 
@@ -173,7 +174,7 @@
 	git add a/b &&
 	git commit -m "we add a/b" &&
 
-	git read-tree -m -u sym-a sym-a sym-b
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u sym-a sym-a sym-b
 
 '
 
@@ -209,7 +210,7 @@
 test_expect_success 'D/F' '
 
 	git checkout side-b &&
-	git read-tree -m -u branch-point side-b side-a &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u branch-point side-b side-a &&
 	git ls-files -u >actual &&
 	(
 		a=$(git rev-parse branch-point:subdir/file2)
diff --git a/t/t1005-read-tree-reset.sh b/t/t1005-read-tree-reset.sh
index 8499116..f53de79 100755
--- a/t/t1005-read-tree-reset.sh
+++ b/t/t1005-read-tree-reset.sh
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 test_description='read-tree -u --reset'
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 # two-tree test
 
@@ -22,13 +23,13 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'reset should work' '
-  git read-tree -u --reset HEAD^ &&
+  read_tree_u_must_succeed -u --reset HEAD^ &&
   git ls-files >actual &&
   test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'reset should remove remnants from a failed merge' '
-  git read-tree --reset -u HEAD &&
+  read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u HEAD &&
   git ls-files -s >expect &&
   sha1=$(git rev-parse :new) &&
   (
@@ -37,13 +38,13 @@
   ) | git update-index --index-info &&
   >old &&
   git ls-files -s &&
-  git read-tree --reset -u HEAD &&
+  read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u HEAD &&
   git ls-files -s >actual &&
   ! test -f old
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'Porcelain reset should remove remnants too' '
-  git read-tree --reset -u HEAD &&
+  read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u HEAD &&
   git ls-files -s >expect &&
   sha1=$(git rev-parse :new) &&
   (
@@ -58,7 +59,7 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'Porcelain checkout -f should remove remnants too' '
-  git read-tree --reset -u HEAD &&
+  read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u HEAD &&
   git ls-files -s >expect &&
   sha1=$(git rev-parse :new) &&
   (
@@ -73,7 +74,7 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'Porcelain checkout -f HEAD should remove remnants too' '
-  git read-tree --reset -u HEAD &&
+  read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u HEAD &&
   git ls-files -s >expect &&
   sha1=$(git rev-parse :new) &&
   (
diff --git a/t/t1008-read-tree-overlay.sh b/t/t1008-read-tree-overlay.sh
index f9e0028..4c50ed9 100755
--- a/t/t1008-read-tree-overlay.sh
+++ b/t/t1008-read-tree-overlay.sh
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 test_description='test multi-tree read-tree without merging'
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 test_expect_success setup '
 	echo one >a &&
@@ -21,7 +22,7 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'multi-read' '
-	git read-tree initial master side &&
+	read_tree_must_succeed initial master side &&
 	(echo a; echo b/c) >expect &&
 	git ls-files >actual &&
 	test_cmp expect actual
diff --git a/t/t1011-read-tree-sparse-checkout.sh b/t/t1011-read-tree-sparse-checkout.sh
index de84e35..018c354 100755
--- a/t/t1011-read-tree-sparse-checkout.sh
+++ b/t/t1011-read-tree-sparse-checkout.sh
@@ -12,24 +12,27 @@
 '
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 test_expect_success 'setup' '
 	cat >expected <<-\EOF &&
 	100644 77f0ba1734ed79d12881f81b36ee134de6a3327b 0	init.t
 	100644 e69de29bb2d1d6434b8b29ae775ad8c2e48c5391 0	sub/added
+	100644 e69de29bb2d1d6434b8b29ae775ad8c2e48c5391 0	sub/addedtoo
 	100644 e69de29bb2d1d6434b8b29ae775ad8c2e48c5391 0	subsub/added
 	EOF
 	cat >expected.swt <<-\EOF &&
 	H init.t
 	H sub/added
+	H sub/addedtoo
 	H subsub/added
 	EOF
 
 	test_commit init &&
 	echo modified >>init.t &&
 	mkdir sub subsub &&
-	touch sub/added subsub/added &&
-	git add init.t sub/added subsub/added &&
+	touch sub/added sub/addedtoo subsub/added &&
+	git add init.t sub/added sub/addedtoo subsub/added &&
 	git commit -m "modified and added" &&
 	git tag top &&
 	git rm sub/added &&
@@ -41,7 +44,7 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'read-tree without .git/info/sparse-checkout' '
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files --stage >result &&
 	test_cmp expected result &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
@@ -50,7 +53,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success 'read-tree with .git/info/sparse-checkout but disabled' '
 	echo >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
 	test_cmp expected.swt result &&
 	test -f init.t &&
@@ -60,7 +63,7 @@
 test_expect_success 'read-tree --no-sparse-checkout with empty .git/info/sparse-checkout and enabled' '
 	git config core.sparsecheckout true &&
 	echo >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
-	git read-tree --no-sparse-checkout -m -u HEAD &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed --no-sparse-checkout -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
 	test_cmp expected.swt result &&
 	test -f init.t &&
@@ -70,7 +73,7 @@
 test_expect_success 'read-tree with empty .git/info/sparse-checkout' '
 	git config core.sparsecheckout true &&
 	echo >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
-	test_must_fail git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	read_tree_u_must_fail -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files --stage >result &&
 	test_cmp expected result &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
@@ -83,11 +86,12 @@
 	cat >expected.swt-noinit <<-\EOF &&
 	S init.t
 	H sub/added
+	H sub/addedtoo
 	S subsub/added
 	EOF
 
 	echo sub/ > .git/info/sparse-checkout &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files -t > result &&
 	test_cmp expected.swt-noinit result &&
 	test ! -f init.t &&
@@ -95,18 +99,59 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'match directories without trailing slash' '
-	echo sub >>.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	echo sub >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
 	test_cmp expected.swt-noinit result &&
 	test ! -f init.t &&
 	test -f sub/added
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'match directory pattern' '
-	echo "s?b" >>.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
+test_expect_success 'match directories with negated patterns' '
+	cat >expected.swt-negation <<\EOF &&
+S init.t
+S sub/added
+H sub/addedtoo
+S subsub/added
+EOF
+
+	cat >.git/info/sparse-checkout <<\EOF &&
+sub
+!sub/added
+EOF
 	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
+	test_cmp expected.swt-negation result &&
+	test ! -f init.t &&
+	test ! -f sub/added &&
+	test -f sub/addedtoo
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'match directories with negated patterns (2)' '
+	cat >expected.swt-negation2 <<\EOF &&
+H init.t
+H sub/added
+S sub/addedtoo
+H subsub/added
+EOF
+
+	cat >.git/info/sparse-checkout <<\EOF &&
+/*
+!sub
+sub/added
+EOF
+	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	git ls-files -t >result &&
+	test_cmp expected.swt-negation2 result &&
+	test -f init.t &&
+	test -f sub/added &&
+	test ! -f sub/addedtoo
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'match directory pattern' '
+	echo "s?b" >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD &&
+	git ls-files -t >result &&
 	test_cmp expected.swt-noinit result &&
 	test ! -f init.t &&
 	test -f sub/added
@@ -116,11 +161,12 @@
 	cat >expected.swt-nosub <<-\EOF &&
 	H init.t
 	S sub/added
+	S sub/addedtoo
 	S subsub/added
 	EOF
 
 	echo init.t >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD &&
 	git ls-files -t >result &&
 	test_cmp expected.swt-nosub result &&
 	test -f init.t &&
@@ -130,7 +176,7 @@
 test_expect_success 'read-tree updates worktree, absent case' '
 	echo sub/added >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
 	git checkout -f top &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD^ &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD^ &&
 	test ! -f init.t
 '
 
@@ -138,7 +184,7 @@
 	echo sub/added >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
 	git checkout -f top &&
 	echo dirty >init.t &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD^ &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD^ &&
 	grep -q dirty init.t &&
 	rm init.t
 '
@@ -147,14 +193,14 @@
 	echo init.t >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
 	git checkout -f top &&
 	echo dirty >added &&
-	git read-tree -m -u HEAD^ &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u HEAD^ &&
 	grep -q dirty added
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'read-tree adds to worktree, absent case' '
 	echo init.t >.git/info/sparse-checkout &&
 	git checkout -f removed &&
-	git read-tree -u -m HEAD^ &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -u -m HEAD^ &&
 	test ! -f sub/added
 '
 
@@ -163,7 +209,7 @@
 	git checkout -f removed &&
 	mkdir sub &&
 	echo dirty >sub/added &&
-	git read-tree -u -m HEAD^ &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -u -m HEAD^ &&
 	grep -q dirty sub/added
 '
 
diff --git a/t/t1012-read-tree-df.sh b/t/t1012-read-tree-df.sh
index 9811d46..a6a04b6 100755
--- a/t/t1012-read-tree-df.sh
+++ b/t/t1012-read-tree-df.sh
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
 test_description='read-tree D/F conflict corner cases'
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 maketree () {
 	(
@@ -53,7 +54,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success '3-way (1)' '
 	settree A-000 &&
-	git read-tree -m -u O-000 A-000 B-000 &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u O-000 A-000 B-000 &&
 	checkindex <<-EOF
 	3 a/b
 	0 a/b-2/c/d
@@ -65,7 +66,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success '3-way (2)' '
 	settree A-001 &&
-	git read-tree -m -u O-000 A-001 B-000 &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u O-000 A-001 B-000 &&
 	checkindex <<-EOF
 	3 a/b
 	0 a/b-2/c/d
@@ -78,7 +79,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success '3-way (3)' '
 	settree A-010 &&
-	git read-tree -m -u O-010 A-010 B-010 &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u O-010 A-010 B-010 &&
 	checkindex <<-EOF
 	2 t
 	1 t-0
@@ -92,7 +93,7 @@
 
 test_expect_success '2-way (1)' '
 	settree O-020 &&
-	git read-tree -m -u O-020 A-020 &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed -m -u O-020 A-020 &&
 	checkindex <<-EOF
 	0 ds/dma/ioat/Makefile
 	0 ds/dma/ioat/registers.h
diff --git a/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh b/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh
index 1fd187c..f6a44c9 100755
--- a/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh
+++ b/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 '
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-read-tree.sh
 
 test_expect_success setup '
 	long="a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z" &&
@@ -98,13 +99,13 @@
 test_expect_success 'read-tree' '
 	rm -f one dir/two &&
 	tree=`git write-tree` &&
-	git read-tree --reset -u "$tree" &&
+	read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u "$tree" &&
 	cmp one original.one &&
 	cmp dir/two original.two &&
 	(
 		cd dir &&
 		rm -f two &&
-		git read-tree --reset -u "$tree" &&
+		read_tree_u_must_succeed --reset -u "$tree" &&
 		cmp two ../original.two &&
 		cmp ../one ../original.one
 	)
@@ -118,6 +119,27 @@
 		git ss
 	)
 '
+
+test_expect_success '!alias expansion' '
+	pwd >expect &&
+	(
+		git config alias.test !pwd &&
+		cd dir &&
+		git test >../actual
+	) &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'GIT_PREFIX for !alias' '
+	printf "dir/" >expect &&
+	(
+		git config alias.test "!sh -c \"printf \$GIT_PREFIX\"" &&
+		cd dir &&
+		git test >../actual
+	) &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambiguity check inside .git' '
 	git commit -a -m 1 &&
 	(
diff --git a/t/t1050-large.sh b/t/t1050-large.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..deba111
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t1050-large.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+# Copyright (c) 2011, Google Inc.
+
+test_description='adding and checking out large blobs'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success setup '
+	git config core.bigfilethreshold 200k &&
+	echo X | dd of=large bs=1k seek=2000
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'add a large file' '
+	git add large &&
+	# make sure we got a packfile and no loose objects
+	test -f .git/objects/pack/pack-*.pack &&
+	test ! -f .git/objects/??/??????????????????????????????????????
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'checkout a large file' '
+	large=$(git rev-parse :large) &&
+	git update-index --add --cacheinfo 100644 $large another &&
+	git checkout another &&
+	cmp large another ;# this must not be test_cmp
+'
+
+test_done
diff --git a/t/t1303-wacky-config.sh b/t/t1303-wacky-config.sh
index 080117c..46103a1 100755
--- a/t/t1303-wacky-config.sh
+++ b/t/t1303-wacky-config.sh
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@
 test_expect_success 'do not crash on special long config line' '
 	setup &&
 	git config section.key "$LONG_VALUE" &&
-	check section.key "fatal: bad config file line 2 in .git/config"
+	check section.key "$LONG_VALUE"
 '
 
 test_done
diff --git a/t/t3102-ls-tree-wildcards.sh b/t/t3102-ls-tree-wildcards.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..c286854
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t3102-ls-tree-wildcards.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='ls-tree with(out) globs'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success 'setup' '
+	mkdir a aa "a[a]" &&
+	touch a/one aa/two "a[a]/three" &&
+	git add a/one aa/two "a[a]/three" &&
+	git commit -m test
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'ls-tree a[a] matches literally' '
+	cat >expected <<EOF &&
+100644 blob e69de29bb2d1d6434b8b29ae775ad8c2e48c5391	a[a]/three
+EOF
+	git ls-tree -r HEAD "a[a]" >actual &&
+	test_cmp expected actual
+'
+
+test_done
diff --git a/t/t3301-notes.sh b/t/t3301-notes.sh
index 1921ca3..16de05a 100755
--- a/t/t3301-notes.sh
+++ b/t/t3301-notes.sh
@@ -101,8 +101,8 @@
 	test_must_fail git notes show HEAD^
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'cannot add note where one exists' '
-	! MSG=b2 git notes add &&
+test_expect_success 'cannot "git notes add -m" where notes already exists' '
+	test_must_fail git notes add -m "b2" &&
 	test ! -f .git/NOTES_EDITMSG &&
 	test 1 = $(git ls-tree refs/notes/commits | wc -l) &&
 	test b3 = $(git notes show) &&
@@ -110,6 +110,24 @@
 	test_must_fail git notes show HEAD^
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'can overwrite existing note with "git notes add -f -m"' '
+	git notes add -f -m "b1" &&
+	test ! -f .git/NOTES_EDITMSG &&
+	test 1 = $(git ls-tree refs/notes/commits | wc -l) &&
+	test b1 = $(git notes show) &&
+	git show HEAD^ &&
+	test_must_fail git notes show HEAD^
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'add w/no options on existing note morphs into edit' '
+	MSG=b2 git notes add &&
+	test ! -f .git/NOTES_EDITMSG &&
+	test 1 = $(git ls-tree refs/notes/commits | wc -l) &&
+	test b2 = $(git notes show) &&
+	git show HEAD^ &&
+	test_must_fail git notes show HEAD^
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'can overwrite existing note with "git notes add -f"' '
 	MSG=b1 git notes add -f &&
 	test ! -f .git/NOTES_EDITMSG &&
@@ -194,6 +212,13 @@
 	test_cmp expect-F output
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'Re-adding -F notes without -f fails' '
+	echo "zyxxy" > note5 &&
+	test_must_fail git notes add -F note5 &&
+	git log -3 > output &&
+	test_cmp expect-F output
+'
+
 cat >expect << EOF
 commit 15023535574ded8b1a89052b32673f84cf9582b8
 tree e070e3af51011e47b183c33adf9736736a525709
@@ -247,6 +272,44 @@
 	'
 done
 
+test_expect_success 'setup alternate notes ref' '
+	git notes --ref=alternate add -m alternate
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git log --notes shows default notes' '
+	git log -1 --notes >output &&
+	grep xyzzy output &&
+	! grep alternate output
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git log --notes=X shows only X' '
+	git log -1 --notes=alternate >output &&
+	! grep xyzzy output &&
+	grep alternate output
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git log --notes --notes=X shows both' '
+	git log -1 --notes --notes=alternate >output &&
+	grep xyzzy output &&
+	grep alternate output
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git log --no-notes resets default state' '
+	git log -1 --notes --notes=alternate \
+		--no-notes --notes=alternate \
+		>output &&
+	! grep xyzzy output &&
+	grep alternate output
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git log --no-notes resets ref list' '
+	git log -1 --notes --notes=alternate \
+		--no-notes --notes \
+		>output &&
+	grep xyzzy output &&
+	! grep alternate output
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'create -m notes (setup)' '
 	: > a5 &&
 	git add a5 &&
@@ -372,6 +435,81 @@
 	test_cmp before_commit after_commit
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'removing more than one' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+
+	# We have only two -- add another and make sure it stays
+	git notes add -m "extra" &&
+	git notes list HEAD >after-removal-expect &&
+	git notes remove HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ &&
+	git notes list | sed -e "s/ .*//" >actual &&
+	test_cmp after-removal-expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'removing is atomic' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+	test_must_fail git notes remove HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ HEAD^ &&
+	after=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test "$before" = "$after"
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'removing with --ignore-missing' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+
+	# We have only two -- add another and make sure it stays
+	git notes add -m "extra" &&
+	git notes list HEAD >after-removal-expect &&
+	git notes remove --ignore-missing HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ HEAD^ &&
+	git notes list | sed -e "s/ .*//" >actual &&
+	test_cmp after-removal-expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'removing with --ignore-missing but bogus ref' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+	test_must_fail git notes remove --ignore-missing HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ NO-SUCH-COMMIT &&
+	after=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test "$before" = "$after"
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'remove reads from --stdin' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+
+	# We have only two -- add another and make sure it stays
+	git notes add -m "extra" &&
+	git notes list HEAD >after-removal-expect &&
+	git rev-parse HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ >input &&
+	git notes remove --stdin <input &&
+	git notes list | sed -e "s/ .*//" >actual &&
+	test_cmp after-removal-expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'remove --stdin is also atomic' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+	git rev-parse HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ HEAD^ >input &&
+	test_must_fail git notes remove --stdin <input &&
+	after=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test "$before" = "$after"
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'removing with --stdin --ignore-missing' '
+	before=$(git rev-parse --verify refs/notes/commits) &&
+	test_when_finished "git update-ref refs/notes/commits $before" &&
+
+	# We have only two -- add another and make sure it stays
+	git notes add -m "extra" &&
+	git notes list HEAD >after-removal-expect &&
+	git rev-parse HEAD^^ HEAD^^^ HEAD^ >input &&
+	git notes remove --ignore-missing --stdin <input &&
+	git notes list | sed -e "s/ .*//" >actual &&
+	test_cmp after-removal-expect actual
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'list notes with "git notes list"' '
 	git notes list > output &&
 	test_cmp expect output
diff --git a/t/t3400-rebase.sh b/t/t3400-rebase.sh
index 349eebd..6eaecec 100755
--- a/t/t3400-rebase.sh
+++ b/t/t3400-rebase.sh
@@ -158,15 +158,24 @@
 '
 rm -f B
 
-test_expect_success 'dump usage when upstream arg is missing' '
-	git checkout -b usage topic &&
-	test_must_fail git rebase 2>error1 &&
-	grep "[Uu]sage" error1 &&
-	test_must_fail git rebase --abort 2>error2 &&
-	grep "No rebase in progress" error2 &&
-	test_must_fail git rebase --onto master 2>error3 &&
-	grep "[Uu]sage" error3 &&
-	! grep "can.t shift" error3
+test_expect_success 'fail when upstream arg is missing and not on branch' '
+	git checkout topic &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase >output.out &&
+	grep "You are not currently on a branch" output.out
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'fail when upstream arg is missing and not configured' '
+	git checkout -b no-config topic &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase >output.out &&
+	grep "branch.no-config.merge" output.out
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'default to @{upstream} when upstream arg is missing' '
+	git checkout -b default topic &&
+	git config branch.default.remote .
+	git config branch.default.merge refs/heads/master
+	git rebase &&
+	test "$(git rev-parse default~1)" = "$(git rev-parse master)"
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'rebase -q is quiet' '
diff --git a/t/t3403-rebase-skip.sh b/t/t3403-rebase-skip.sh
index 64446e3..826500b 100755
--- a/t/t3403-rebase-skip.sh
+++ b/t/t3403-rebase-skip.sh
@@ -35,6 +35,11 @@
 	test_must_fail git rebase master
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'rebase --skip can not be used with other options' '
+	test_must_fail git rebase -v --skip &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase --skip -v
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'rebase --skip with am -3' '
 	git rebase --skip
 	'
diff --git a/t/t3404-rebase-interactive.sh b/t/t3404-rebase-interactive.sh
index 7d8147b..47c8371 100755
--- a/t/t3404-rebase-interactive.sh
+++ b/t/t3404-rebase-interactive.sh
@@ -317,7 +317,7 @@
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'verbose flag is heeded, even after --continue' '
-	git reset --hard HEAD@{1} &&
+	git reset --hard master@{1} &&
 	test_tick &&
 	test_must_fail git rebase -v -i --onto new-branch1 HEAD^ &&
 	echo resolved > file1 &&
diff --git a/t/t3407-rebase-abort.sh b/t/t3407-rebase-abort.sh
index e573dc8..a6a6c40 100755
--- a/t/t3407-rebase-abort.sh
+++ b/t/t3407-rebase-abort.sh
@@ -84,6 +84,16 @@
 		test_cmp reflog_before reflog_after &&
 		rm reflog_before reflog_after
 	'
+
+	test_expect_success 'rebase --abort can not be used with other options' '
+		cd "$work_dir" &&
+		# Clean up the state from the previous one
+		git reset --hard pre-rebase &&
+		test_must_fail git rebase$type master &&
+		test_must_fail git rebase -v --abort &&
+		test_must_fail git rebase --abort -v &&
+		git rebase --abort
+	'
 }
 
 testrebase "" .git/rebase-apply
diff --git a/t/t3418-rebase-continue.sh b/t/t3418-rebase-continue.sh
index 3b0d273..1e855cd 100755
--- a/t/t3418-rebase-continue.sh
+++ b/t/t3418-rebase-continue.sh
@@ -40,4 +40,59 @@
 	git rebase --continue
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'rebase --continue can not be used with other options' '
+	test_must_fail git rebase -v --continue &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase --continue -v
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'rebase --continue remembers merge strategy and options' '
+	rm -fr .git/rebase-* &&
+	git reset --hard commit-new-file-F2-on-topic-branch &&
+	test_commit "commit-new-file-F3-on-topic-branch" F3 32 &&
+	test_when_finished "rm -fr test-bin funny.was.run" &&
+	mkdir test-bin &&
+	cat >test-bin/git-merge-funny <<-EOF
+	#!$SHELL_PATH
+	case "\$1" in --opt) ;; *) exit 2 ;; esac
+	shift &&
+	>funny.was.run &&
+	exec git merge-recursive "\$@"
+	EOF
+	chmod +x test-bin/git-merge-funny &&
+	(
+		PATH=./test-bin:$PATH
+		test_must_fail git rebase -s funny -Xopt master topic
+	) &&
+	test -f funny.was.run &&
+	rm funny.was.run &&
+	echo "Resolved" >F2 &&
+	git add F2 &&
+	(
+		PATH=./test-bin:$PATH
+		git rebase --continue
+	) &&
+	test -f funny.was.run
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'rebase --continue remembers --rerere-autoupdate' '
+	rm -fr .git/rebase-* &&
+	git reset --hard commit-new-file-F3-on-topic-branch &&
+	git checkout master
+	test_commit "commit-new-file-F3" F3 3 &&
+	git config rerere.enabled true &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase -m master topic &&
+	echo "Resolved" >F2 &&
+	git add F2 &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase --continue &&
+	echo "Resolved" >F3 &&
+	git add F3 &&
+	git rebase --continue &&
+	git reset --hard topic@{1} &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase -m --rerere-autoupdate master &&
+	test "$(cat F2)" = "Resolved" &&
+	test_must_fail git rebase --continue &&
+	test "$(cat F3)" = "Resolved" &&
+	git rebase --continue
+'
+
 test_done
diff --git a/t/t3703-add-magic-pathspec.sh b/t/t3703-add-magic-pathspec.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..e508246
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t3703-add-magic-pathspec.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='magic pathspec tests using git-add'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success 'setup' '
+	mkdir sub anothersub &&
+	: >sub/foo &&
+	: >anothersub/foo
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'add :/' "
+	cat >expected <<-EOF &&
+	add 'anothersub/foo'
+	add 'expected'
+	add 'sub/actual'
+	add 'sub/foo'
+	EOF
+	(cd sub && git add -n :/ >actual) &&
+	test_cmp expected sub/actual
+"
+
+cat >expected <<EOF
+add 'anothersub/foo'
+EOF
+
+test_expect_success 'add :/anothersub' '
+	(cd sub && git add -n :/anothersub >actual) &&
+	test_cmp expected sub/actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'add :/non-existent' '
+	(cd sub && test_must_fail git add -n :/non-existent)
+'
+
+cat >expected <<EOF
+add 'sub/foo'
+EOF
+
+test_expect_success 'a file with the same (long) magic name exists' '
+	: >":(icase)ha" &&
+	test_must_fail git add -n ":(icase)ha" &&
+	git add -n "./:(icase)ha"
+'
+
+if mkdir ":" 2>/dev/null
+then
+	test_set_prereq COLON_DIR
+fi
+
+test_expect_success COLON_DIR 'a file with the same (short) magic name exists' '
+	: >":/bar" &&
+	test_must_fail git add -n :/bar &&
+	git add -n "./:/bar"
+'
+
+test_done
diff --git a/t/t4014-format-patch.sh b/t/t4014-format-patch.sh
index 4a3bf5b..92248d2 100755
--- a/t/t4014-format-patch.sh
+++ b/t/t4014-format-patch.sh
@@ -793,6 +793,22 @@
 	test_cmp expect subject
 '
 
+M8="foo_bar_"
+M64=$M8$M8$M8$M8$M8$M8$M8$M8
+cat >expect <<EOF
+From: $M64
+ <foobar@foo.bar>
+EOF
+test_expect_success 'format-patch wraps non-quotable headers' '
+	rm -rf patches/ &&
+	echo content >>file &&
+	git add file &&
+	git commit -mfoo --author "$M64 <foobar@foo.bar>" &&
+	git format-patch --stdout -1 >patch &&
+	sed -n "/^From: /p; /^ /p; /^$/q" <patch >from &&
+	test_cmp expect from
+'
+
 check_author() {
 	echo content >>file &&
 	git add file &&
@@ -835,4 +851,22 @@
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+cat >expect <<'EOF'
+Subject: [PREFIX 1/1] header with . in it
+EOF
+test_expect_success 'subject prefixes have space prepended' '
+	git format-patch -n -1 --stdout --subject-prefix=PREFIX >patch &&
+	grep ^Subject: patch >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+cat >expect <<'EOF'
+Subject: [1/1] header with . in it
+EOF
+test_expect_success 'empty subject prefix does not have extra space' '
+	git format-patch -n -1 --stdout --subject-prefix= >patch &&
+	grep ^Subject: patch >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
 test_done
diff --git a/t/t4018-diff-funcname.sh b/t/t4018-diff-funcname.sh
index 3646930..b68c56b 100755
--- a/t/t4018-diff-funcname.sh
+++ b/t/t4018-diff-funcname.sh
@@ -9,8 +9,7 @@
 
 LF='
 '
-
-cat > Beer.java << EOF
+cat >Beer.java <<\EOF
 public class Beer
 {
 	int special;
@@ -29,61 +28,163 @@
 	}
 }
 EOF
+sed 's/beer\\/beer,\\/' <Beer.java >Beer-correct.java
+cat >Beer.perl <<\EOT
+package Beer;
 
-sed 's/beer\\/beer,\\/' < Beer.java > Beer-correct.java
+use strict;
+use warnings;
+use parent qw(Exporter);
+our @EXPORT_OK = qw(round finalround);
 
-builtin_patterns="bibtex cpp csharp fortran html java objc pascal perl php python ruby tex"
-for p in $builtin_patterns
+sub other; # forward declaration
+
+# hello
+
+sub round {
+	my ($n) = @_;
+	print "$n bottles of beer on the wall ";
+	print "$n bottles of beer\n";
+	print "Take one down, pass it around, ";
+	$n = $n - 1;
+	print "$n bottles of beer on the wall.\n";
+}
+
+sub finalround
+{
+	print "Go to the store, buy some more\n";
+	print "99 bottles of beer on the wall.\n");
+}
+
+sub withheredocument {
+	print <<"EOF"
+decoy here-doc
+EOF
+	# some lines of context
+	# to pad it out
+	print "hello\n";
+}
+
+__END__
+
+=head1 NAME
+
+Beer - subroutine to output fragment of a drinking song
+
+=head1 SYNOPSIS
+
+	use Beer qw(round finalround);
+
+	sub song {
+		for (my $i = 99; $i > 0; $i--) {
+			round $i;
+		}
+		finalround;
+	}
+
+	song;
+
+=cut
+EOT
+sed -e '
+	s/hello/goodbye/
+	s/beer\\/beer,\\/
+	s/more\\/more,\\/
+	s/song;/song();/
+' <Beer.perl >Beer-correct.perl
+
+test_config () {
+	git config "$1" "$2" &&
+	test_when_finished "git config --unset $1"
+}
+
+test_expect_funcname () {
+	lang=${2-java}
+	test_expect_code 1 git diff --no-index -U1 \
+		"Beer.$lang" "Beer-correct.$lang" >diff &&
+	grep "^@@.*@@ $1" diff
+}
+
+for p in bibtex cpp csharp fortran html java objc pascal perl php python ruby tex
 do
 	test_expect_success "builtin $p pattern compiles" '
-		echo "*.java diff=$p" > .gitattributes &&
-		! { git diff --no-index Beer.java Beer-correct.java 2>&1 |
-			grep "fatal" > /dev/null; }
+		echo "*.java diff=$p" >.gitattributes &&
+		test_expect_code 1 git diff --no-index \
+			Beer.java Beer-correct.java 2>msg &&
+		! grep fatal msg &&
+		! grep error msg
 	'
 	test_expect_success "builtin $p wordRegex pattern compiles" '
-		! { git diff --no-index --word-diff \
-			Beer.java Beer-correct.java 2>&1 |
-			grep "fatal" > /dev/null; }
+		echo "*.java diff=$p" >.gitattributes &&
+		test_expect_code 1 git diff --no-index --word-diff \
+			Beer.java Beer-correct.java 2>msg &&
+		! grep fatal msg &&
+		! grep error msg
 	'
 done
 
 test_expect_success 'default behaviour' '
 	rm -f .gitattributes &&
-	git diff --no-index Beer.java Beer-correct.java |
-	grep "^@@.*@@ public class Beer"
+	test_expect_funcname "public class Beer\$"
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'set up .gitattributes declaring drivers to test' '
+	cat >.gitattributes <<-\EOF
+	*.java diff=java
+	*.perl diff=perl
+	EOF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'preset java pattern' '
-	echo "*.java diff=java" >.gitattributes &&
-	git diff --no-index Beer.java Beer-correct.java |
-	grep "^@@.*@@ public static void main("
+	test_expect_funcname "public static void main("
 '
 
-git config diff.java.funcname '!static
-!String
-[^ 	].*s.*'
+test_expect_success 'preset perl pattern' '
+	test_expect_funcname "sub round {\$" perl
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'perl pattern accepts K&R style brace placement, too' '
+	test_expect_funcname "sub finalround\$" perl
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'but is not distracted by end of <<here document' '
+	test_expect_funcname "sub withheredocument {\$" perl
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'perl pattern is not distracted by sub within POD' '
+	test_expect_funcname "=head" perl
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'perl pattern gets full line of POD header' '
+	test_expect_funcname "=head1 SYNOPSIS\$" perl
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'perl pattern is not distracted by forward declaration' '
+	test_expect_funcname "package Beer;\$" perl
+'
 
 test_expect_success 'custom pattern' '
-	git diff --no-index Beer.java Beer-correct.java |
-	grep "^@@.*@@ int special;$"
+	test_config diff.java.funcname "!static
+!String
+[^ 	].*s.*" &&
+	test_expect_funcname "int special;\$"
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'last regexp must not be negated' '
-	git config diff.java.funcname "!static" &&
-	git diff --no-index Beer.java Beer-correct.java 2>&1 |
-	grep "fatal: Last expression must not be negated:"
+	test_config diff.java.funcname "!static" &&
+	test_expect_code 128 git diff --no-index Beer.java Beer-correct.java 2>msg &&
+	grep ": Last ex