blob: 12290d249643b5aaab18961ca91637910d0d7261 [file] [log] [blame]
#include "../cache.h"
#include "../refs.h"
#include "refs-internal.h"
#include "../iterator.h"
#include "../dir-iterator.h"
#include "../lockfile.h"
#include "../object.h"
#include "../dir.h"
struct ref_lock {
char *ref_name;
struct lock_file *lk;
struct object_id old_oid;
};
struct ref_entry;
/*
* Information used (along with the information in ref_entry) to
* describe a single cached reference. This data structure only
* occurs embedded in a union in struct ref_entry, and only when
* (ref_entry->flag & REF_DIR) is zero.
*/
struct ref_value {
/*
* The name of the object to which this reference resolves
* (which may be a tag object). If REF_ISBROKEN, this is
* null. If REF_ISSYMREF, then this is the name of the object
* referred to by the last reference in the symlink chain.
*/
struct object_id oid;
/*
* If REF_KNOWS_PEELED, then this field holds the peeled value
* of this reference, or null if the reference is known not to
* be peelable. See the documentation for peel_ref() for an
* exact definition of "peelable".
*/
struct object_id peeled;
};
struct ref_cache;
/*
* Information used (along with the information in ref_entry) to
* describe a level in the hierarchy of references. This data
* structure only occurs embedded in a union in struct ref_entry, and
* only when (ref_entry.flag & REF_DIR) is set. In that case,
* (ref_entry.flag & REF_INCOMPLETE) determines whether the references
* in the directory have already been read:
*
* (ref_entry.flag & REF_INCOMPLETE) unset -- a directory of loose
* or packed references, already read.
*
* (ref_entry.flag & REF_INCOMPLETE) set -- a directory of loose
* references that hasn't been read yet (nor has any of its
* subdirectories).
*
* Entries within a directory are stored within a growable array of
* pointers to ref_entries (entries, nr, alloc). Entries 0 <= i <
* sorted are sorted by their component name in strcmp() order and the
* remaining entries are unsorted.
*
* Loose references are read lazily, one directory at a time. When a
* directory of loose references is read, then all of the references
* in that directory are stored, and REF_INCOMPLETE stubs are created
* for any subdirectories, but the subdirectories themselves are not
* read. The reading is triggered by get_ref_dir().
*/
struct ref_dir {
int nr, alloc;
/*
* Entries with index 0 <= i < sorted are sorted by name. New
* entries are appended to the list unsorted, and are sorted
* only when required; thus we avoid the need to sort the list
* after the addition of every reference.
*/
int sorted;
/* A pointer to the ref_cache that contains this ref_dir. */
struct ref_cache *ref_cache;
struct ref_entry **entries;
};
/*
* Bit values for ref_entry::flag. REF_ISSYMREF=0x01,
* REF_ISPACKED=0x02, REF_ISBROKEN=0x04 and REF_BAD_NAME=0x08 are
* public values; see refs.h.
*/
/*
* The field ref_entry->u.value.peeled of this value entry contains
* the correct peeled value for the reference, which might be
* null_sha1 if the reference is not a tag or if it is broken.
*/
#define REF_KNOWS_PEELED 0x10
/* ref_entry represents a directory of references */
#define REF_DIR 0x20
/*
* Entry has not yet been read from disk (used only for REF_DIR
* entries representing loose references)
*/
#define REF_INCOMPLETE 0x40
/*
* A ref_entry represents either a reference or a "subdirectory" of
* references.
*
* Each directory in the reference namespace is represented by a
* ref_entry with (flags & REF_DIR) set and containing a subdir member
* that holds the entries in that directory that have been read so
* far. If (flags & REF_INCOMPLETE) is set, then the directory and
* its subdirectories haven't been read yet. REF_INCOMPLETE is only
* used for loose reference directories.
*
* References are represented by a ref_entry with (flags & REF_DIR)
* unset and a value member that describes the reference's value. The
* flag member is at the ref_entry level, but it is also needed to
* interpret the contents of the value field (in other words, a
* ref_value object is not very much use without the enclosing
* ref_entry).
*
* Reference names cannot end with slash and directories' names are
* always stored with a trailing slash (except for the top-level
* directory, which is always denoted by ""). This has two nice
* consequences: (1) when the entries in each subdir are sorted
* lexicographically by name (as they usually are), the references in
* a whole tree can be generated in lexicographic order by traversing
* the tree in left-to-right, depth-first order; (2) the names of
* references and subdirectories cannot conflict, and therefore the
* presence of an empty subdirectory does not block the creation of a
* similarly-named reference. (The fact that reference names with the
* same leading components can conflict *with each other* is a
* separate issue that is regulated by verify_refname_available().)
*
* Please note that the name field contains the fully-qualified
* reference (or subdirectory) name. Space could be saved by only
* storing the relative names. But that would require the full names
* to be generated on the fly when iterating in do_for_each_ref(), and
* would break callback functions, who have always been able to assume
* that the name strings that they are passed will not be freed during
* the iteration.
*/
struct ref_entry {
unsigned char flag; /* ISSYMREF? ISPACKED? */
union {
struct ref_value value; /* if not (flags&REF_DIR) */
struct ref_dir subdir; /* if (flags&REF_DIR) */
} u;
/*
* The full name of the reference (e.g., "refs/heads/master")
* or the full name of the directory with a trailing slash
* (e.g., "refs/heads/"):
*/
char name[FLEX_ARRAY];
};
static void read_loose_refs(const char *dirname, struct ref_dir *dir);
static int search_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir, const char *refname, size_t len);
static struct ref_entry *create_dir_entry(struct ref_cache *ref_cache,
const char *dirname, size_t len,
int incomplete);
static void add_entry_to_dir(struct ref_dir *dir, struct ref_entry *entry);
static struct ref_dir *get_ref_dir(struct ref_entry *entry)
{
struct ref_dir *dir;
assert(entry->flag & REF_DIR);
dir = &entry->u.subdir;
if (entry->flag & REF_INCOMPLETE) {
read_loose_refs(entry->name, dir);
/*
* Manually add refs/bisect, which, being
* per-worktree, might not appear in the directory
* listing for refs/ in the main repo.
*/
if (!strcmp(entry->name, "refs/")) {
int pos = search_ref_dir(dir, "refs/bisect/", 12);
if (pos < 0) {
struct ref_entry *child_entry;
child_entry = create_dir_entry(dir->ref_cache,
"refs/bisect/",
12, 1);
add_entry_to_dir(dir, child_entry);
read_loose_refs("refs/bisect",
&child_entry->u.subdir);
}
}
entry->flag &= ~REF_INCOMPLETE;
}
return dir;
}
static struct ref_entry *create_ref_entry(const char *refname,
const unsigned char *sha1, int flag,
int check_name)
{
struct ref_entry *ref;
if (check_name &&
check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", refname);
FLEX_ALLOC_STR(ref, name, refname);
hashcpy(ref->u.value.oid.hash, sha1);
oidclr(&ref->u.value.peeled);
ref->flag = flag;
return ref;
}
static void clear_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir);
static void free_ref_entry(struct ref_entry *entry)
{
if (entry->flag & REF_DIR) {
/*
* Do not use get_ref_dir() here, as that might
* trigger the reading of loose refs.
*/
clear_ref_dir(&entry->u.subdir);
}
free(entry);
}
/*
* Add a ref_entry to the end of dir (unsorted). Entry is always
* stored directly in dir; no recursion into subdirectories is
* done.
*/
static void add_entry_to_dir(struct ref_dir *dir, struct ref_entry *entry)
{
ALLOC_GROW(dir->entries, dir->nr + 1, dir->alloc);
dir->entries[dir->nr++] = entry;
/* optimize for the case that entries are added in order */
if (dir->nr == 1 ||
(dir->nr == dir->sorted + 1 &&
strcmp(dir->entries[dir->nr - 2]->name,
dir->entries[dir->nr - 1]->name) < 0))
dir->sorted = dir->nr;
}
/*
* Clear and free all entries in dir, recursively.
*/
static void clear_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < dir->nr; i++)
free_ref_entry(dir->entries[i]);
free(dir->entries);
dir->sorted = dir->nr = dir->alloc = 0;
dir->entries = NULL;
}
/*
* Create a struct ref_entry object for the specified dirname.
* dirname is the name of the directory with a trailing slash (e.g.,
* "refs/heads/") or "" for the top-level directory.
*/
static struct ref_entry *create_dir_entry(struct ref_cache *ref_cache,
const char *dirname, size_t len,
int incomplete)
{
struct ref_entry *direntry;
FLEX_ALLOC_MEM(direntry, name, dirname, len);
direntry->u.subdir.ref_cache = ref_cache;
direntry->flag = REF_DIR | (incomplete ? REF_INCOMPLETE : 0);
return direntry;
}
static int ref_entry_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
{
struct ref_entry *one = *(struct ref_entry **)a;
struct ref_entry *two = *(struct ref_entry **)b;
return strcmp(one->name, two->name);
}
static void sort_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir);
struct string_slice {
size_t len;
const char *str;
};
static int ref_entry_cmp_sslice(const void *key_, const void *ent_)
{
const struct string_slice *key = key_;
const struct ref_entry *ent = *(const struct ref_entry * const *)ent_;
int cmp = strncmp(key->str, ent->name, key->len);
if (cmp)
return cmp;
return '\0' - (unsigned char)ent->name[key->len];
}
/*
* Return the index of the entry with the given refname from the
* ref_dir (non-recursively), sorting dir if necessary. Return -1 if
* no such entry is found. dir must already be complete.
*/
static int search_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir, const char *refname, size_t len)
{
struct ref_entry **r;
struct string_slice key;
if (refname == NULL || !dir->nr)
return -1;
sort_ref_dir(dir);
key.len = len;
key.str = refname;
r = bsearch(&key, dir->entries, dir->nr, sizeof(*dir->entries),
ref_entry_cmp_sslice);
if (r == NULL)
return -1;
return r - dir->entries;
}
/*
* Search for a directory entry directly within dir (without
* recursing). Sort dir if necessary. subdirname must be a directory
* name (i.e., end in '/'). If mkdir is set, then create the
* directory if it is missing; otherwise, return NULL if the desired
* directory cannot be found. dir must already be complete.
*/
static struct ref_dir *search_for_subdir(struct ref_dir *dir,
const char *subdirname, size_t len,
int mkdir)
{
int entry_index = search_ref_dir(dir, subdirname, len);
struct ref_entry *entry;
if (entry_index == -1) {
if (!mkdir)
return NULL;
/*
* Since dir is complete, the absence of a subdir
* means that the subdir really doesn't exist;
* therefore, create an empty record for it but mark
* the record complete.
*/
entry = create_dir_entry(dir->ref_cache, subdirname, len, 0);
add_entry_to_dir(dir, entry);
} else {
entry = dir->entries[entry_index];
}
return get_ref_dir(entry);
}
/*
* If refname is a reference name, find the ref_dir within the dir
* tree that should hold refname. If refname is a directory name
* (i.e., ends in '/'), then return that ref_dir itself. dir must
* represent the top-level directory and must already be complete.
* Sort ref_dirs and recurse into subdirectories as necessary. If
* mkdir is set, then create any missing directories; otherwise,
* return NULL if the desired directory cannot be found.
*/
static struct ref_dir *find_containing_dir(struct ref_dir *dir,
const char *refname, int mkdir)
{
const char *slash;
for (slash = strchr(refname, '/'); slash; slash = strchr(slash + 1, '/')) {
size_t dirnamelen = slash - refname + 1;
struct ref_dir *subdir;
subdir = search_for_subdir(dir, refname, dirnamelen, mkdir);
if (!subdir) {
dir = NULL;
break;
}
dir = subdir;
}
return dir;
}
/*
* Find the value entry with the given name in dir, sorting ref_dirs
* and recursing into subdirectories as necessary. If the name is not
* found or it corresponds to a directory entry, return NULL.
*/
static struct ref_entry *find_ref(struct ref_dir *dir, const char *refname)
{
int entry_index;
struct ref_entry *entry;
dir = find_containing_dir(dir, refname, 0);
if (!dir)
return NULL;
entry_index = search_ref_dir(dir, refname, strlen(refname));
if (entry_index == -1)
return NULL;
entry = dir->entries[entry_index];
return (entry->flag & REF_DIR) ? NULL : entry;
}
/*
* Remove the entry with the given name from dir, recursing into
* subdirectories as necessary. If refname is the name of a directory
* (i.e., ends with '/'), then remove the directory and its contents.
* If the removal was successful, return the number of entries
* remaining in the directory entry that contained the deleted entry.
* If the name was not found, return -1. Please note that this
* function only deletes the entry from the cache; it does not delete
* it from the filesystem or ensure that other cache entries (which
* might be symbolic references to the removed entry) are updated.
* Nor does it remove any containing dir entries that might be made
* empty by the removal. dir must represent the top-level directory
* and must already be complete.
*/
static int remove_entry(struct ref_dir *dir, const char *refname)
{
int refname_len = strlen(refname);
int entry_index;
struct ref_entry *entry;
int is_dir = refname[refname_len - 1] == '/';
if (is_dir) {
/*
* refname represents a reference directory. Remove
* the trailing slash; otherwise we will get the
* directory *representing* refname rather than the
* one *containing* it.
*/
char *dirname = xmemdupz(refname, refname_len - 1);
dir = find_containing_dir(dir, dirname, 0);
free(dirname);
} else {
dir = find_containing_dir(dir, refname, 0);
}
if (!dir)
return -1;
entry_index = search_ref_dir(dir, refname, refname_len);
if (entry_index == -1)
return -1;
entry = dir->entries[entry_index];
memmove(&dir->entries[entry_index],
&dir->entries[entry_index + 1],
(dir->nr - entry_index - 1) * sizeof(*dir->entries)
);
dir->nr--;
if (dir->sorted > entry_index)
dir->sorted--;
free_ref_entry(entry);
return dir->nr;
}
/*
* Add a ref_entry to the ref_dir (unsorted), recursing into
* subdirectories as necessary. dir must represent the top-level
* directory. Return 0 on success.
*/
static int add_ref(struct ref_dir *dir, struct ref_entry *ref)
{
dir = find_containing_dir(dir, ref->name, 1);
if (!dir)
return -1;
add_entry_to_dir(dir, ref);
return 0;
}
/*
* Emit a warning and return true iff ref1 and ref2 have the same name
* and the same sha1. Die if they have the same name but different
* sha1s.
*/
static int is_dup_ref(const struct ref_entry *ref1, const struct ref_entry *ref2)
{
if (strcmp(ref1->name, ref2->name))
return 0;
/* Duplicate name; make sure that they don't conflict: */
if ((ref1->flag & REF_DIR) || (ref2->flag & REF_DIR))
/* This is impossible by construction */
die("Reference directory conflict: %s", ref1->name);
if (oidcmp(&ref1->u.value.oid, &ref2->u.value.oid))
die("Duplicated ref, and SHA1s don't match: %s", ref1->name);
warning("Duplicated ref: %s", ref1->name);
return 1;
}
/*
* Sort the entries in dir non-recursively (if they are not already
* sorted) and remove any duplicate entries.
*/
static void sort_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir)
{
int i, j;
struct ref_entry *last = NULL;
/*
* This check also prevents passing a zero-length array to qsort(),
* which is a problem on some platforms.
*/
if (dir->sorted == dir->nr)
return;
qsort(dir->entries, dir->nr, sizeof(*dir->entries), ref_entry_cmp);
/* Remove any duplicates: */
for (i = 0, j = 0; j < dir->nr; j++) {
struct ref_entry *entry = dir->entries[j];
if (last && is_dup_ref(last, entry))
free_ref_entry(entry);
else
last = dir->entries[i++] = entry;
}
dir->sorted = dir->nr = i;
}
/*
* Return true if refname, which has the specified oid and flags, can
* be resolved to an object in the database. If the referred-to object
* does not exist, emit a warning and return false.
*/
static int ref_resolves_to_object(const char *refname,
const struct object_id *oid,
unsigned int flags)
{
if (flags & REF_ISBROKEN)
return 0;
if (!has_sha1_file(oid->hash)) {
error("%s does not point to a valid object!", refname);
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/*
* Return true if the reference described by entry can be resolved to
* an object in the database; otherwise, emit a warning and return
* false.
*/
static int entry_resolves_to_object(struct ref_entry *entry)
{
return ref_resolves_to_object(entry->name,
&entry->u.value.oid, entry->flag);
}
typedef int each_ref_entry_fn(struct ref_entry *entry, void *cb_data);
/*
* Call fn for each reference in dir that has index in the range
* offset <= index < dir->nr. Recurse into subdirectories that are in
* that index range, sorting them before iterating. This function
* does not sort dir itself; it should be sorted beforehand. fn is
* called for all references, including broken ones.
*/
static int do_for_each_entry_in_dir(struct ref_dir *dir, int offset,
each_ref_entry_fn fn, void *cb_data)
{
int i;
assert(dir->sorted == dir->nr);
for (i = offset; i < dir->nr; i++) {
struct ref_entry *entry = dir->entries[i];
int retval;
if (entry->flag & REF_DIR) {
struct ref_dir *subdir = get_ref_dir(entry);
sort_ref_dir(subdir);
retval = do_for_each_entry_in_dir(subdir, 0, fn, cb_data);
} else {
retval = fn(entry, cb_data);
}
if (retval)
return retval;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Load all of the refs from the dir into our in-memory cache. The hard work
* of loading loose refs is done by get_ref_dir(), so we just need to recurse
* through all of the sub-directories. We do not even need to care about
* sorting, as traversal order does not matter to us.
*/
static void prime_ref_dir(struct ref_dir *dir)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < dir->nr; i++) {
struct ref_entry *entry = dir->entries[i];
if (entry->flag & REF_DIR)
prime_ref_dir(get_ref_dir(entry));
}
}
/*
* A level in the reference hierarchy that is currently being iterated
* through.
*/
struct cache_ref_iterator_level {
/*
* The ref_dir being iterated over at this level. The ref_dir
* is sorted before being stored here.
*/
struct ref_dir *dir;
/*
* The index of the current entry within dir (which might
* itself be a directory). If index == -1, then the iteration
* hasn't yet begun. If index == dir->nr, then the iteration
* through this level is over.
*/
int index;
};
/*
* Represent an iteration through a ref_dir in the memory cache. The
* iteration recurses through subdirectories.
*/
struct cache_ref_iterator {
struct ref_iterator base;
/*
* The number of levels currently on the stack. This is always
* at least 1, because when it becomes zero the iteration is
* ended and this struct is freed.
*/
size_t levels_nr;
/* The number of levels that have been allocated on the stack */
size_t levels_alloc;
/*
* A stack of levels. levels[0] is the uppermost level that is
* being iterated over in this iteration. (This is not
* necessary the top level in the references hierarchy. If we
* are iterating through a subtree, then levels[0] will hold
* the ref_dir for that subtree, and subsequent levels will go
* on from there.)
*/
struct cache_ref_iterator_level *levels;
};
static int cache_ref_iterator_advance(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
{
struct cache_ref_iterator *iter =
(struct cache_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
while (1) {
struct cache_ref_iterator_level *level =
&iter->levels[iter->levels_nr - 1];
struct ref_dir *dir = level->dir;
struct ref_entry *entry;
if (level->index == -1)
sort_ref_dir(dir);
if (++level->index == level->dir->nr) {
/* This level is exhausted; pop up a level */
if (--iter->levels_nr == 0)
return ref_iterator_abort(ref_iterator);
continue;
}
entry = dir->entries[level->index];
if (entry->flag & REF_DIR) {
/* push down a level */
ALLOC_GROW(iter->levels, iter->levels_nr + 1,
iter->levels_alloc);
level = &iter->levels[iter->levels_nr++];
level->dir = get_ref_dir(entry);
level->index = -1;
} else {
iter->base.refname = entry->name;
iter->base.oid = &entry->u.value.oid;
iter->base.flags = entry->flag;
return ITER_OK;
}
}
}
static enum peel_status peel_entry(struct ref_entry *entry, int repeel);
static int cache_ref_iterator_peel(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator,
struct object_id *peeled)
{
struct cache_ref_iterator *iter =
(struct cache_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
struct cache_ref_iterator_level *level;
struct ref_entry *entry;
level = &iter->levels[iter->levels_nr - 1];
if (level->index == -1)
die("BUG: peel called before advance for cache iterator");
entry = level->dir->entries[level->index];
if (peel_entry(entry, 0))
return -1;
hashcpy(peeled->hash, entry->u.value.peeled.hash);
return 0;
}
static int cache_ref_iterator_abort(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
{
struct cache_ref_iterator *iter =
(struct cache_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
free(iter->levels);
base_ref_iterator_free(ref_iterator);
return ITER_DONE;
}
static struct ref_iterator_vtable cache_ref_iterator_vtable = {
cache_ref_iterator_advance,
cache_ref_iterator_peel,
cache_ref_iterator_abort
};
static struct ref_iterator *cache_ref_iterator_begin(struct ref_dir *dir)
{
struct cache_ref_iterator *iter;
struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator;
struct cache_ref_iterator_level *level;
iter = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*iter));
ref_iterator = &iter->base;
base_ref_iterator_init(ref_iterator, &cache_ref_iterator_vtable);
ALLOC_GROW(iter->levels, 10, iter->levels_alloc);
iter->levels_nr = 1;
level = &iter->levels[0];
level->index = -1;
level->dir = dir;
return ref_iterator;
}
struct nonmatching_ref_data {
const struct string_list *skip;
const char *conflicting_refname;
};
static int nonmatching_ref_fn(struct ref_entry *entry, void *vdata)
{
struct nonmatching_ref_data *data = vdata;
if (data->skip && string_list_has_string(data->skip, entry->name))
return 0;
data->conflicting_refname = entry->name;
return 1;
}
/*
* Return 0 if a reference named refname could be created without
* conflicting with the name of an existing reference in dir.
* See verify_refname_available for more information.
*/
static int verify_refname_available_dir(const char *refname,
const struct string_list *extras,
const struct string_list *skip,
struct ref_dir *dir,
struct strbuf *err)
{
const char *slash;
const char *extra_refname;
int pos;
struct strbuf dirname = STRBUF_INIT;
int ret = -1;
/*
* For the sake of comments in this function, suppose that
* refname is "refs/foo/bar".
*/
assert(err);
strbuf_grow(&dirname, strlen(refname) + 1);
for (slash = strchr(refname, '/'); slash; slash = strchr(slash + 1, '/')) {
/* Expand dirname to the new prefix, not including the trailing slash: */
strbuf_add(&dirname, refname + dirname.len, slash - refname - dirname.len);
/*
* We are still at a leading dir of the refname (e.g.,
* "refs/foo"; if there is a reference with that name,
* it is a conflict, *unless* it is in skip.
*/
if (dir) {
pos = search_ref_dir(dir, dirname.buf, dirname.len);
if (pos >= 0 &&
(!skip || !string_list_has_string(skip, dirname.buf))) {
/*
* We found a reference whose name is
* a proper prefix of refname; e.g.,
* "refs/foo", and is not in skip.
*/
strbuf_addf(err, "'%s' exists; cannot create '%s'",
dirname.buf, refname);
goto cleanup;
}
}
if (extras && string_list_has_string(extras, dirname.buf) &&
(!skip || !string_list_has_string(skip, dirname.buf))) {
strbuf_addf(err, "cannot process '%s' and '%s' at the same time",
refname, dirname.buf);
goto cleanup;
}
/*
* Otherwise, we can try to continue our search with
* the next component. So try to look up the
* directory, e.g., "refs/foo/". If we come up empty,
* we know there is nothing under this whole prefix,
* but even in that case we still have to continue the
* search for conflicts with extras.
*/
strbuf_addch(&dirname, '/');
if (dir) {
pos = search_ref_dir(dir, dirname.buf, dirname.len);
if (pos < 0) {
/*
* There was no directory "refs/foo/",
* so there is nothing under this
* whole prefix. So there is no need
* to continue looking for conflicting
* references. But we need to continue
* looking for conflicting extras.
*/
dir = NULL;
} else {
dir = get_ref_dir(dir->entries[pos]);
}
}
}
/*
* We are at the leaf of our refname (e.g., "refs/foo/bar").
* There is no point in searching for a reference with that
* name, because a refname isn't considered to conflict with
* itself. But we still need to check for references whose
* names are in the "refs/foo/bar/" namespace, because they
* *do* conflict.
*/
strbuf_addstr(&dirname, refname + dirname.len);
strbuf_addch(&dirname, '/');
if (dir) {
pos = search_ref_dir(dir, dirname.buf, dirname.len);
if (pos >= 0) {
/*
* We found a directory named "$refname/"
* (e.g., "refs/foo/bar/"). It is a problem
* iff it contains any ref that is not in
* "skip".
*/
struct nonmatching_ref_data data;
data.skip = skip;
data.conflicting_refname = NULL;
dir = get_ref_dir(dir->entries[pos]);
sort_ref_dir(dir);
if (do_for_each_entry_in_dir(dir, 0, nonmatching_ref_fn, &data)) {
strbuf_addf(err, "'%s' exists; cannot create '%s'",
data.conflicting_refname, refname);
goto cleanup;
}
}
}
extra_refname = find_descendant_ref(dirname.buf, extras, skip);
if (extra_refname)
strbuf_addf(err, "cannot process '%s' and '%s' at the same time",
refname, extra_refname);
else
ret = 0;
cleanup:
strbuf_release(&dirname);
return ret;
}
struct packed_ref_cache {
struct ref_entry *root;
/*
* Count of references to the data structure in this instance,
* including the pointer from ref_cache::packed if any. The
* data will not be freed as long as the reference count is
* nonzero.
*/
unsigned int referrers;
/*
* Iff the packed-refs file associated with this instance is
* currently locked for writing, this points at the associated
* lock (which is owned by somebody else). The referrer count
* is also incremented when the file is locked and decremented
* when it is unlocked.
*/
struct lock_file *lock;
/* The metadata from when this packed-refs cache was read */
struct stat_validity validity;
};
/*
* Future: need to be in "struct repository"
* when doing a full libification.
*/
static struct ref_cache {
struct ref_cache *next;
struct ref_entry *loose;
struct packed_ref_cache *packed;
/*
* The submodule name, or "" for the main repo. We allocate
* length 1 rather than FLEX_ARRAY so that the main ref_cache
* is initialized correctly.
*/
char name[1];
} ref_cache, *submodule_ref_caches;
/* Lock used for the main packed-refs file: */
static struct lock_file packlock;
/*
* Increment the reference count of *packed_refs.
*/
static void acquire_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
{
packed_refs->referrers++;
}
/*
* Decrease the reference count of *packed_refs. If it goes to zero,
* free *packed_refs and return true; otherwise return false.
*/
static int release_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
{
if (!--packed_refs->referrers) {
free_ref_entry(packed_refs->root);
stat_validity_clear(&packed_refs->validity);
free(packed_refs);
return 1;
} else {
return 0;
}
}
static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct ref_cache *refs)
{
if (refs->packed) {
struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = refs->packed;
if (packed_refs->lock)
die("internal error: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
refs->packed = NULL;
release_packed_ref_cache(packed_refs);
}
}
static void clear_loose_ref_cache(struct ref_cache *refs)
{
if (refs->loose) {
free_ref_entry(refs->loose);
refs->loose = NULL;
}
}
/*
* Create a new submodule ref cache and add it to the internal
* set of caches.
*/
static struct ref_cache *create_ref_cache(const char *submodule)
{
struct ref_cache *refs;
if (!submodule)
submodule = "";
FLEX_ALLOC_STR(refs, name, submodule);
refs->next = submodule_ref_caches;
submodule_ref_caches = refs;
return refs;
}
static struct ref_cache *lookup_ref_cache(const char *submodule)
{
struct ref_cache *refs;
if (!submodule || !*submodule)
return &ref_cache;
for (refs = submodule_ref_caches; refs; refs = refs->next)
if (!strcmp(submodule, refs->name))
return refs;
return NULL;
}
/*
* Return a pointer to a ref_cache for the specified submodule. For
* the main repository, use submodule==NULL; such a call cannot fail.
* For a submodule, the submodule must exist and be a nonbare
* repository, otherwise return NULL.
*
* The returned structure will be allocated and initialized but not
* necessarily populated; it should not be freed.
*/
static struct ref_cache *get_ref_cache(const char *submodule)
{
struct ref_cache *refs = lookup_ref_cache(submodule);
if (!refs) {
struct strbuf submodule_sb = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addstr(&submodule_sb, submodule);
if (is_nonbare_repository_dir(&submodule_sb))
refs = create_ref_cache(submodule);
strbuf_release(&submodule_sb);
}
return refs;
}
/* The length of a peeled reference line in packed-refs, including EOL: */
#define PEELED_LINE_LENGTH 42
/*
* The packed-refs header line that we write out. Perhaps other
* traits will be added later. The trailing space is required.
*/
static const char PACKED_REFS_HEADER[] =
"# pack-refs with: peeled fully-peeled \n";
/*
* Parse one line from a packed-refs file. Write the SHA1 to sha1.
* Return a pointer to the refname within the line (null-terminated),
* or NULL if there was a problem.
*/
static const char *parse_ref_line(struct strbuf *line, unsigned char *sha1)
{
const char *ref;
/*
* 42: the answer to everything.
*
* In this case, it happens to be the answer to
* 40 (length of sha1 hex representation)
* +1 (space in between hex and name)
* +1 (newline at the end of the line)
*/
if (line->len <= 42)
return NULL;
if (get_sha1_hex(line->buf, sha1) < 0)
return NULL;
if (!isspace(line->buf[40]))
return NULL;
ref = line->buf + 41;
if (isspace(*ref))
return NULL;
if (line->buf[line->len - 1] != '\n')
return NULL;
line->buf[--line->len] = 0;
return ref;
}
/*
* Read f, which is a packed-refs file, into dir.
*
* A comment line of the form "# pack-refs with: " may contain zero or
* more traits. We interpret the traits as follows:
*
* No traits:
*
* Probably no references are peeled. But if the file contains a
* peeled value for a reference, we will use it.
*
* peeled:
*
* References under "refs/tags/", if they *can* be peeled, *are*
* peeled in this file. References outside of "refs/tags/" are
* probably not peeled even if they could have been, but if we find
* a peeled value for such a reference we will use it.
*
* fully-peeled:
*
* All references in the file that can be peeled are peeled.
* Inversely (and this is more important), any references in the
* file for which no peeled value is recorded is not peelable. This
* trait should typically be written alongside "peeled" for
* compatibility with older clients, but we do not require it
* (i.e., "peeled" is a no-op if "fully-peeled" is set).
*/
static void read_packed_refs(FILE *f, struct ref_dir *dir)
{
struct ref_entry *last = NULL;
struct strbuf line = STRBUF_INIT;
enum { PEELED_NONE, PEELED_TAGS, PEELED_FULLY } peeled = PEELED_NONE;
while (strbuf_getwholeline(&line, f, '\n') != EOF) {
unsigned char sha1[20];
const char *refname;
const char *traits;
if (skip_prefix(line.buf, "# pack-refs with:", &traits)) {
if (strstr(traits, " fully-peeled "))
peeled = PEELED_FULLY;
else if (strstr(traits, " peeled "))
peeled = PEELED_TAGS;
/* perhaps other traits later as well */
continue;
}
refname = parse_ref_line(&line, sha1);
if (refname) {
int flag = REF_ISPACKED;
if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL)) {
if (!refname_is_safe(refname))
die("packed refname is dangerous: %s", refname);
hashclr(sha1);
flag |= REF_BAD_NAME | REF_ISBROKEN;
}
last = create_ref_entry(refname, sha1, flag, 0);
if (peeled == PEELED_FULLY ||
(peeled == PEELED_TAGS && starts_with(refname, "refs/tags/")))
last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
add_ref(dir, last);
continue;
}
if (last &&
line.buf[0] == '^' &&
line.len == PEELED_LINE_LENGTH &&
line.buf[PEELED_LINE_LENGTH - 1] == '\n' &&
!get_sha1_hex(line.buf + 1, sha1)) {
hashcpy(last->u.value.peeled.hash, sha1);
/*
* Regardless of what the file header said,
* we definitely know the value of *this*
* reference:
*/
last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
}
}
strbuf_release(&line);
}
/*
* Get the packed_ref_cache for the specified ref_cache, creating it
* if necessary.
*/
static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct ref_cache *refs)
{
char *packed_refs_file;
if (*refs->name)
packed_refs_file = git_pathdup_submodule(refs->name, "packed-refs");
else
packed_refs_file = git_pathdup("packed-refs");
if (refs->packed &&
!stat_validity_check(&refs->packed->validity, packed_refs_file))
clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
if (!refs->packed) {
FILE *f;
refs->packed = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*refs->packed));
acquire_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed);
refs->packed->root = create_dir_entry(refs, "", 0, 0);
f = fopen(packed_refs_file, "r");
if (f) {
stat_validity_update(&refs->packed->validity, fileno(f));
read_packed_refs(f, get_ref_dir(refs->packed->root));
fclose(f);
}
}
free(packed_refs_file);
return refs->packed;
}
static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache)
{
return get_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache->root);
}
static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct ref_cache *refs)
{
return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs));
}
/*
* Add a reference to the in-memory packed reference cache. This may
* only be called while the packed-refs file is locked (see
* lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file, call
* commit_packed_refs().
*/
static void add_packed_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1)
{
struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
get_packed_ref_cache(&ref_cache);
if (!packed_ref_cache->lock)
die("internal error: packed refs not locked");
add_ref(get_packed_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache),
create_ref_entry(refname, sha1, REF_ISPACKED, 1));
}
/*
* Read the loose references from the namespace dirname into dir
* (without recursing). dirname must end with '/'. dir must be the
* directory entry corresponding to dirname.
*/
static void read_loose_refs(const char *dirname, struct ref_dir *dir)
{
struct ref_cache *refs = dir->ref_cache;
DIR *d;
struct dirent *de;
int dirnamelen = strlen(dirname);
struct strbuf refname;
struct strbuf path = STRBUF_INIT;
size_t path_baselen;
if (*refs->name)
strbuf_git_path_submodule(&path, refs->name, "%s", dirname);
else
strbuf_git_path(&path, "%s", dirname);
path_baselen = path.len;
d = opendir(path.buf);
if (!d) {
strbuf_release(&path);
return;
}
strbuf_init(&refname, dirnamelen + 257);
strbuf_add(&refname, dirname, dirnamelen);
while ((de = readdir(d)) != NULL) {
unsigned char sha1[20];
struct stat st;
int flag;
if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
continue;
if (ends_with(de->d_name, ".lock"))
continue;
strbuf_addstr(&refname, de->d_name);
strbuf_addstr(&path, de->d_name);
if (stat(path.buf, &st) < 0) {
; /* silently ignore */
} else if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
strbuf_addch(&refname, '/');
add_entry_to_dir(dir,
create_dir_entry(refs, refname.buf,
refname.len, 1));
} else {
int read_ok;
if (*refs->name) {
hashclr(sha1);
flag = 0;
read_ok = !resolve_gitlink_ref(refs->name,
refname.buf, sha1);
} else {
read_ok = !read_ref_full(refname.buf,
RESOLVE_REF_READING,
sha1, &flag);
}
if (!read_ok) {
hashclr(sha1);
flag |= REF_ISBROKEN;
} else if (is_null_sha1(sha1)) {
/*
* It is so astronomically unlikely
* that NULL_SHA1 is the SHA-1 of an
* actual object that we consider its
* appearance in a loose reference
* file to be repo corruption
* (probably due to a software bug).
*/
flag |= REF_ISBROKEN;
}
if (check_refname_format(refname.buf,
REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL)) {
if (!refname_is_safe(refname.buf))
die("loose refname is dangerous: %s", refname.buf);
hashclr(sha1);
flag |= REF_BAD_NAME | REF_ISBROKEN;
}
add_entry_to_dir(dir,
create_ref_entry(refname.buf, sha1, flag, 0));
}
strbuf_setlen(&refname, dirnamelen);
strbuf_setlen(&path, path_baselen);
}
strbuf_release(&refname);
strbuf_release(&path);
closedir(d);
}
static struct ref_dir *get_loose_refs(struct ref_cache *refs)
{
if (!refs->loose) {
/*
* Mark the top-level directory complete because we
* are about to read the only subdirectory that can
* hold references:
*/
refs->loose = create_dir_entry(refs, "", 0, 0);
/*
* Create an incomplete entry for "refs/":
*/
add_entry_to_dir(get_ref_dir(refs->loose),
create_dir_entry(refs, "refs/", 5, 1));
}
return get_ref_dir(refs->loose);
}
#define MAXREFLEN (1024)
/*
* Called by resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive() after it failed to read
* from the loose refs in ref_cache refs. Find <refname> in the
* packed-refs file for the submodule.
*/
static int resolve_gitlink_packed_ref(struct ref_cache *refs,
const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
{
struct ref_entry *ref;
struct ref_dir *dir = get_packed_refs(refs);
ref = find_ref(dir, refname);
if (ref == NULL)
return -1;
hashcpy(sha1, ref->u.value.oid.hash);
return 0;
}
static int resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive(struct ref_cache *refs,
const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
int recursion)
{
int fd, len;
char buffer[128], *p;
char *path;
if (recursion > SYMREF_MAXDEPTH || strlen(refname) > MAXREFLEN)
return -1;
path = *refs->name
? git_pathdup_submodule(refs->name, "%s", refname)
: git_pathdup("%s", refname);
fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
free(path);
if (fd < 0)
return resolve_gitlink_packed_ref(refs, refname, sha1);
len = read(fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
close(fd);
if (len < 0)
return -1;
while (len && isspace(buffer[len-1]))
len--;
buffer[len] = 0;
/* Was it a detached head or an old-fashioned symlink? */
if (!get_sha1_hex(buffer, sha1))
return 0;
/* Symref? */
if (strncmp(buffer, "ref:", 4))
return -1;
p = buffer + 4;
while (isspace(*p))
p++;
return resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive(refs, p, sha1, recursion+1);
}
int resolve_gitlink_ref(const char *path, const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
{
int len = strlen(path), retval;
struct strbuf submodule = STRBUF_INIT;
struct ref_cache *refs;
while (len && path[len-1] == '/')
len--;
if (!len)
return -1;
strbuf_add(&submodule, path, len);
refs = get_ref_cache(submodule.buf);
if (!refs) {
strbuf_release(&submodule);
return -1;
}
strbuf_release(&submodule);
retval = resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive(refs, refname, sha1, 0);
return retval;
}
/*
* Return the ref_entry for the given refname from the packed
* references. If it does not exist, return NULL.
*/
static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(const char *refname)
{
return find_ref(get_packed_refs(&ref_cache), refname);
}
/*
* A loose ref file doesn't exist; check for a packed ref.
*/
static int resolve_missing_loose_ref(const char *refname,
unsigned char *sha1,
unsigned int *flags)
{
struct ref_entry *entry;
/*
* The loose reference file does not exist; check for a packed
* reference.
*/
entry = get_packed_ref(refname);
if (entry) {
hashcpy(sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
*flags |= REF_ISPACKED;
return 0;
}
/* refname is not a packed reference. */
return -1;
}
int read_raw_ref(const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
{
struct strbuf sb_contents = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf sb_path = STRBUF_INIT;
const char *path;
const char *buf;
struct stat st;
int fd;
int ret = -1;
int save_errno;
*type = 0;
strbuf_reset(&sb_path);
strbuf_git_path(&sb_path, "%s", refname);
path = sb_path.buf;
stat_ref:
/*
* We might have to loop back here to avoid a race
* condition: first we lstat() the file, then we try
* to read it as a link or as a file. But if somebody
* changes the type of the file (file <-> directory
* <-> symlink) between the lstat() and reading, then
* we don't want to report that as an error but rather
* try again starting with the lstat().
*/
if (lstat(path, &st) < 0) {
if (errno != ENOENT)
goto out;
if (resolve_missing_loose_ref(refname, sha1, type)) {
errno = ENOENT;
goto out;
}
ret = 0;
goto out;
}
/* Follow "normalized" - ie "refs/.." symlinks by hand */
if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) {
strbuf_reset(&sb_contents);
if (strbuf_readlink(&sb_contents, path, 0) < 0) {
if (errno == ENOENT || errno == EINVAL)
/* inconsistent with lstat; retry */
goto stat_ref;
else
goto out;
}
if (starts_with(sb_contents.buf, "refs/") &&
!check_refname_format(sb_contents.buf, 0)) {
strbuf_swap(&sb_contents, referent);
*type |= REF_ISSYMREF;
ret = 0;
goto out;
}
}
/* Is it a directory? */
if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
/*
* Even though there is a directory where the loose
* ref is supposed to be, there could still be a
* packed ref:
*/
if (resolve_missing_loose_ref(refname, sha1, type)) {
errno = EISDIR;
goto out;
}
ret = 0;
goto out;
}
/*
* Anything else, just open it and try to use it as
* a ref
*/
fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0) {
if (errno == ENOENT)
/* inconsistent with lstat; retry */
goto stat_ref;
else
goto out;
}
strbuf_reset(&sb_contents);
if (strbuf_read(&sb_contents, fd, 256) < 0) {
int save_errno = errno;
close(fd);
errno = save_errno;
goto out;
}
close(fd);
strbuf_rtrim(&sb_contents);
buf = sb_contents.buf;
if (starts_with(buf, "ref:")) {
buf += 4;
while (isspace(*buf))
buf++;
strbuf_reset(referent);
strbuf_addstr(referent, buf);
*type |= REF_ISSYMREF;
ret = 0;
goto out;
}
/*
* Please note that FETCH_HEAD has additional
* data after the sha.
*/
if (get_sha1_hex(buf, sha1) ||
(buf[40] != '\0' && !isspace(buf[40]))) {
*type |= REF_ISBROKEN;
errno = EINVAL;
goto out;
}
ret = 0;
out:
save_errno = errno;
strbuf_release(&sb_path);
strbuf_release(&sb_contents);
errno = save_errno;
return ret;
}
static void unlock_ref(struct ref_lock *lock)
{
/* Do not free lock->lk -- atexit() still looks at them */
if (lock->lk)
rollback_lock_file(lock->lk);
free(lock->ref_name);
free(lock);
}
/*
* Lock refname, without following symrefs, and set *lock_p to point
* at a newly-allocated lock object. Fill in lock->old_oid, referent,
* and type similarly to read_raw_ref().
*
* The caller must verify that refname is a "safe" reference name (in
* the sense of refname_is_safe()) before calling this function.
*
* If the reference doesn't already exist, verify that refname doesn't
* have a D/F conflict with any existing references. extras and skip
* are passed to verify_refname_available_dir() for this check.
*
* If mustexist is not set and the reference is not found or is
* broken, lock the reference anyway but clear sha1.
*
* Return 0 on success. On failure, write an error message to err and
* return TRANSACTION_NAME_CONFLICT or TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR.
*
* Implementation note: This function is basically
*
* lock reference
* read_raw_ref()
*
* but it includes a lot more code to
* - Deal with possible races with other processes
* - Avoid calling verify_refname_available_dir() when it can be
* avoided, namely if we were successfully able to read the ref
* - Generate informative error messages in the case of failure
*/
static int lock_raw_ref(const char *refname, int mustexist,
const struct string_list *extras,
const struct string_list *skip,
struct ref_lock **lock_p,
struct strbuf *referent,
unsigned int *type,
struct strbuf *err)
{
struct ref_lock *lock;
struct strbuf ref_file = STRBUF_INIT;
int attempts_remaining = 3;
int ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
assert(err);
*type = 0;
/* First lock the file so it can't change out from under us. */
*lock_p = lock = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*lock));
lock->ref_name = xstrdup(refname);
strbuf_git_path(&ref_file, "%s", refname);
retry:
switch (safe_create_leading_directories(ref_file.buf)) {
case SCLD_OK:
break; /* success */
case SCLD_EXISTS:
/*
* Suppose refname is "refs/foo/bar". We just failed
* to create the containing directory, "refs/foo",
* because there was a non-directory in the way. This
* indicates a D/F conflict, probably because of
* another reference such as "refs/foo". There is no
* reason to expect this error to be transitory.
*/
if (verify_refname_available(refname, extras, skip, err)) {
if (mustexist) {
/*
* To the user the relevant error is
* that the "mustexist" reference is
* missing:
*/
strbuf_reset(err);
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to resolve reference '%s'",
refname);
} else {
/*
* The error message set by
* verify_refname_available_dir() is OK.
*/
ret = TRANSACTION_NAME_CONFLICT;
}
} else {
/*
* The file that is in the way isn't a loose
* reference. Report it as a low-level
* failure.
*/
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create lock file %s.lock; "
"non-directory in the way",
ref_file.buf);
}
goto error_return;
case SCLD_VANISHED:
/* Maybe another process was tidying up. Try again. */
if (--attempts_remaining > 0)
goto retry;
/* fall through */
default:
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create directory for %s",
ref_file.buf);
goto error_return;
}
if (!lock->lk)
lock->lk = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
if (hold_lock_file_for_update(lock->lk, ref_file.buf, LOCK_NO_DEREF) < 0) {
if (errno == ENOENT && --attempts_remaining > 0) {
/*
* Maybe somebody just deleted one of the
* directories leading to ref_file. Try
* again:
*/
goto retry;
} else {
unable_to_lock_message(ref_file.buf, errno, err);
goto error_return;
}
}
/*
* Now we hold the lock and can read the reference without
* fear that its value will change.
*/
if (read_raw_ref(refname, lock->old_oid.hash, referent, type)) {
if (errno == ENOENT) {
if (mustexist) {
/* Garden variety missing reference. */
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to resolve reference '%s'",
refname);
goto error_return;
} else {
/*
* Reference is missing, but that's OK. We
* know that there is not a conflict with
* another loose reference because
* (supposing that we are trying to lock
* reference "refs/foo/bar"):
*
* - We were successfully able to create
* the lockfile refs/foo/bar.lock, so we
* know there cannot be a loose reference
* named "refs/foo".
*
* - We got ENOENT and not EISDIR, so we
* know that there cannot be a loose
* reference named "refs/foo/bar/baz".
*/
}
} else if (errno == EISDIR) {
/*
* There is a directory in the way. It might have
* contained references that have been deleted. If
* we don't require that the reference already
* exists, try to remove the directory so that it
* doesn't cause trouble when we want to rename the
* lockfile into place later.
*/
if (mustexist) {
/* Garden variety missing reference. */
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to resolve reference '%s'",
refname);
goto error_return;
} else if (remove_dir_recursively(&ref_file,
REMOVE_DIR_EMPTY_ONLY)) {
if (verify_refname_available_dir(
refname, extras, skip,
get_loose_refs(&ref_cache),
err)) {
/*
* The error message set by
* verify_refname_available() is OK.
*/
ret = TRANSACTION_NAME_CONFLICT;
goto error_return;
} else {
/*
* We can't delete the directory,
* but we also don't know of any
* references that it should
* contain.
*/
strbuf_addf(err, "there is a non-empty directory '%s' "
"blocking reference '%s'",
ref_file.buf, refname);
goto error_return;
}
}
} else if (errno == EINVAL && (*type & REF_ISBROKEN)) {
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to resolve reference '%s': "
"reference broken", refname);
goto error_return;
} else {
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to resolve reference '%s': %s",
refname, strerror(errno));
goto error_return;
}
/*
* If the ref did not exist and we are creating it,
* make sure there is no existing packed ref whose
* name begins with our refname, nor a packed ref
* whose name is a proper prefix of our refname.
*/
if (verify_refname_available_dir(
refname, extras, skip,
get_packed_refs(&ref_cache),
err)) {
goto error_return;
}
}
ret = 0;
goto out;
error_return:
unlock_ref(lock);
*lock_p = NULL;
out:
strbuf_release(&ref_file);
return ret;
}
/*
* Peel the entry (if possible) and return its new peel_status. If
* repeel is true, re-peel the entry even if there is an old peeled
* value that is already stored in it.
*
* It is OK to call this function with a packed reference entry that
* might be stale and might even refer to an object that has since
* been garbage-collected. In such a case, if the entry has
* REF_KNOWS_PEELED then leave the status unchanged and return
* PEEL_PEELED or PEEL_NON_TAG; otherwise, return PEEL_INVALID.
*/
static enum peel_status peel_entry(struct ref_entry *entry, int repeel)
{
enum peel_status status;
if (entry->flag & REF_KNOWS_PEELED) {
if (repeel) {
entry->flag &= ~REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
oidclr(&entry->u.value.peeled);
} else {
return is_null_oid(&entry->u.value.peeled) ?
PEEL_NON_TAG : PEEL_PEELED;
}
}
if (entry->flag & REF_ISBROKEN)
return PEEL_BROKEN;
if (entry->flag & REF_ISSYMREF)
return PEEL_IS_SYMREF;
status = peel_object(entry->u.value.oid.hash, entry->u.value.peeled.hash);
if (status == PEEL_PEELED || status == PEEL_NON_TAG)
entry->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
return status;
}
int peel_ref(const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
{
int flag;
unsigned char base[20];
if (current_ref_iter && current_ref_iter->refname == refname) {
struct object_id peeled;
if (ref_iterator_peel(current_ref_iter, &peeled))
return -1;
hashcpy(sha1, peeled.hash);
return 0;
}
if (read_ref_full(refname, RESOLVE_REF_READING, base, &flag))
return -1;
/*
* If the reference is packed, read its ref_entry from the
* cache in the hope that we already know its peeled value.
* We only try this optimization on packed references because
* (a) forcing the filling of the loose reference cache could
* be expensive and (b) loose references anyway usually do not
* have REF_KNOWS_PEELED.
*/
if (flag & REF_ISPACKED) {
struct ref_entry *r = get_packed_ref(refname);
if (r) {
if (peel_entry(r, 0))
return -1;
hashcpy(sha1, r->u.value.peeled.hash);
return 0;
}
}
return peel_object(base, sha1);
}
struct files_ref_iterator {
struct ref_iterator base;
struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
struct ref_iterator *iter0;
unsigned int flags;
};
static int files_ref_iterator_advance(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
{
struct files_ref_iterator *iter =
(struct files_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
int ok;
while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter->iter0)) == ITER_OK) {
if (!(iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN) &&
!ref_resolves_to_object(iter->iter0->refname,
iter->iter0->oid,
iter->iter0->flags))
continue;
iter->base.refname = iter->iter0->refname;
iter->base.oid = iter->iter0->oid;
iter->base.flags = iter->iter0->flags;
return ITER_OK;
}
iter->iter0 = NULL;
if (ref_iterator_abort(ref_iterator) != ITER_DONE)
ok = ITER_ERROR;
return ok;
}
static int files_ref_iterator_peel(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator,
struct object_id *peeled)
{
struct files_ref_iterator *iter =
(struct files_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
return ref_iterator_peel(iter->iter0, peeled);
}
static int files_ref_iterator_abort(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
{
struct files_ref_iterator *iter =
(struct files_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
int ok = ITER_DONE;
if (iter->iter0)
ok = ref_iterator_abort(iter->iter0);
release_packed_ref_cache(iter->packed_ref_cache);
base_ref_iterator_free(ref_iterator);
return ok;
}
static struct ref_iterator_vtable files_ref_iterator_vtable = {
files_ref_iterator_advance,
files_ref_iterator_peel,
files_ref_iterator_abort
};
struct ref_iterator *files_ref_iterator_begin(
const char *submodule,
const char *prefix, unsigned int flags)
{
struct ref_cache *refs = get_ref_cache(submodule);
struct ref_dir *loose_dir, *packed_dir;
struct ref_iterator *loose_iter, *packed_iter;
struct files_ref_iterator *iter;
struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator;
if (!refs)
return empty_ref_iterator_begin();
if (ref_paranoia < 0)
ref_paranoia = git_env_bool("GIT_REF_PARANOIA", 0);
if (ref_paranoia)
flags |= DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN;
iter = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*iter));
ref_iterator = &iter->base;
base_ref_iterator_init(ref_iterator, &files_ref_iterator_vtable);
/*
* We must make sure that all loose refs are read before
* accessing the packed-refs file; this avoids a race
* condition if loose refs are migrated to the packed-refs
* file by a simultaneous process, but our in-memory view is
* from before the migration. We ensure this as follows:
* First, we call prime_ref_dir(), which pre-reads the loose
* references for the subtree into the cache. (If they've
* already been read, that's OK; we only need to guarantee
* that they're read before the packed refs, not *how much*
* before.) After that, we call get_packed_ref_cache(), which
* internally checks whether the packed-ref cache is up to
* date with what is on disk, and re-reads it if not.
*/
loose_dir = get_loose_refs(refs);
if (prefix && *prefix)
loose_dir = find_containing_dir(loose_dir, prefix, 0);
if (loose_dir) {
prime_ref_dir(loose_dir);
loose_iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(loose_dir);
} else {
/* There's nothing to iterate over. */
loose_iter = empty_ref_iterator_begin();
}
iter->packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
acquire_packed_ref_cache(iter->packed_ref_cache);
packed_dir = get_packed_ref_dir(iter->packed_ref_cache);
if (prefix && *prefix)
packed_dir = find_containing_dir(packed_dir, prefix, 0);
if (packed_dir) {
packed_iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(packed_dir);
} else {
/* There's nothing to iterate over. */
packed_iter = empty_ref_iterator_begin();
}
iter->iter0 = overlay_ref_iterator_begin(loose_iter, packed_iter);
iter->flags = flags;
return ref_iterator;
}
/*
* Verify that the reference locked by lock has the value old_sha1.
* Fail if the reference doesn't exist and mustexist is set. Return 0
* on success. On error, write an error message to err, set errno, and
* return a negative value.
*/
static int verify_lock(struct ref_lock *lock,
const unsigned char *old_sha1, int mustexist,
struct strbuf *err)
{
assert(err);
if (read_ref_full(lock->ref_name,
mustexist ? RESOLVE_REF_READING : 0,
lock->old_oid.hash, NULL)) {
if (old_sha1) {
int save_errno = errno;
strbuf_addf(err, "can't verify ref '%s'", lock->ref_name);
errno = save_errno;
return -1;
} else {
oidclr(&lock->old_oid);
return 0;
}
}
if (old_sha1 && hashcmp(lock->old_oid.hash, old_sha1)) {
strbuf_addf(err, "ref '%s' is at %s but expected %s",
lock->ref_name,
oid_to_hex(&lock->old_oid),
sha1_to_hex(old_sha1));
errno = EBUSY;
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
static int remove_empty_directories(struct strbuf *path)
{
/*
* we want to create a file but there is a directory there;
* if that is an empty directory (or a directory that contains
* only empty directories), remove them.
*/
return remove_dir_recursively(path, REMOVE_DIR_EMPTY_ONLY);
}
/*
* Locks a ref returning the lock on success and NULL on failure.
* On failure errno is set to something meaningful.
*/
static struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1_basic(const char *refname,
const unsigned char *old_sha1,
const struct string_list *extras,
const struct string_list *skip,
unsigned int flags, int *type,
struct strbuf *err)
{
struct strbuf ref_file = STRBUF_INIT;
struct ref_lock *lock;
int last_errno = 0;
int lflags = LOCK_NO_DEREF;
int mustexist = (old_sha1 && !is_null_sha1(old_sha1));
int resolve_flags = RESOLVE_REF_NO_RECURSE;
int attempts_remaining = 3;
int resolved;
assert(err);
lock = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct ref_lock));
if (mustexist)
resolve_flags |= RESOLVE_REF_READING;
if (flags & REF_DELETING)
resolve_flags |= RESOLVE_REF_ALLOW_BAD_NAME;
strbuf_git_path(&ref_file, "%s", refname);
resolved = !!resolve_ref_unsafe(refname, resolve_flags,
lock->old_oid.hash, type);
if (!resolved && errno == EISDIR) {
/*
* we are trying to lock foo but we used to
* have foo/bar which now does not exist;
* it is normal for the empty directory 'foo'
* to remain.
*/
if (remove_empty_directories(&ref_file)) {
last_errno = errno;
if (!verify_refname_available_dir(refname, extras, skip,
get_loose_refs(&ref_cache), err))
strbuf_addf(err, "there are still refs under '%s'",
refname);
goto error_return;
}
resolved = !!resolve_ref_unsafe(refname, resolve_flags,
lock->old_oid.hash, type);
}
if (!resolved) {
last_errno = errno;
if (last_errno != ENOTDIR ||
!verify_refname_available_dir(refname, extras, skip,
get_loose_refs(&ref_cache), err))
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to resolve reference '%s': %s",
refname, strerror(last_errno));
goto error_return;
}
/*
* If the ref did not exist and we are creating it, make sure
* there is no existing packed ref whose name begins with our
* refname, nor a packed ref whose name is a proper prefix of
* our refname.
*/
if (is_null_oid(&lock->old_oid) &&
verify_refname_available_dir(refname, extras, skip,
get_packed_refs(&ref_cache), err)) {
last_errno = ENOTDIR;
goto error_return;
}
lock->lk = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
lock->ref_name = xstrdup(refname);
retry:
switch (safe_create_leading_directories_const(ref_file.buf)) {
case SCLD_OK:
break; /* success */
case SCLD_VANISHED:
if (--attempts_remaining > 0)
goto retry;
/* fall through */
default:
last_errno = errno;
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create directory for '%s'",
ref_file.buf);
goto error_return;
}
if (hold_lock_file_for_update(lock->lk, ref_file.buf, lflags) < 0) {
last_errno = errno;
if (errno == ENOENT && --attempts_remaining > 0)
/*
* Maybe somebody just deleted one of the
* directories leading to ref_file. Try
* again:
*/
goto retry;
else {
unable_to_lock_message(ref_file.buf, errno, err);
goto error_return;
}
}
if (verify_lock(lock, old_sha1, mustexist, err)) {
last_errno = errno;
goto error_return;
}
goto out;
error_return:
unlock_ref(lock);
lock = NULL;
out:
strbuf_release(&ref_file);
errno = last_errno;
return lock;
}
/*
* Write an entry to the packed-refs file for the specified refname.
* If peeled is non-NULL, write it as the entry's peeled value.
*/
static void write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
unsigned char *peeled)
{
fprintf_or_die(fh, "%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1), refname);
if (peeled)
fprintf_or_die(fh, "^%s\n", sha1_to_hex(peeled));
}
/*
* An each_ref_entry_fn that writes the entry to a packed-refs file.
*/
static int write_packed_entry_fn(struct ref_entry *entry, void *cb_data)
{
enum peel_status peel_status = peel_entry(entry, 0);
if (peel_status != PEEL_PEELED && peel_status != PEEL_NON_TAG)
error("internal error: %s is not a valid packed reference!",
entry->name);
write_packed_entry(cb_data, entry->name, entry->u.value.oid.hash,
peel_status == PEEL_PEELED ?
entry->u.value.peeled.hash : NULL);
return 0;
}
/*
* Lock the packed-refs file for writing. Flags is passed to
* hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
* errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
*/
static int lock_packed_refs(int flags)
{
static int timeout_configured = 0;
static int timeout_value = 1000;
struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
if (!timeout_configured) {
git_config_get_int("core.packedrefstimeout", &timeout_value);
timeout_configured = 1;
}
if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
&packlock, git_path("packed-refs"),
flags, timeout_value) < 0)
return -1;
/*
* Get the current packed-refs while holding the lock. If the
* packed-refs file has been modified since we last read it,
* this will automatically invalidate the cache and re-read
* the packed-refs file.
*/
packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(&ref_cache);
packed_ref_cache->lock = &packlock;
/* Increment the reference count to prevent it from being freed: */
acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
return 0;
}
/*
* Write the current version of the packed refs cache from memory to
* disk. The packed-refs file must already be locked for writing (see
* lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, set errno
* and return a nonzero value
*/
static int commit_packed_refs(void)
{
struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
get_packed_ref_cache(&ref_cache);
int error = 0;
int save_errno = 0;
FILE *out;
if (!packed_ref_cache->lock)
die("internal error: packed-refs not locked");
out = fdopen_lock_file(packed_ref_cache->lock, "w");
if (!out)
die_errno("unable to fdopen packed-refs descriptor");
fprintf_or_die(out, "%s", PACKED_REFS_HEADER);
do_for_each_entry_in_dir(get_packed_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache),
0, write_packed_entry_fn, out);
if (commit_lock_file(packed_ref_cache->lock)) {
save_errno = errno;
error = -1;
}
packed_ref_cache->lock = NULL;
release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
errno = save_errno;
return error;
}
/*
* Rollback the lockfile for the packed-refs file, and discard the
* in-memory packed reference cache. (The packed-refs file will be
* read anew if it is needed again after this function is called.)
*/
static void rollback_packed_refs(void)
{
struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
get_packed_ref_cache(&ref_cache);
if (!packed_ref_cache->lock)
die("internal error: packed-refs not locked");
rollback_lock_file(packed_ref_cache->lock);
packed_ref_cache->lock = NULL;
release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
clear_packed_ref_cache(&ref_cache);
}
struct ref_to_prune {
struct ref_to_prune *next;
unsigned char sha1[20];
char name[FLEX_ARRAY];
};
struct pack_refs_cb_data {
unsigned int flags;
struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
struct ref_to_prune *ref_to_prune;
};
/*
* An each_ref_entry_fn that is run over loose references only. If
* the loose reference can be packed, add an entry in the packed ref
* cache. If the reference should be pruned, also add it to
* ref_to_prune in the pack_refs_cb_data.
*/
static int pack_if_possible_fn(struct ref_entry *entry, void *cb_data)
{
struct pack_refs_cb_data *cb = cb_data;
enum peel_status peel_status;
struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
int is_tag_ref = starts_with(entry->name, "refs/tags/");
/* Do not pack per-worktree refs: */
if (ref_type(entry->name) != REF_TYPE_NORMAL)
return 0;
/* ALWAYS pack tags */
if (!(cb->flags & PACK_REFS_ALL) && !is_tag_ref)
return 0;
/* Do not pack symbolic or broken refs: */
if ((entry->flag & REF_ISSYMREF) || !entry_resolves_to_object(entry))
return 0;
/* Add a packed ref cache entry equivalent to the loose entry. */
peel_status = peel_entry(entry, 1);
if (peel_status != PEEL_PEELED && peel_status != PEEL_NON_TAG)
die("internal error peeling reference %s (%s)",
entry->name, oid_to_hex(&entry->u.value.oid));
packed_entry = find_ref(cb->packed_refs, entry->name);
if (packed_entry) {
/* Overwrite existing packed entry with info from loose entry */
packed_entry->flag = REF_ISPACKED | REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
oidcpy(&packed_entry->u.value.oid, &entry->u.value.oid);
} else {
packed_entry = create_ref_entry(entry->name, entry->u.value.oid.hash,
REF_ISPACKED | REF_KNOWS_PEELED, 0);
add_ref(cb->packed_refs, packed_entry);
}
oidcpy(&packed_entry->u.value.peeled, &entry->u.value.peeled);
/* Schedule the loose reference for pruning if requested. */
if ((cb->flags & PACK_REFS_PRUNE)) {
struct ref_to_prune *n;
FLEX_ALLOC_STR(n, name, entry->name);
hashcpy(n->sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
n->next = cb->ref_to_prune;
cb->ref_to_prune = n;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Remove empty parents, but spare refs/ and immediate subdirs.
* Note: munges *name.
*/
static void try_remove_empty_parents(char *name)
{
char *p, *q;
int i;
p = name;
for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) { /* refs/{heads,tags,...}/ */
while (*p && *p != '/')
p++;
/* tolerate duplicate slashes; see check_refname_format() */
while (*p == '/')
p++;
}
for (q = p; *q; q++)
;
while (1) {
while (q > p && *q != '/')
q--;
while (q > p && *(q-1) == '/')
q--;
if (q == p)
break;
*q = '\0';
if (rmdir(git_path("%s", name)))
break;
}
}
/* make sure nobody touched the ref, and unlink */
static void prune_ref(struct ref_to_prune *r)
{
struct ref_transaction *transaction;
struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
if (check_refname_format(r->name, 0))
return;
transaction = ref_transaction_begin(&err);
if (!transaction ||
ref_transaction_delete(transaction, r->name, r->sha1,
REF_ISPRUNING | REF_NODEREF, NULL, &err) ||
ref_transaction_commit(transaction, &err)) {
ref_transaction_free(transaction);
error("%s", err.buf);
strbuf_release(&err);
return;
}
ref_transaction_free(transaction);
strbuf_release(&err);
try_remove_empty_parents(r->name);
}
static void prune_refs(struct ref_to_prune *r)
{
while (r) {
prune_ref(r);
r = r->next;
}
}
int pack_refs(unsigned int flags)
{
struct pack_refs_cb_data cbdata;
memset(&cbdata, 0, sizeof(cbdata));
cbdata.flags = flags;
lock_packed_refs(LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
cbdata.packed_refs = get_packed_refs(&ref_cache);
do_for_each_entry_in_dir(get_loose_refs(&ref_cache), 0,
pack_if_possible_fn, &cbdata);
if (commit_packed_refs())
die_errno("unable to overwrite old ref-pack file");
prune_refs(cbdata.ref_to_prune);
return 0;
}
/*
* Rewrite the packed-refs file, omitting any refs listed in
* 'refnames'. On error, leave packed-refs unchanged, write an error
* message to 'err', and return a nonzero value.
*
* The refs in 'refnames' needn't be sorted. `err` must not be NULL.
*/
static int repack_without_refs(struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err)
{
struct ref_dir *packed;
struct string_list_item *refname;
int ret, needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
assert(err);
/* Look for a packed ref */
for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames) {
if (get_packed_ref(refname->string)) {
needs_repacking = 1;
break;
}
}
/* Avoid locking if we have nothing to do */
if (!needs_repacking)
return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
if (lock_packed_refs(0)) {
unable_to_lock_message(git_path("packed-refs"), errno, err);
return -1;
}
packed = get_packed_refs(&ref_cache);
/* Remove refnames from the cache */
for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames)
if (remove_entry(packed, refname->string) != -1)
removed = 1;
if (!removed) {
/*
* All packed entries disappeared while we were
* acquiring the lock.
*/
rollback_packed_refs();
return 0;
}
/* Write what remains */
ret = commit_packed_refs();
if (ret)
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
strerror(errno));
return ret;
}
static int delete_ref_loose(struct ref_lock *lock, int flag, struct strbuf *err)
{
assert(err);
if (!(flag & REF_ISPACKED) || flag & REF_ISSYMREF) {
/*
* loose. The loose file name is the same as the
* lockfile name, minus ".lock":
*/
char *loose_filename = get_locked_file_path(lock->lk);
int res = unlink_or_msg(loose_filename, err);
free(loose_filename);
if (res)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
int delete_refs(struct string_list *refnames, unsigned int flags)
{
struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
int i, result = 0;
if (!refnames->nr)
return 0;
result = repack_without_refs(refnames, &err);
if (result) {
/*
* If we failed to rewrite the packed-refs file, then
* it is unsafe to try to remove loose refs, because
* doing so might expose an obsolete packed value for
* a reference that might even point at an object that
* has been garbage collected.
*/
if (refnames->nr == 1)
error(_("could not delete reference %s: %s"),
refnames->items[0].string, err.buf);
else
error(_("could not delete references: %s"), err.buf);
goto out;
}
for (i = 0; i < refnames->nr; i++) {
const char *refname = refnames->items[i].string;
if (delete_ref(refname, NULL, flags))
result |= error(_("could not remove reference %s"), refname);
}
out:
strbuf_release(&err);
return result;
}
/*
* People using contrib's git-new-workdir have .git/logs/refs ->
* /some/other/path/.git/logs/refs, and that may live on another device.
*
* IOW, to avoid cross device rename errors, the temporary renamed log must
* live into logs/refs.
*/
#define TMP_RENAMED_LOG "logs/refs/.tmp-renamed-log"
static int rename_tmp_log(const char *newrefname)
{
int attempts_remaining = 4;
struct strbuf path = STRBUF_INIT;
int ret = -1;
retry:
strbuf_reset(&path);
strbuf_git_path(&path, "logs/%s", newrefname);
switch (safe_create_leading_directories_const(path.buf)) {
case SCLD_OK:
break; /* success */
case SCLD_VANISHED:
if (--attempts_remaining > 0)
goto retry;
/* fall through */
default:
error("unable to create directory for %s", newrefname);
goto out;
}
if (rename(git_path(TMP_RENAMED_LOG), path.buf)) {
if ((errno==EISDIR || errno==ENOTDIR) && --attempts_remaining > 0) {
/*
* rename(a, b) when b is an existing
* directory ought to result in ISDIR, but
* Solaris 5.8 gives ENOTDIR. Sheesh.
*/
if (remove_empty_directories(&path)) {
error("Directory not empty: logs/%s", newrefname);
goto out;
}
goto retry;
} else if (errno == ENOENT && --attempts_remaining > 0) {
/*
* Maybe another process just deleted one of
* the directories in the path to newrefname.
* Try again from the beginning.
*/
goto retry;
} else {
error("unable to move logfile "TMP_RENAMED_LOG" to logs/%s: %s",
newrefname, strerror(errno));
goto out;
}
}
ret = 0;
out:
strbuf_release(&path);
return ret;
}
int verify_refname_available(const char *newname,
const struct string_list *extras,
const struct string_list *skip,
struct strbuf *err)
{
struct ref_dir *packed_refs = get_packed_refs(&ref_cache);
struct ref_dir *loose_refs = get_loose_refs(&ref_cache);
if (verify_refname_available_dir(newname, extras, skip,
packed_refs, err) ||
verify_refname_available_dir(newname, extras, skip,
loose_refs, err))
return -1;
return 0;
}
static int write_ref_to_lockfile(struct ref_lock *lock,
const unsigned char *sha1, struct strbuf *err);
static int commit_ref_update(struct ref_lock *lock,
const unsigned char *sha1, const char *logmsg,
struct strbuf *err);
int rename_ref(const char *oldrefname, const char *newrefname, const char *logmsg)
{
unsigned char sha1[20], orig_sha1[20];
int flag = 0, logmoved = 0;
struct ref_lock *lock;
struct stat loginfo;
int log = !lstat(git_path("logs/%s", oldrefname), &loginfo);
struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
if (log && S_ISLNK(loginfo.st_mode))
return error("reflog for %s is a symlink", oldrefname);
if (!resolve_ref_unsafe(oldrefname, RESOLVE_REF_READING | RESOLVE_REF_NO_RECURSE,
orig_sha1, &flag))
return error("refname %s not found", oldrefname);
if (flag & REF_ISSYMREF)
return error("refname %s is a symbolic ref, renaming it is not supported",
oldrefname);
if (!rename_ref_available(oldrefname, newrefname))
return 1;
if (log && rename(git_path("logs/%s", oldrefname), git_path(TMP_RENAMED_LOG)))
return error("unable to move logfile logs/%s to "TMP_RENAMED_LOG": %s",
oldrefname, strerror(errno));
if (delete_ref(oldrefname, orig_sha1, REF_NODEREF)) {
error("unable to delete old %s", oldrefname);
goto rollback;
}
/*
* Since we are doing a shallow lookup, sha1 is not the
* correct value to pass to delete_ref as old_sha1. But that
* doesn't matter, because an old_sha1 check wouldn't add to
* the safety anyway; we want to delete the reference whatever
* its current value.
*/
if (!read_ref_full(newrefname, RESOLVE_REF_READING | RESOLVE_REF_NO_RECURSE,
sha1, NULL) &&
delete_ref(newrefname, NULL, REF_NODEREF)) {
if (errno==EISDIR) {
struct strbuf path = STRBUF_INIT;
int result;
strbuf_git_path(&path, "%s", newrefname);
result = remove_empty_directories(&path);
strbuf_release(&path);
if (result) {
error("Directory not empty: %s", newrefname);
goto rollback;
}
} else {
error("unable to delete existing %s", newrefname);
goto rollback;
}
}
if (log && rename_tmp_log(newrefname))
goto rollback;
logmoved = log;
lock = lock_ref_sha1_basic(newrefname, NULL, NULL, NULL, REF_NODEREF,
NULL, &err);
if (!lock) {
error("unable to rename '%s' to '%s': %s", oldrefname, newrefname, err.buf);
strbuf_release(&err);
goto rollback;
}
hashcpy(lock->old_oid.hash, orig_sha1);
if (write_ref_to_lockfile(lock, orig_sha1, &err) ||
commit_ref_update(lock, orig_sha1, logmsg, &err)) {
error("unable to write current sha1 into %s: %s", newrefname, err.buf);
strbuf_release(&err);
goto rollback;
}
return 0;
rollback:
lock = lock_ref_sha1_basic(oldrefname, NULL, NULL, NULL, REF_NODEREF,
NULL, &err);
if (!lock) {
error("unable to lock %s for rollback: %s", oldrefname, err.buf);
strbuf_release(&err);
goto rollbacklog;
}
flag = log_all_ref_updates;
log_all_ref_updates = 0;
if (write_ref_to_lockfile(lock, orig_sha1, &err) ||
commit_ref_update(lock, orig_sha1, NULL, &err)) {
error("unable to write current sha1 into %s: %s", oldrefname, err.buf);
strbuf_release(&err);
}
log_all_ref_updates = flag;
rollbacklog:
if (logmoved && rename(git_path("logs/%s", newrefname), git_path("logs/%s", oldrefname)))
error("unable to restore logfile %s from %s: %s",
oldrefname, newrefname, strerror(errno));
if (!logmoved && log &&
rename(git_path(TMP_RENAMED_LOG), git_path("logs/%s", oldrefname)))
error("unable to restore logfile %s from "TMP_RENAMED_LOG": %s",
oldrefname, strerror(errno));
return 1;
}
static int close_ref(struct ref_lock *lock)
{
if (close_lock_file(lock->lk))
return -1;
return 0;
}
static int commit_ref(struct ref_lock *lock)
{
char *path = get_locked_file_path(lock->lk);
struct stat st;
if (!lstat(path, &st) && S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
/*
* There is a directory at the path we want to rename
* the lockfile to. Hopefully it is empty; try to
* delete it.
*/
size_t len = strlen(path);
struct strbuf sb_path = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_attach(&sb_path, path, len, len);
/*
* If this fails, commit_lock_file() will also fail
* and will report the problem.
*/
remove_empty_directories(&sb_path);
strbuf_release(&sb_path);
} else {
free(path);
}
if (commit_lock_file(lock->lk))
return -1;
return 0;
}
/*
* Create a reflog for a ref. If force_create = 0, the reflog will
* only be created for certain refs (those for which
* should_autocreate_reflog returns non-zero. Otherwise, create it
* regardless of the ref name. Fill in *err and return -1 on failure.
*/
static int log_ref_setup(const char *refname, struct strbuf *logfile, struct strbuf *err, int force_create)
{
int logfd, oflags = O_APPEND | O_WRONLY;
strbuf_git_path(logfile, "logs/%s", refname);
if (force_create || should_autocreate_reflog(refname)) {
if (safe_create_leading_directories(logfile->buf) < 0) {
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create directory for '%s': "
"%s", logfile->buf, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
oflags |= O_CREAT;
}
logfd = open(logfile->buf, oflags, 0666);
if (logfd < 0) {
if (!(oflags & O_CREAT) && (errno == ENOENT || errno == EISDIR))
return 0;
if (errno == EISDIR) {
if (remove_empty_directories(logfile)) {
strbuf_addf(err, "there are still logs under "
"'%s'", logfile->buf);
return -1;
}
logfd = open(logfile->buf, oflags, 0666);
}
if (logfd < 0) {
strbuf_addf(err, "unable to append to '%s': %s",
logfile->buf, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
}
adjust_shared_perm(logfile->buf);
close(logfd);
return 0;
}
int safe_create_reflog(const char *refname, int force_create, struct strbuf *err)
{
int ret;
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
ret = log_ref_setup(refname, &sb, err, force_create);
strbuf_release(&sb);
return ret;
}
static int log_ref_write_fd(int fd, const unsigned char *old_sha1,
const unsigned char *new_sha1,
const char *committer, const char *msg)
{