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Perform the merge and commit the result. This option can
be used to override --no-commit.
With --no-commit perform the merge and stop just before creating
a merge commit, to give the user a chance to inspect and further
tweak the merge result before committing.
Note that fast-forward updates do not create a merge commit and
therefore there is no way to stop those merges with --no-commit.
Thus, if you want to ensure your branch is not changed or updated
by the merge command, use --no-ff with --no-commit.
Invoke an editor before committing successful mechanical merge to
further edit the auto-generated merge message, so that the user
can explain and justify the merge. The `--no-edit` option can be
used to accept the auto-generated message (this is generally
The `--edit` (or `-e`) option is still useful if you are
giving a draft message with the `-m` option from the command line
and want to edit it in the editor.
Older scripts may depend on the historical behaviour of not allowing the
user to edit the merge log message. They will see an editor opened when
they run `git merge`. To make it easier to adjust such scripts to the
updated behaviour, the environment variable `GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT` can be
set to `no` at the beginning of them.
This option determines how the merge message will be cleaned up before
committing. See linkgit:git-commit[1] for more details. In addition, if
the '<mode>' is given a value of `scissors`, scissors will be appended
to `MERGE_MSG` before being passed on to the commit machinery in the
case of a merge conflict.
Specifies how a merge is handled when the merged-in history is
already a descendant of the current history. `--ff` is the
default unless merging an annotated (and possibly signed) tag
that is not stored in its natural place in the `refs/tags/`
hierarchy, in which case `--no-ff` is assumed.
With `--ff`, when possible resolve the merge as a fast-forward (only
update the branch pointer to match the merged branch; do not create a
merge commit). When not possible (when the merged-in history is not a
descendant of the current history), create a merge commit.
With `--no-ff`, create a merge commit in all cases, even when the merge
could instead be resolved as a fast-forward.
With `--ff-only`, resolve the merge as a fast-forward when possible.
When not possible, refuse to merge and exit with a non-zero status.
GPG-sign the resulting merge commit. The `keyid` argument is
optional and defaults to the committer identity; if specified,
it must be stuck to the option without a space. `--no-gpg-sign`
is useful to countermand both `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable,
and earlier `--gpg-sign`.
In addition to branch names, populate the log message with
one-line descriptions from at most <n> actual commits that are being
merged. See also linkgit:git-fmt-merge-msg[1].
With --no-log do not list one-line descriptions from the
actual commits being merged.
Show a diffstat at the end of the merge. The diffstat is also
controlled by the configuration option merge.stat.
With -n or --no-stat do not show a diffstat at the end of the
Produce the working tree and index state as if a real merge
happened (except for the merge information), but do not actually
make a commit, move the `HEAD`, or record `$GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD`
(to cause the next `git commit` command to create a merge
commit). This allows you to create a single commit on top of
the current branch whose effect is the same as merging another
branch (or more in case of an octopus).
With --no-squash perform the merge and commit the result. This
option can be used to override --squash.
With --squash, --commit is not allowed, and will fail.
This option bypasses the pre-merge and commit-msg hooks.
See also linkgit:githooks[5].
-s <strategy>::
Use the given merge strategy; can be supplied more than
once to specify them in the order they should be tried.
If there is no `-s` option, a built-in list of strategies
is used instead ('git merge-recursive' when merging a single
head, 'git merge-octopus' otherwise).
-X <option>::
Pass merge strategy specific option through to the merge
Verify that the tip commit of the side branch being merged is
signed with a valid key, i.e. a key that has a valid uid: in the
default trust model, this means the signing key has been signed by
a trusted key. If the tip commit of the side branch is not signed
with a valid key, the merge is aborted.
Synonyms to --stat and --no-stat; these are deprecated and will be
removed in the future.
Operate quietly. Implies --no-progress.
Be verbose.
Turn progress on/off explicitly. If neither is specified,
progress is shown if standard error is connected to a terminal.
Note that not all merge strategies may support progress
Automatically create a temporary stash entry before the operation
begins, and apply it after the operation ends. This means
that you can run the operation on a dirty worktree. However, use
with care: the final stash application after a successful
merge might result in non-trivial conflicts.
By default, `git merge` command refuses to merge histories
that do not share a common ancestor. This option can be
used to override this safety when merging histories of two
projects that started their lives independently. As that is
a very rare occasion, no configuration variable to enable
this by default exists and will not be added.