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ARM System Controller ICST clocks
The ICS525 and ICS307 oscillators are produced by Integrated Devices
Technology (IDT). ARM integrated these oscillators deeply into their
reference designs by adding special control registers that manage such
oscillators to their system controllers.
The various ARM system controllers contain logic to serialize and initialize
an ICST clock request after a write to the 32 bit register at an offset
into the system controller. Furthermore, to even be able to alter one of
these frequencies, the system controller must first be unlocked by
writing a special token to another offset in the system controller.
Some ARM hardware contain special versions of the serial interface that only
connects the low 8 bits of the VDW (missing one bit), hardwires RDW to
different values and sometimes also hardwire the output divider. They
therefore have special compatible strings as per this table (the OD value is
the value on the pins, not the resulting output divider):
Hardware variant: RDW OD VDW
Integrator/AP 22 1 Bit 8 0, rest variable
Integrator/AP 46 3 Bit 8 0, rest variable
Integrator/AP 22 or 1 17 or (33 or 25 MHz)
integratorap-pci 14 1 14
Integrator/CP 22 variable Bit 8 0, rest variable
Integrator/CP 22 variable Bit 8 0, rest variable
The ICST oscillator must be provided inside a system controller node.
Required properties:
- compatible: must be one of
- lock-offset: the offset address into the system controller where the
unlocking register is located
- vco-offset: the offset address into the system controller where the
ICST control register is located (even 32 bit address)
- #clock-cells: must be <0>
- clocks: parent clock, since the ICST needs a parent clock to derive its
frequency from, this attribute is compulsory.
syscon: syscon@10000000 {
compatible = "syscon";
reg = <0x10000000 0x1000>;
oscclk0: osc0@c {
compatible = "arm,syscon-icst307";
#clock-cells = <0>;
lock-offset = <0x20>;
vco-offset = <0x0c>;
clocks = <&xtal24mhz>;